Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.677
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862494

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical effects of Yinlian Qufeng decoction in the treatment of chronic urticaria (CU) and the effects on the changes of serum IgE and T cell subsets (CD4+, CD8+). Methods 96 patients were randomly divided into two groups, treatment group and control group, with 48 cases in each group. The treatment group was treated with Yinlian Qufeng decoction, while the control group was treated with desloratadine dispersible tablets for 8 weeks. The clinical symptom score, TCM syndrome score and quality of life [skin disease quality of life index (DLQI)] of the two groups were evaluated before and after treatment. The serum levels of IgE and CD4+ and CD8+ were measured by ELISA and flow cytometry. Clinical effect was observed and the rate of adverse reactions was counted. Results There was no statistically difference between two groups in clinical symptom scores, TCM syndrome scores, DLQI, the levels of IgE, CD4+, CD8+, and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ before treatment (P>0.05). After treatment, the clinical symptoms, TCM syndromes and DLQI were reduced in both groups. The treatment group had lower scores than that in control group with statistical significance(P < 0.05). CD4+ level and ratio of CD4+/CD8+ were increased, while IgE and CD8+ levels were decreased in both groups after treatment with statistical significance (P < 0.01). The changes of above indexes in the treatment group were better than those in the control group with statistical significance (P < 0.01). The effective rates of the two groups were 91.67% and 77.08% and rates of adverse reactions were 6.25% and 20.83% separately with statistical difference (P < 0.05). Conclusion Yinlian Qufeng decoction can effectively regulate the cellular immune function, alleviate the disease symptoms and improve life quality with few adverse reactions. This decoction deserves the promotion for clinical application.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 331-334, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862437

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To assess the efficacy of Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation combined with lens extraction for neovascular glaucoma(NVG)with cataract.<p>METHODS: A retrospective comparative study was designed. 93 patients with NVG were enrolled. All patients received preoperative anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)injections, 41 eyes underwent Ahmed glaucoma valve(AGV)implantation only, and 52 eyes underwent AGV implantation and lens extraction by phacoemusification. The best corrected visual acuities(BCVA), intraocular pressure(IOP), and surgical complications were evaluated.<p>RESULTS: Postoperative visual acuity was improved in 16 eyes(39%), decreased in 14 eyes(34%), unchanged in 11 eyes(27%)in group 2, and 15 eyes(29%)improved,24 eyes(46%)decreased, 13 eyes(25%)unchanged in group 1 respectively(<i>P</i>>0.05). The group 2 demonstrated an 51% complete and 22% qualified success rate and 27% failure rate, and the 44% complete and 25% qualified success rate and 31% failure rate in group 1(<i>P</i>>0.05). Among the complications, fibrous exudation(56%)was the first, hyphema(46%)came second in group 2, while shallow anterior chamber(35%)was the most, fibrous exudations(31%)and anterior chamber hyphema(25%)followed in the group 1. And no tube extrusion serious complication had occurred in both groups(<i>P</i><0.05). No significant differences in postoperative complications were observed between the groups(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: For NVG with cataract, AGV implantation with lens extraction is a priority for reduction of IOP and improvement of visual acuity.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 571-577, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873671

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the activity of lycorine to the in vivo apoptosis of tumor cells in H 22-bearing mice and its mechanism. METHODS :Kunming mice were inoculated subcutaneously with ascites of H 22 hepatoma mice in the armpit of forelimb to establish solid tumor model. After modeling ,mice were randomly divided into negative control group ,positive control group(hydroxycamptothecin 6 mg/kg),lycorine low-dose ,medium-dose and high-dose groups (10,20,40 mg/kg),with 10 mice in each group. Negative control group was given constant volume of normal saline intragastrically ,and administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 7 days. After last medication ,the weight of tumor was detected and anti-tumor rate was calculated. Ascites tumor model of mice was established by intraperitoneal injection of H 22 hepatoma mice ascites ,and then were grouped with same method and given relevant medicine as above. After last medication , survival time of mice was recorded and the life prolongation rate was calculated. The early apoptotic rate of tumor cells in mice was detected by flow cytometry. On the basis of normal control group (normal mice without tumor ),the mitochondrial membrane permeability of tumor cells in each group was investigated by Calcein AM staining. The changes of mitochondrial potential were investigated by Rhodamine 123 staining. Colorimetry and Western blot assay were adopted to detect the Caspase-3 activity and expression of apoptosis-related protein (Bcl-2,Bax,Cyt-C and Caspase- 9). RESULTS :Compared with negative control UN- group,the tumor weight of positive control group and lycorine PYSCT-2017208) groups were decreased significantly ,while the survival time was significantly prolonged ,and the early apoptotic rate of tumor cells was significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01);the anti-tumor rates were 39.41% , 23.36% , 36.50% , 56.93%,and life prolonga tion rates were 49.23%,29.09%, E-mail:ym913@yahoo.com.cn 50.19%,69.08%. Compared with normal control group ,the mitochondrial membrane permeability ,Caspase-3 protein activity and protein expression of Cyt-C and Caspase- 9 were significantly increased,while the mitochondrial membrane potential and Bcl- 2/Bax ratio were decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with negative control group ,mitochondrial membrane permeability and Bcl- 2/Bax ratio were decreased significantly in administration groups ,while mitochondrial permeability ,Caspase-3 protein activity and protein expression of Cyt-C and Caspase- 9 were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :Lycorine can induce the apoptosis of tumor cells in H22-bearing mice ,the effects of which may be associated with opening mitochondrial membrane permeability transition pore to increase mitochondrial permeability , decreasing mitochondrial membrane potential and up-regulating the expression of apoptosis-related proteins.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873625

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and short-term effect of minimally invasive ascending aorta surgery through a right anterior thoracotomy via the second intercostal incision. Methods    The clinical data of 13 patients who underwent minimally invasive ascending aorta surgery (including minimally invasive Bentall operation in 7 patients, minimally invasive Wheat operation in 2 patients, and minimally invasive ascending aorta replacement in 4 patients) through a right anterior thoracotomy via the second intercostal incision in our center from October, 2019 to September, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 12 males and 1 female at age of 19-69 (52.4±13.7) years. Results    The aortic cross-clamping time was 84.3±18.3 min. Three patients received blood transfusion, with the rate of 23.1%. The drainage volume in the first 24 hours after operation was 214.5±146.3 mL, with no redo for bleeding. The duration of mechanical ventilation was 19.0±11.3 hours and the length of intensive care unit stay was 1.8±1.3 days. The drainage tube was removed 2.5±1.0 days after operation. All the 13 patients recovered and discharged 6.4±2.0 days after operation, with no dead patients found. All patients survived with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classⅠandⅡduring a median follow-up of 8 months. Conclusion    Minimally invasive ascending aorta surgery through a right anterior thoracotomy via the second intercostal incision may be a safe and effective method with less injury and quick recovery.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885943

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the method and clinical effect of inferior pedicle flap used in reduction mammoplasty.Methods:From January 2010 to December 2019, 19 patients with moderate to severe macromastia who underwent reduction mammoplasty with inferior pedicle flap were enrolled in this study. The method of inferior pedicle flap was based on Robbins vertical inferior pedicle flap. New position of nipple areola and inferior pedicle flap were designed in terms of the breast anatomy.Results:A total of 19 patients (38 breasts) were included in this study. The average tissue reduction of one side breast was 570 g (385 g to 1 525 g). After operation, all patients were satisfied with natural appearance and nipple erection effect. There were no operation-related complications including nipple-areola necrosis. After 6 months to 8 years following-up, No inverted T hypertrophic scar occurred. Hyperpigmentation occurred on two patients with dark-skinned. The position of bilateral nipples and areola was higher in 1 patient after operation. The other 18 patients were satisfied with the position and shape of nipples and areola.Conclusions:It is a good choice for patients with moderate to severe macromastia to receive reduction mammoplasty with inferior pedicle flap. Through the method, large amount of breast tissue reduction and stable blood supply of nipple and areola complex could be obtained.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics and surgical treatment experience of pregnant women with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection.Methods:From January 2005 to December 2018, a total of 12 patients with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection were treated in Zhongshan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University. Two patients died of sudden aortic dissection rupture during emergency CTA examination. The other 10 patients underwent surgical treatment, the age was 22-40 years[mean(30.7±5.8) years], the pregnancy was 15-39 weeks[mean(28.8±6.5) weeks], two cases in the second trimester of pregnancy, seven cases in the third trimester of pregnancy and one case in puerperium. Among them, seven cases were Marfan syndrome, one case was bicuspid aortic valve malformation, two cases were complicated with pregnancy hypertension.Results:One case died during perioperative period and died of rupture of abdominal aortic dissection in twelfth day after operation. One fetus was diagnosed as stillborn before operation. Before December 2013, six patients underwent surgeries, the mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was(96.8±16.5)min, aortic occlusion time was(70.8±19.3)min, intensive care unit time was(3.4±2.3) days, ventilator-assisted mechanical ventilation time was(21.6±15.6)h. After January 2014, four patients underwent surgeries, the mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was(202.3±6.4)min, the aortic cross-blocking time was(137.5±10.3)min, circulatory arrest time was(27.3±8.8)min, intensive care unit time was(12.0±5.7) days, and the ventilator-assisted mechanical ventilation time was(40.3±24.4)h. The postoperative complications included tracheotomy in two cases, hemodialysis in one case, poor wound healing in one case. One patient who had been treated with Bentall was followed up to sixth year and died of progressive rupture of descending arch dissection. One patient was followed up to seventh year after Bentall surgery, redo Bentall and Sun’s procedure were performed because of artificial valve infection, and was discharged uneventful. No adverse cardiovascular events occurred in other patients.Conclusion:Surgical treatment should be actively considered in pregnancy complicated with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection. Multi-disciplinary team cooperation can effectively improve the safety and effect of operation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of modified technique of ureter implantation in murine renal transplantation.Methods:Thirty left donor kidneys from BALB/c mice was transplanted into syngeneic mice. Cuff technique was applied for anastomosing kidney artery and vein. The procedure of ureter-bladder anastomoses shifted from implication-fixation-embedding to fixation-implication-embedding. Operative duration, recipient survival rate and complications were recorded.Results:Time for separating vessels, perfusion and excision of donor graft was (25±3) min, (10±6) s for warm ischemia and (25±5) min for cold ischemia. Time for separating recipient vessels was (12±5) min, (7±1) min for arterial anastomosis, (7±1) min for venous anastomosis, (13±2) min for ureter-bladder anastomosis, (5±1) min for right kidney excision and (5±1) min for abdominal closure. Operative duration was(77±3)min. Twenty-six recipients survived over 3 months. The successful operative rate was 86.7%.Conclusions:With a shorter learning curve, modified technique of ureter implantation is easier and faster so as to reduce the postoperative incidence of urinary tract complications during murine renal transplantation.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885303

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of dual-kidney transplantation from infant donors to adult recipients.Methods:From December 2012 to November 2020 in Organ Transplant Center First Affiliated Hospital Sun Yat-sen University, rertrospective reviews were conducted for clinical data of 25 pairs of infant donors and adult recipients. The survival rates were calculated for both recipients and transplanted kidneys at Year 1/3/5 post-transplantation. And the postoperative recovery status and the postoperative incidence of adverse events of recipients were observed.Results:The survival rates of recipients were all 95.8% at Year 1/3/5 and those of transplanted kidney and dealth-cancelling transplanted kidney all 87.2%. One case died due to acute inferior-wall cardiac infarction while three others lost renal functions for vascular thrombosis, ureteral stenosis and urinary fistula. Except for loss of renal function and death, the postoperative estimated golmerular fitration rate was (99.35±21.78), (103.11±29.20) and (114.99±28.55) ml/(min·1.73 m 2) at Year 1/2/3 respectively. Conclusions:Selecting proper recipients, standardizing donor acquisition and surgical procedures and strengthening perioperative managements may expand the donor pool. The overall outcomes are excellent for adult recipients with dual-kidney transplantation from donations after infants' death.

9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 313-317, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885218

ABSTRACT

Melanoma is a highly malignant immunogenic tumor. Although immunotherapy represented by immune checkpoint inhibitors can markedly improve the survival rate of patients with metastatic melanoma, nearly half of patients are still tolerant or resistant to immunotherapy, with high incidence of immune-related adverse reactions. This review focuses on the key difficulties in tolerance, resistance and immune-related adverse reactions to current melanoma immunotherapy, and summarizes corresponding strategies and research advances. By intervening in the immunosuppressive microenvironment in melanoma, screening precise biomarkers, and optimizing immunotherapy-based combination strategies, the problem of tolerance and resistance to immunotherapy can be solved. Moreover, the combination of traditional immunotherapy and nanotechnology can also greatly reduce the occurrence of immune-related adverse reactions. In the future, more extensive and in-depth research on the tumor immune microenvironment will help to explore the best immunotherapy regimens for melanoma.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885065

ABSTRACT

Postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) can lead to adverse clinical outcomes in patients, such as prolonged hospital stay, increased medical costs, and severe economic burden on patients and on society.In addition, it may also cause nosocomial cross-infection.Therefore, it has aroused the high attention of medical workers.The development of SSI is closely related to a variety of factors, including patient factors, such as blood glucose levels, smoking, systemic use of steroids, obesity and malnutrition, and perioperative related factors, such as long preoperative hospital stay, preoperative skin preparation and prophylactic use of antibiotics of patients, hand hygiene and asepsis principles of medical staff, operation-related factors, anesthetic management and operation related factors, operating room environment factors and postoperative factors.Through reading a large number of relevant literatures published in recent years and according to the work characteristics of anesthesiologists, the author summarized the influential factors and preventive measures for postoperative SSI for the reference of fellow doctors.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a prognostic model of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with differential expression of autophagy genes.Method:Autophagy genes expression data of HCC and normal liver tissues were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and The Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) database respectively. The gene expression data from different platforms is normalized into log 2(FPKM value + 1). Differentially expressed autophagy-related genes of HCC were identified by using R program limma package from the TCGA-GTEx combined data set, the criteria of |logFC| > 1 and FDR < 0.05 was deemed to be of statistically significance. The Gene Ontology (GO) analyses and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses were performed by using R program clusterProfiler package, as criteria of P<0.05. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed by using R program survival package to identify the HCC potential prognostic differentially expressed autophagy-related genes. Furthermore, the statistically significant ( P<0.05) autophagy genes in the univariate Cox regression analysis were included in the multivariate Cox regression analysis, and the expression of each differentially expressed autophagy gene and the corresponding regression coefficient coef value based on this, the autophagy gene prognosis model of HCC was constructed: expmRNA1×βmRNA1+ expmRNA2×βmRNA2+ …+ expmRNAn×βmRNAn (exp: gene expression level; β: regression coefficient coef of multivariate Cox regression analysis). Draw the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the predictive model and calculate the area under curve (AUC) to evaluate the predictive value of the model. Results:The genes expression data and clinical information of 374 HCC samples and 160 normal liver tissue samples were obtained from TCGA and GTEx databases. Total 205 autophagy genes expression data was obtained from the TCGA-GTEx combined sequence. Among them, SPNS1, DIRAS3, TMEM74, NRG2, NRG1, IRGM, IKBKE, NKX2-3, BIRC5, CDKN2A, TP73 are differentially expressed autophagy genes that meet the screening criteria. GO analysis mainly enriched in "regulation of protein serine/threonine kinase activity" , "ErbB 2 signaling pathway" , "protein kinase regulator activity" and "kinase regulator activity" ; KEGG analysis enriched frequently in "EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance" , "Hippo signaling pathway" . After integrating and deleting samples with missing survival information, a total of 418 sample expressions were included in the Cox regression analysis. After univariate and multivariate Cox risk regression analysis, the two autophagy genes NRG1 ( HR=1.5565, 95% CI: 1.1793-2.0543) and IKBKE ( HR=1.7502, 95% CI: 1.2093-2.5330) were screened out and a prognostic prediction model was established: (0.44247 × NRG1 expression level) + (0.55977 × IKBKE expression level). The ROC of the prognosis model shows that the AUC of the overall seven-year survival is 0.711. Conclusion:The prognosis model of HCC based on NRG1 and IKBKE has high predictive value for the long-term survival rate of hepatocellular carcinoma patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 288-292, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884425

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the accurate puncture during sacral neuromodulation (SNM) guided with 3D printing navigation template based on reconstruction techniques using fusing sacral CT and MRI images.Methods:Totally 42 patients operated with SNM were selected in Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University from July 2016 to August 2017. The patients were randomly divided into control group ( n=22) and experimental group ( n=20) using random number table. The conventional cross-positioning technique under X-ray was used for puncture during SNM in the control group. While in the experimental group, the sacral CT and MRI images were fused for reconstruction and design of the navigation template, printed by 3D technique for the puncture in SNM. The times of punctures, the average time for puncture operation, the time of intraoperative testing of the stimulator device, the minimum onset voltage of the stimulator, the X-ray radiation dose, postoperative curative effect (rate of secondary transformation) and the incidence rate of complications were compared between the two methods using independent-simple t test or χ 2 test. Results:Compared to control group, fewer times of punctures, shorter time needed for puncture operation, shorter time of intraoperative testing of the stimulator, smaller radiation dose and minimum effective voltage were found in the experimental group ( P<0.05). There were 15 and 16 patients who completed the secondary transformation in the control group and experimental group, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (χ2=0.757, P=0.384). There were 3 cases of complications in the control group, including 2 cases of infection and 1 case of bleeding, while no complications in the experimental group. Conclusions:CT and MRI images fusion reconstruction-guided 3D printing navigation template can help perform accurate and safe punctures in SNM. Compared to conventional puncture positioned under X-ray, it can effectively improve the puncture efficiency, and reduce the radiation dose in the operation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884217

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate Masquelet technique plus flap transfer in repair of tibial infected defects complicated with extensive soft tissue defects in the lower leg.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed in the 23 patients who had been treated by Masquelet technique plus flap transfer at Institute of Orthopedics and Trauma, 920 Hospital for tibial infected defects complicated with extensive soft tissue defects in the lower leg from March 2016 to June 2019. They were 15 males and 8 females, aged from 18 to 59 years (average, 38.4 years). The duration of disease ranged from 6 to 312 months (average, 23.6 months). All patients underwent surgery by 2 stages:1) debridement, locking compression plate fixation, formation of induced membrane by antibiotic-loaded bone cement, and repair of soft tissue defects with lower leg flaps; 2) removal of bone cement and fixation 6 to 8 weeks after infection control, fixation of broken ends after rinse, followed by grafting of cancellous bone particles in the induced membrane. The area of wound soft tissue defects after debridement ranged from 4.0 cm × 3.5 cm to 18.0 cm × 6.0 cm, and the length of bone defects from 6 to 12 cm (average, 8.4 cm). Locally grafted were pedicled fasciocutaneous flap in 4 cases, sural nerve nutrition skin flap in 9 cases (including 4 anterograde and 5 retrograde ones), saphenous nerve nutrition vascular flap in 7 cases (including 2 anterograde and 5 retrograde ones), retrograde superficial peroneal nerve nutrient vessel flap in one and free flap in 2 cases. The curative efficacy was evaluated according to the Paley fracture healing scores.Results:All the 23 patients were followed up for 9 to 46 months (average, 15.6 months). Flaps healed by the first stage in 18 cases and after skin grafting in 3 cases; skin flap transfer was conducted again in 2 cases. Infection was controlled in 21 cases but recurred in 2 cases at 9 and 14 months respectively after secondary surgery. The time for bone reunion ranged from 4 to 11 months (average, 6.2 months). According to the Paley criteria for fracture healing, 21 cases were excellent, one was good and one poor.Conclusion:In the treatment of tibial infected defects complicated with extensive soft tissue defects, Masquelet technique plus transfer of a variety of lower leg flaps can result in reliable outcomes because it controls infection, promotes formation of complete induced membrane and accelerates the process of bone reconstruction along with repair of soft tissue defects.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883840

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical significance of the combined detection of Clara cell secretory protein 16 (CC16) and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end product (sRAGE) in the diagnosis and prognosis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods:100 ARDS patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Chu Hsien-I Memorial Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from July 2019 to September 2020 were enrolled as the ARDS group, and 100 non-ARDS patients admitted to the ICU during the same period were enrolled as the control group. The general information, vital signs, blood gas analysis, serum CC16 and sRAGE levels, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of ICU stay and prognosis during hospitalization were collected. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn and the area under ROC curve (AUC) was calculated to evaluate the clinical value of CC16 and sRAGE lonely or combination in the diagnosis and prognosis of ARDS.Results:The duration of mechanical ventilation in the ARDS group was significantly longer than that in the non-ARDS group (days: 15.44±3.04 vs. 12.61±3.73, P < 0.01), and the hospitalization mortality was higher (38.0% vs. 9.0%, P < 0.01), but there was no significant difference in gender, age, body mass index (BMI), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score or the length of ICU stay between the two groups. There were 62 ARDS patients survived and 38 ARDS patients died during hospitalization. The APACHEⅡ score of the death group was significantly higher than that of the survival group (23.55±2.83 vs. 19.40±4.10, P < 0.01), but there was no significant difference in age, BMI, oxygenation index, mean arterial pressure, duration of mechanical ventilation or the length of ICU stay between the two groups. The serum levels of CC16 and sRAGE in the ARDS group were significantly higher than those in the non-ARDS group [CC16 (mg/L): 38.78±14.70 vs. 21.87±2.45, sRAGE (pg/L): 2 470.95±288.70 vs. 2 013.22±131.15, both P < 0.01]; and the serum levels of CC16 and sRAGE of ARDS patients in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group [CC16 (mg/L): 42.02±10.81 vs. 30.52±9.47, sRAGE (pg/L): 2 638.34±324.07 vs. 2 279.91±163.70, both P < 0.01]. ROC curve showed that the AUC of CC16 and sRAGE in the diagnosis of ARDS alone were 0.859 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.808-0.911] and 0.821 (95% CI was 0.762-0.879), and the best cut-off values were 25.76 mg/L and 2 203.00 pg/L, respectively; the AUC of combined detection of CC16 and sRAGE was 0.932 (95% CI was 0.900-0.965) with the sensitivity of 89.0% and the specificity of 87.6%. The AUC of CC16 and sRAGE in predicting the death of patients with ARDS during hospitalization were 0.747 (95% CI was 0.651-0.843) and 0.819 (95% CI was 0.737-0.902), and the best cut-off values were 32.95 mg/L and 2 554.50 pg/L, respectively; the AUC of combined detection of CC16 and sRAGE was 0.900 (95% CI was 0.828-0.972) with the sensitivity of 88.7% and the specificity of 84.5%. Conclusions:Serum CC16 and sRAGE have clinical value for the diagnosis and prognosis of ARDS. The combined detection of them is superior to individual detection for early prediction of ARDS and prognosis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 399-403, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between fluoride intake and serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in pregnant women of different gestational periods in endemic fluorosis area.Methods:Pregnant women in Rencheng District, Jinxiang County, Jiaxiang County of Jining City and Yuncheng County of Heze City were selected in April 2020. According to the gestational weeks, pregnant women were divided into early pregnancy group (0 - 12 weeks), middle pregnancy group (13 - 27 weeks) and late pregnancy group (> 27 weeks). The levels of urinary fluoride, ALP, osteocalcin (BGP), C-terminal peptide of β-Ⅰ collagen (β-CTX) and N-terminal propeptide of type Ⅰ collagen (PINP) of pregnant women in each group were measured, and the correlation between urinary fluoride and ALP, BGP, β-CTX, and PINP in pregnant women of different gestational periods was analyzed.Results:A total of 372 pregnant women were selected, including 97 cases in early pregnancy group, 169 cases in middle pregnancy group and 106 cases in late pregnancy group. There was no significant difference in urinary fluoride level between the three groups [(1.20 ± 0.25), (1.23 ± 0.19), (1.24 ± 0.30) mg/L, P > 0.05]. There was significant difference in serum ALP among the three groups ( P < 0.05), among them, the ALP level in early pregnancy was significantly lower than those of middle pregnancy group and late pregnancy group ( P < 0.05), and the ALP level in middle pregnancy was significantly lower than that of late pregnancy group ( P < 0.05). There was no significant differences in serum β-CTX among the three groups ( P > 0.05). There were significant differences in serum BGP and PINP levels among the three groups ( P < 0.05). The serum BGP and PINP levels in late pregnancy group were significantly higher than those of early pregnancy group and middle pregnancy group ( P < 0.05), and there were no significant differences in serum BGP and PINP levels between early pregnancy group and middle pregnancy group ( P < 0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between urinary fluoride and ALP in early pregnancy group ( r = 0.364, P < 0.05), but no significant correlation between urinary fluoride and BGP, β-CTX and PINP ( r = 0.164, 0.117, 0.136, P > 0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between urinary fluoride level and ALP in middle pregnancy group ( r = 0.417, P < 0.05), but no significant correlation between urinary fluoride level and BGP, β-CTX and PINP ( r = 0.127, 0.108, 0.129, P > 0.05). There was no significant correlation between urinary fluoride level and ALP, BGP, β-CTX and PINP in late pregnancy group ( r = 0.179, 0.158, 0.184, 0.149, P > 0.05). Conclusions:The urinary fluoride level of pregnant women in endemic fluorosis area is relatively stable in gestational period. The urinary fluoride level affects the ALP secretion of pregnant women in early and middle pregnancy. It is still necessary to strengthen the measures of improving water quality and defluoridation to reduce the impact of excessive fluoride intake on pregnancy complications in endemic fluorosis area.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883662

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of different doses of sodium arsenic (NaAsO 2) on mRNA transcription levels of nucleotide excision repair (NER) related genes in normal hepatocytes (L-02 cells) and the modification levels of histone H3 ninth lysine dimethylization (H3K9me2) in the promoter region. Methods:L-02 cells were treated with 0 (the control group) , 5, 10 and 20 μmol/L NaAsO 2 for 24 h ( n = 3). Single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) was used to detect DNA damage [Olive tail distance (OTM) and Tail DNA percentage (Tail DNA%)] in L-02 cells. The mRNA expression levels of Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) gene A (XPA), XP gene D (XPD) and XP gene F (XPF) were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The modification levels of H3K9me2 in XPA, XPD and XPF gene promoter regions (CHIP1 and CHIP2) were detected by quantitative chromatin immunoprecipitation. Results:OTM and Tail DNA% were positively correlated with arsenic doses (in the control and 5, 10 and 20 μmol/L arsenic exposure groups, the values were 0.35 ± 0.09, 0.56 ± 0.18, 3.18 ± 0.31, 4.52 ± 0.55, 0.72 ± 0.05, 1.34 ± 0.26, 3.93 ± 0.43, 5.47 ± 0.65, respectively, r = 0.927, 0.948, P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression levels of XPA, XPD and XPF in L-02 cells of 10 and 20 μmol/L arsenic exposure groups were significantly lower ( P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the enrichment levels of H3K9me2 in XPA, XPD and XPF gene promoter regions (CHIP1 and CHIP2) in L-02 cells of 20 μmol/L arsenic exposure group were significantly higher ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:Arsenic may inhibit the transcription of NER related genes by increasing the enrichment level of H3K9me2 in the promoter regions (CHIP1 and CHIP2) of NER related genes, thereby reduce the DNA damage repair ability of L-02 cells, resulting in the aggravation of DNA damage.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882573

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndromes in sepsis patients with different blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels.Methods:From January 2017 to December 2018, 252 sepsis patients, who were admitted in the Department of Intensive Care Unit of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine (Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine) and met the inclusion criteria, were divided into lower level group (BUN<9.25 mmol/L) and higher level group (BUN≥9.25 mmol/L) according to BUN levels. The baseline data, complications, infection sites and other data were collected. TCM syndromes were judged according to the four diagnostic information of TCM and BUN levels. Variables with P<0.2 in univariate analysis were introduced as candidate variables, and the correlation between TCM syndrome elements and BUN was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Results:The comparison of TCM syndromes showed that the proportion of blood stasis syndrome in higher level group was significantly higher than that of the lower level group [74.60% (94/126) vs. 53.17% (67/126), P<0.01)], and the proportion of toxic heat syndrome in the higher level group was significantly lower than that of the lower level group [52.38% (66/126) vs. 65.87% (83/126), P=0.029]. The comparison of TCM deficiency syndromes showed that the proportion of qi deficiency syndrome and yang deficiency syndrome in the higher level group was significantly higher than that of the lower level group [67.46% (85/126) vs. 45.24% (57/126), P<0.01; 11.90% (15/126) vs. 3.97% (5/126), P=0.032, respectively]. Logistic regression analysis showed that the higher blood urea nitrogen level was correlated with the increased incidence of qi deficiency syndrome ( OR=3.425, 95% CI: 1.934-6.068, P<0.01), yang deficiency syndrome ( OR=3.460, 95% CI: 1.160-10.325, P=0.026) and kidney deficiency syndrome ( OR=2.212, 95% CI: 1.173-4.173, P=0.014) in sepsis patients. Conclusion:Sepsis patients with higher blood urea nitrogen level have a higher proportion of blood stasis syndrome, qi deficiency syndrome and yang deficiency syndrome and may be related to the increased incidence of qi deficiency syndrome, yang deficiency syndrome and kidney deficiency syndrome.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882554

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of biomarkers in patients with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) after intervention with Salvianolate.Methods:A total 81 patients with NSTEMI who met the inclusion criteria from January 2016 to December 2019 were randomly divided into two groups. The control group dropped 6 cases, the treatment group dropped 6 cases, and finally each group had 35 cases. The control group was treated with conventional medicine therapy, and the treatment group was treated by intravenous drip of 0.9% NS 250 ml + Salvianolate on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated continuously for 10 days. The latex immunoturbidimetric method was used to detect hypersensitive-C-Reactive-Protein (hs-CRP), double antibodysandwich immune chemiluminescence method for procalcitonin (PCT), electrochemiluminescence method for N-Terminal pro-B-type Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP), coagulation method for plasma fibrinogen (FIB), and immunoassay for D-dimer. The number of episodes of angina pectoris after infarction, recurring myocardial infarction, malignant arrhythmia, and death in the hospital were recorded and collected during the hospitalization period (0-10 d).Results:After treatment, hs-CRP (2.46 ± 1.76 mg/L vs. 3.45 ± 0.67 mg/L, t=2.324), PCT (0.52 ± 0.30 ng/L vs. 0.11 ± 0.08 ng/L, t=2.059), FIB (1.30 ± 0.63 g/L vs. 1.97 ± 0.67 g/L, t=2.168) in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05). After treatment, the level of NT-proBNP and D-dimer showed a downward trend, but there was no statistically significant difference within and between groups ( P>0.05). During hospitalization, the number of angina pectoris after infarction in the treatment group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( t=4.019, P=0.045), while the incidence of acute heart failure, recurring myocardial infarction, malignant arrhythmia and death in the hospital showed no significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Salvianolate can reduce the inflammatory response of NSTEMI patients on the basis of western medicine, relieve the hypercoagulable state, and reduce the number of angina pectoris after infarction.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a comet test method for detection of genotoxicity of three reference chemicals in rat liver cells. Methods:6-10 week old Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, with normal saline (0.9% NaCl solution) as negative control group. Animals in three test groups were treated, respectively, with ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) 200 mg/kg, N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) 50 mg/kg, and D-mannitol 2 000 mg/kg. There were 10 animals in each group, 5 males and 5 females. The animals received two times (21 h interval) of test compounds through intragastric administration, and their clinical symptoms and body weight changes were recorded during the experiment. The rats were sacrificed 3 h after the last exposure. The liver was weighed, then used to prepare single-cell suspensions for the alkaline comet test which determines the average tail DNA content percentage (DNA%) of hepatocytes and other comet indicators. Results:(1) D-mannitol, EMS and MNU did not show significant toxicity in the whole animal. (2) The mean values of tail DNA content percentage (DNA%) of rat hepatocytes in EMS [(60.07±24.69)%] and MNU [(41.66±22.35)%] groups were higher than that in the negative control group [(2.32±1.39)%] and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The difference between D-mannitol group [(3.06±3.30)%] and the negative control group was not significant (P>0.05). Conclusion:This laboratory has established a comet test method using hepatocytes from treated rats. Among three testing chemicals, EMS and MNU have displayed genotoxicity by this assay, but no genotoxicity was observed in D-mannitol treated animals.

20.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 251-257, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881017

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of moxibustion on sarcomas from mesenchymal tissues, which have a low response rate to chemotherapy and radiotherapy.@*METHODS@#S180 sarcoma cell line was inoculated in C57BL/6 mice to form transplanted tumor. Moxibustion therapy was directly applied at the transplanted tumor sites, at a distance of 3.0 cm, 10 min per session, till skin temperature reached 45 °C, once a day, for 14 consecutive days of intervention. After the mice were killed, serum was collected and used to detect concentrations of interleukin-10 (IL-10), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), IL-4 and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) by Luminex liquid suspension chip. The numbers of Treg@*RESULTS@#Weight of S180 transplanted tumor in the control group was (2.03 ± 0.54) g, and that in the moxibustion group was (1.27 ± 0.29) g, which was statistically different (P = 0.023). The mean value of Foxp3@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion may have therapeutic effects on sarcomas by reducing the number of Treg cells in the blood and controlling the infiltration of Treg cells in the TME.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL