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1.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 225-232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971438

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role of CD4+CD25+regulatory cell (CD4+CD25+Treg) in auditory neuropathy (AN) using a rat model of autoimmune auditory neuropathy. Methods: The SD rats were immunized with P0 protein emulsified in complete Freunds adjuvant for 8 weeks. The number of CD4+CD25+Treg in peripheral blood and cochlea and the expression of Foxp3 gene in cochlea were detected respectively 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after the immunization with P0 protein in rats. Then CD4+CD25+Treg were transferred intravenously to the AN rats at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks of the immunization, respectively. The change of auditory brainstem response (ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) were detected, and the morphological changes in the inner ear were investigated. Results: The number of CD4+CD25+Treg in the peripheral blood of AN rats decreased gradually after 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks of P0 protein immunization. The number of CD4+CD25+Treg in cochlea gradually increased with the prolongation of immunization time, but the expression of Foxp3 gene in cochlea gradually decreased over time. After intravenous transplantation of CD4+CD25+Treg in AN rats, the threshold of ABR response decreased, and DPOAE had no significant change. The number of spiral ganglion neurons in cochlea increased, and hair cells had no significant change under electron microscope. Conclusions: The decrease in the number and function of CD4+CD25+Treg reduces its inhibitory effect on autoimmune response and promotes the occurrence of autoimmune auditory neuropathy in AN rats. Adoptive transfer of CD4+CD25+Treg can reduce the autoimmune response and promote the recovery of autoimmune auditory neuropathy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Myelin P0 Protein , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , CD4 Antigens/immunology , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit/immunology
2.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 143-155, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969197

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous coronary intervention and acute coronary syndrome are both closely tied to the frequently occurring complication of coronary microembolization (CME). Resveratrol (RES) has been shown to have a substantial cardioprotective influence in a variety of cardiac diseases, though its function and potential mechanistic involvement in CME are still unclear. The forty Sprague–Dawley rats were divided into four groups randomly: CME, CME + RES (25 mg/kg), CME + RES (50 mg/kg), and sham (10 rats per group). The CME model was developed. Echocardiography, levels of myocardial injury markers in the serum, and histopathology of the myocardium were used to assess the function of the cardiac muscle. For the detection of the signaling of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB along with the expression of pyroptosisrelated molecules, ELISA, qRT-PCR, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting were used, among other techniques. The findings revealed that myocardial injury and pyroptosis occurred in the myocardium following CME, with a decreased function of cardiac, increased levels of serum myocardial injury markers, increased area of microinfarct, as well as a rise in the expression levels of pyroptosis-related molecules. In addition to this, pretreatment with resveratrol reduced the severity of myocardial injury after CME by improving cardiac dysfunction, decreasing serum myocardial injury markers, decreasing microinfarct area, and decreasing cardiomyocyte pyroptosis, primarily by blocking the signaling of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB and also reducing the NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Resveratrol may be able to alleviate CME-induced myocardial pyroptosis and cardiac dysfunction by impeding the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and the signaling pathway of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB.

3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 628-635, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986125

ABSTRACT

Teeth with severe periodontitis always have occlusal trauma, local anatomical abnormalities, mucogingival deformities or other factors that aggravate plaque retention or periodontal tissue damage. For these teeth, the author put forward the strategy of treating both symptoms and primary cause. That is, carrying out the periodontal regeneration surgery on the basis of analyzing and removing the primary cause factors. Through literature review and case series analysis, this paper discusses the therapeutic effects of strategy by treating both symptoms and primary cause on teeth with severe periodontitis, in order to provide reference for clinician work.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 380-387, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984633

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the current status of diagnosis and treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) /small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) among hematologists, oncologists, and lymphoma physicians from hospitals of different levels in China. Methods: This multicenter questionnaire survey was conducted from March 2021 to July 2021 and included 1,000 eligible physicians. A combination of face-to-face interviews and online questionnaire surveys was used. A standardized questionnaire regarding the composition of patients treated for CLL/SLL, disease diagnosis and prognosis evaluation, concomitant diseases, organ function evaluation, treatment selection, and Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor was used. Results: ①The interviewed physicians stated that the proportion of male patients treated for CLL/SLL is higher than that of females, and the age is mainly concentrated in 61-70 years old. ②Most of the interviewed physicians conducted tests, such as bone marrow biopsies and immunohistochemistry, for patient diagnosis, in addition to the blood test. ③Only 13.7% of the interviewed physicians fully grasped the initial treatment indications recommended by the existing guidelines. ④In terms of cognition of high-risk prognostic factors, physicians' knowledge of unmutated immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable and 11q- is far inferior to that of TP53 mutation and complex karyotype, which are two high-risk prognostic factors, and only 17.1% of the interviewed physicians fully mastered CLL International Prognostic Index scoring system. ⑤Among the first-line treatment strategy, BTK inhibitors are used for different types of patients, and physicians have formed a certain understanding that BTK inhibitors should be preferentially used in patients with high-risk factors and elderly patients, but the actual use of BTK inhibitors in different types of patients is not high (31.6%-46.0%). ⑥BTK inhibitors at a reduced dose in actual clinical treatment were used by 69.0% of the physicians, and 66.8% of the physicians had interrupted the BTK inhibitor for >12 days in actual clinical treatment. The use of BTK inhibitors is reduced or interrupted mainly because of adverse reactions, such as atrial fibrillation, severe bone marrow suppression, hemorrhage, and pulmonary infection, as well as patients' payment capacity and effective disease progression control. ⑦Some differences were found in the perceptions and behaviors of hematologists and oncologists regarding the prognostic assessment of CLL/SLL, the choice of treatment options, the clinical use of BTK inhibitors, etc. Conclusion: At present, a gap remains between the diagnosis and treatment of CLL/SLL among Chinese physicians compared with the recommendations in the guidelines regarding the diagnostic criteria, treatment indications, prognosis assessment, accompanying disease assessment, treatment strategy selection, and rational BTK inhibitor use, especially the proportion of dose reduction or BTK inhibitor discontinuation due to high adverse events.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Aged , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/drug therapy , Prognosis , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Immunohistochemistry , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/therapeutic use
5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 886-890, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992395

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of ropivacaine hydrochloride combined with sufentanil for intraspinal patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) in labor analgesia, and its influence on stress response and pregnancy outcome.Methods:The general data of 97 parturients who underwent intraspinal PCA delivery analgesia in Chengdu Seventh People′s Hospital from April 2019 to March 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into the observation group (51 cases) and the control group (46 cases) according to different analgesia methods. The observation group parturients were given ropivacaine hydrochloride combined with sufentanil intraspinal PCA, and the control group parturients were given ropivacaine hydrochloride intraspinal PCA. The numerical scoring system (NRS) was used to evaluate the pain degree of the parturient before, 15 minutes after, 30 minutes after, 45 minutes after analgesia and when the uterine orifice was fully opened. The onset time of analgesia, the time of perfection of analgesia, the amount of ropivacaine hydrochloride, sufentanil and the total amount of analgesic drugs were counted. The levels of serum cortisol (COR), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and Norepinephrine (NA) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The time of the first stage of labor, the active stage, the second stage of labor, and the third stage of labor, the amount of vaginal bleeding (during labor and within 2 hours after delivery), the proportion of oxytocin application, normal labor, forceps delivery, lateral perineum resection, and caesarean section, the occurrence of adverse reactions (itching, fever, nausea and vomiting, urinary retention, and fetal bradycardia), and the Apgar score of newborns (1 min and 5 min after birth) were counted.Results:There was no statistically significant difference in the onset time and improvement time of analgesia between the two groups of postpartum women, as well as the NRS scores before and after analgesia at 15, 30, and 45 minutes, as well as when the cervix was fully opened (all P>0.05). The dosage of Ropivacaine hydrochloride and the total amount of analgesics in the observation group were significantly less than those in the control group (all P<0.05). After analgesia, the serum levels of COR, ACTH, and NA in both groups decreased significantly compared to before analgesia (all P<0.05); After analgesia, there was no statistically significant difference in serum COR, ACTH, and NA levels between the two groups (all P>0.05). The second stage of labor in the observation group was shorter than that in the control group, the vaginal bleeding volume and the proportion of caesarean section were lower than those in the control group, the proportion of normal delivery and the Apgar score 1 min after birth of the fetus were higher than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the analgesic effect and total incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups of postpartum women (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Ropivacaine hydrochloride combined with sufentanil intraspinal PCA can effectively alleviate labor pain, reduce the amount of analgesics, and improve maternal and fetal pregnancy outcomes.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 475-482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare radiation dose between digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and full-field digital mammography (FFDM), and explore the correlation of average glandular dose(AGD) with breast density and compression thickness.Methods:The mammographic data of patients with breast diseases who underwent digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and the population who underwent full-field digital mammography (FFDM) screening in the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from October 2020 to May 2022 were retrospectively collected. The compression thickness, compression force and AGD were recorded. According to the 2013 ACR BI-RADS MAMMOGRAPHY, the breast gland density was classified into 4 types: a(glandular tissue<25%), b(glandular tissue 25%~50%), c(glandular tissue 50%~75%) and d(glandular tissue >75%), by two senior doctors engaged in breast imaging diagnosis. The relationships between different gland densities, different compression thicknesses and AGD under FFDM and DBT mode were analyzed.Results:In both FFDM and DBT modes, the AGD increased significantly with the increase of breast density( F=861.63, 617.83, 330.33, 451.45, 290.47, P<0.001), and AGD a<AGD b<AGD c<AGD d. For type c and d breasts undergoing FFDM, AGD was lowest when the compression thickness was 31~40 mm. Under the same compression thickness, The AGD DBT was significantly higher than the AGD FFDMin all types (Type a: t=-17.88, -42.19, -29.90, -28.14, -24.95, P<0.001; Type b: t=-49.18, -35.94, -27.25, -28.37, -24.10, P<0.001; Type c: t=-11.78, -32.90, -23.13, -20.51, -18.24, P<0.001; Type d: t=-7.94, -26.24, -17.24, -15.44, -13.81, P<0.001). The difference between two AGDs of Type d with compression thickness of 61~70 mm was the largest, which was 1.07 mGy (95% CI: 0.92~1.22). The AGD was positively correlated with breast density and compression thickness, and the relationship of FFDM was stronger than that of DBT. Conclusions:The AGD is positively correlated with breast density and compression thickness in mammography. Compared with FFDM, DBT can increase AGD, The AGD would increase in DBT than FFDM but be safe. DBT would be beneficial to patients with breast diseases in clinical practice.

7.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 418-424, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify new biomarkers and molecular pathogenesis of Down syndrome (DS) by analyzing differentially expressed miRNAs in the placentas and their biological pathways.@*METHODS@#Whole transcriptome sequencing was used to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs in DS (n=3) and normal placental samples (n=3) diagnosed by prenatal diagnosis. The target genes were predicted using miRWalk, Targetscan and miRDB, and GO and KEGG pathway analyses were performed for gene enrichment studies.@*RESULTS@#We identified a total of 82 differentially expressed miRNAs in the placental tissues of DS, including 29 up-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05) and 15 down-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05), among which 10 miRNAs with relatively high expression abundance were selected for further analysis, including 4 up-regulated and 6 down-regulated miRNAs. These selected miRNAs shared the common target genes BTBD3 and AUTS2, both of which were associated with neurodevelopment. GO analysis showed that the target genes of the selected miRNAs were mainly enriched in protein binding, hydrolytic enzymes, metal ion binding protein combining, transferase activity, nucleotide, cytoplasmic constituents, nucleus composition, transcriptional regulation, RNA metabolism regulation, DNA-dependent RNA polymerase Ⅱ promoter transcriptional regulation, eye development, and sensory organ development. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the target genes of these differentially expressed miRNAs were involved in the signaling pathways including tumor-related signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, Ras signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway, cytoskeletal regulatory signaling pathway, purine metabolization-related signaling pathway and P53 signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#The differentially expressed miRNAs may play important roles in placental damage and pregnancy pathology in DS and provide clues for the prevention and treatment of mental retardation-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Down Syndrome/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Placenta/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Transcriptome , Exome Sequencing
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 257-262, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935137

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the safety and efficacy of combined left atrial appendage (LAA) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure in adult atrial fibrillation (AF) patients complicating with PFO. Methods: This study is a retrospective and cross-sectional study. Seven patients with AF complicated with PFO diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in Zhoupu Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences from June 2017 to October 2020 were selected. Basic data such as age, gender and medical history were collected. The atrial septal defect or PFO occluder and LAA occluder were selected according to the size of PFO, the ostia width and depth of LAA. Four patients underwent left atrial appendage closure(LAAC) and PFO closure at the same time. PFO closure was performed during a one-stop procedure of cryoablation combined with LAAC in 2 patients. One patient underwent PFO closure at 10 weeks after one-stop procedure because of recurrent transient ischemic attack (TIA). All patients continued to take oral anticoagulants. TEE was repeated 8-12 weeks after intervention. In case of device related thrombus(DRT), TEE shall be rechecked 6 months after adjusting anticoagulant and antiplatelet drug treatment. Patients were follow-up at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 months by telephone call, and the occurrence of cardio-cerebrovascular events was recorded. Results: Among the 7 patients with AF, 2 were male, aged (68.0±9.4) years, and 3 had a history of recurrent cerebral infarction and TIA. Average PFO diameter was (3.5±0.8)mm. Three patients were implanted with Watchman LAA occluder (30, 30, 33 mm) and atrial septal defect occluder (8, 9, 16 mm). 2 patients were implanted with LAmbre LAA occluder (34/38, 18/32 mm) and PFO occluder (PF1825, PF2525). 2 patients were implanted with LACbes LAA occluder (24, 28 mm) and PFO occluder (PF2525, PF1825) respectively. The patients were followed up for 12 (11, 24) months after operation. TEE reexamination showed that the position of LAA occluder and atrial septal defect occluder or PFO occluder was normal in all patients. DRT was detected in 1 patient, and anticoagulant therapy was adjusted in this patient. 6 months later, TEE showed that DRT disappeared. No cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events occurred in all patients with AF during follow-up. Conclusions: In AF patients complicated with PFO, LAAC combined with PFO closure may have good safety and effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Foramen Ovale, Patent/surgery , Retrospective Studies
9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 282-285, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of peripheral blood CD34-positive cell count for the stem cell mobilization effect of plerixafor in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).Methods:The clinical data of 12 MM patients who used plerixafor for stem cell mobilization in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from December 2019 to February 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The changes of peripheral blood CD34-positive cell count and the collection status of stem cell in all patients before and after the mobilization of plerixafor were analyzed.Results:Twelve patients were included in this study. These patients were in international staging system (ISS) stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ, and the induction therapy was mainly VRD regimen. The CD34-positive cell count was increased after the use of plerixafor in all patients no matter which mobilization strategies were used before plerixafor. The CD34-positive cell count was 3.63/μl (0.72-13.53/μl) and 32.11/μl (8.52-53.68/μl) before and after the use of plerixafor, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z = -0.40, P<0.001); the median increasing time was 11.50 times (1.61-23.71 times). The mobilization failure occurred in 1 patient. The CD34-positive cell count in his blood was less than 1/μl before the use of plerixafor; though increased 11.83 times after the use of plerixafor, the CD34-positive cell count was still less than 10/μl. Pearson analysis showed that among the patients with CD34-positive cell count less than 4/μl before the use of plerixafor, there was a positive correlation in peripheral blood CD34-positive cell count before and after the use of plerixafor ( r = 0.80, P = 0.032). Conclusions:The peripheral blood CD34-positive cell count has a certain predictive value for the stem cell mobilization effect of plerixafor in MM patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 215-220, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929254

ABSTRACT

Sarglanoids A-F, six new sesquiterpenoids belonging to eudesmane (1-5) and eremophilane (6) types, were isolated from the leaves of Sarcandra glabra, a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Their structures including absolute configurations were elucidated through extensive spectroscopic analysis and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compounds 1-2 were rare N-containing eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoids. Compound 3 exhibited inhibitory activity against nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells with IC50 values at 20.00 ± 1.30 μmol·L-1. These findings provide scientific evidence for sesquiterpenoids as the material foundation of S. glabra.


Subject(s)
Molecular Structure , Plant Leaves , Polycyclic Sesquiterpenes , Seeds , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 283-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928905

ABSTRACT

An integrated digital magnetic resonance imaging spectrometer was proposed in this study. By using the FPGA chip Artix7 200T, timing control, data processing, digital frequency conversion and phase control were implemented into a single-chip, thus effectively improved timing accuracy and phase accuracy, while avoided the structural design complexity caused by multi-board connection and improved system integration and imaging quality.


Subject(s)
Equipment Design , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 51-57, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics and rules of acupoint sensitization phenomena based on knee osteoarthritis (KOA), one of the clinical dominant diseases of acupuncture-moxibustion.@*METHODS@#In combination with literature and expert experiences, the acupoints with the highest use frequency in treatment of KOA were screened, e.g. Heding (EX-LE 2), Liangqiu (ST 34), Mingmen (GV 4), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Ququan (LR 8) and Dubi (ST 35). In 814 patients with KOA and 217 healthy subjects, the acupoint temperature, mechanic pain threshold and pressure pain threshold were detected separately. Using machine learning method, the sensitization was judged at each acupoint.@*RESULTS@#Compared with healthy subjects, the acupoint temperature was increased and the mechanic pain threshold and pressure pain threshold were reduced in KOA patients (P<0.05). Besides, the cut-off value was presented to distinguish whether the acupoint was sensitized or not. The results of machine learning showed that the highest prediction accuracy of acupoint sensitization was 86.7% (Shenshu [BL 23]) and the lowest one was 73.9% (Heding [EX LE 2]). The prediction accuracy at the third clinical stage trial was higher, the highest was 93.3% (Ququan [LR 8]) in KOA patients.@*CONCLUSION@#It is confirmed that the acupoint sensitization reflects the characteristics of disease and is correlative with the conditions of illness, which may provide the reference for the auxiliary diagnosis and condition assessment of KOA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 593-601, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924653

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the research status, research hotspots and trends at home and abroad in the field of rehabilitation assistive devices in the past ten years. MethodsThe relevant articles of rehabilitation assistive devices from 2012 to 2021 in CNKI and Web of Science (WoS) core collection database were retrieved. The authors, countries, institutions, research hotspots, and trends were extracted with CiteSpace and VOSviewer to draw knowledge mapping. Results and ConclusionThe annual articles published at home and abroad has shown an upward trend year by year. The team with the most articles in China is the Yu Hongliu team, and the institution with the most articles is China Assistive Devices and Technology Center for Persons with Disablities. The team with the most foreign articles is the Maysam G team, and the institution with the most articles is the University of Pittsburgh. The United States has the largest number of literatures and the highest intermediary centrality. Research hotspots related to rehabilitation assistive devices at domestic and abroad mainly focus on the design and development of rehabilitation assistive device products, the application of rehabilitation assistive devices in special/vulnerable populations, the application effect of rehabilitation assistive devices and related professional services; the development trend of intelligent assistive device product design and application research based on intelligent perception, brain-like computing, deep learning and virtual/augmented reality is predicted.

14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 69-75, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922574

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the influence of acupuncture on microcirculation perfusion of the pericardium meridian and heart in acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) rats and evaluate whether acupuncture can simultaneously affect the meridians and corresponding viscera. Additionally, acupoints at different meridians were compared and whether they exert the same effects was discussed.@*METHODS@#Totally 32 Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to left anterior descending (LAD) ligation to develop an AMI model. Rats were divided into 4 groups, including AMI, acupuncture Neiguan (PC 6), Lieque (LU 7) and Qiansanli (LI 10) groups (n=8). Eight rats received only thoracotomy (sham-operated group). The rats in the acupuncture groups received manual acupuncture at PC 6, LU 7 and LI 10 acupoints for 15 min, respectively. The microcirculation perfusion of pericardium meridian and heart was monitored by laser speckle perfusion imager (LSPI) before, during and after acupuncture manipulation for 15 min. Subsequently, the perfusion unit (PU) was calculated and analyzed by PSI System.@*RESULTS@#After LAD, compared to pre-acupuncture stage, the heart microcirculation perfusion (HMP) in the AMI group decreased continuously at during-acupuncture (P>0.05) and post-acupuncture stages (P0.05). Compared to pre-acupuncture stage, the PMP and HMP in PC 6 group significantly increased during acupuncture manipulation (both P0.05); however, they were significantly reduced after acupuncture manipulation (both P<0.05). Additionally, HMP of LI 10 group was decreased significantly during acupuncture, especially compared to pre-acupuncture stage (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupuncture at PC 6 obviously increased the PMP and HMP in AMI rats, and the effects were superior to at LU 7 and LI 10 acupoints. It was further confirmed that acupuncture promoted qi and blood circulation, indicating that acupoint specificity exists and features a meridian-propagated effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Electroacupuncture , Meridians , Microcirculation , Myocardial Ischemia , Perfusion , Pericardium , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1475-1479, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955865

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features and auxiliary examination results of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) with restless leg syndrome (RLS) as the first symptom.Methods:The clinical features and auxiliary examination results of one case of sCJD who received treatment in Sichuan Mianyang 404 Hospital were analyzed based on relevant literature.Results:A 59-year-old woman of Han nationality who had sCJD with restless leg-like manifestation of the left lower limb for 18 days was included in this study. The patient was first treated in orthopedic department, but her symptom did not improve after treatment. Twenty days later, she was transferred to neurology department for further treatment. Her daily life and activities were not affected. Head magnetic resonance imaging, electroencephalography, cerebrospinal fluid routine examination and biochemical test results were normal. Five days later, the patient had mild left-sided ataxia, which then progressed rapidly, followed by right-sided ataxia, left-leg spasticity and adduction, involuntary movement, myoclonia, cognitive decline, akinetic mutism, repeated hyperthermia, repeated complex partial seizures. Two weeks later, head magnetic resonance imaging examination revealed hyperintense signal of the cingulate gyrus, frontal cortex and right island cortex on DWI, with cerebellar atrophy and three-phase electroencephalography wave. Four weeks later, CSF14-3-3 protein was positive, and no related genetic mutation in the prion protein gene was found. The duration from onset to death was about 8 months.Conclusion:sCJD is a common subtype of prion protein disease, and the condition can be stabilized for more than 1 month after the onset of RLS. There is no specificity in early clinical and auxiliary examinations, and neither dobutazine treatment nor neurotrophic treatment is effective. The disease progresses rapidly after 1 month, head MRI and EEG reexamination can reveal clues, and CSF14-3-3 protein can assist clinical diagnosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 11-14, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933024

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the safety and efficacy of left atrial appendage closure(LAAC)with Watchman in patients ≥85 years with atrial fibrillation(AF).Methods:515 elderly patients with atrial fibrillation, including 73 patients aged 85 years or older(85~91), who had undergone Watchman LAAC at Zhoupu Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Health Medical College from August 2016 to December 2020, were retrospectively analyzed.Of those ≥85 years, 44(60.3%)with transesophageal echocardiography records were assigned to the elderly group.Fifty-three patients aged 60 to 65 were selected as the control group.Differences in baseline data, intraoperative conditions, antithrombotic treatment plans and 1-year follow-up prognosis were compared between the two groups.Results:Compared with the control group, there was no difference in AF types, history of ischemic stroke/transient ischaemic attack(all P>0.05), but there were higher incidences of coronary heart disease and renal insufficiency, more severe heart failure, higher CHA 2DS 2-VASC(6.0±1.5 vs.3.6±1.5), HAS-BLED(3.2±1.2 vs.2.3±1.3)scores( t values were 7.682 and 3.871, respectively, P<0.05), and a lower one-stop surgery rate(6 cases or 13.6% vs. 27 cases or 50.9%, χ2=10.517, P<0.05)in the advanced age group.There was no difference in the diameter of the Watchman device, rate of device replacement, compression percentage and residual flow between the two groups during the perioperative period.The incidences of device-related thrombosis were 4.5%(2/44)and 3.8%(2/53)for the advanced age group and the control group, respectively, but the difference was not statistically significant( P>0.05). During the 12-month follow-up, there were no cases of ischemic stroke or intracerebral hemorrhage.Three died of heart failure and 1 died of cancer. Conclusions:LAAC with Watchman is safe and effective for patients over 85 years with AF, but the decision on the procedure should be based on careful assessment of patients' cardiac and renal function and general health.

17.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 590-599, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913065

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the populations of freshwater crabs, the intermediate host of Paragonimus and Paragonimus infections in freshwater crabs in the Minjiang River basin along the middle section of Wuyi Mountain, so as to provide baseline data for parasitic disease control and research and expansion of the parasite resource bank. Methods From November 2020 to April 2021, freshwater crabs were sampled from streams and ditches neighboring residential areas in Jianning County and its neighboring Ninghua, Shaowu, Jiangle and Shunchang counties. The crab species was identified based on the morphological features of the terminal segment of the first abdominal appendage of male crabs, and Paragonimus infections were detected in freshwater crabs. The Paragonimus metacercariae were isolated, and the types of metacercariae were identified based on the metacercaria size, cystic wall thickness, and the excretory bladder and intestinal tract morphology. In addition, the prevalence, intensity and index of metacercaria infections were calculated in freshwater crabs. Results There were seven crab species found in Jianning County and six neighboring water systems along the Minjiang River basin, including Sinopotamon jianglense, S. fukinense, Huananpotamon lichuanense, H. lini, H. shenni, H. planopodum, Bottapotamon engelhardti, and there were metacercariae of three Paragonimus species detected in these crabs, including P. westermani, P. skrjabini and P. sanpingensis, with a prevalence rate of 43.6% (125/287). The infection rates of P. westermani, P. sanpingensis and P. skrjabini were 57.1% (48/84), 26.2% (22/84) and 61.8% (21/34) in S. jianglense, and the infection rates of P. westermani and P. sanpingensis were 52.6% (51/97) and 30.9% (30/97) in S. fukinense, while the rate of P. westermani infection was 6.9% (5/72) in H. lichuanense, which is the first record of P. westermani infections in H. lichuanense. Mixed P. westermani and P. sanpingensis infections were predominantly found in freshwater crabs sampled from Jianning County, where the rate of Paragonimus infections was 70.4% (76/108), with 15.3 metacercariae identified in each crab with Paragonimus infections and 1.9 metacercariae found in each gram of crabs with Paragonimus infections, and the index of metacercariae infections was 20.5. In addition, P. westermani, P. skrjabini and P. sanpingensi metacercariae were found in freshwater crabs sampled from Jianning-neighboring counties, where the rate of Paragonimus infections was 52.3% (56/107), with 9.8 metacercariae identified in each crab with Paragonimus infections and 0.9 metacercariae found in each gram of crabs with Paragonimus infections, and the index of metacercariae infections was 4.6. Conclusion There are multiple freshwater crab species and Paragonimus infection is high in freshwater crabs in Jianning County and its neighboring Minjiang River basin, which is a high-risk natural focus for Paragonimus infections.

18.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 675-679, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888797

ABSTRACT

Buxrugulosides A-E, four lignan glycosides (1-4) and a protocatechuate derivative (5) featuring a rare (N, N-diethyl)methyl amino group at aromatic rings, were obtained from the aerial parts of Buxus rugulosa, which is famous for treating coronary heart disease. Their structures including absolute configurations were elucidated by HRMS, 1D and 2D NMR, and by comparing their CD data with previous reports. Compound 1 was a rare sesquilignan, and all of these compounds were the first example of lignans with (N, N-diethyl)methyl amino group.

19.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 482-488, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887763

ABSTRACT

Long-term missing teeth can lead to alveolar bone loss in the edentulous area. Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is a bone augmentation method. It is widely used in clinical practice and broadens the indications of orthodontic treatment to a certain extent. This article reports a case of an adult patient with edentulous space in the maxillary central incisor, which was successfully closed through orthodontic treatment combined with GBR. This study will provide a re-ference for future clinical work.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss , Anodontia , Bone Regeneration , Incisor , Maxilla , Orthodontic Space Closure
20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 188-192, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884865

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine a nomogram model for individualized prediction of the risk for recurrence of early gastric cancer(EGC)in elderly patients undergoing endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD).Methods:This was a retrospective cohort study, with a total of 3 987 elderly EGC patients who underwent ESD treatment between January 2000 and December 2016 after admission to the gastroenterology department of our hospital.Twenty-eight relapsed patients with complete clinicopathological data and follow-up data were selected as the relapse group, and 276 non-relapsed patients were selected as the control group.General data of all patients were collected and a logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze independent risk factors for the recurrence of EGC in patients after ESD.A corresponding nomogram risk prediction model was established by using the R software.Results:Among the 3 987 elderly EGC patients, 29 relapsed after an average follow-up of 2.7 years, and the recurrence rate was 0.73%(29/3 987). The differences in baseline data such as age(≥75 years old), lesion size(≥3 mm), T stage and lymph node metastasis between the recurrence group and the control group were statistically significant(11 cases or 39.3% vs.171 cases or 62.0%, 19 cases or 67.9% vs.111 cases or 40.0%, 9 cases or 32.1% vs.153 cases or 55.4%, 19 cases or 67.9% vs.102 cases or 39.0%, P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that age over 75 years( OR=2.128, 95% CI: 1.373-3.624), T stage( OR=1.763, 95% CI: 1.079-2.934), lesion size≥3 mm( OR=2.604, 95% CI: 1.363-4.217), and lymph node metastasis( OR=2.871, 95% CI: 1.425-5.639)were independent risk factors for the recurrence after ESD in EGC patients( P<0.05). The nomogram model was established based on the above risk factors, and the validation results showed that the predicted value was basically the same as the actual measured value and had good predictive performance.The internal validation results showed that the consistency index was 0.817(95% CI: 0.722-0.941), suggesting that the model had a high accuracy and discrimination. Conclusions:Before ESD for elderly EGC patients is performed, factors such as age, tumor size, T stage and lymph node metastasis should be fully considered to comprehensively evaluate the recurrence rate of EGC after the procedure.This predictive model can improve the diagnostic efficacy of postoperative recurrence and has high clinical value.

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