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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2490-2499, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981325

ABSTRACT

The effect of Tujia medicine Berberidis Radix on endogenous metabolites in the serum and feces of mice with ulcerative colitis(UC) induced by dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) was analyzed by metabolomics technology to explore the metabolic pathway and underlying mechanism of Berberidis Radix in the intervention of UC. The UC model was induced in mice by DSS. Body weight, disease activity index(DAI), and colon length were recorded. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-10(IL-10) in colon tissues were determined by ELISA. The levels of endogenous metabolites in the serum and feces were detected by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS). Principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed to characterize and screen differential metabolites. The potential metabolic pathways were analyzed by MetaboAnalyst 5.0. The results showed that Berberidis Radix could significantly improve the symptoms of UC mice and increase the level of the anti-inflammatory factor IL-10. A total of 56 and 43 differential metabolites were identified in the serum and feces, respectively, belonging to lipids, amino acids, fatty acids, etc. After the intervention by Berberidis Radix, the metabolic disorder gradually recovered. The involved metabolic pathways included biosynthesis of phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan, linoleic acid metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism, and glycerophospholipid metabolism. Berberidis Radix can alleviate the symptoms of mice with DSS-induced UC, and the mechanism may be closely related to the re-gulation of lipid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and energy metabolism.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Interleukin-10 , Metabolomics/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
2.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 350-358, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829006

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Moxifloxacin (MFX) shows good activity against and can be a possible antibiotic therapy to treat infection; however, other studies have shown a lower or no activity. We aimed to evaluate MFX activity against using zebrafish (ZF) model .@*Methods@#A formulation of labeled with CM-Dil was micro-injected into ZF. Survival curves were determined by recording dead ZF every day. ZF were lysed, and colony-forming units (CFUs) were enumerated. Bacteria dissemination and fluorescence intensity in ZF were analyzed. Inhibition rates of MFX and azithromycin (AZM, positive control) were determined and compared.@*Results@#Significantly increased survival rate was observed with different AZM concentrations. However, increasing MFX concentration did not result in a significant decrease in ZF survival curve. No significant differences in bacterial burdens by CFU loads were observed between AZM and MFX groups at various concentrations. Bacterial fluorescence intensity in ZF was significantly correlated with AZM concentration. However, with increasing MFX concentration, fluorescence intensity decreased slightly when observed under fluorescence microscope. Transferring rates at various concentrations were comparable between the MFX and AZM groups, with no significant difference.@*Conclusion@#MFX showed limited efficacy against using ZF model. Its activity needs to be confirmed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Moxifloxacin , Pharmacology , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Drug Therapy , Mycobacterium abscessus , Zebrafish
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4442-4445, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279219

ABSTRACT

A method for simultaneous determination of the shikonin, acetyl shikonin and β, β'-dimethylpropene shikonin in Onosma hookeri and the chromatographic fingerprint was estabished by HPLC-DAD on an Agilent Zorbax SB-column with a gradient elution of acetonitrile and water at 0.8 mL x min(-1), 30 degrees C. The quality assessment was conducted by comparing the content difference of three naphthoquinone constituents, in combination with chromatographic fingerprint analysis and systems cluster analysis among 7 batches of radix O. hookeri. The content of the three naphthoquinone constituents showed wide variations in 7 bathces. The similarity value of the fingerprints of sample 5, 6 and 7 was above 0.99, sample 2 and 3 above 0.97, sample 3 and 4 above 0.90, and other samples larger than 0.8, which was in concert with the content of three naphthoquinone constituents. The 7 samples were roughly divided into 4 categories. The results above indicated that the using of this medicine is complex and rather spotty. The established HPLC fingerprints and the quantitative analysis method can be used efficiently for quality assessment of O. hookeri.


Subject(s)
Boraginaceae , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Naphthoquinones , Plant Roots , Chemistry
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 433-437, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357984

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Decreases in the bioavailability of rifampicin (RFP) can lead to the development of drug resistance and treatment failure. Therefore, we investigated the relative bioavailability of RFP from one four-drug fixed-dose combination (FDC; formulation A) and three two-drug FDCs (formulations B, C, and D) used in China, compared with RFP in free combinations of these drugs (reference), in healthy volunteers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighteen and twenty healthy Chinese male volunteers participated in two open-label, randomized two-period crossover (formulations A and C) or one three-period crossover (formulations B and D) study, respectively. The washout period between treatments was 7 days. Bioequivalence was assessed based on 90% confidence intervals, according to two one-sided t-tests. All analyses were done with DAS 3.1.5 (Mathematical Pharmacology Professional Committee of China, Shanghai, China).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Mean pharmacokinetic parameter values of RFP obtained for formulations A, B, C, and D products were 11.42 ± 3.41 μg/ml, 7.86 ± 5.78 μg/ml, 13.05 ± 6.80 μg/ml, and 16.18 ± 3.87 μg/ml, respectively, for peak plasma concentration (C max ), 91.43 ± 30.82 μg·h-1·ml-1 , 55.49 ± 37.58 μg·h-1·ml-1 , 96.50 ± 47.24 μg·h-1·ml-1 , 101.47 ± 33.07 μg·h-1·ml-1 , respectively, for area under the concentration-time curve (AUC 0-24 h ).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Although the concentrations of RFP for formulations A, C, and D were within the reported acceptable therapeutic range, only formulation A was bioequivalent to the reference product. The three two-drug FDCs (formulations B, C and D) displayed inferior RFP bioavailability compared with the reference (Chinese Clinical Trials registration number: ChiCTR-TTRCC-12002451).</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Asian People , Biological Availability , Drug Combinations , Rifampin , Pharmacokinetics , Therapeutic Uses , Tuberculosis , Drug Therapy
5.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589475

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study air disinfection methods in unremitting operating room,we compared effect of using trioxide disinfector(used in operating room "A") with YKX/G100-type medical air disinfection and purification machine(used in operating room "B") in disinfecting air inside unremitting operating room.METHODS To observe the killing effect on air natural bacteria of the two methods,we used natural sedimentation monitoring the different stages sampling before and after sterilization and at the beginning stage of the unremitting operation.RESULTS Both the two methods could achieve the air natural bacteria eradication rate above 85%.The air bacteria colony number obviously upgraded after the beginning of unremitting operation in operating rooms "A";but in operating rooms "B",the number fell-off slowly.CONCLUSIONS The medical air disinfection and purification machine can shorten the interval of operations,it is the better approach of continuous air disinfection in solving the unremitting operating room with personnel existence.

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