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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920390

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the viral infection subtypes and epidemiological characteristics of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) in Beijing area in 2020, and to provide references for URTI specific treatment and vaccination. Methods A total of 22 318 patients with URTI in Beijing area from January 2020 to December 2020 were enrolled in the study. Basic demographic information and clinical characteristics of the patients were collected, and their respiratory tract samples were collected. Eight major respiratory viruses (including respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza virus, adenovirus, coronavirus, influenza virus, rhinovirus, bocavirus, and metapneumovirus) in the respiratory samples were detected by PCR. The pathogen composition and epidemiological characteristics of URTI were analyzed. Results ① Among the 22 318 cases of URTI, most of them were children under 5 years old and elderly patients over 70 years old, accounting for 25.02% and 19.43%, respectively; ② URTI mainly occurred in spring (35.71%) and winter (37.35%); ③ The total positive rate of respiratory virus was 49.35%, among which 45.42% were infected with single virus, 3.30% were infected with two viruses, and 0.63% were infected with three or more viruses; ④ Respiratory syncytial virus (49.35%) had the highest detection rate, followed by parainfluenza virus (12.98%), rhinovirus (9.48%), influenza virus (8.40%), adenovirus (6.01%), bocavirus (4.43%), coronavirus (3.97%), and metapneumovirus (2.90%); ⑤ The detection rates of respiratory syncytial virus and parainfluenza virus in children aged 0-5 years old and the elderly aged over 71 years old were higher than those in other age groups, while the detection rates of other pathogens of all age groups were similar; ⑥ Among 22,318 URTI patients, 290 cases were complicated with pneumonia, with a complication rate of 1.300%. The complication rate of pneumonia in patients with positive virus pathogens was significantly higher than that in patients with negative virus pathogens (χ2=18.011, P2=884.085, P<0.05). Conclusion Children under 5 years old and the elderly over 70 years old are the high-risk population of URTI, and URTI mainly occurs in spring and winter. Respiratory syncytial virus and parainfluenza virus are the main pathogens leading to URTI, and patients with virus infection and mixed virus infection suffer a higher risk of pneumonia.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 299-307, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913087

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establi sh the method for the con tent determination of 11 components in Terminalia chebula from different origins ,and to provide reference for their quality evaluation and superior provenance screening. METHODS Taking 16 batches of T. chebula from different origins as test samples ,high performance liquid chromatography tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry was established to determine the contents of 11 components,such as vitexin ,gallic acid ,methyl gallate ,ethyl gallate,ellagic acid ,corilagin,shikimic acid ,ferulic acid ,luteolin,quercetin and rutin. The determination was performed on Shim-pack GIST-HP C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid solution-methanol at the flow rate of 0.25 mL/ min(gradient elution ). The sample size was 3 μL,and the column temperature was 35 ℃. Electrospray ionization source was used in positive and negative ion mode ,with multiple reaction monitoring. The atomized gas flow rate was 3 L/min,the heating gas flow rate was 10 L/min,the interface temperature was 300 ℃,the desolvent temperature was 526 ℃,and the heating block temperature was 400 ℃ . Grey correlation analysis (GRA)and technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS)methods were used to compare ,analyze and comprehensively evaluate T. chebula from different origins. RESULTS The results of content determination methodology met the relevant requirements. The contents of 11 components in 16 batches of T. chebula were 7.27-106.38,5 370.24-31 010.43,21.42-1 097.50,4.26-111.09,17 940.42-38 490.18,6 247.26-40 182.18,12 125.94- 209 519.96,2.71-9.04,0.24-44.12,1.49-9.17 and 25.35-126.51 μg/g,respectively. The results of GRA and TOPSIS analysis showed that the comprehensive qualities of sample H 12(from Yunnan ),H11(from Guangxi ),H5(from Hunan ),H14(from Guangdong),H13(from Sichuan ),H8(from Guangdong ),H1(from Yunnan )were better. CONCLUSIONS The established method is fast ,sensitive and reliable ,and can be suitable for comprehensive evaluation of the internal quality and superior provenance screening of T. chebula .

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913003

ABSTRACT

@#Chest wall surgery used to be a subspecialty of traditional thoracic surgery, which has an ancient history of research and clinical practice. It has gradually become an independent professional field in recent years. With the change of concept and the progress of interdisciplines, we have deepened our understanding of related diseases, and the treatment of chest wall surgical diseases has also acquired new characteristics. This article reviews the progress in the treatment of chest wall surgical diseases including chest wall trauma, chest wall deformity, chest wall tumor, chest wall infection and chest wall defect from the perspective of chest wall surgery.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1630-1633, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942830

ABSTRACT

Posterior cataract opacification(PCO)is the epithelial-mesenchymal transformation(EMT)of residual lens epithelial cells(LECs)after cataract surgery, resulting in opaque scar which is one of the main complications of cataract surgery. A large amount of fibronectin(FN)produced by LECs after cataract surgery binds to a variety of cell surface receptors, matrix components and growth factors to regulate cell behavior. The purpose of this article is to review the literatures on the treatment of PCO targeting fibronectin and provide references for clinical treatment of PCO. In this paper, the research status of fibronectin in PCO in recent years is reviewed.

5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 585-590, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940892

ABSTRACT

Objective: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of lipoprotein apheresis (LA) in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) who can't reach low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C) target goals with the maximal tolerated dose of lipid-lowering agents. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study. Between February 2015 and November 2019, patients with FH who were admitted in Fuwai hospital and treated with LA were consecutively enrolled. Based on intensive lipid-lowering agents, these patients received LA by double filtration plasma pheresis (DFPP) method. The changes of lipid levels such as LDL-C and lipoprotein(a)[Lp(a)] were compared before and after LA treatment, and the changes of immunoglobulin (Ig) concentration and LA-related adverse effects were also discussed. Results: A total of 115 patients with FH were enrolled in this study, of which 8 cases were homozygous FH and 107 cases were heterozygous FH. The age was (43.9±12.2) years and there were 75 (65.2%) males, and 108 (93.8%) with coronary artery disease. For pre-and immediately after LA treatment, the LDL-C was (5.20±2.94) mmol/L vs. (1.83±1.08) mmol/L, Lp(a) concentration was 428.70(177.00, 829.50)mg/L vs. 148.90(75.90, 317.00) mg/L (P<0.001), with a decrease of 64.2% and 59.8% respectively. The levels of IgG and IgA measured 1 day after LA treatment were both in the normal range and IgM concentration was below the reference value, the reductions of which were 15.1%, 25.0% and 58.7% respectively (P<0.001). Six patients had mild symptoms of nausea, hypotension dyspnea and palpitation, the symptoms were relieved by symptomatic treatment. Conclusion: For patients with FH who do not achieve LDL-C target goal with the maximal tolerated lipid-lowering agents, especially those with elevated Lp(a) levels, LA, which can significantly further reduce LDL-C and Lp(a) levels, is an effective and safe option.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Component Removal/methods , Cholesterol, LDL , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II/therapy , Lipoprotein(a)/chemistry , Lipoproteins/chemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940704

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the influencing factors of intestinal metaplasia or atypical hyperplasia in chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) patients and establish a prediction model. MethodThe clinical records and laboratory examination data of 335 CAG patients treated in the department of gastroenterology of the Second Affiliated Hospital of the Anhui University of Chinese Medicine from June 2016 to June 2021 were collected. Single and multiple Logistic regression analyses were used to explore the influencing factors of intestinal metaplasia or atypical hyperplasia in CAG patients by SPSS 26.0. A prediction model was constructed based on the data of the related influencing factors. In addition, 115 CAG patients diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from June 2019 to June 2021 were selected as external validation samples to verify and evaluate the prediction efficiency of the constructed prediction model. ResultMultiple Logistic regression analysis showed that pepsinogen Ⅰ[odds ratio(OR) 0.994,95% confidence interval(CI) (0.990,0.999),P<0.05],the number of focus[OR 6.765,95% CI(3.831,11.945),P<0.01], and Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection[OR 0.546,95% CI(0.335,0.888),P<0.05] were independent risk factors for intestinal metaplasia or atypical hyperplasia in CAG patients(P<0.05). The formula of the prediction model is as follows:P=-1.558+0.606×Hp infection-0.006×pepsinogen Ⅰ+1.912×the number of focus. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed the specific parameters as below: the area under the ROC curve of 0.76,the Youden index of 0.443,the best cut-off value of 0.52,sensitivity of 0.533,and specificity of 0.910. The prediction model was applied to the data of patients in the validation group for validation,and the predictive efficiency of the model was tested by decision curve analysis (DCA). The results showed that the model had a good fit and high predictive value. ConclusionPepsinogen Ⅰ,the number of focus, and Hp infection are independent risk factors for intestinal metaplasia or atypical hyperplasia in CAG patients. The prediction model constructed based on these factors has a good fit and high predictive value,which can provide references for the classification of CAG patients and the formulation of individual treatment protocols.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940568

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the effective components of Periploca forrestii against rheumatoid arthritis(RA)by targeting tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α based on network pharmacology and experimental verification. MethodThe preliminary research of the research group found that the alcohol extracts of P. forrestii (CDLF and CQAF) had significant anti-RA activities,and 10 monomers with such activities were identified. The anti-RA activities of active monomers,CDLF, and CQAF were compared by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)with interleukin(IL)-6,nitric oxide (NO),IL-1β, and prostaglandin E2(PGE2)as indicators. Network pharmacology was employed to analyze the possible molecular mechanism of P. forrestii against RA. The targeting ability of P. forrestii chemical monomers to TNF-α was verified by TNF-α molecular docking,surface plasmon resonance (SPR), and TNF-α-induced L929 injury model. ResultELISA showed that the anti-RA activities of CDLF and CQAF were significantly stronger than those of identified 10 active monomers. Network pharmacology analysis showed that the core targets of P. forrestii against RA were signal transducer and activator of transcription protein 3 (STAT3),TNF, and IL-6. Gene Ontology(GO) analysis revealed collagen catabolism,inflammatory response,positive regulation of nuclear factor kappa-B(NF-κB) transcription factor activity,and positive regulation of B cell proliferation. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (EKGG) pathway enrichment analysis demonstrated TNF signaling pathway,phosphoinositide 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt) signaling pathway,NF-κB signaling pathway,Toll-like receptor signaling pathway,mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) signaling pathway, etc. Verification experiments by TNF-α molecular docking,SPR, and TNF-α-induced L929 injury model found that CDLF and CQAF had good binding activities and could manifestly antagonize TNF-α. However, the active components separated and identified from CDLF and CQAF did not show the same anti-TNF-α activity. ConclusionThe CDLF and CQAF of P. forrestii may treat RA by targeting TNF-α. The experiments found that the isolated chemical components had weaker binding activity to TNF-α than CDLF and CQAF. Meanwhile,the research group isolated chemical components with a minimum mass fraction of 0.25 ng·g-1 from P. forrestii, which suggested that the active components generated by binding to TNF-α with anti-RA activities were presumedly trace components .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940436

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the common syndromes of patients with cerebral infarction in rural areas of eastern Henan based on latent structure model and factor analysis,and provide reference for clinical differentiation of cerebral infarction. MethodThe data samples of patients with cerebral infarction in rural areas in eastern Henan were preprocessed. With Lantern 5.0 of latent structure method and LTM-EAST algorithm of two-step latent tree analysis, the manifest variable latent structure model of related symptoms was built to interpret different latent nodes, and common syndromes of cerebral infarction were obtained via comprehensive cluster analysis. SPSS 20.0 was used for factor analysis and cluster analysis of related symptoms to infer the distribution of syndrome types. ResultThe data of 888 patients with cerebral infarction were included, involving symptoms, tongue and pulse (88 in total). The 65 symptoms with a frequency of ≥5% were constructed into a latent structure model, and 31 latent variables were obtained. The Bayesian information criterion (BIC) score was -15 367.17. Based on professional knowledge, s6 common syndrome types were found, namely, syndrome of upward disturbance of wind-fire, Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals, syndrome of phlegm-heat and fu-organ excess, syndrome of wind phlegm obstructing collaterals, and syndrome of stirring wind due to yin deficiency. In factor analysis, the symptoms with a frequency of >10% were selected, and 13 common factors were obtained and used for systematic cluster analysis. And 5 syndrome types were inferred: syndrome of wind phlegm obstructing collaterals, syndrome of phlegm-heat and fu-organ excess, Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, syndrome of combined phlegm and blood stasis, and syndrome of yin deficiency and internal heat. According to the determination criteria of syndrome types in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), 6 common syndrome types of cerebral infarction were finally determined. ConclusionAccording to the severity of the disease, the common syndromes of patients with cerebral infarction in rural areas of Eastern Henan were divided into the following categories: apoplexy involving channel and collateral: syndrome of upward disturbance of wind fire, syndrome of wind phlegm obstructing collaterals, and syndrome of stirring wind due to yin deficiency. Apoplexy involving zang and fu-viscera: syndrome of phlegm-heat and fu-organ excess, and syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals. Recovery period: Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome. This study was basically consistent with the syndrome law in TCM theory, and provided reference for further establishing syndrome diagnostic criteria of cerebral infarction.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940298

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Shenxiong glucose injection (SGI) in inhibiting hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative damage in H9c2 cells by tandem mass tags (TMT)-labeled quantitative proteomics. MethodH9c2 cells cultured in vitro were exposed to H2O2 for inducing oxidative damage. The cell viability was measured by cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assay (MTS), followed by peptide fractionation by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and protein expression detection in H9c2 cells by ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. MaxQuant (v1.5.2.8) was utilized for data retrieval, and the high-resolution mass spectrometry was conducted to screen out differentially expressed proteins, which were then subjected to gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis. The protein expression levels of perilipin 2 (Plin2) and tropomyosin 1 (Tpm1) in cells were measured by Western blot. ResultThe spectral analysis yielded 48 608 specific peptide fragments and 5 903 quantifiable proteins. Compared with the model group,the SGI group exhibited 82 differentially expressed proteins,of which 22 were up-regulated and 60 were down-regulated. GO analysis results showed that the differentially expressed proteins were mainly involved in biological processes such as programmed cell death regulation,regulation of cell proliferation,cardiovascular system development, and cell migration. As revealed by KEGG analysis, these proteins were mainly related to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR),focal adhesion,phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt),and Ras-related protein 1 (Rap1) pathways. Western blot results demonstrated that compared with the model group,SGI significantly increased the Plin2 protein expression and decreased the Tpm1 protein expression (P<0.01),consistent with the proteomics results. ConclusionSGI may inhibit cell apoptosis and antagonize H2O2-induced cell oxidative damage by regulating PPAR,focal adhesion,PI3K/Akt and Rap1 pathways,which should be further verified by subsequent experiments.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940292

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of Draconis Sanguis petroleum ether fraction (DSPEF) on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and autophagy of human gastric cancer HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells, and preliminarily elucidate its molecular mechanism. MethodCell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect the effect of DSPEF at different concentrations (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 mg·L-1) on the proliferation of HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells after 24, 48, 72 h. Hoechst staining and flow cytometry were used to explore the effects of DSPEF at different concentrations on the apoptosis and apoptosis rate of HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells after 48 h treatment, respectively. The wound healing assay and acridine orange staining were used to investigate the effects of DSPEF on the migration and autophagy of HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells, respectively. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of signaling pathway-related proteins in HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells treated with DSPEF for 48 h. ResultCompared with the control group, DSPEF(30 mg·L-1) inhibited the proliferation and migration of HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner (P<0.05), and induced the apoptosis (P<0.01) and autophagy of HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells. DSPEF (60 mg·L-1) down-regulated the protein levels of phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR) (P<0.05, P<0.01) and down-regulated phospho-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) in HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells (P<0.01), suggesting that DSPEF presumedly inhibited the proliferation and migration of human gastric cancer HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells and induced their apoptosis and autophagy by inhibiting the mTOR/STAT3 signaling pathway. ConclusionThe down-regulation of the mTOR/STAT3 signaling pathway may be involved in the anti-gastric cancer effect of DSPEF. This study is expected to provide a reference for the investigation of the anti-tumor effect of Draconis Sanguis.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1441-1445, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940000

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the influence of K-115 on the proliferation and migration of human Tenon's fibroblasts(HTFs)and to access the possible mechanism. Furthermore, to provide new ideas for anti-scar treatment after glaucoma surgery.METHODS: The Tenon capsule tissues were collected from patients who underwent glaucoma surgery in Hebei General Hospital from September 2018 to September 2019. Primary culture of HTFs was performed by tissue block method. The transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1)was used to induce HTFs activation that can mimic glaucoma filtration surgery. The cells were treated with K-115 and divided into 4 groups: the control group was treated with dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO); TGF-β1 group was treated with 10μg/L TGF-β1 for 24h; TGF-β1 +5 K-115 group was pretreated with 5μmol/L K-115 for 2h and then treated with 10μg/L TGF-β1 for 24h; TGF-β1+10 K-115 group was pretreated with 10μmol/L K-115 for 2h and then 10μg/L TGF-β1 was added for 24h. Cell proliferation was observed by cell proliferation experiment. The migration ability of cells was detected by scratch test. The formation of autophagosomes was observed by transmission electron microscopy. Apoptosis was visualized by Hoechst 33342/PI staining.RESULTS: Cell proliferation experiment revealed that K-115 could inhibit the proliferation of HTFs induced by TGF-β1. Scratch test suggested that K-115 could inhibit the migration of HTFs induced by TGF-β1. Transmission electron microscope results showed that K-115 could enhance autophagy of HTFs induced by TGF-β1. Hoechst 33342/PI staining suggested that K-115 did not induce apoptosis.CONCLUSIONS: K-115 may regulate the proliferation and migration of HTFs induced by TGF-β1 by increasing autophagy rather than inducing apoptosis.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2416-2422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937041

ABSTRACT

italic>Psidium guajava Linn. is an evergreen shrub or small tree of Psidium Linnaeus in the Myrtaceae family. One new glycoside (1) together with 3 known meroterpenoids (2-4) and 9 known glycosides (5-13) were isolated from the fruits of Psidium guajava Linn.. The structure of the new compound was elucidated by the spectroscopic data analysis of HR-ESIMS, 1D- and 2D-NMR, and it was named psiguaoside A (1). The known compounds were identified as guajadial (2), 4,5-diepipsidial A (3), psidial A (4), chrysin-8-C-β-D-glucoside (5), 2,6-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-4-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-benzophenone (6), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7), quercetin-3-O-xyloside (8), guaijaverin (9), avicularin (10), guavinoside E (11), guavinoside B (12), guajaphenone A (13). In the bioactivity assay, compound 3 exhibited significant inhibitory activitiy of U87 with IC50 values of 8.379 μmol·L-1.

13.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 165-169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935991

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical application value of two longitudes three transverses method in the location of the perforator of thoracodorsal artery perforator and deep wound repair. Methods: The retrospectively observational study was conducted. From December 2018 to June 2020, 17 patients with deep wounds who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University met the inclusion criteria and were included in this study, including 7 males and 10 females, aged 12 to 72 years. The wound areas of patients after debridement were 7 cm×3 cm to 11 cm×7 cm. Two longitudinal lines were located through the midpoint of the armpit, the posterior superior iliac spine, and the protruding point of the sacroiliac joint, and three transverse lines were located 5, 10, and 15 cm below the midpoint of the armpit between the two longitudinal lines, i.e. two longitudes three transverses method, resulting in two trapezoidal areas. And then the thoracodorsal artery perforators in two trapezoidal areas were explored by the portable Doppler blood flow detector. On this account, a single or lobulated free thoracodorsal artery perforator flap or flap that carrying partial latissimus dorsi muscle, with an area of 7 cm×4 cm to 12 cm×8 cm was designed and harvested to repair the wound. The donor sites were all closed by suturing directly. The number and location of thoracodorsal artery perforators, and the distance from the position where the first perforator (the perforator closest to the axillary apex) exits the muscle to the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi in preoperative localization and intraoperative exploration, the diameter of thoracodorsal artery perforator measured during operation, and the flap types were recorded. The survivals of flaps and appearances of donor sites were followed up. Results: The number and location of thoracodorsal artery perforators located before operation in each patient were consistent with the results of intraoperative exploration. A total of 42 perforators were found in two trapezoidal areas, with 2 or 3 perforators each patient. The perforators were all located in two trapezoid areas, and a stable perforator (the first perforator) was located and detected in the first trapezoidal area. There were averagely 1.47 perforators in the second trapezoidal area. The position where the first perforator exits the muscle was 2.1-3.1 cm away from the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi. The diameters of thoracodorsal artery perforators were 0.4-0.6 mm. In this group, 12 cases were repaired with single thoracodorsal artery perforator flap, 3 cases with lobulated thoracodorsal artery perforator flap, and 2 cases with thoracodorsal artery perforator flap carrying partial latissimus dorsi muscle. The patients were followed up for 6 to 16 months. All the 17 flaps survived with good elasticity, blood circulation, and soft texture. Only linear scar was left in the donor area. Conclusions: The two longitudes three transverses method is helpful to locate the perforator of thoracodorsal artery perforator flap. The method is simple and reliable. The thoracodorsal artery perforator flap designed and harvested based on this method has good clinical effects in repairing deep wound, with minimal donor site damage.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Arteries , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Perforator Flap , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 29-37, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935969

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application effects of bundle nursing of citric acid extracorporeal anticoagulation on continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) of severe burn patients. Methods: A non-randomized controlled study was conducted. Forty-six patients who met the inclusion criteria and received regular nursing of citric acid extracorporeal anticoagulation during CRRT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University) from January to December 2017 were included in regular nursing group (30 males and 16 females, aged 42.0 (38.7,47.0) years, with 201 times of CRRT performed), and 48 patients who met the inclusion criteria and received bundle nursing of citric acid extracorporeal anticoagulation during CRRT in the same hospital from January to December 2018 were included in bundle nursing group (32 males and 16 females, aged 41.0 (36.0,46.0) years, with 164 times of CRRT performed). The clinical data of all the patients in the two groups were recorded, including the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, total cost of treatment in ICU, cost of CRRT, unplanned ending of treatment, ending of treatment due to operation (with the rates of unplanned ending of treatment and ending of treatment due to operation calculated), times of disposable hemodialysis filter and supporting pipeline filter (hereinafter referred to as filter) with use time>24 h, times of CRRT, and lifetime of filter. For the patients in both groups who continuously received CRRT for 3 days or more from the first treatment, the prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), international normalized ratio (INR), total calcium, ionic calcium (with the difference of total calcium or ionic calcium between before and after treatment calculated), creatinine, urea, β2 microglobulin, cystatin C, platelet count, mean arterial pressure, pH value, oxygenation index, bicarbonate radical, and lactic acid levels before the first treatment (hereinafter referred to as before treatment) and 3 days after the first treatment (hereinafter referred to as after 3 days of treatment). The treatment-related complications of all patients in the two groups were recorded during hospitalization. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and chi-square test. Results: Compared with those in regular nursing group, the length of ICU stay was significantly shortened (Z=-4.71, P<0.01), the total cost of treatment in ICU was significantly reduced (t=-1.39, P<0.01), the cost of CRRT had no significant change (P>0.05), the rates of unplanned ending of treatment and ending of treatment due to operation were both significantly decreased (with χ2 values of 12.20 and 17.83, respectively, P<0.01), the times of filter service time>24 h was increased significantly (Z=-5.93, P<0.01), the times of CRRT were significantly reduced (Z=-4.75, P<0.01), and the filter service life was significantly prolonged (Z=-9.24, P<0.01) among patients in bundle nursing group. Thirty-one patients in bundle nursing group and 28 patients in regular nursing group continuously received CRRT for 3 days or more from the first treatment. Before treatment, PT, APTT, and INR of patients in bundle nursing group were 24.10 (16.08, 39.20) s, 38.81 (32.32, 45.50) s, and 1.17 (1.12, 1.19), respectively, similar to 31.75 (22.99, 40.96) s, 41.82 (35.05, 48.06) s, and 1.15 (1.11, 1.19) of patients in regular nursing group (P>0.05); the levels of total calcium and ionic calcium of patients in the two groups were similar (P>0.05). After 3 days of treatment, PT, APTT, and INR of patients in bundle nursing group and regular nursing group were 29.06 (20.11, 39.46) s, 35.25 (30.06, 40.28) s, 1.13 (1.09, 1.17) and 36.51 (26.64, 42.92) s, 39.89 (34.81, 46.62) s, 1.14 (1.10, 1.18), respectively, similar to those before treatment (P>0.05); the level of ionic calcium of patients in regular nursing group was significantly higher than that before treatment (Z=-2.08, P<0.05); the levels of total calcium and ionic calcium of patients in bundle nursing group were both significantly higher than those before treatment (with Z values of -3.55 and -3.69, respectively, P<0.01); compared with those in regular nursing group, APTT of patients was significantly shorter (Z=-2.29, P<0.05), while the total calcium level of patients was significantly higher in bundle nursing group (Z=-2.26, P<0.05). The difference of total calcium between before and after treatment of patients in bundle nursing group was significantly higher than that in regular nursing group (Z=-3.15, P<0.01). The differences of ionic calcium between before and after treatment of patients in the two groups were similar (P>0.05). Before treatment, the level of β2 microglobulin of patients in bundle nursing group was significantly higher than that in regular nursing group (Z=-2.84, P<0.01), the platelet count of patients in bundle nursing group was significantly lower than that in regular nursing group (Z=-2.44, P<0.05), while the levels of creatinine, urea, cystatin C, mean arterial pressure, pH value, oxygenation index, bicarbonate radical, and lactic acid of patients in the two groups were similar (P>0.05). After 3 days of treatment, the levels of creatinine, urea, β2 microglobulin, cystatin C, pH value, bicarbonate radical, and lactic acid of patients were all significantly lower than those before treatment (with Z values of -2.10, -2.90, -3.11, -2.02, -2.34, -2.63, and -2.84, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the levels of platelet count, oxygenation index, and mean arterial pressure of patients were all significantly higher than those before treatment in bundle nursing group (with Z values of -6.65 and -2.40, respectively, t=-9.97, P<0.05 or P<0.01); the levels of creatinine, urea, β2 microglobulin, cystatin C, platelet count, pH value, bicarbonate radical, and lactic acid of patients were all significantly lower than those before treatment (with Z values of -5.32, -2.31, -2.41, -2.21, -3.68, -2.93, -2.20, and -2.31, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the oxygenation index and mean arterial pressure of patients were both significantly higher than those before treatment in regular nursing group (Z=-5.59, t=-7.74, P<0.01). After 3 days of treatment, compared with those in regular nursing group, the levels of creatinine, cystatin C, platelet count, oxygenation index, bicarbonate radical, and mean arterial pressure of patients were all significantly higher (with Z values of -2.93, -1.99, -6.39, -2.09, and -2.52, respectively, t=-3.28, P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the levels of urea, β2 microglobulin, pH value, and lactic acid of patients were all significantly lower (with Z values of -3.87, -2.58, -4.24, and -2.75, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01) in bundle nursing group. During hospitalization, there were no treatment-related bleeding events or hypernatremia related to citric acid treatment of patients in the two groups. The ratio of total calcium to ionic calcium in one patient in bundle nursing group was >2.5, but there was no manifestation of citric acid accumulation poisoning; 1 patient had hypoionic calcemia, and 1 patient had severe metabolic alkalosis. Five patients had hypoionic calcemia and 2 patients had severe metabolic alkalosis in regular nursing group. Conclusions: The implementation of bundle nursing of citric acid extracorporeal anticoagulation during CRRT for severe burn patients shortens the length of ICU stay, reduces the total cost of treatment in ICU and the occurrence of treatment-related complications, relieves the economic burden of patients, and improves the continuity and quality of treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anticoagulants , Burns/therapy , Citric Acid , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 121-126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935922

ABSTRACT

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a form of complex syndrome with acute deterioration of liver function that occurs on the basis of chronic liver disease, and is accompanied by hepatic and extrahepatic organ failure with high mortality rate. The short-term mortality rate of comprehensive internal medicine treatment is as high as 50%-90%. This paper summarizes the current common definitions and diagnostic criteria, early-warning prediction models, and pathogenesis of ACLF.


Subject(s)
Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/therapy , Humans , Prognosis
16.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 390-396, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935878

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of microRNA-126 (miR-126) on the polarization of human monocyte-derived macrophages stimulated by Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods: Macrophages derived from human myeloid leukemia mononuclear cells were stimulated by Pg-LPS (5 mg/L) and by Pg-LPS (5 mg/L) after 24 h-transfection of miR-126 mimic or negative control RNA for 48 h, respectively. Real-time quantitative-PCR (qRT-PCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting were conducted to detect the changes in miR-126, pro-inflammatory factor tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), anti-inflammatory factors interleukin-10 (IL-10), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), arginase-1 (Arg-1) and M1 polarization-related pathways such as nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. Results: Compared with non-LPS stimulation group (TNF-α: 1.000±0.020, iNOS: 1.125±0.064, miR-126: 1.004±0.113, IL-10: 1.003±0.053, Arg-1: 1.130±0.061), the mRNA levels of TNF-α (3.105±0.278) and iNOS (4.296±0.003) increased significantly (t=6.53, P=0.003; t=42.63, P<0.001, respectively), while miR-126, IL-10 and Arg-1 expressions (0.451±0.038, 0.545±0.004 and 0.253±0.017) decreased significantly (t=7.95, P=0.001; t=7.36, P=0.002; t=11.94, P<0.001, respectively) after Pg-LPS stimulated by human-derived macrophages for 48 h. The protein expression of iNOS, TNF-α, Arg-1 and IL-10 were consistent at mRNA levels. Meanwhile, the expressions of phospho-NF-κB p65 (p-p65), phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK) and phospho-p38 MAPK (p-p38) increased significantly, while the expression of Arg-1 decreased significantly. Compared with the negative controls (scramble RNA) (TNF-α: 1.141±0.197, iNOS: 1.173±0.115, IL-10: 1.032±0.138, Arg-1: 0.933±0.044), the mRNA levels of TNF-α (0.342±0.022) and iNOS (0.588±0.085) expressions significantly decreased (t=5.35, P=0.006; t=5.05, P=0.007), while IL-10 (1.786±0.221) and Arg-1 expressions (2.152±0.229) significantly increased (t=3.71, P=0.021; t=6.21, P=0.003) after Pg-LPS stimulation with miR-126 mimic transfection. The relative protein expressions of iNOS, p-p65, p-ERK and p-p38 significantly decreased (t=13.00, P<0.001; t=6.98, P=0.002; t=10.86, P<0.001; t=8.32, P=0.001), while the protein level of Arg-1 significantly increased (t=12.08, P<0.001). Conclusions: Pg-LPS could promote M1 polarization of macrophages. miR-126 might inhibit the effect of Pg-LPS on the M1 polarization of macrophages through down-regulating NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Cell Polarity , Humans , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Macrophage Activation , Macrophages/drug effects , MicroRNAs/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Porphyromonas gingivalis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
17.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 233-241, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935856

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the articles on research of dental pulp biology in China and to understand the situation of China in the entire field of dental pulp biology around the world in order to provide references for further in-depth research in dental pulp biology in China. Methods: Based on Web of Science core collection database, the articles published in the international journals in the field of dental pulp biology from 2011 to 2020 were retrieved and identified. Six indicators including research scale, academic influence, high-ranking and the high-influence journals, research areas, international partnership and project funding were statistically analyzed. Results: Totally 1 215 articles were published by Chinese researchers, which is the most in the research field of dental pulp biology. The total number of citations was 18 328, however the average number of citations of above mentioned articles was slightly lower than that of the world average. The number of articles published in Natural Index Journals and Journal of Dental Research is lower than that of the United States. The research areas of dental pulp biology in China were not only in dentistry, oral surgery and medicine, but also in cell biology, experimental medicine, materials science, engineering, molecular biology and applied microbiology. Articles of internationally cooperated researches were scarce. Most of the researches of dental pulp biology field conducted in China were supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China. Conclusions: Although there were fruitful research outcomes in the field of dental pulp biology from 2011 to 2020, the academic influence of these researches still needed to be improved. It was recommended that great efforts should be made in developing interdisciplinary, inter-unit and international cooperation, focusing on hotspot and major projects, actively applying for and using of project fundings in order to produce more high-quality research outcomes.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Biology , China , Dental Pulp , Periodicals as Topic
18.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 149-154, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935841

ABSTRACT

Objective: To detect the SMO mutations in odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) and to explore the mechanism behind. Methods: Patients with OKC who received treatment in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School and Hospital of Stomatology,Peking University, from September 2012 to June 2017 were enrolled. OKC samples from 10 patients diagnosed as naevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS)-related OKC (4 females and 6 males) and 20 patients diagnosed as sporadic OKC (7 females and 13 males) were collected. Genomic DNAs were extracted from fibrous capsules and epithelial lining respectively. SMO mutations were detected and analyzed by Sanger sequencing. Results: Three SMO mutations were found in one NBCCS-associated OKC who carrying c.2081C>G (p.P694R) mutation) and two sporadic OKC who carrying c.907C>T (p.L303F) mutation and c.1247_1248delinsAA (p.G416E), respectively), among which the first two mutations were novel mutations that had not been reported before. Besides, two mutations in sporadic OKC were not paired with PTCH1 mutations. Conclusions: In addition to PTCH1 gene mutations, SMO gene mutations also exist in OKC which might be related to the development of OKC.


Subject(s)
Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome/genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Mutation , Odontogenic Cysts/genetics , Odontogenic Tumors/genetics , Smoothened Receptor/genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 197-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935670

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognostic factors of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) who had undergone cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in China. Methods: From November 2017 to October 2018, this retrospective multi-center study was conducted in 11 hospitals in China. It contained data from 281 cases who had undergone CPR and all of the subjects were divided into CHD group and non-CHD group. The general condition, duration of CPR, epinephrine doses during resuscitation, recovery of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), discharge survival rate and pediatric cerebral performance category in viable children at discharge were compared. According to whether malignant arrhythmia is the direct cause of cardiopulmonary arrest or not, children in CHD and non-CHD groups were divided into 2 subgroups: arrhythmia and non-arrhythmia, and the ROSC and survival rate to discharge were compared. Data in both groups were analyzed by t-test, chi-square analysis or ANOVA, and logistic regression were used to analyze the prognostic factors for ROSC and survival to discharge after cardiac arrest (CA). Results: The incidence of CA in PICU was 3.2% (372/11 588), and the implementation rate of CPR was 75.5% (281/372). There were 144 males and 137 females with median age of 32.8 (5.6, 42.7) months in all 281 CPA cases who received CPR. CHD group had 56 cases while non-CHD had 225 cases, with the percentage of 19.9% (56/281) and 80.1% (225/281) respectively. The proportion of female in CHD group was 60.7% (34/56) which was higher than that in non-CHD group (45.8%, 103/225) (χ2=4.00, P=0.045). There were no differences in ROSC and rate of survival to discharge between the two groups (P>0.05). The ROSC rate of children with arthythmid in CHD group was 70.0% (28/40), higher than 6/16 for non-arrhythmic children (χ2=5.06, P=0.024). At discharge, the pediatric cerebral performance category scores (1-3 scores) of CHD and non-CHD child were 50.9% (26/51) and 44.9% (92/205) respectively. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the independent prognostic factors of ROSC and survival to discharge in children with CHD were CPR duration (odds ratio (OR)=0.95, 0.97; 95%CI: 0.92~0.97, 0.95~0.99; both P<0.05) and epinephrine dosage (OR=0.87 and 0.79, 95%CI: 0.76-1.00 and 0.69-0.89, respectively; both P<0.05). Conclusions: There is no difference between CHD and non-CHD children in ROSC and survival rate of survival to discharge was low. The epinephrine dosage and the duration of CPR are related to the ROSC and survival to discharge of children with CHD.


Subject(s)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Heart Arrest/therapy , Heart Defects, Congenital/therapy , Humans , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Male , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 32-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935576

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the incidence and treatment of perioperative anemia in patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms in Hubei Province. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 7 474 patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms in 62 hospitals in 15 cities (state) of Hubei Province in 2019 were collected in the form of network database. There were 4 749 males and 2 725 females. The median age of the patients was 62 years (range: 17 to 96 years). The hemoglobin value of the first time in hospital and the first day after operation was used as the criterion of preoperative anemia and postoperative anemia. Anemia was defined as male hemoglobin <120 g/L and female hemoglobin <110.0 g/L, mild anemia as 90 to normal, moderate anemia as 60 to <90 g/L, severe anemia as <60 g/L. The t test and χ2 test were used for inter-group comparison. Results: The overall incidence of preoperative anemia was 38.60%(2 885/7 474), and the incidences of mild anemia, moderate anemia and severe anemia were 25.09%(1 875/7 474), 11.37%(850/7 474) and 2.14%(160/7 474), respectively. The overall incidence of postoperative anemia was 61.40%(4 589/7 474). The incidence of mild anemia, moderate anemia and severe anemia were 48.73%(3 642/7 474), 12.20%(912/7 474) and 0.47%(35/7 474), respectively. The proportion of preoperative anemia patients receiving treatment was 26.86% (775/2 885), and the proportion of postoperative anemia patients receiving treatment was 14.93% (685/4 589). The proportions of preoperative anemia patients in grade ⅢA, grade ⅢB, and grade ⅡA hospitals receiving treatment were 26.12% (649/2 485), 32.32% (85/263), and 29.93% (41/137), and the proportions of postoperative anemia patients receiving treatment were 14.61% (592/4 052), 22.05% (73/331), and 9.71% (20/206). The proportion of intraoperative blood transfusion (16.74% (483/2 885) vs. 3.05% (140/4 589), χ²=434.555, P<0.01) and the incidence of postoperative complications (17.78% (513/2 885) vs. 14.08% (646/4 589), χ²=18.553, P<0.01) in the preoperative anemia group were higher than those in the non-anemia group, and the postoperative hospital stay in the preoperative anemia group was longer than that in the non-anemia group ((14.1±7.3) days vs. (13.3±6.2) days, t=5.202, P<0.01). Conclusions: The incidence of perioperative anemia in patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms is high. Preoperative anemia can increase the demand for intraoperative blood transfusion and affect the short-term prognosis of patients. At present, the concept of standardized treatment of perioperative anemia among gastrointestinal surgeons in Hubei Province needs to be improved.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anemia/epidemiology , Blood Transfusion , Female , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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