Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 567
Filter
1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 660-665, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965501

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the protective effects of ligustrazine-scutellarein twin drug ST-11 on rat adrenal medullary pheochromocytoma PC12 cell injury induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) and its mechanism. METHODS PC12 cells were divided into blank group, model group, nimodipine group (positive control, 5 μmol/L) and different concentration groups of ST-11 (5, 10, 20 μmol/L). After 24 hours of pre-administration intervention, all the other groups except the blank group were cultured in glucose-free DMEM culture medium containing 10 mmol/L Na2S2O4 for 4 hours with glucose deficiency and hypoxia. After 4 hours of glucose and oxygen re-introduction, the survival rate of cells in each group, the contents of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in cell supernatant, apoptosis rate, the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), the protein expressions of B-cell lymphoma 2 related X protein (Bax), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and caspase-3 were all detected in each group. RESULTS Compared with blank group, the cell survival rate, the contents of CAT, GSH and SOD in cell supernatant, MMP level, relative expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-2/Bax ratio in model group decreased significantly (P<0.05), while the contents of LDH and MDA, ROS level, apoptosis rate, relative expressions of Bax and caspase-3 were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with model group, above indexes of ST-11 groups (except for the protein expression of caspase-3 in 5 μmol/L ST-11 group) were reversed signifi-cantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS ST-11 has a certain protec-tive effect on OGD/R-injured PC12 cells, and its effects may be related to reduction of oxidative stress and inhibition of cell apoptosis.

2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 425-439, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971574

ABSTRACT

Chronic pain is challenging to treat due to the limited therapeutic options and adverse side-effects of therapies. Astrocytes are the most abundant glial cells in the central nervous system and play important roles in different pathological conditions, including chronic pain. Astrocytes regulate nociceptive synaptic transmission and network function via neuron-glia and glia-glia interactions to exaggerate pain signals under chronic pain conditions. It is also becoming clear that astrocytes play active roles in brain regions important for the emotional and memory-related aspects of chronic pain. Therefore, this review presents our current understanding of the roles of astrocytes in chronic pain, how they regulate nociceptive responses, and their cellular and molecular mechanisms of action.


Subject(s)
Humans , Astrocytes/pathology , Chronic Pain/pathology , Neuroglia/physiology , Neurons/physiology , Synaptic Transmission , Chronic Disease
3.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 550-555, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985907

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of decitabine combined with low dose chemotherapy (LDC) in the treatment of high-risk, refractory and relapsed pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods: Clinical data of 19 AML children treated with decitabine combined with LDC in the Department of Hematology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University from April 2017 to November 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The therapeutic response, adverse effects and survival status were analyzed,and the outcomes of patients were followed up. Results: Among 19 AML cases, there were 10 males and 9 females. Five cases were high-risk AML, 7 cases were refractory AML, and 7 cases were relapsed AML. After one course of decitabine+LDC treatment, 15 cases achieved complete remission, 3 cases got partial remission, and only 1 case didn't get remission. All patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as consolidation therapy. The follow-up time of all cases was 46 (37, 58) months, 14 children had survived. The cumulative three-year overall survival rate was (79±9) %, events free survival rates was (68±11) %, and recurrence free survival rate was (81±10) %. The most common adverse effects related to the induction treatment were cytopenia (19 cases) and infection (16 cases).There were no treatment-related death during the therapy. Conclusion: Decitabine combined with LDC is a safe and effective option for high-risk, refractory and relapsed AML children, which provides an opportunity for HSCT.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Decitabine , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
4.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 849-853, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with spontaneous low intracranial pressure (SIH).Methods:The study is a retrospective series. The clinical data of patients with SIH who visited Beijing Hospital from May 2017 to March 2022, including gender, age, symptoms, signs, imaging findings, treatment and outcome, were collected and their clinical characteristics were analyzed.Results:Finally, 8 patients with SIH, 6 females and 2 males, aged (33.5±7.3) years, were included. There were 6 cases of acute onset, 1 case of subacute onset, and 1 case of chronic onset. Four cases had pre-onset triggers, 3 cases were exertional and 1 case was exercise. All 8 cases had orthostatic headache. Three cases were accompanied by neck pain. Six cases were accompanied by autonomic dysfunction, 1 case with blurred vision and neck resistance, and 1 case with tinnitus in both ears. There were no obvious abnormalities in blood routine, liver and kidney function, electrolytes, and coagulation function in 8 cases. The results of the lumbar puncture showed that the cerebrospinal fluid pressure was≤60 mmH 2O(1 mmH 2O=0.009 8 kPa) in 7 cases, and 2 cases were so low that they were undetectable. One patient had normal cerebrospinal fluid pressure (90 mmH 2O). The routine results of cerebrospinal fluid showed 4 cases of an increased number of red blood cells and 2 cases of leukocytosis. The biochemical results of cerebrospinal fluid in all 8 cases were normal. All 8 patients underwent non-contrast MRI scan of the head, and 6 cases found abnormalities, including 2 cases of subdural hematoma, 1 case of subarachnoid hemorrhage, 1 case of brain tissue sinking, and 3 cases of intracranial venous sinus dilation (including 1 case with subdural hematoma). All 8 patients underwent MRI enhancement scan of the head, and 5 patients showed diffuse dural enhancement. Three patients underwent digital subtraction angiography myelogram and computed tomography myelogram, and 2 cases found dural cerebrospinal fluid leakage. One patient underwent magnetic resonance water imaging and no cerebrospinal fluid leakage was found. Eight patients were followed up for 38.5 (10.3, 63.0) months, after conservative treatment, 6 cases of headache relief or disappearance, 1 case relapsed and was admitted 1 week after discharge, non-targeted epidural blood patching (EBP) did not relapse, 1 case underwent non-targeted EBP after conservative treatment failure, headache relief, recurrence after 2 months, thoracic spine 3-4 space targeted EBP, headache disappeared, did not recur. Conclusions:The present study indicate that SIH prevalence in young age is common, the main symptom is orthostatic headache, accommodated with multiple clinical symptoms with various imaging abnormalities. Most patients with SIH can be treated conservatively, if the effect is not good, non-targeted or targeted EBP is feasible.

5.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 710-714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze risk factors for unfavorable outcomes after recanalization of large vessel occlusion (LVO) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:Patients with AIS-LVO who underwent recanalization treatment (including intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular intervention) at the Stroke Unit of Beijing Hospital from August 2018 to January 2022 were consecutively enrolled. According to the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 90-day follow-up after recanalization treatment, participants were classified as unfavorable outcomes (mRS>2) and favorable outcomes (mRS≤2). Baseline clinical data of enrolled patients was collected, and step-wise multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent risk factors for unfavorable outcomes after recanalization in AIS-LVO patients.Results:A total of 212 AIS-LVO patients were enrolled, including 86 females (41.35%), with an average age of 72.9 years. There were 75 patients in the favorable outcome group and 137 patients in the unfavorable outcome group. Compared with the favorable outcome group, the unfavorable outcome group had a higher average age, a higher proportion of females and patients with atrial fibrillation, higher baseline NIHSS, higher systolic blood pressure, and higher blood creatinine and D-dimer levels (all P<0.05). After adjusting for age and atrial fibrillation as confounding factors, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female ( OR=2.859, 95% CI: 1.202-6.799, P=0.018), higher baseline NIHSS ( OR=14.417, 95% CI: 6.269-33.158, P<0.001), higher pre-treatment systolic blood pressure ( OR=1.034, 95% CI: 1.015-1.054, P=0.001), higher emergency blood creatinine level ( OR=1.378, 95% CI: 1.105-1.719, P=0.005), and higher D-dimer level ( OR=3.594, 95% CI: 1.290-10.014, P=0.014) were independent risk factors for unfavorable outcomes after recanalization treatment in patients with AIS-LVO. Conclusion:Female, higher NIHSS, higher systolic blood pressure, higher blood creatinine level and D-dimer level are independent risk factors for unfavorable functional outcomes at 90 days after recanalization treatment of large vessel occlusion in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 322-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993445

ABSTRACT

One case of knee infection after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction caused by the gram-positive anaerobic bacterium Finegoldia magna was reported. The patient was admitted to hospital due to fever and knee joint swelling and pain after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Through medical history, physical examination, imaging examination and next-generation sequencing, it was confirmed that the infection was caused by Finegoldia magna. Through literature review, 37 literatures on infectious diseases caused by Finegoldia magna was retrieved and analyzed, and the identification points of anaerobic bacteria, the application of second-generation sequencing technology and the treatment status of infection after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction were reviewed. The incidence of infection after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is low, while anaerobic infection is even more rare and difficult to culture. The next-generation sequencing can be used to assist the diagnosis. On the basis of giving priority to the preservation of the reconstructed ligament, the combined use of arthroscopic debridement, irrigation and sensitive antibiotics is the main treatment method.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 27-33, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992937

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of radiomics based on three-dimensional high resolution MR vessel wall imaging (3D HRMR-VWI) for identifying culprit plaques in symptomatic patients with middle cerebral atherosclerosis.Methods:The clinical and imaging features of 117 patients (139 middle cerebral artery plaques) with cerebrovascular diseases in Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from October 2018 to October 2020 were respectively reviewed. Stratified random sampling was used to divide 139 plaques into training set (97 plaques) and validation set (42 plaque) at the ratio of 7∶3. The plaques were divided into 69 culprit plaques and 70 non-culprit plaques based on plaque MR features and clinical symptoms. The clinical and imaging characteristics of culprit plaques and non-culprit plaques were compared by independent sample t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and χ 2 test, and factors with significant difference between two groups in univariate analysis were further analyzed by multivariate logistic regression to find out the independent predictors of culprit plaques. Radiomics features were extracted, screened and radiomics model was constructed using pre-and post-contrast 3D HRMR-VWI based on the training set. The combined model was constructed by combining the independent predictors and radiomics model. Receiver operating characteristic curve and area under curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the efficacy of each model, and DeLong test was used to compare the efficacy of different models. Results:Significant difference was found in intraplaque hemorrhage, lumen area of stenosis, stenosis diameter, stenosis rate, plaque burden and enhancement rate between culprit and non-culprit plaques (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that only intraplaque hemorrhage was the independent predictor for culprit plaques (OR=7.045,95%CI 1.402-35.397, P=0.018). In the validation set, the AUC of the pre-contrast 3D HRMR-VWI model was lower than that of the post-contrast 3D HRMR-VWI model ( Z=-2.01, P=0.044). The AUC of pre+post-contrast 3D HRMR-VWI model was not significantly different from that of post-contrast 3D HRMR-VWI model ( Z=0.79, P=0.427). The AUC showed no significant difference between combined model and pre+post-contrast 3D HRMR-VWI model ( Z=-0.59, P>0.05). The combined model showed the best performance in predicting culprit plaques of middle cerebral artery (AUC=0.939), with the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 95.24%, 76.19% and 85.71%. Conclusion:Radiomics based on 3D HRMR-VWI has potential values in identifying culprit plaques in symptomatic patients with middle cerebral atherosclerosis.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1199-1204,1208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of transcription factor nuclear factor IB (NFIB) on cell proliferation and invasion in breast cancer.Methods:The lentivirus pLKO.1-shNFIB plasmid was constructed, packaged and infected with human estrogen receptor positive (ER + ) breast cancer cell line MCF-7 and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell line MDA-MB-231, respectively, NFIB was stably knocked down and verified by Western blot method; Cell count test (CCK-8) and clone formation test were used to investigate the effect of knockdown NFIB on the growth and proliferation of breast cancer cells; The transwell experiment and Western blot method were performed to detect the expression of epithelial mesenchymal transition protein markers. The effect of knockdown NFIB on the invasive ability of triple-negative breast cancer cells was explored; Kaplan-Meier survival was used to analyze web data (http: //kmplot.com/analysis/) to explore the effect of NFIB on the prognosis of ER + breast cancer and triple-negative breast cancer patients. Results:In MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, knocking down NFIB inhibited cell growth and proliferation; In triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells, knocking down NFIB promoted the expression of interstitial marker fibronectin and promoted cell invasion; The lower the expression of NFIB, the worse the prognosis of triple negative breast cancer patients, while the expression of NFIB had no effect on the prognosis of ER + breast cancer patients. Conclusions:Knocking down NFIB inhibits the proliferation of MCF-7 cells, and the expression level of NFIB is not related to the prognosis of ER + breast cancer patients; Knocking down NFIB inhibits the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells but promotes their invasion; The low expression of NFIB is associated with the poor prognosis of triple-negative breast cancer patients.

9.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 340-346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990525

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of peripheral blood cytokine models on organ functional impairment after chimeric antigen receptor T(CAR-T) cell therapy in children with B-lineage lymphocytic leukemia.Methods:The clinical data of 44 children with acute B-lineage lymphoblastic leukemia who received CAR-T cell therapy at Children′s Hospital of Soochow University from September 2018 to October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Peripheral blood cytokines, including interleukin(IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon(IFN)-γ and IL-17A, were measured daily for 14 days after receiving CAR-T cell therapy.The trend of peripheral blood cytokine levels was analyzed at the endpoint of organ function recovery or death within 14 days after CAR-T cell treatment.Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to establish a mathematical prediction model to predict the occurrence of organ damage in the children.Results:Of the 44 children, 31 cases were boys and 13 cases were girls, with a median age of 7.96 (5.19, 11.48)years.Cytokine release syndrome(CRS) response occurred in 95.5% (42/44) children, with 88.1% (37/42) had a grade 1-3 CRS response, and 16.7% (7/42) had a severe grade 4-5 CRS response.Using IL-6>3 892.95 pg/mL as cut-off value, the area under the curve(AUC) for predicting acute respiratory failure was 0.818, with a sensitivity of 0.8 and a specificity of 0.735, while combining IFN-γ>414.4 pg/mL, IL-6>3 892.95 pg/mL and IL-2>27.05 pg/mL were the three cut-off values, with an AUC of 0.741, sensitivity of 0.6 and specificity of 0.912 for predicting acute respiratory failure. Using IFN-γ>1 699.5 pg/mL as cut-off value, the AUC for predicting shock was 0.908, with a sensitivity of 0.722 and a specificity of 1.With IL-6>4 607.3 pg/mL as cut-off value, the AUC for predicting liver injury was 0.964, with a sensitivity of 1 and a specificity of 0.906, while combining both IL-6>4 607.3 pg/mL and IFN-γ>1 446.2 pg/mL as cut-off values, the AUC for predicting liver injury was 0.977, with a sensitivity of 1 and a specificity of 0.906.Combining both IL-6>6 972.2 pg/mL and IFN-γ>3 981.5 pg/mL predicted a positive predictive value of 62.5% and a negative predictive value of 94.4% for grade 4-5 CRS response, with an AUC of 0.846, a predictive sensitivity of 0.714 and a specificity of 0.838, and all children had a combination of two or more organ function injuries.Conclusion:The combination of IL-6 and IFN-γ can effectively predict the incidence of liver injury and cytokine release syndrome.The combination of peripheral blood cytokines IFN-γ, IL-6 and IL-2 can be used to predict the incidence of acute respiratory failure after the treatment of CAR-T cells in children with acute B-lineage lymphoblastic leukaemia.IFN-γ single index can be used to predict the incidence of shock.The combination of IL-6 and IFN-γ can be used to predict the incidence of liver injury and the severity of CRS.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 707-712, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990102

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Blinatumomab on the treatment of refractory or relapsed precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R BCP-ALL) in children.Methods:Clinical data of children with R/R BCP-ALL treated with Blinatumomab in the Department of Hematology, Children′s Hospital of Soochow University, from August 2021 to June 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.Children were divided into<45 kg group and ≥45 kg group according to their weight at admission.They were treated with different dosages of Blinatumomab, and bone marrow remission was assessed at about 15 days.Clinical indicators and adverse events during the treatment period were recorded.The rank sum test of two independent samples were used to compare the differences between groups.The Fisher′ s test was used for comparing categorical variables. Results:Among the 16 children with R/R BCP-ALL, 12 cases (75%) achieved complete response (CR) and minimal residual lesion (MRD) turned negative at about 14 days.Among them, 5 out of 9 children with bone marrow primitive naive cell ratio≥0.5 achieved CR, and 7/7 children with bone marrow primitive naive cell ratio<0.5 achieved CR.The peak value of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in children with CR was significantly higher than those without CR ( Z=2.50, P=0.012). Twelve cases achieved CR on bone marrow assessment around day 15, and 3 cases who did not achieve CR remained in remission on day 28, with an efficacy prediction accuracy of 93.8%(15/16). Adverse events included fever, neutropenia, hypokalemia, abnormal liver function, hypocalcemia, edema, rash, hypertension, myocardial damage, abdominal pain, hypotension, and cytokine release syndrome, which were all grade 1.Neurotoxicity and death were not reported. Conclusions:The remission rate of R/R BCP-ALL in children treated with Blinatumomab was high, especially in patients with a low tumor load.The toxicity and adverse events of Blinatumomab treatment are minor and controllable.Day 15 is the optimal time point to evaluate the efficacy of Blinatumomab on children with R/R BCP-ALL, and a higher IL-6 peak can be served as a predictor of its efficacy.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1804-1808, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979927

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the protective effects of twin drugs of tetramethylpyrazine-scutellarein (TMSC4) on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) model rats and its mechanism. METHODS One hundred and five SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, scutellarein group (0.7 mmol/kg), tetramethylpyrazine group (0.7 mmol/kg), and TMSC4 low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (0.35, 0.7, 1.4 mmol/kg), with 15 rats in each group. Sham operation group and model group were given constant volume of normal saline intragastrically, and other groups were given relevant drug intragastrically, once a day, for consecutive 14 d. Except for sham operation group, all other groups were treated to establish the CIRI model using the thread occlusion method. After 2 hours of ischemia and 22 hours of reperfusion, the brain index and brain water content of the rats were measured. Serum levels of interleukin 1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) in brain tissues, the situation of neuronal cell apoptosis, and the protein expressions of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and cleaved-caspase-3 were evaluated. RESULTS Compared with sham operation group, the brain index, brain water content, the serum levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α, the levels of MDA in brain tissues, the brain cell apoptosis and the protein expressions of Bax and cleaved-caspase-3 in model group were significantly increased (P<0.05); the levels of SOD, GSH- Px and CAT and the protein expression of Bcl-2 in brain tissues were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the above indexes of rats were reversed significantly in administration groups (P<0.05), while the reverse effects of TMSC4 medium-dose and high-dose groups were significantly better than those of scutellarein group and tetramethylpyrazine group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS TMSC4 has a certain protective effect in CIRI model rats, the mechanism of which may be related to relieving inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress, inhibiting cell apoptosis.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1044-1048, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973802

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the changes in corneal densitometry after small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)and femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis(FS-LASIK)and investigate the effect of corneal interface haze on vision after SMILE.METHODS: Prospective cohort study. A total of 93 patients(186 eyes)who were scheduled to undergo refractive surgery at the Ophthalmic Refractive Surgery Center of the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from May 2020 to October 2021 were included in the study, and there were 48 patients(96 eyes)in the SMILE group and 45 patients(90 eyes)in the FS-LASIK group. The changes in corneal densitometry, spherical equivalent(SE), and uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA)were observed and compared between the two groups before and at 1d, 1wk, 1, 3 and 6mo after surgery.RESULTS: The 93 patients all successfully completed the surgery, and there were no related complications during and after the surgery, and there were no lost cases. The UCVA of FS-LASIK group was 0.044±0.064 and -0.001±0.065 respectively at 1d and 1wk after surgery, which was better than that of SMILE group(0.102±0.077 and 0.023±0.064; all P&#x003C;0.05). There was no statistical difference in the SE between the two groups at the postoperative follow-ups(P&#x003E;0.05). The corneal densitometry values at 0-2 and 2-6 mm from corneal vertex and total corneal densitometry at 1d postoperatively in the FS-LASIK group were 18.0(17.5, 18.6), 16.2(15.6, 16.7)and 16.7(16.1, 17.3), which were lower than those of SMILE group [18.6(18.1, 19.3), 16.8(16.4, 17.4), 17.2(16.6, 17.8)](all P&#x003C;0.05); The corneal densitometry values at 0-2 and 2-6 mm from corneal vertex and total corneal densitometry at 1wk postoperatively in the FS-LASIK group were 17.2(16.7, 17.6), 15.5(15.0, 15.9)and 15.9(15.3, 16.7), which were lower than those of SMILE group [17.6(17.1, 18.3), 16.0(15.6, 16.5), 16.6(15.9, 17.1)](all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSIONS: The transient interface haze after SMILE is responsible for the early higher corneal densitometry than FS-LASIK. The presence of interface haze is probably a factor for the quality of vision.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 797-803, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972405

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the efficacy of and without small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)with cyclotorsion compensation for astigmatism correction.METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane and CNKI, VIP, CBM, and Wan Fang Data were searched for clinically controlled studies from January 2010 to August 2022, including an experimental group with cyclotorsion compensation during SMILE and a control group without cyclotorsion compensation during SMILE. After literature screening, quality evaluation, and data extraction by two researchers independently, the Meta-analysis of uncorrected distance visual acuity(UDVA), residual astigmatism, vector analysis indicators for measuring the astigmatism correction including absolute value of angle of error(|AE|)and magnitude error(ME), and post-operative total higher order aberrations, spherical aberration and coma was carried out with Stata 16.0 software.RESULTS: Seven studies with a total of 846 eyes(442 in the experimental group, 404 in the control group)were finally included. The Meta-analysis showed that there were significant differences in the percentage of eyes with residual astigmatism ≥1.00D(OR=0.17, 95%CI: 0.06~0.49, P&#x003C;0.01), |AE|(WMD=-1.56, 95%CI: -2.68~-0.45, P&#x003C;0.01), the coma(WMD=0.06, 95%CI: -0.08~-0.04, P&#x003C;0.01), and the total higher order aberrations(WMD=-0.04, 95%CI: -0.06~-0.02, P&#x003C;0.01). However, there were no differences in the postoperative UDVA(WMD=0.00, 95%CI: -0.02~0.01, P=0.54), residual astigmatism(WMD=0.08, 95%CI: -0.02~0.18, P=0.10), ME(WMD=-0.01, 95%CI: -0.14~0.12, P=0.85), and the spherical aberration(WMD=0.03, 95%CI: -0.07~0.13, P=0.52).CONCLUSION: Cyclotorsion compensation in SMILE can reduce the angular error caused by eye rotation during astigmatism correction. It also decreases postoperative residual astigmatism. Overall, the SMILE with cyclotorsion compensation is superior in clinical efficacy of the precise correction of astigmatism.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3046-3054, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981435

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of ligustilide, the main active constituent of essential oils of traditional Chinese medicine Angelicae Sinensis Radix, on alleviating oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion(OGD/R) injury in PC12 cells from the perspective of ferroptosis. OGD/R was induced in vitro, and 12 h after ligustilide addition during reperfusion, cell viability was detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay. DCFH-DA staining was used to detect the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS). Western blot was employed to detect the expression of ferroptosis-related proteins, glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4), transferrin receptor 1(TFR1), and solute carrier family 7 member 11(SLC7A11), and ferritinophagy-related proteins, nuclear receptor coactivator 4(NCOA4), ferritin heavy chain 1(FTH1), and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3(LC3). The fluorescence intensity of LC3 protein was analyzed by immunofluorescence staining. The content of glutathione(GSH), malondialdehyde(MDA), and Fe was detected by chemiluminescent immunoassay. The effect of ligustilide on ferroptosis was observed by overexpression of NCOA4 gene. The results showed that ligustilide increased the viability of PC12 cells damaged by OGD/R, inhibited the release of ROS, reduced the content of Fe and MDA and the expression of TFR1, NCOA4, and LC3, and improved the content of GSH and the expression of GPX4, SLC7A11, and FTH1 compared with OGD/R group. After overexpression of the key protein NCOA4 in ferritinophagy, the inhibitory effect of ligustilide on ferroptosis was partially reversed, indicating that ligustilide may alleviate OGD/R injury of PC12 cells by blocking ferritinophagy and then inhibiting ferroptosis. The mechanism by which ligustilide reduced OGD/R injury in PC12 cells is that it suppressed the ferroptosis involved in ferritinophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , PC12 Cells , Ferroptosis/genetics , Reactive Oxygen Species , Transcription Factors , Glutathione
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2739-2748, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981377

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis(UC) is a recurrent, intractable inflammatory bowel disease. Coptidis Rhizoma and Bovis Calculus, serving as heat-clearing and toxin-removing drugs, have long been used in the treatment of UC. Berberine(BBR) and ursodeoxycholic acid(UDCA), the main active components of Coptidis Rhizoma and Bovis Calculus, respectively, were employed to obtain UDCA-BBR supramolecular nanoparticles by stimulated co-decocting process for enhancing the therapeutic effect on UC. As revealed by the characterization of supramolecular nanoparticles by field emission scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM) and dynamic light scattering(DLS), the supramolecular nanoparticles were tetrahedral nanoparticles with an average particle size of 180 nm. The molecular structure was described by ultraviolet spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, high-resolution mass spectrometry, and hydrogen-nuclear magnetic resonance(H-NMR) spectroscopy. The results showed that the formation of the supramolecular nano-particle was attributed to the mutual electrostatic attraction and hydrophobic interaction between BBR and UDCA. Additionally, supramolecular nanoparticles were also characterized by sustained release and pH sensitivity. The acute UC model was induced by dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) in mice. It was found that supramolecular nanoparticles could effectively improve body mass reduction and colon shortening in mice with UC(P<0.001) and decrease disease activity index(DAI)(P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences between the supramolecular nanoparticles group and the mechanical mixture group(P<0.001, P<0.05). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-6(IL-6), and the results showed that supramolecular nanoparticles could reduce serum TNF-α and IL-6 levels(P<0.001) and exhibited an obvious difference with the mechanical mixture group(P<0.01, P<0.05). Flow cytometry indicated that supramolecular nanoparticles could reduce the recruitment of neutrophils in the lamina propria of the colon(P<0.05), which was significantly different from the mechanical mixture group(P<0.05). These findings suggested that as compared with the mechanical mixture, the supramolecular nanoparticles could effectively improve the symptoms of acute UC in mice. The study provides a new research idea for the poor absorption of small molecules and the unsatisfactory therapeutic effect of traditional Chinese medicine and lays a foundation for the research on the nano-drug delivery system of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Ursodeoxycholic Acid/adverse effects , Berberine/pharmacology , Interleukin-6 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Colon , Nanoparticles , Dextran Sulfate/adverse effects , Disease Models, Animal , Colitis/chemically induced
16.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 429-435, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981287

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features,immunohistochemical features,diagnosis,and relationship with sporadic prostate cancer in primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics of 12 patients with primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder diagnosed at Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2013 to September 2022.The histological features of primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder were re-evaluated by two pathologists according to the 2022 revision of the World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Urinary System and Male Genital Organs.Electronic medical records were retrieved,and telephone follow-up was conducted from the time of histopathological diagnosis to the death or the end of the last follow-up until January 31,2023. Results The 12 patients include 7 patients in pT3 stage and 1 patient in pT4 stage.Eight patients were complicated with other types of tumors,such as high-grade urothelial carcinoma of the bladder and squamous cell carcinoma.Five patients had sporadic prostate cancer.Immunohistochemical staining showed that 12 (100.0%),10 (83.3%),and 8 (66.7%) patients were tested positive for CD56,Syn,and CgA,respectively.The Ki67 proliferation index ranged from 80% to 90%.Five patients with urothelial carcinoma were tested positive for CK20,GATA3,and CK7.P504S was positive in all the 5 patients with prostate cancer,while P63 and 34βE12 were negative.The follow-up of the 12 patients lasted for 3-60 months.Eight of these patients died during follow-up,with the median survival of 15.5 months.Four patients survived. Conclusions Primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder is a rare urological tumor with high aggressiveness and poor prognosis.In male patients with bladder prostatectomy,all prostate tissue should be sampled.If prostate cancer is detected,the prostate-specific antigen level should be monitored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/pathology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Urinary Bladder/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Prostatic Neoplasms , Biomarkers, Tumor
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 193-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970514

ABSTRACT

Alcoholic liver disease(ALD), with its increasing morbidity and mortality, has seriously and extensively affected the health of people worldwide. Methyl ferulic acid(MFA) has been proven to significantly inhibit alcohol-induced lipid production in L02 cells through the AMP-activated protein kinase(AMPK) pathway, but its in-depth mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to further clarify the mechanism of MFA in improving lipid accumulation in L02 cells through the microRNA-378b(miR-378b)-mediated calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2(CaMKK2)-AMPK signaling pathway based on existing researches. L02 cells were induced by 100 mmol·L~(-1) ethanol for 48 h to establish the model of ALD in vitro, and 100, 50, and 25 μmol·L~(-1) concentration of MFA was treated. MiR-378b plasmids(containing the overexpression plasmid-miR-378b mimics, silence plasmid-miR-378b inhibitor, and their respective negative control-miR-378b NCs) were transfected into L02 cells by electroporation to up-regulate or down-regulate the levels of miR-378b in L02 cells. The levels of total cholesterol(TC) and triglyceride(TG) in cells were detected by commercial diagnostic kits and automatic biochemical analyzers. The expression levels of miR-378b in L02 cells were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR). CaMKK2 mRNA levels were detected by PCR, and protein expressions of related factors involved in lipid synthesis, decomposition, and transport in lipid metabolism were detected by Western blot. The results displayed that ethanol significantly increased TG and TC levels in L02 cells, while MFA decreased TG and TC levels. Ethanol up-regulated the miR-378b level, while MFA effectively inhibited the miR-378b level. The overexpression of miR-378b led to lipid accumulation in ethanol-induced L02 cells, while the silence of miR-378b improved the lipid deposition induced by ethanol. MFA activated the CaMKK2-AMPK signaling pathway by lowering miR-378b, thus improving lipid synthesis, decomposition, and transport, which improved lipid deposition in L02 cells. This study shows that MFA improves lipid deposition in L02 cells by regulating the CaMKK2-AMPK pathway through miR-378b.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ethanol/toxicity , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Fatty Liver , Triglycerides , MicroRNAs/genetics , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Kinase/genetics
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 455-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970482

ABSTRACT

This study explores the effect of total flavonoids of Rhododendra simsii(TFR) on middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO)-induced cerebral injury in rats and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation(OGD/R) injury in PC12 cells and the underlying mechanism. The MCAO method was used to induce focal ischemic cerebral injury in rats. Male SD rats were randomized into sham group, model group, and TFR group. After MCAO, TFR(60 mg·kg~(-1)) was administered for 3 days. The content of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1(IL-1), and interleukin-6(IL-6) in serum was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The pathological changes of brain tissue and cerebral infarction were observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining and 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride(TTC) staining. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein levels of calcium release-activated calcium channel modulator 1(ORAI1), stromal interaction molecule 1(STIM1), stromal intera-ction molecule 2(STIM2), protein kinase B(PKB), and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 3(caspase-3) in brain tissues. The OGD/R method was employed to induce injury in PC12 cells. Cells were randomized into the normal group, model group, gene silencing group, TFR(30 μg·mL~(-1)) group, and TFR(30 μg·mL~(-1))+gene overexpression plasmid group. Intracellular Ca~(2+) concentration and apoptosis rate of PC12 cells were measured by laser scanning confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. The effect of STIM-ORAI-regulated store-operated calcium entry(SOCE) pathway on TFR was explored based on gene silencing and gene overexpression techniques. The results showed that TFR significantly alleviated the histopathological damage of brains in MCAO rats after 3 days of admini-stration, reduced the contents of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in the serum, down-regulated the expression of ORAI1, STIM1, STIM2, and caspase-3 genes, and up-regulated the expression of PKB gene in brain tissues of MCAO rats. TFR significantly decreased OGD/R induced Ca~(2+) overload and apoptosis in PC12 cells. However, it induced TFR-like effect by ORAI1, STIM1 and STIM2 genes silencing. However, overexpression of these genes significantly blocked the effect of TFR in reducing Ca~(2+) overload and apoptosis in PC12 cells. In summary, in the early stage of focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and OGD/R-induced injury in PC12 cells TFR attenuates ischemic brain injury by inhibiting the STIM-ORAI-regulated SOCE pathway and reducing Ca~(2+) overload and inflammatory factor expression, and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Apoptosis , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Caspase 3 , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-6 , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Rhododendron/chemistry
19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 95-99, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970191

ABSTRACT

Limb length discrepancy(LLD) is a common complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Good positioning of the prosthesis and suitable soft tissue tension are essential to ensure hip joint stability. Patients will be more satisfied if almost the same length of both lower extremities is achieved. Preoperative comprehensive evaluation of patients is helpful to prevent the occurrence of LLD after surgery. Therefore, the pelvic spine conditions, as well as type and cause of LLD should be analyzed in detail before surgery. During operation, limb length should be adjusted by touching the position of patella, Kirschner's wires positioning and referring to the relationship between the center of femoral head and the tip of greater trochanter. After surgery, it is necessary to clearly distinguish true LLD from functional LLD, and make a reasonable therapeutic plan according to patient's symptoms and the range of differences in limb length. This article reviews the latest literatures based on clinical practice experience and summarizes the research status of LLD after THA, which helps joint surgeons to have an in-depth understanding of this postoperative complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Femur , Femur Head , Lower Extremity , Pelvis
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 393-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981703

ABSTRACT

Pentaxin 3 (PTX3), as a multifunctional glycoprotein, plays an important role in regulating inflammatory response, promoting tissue repair, inducing ectopic calcification and maintaining bone homeostasis. The effect of PTX3 on bone mineral density (BMD) may be affected by many factors. In PTX3 knockout mice and osteoporosis (OP) patients, the deletion of PTX3 will lead to decrease of BMD. In Korean community "Dong-gu study", it was found that plasma PTX3 was negatively correlated with BMD of femoral neck in male elderly patients. In terms of bone related cells, PTX3 plays an important role in maintaining the phenotype and function of osteoblasts (OB) in OP state;for osteoclast (OC), PTX3 in inflammatory state could stimulate nuclear factor κ receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) production and its combination with TNF-stimulated gene 6(TSG-6) could improve activity of osteoclasts and promote bone resorption;for mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), PTX3 could promote osteogenic differentiation of MSCs through PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. In recent years, the role of PTX3 as a new bone metabolism regulator in OP and fracture healing has been gradually concerned by scholars. In OP patients, PTX3 regulates bone mass mainly by promoting bone regeneration. In the process of fracture healing, PTX3 promotes fracture healing by coordinating bone regeneration and bone resorption to maintain bone homeostasis. In view of the above biological characteristics, PTX3 is expected to become a new target for the diagnosis and treatment of OP and other age-related bone diseases and fracture healing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Bone Resorption/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Fracture Healing/genetics , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis , Osteoporosis/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/pharmacology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL