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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 519-523, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920718

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide policy referen ce for local marketing authorization holder (MAH)to implement their main responsibility of drug life cycle supervision and the Guiding Principles of Pharmacovigilance Inspection to be officially released. METHODS Taking 15 MAH in Shanghai who recently underwent pharmacovigilance inspection as the research objects ,the social network analysis was used to explore the logical relationship between MAHs ’enterprise attributes and inspection problems , summarize the problems found ,analyze the causes ,and put forward corresponding countermeasures. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS The problems found in this pharmacovigilance inspection were mainly in aspects of organization ,personnel management ,quality management system ,report quality and so on. The reasons for these problems included light punishment ,which lead to the enterprise management ’s lack of attention to the pharmacovigilance system ,unclear problem handling and risk control mechanism , imperfect quality management system documents ,inadequate personnel training ,etc. MAH needs to pay more attention to pharmacovigilance,allocate corresponding human and resources ,constantly improve the pharmacovigilance quality management system,and improve the enforceability and effectiveness of the pharmacovigilance system. At the same time ,it is suggested that government departments should strengthen policy guidance , publicity and implementation , and combine with third-party institutional platforms such as industry associations to promote the smooth implementation of Good Validation Practice .

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1996-2005, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918184

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) features of fumarate hydratase-deficient renal cell carcinoma (FH-deficient RCC) with germline or somatic mutations, and compare them with those of papillary type II RCC (pRCC type II). @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 24 patients (mean ± standard deviation, 40.4 ± 14.7 years) with pathologically confirmed FH-deficient RCC (15 with germline and 9 with somatic mutations) and 54 patients (58.6 ± 12.6 years) with pRCC type II were enrolled. The MDCT features were retrospectively reviewed and compared between the two entities and mutation subgroups, and were correlated with the clinicopathological findings. @*Results@#All the lesions were unilateral and single. Compared with pRCC type II, FH-deficient RCC was more prevalent among younger patients (40.4 ± 14.7 vs. 58.6 ± 12.6, p < 0.001) and tended to be larger (8.1 ± 4.1 vs. 5.4 ± 3.2, p = 0.002). Cystic solid patterns were more common in FH-deficient RCC (20/24 vs. 16/54, p < 0.001), with 16 of the 20 (80.0%) cystic solid tumors having showed typical polycystic and thin smooth walls and/or septa, with an eccentric solid component. Lymph node (16/24 vs. 16/54, p = 0.003) and distant (11/24 vs. 3/54, p < 0.001) metastases were more frequent in FH-deficient RCC. FHdeficient RCC and pRCC type II showed similar attenuation in the unenhanced phase. The attenuation in the corticomedullary phase (CMP) (76.3% ± 25.0% vs. 60.2 ± 23.6, p = 0.008) and nephrographic phase (NP) (87.7 ± 20.5, vs. 71.2 ± 23.9, p = 0.004), absolute enhancement in CMP (39.0 ± 24.8 vs. 27.1 ± 22.7, p = 0.001) and NP (50.5 ± 20.5 vs. 38.2 ± 21.9, p = 0.001), and relative enhancement ratio to the renal cortex in CMP (0.35 ± 0.26 vs. 0.24 ± 0.19, p = 0.001) and NP (0.43 ± 0.24 vs. 0.29 ± 0.19, p < 0.001) were significantly higher in FH-deficient RCC. No significant difference was found between the FH germline and somatic mutation subgroups in any of the parameters. @*Conclusion@#The MDCT features of FH-deficient RCC were different from those of pRCC type II, whereas there was no statistical difference between the germline and somatic mutation subgroups. A kidney mass with a cystic solid pattern and metastatic tendency, especially in young patients, should be considered for FH-deficient RCC.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of quadriceps femoris spasticity on the movement parameters in stroke patients during obstacle crossing. Methods:From October, 2017 to November, 2018, 20 stroke patients were divided into spasticity group (n = 11) and non-spasticity group (n = 9) based on the score of modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) of quadriceps femoris. A 10-camera 3D motion analysis system and two force plates were used to synchronously measure the movement parameters of the patients during obstacle crossing of 15 cm high, such as step length, step width, anterior-posterior velocity of the center of mass (COMAPV) and medio-lateral velocity of the center of mass, toe-obstacle distance of unaffected limb, toe-obstacle clearance of affected limb, heel-obstacle distance, double support phase, and the swing phases of affected and unaffected limb. Results:Compared with the non-spasticity group, the COMAPV decreased as both affected and unaffected limb above the obstacle in the spasticity group (F > 10.006, P < 0.01), as well as the toe-obstacle distance and step length before obstacle crossing (F > 13.456, P < 0.01); while, the double support phase and the step width after obstacle crossing increased (F > 4.533, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The quadriceps femoris spasticity may make the strategy of obstacle crossing more carefully for stroke patients, and less efficiently.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 368-371, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862446

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the pathogenic bacteria and drug resistance of acute dacryocystitis, and to provide a guide for rational clinical medication.<p>METHODS: Lacrimal sac pus samples from 80 acute dacryocystitis cases were collected for bacterial culture and drug sensitivity test in Hebei Provincial Eye Hospital from January 2014 to October 2019. The change of detection rate of pathogenic bacteria in different years, the species of pathogenic bacteria of acute dacryocystitis, the main pathogenic bacteria, drug sensitivity and drug resistance of acute dacryocystitis, and the average detection rate of pathogenic bacteria in acute dacryocystitis were analyze.<p>RESULTS:Totally 56 samples were positive for pathogenic bacteria, including 55 cases of bacteria and 1 case of fungi. The average detection rate was 70%. The detection rate of pathogenic bacteria strains was gradually decreasing year by year, and there were various types of pathogenic bacteria strains detected from samples. In addition, Gram-positive cocci was the main pathogenic bacteria of acute dacryocystitis, accounting for 68%(38 cases), of which, staphylococcus aureus accounted for 38%(21 cases). What's more, most Gram-positive cocci were sensitive to rifampin, levofloxacin, and chloramphenicol, and Gram-negative bacilli were more sensitive to tobramycin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, and gentamicin. Fifty-five cases of bacterial samples were obviously resistant to the first and second generation cephalosporins.<p>CONCLUSION: Gram-positive cocci constitute the main pathogenic bacteria of acute dacryocystitis, and levofloxacin can be used as the first choice of topical antibiotics for the treatment of acute dacryocystitis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912887

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of Tuina (Chinese therapeutic massage) manipulation for pediatric adenoid hypertrophy (AH). Methods: A total of 60 children with AH were randomized into an observation group and a medication group, with 30 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with pediatric Tuina treatment, and the medication group was treated with 0.05% mometasone furoate nasal spray. The changes of main clinical symptom score, quality of life (QOL) score and X-ray nasopharynx lateral film were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was 90.0%, and that of the medication group was 66.7%. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the A/N value [ratio of adenoid thickness (A) and nasopharyngeal cavity width (N)] of posterior nasopharyngeal lateral film did not show significant change in either group (P>0.05). After treatment, the clinical symptom scores in both groups decreased, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.001), but there was no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, the QOL scores of children in both groups decreased, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.001), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.001). Conclusion: Tuina manipulation is effective in treating pediatric AH, and produces a better effect in improving traditional Chinese medicine symptoms and QOL than 0.05% mometasone furoate nasal spray.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the apoptosis-inducing effect of Ginkgo biloba extract (Ginaton) on human laryngeal cancer Hep-2 cells and the underlying molecular mechanism.Methods:Human laryngeal cancer Hep-2 cells were cultured in vitro and human laryngeal cancer Hep-2 cells in the log phase were treated with Ginaton in time and concentration gradients. The cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was performed to investigate the inhibitory effects of Ginaton on Hep-2 cells. Flow cytometry was performed to detect apoptosis and determine the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Western blot assay was performed to detect apoptosis and signaling pathway-related protein expression. Results:Ginaton inhibited the proliferation of Hep-2 cells in a time-dependent and concentration-dependent manner. Malondialdehyde level decreased gradually in a time-dependent manner, and decreased to 2.98 μmol/g after 24 hours of Ginaton treatment. Superoxide dismutase level increased gradually in a time-dependent manner and increased to 90.35 U/g after 24 hours of Ginaton treatment. ROS level decreased gradually in a time-dependent manner and deceased to 18.7% of the level before treatment after 24 hours of Ginaton treatment. There was no significant difference in ROS level between before and after 24 hours of Ginaton treatment ( F = 14.98, 19.65, 11.47, all P < 0.001). After 3, 6, 12 and 24 hours of Ginaton treatment, the expression of phosphorylated N-terminal protein kinase increased to 1.98, 2.57, 2.91 and 3.28 in a time-dependent manner. There was significant difference in the expression of phosphorylated N-terminal protein kinase between before treatment and after 3, 6, 12 and 24 hours of Ginaton treatment ( F = 16.37, P < 0.001). Conclusion:Ginaton can effectively inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of human laryngeal cancer Hep-2 cells in vitro, which may be related to regulating ROS level and activating JNK signaling pathway.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of micro-classes combined with flipped classrooms based on short videos and images in "early rehabilitation nursing of stroke patients with hemiplegia".Methods:A total of 70 nursing students who were interns in our department from June 2019 to April 2021 were selected as the research objects, among which, 35 nursing students who entered the department from June 2019 to March 2020 were selected as the control group, using traditional teaching, and 35 nursing students who entered the department from July 2020 to April 2021 were selected as the research group, adopting the micro-classes combined with flipped classrooms teaching based on short videos and images. After the teaching, the test scores of the two groups of students, the students' satisfaction with the teaching methods, their critical thinking ability and the students' autonomous learning ability were evaluated. SPSS 17.0 was used for independent-sample t test and paired-sample t test. Results:After the teaching, the theoretical scores and clinical practice assessment scores of the research group were better than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05); the students in the research group were more satisfied with the teaching method than those in the control group. After the teaching, the scores of 7 dimensions of critical thinking ability of the students in the research group were higher than those of the students in the control group; the scores and total scores of 4 dimensions of the self-learning ability evaluation were higher in the research group than those in the control group. Conclusion:Micro-classes combined with flipped classrooms teaching based on short videos and images can improve the teaching effect of "early rehabilitation nursing for patients with stroke and hemiplegia".

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908886

ABSTRACT

In order to discuss the role and significance of the three-dimensional portable document format(3D PDF) in the learning of cerebrovascular disease, this study created 3D PDF of complex cerebrovascular disease models to aid the teaching of cerebrovascular disease. The cerebral blood vessels, skull and brain tissue were segmented using the CTA image of the patient's brain. Then the 3D models were reconstructed, smoothed, and simplified. Based on this, Deep Exploration and Acrobat software were used to integrate these models into a 3D PDF file, which was used as an auxiliary tool for the teaching of cerebrovascular diseases for medical undergraduates. Finally, the feedback information of questionnaires was collected and analyzed statistically. The questionnaire results showed that the students have a strong interest in interactive 3D PDF. They believe that 3D PDF is more visual and intuitive than 2D CT or MRI images, and greatly agree with the positive effects of 3D PDF in the teaching of cerebrovascular disease and in clinical application.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907586

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlations between multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT) atypical pleomorphic signs and pathological findings of lung metastases.Methods:From January 2012 to July 2019, the MSCT chest imaging data of 168 metastatic tumor of lung from the General Hospital of Central Theater Command of the Chinese People′s Liberation Army and Shaanxi Provincial Tumor Hospital were collected. According to the pathological type, they were divided into metastatic adenocarcinoma group ( n=88) and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma group ( n=80). The atypical imaging signs of MSCT of the two groups were observed and recorded, and classified after labeling one by one. The difference of atypical MSCT imaging features between the two groups was compared, and the correlations between lesion size and atypical imaging features of MSCT in the metastatic adenocarcinoma group and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma group were analyzed. Results:The spicule sign in metastatic adenocarcinoma and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma were 61 (69.32%) and 28 (35.00%), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=19.811, P<0.001). The pleural depression sign in the two groups were 48 (54.55%) and 16 (20.00%), and there was a statistically significant difference ( χ2=21.206, P<0.001). The vacuole/cavity sign in the two groups were 10 (11.36%) and 61 (76.25%), and there was a statistically significant difference ( χ2=72.303, P<0.001). The air bronchial sign in the two groups were 43 (48.86%) and 13 (16.25%), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=20.057, P<0.001). The halo sign/ground glass shadow in the two groups were 58 (65.91%) and 37 (46.25%), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=6.591, P=0.010). The results of the Spearman rank correlation analysis indicated a positive correlation between the size of metastatic adenocarcinoma and spicule sign, pleural depression sign ( r=0.270, P=0.011; r=0.226, P=0.035). There was no correlation between the nodule size and atypical MSCT imaging features in metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (all P>0.05). Conclusion:The atypical MSCT of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma are mostly spicule sign, pleural depression sign, air bronchial sign and halo sign/ground glass shadow. The characteristic atypical imaging of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma is vacuole/cavity sign. The spicule sign and pleural depression sign are related to the size of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma nodules.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907392

ABSTRACT

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) refers to the sudden and unexplained sensorineural hearing loss within 72 h and a decrease in hearing of ≥30 dB affecting at least 3 consecutive frequencies. It is one of the common emergencies in neurology and otolaryngology. Early etiological evaluation and systematic and targeted treatment are very important for delaying the progression of SSNHL and restoring hearing. Recent studies have shown that SSNHL overlaps with vascular risk factors of ischemic stroke, and may predict the risk of ischemic stroke. SSNHL may be one of the clinical manifestation and even the prodromal symptoms of ischemic stroke, especially the infarction of the blood supply area of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery or its branch internal auditory artery. Although these factors can not fully reveal the relationship between SSNHL and ischemic stroke, they are enough to warn clinicians that they should consider the possibility of ischemic stroke when receiving patients with SSNHL. Screening of vascular risk factors for patients with SSNHL as early as possible is helpful to avoid the risk of recurrence of ischemic stroke.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906432

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of modified Shiquan Dabutang in the treatment of elderly patients with osteoporotic intertrochanteric fractures (OIFs) due to Qi and blood deficiency by observing its impacts on inflammatory and bone metabolism indexes. Method:Ninety-eight elderly patients admitted to our hospital for OIFs of Qi and blood deficiency syndrome from April 2018 to April 2020 were randomized into an observation group (<italic>n</italic>=49) and a control group (<italic>n</italic>=49). Following the proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) fixation, patients in the control group were treated with Guipiwan, while those in the observation group received the modified Shiquan Dabutang. The clinical efficacy, inflammatory and bone metabolism indexes, and complications were compared between the two groups after four weeks of treatment. Result:The levels of such serum indexes as fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), osteoprotegerin (OPG), transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>), <italic>β</italic>-endorphin (<italic>β</italic>-EP), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP), and osteocalcin (BGP) in the observation group after treatment were significantly elevated as compared with those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), whereas the serum tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>) and <italic>D</italic>-dimer (<italic>D</italic>-D) declined (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The TCM symptom score in the observation group after treatment was obviously lower than that in the control group, while the Harris Hip Score (HHS) was higher (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The overall response rate of the observation group was 93.88% (46/49), higher than 75.51% (37/49) of the control group (<italic>χ<sup>2</sup></italic>=6.376, <italic>P</italic><0.05). The total incidence of incision infection, deep vein thrombosis of lower limbs, and pulmonary infection in the control group was 24.49% (12/49), significantly higher than 6.12% (3/49) in the observation group (<italic>χ<sup>2</sup></italic>=6.607, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:The modified Shiquan Dabutang is able to alleviate inflammation, regulate bone metabolism, promote bone repair, and reduce the incidence of complications in elderly patients with OIFs due to Qi and blood deficiency.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906371

ABSTRACT

Xiao chengqitang is recorded in Treatise on Febrile Diseases written by ZHANG Zhong-jing in the Eastern Han dynasty. It is composed of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex and Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, which is mainly used to treat mild exogenous Yangming Fu-viscera excess syndrome. This formula has been included in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Prescription (The First Batch). However, the processing specifications and doses recorded in the original formula are different from the modern usage, which results in some difficulties in the research and development of Xiao Chengqitang granules. For clarifying the key information, such as historical evolution of prescription, dose conversion, the origin and processing specifications of each medicine in the prescription, the paper systematically analyzes the ancient medical books and related literature in the past dynasties and refers to the life experience of ZHANG Zhong-jing. Then the modern prescription and decocting methods of Xiao Chengqitang were determined as follows:composing 55.2 g of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma (Rheum officinale) washed with wine, 27.6 g of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex (Magnolia officinalis) processed with ginger and 39.0 g of stir-fried Aurantii Fructus Immaturus (Citrus aurantium), adding 800 mL of water, decocting to 240 mL and filtrating.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901446

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection leads to high mortality in swine. Despite extensive efforts, effective treatments against PRV infection are limited. Furthermore, the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013 is unclear. @*Objectives@#Our study aimed to investigate the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013, establish an inflammation model to elucidate the pathogenesis of PRV infection further, and develop effective drugs against PRV infection. @*Methods@#Kunming mice were infected intramuscularly with medium, LPS, and different doses of PRV-GXLB-2013. Viral spread and histopathological damage to brain, spleen, and lung were determined at 7 days post-infection (dpi). Immune organ indices, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), and inflammatory cytokines, as well as levels of activity of COX-2 and iNOS were determined at 4, 7, and 14 dpi. @*Results@#At 105 –106 TCID50 PRV produced obviously neurological symptoms and 100% mortality in mice. Viral antigens were detectable in kidney, heart, lung, liver, spleen, and brain. In addition, inflammatory injuries were apparent in brain, spleen, and lung of PRVinfected mice. Moreover, PRV induced increases in immune organ indices, ROS and NO levels, activity of COX-2 and iNOS, and the content of key pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ and MCP-1. Among the tested doses, 10 2 TCID 50 of PRV produced a significant inflammatory mediator increase. @*Conclusions@#An inflammatory model induced by PRV infection was established in mice, and 102 TCID50 PRV was considered as the best concentration for the establishment of the model.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893742

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection leads to high mortality in swine. Despite extensive efforts, effective treatments against PRV infection are limited. Furthermore, the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013 is unclear. @*Objectives@#Our study aimed to investigate the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013, establish an inflammation model to elucidate the pathogenesis of PRV infection further, and develop effective drugs against PRV infection. @*Methods@#Kunming mice were infected intramuscularly with medium, LPS, and different doses of PRV-GXLB-2013. Viral spread and histopathological damage to brain, spleen, and lung were determined at 7 days post-infection (dpi). Immune organ indices, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), and inflammatory cytokines, as well as levels of activity of COX-2 and iNOS were determined at 4, 7, and 14 dpi. @*Results@#At 105 –106 TCID50 PRV produced obviously neurological symptoms and 100% mortality in mice. Viral antigens were detectable in kidney, heart, lung, liver, spleen, and brain. In addition, inflammatory injuries were apparent in brain, spleen, and lung of PRVinfected mice. Moreover, PRV induced increases in immune organ indices, ROS and NO levels, activity of COX-2 and iNOS, and the content of key pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ and MCP-1. Among the tested doses, 10 2 TCID 50 of PRV produced a significant inflammatory mediator increase. @*Conclusions@#An inflammatory model induced by PRV infection was established in mice, and 102 TCID50 PRV was considered as the best concentration for the establishment of the model.

15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 567-573, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885463

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of ketogenic diet (KD) therapy in the epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures (EIMFS) associated with TBC1D24 gene mutation.Methods:Clinical data of two children with TBC1D24 gene-related EIMFS were collected retrospectively, who were admitted to Department of Pediatrics, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from 2019 to 2020. Their clinical characteristics and the efficacy and safety of KD therapy were analyzed, and literature review was conducted.Results:Seizures were onset before six months old in the two children with TBC1D24 gene-related EIMFS. Multifocal myoclonic seizures were manifested and happened frequently, lasting for more than 30 minutes sometimes. Developmental retardation was obvious in the two children. A small amount of focal sharp, spike, sharp-slow complex, and spike-slow complex waves were showed in the interictal electroencephalography (EEG). TBC1D24 gene mutations were found in the two children, one with a compound heterozygous mutation (c.1025C>T, p.S342L; c.229_c.240delATCGTGGGCAAG,p.I77_K80del), and the other with a homozygous mutation [c.119G>A,p.R40H(Arg40His)]. Both of those were potentially pathogenic. A variety of anti-epileptic drugs showed poor outcome for the two children. The epilepsy was drug-refractory one. After four to 17 months of KD therapy, the epilepsy in the two children was controlled effectively. There was not obvious adverse reactions. Among six children with TBC1D24 gene-related EIMFS in the literature review, four cases were effective or partially effective for KD therapy, one was discontinued due to insufficient ketogenic ratio, and one was discontinued without effect. There were no obvious adverse reactions in the six children.Conclusions:TBC1D24 gene-related EIMFS is mostly drug-refractory epilepsy. Early KD therapy may help to control seizures.

17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4036-4046, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921484

ABSTRACT

N-glycosylation modification, one of the most common protein post-translational modifications, occurs in heat shock protein gp96. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of N-glycosylation modification on immunologic function of the recombinant gp96 using the mutant gp96 in N-glycosylation sites. Firstly, wild-type and mutant gp96 proteins were expressed by insect expression system and their glycosylation levels were detected. To determine the effect of N-glycosylation on gp96 antigen presentation function, the IFN-γ+ CD8+ T cells in gp96-immunized mice and secretion level of IFN-γ were examined by flow cytometry and ELISA. The ATPase activity of gp96 was further detected by the ATPase kit. Finally, the effect of N-glycosylation on adjuvant function of gp96 for influenza vaccine was investigated in immunized mice. It was found that total sugar content of mutant recombinant gp96 was reduced by 27.8%. Compared to the wild type recombinant gp96, mutations in N-glycosylation sites resulted in decreased antigen presentation ability and ATPase activity of gp96. Furthermore, influenza vaccine-specific T cell levels induced by mutant gp96 as adjuvant were dramatically reduced compared to those by wild type recombinant gp96. These results demonstrate that N-glycosylation modification is involved in regulation of ATPase activity and antigen presentation function of gp96, thereby affecting its adjuvant function. The results provide the technical bases for development of gp96- adjuvanted vaccines.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Immunologic , Animals , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Glycosylation , Heat-Shock Proteins , Influenza Vaccines , Mice
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878944

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of lyophilized powder samples of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,the fingerprint,index component content and extract rate were determined,and the characteristic peaks,the range of similarity with the reference map,the content range and transfer rate range of magnolol,hesperidin,glycyrrhizic acid and pinocembrin,the extract rate range and the change range were clarified. The results showed that the similarity between the fingerprint of substance benchmark and the reference map R generated from the 15 batches of substance benchmark samples was higher than 0. 90. The assignment of the characteristic peaks in the full prescription's fingerprint of the herbs except Poria cocos was clarified. Nineteen characteristic peaks were assigned,and 12 characteristic peaks were assigned by the reference substance,of which 4 were from Magnolia ocinalis Cortex,5 from Exocarpium Citri Rubrum,2 from Radix aucklandiae,3 from Glycyrrhiza Radix et Rhizoma,4 from Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai,and one from Rhizoma Zingiberis and Zingiber officinale Roscoe. The index component content range and transfer rate range were 0. 80%-1. 14% and 20. 25%-39. 61% for hesperidin,0. 49%-0. 79% and 23. 09%-33. 87%for glycyrrhizic acid,0. 03%-0. 07% and 3. 55%-10. 09% for pinocembrin,0. 15%-0. 38% and 8. 08%-24. 35% for magnolol. The extract rate range and the change range were22. 60%-25. 57% and 12. 67%-23. 68% respectively. In this study,we introduced the concepts of index component content,fingerprint,extract rate,explored the transfer relation of quality value transmitting of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,and initially established the quality standard of Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,all of which would provide ideas for the development and research of similar prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza , Quality Control
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877101

ABSTRACT

Time resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TRFIA) is an immunoassay technology developed on the basis of the unique fluorescence properties of rare earth elements. TRFIA combines the advantages of radioimmunoassay, enzyme-linked immunoassay and common fluorescence immunoassay. It has high sensitivity, strong specificity, good stability, wider measurement range, long fluorescence life, simple operation and non-radiation, and shows a good prospect in the field of immunoassay. In this paper, several common TRFIA materials are discussed based on the latest research progress of time-resolved fluorescence in immunoassay. The application of TRFIA in immunodiagnosis, food detection, environmental monitoring and so on is elaborated, and its development direction and application are prospected.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 154-164, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781627

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common malignancies, and intestinal-type GC is the main histopathologic type of GC in China. We previously reported that casein kinase 2 interacting protein 1 (CKIP-1) acts as a candidate tumor suppressor in intestinal-type GC. CKIP-1 participates in the regulation of multiple signaling pathways, including the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, of which caudal-related homeobox 1 (CDX1) may be a downstream target gene. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between CKIP-1 and CDX1 in intestinal-type GC.@*METHODS@#Sixty-seven gastroscopy biopsy specimens and surgically resected gastric specimens were divided into four groups: gastric mucosa group, intestinal metaplasia (IM) group, dysplasia group, and intestinal-type GC group. The expression levels of CKIP-1 and CDX1 were detected in these groups and GC cell lines, and the correlations between these expression levels were analyzed. SGC7901 and BGC823 cells were divided into CKIP-1 shRNA groups and CKIP-1 over-expression groups, and CDX1 expression was detected. β-Catenin expression was detected in intestinal-type GC tissue samples and CKIP-1 shRNA and CKIP-1 over-expression SGC7901 cells, and its correlation with CKIP-1 expression in intestinal-type GC tissue was analyzed. The Wnt/β-catenin pathway inhibitor DKK-1 and activator LiCl were incubated with SGC7901 cells, BGC823 cells, and CKIP-1 shRNA and CKIP-1 over-expression SGC7901 and BGC823 cells, following which CDX1 and Ki-67 expression were detected.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of CKIP-1 and CDX1 were lower in patients with intestinal-type GC than in patients with IM and dysplasia (both P < 0.05). CKIP-1 and CDX1 expression levels were positively correlated in IM, dysplasia, and intestinal-type GC tissue and cell lines (r = 0.771, P < 0.01; r = 0.597, P < 0.01; r = 0.654, P < 0.01; r = 0.811, P < 0.01, respectively). CDX1 expression was decreased in the CKIP-1 shRNA groups and increased in the CKIP-1 over-expression groups of SGC7901 and BGC823 cells compared to that in the corresponding control groups (both P < 0.05). CKIP-1 expression was negatively correlated with β-catenin expression in intestinal-type GC patients (r = -0.458, P < 0.01). Compared to the control group, β-catenin expression was increased in the CKIP-1 shRNA SGC7901 cell group and decreased in the CKIP-1 over-expression SGC7901 cell group (P < 0.05). CDX1 expression was increased in SGC7901 and BGC823 cells treated with DKK-1, DKK-1 increased CDX1 expression and decreased Ki-67 expression in the CKIP-1 shRNA group; the opposite result was observed in SGC7901 and BGC823 cells treated with LiCl, and LiCl decreased CDX1 expression and increased Ki-67 expression in the CKIP-1 over-expression group (both P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, CKIP-1 may positively regulate CDX1 in intestinal-type GC.

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