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1.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 642-649, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986127

ABSTRACT

Periodontitis is an oral infectious disease that occurs in the tooth supporting tissues, which damages the soft and hard tissues of the periodontium and eventually results in tooth mobility and loss. Traditional clinical treatment can effectively control the periodontal infection and inflammation. However, as the therapeutic effect depending on the local condition of periodontal defect and the systemic factors of patients, it's hard to achieve satisfactory and stable periodontal tissue regeneration for damaged periodontal tissues. Recently, as a promising therapeutic strategy in periodontal regeneration, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) play an important role in modern regenerative medicine. Combined with the clinical translational researches of MSC in periodontal tissue engineering and the research results of our group in the past decade, it is summarized and explained the mechanism of MSC promoting periodontal regeneration, the preclinical and the clinical transformation researches as well as the future application prospects of MSC in periodontal regeneration therapy in this paper.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3317-3326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981469

ABSTRACT

In recent years, reports of adverse reactions related to traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) have been on the rise, especially some traditionally considered "non-toxic" TCM(such as Dictamni Cortex). This has aroused the concern of scholars. This study aims to explore the metabolomic mechanism underlying the difference in liver injury induced by dictamnine between males and females through the experiment on 4-week-old mice. The results showed that the serum biochemical indexes of liver function and organ coefficients were significantly increased by dictamnine(P<0.05), and hepatic alveolar steatosis was mainly observed in female mice. However, no histopathological changes were observed in the male mice. Furthermore, a total of 48 differential metabolites(such as tryptophan, corticosterone, and indole) related to the difference in liver injury between males and females were screened out by untargeted metabolomics and multivariate statistical analysis. According to the receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve, 14 metabolites were highly correlated with the difference. Finally, pathway enrichment analysis indicated that disorders of metabolic pathways, such as tryptophan metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis, and ferroptosis(linoleic acid metabolism and arachidonic acid metabolism), may be the potential mechanism of the difference. Liver injury induced by dictamnine is significantly different between males and females, which may be caused by the disorders of tryptophan metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis, and ferroptosis pathways.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Animals , Mice , Tryptophan , Metabolomics , Fatty Liver , Steroids , Hormones
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2307-2315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981306

ABSTRACT

Cinnamomum camphora is an important economic tree species in China. According to the type and content of main components in the volatile oil of leaf, C. camphora were divided into five chemotypes, including borneol-type, camphor-type, linalool-type, cineole-type, and nerolidol-type. Terpene synthase(TPS) is the key enzyme for the formation of these compounds. Although several key enzyme genes have been identified, the biosynthetic pathway of(+)-borneol, which has the most economic value, has not been reported. In this study, nine terpenoid synthase genes CcTPS1-CcTPS9 were cloned through transcriptome analysis of four chemical-type leaves. After the recombinant protein was induced by Escherichia coli, geranyl pyrophosphate(GPP) and farnesyl pyrophosphate(FPP) were used as substrates for enzymatic reaction, respectively. Both CcTPS1 and CcTPS9 could catalyze GPP to produce bornyl pyrophosphate, which could be hydrolyzed by phosphohydrolase to obtain(+)-borneol, and the product of(+)-borneol accounted for 0.4% and 89.3%, respectively. Both CcTPS3 and CcTPS6 could catalyze GPP to generate a single product linalool, and CcTPS6 could also react with FPP to generate nerolidol. CcTPS8 reacted with GPP to produce 1,8-cineol(30.71%). Nine terpene synthases produced 9 monoterpene and 6 sesquiterpenes. The study has identified the key enzyme genes responsible for borneol biosynthesis in C. camphora for the first time, laying a foundation for further elucidating the molecular mechanism of chemical type formation and cultivating new varieties of borneol with high yield by using bioengineering technology.


Subject(s)
Cinnamomum camphora/enzymology , Alkyl and Aryl Transferases/chemistry
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2298-2306, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981305

ABSTRACT

Tanshinones are one of the main effective components of Salvia miltiorrhiza, which play important roles in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Microbial heterogony production of tanshinones can provide a large number of raw materials for the production of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) preparations containing S. miltiorrhiza, reduce the extraction cost, and relieve the pressure of clinical medication. The biosynthetic pathway of tanshinones contains multiple P450 enzymes, and the catalytic element with high efficiency is the basis of microbial production of tanshinones. In this study, the protein modification of CYP76AK1, a key P450-C20 hydroxylase in tanshinone pathway, was researched. The protein modeling methods SWISS-MODEL, Robetta, and AlphaFold2 were used, and the protein model was analyzed to obtain the reliable protein structure. The semi-rational design of mutant protein was carried out by molecular docking and homologous alignment. The key amino acid sites affecting the oxidation activity of CYP76AK1 were identified by molecular docking. The function of the obtained mutations was studied with yeast expression system, and the CYP76AK1 mutations with continuous oxidation function to 11-hydroxysugiol were obtained. Four key amino acid sites that affected the oxidation acti-vity were analyzed, and the reliability of three protein modeling methods was analyzed according to the mutation results. The effective protein modification sites of CYP76AK1 were reported for the first time in this study, which provides a catalytic element for different oxidation activities at C20 site for the study of the synthetic biology of tanshinones and lays a foundation for the analysis of the conti-nuous oxidation mechanism of P450-C20 modification.


Subject(s)
Oxidoreductases , Biosynthetic Pathways , Molecular Docking Simulation , Reproducibility of Results , Salvia miltiorrhiza/chemistry , Amino Acids/metabolism , Plant Roots/genetics
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2273-2283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981303

ABSTRACT

The active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)are the foundation for the efficiency of TCM and the key to the formation of Dao-di herbs. It is of great significance to study the biosynthesis and regulation mechanisms of these active ingredients for analyzing the formation mechanism of Daodi herbs and providing components for the production of active ingredients in TCM by synthetic biology. With the advancements in omics technology, molecular biology, synthetic biology, artificial intelligence, etc., the analysis of biosynthetic pathways for active ingredients in TCM is rapidly progressing. New methods and technologies have promoted the analysis of the synthetic pathways of active ingredients in TCM and have also made this area a hot topic in molecular pharmacognosy. Many researchers have made significant progress in analyzing the biosynthetic pathways of active ingredients in TCM such as Panax ginseng, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, and Tripterygium wilfordii. This paper systematically reviewed current research me-thods for analyzing the biosynthetic functional genes of active ingredients in TCM, elaborated the mining of gene elements based on multiomics technology and the verification of gene functions in plants in vitro and in vivo with candidate genes as objects. Additionally, the paper summarized new technologies and methods that have emerged in recent years, such as high-throughput screening, molecular probes, genome-wide association studies, cell-free systems, and computer simulation screening to provide a comprehensive reference for the analysis of the biosynthetic pathways of active ingredients in TCM.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Artificial Intelligence , Biosynthetic Pathways , Computer Simulation , Genome-Wide Association Study
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2265-2283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981202

ABSTRACT

Natural plant-derived diterpenoids are a class of compounds with diverse structures and functions. These compounds are widely used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and food additives industries because of their pharmacological properties such as anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activities. In recent years, with the gradual discovery of functional genes in the biosynthetic pathway of plant-derived diterpenoids and the development of synthetic biotechnology, great efforts have been made to construct a variety of diterpenoid microbial cell factories through metabolic engineering and synthetic biology, resulting in gram-level production of many compounds. This article summarizes the construction of plant-derived diterpenoid microbial cell factories through synthetic biotechnology, followed by introducing the metabolic engineering strategies applied to improve plant-derived diterpenoids production, with the aim to provide a reference for the construction of high-yield plant-derived diterpenoid microbial cell factories and the industrial production of diterpenoids.


Subject(s)
Diterpenes/metabolism , Biotechnology , Metabolic Engineering , Biosynthetic Pathways/genetics , Plants/genetics , Synthetic Biology
7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1638-1642, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987882

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the effect of eccentricity of the optical treatment zone on retinal defocus after wearing orthokeratology lens for 12mo.METHODS: In this case-control study, a total of 120 myopic patients(120 eyes)who completed the fitting in our hospital from March 2021 to September 2021 and insisted on wearing orthokeratology lenses for 12mo were selected. According to the eccentricity after wearing lenses for 12mo, they were divided into the low eccentricity group(&#x003C;0.5mm, 58 cases, 58 eyes)and the moderate and high eccentricity group(≥0.5mm, 62 cases, 62 eyes). The optical treatment zone diameter(OTZD), eccentricity, axial length(AL), pupil diameter(PD)and refraction difference value(RDV)were evaluated after 12mo of wearing orthokeratology lenses, and the correlation between RDV and eccentricity was analyzed.RESULTS: After wearing orthokeratology lenses for 12mo, AL growth and RDV at 30°~40° and 40°~53° from the fovea were significantly lower in the moderate and high eccentricity group than in the low eccentricity group(all P&#x003C;0.05). In all patients, RDV at 40°~53° from the fovea was positively correlated with AL growth and OTZD(rs=0.544, 0.333, both P&#x003C;0.01), and negatively correlated with eccentricity(rs=-0.224, P=0.014).CONCLUSION: Peripheral retinal defocus is related to eccentricity and OTZD after wearing orthokeratology lenses. The greater eccentricity and the smaller OTZD within a certain range can induce more peripheral retinal myopic defocus, leading to a better control of AL growth.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1471-1476, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980535

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the current research progress, hot spots and future development trends of myopia in children and adolescents at home and abroad, thus providing references for the further research on the field.METHODS: Using China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI)and Web of Science(WOS)as data sources, the literature on myopia in children and adolescents from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2022 was collected. Visual analyses were conducted based on the quantity of the published articles, authors, publishing institutions, journals as well as keyword co-occurrence, clustering, timeline graph and emergence by using the VOSviewer and CiteSpace.RESULT: The number of publications on myopia research has increased steadily both articles in Chinese and English. Xian-Gui He and Saw, Seang-Mei have published the most papers, and the Chinese Journal of School Health and Investigative Ophthalmology &#x0026; Visual Science published the most related articles. Shanghai Eye Disease Prevention and Treatment Center, and Sun Yat-sen University are the institutions with the most publications in the area. Clinical observation is the main focus of research both domestically and internationally, with orthokeratology, outdoor activities, axial length, prevalence, and influencing factors attracting much attention.CONCLUSION: Current research on myopia in children and adolescents focuses on the epidemiology, intervention measures, and biological parameters of the condition. Future research on myopia epidemiology is likely to become a major focus of research in this area.

9.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 145-150, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of Full-stack Smart Pelvic Floor Ultrasound (FSPFU) software in the acquisition and measurement of the minimal levator hiatus (LH).Methods:Transperineal pelvic floor ultrasonography was performed in 119 women of 6-month postpartum from Nov.2020 to Jan.2021 of Shenzhen Second People′s Hospital. Mid-sagittal plane of pelvic floor was set as the initial plane, and the three-dimensional volume data was acquired. The dataset was stored in the machine. The offline volume data was manually adjusted to obtain the minimal LH images and measured by four physicians (two junior physicians as the D1 group and two senior physicians as the D2 group). For comparison, the results were also obtained using the fully automated method—the FSPFU software by a junior physician (the D3 group). The obtained parameters of minimal LH included area, circumference, anterioposterior diameter, transverse diameter, left and right levator-urethral gap distance. Analysis time was recorded for each group. The contours of minimal LH were outlined by three groups and the overlapping rate was calculated. The quality of the resulted images was evaluated and scored by another two senior physicians(A and B) independently.Results:The D3 group had a significant shorter analysis time compared with the other two groups, and the D1 group took a longer time than the D2 group, regardless of the cystocele severity (D1: 82.97 s, D2: 62.51 s, D3: 2.71 s, all P<0.05). The intergroup agreements and correlations of the minimum LH area were good (all ICC>0.85, rs>0.70, P<0.001) and the outlined contours were largely overlapped (>92%). There was no significant difference in image quality among the three groups(all P>0.05). Conclusions:FSPFU software can automatically obtain and measure the minimum LH in an efficient and accurate way, which can improve the effectiveness of the present pelvic floor examination. FSPFU software can be an useful tool in the diagnosis of pelvic floor dysfunctional diseases.

10.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 774-778, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences of umbilical vein diameter(D), time average peak velocity(TAmax) and blood flow between congenital heart disease and normal fetus.Methods:The umbilical vein diameter and time average peak velocity of 69 fetuses with congenital heart disease (disease group) from 22 to 27 weeks were prospectively studied in Maternal-Fetal Medical Center in Fetal Heart Disease of Beijing Anzhen Hospital from May 2021 to September 2021. Q 1 (umbilical venous blood flow) was calculated according to the formular [Q=0.5TAmax·π·(D/2) 2)], and Q 2 (Q 2=Q 1/weight) was calculated according to the fetal weight. At the same time, 111 normal fetuses with matched gestational age were selected as control group. The differences of fetal umbilical vein D, TAmax, Q 1 and Q 2 between the two groups were analyzed. Results:The inner diameter of umbilical vein D, TAmax, Q 1 and Q 2 in the congenital heart disease group were lower than those in the control group(all P<0.05). In the control group, the inner diameter of umbilical vein D, TAmax and Q 1 increased with the increase of gestational age and showed a positive linear correlation( r=0.608, 0.320, 0.626; all P≤0.001), while there was no obvious linear correlation between Q 2 and gestational age( r=0.189, P=0.047). Conclusions:The decrease of umbilical vein D, TAmax, Q 1 and Q 2 in the fetus with congenital heart disease indicates the decrease of effective blood flow in placenta-fetus circulation, which indirectly reflects the decrease of placental function in the fetus with congenital heart disease.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 77-85, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940488

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the differences in response to bakuchiol-induced hepatotoxicity between Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice and Kunming (KM) mice. MethodThe objective manifestations of bakuchiol-induced hepatotoxicity in mice were confirmed by acute and subacute toxicity animal experiments, and enrichment pathways of differential genes between normal ICR mice and KM mice were compared by transcriptomics. The real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (real-time qPCR) assay was used to verify the mRNA expression of key genes in the related pathways to confirm the species differences of bakuchiol-induced liver injury. ResultIn the subacute toxicity experiment, compared with the normal mice, the ICR mice showed increased serum content of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and 5′-nucleotidase (5′-NT), without significant difference, and no manifest change was observed in KM mice. Pathological results showed that hepatocyte hypertrophy was the main pathological feature in ICR mice and hepatocyte steatosis in KM mice. In the acute toxicity experiment, KM mice showed erect hair, mental malaise, and near-death 3 days after administration. The levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in KM mice (400 mg·kg-1) significantly increased(P<0.01), and the activity of total reactive oxygen species (SOD) in liver significantly decreased(P<0.01)compared with those in normal mice, while the serum content of 5′-NT and cholinesterase (CHE) in ICR mice (400 mg·kg-1) were significantly elevated (P<0.01). The liver/brain ratio in ICR mice increased by 20.34% and that in KM mice increased by 29.14% (P<0.01). The main pathological manifestation of the liver in ICR mice was hepatocyte hypertrophy, while those in KM mice were focal inflammation, hepatocyte hypertrophy, and hepatocyte steatosis. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)and Reactome pathway enrichment analyses showed that the differential gene expression between ICR mice and KM mice was mainly involved in oxidative phosphorylation, bile secretion, bile acid and bile salts synthesis, and metabolism pathway. CYP7A1 was up-regulated in all groups with drug intervention (P<0.01) and MRP2 was reduced in all groups with drug intervention of KM mice (P<0.01) and elevated in all groups with drug intervention of ICR mice (P<0.01) compared with those in the normal group. The expression of BSEP was lowered in ICR mice with acute liver injury (400 mg·kg-1) (P<0.05). SHP1 was highly expressed in KM mice with acute liver injury (400 mg·kg-1). The expression of FXR was diminished in ICR mice with subacute liver injury (200 mg·kg-1) (P<0.01). SOD1, CAT, and NFR2 significantly decreased in KM mice with acute liver injury (400 mg·kg-1), and CAT dwindled in KM mice with subacute liver injury (200 mg·kg-1) (P<0.01). GSTA1 and GPX1 significantly increased in KM mice with acute liver injury (400 mg·kg-1) (P<0.01) and SOD1, CAT, NRF2, and GSTA1 significantly increased in ICR mice with subacute liver injury (200 mg·kg-1) (P<0.01). CAT and NRF2 significantly increased in ICR mice with acute liver injury (400 mg·kg-1) (P<0.01). ConclusionWith the increase in the dosage of bakuchiol, the liver injury induced by oxidative stress in KM mice was gradually aggravated, and ICR mice showed stronger antioxidant capacity. The comparison of responses to bakuchiol-induced hepatotoxicity between ICR mice and KM mice reveals that ICR mice are more suitable for the investigation of the mechanisms related to bile secretion and bile acid metabolism in the research on bakuchiol-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. KM mice are more prone to liver injury caused by oxidative stress.

12.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 829-835, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910126

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of echocardiography hemodynamic parameters on 30-day survival rate after veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in refractory cardiogenic shock.Methods:A total of 44 patients with refractory cardiogenic shock who passed VA-ECMO weaning trial were retrospectively analyzed from September 2014 to February 2021. According to their 30-day survival outcomes after VA-ECMO removal, these patients were divided into the survival group (32 cases) and the death group (12 cases). Baseline data and the change rate of echocardiographic parameters between the first day of VA-ECMO and the day on VA-ECMO removal were compared, and the ultrasonic indicators affecting the survival of VA-ECMO within 30 days after withdrawal were determined.Results:The change rate of left ventricular ejection fraction(ΔLVEF%), the change rate of velocity time integral of the left ventricular outflow tract(ΔLVOT-VTI%), the change rate of ΔSa% and the change rate of right ventricular fractional area change(ΔRVFAC%) were improved significantly in the survival group ( P<0.05). The correlation coefficients between ΔLVEF% and ΔLVOT-VTI%, ΔLVEF% and ΔSa%, ΔLVEF % and ΔRVFAC% were 0.885, 0.861, 0.675, respectively( P<0.001); The correlation coefficient between ΔLVOT-VTI% and ΔSa was 0.918( P<0.001). ROC curve showed that the cut off values of ΔLVEF%, ΔLVOT-VTI%, ΔSa% and ΔRVFAC% to predict 30-day survival rate were 23.6%, 20.1%, 22.8% and 23.2% respectively, the sensitivity was 89.5%, 93%, 89.5% and 74.6% respectively, specificity was 66.7%, 66.7%, 66.8% and 75% respectively, the area under ROC curve (AUC) was 0.841, 0.867, 0.841 and 0.768, respectively. Conclusions:ΔLVEF%, ΔLVOT-VTI%, ΔSa% and ΔRVFAC% are predictive indicators of VA-ECMO withdrawl in patients with refractory cardiac shock. ΔLVOT-VTI% is the most valuable indicator of predicting 30-day survival rate after VA-ECMO withdrawl. Patients who meet two or more VA-ECMO echocardiographic indicators are more likely to succeed in VA-ECMO withdrawl. The improvement of right ventricular systolic function is a prerequisite for survival after 30 days of VA-ECMO withdrawal, while LVEF is an important criterion for survival after 30 days of VA-ECMO withdrawal.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3285-3299, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906851

ABSTRACT

Plant natural products (PNPs) are important sources of innovative drugs. They are mainly obtained by isolation or extraction from plants. Low content and with structural analogues in plants result in high production cost, which restricts the research and application of PNPs. While biopathway construction by synthetic biology provides an alternative for production of PNPs. By biosynthetic pathway analysis of PNPs and reconstructing the biopathway in microorganisms, we can produce PNPs in cell factories efficiently. Recently, several predominantly international reports about biosynthesis of PNPs and its synthetic biology production, triggered the researches of PNPs. Abundant traditional Chinese medicine resources and profound cultural heritage of Chinese medicine make biosynthesis pathway analysis of PNPs to be a research hotspot. And some of the studies have achieved significant progress. Here, recent progress in the biosynthesis of plant natural products and its synthetic biology was reviewed. In particular, the application of new methods and technologies in recent years were summarized and discussed. This will provide reference for the biopathway construction of plant natural products.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3353-3361, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906835

ABSTRACT

italic>Aconitum pendulum is a Tibetan medicine that is rich in bioactive compounds such as aconitine-type C19-diterpenoid alkaloids. To investigate the key enzymes in the aconitine biosynthesis pathway, roots, leaves and flowers of Aconitum pendulum were subjected to a high-throughput transcriptomic sequencing analysis by Illumina HiSeqTM2000. Trinity de novo assembly yielded 47 264 unigenes with an average length of 1 140 bp and N50 of 1 678 bp, of which 30 231 unigenes (63.96%) were annotated. In the KEGG database, 542 unigenes were implicated in 17 secondary metabolic pathways; the analysis showed that 44 genes encoded 20 key enzymes in the diterpene skeleton of aconitine biosynthesis and 12 BAHD acyltransferase genes were related to the acetylation modification, with differential expression among three organs. For example, ApTPS8 was the only committed enzyme in the upstream aconitine biosynthetic pathway. The high expression level of ApTPS8 in root indicated that it is the main tissue for the production of precursors of diterpene alkaloids. Consistent with the accumulation of aconitine, we propose that ApBAHD1/2/8 is involved in the biosynthesis of 2-hydroxyaconitine, dehydrated 14-benzoylaconitine, 8-O-methyl-14-benzoylaconine, benzoyldeoxyaconitine and benzoylaconitine, and ApBAHD10 is involved in the biosynthesis of acontine, lucidusculine, 14-O-acetylneoline and 14-O-acetylvirescenin. Comparative transcriptome analysis of A. pendulum and A. carmichaeli indicates significant gene loss in the family of diterpene synthases and acyltransferases in A. pendulum, which is in accordance with the significantly fewer type and quantity of aconitine compounds in this species. Therefore, A. pendulum has proved to be an ideal material for the study of the aconitine biosynthesis pathway. This work provides basic scientific data for further study of aconitine biosynthesis, the discussion of molecular mechanisms of toxicity, and the synthesis of genuine medicinal materials.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3325-3330, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906831

ABSTRACT

italic>NAC transcription factor genes play an important role in regulating plant adversity stress tolerance and secondary metabolism. To explore DaNAC transcription factor participation in the synthesis of asperosaponin Ⅵ in Dipsacus asper, we analyzed the expression of DaNAC genes based on full-length transcriptome data from different tissues (root, stem, leaf, flower, seed) to provide a theoretical foundation for regulating the metabolism of D. asper. RNA-seq data was used to identify open reading frames. Bioinformatic methods were used to identify the conserved domain motifs and construct an evolutionary tree. qRT-PCR was carried out to analyze tissue-specific and adversity-stressed expression. Twenty-nine DaNAC sequences were identified, all of which contain the conserved NAM domain and conserved motif 1 and motif 2 at the N terminal. Five DaNAC genes are closely related to the NAC genes in Arabidopsis thaliana and rice that are involved in adversity stress and are clustered in the Group Ⅰ subfamily. qRT-PCR revealed that DaNAC genes are differentially expressed between tissues. The expression levels were highest in leaves, followed by roots, stems and petioles, and the lowest in flowers and seeds. Compared with normal growth conditions, the expression of four NAC genes was up-regulated by treatment with low temperature (15 ℃). The expression of three genes (34564NAC2, 33883NAC48, 6727NAC14) was up-regulated and one gene (34480NAC22) was down-regulated by 150 μmol·L-1 MeJA. The results illustrate that the expression of NAC genes is induced by adversity stress, which provides a foundation for further study on the role of NAC family members in adversity stress in D. asper.

16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 329-333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883882

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the monitoring value of left ventricular functional parameters obtained by bedside ultrasound combined with clinically relevant indicators in patients with veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted. A total of 24 patients receiving VA-ECMO adjuvant support in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from June 2018 to January 2020 were selected. The bedside ultrasound was performed on the first day of ECMO support, the day before weaning, the clinical indicators before weaning were obtained. The differences in clinical indicators and the left ventricular functional parameters between the two groups of whether weaning successfully were compared; univariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen out the related factors affecting weaning.Results:Sixteen patients were successful weaned and 8 patients failed. Compared with the weaning failure group, patients in the weaning success group required less continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT, cases: 4 vs. 6, P < 0.05), mean arterial pressure (MAP) before weaning was higher [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 84.64±9.55 vs. 62.30±8.79, P < 0.05], and the pulse oxygen saturation (SpO 2) was also higher (0.966±0.670 vs. 0.866±0.061, P < 0.05), while vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS), serum creatinine (SCr) and serum lactic acid (Lac) were lower [VIS score: 7.27±1.42 vs. 16.93±8.52, SCr (μmol/L): 123.60±83.64 vs. 213.10±117.39, Lac (mmol/L): 1.94±0.91 vs. 5.62±5.48, all P < 0.05]. Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the MAP, VIS, SCr, Lac, SpO 2 before weaning were the related factors affecting weaning [odds ratio ( OR) were 0.306, -0.740, -0.011, -0.632, -4.069; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were 1.065-1.732, 0.235-0.899, 0.979-0.999, 0.285-0.992 and 0.001-0.208; P values were 0.014, 0.022, 0.038, 0.047, 0.002]. In the weaning success group, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), velocity of mitralannulus in systolic (LatSa), maximum flow velocity of aortic valve (AV-Vmax), velocity-time integral (VTI), left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS), left ventricular global longitudinal strain rate (LVGLSr) were all increased on the day before ECMO weaning compared with the first day of ECMO support [LVEF: 0.40±0.05 vs. 0.28±0.07, LatSa (cm/s): 6.81±0.91 vs. 4.62±1.02, AV-Vmax (cm/s): 104.81±33.98 vs. 64.44±16.85, VTI (cm): 14.56±3.11 vs. 7.96±1.98, LVGLS: (-8.95±2.59)% vs. (-5.26±1.28)%, LVGLSr (1/s): -0.48±0.11 vs. -0.29±0.09], whereas the ECMO flow was significantly reduced (L/min: 1.46±0.47 vs. 2.64±0.31), the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in left ventricular functional parameters between the first day of ECMO support and the day before ECMO weaning in the weaning failure group. Compared with the weaning failure group, the weaning success group had higher LVEF, LatSa, AV-Vmax, VTI, LVGLS, LVGLSr on the day before ECMO weaning [LVEF: 0.40±0.05 vs. 0.26±0.07, LatSa (cm/s): 6.81±0.91 vs. 4.31±1.03, AV-Vmax (cm/s): 104.81±33.98 vs. 67.67±18.46, VTI (cm): 14.56±3.11 vs. 7.75±2.77, LVGLS: (-8.95±2.59)% vs. (-4.81±1.81)%, LVGLSr (1/s): -0.48±0.11 vs. -0.30±0.10, all P < 0.05] and lower ECMO flow (L/min: 1.46±0.47 vs. 2.20±0.62, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Bedside echocardiographic left ventricular function parameters (LVEF, LatSa, AV-Vmax, VTI, LVGLS, LVGLSr) combined with clinical indicators (MAP, VIS, SCr, Lac, SpO 2) were helpful to evaluate the therapeutic effect of patients receiving VA-ECMO support and can provide important guiding value in the selection of VA-ECMO weaning timing and the judgment of prognosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 98-102, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of MST1 in ovarian cancer (OV) , its relationship with the clinicopathological characteristics, and the potential molecular mechanism.Methods:62 OV patients admitted to Chongqing Emergency Medical Center and the Fifth People’s Hospital of Chongqing from Mar. 2016 to Feb. 2020 were selected. The expression levels of mRNA were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. [MST1 over-expression group: 24 h: (0.31±0.02) , 48 h: (0.44±0.03) , 72 h: (0.62±0.02) ; Blank group:24 h: (0.32±0.02) , (0.55±0.02) , (0.74±0.02) ;MST1 empty vector group:24 h: (0.32±0.03) , 48 h: (0.56±0.02) , 72 h: (0.77±0.02) ]Results:The expression of MST1 was lower in OV than in adjacent tissues[ (0.52±0.12) vs (1.18±0.21) ]. MST1 expression level was not related to age, but significantly correlated with the size of the tumors[ (0.46±0.12) vs (0.58±0.10) , P=0.00], TNM[ (0.57±0.10) vs (0.43±0.12) , P=0.00], TNM stage 9 (0.57±0.10) vs (0.43±0.12) , P=0.00] and lymph node metastasis[ (0.47±0.14) vs (0.56±0.09) , P=0.003]. Over-expression of MST1 obviously inhibited cellular proliferation in OV (MST1 over-expression group: 24 h: 0.31±0.02, 48 h: 0.44±0.03, 72 h: 0.62±0.02; blank group: 24 h: 0.32±0.02, 0.55±0.02, 0.74±0.02; empty vector group: 24 h: 0.32±0.03, 48 h: 0.56±0.02, 72 h: 0.77±0.02) . MST1 over-expression could promote FOXO3 expression, ,the expression level of FOXO3 in Mst1 overexpression group and control group were[ (0.61±0.04) vs (0.41±0.03) ]. MST1 inhibited proliferation of OV cells through upregulating the expression of FOXO3. Conclusions:The expression of MST1 is closely related to the clinicopathological features of OV patients, and MST1 may restrain OV by positively regulating FOXO3 expression.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4730-4735, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888178

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to explore the mechanism of the sweating of Dipsacus asper on content changes of triterpene sa-ponins by detecting the total triterpene saponins and the index component asperosaponin Ⅵ in the crude and sweated D. asper, and analyzing the differentially expressed proteins by isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification(iTRAQ) combined with LC-MS/MS. After sweating, the content of total triterpene saponins decreased manifestly, while that of asperosaponin Ⅵ increased significantly. As revealed by the iTRAQ-LC-MS/MS analysis, 140 proteins with significant differential expression were figured out, with 50 up-regulated and 90 down-regulated. GO analysis indicated a variety of hydrolases, oxido-reductases, and transferases in the differential proteins. The results of activity test on two differentially expressed oxido-reductases were consistent with those of the iTRAQ-LC-MS/MS analysis. As demonstrated by the analysis of enzymes related to the triterpene saponin biosynthesis pathway, two enzymes(from CYP450 and UGT families, respectively, which are involved in the structural modification of triterpene saponins) were significantly down-regulated after sweating. The findings suggested that sweating of D. asper presumedly regulated triterpene saponins by affecting the expression of downstream CYP450 s and UGTs in the biosynthesis pathway of triterpene saponins of D. asper.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromatography, Liquid , Dipsacaceae , Saponins , Sweating , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Triterpenes
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1478-1485, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887073

ABSTRACT

In this study, the fatty acid desaturase gene FAD2 was cloned from Coix lacryma-jobi L. and its molecular structure and function were studied. The results showed that the full-length cDNA sequence of FAD2 gene was 936 bp encoding 311 amino acid residues. Bioinformatics prediction results showed that the protein encoded by the FAD2 gene was an alkaline hydrophilic unstable protein with a molecular weight of 34.87 kDa. It contained three transmembrane helix domain, and did not contain the signal peptide splicing site, and was most likely to be located in plasmid membrane. Compared with other similar genes in plants, it has only a histidine conserved site, His Box Ⅲ histidine site (HXXHH), suggesting its activity may be reduced. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that FAD2 was closely related to monocotyledonous plants, especially Maize and Oryza sativa japonica Group, but farther from dicotyledonous plants. Therefore, it was inferred that FAD2 might have similar functions with similar genes in Maize and Oryza sativa japonica Group. In addition, the expression of FAD2 gene could be detected in Coix lacryma-jobi L. with high oil content, but not in low oil content of Coix lacryma-jobi L. In order to clarify the function of FAD2, the gene was heterologously expressed in sporomyces cerevisiae. The results showed that the protein encoded by FAD2 gene did not catalyze the formation of C18∶1 unsaturated fatty acid into C18∶2 unsaturated fatty acid. Therefore, it was speculated that the deletion of histidinine conserved site of FAD2 gene might lead to the decrease of protein activity or even inactivation. This study provides reference value for further understanding the molecular structure characteristics of fatty acid desaturase. At the same time, it laid a foundation for elucidating the biosynthetic pathway of Coix lacryma-jobi L.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2302-2307, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887049

ABSTRACT

We investigated the effect of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on the content of asperosaponin VI and the expression of genes involved in its synthesis. Dipsacus aspero seedlings were treated with MeJA at different concentrations of 50, 100, 150, 200 and 300 μmol·L-1, and leaves and roots were sampled following treatment for 1, 3 and 5 days. The content of asperosaponin VI and superoxide anion in the roots, malondialdehyde (MDA) content in leaves and superoxide dismutase were determined. The results show that 150 μmol·L-1 MeJA significantly increased the accumulation of asperosaponin VI in roots. The content of asperosaponin VI was greatest after treatment for 3 days, and was 2.16 times higher than the control. After MeJA treatment, SOD activity decreased and MDA content increased in leaves. Moreover, superoxide anion content in roots increased. The expression of squalene epoxidase (DaSE1) and geranyl diphosphate synthase (DaGPS), key enzymes in the synthesis of asperosaponin VI, were up-regulated compared with the control group. These results indicate that an optimal concentration of 150 μmol·L-1 MeJA increases the accumulation of asperosaponin VI by up-regulating the expression of key enzymes involved in the synthesis of asperosaponin VI, which facilitates resistance to adversity stress stimulated by MeJA.

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