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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0771, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423382

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction College students are in a critical physical and mental development period, where their health and physical fitness require special attention. It is believed that the combination of strengthening the abdominal core associated with aerobic exercises can increase muscle strength in college students, improving cardiopulmonary function and body composition. Objective Analyze the effects of combined abdominal core training with aerobic training on health and fitness of college students. Methods Samples were selected for research and analysis, and 46 volunteer college students received 12 weeks of abdominal core strength training associated with aerobic training. Changes in college students' physical conditions were compared before and after training, the impact of training on college students' health and fitness were also evaluated. Results When analyzing the changes of the indicators, a promoting effect of abdominal core strength training on students in physical education classes was found. Conclusion Increasing the promotion of strength training is essential so that more physical educators can understand the benefits of strength training and student fitness, allowing for true classroom integration in colleges. Physical education teachers should fully consider the physical and psychological development characteristics and physical development rules of college students. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigating treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução Os estudantes universitários estão em um período crítico de desenvolvimento físico e mental, onde tanto seu desenvolvimento de saúde quanto a aptidão física requerem atenção especial. Acredita-se que a combinação do fortalecimento do centro abdominal associado a exercícios aeróbicos possa aumentar a força muscular dos estudantes universitários, melhorando a função cardiopulmonar e a composição corporal. Objetivo Analisar os efeitos do treinamento combinado do centro abdominal com treinamento aeróbico sobre a saúde e a aptidão física dos estudantes universitários. Métodos Foram selecionadas amostras para pesquisa e análise, e 46 estudantes universitários voluntários receberam um total de 12 semanas de treinamento de força do centro abdominal associados ao treinamento aeróbico. As alterações nas condições físicas dos estudantes universitários foram comparadas antes e depois do treinamento, o impacto do treinamento na saúde e na aptidão física dos estudantes universitários também foram avaliados. Resultados Ao analisar as mudanças dos indicadores, encontrou-se um efeito promotor do treinamento de força do centro abdominal sobre os estudantes constatados nas classes de educação física. Conclusão Aumentar a promoção do treinamento de força é essencial para que mais educadores físicos possam entender os benefícios do treinamento de força e aptidão física dos alunos, permitindo uma verdadeira integração em sala de aula nas faculdades. Os professores de educação física devem considerar plenamente as características de desenvolvimento físico e psicológico e as regras de desenvolvimento físico dos estudantes universitários. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Los estudiantes universitarios se encuentran en un periodo crítico de desarrollo físico y mental, en el que tanto el desarrollo de su salud como su aptitud física requieren una atención especial. Se cree que la combinación del fortalecimiento del núcleo abdominal asociado a ejercicios aeróbicos puede aumentar la fuerza muscular de los estudiantes universitarios, mejorando la función cardiopulmonar y la composición corporal. Objetivo Analizar los efectos del entrenamiento combinado del núcleo abdominal con el entrenamiento aeróbico sobre la salud y la aptitud física de estudiantes universitarios. Métodos Se seleccionaron muestras para la investigación y el análisis, y 46 estudiantes universitarios voluntarios recibieron un total de 12 semanas de entrenamiento de fuerza en el núcleo abdominal asociado a entrenamiento aeróbico. Se compararon los cambios en las condiciones físicas de los estudiantes universitarios antes y después del entrenamiento, y también se evaluó el impacto del entrenamiento en la salud y la aptitud física de los estudiantes universitarios. Resultados Al analizar los cambios en los indicadores, se constató un efecto promotor del entrenamiento de la fuerza del núcleo abdominal en los alumnos de las clases de educación física. Conclusión Aumentar la promoción del entrenamiento de fuerza es esencial para que más educadores físicos puedan comprender los beneficios del entrenamiento de fuerza y la forma física de los estudiantes, permitiendo una verdadera integración en las aulas de las facultades. Los profesores de educación física deben tener plenamente en cuenta las características de desarrollo físico y psicológico y las normas de desarrollo físico de los estudiantes universitarios. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 418-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of 11 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with t (14;19) (q32;q13) . Methods: The case data of 11 patients with CLL with t (14;19) (q32;q13) in the chromosome karyotype analysis results of the Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1, 2018, to July 30, 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: In all 11 patients, t (14;19) (q32;q13) involved IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, and most of them were accompanied by +12 or complex karyotype. An immunophenotypic score of 4-5 was found in 7 patients and 3 in 4 cases. We demonstrated that CLLs with t (14;19) (q32;q13) had a mutational pattern with recurrent mutations in NOTCH1 (3/7), FBXW7 (3/7), and KMT2D (2/7). The very-high-risk, high-risk, intermediate-risk, and low-risk groups consisted of 1, 1, 6, and 3 cases, respectively. Two patients died, 8 survived, and 2 were lost in follow-up. Four patients had disease progression or relapse during treatment. The median time to the first therapy was 1 month. Conclusion: t (14;19) (q32;q13), involving IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, is a rare recurrent cytogenetic abnormality in CLL, which is associated with a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 373-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984632

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the molecular features of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) . Methods: According to 2022 World Health Organization (WHO 2022) classification, 113 CMML patients and 840 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients from March 2016 to October 2021 were reclassified, and the clinical and molecular features of CMML patients were analyzed. Results: Among 113 CMML patients, 23 (20.4%) were re-diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including 18 AML with NPM1 mutation, 3 AML with KMT2A rearrangement, and 2 AML with MECOM rearrangement. The remaining 90 patients met the WHO 2022 CMML criteria. In addition, 19 of 840 (2.3%) MDS patients met the WHO 2022 CMML criteria. At least one gene mutation was detected in 99% of CMML patients, and the median number of mutations was 4. The genes with mutation frequency ≥ 10% were: ASXL1 (48%), NRAS (34%), RUNX1 (33%), TET2 (28%), U2AF1 (23%), SRSF2 (21.1%), SETBP1 (20%), KRAS (17%), CBL (15.6%) and DNMT3A (11%). Paired analysis showed that SRSF2 was frequently co-mutated with ASXL1 (OR=4.129, 95% CI 1.481-11.510, Q=0.007) and TET2 (OR=5.276, 95% CI 1.979-14.065, Q=0.001). SRSF2 and TET2 frequently occurred in elderly (≥60 years) patients with myeloproliferative CMML (MP-CMML). U2AF1 mutations were often mutually exclusive with TET2 (OR=0.174, 95% CI 0.038-0.791, Q=0.024), and were common in younger (<60 years) patients with myelodysplastic CMML (MD-CMML). Compared with patients with absolute monocyte count (AMoC) ≥1×10(9)/L and <1×10(9)/L, the former had a higher median age of onset (60 years old vs 47 years old, P<0.001), white blood cell count (15.9×10(9)/L vs 4.4×10(9)/L, P<0.001), proportion of monocytes (21.5% vs 15%, P=0.001), and hemoglobin level (86 g/L vs 74 g/L, P=0.014). TET2 mutations (P=0.021) and SRSF2 mutations (P=0.011) were more common in patients with AMoC≥1×10(9)/L, whereas U2AF1 mutations (P<0.001) were more common in patients with AMoC<1×10(9)/L. There was no significant difference in the frequency of other gene mutations between the two groups. Conclusion: According to WHO 2022 classification, nearly 20% of CMML patients had AMoC<1×10(9)/L at the time of diagnosis, and MD-CMML and MP-CMML had different molecular features.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic/genetics , Prognosis , Splicing Factor U2AF/genetics , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics
4.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0161, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394835

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: With the 2022 Winter Olympic Games launch, ice and snow sports have come into the spotlight, receiving government incentives to encourage their practice. Objective: Examine the causes of knee injury in skiers, proposing preventive measures for joint injury. Methods: The current situation of joint injury in skiers' knees, joint movement in skiing, the cause of joint injury, and the prevention of joint injury were analyzed, and scientific prevention and corresponding treatment plan were developed according to the results of the analysis. Results: The injury rate among skiers is high. Ligament injury, tendon injury, and muscle strain are the three main types of injury. There are 57 mild injuries of various types to the knee joint - 53.27% of all injuries; 41 moderate injuries, representing 38.32% of all injuries; 9 serious injuries, representing 8.41% of all injuries, with minor injuries. Conclusion: This article examines knee motion and the causes of knee injury in skiers and proposes preventive measures for joint injury. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Com o lançamento dos Jogos Olímpicos de Inverno de 2022, os esportes de gelo e neve entraram em evidência, recebendo incentivos governamentais para encorajamento de sua prática. Objetivo: Examinar as causas da lesão no joelho em esquiadores, propondo medidas preventivas para a lesão articular. Métodos: Foram analisadas a situação atual de lesão articular nos joelhos dos esquiadores, o movimento articular no esqui, a causa das lesões articulares e a prevenção de lesões articulares, além de um plano de prevenção científica e tratamento correspondente, de acordo com os resultados da análise. Resultados: A taxa de lesões em esquiadores é alta. Lesão ligamentar, lesão tendinosa e tensão muscular são os três principais tipos de lesão. Há 57 lesões leves de vários tipos na articulação do joelho - 53,27% de todas as lesões; 41 lesões moderadas, representando 38,32% de todas as lesões; 9 lesões graves, representando 8,41% de todos os ferimentos, com ferimentos menores. Conclusão: Este artigo examina o movimento do joelho e as causas da lesão no joelho em esquiadores, e propõe medidas preventivas para lesão articular. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Con la puesta en marcha de los Juegos Olímpicos de Invierno de 2022, los deportes de hielo y nieve han pasado a ser el centro de atención, recibiendo incentivos gubernamentales para fomentar su práctica. Objetivo: Examinar las causas de las lesiones de rodilla en los esquiadores, proponiendo medidas preventivas de las lesiones articulares. Métodos: Se analizó la situación actual de las lesiones articulares en las rodillas de los esquiadores, el movimiento articular en el esquí, la causa de las lesiones articulares y la prevención de las mismas, y se elaboró un plan científico de prevención y tratamiento correspondiente según los resultados del análisis. Resultados: El índice de lesiones en los esquiadores es alto. Las lesiones de ligamentos, las lesiones de tendones y las distensiones musculares son los tres tipos principales de lesiones. Hay 57 lesiones leves de diversos tipos en la articulación de la rodilla, el 53,27% de todas las lesiones; 41 lesiones moderadas, que representan el 38,32% de todas las lesiones; 9 lesiones graves, que representan el 8,41% de todas las lesiones, con lesiones leves. Conclusión: Este artículo examina el movimiento de la rodilla y las causas de las lesiones de rodilla en los esquiadores, y propone medidas preventivas para las lesiones articulares. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Athletic Injuries/prevention & control , Skiing/injuries , Knee Injuries/etiology , Knee Injuries/prevention & control , Athletic Injuries/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Knee Injuries/epidemiology
5.
STOMATOLOGY ; (12): 57-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965142

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To analyze the correlation between third molar agenesis and craniofacial morphology by studying the location and number of congenital missing third molars and results of craniofacial cephalometric measurement. @*Methods@# A total of 123 patients were included, including 64 patients in the control group without congenital third molar absence and 59 patients in the absence group with at least one third molar absent. Cephalometric measurements included FMA, IMPA, AR-Go, GoGn-Sn, Co-A, Co-Gn, ANS-Me, Go-Me, SN-MP, Ar-Go-Me, SNA, SNB, ANB, Y-axis angle, Y-axis length, Ar-Go, Go-Me, MP-OP, FH-PP, FH-OP, a total of 18 bone tissue indicators, U1-SN, U1-L1, U1-NA, L1-NB, U1-APo and L1-APo, a total of 6 dental indicators, and UL-EP, LL-EP and nasolabial angle, a total of 3 soft tissue indicators. The correlation between congenital agenesis of third molars and craniofacial morphology was analyzed. @*Results@# The most common missing location of the third molar occured in the upper jaw and the most common number of missing teeth was one. In control group, Ar-Go-Me and SN-MP were larger (P<0.05), U1-SN, U1-NA, L1-NB, UL-EP and LL-EP were larger (P<0.05), and U1-L1 was smaller (P<0.01). There were no significant differences in Ar-Go and Go-Me between the two groups(P>0.05). @*Conclusion @#Patients with four third molars are more likely to have backward and downward rotation of the mandible and are more likely to develop into a convex facial type than patients with missing third molars, which has a higher correlation with hyperdivergent growth pattern and convex facial type.

6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 769-776, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985821

ABSTRACT

Objective: To verify the feasibility and accuracy of the transanal multipoint full-layer puncture biopsy (TMFP) technique in determining the residual status of cancer foci after neoadjuvant therapy (nCRT) in rectal cancer. Methods: Between April 2020 and November 2022, a total of 78 patients from the Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of Capital Medical University, the Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University, the Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, the Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University with advanced rectal cancer received TMFP after nCRT participated in this prospective multicenter trial. There were 53 males and 25 females, aged (M(IQR)) 61 (13) years (range: 35 to 77 years). The tumor distance from the anal verge was 5 (3) cm (range: 2 to 10 cm). The waiting time between nCRT and TMFP was 73 (26) days (range: 33 to 330 days). 13-point transanal puncture was performed with a 16 G tissue biopsy needle with the residual lesion as the center. The specimens were submitted for independent examination and the complications of the puncture were recorded. The consistency of TMFP and radical operation specimen was compared. The consistency of TMPF with clinical remission rates for the diagnosis of complete pathological remission was compared by sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value and accuracy. Statistical analysis between groups was performed using the χ2 analysis, and a paired χ2 test was used to compare diagnostic validity. Results: Before TMFP, clinical complete response (cCR) was evaluated in 27 cases. Thirty-six cases received in vivo puncture, the number of punctures in each patient was 13 (8) (range: 4 to 20), 24 cases of tumor residue were found in the puncture specimens. The sensitivity to judgment (100% vs. 60%, χ2=17.500, P<0.01) and accuracy (88.5% vs. 74.4%, χ2=5.125, P=0.024) of TMFP for the pathologic complete response (pCR) were significantly higher than those of cCR. Implement TMFP based on cCR judgment, the accuracy increased from 74.4% to 92.6% (χ2=4.026, P=0.045). The accuracy of the in vivo puncture was 94.4%, which was 83.3% of the in vitro puncture (χ2=1.382, P=0.240). Overall, the accuracy of TMFP improved gradually with an increasing number of cases (χ2=7.112, P=0.029). Conclusion: TMFP is safe and feasible, which improves the sensitivity and accuracy of rectal cancer pCR determination after nCRT, provides a pathological basis for cCR determination, and contributes to the safe development of the watch and wait policy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 738-743, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985816

ABSTRACT

Currently, the standard of clinical complete response (cCR) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for local advanced rectal cancer generally lacks pathological examination, the cCR judged by the current standard is still far from the real pathological complete response. After nCRT, due to the presence of tissue edema and fibrosis, MRI is highly uncertain in determining the staging of local lesions. The precision of colonoscopy biopsy is generally low because residual cancer foci exist primarily in the muscular layer, which limits the determination of cCR by colonoscopy biopsy. Local excision through the anus can resect the whole intestinal wall tissue, which is relatively accurate and close to the real state of remission of the lesion, but there are many problems, such as affecting anal function, high rate of complications, and increased difficulty of following radical surgery. Based on the present diagnosis of cCR, the authors put forward the concept of modified cCR (m-cCR) which combined with the pathological standard of transanal multipoint full-layer puncture biopsy (TMFP). It is possible to improve the accuracy of cCR, and improve the safety of cCR patients who receive wait-and-watch therapy without increasing complications or affecting anal function. The exact conclusion needs to be confirmed by further studies.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 855-861, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985604

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate body mass index (BMI) level, identify the main type of nutritional problem, and describe the population distribution characteristics of BMI among Chinese people aged 80 years or above. Methods: The data of 9 481 oldest-old individuals were obtained from the 2017-2018 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The Lambda-Mu-Sigma method, weighted estimates of BMI, and comparisons by BMI quintiles were used to describe the BMI level and distribution characteristics among the oldest-old. Results: The average age of the participants was (91.9±7.7) years, with P50 of the weighted BMI at 21.9 (95%CI: 21.8-22.0) kg/m2. The result of BMI level showed a decreasing trend with age, with a rapid decline before age 100, and then the trend became slower. There are about 30% of the oldest-old classified as undernutrition, but the prevalence of overnutrition is only about 10%. The population distribution characteristics by BMI quintiles showed the oldest-old with lower BMI levels were likely to have the following characteristics: sociodemographically, to be older, female, ethnic minority, unmarried/divorced/widowed, rural residents, illiterate, with inadequate living expenses, located in Central, South, or Southwest China; regarding lifestyles, lower BMI levels were observed for participants who were smoking, not exercising, lack of leisure activities, or with poor dietary diversity; considering functional status, participants with lower BMI levels were those who have poor chewing ability, disability in activities of daily living, cognitive impairment, hearing loss, visual impairment, or poor self-rated health status. The oldest-old with higher BMI levels were likely to have heart disease, hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, and diabetes. Conclusions: The overall BMI level was low among the Chinese oldest-old and it showed a downward trend with age. Currently, the main nutritional problem among the Chinese oldest-old was undernutrition rather than overweight or obesity. Management of healthy lifestyles, functional status, and diseases would be helpful to reduce the risk of undernutrition among the oldest-old.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Activities of Daily Living , Body Mass Index , East Asian People , Ethnicity , Malnutrition , Minority Groups , Centenarians , Nonagenarians
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 592-597, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985532

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of cardio-metabolic risk factors among children and adolescents aged 7-17 years in (Hebei, Zhejiang, Shaanxi, Hunan) 4 provinces of China and the influence of demographic and economic characteristics on them. Methods: A total of 1 747 children and adolescents aged 7-17 from a Community-based Cohort Study on Nervous System Disease in 2018 were selected. High waist circumference, central obesity, elevated TG, elevated TC, elevated LDL-C, decreased HDL-C, elevated blood pressure, elevated blood glucose, and clustering of risk factors was analyzed. χ2 test was used for univariate analysis, multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between demographic and economic factors and risk factors, and the Cochran-Armitage trend test was used for trend analysis. Results: The detection rates of high waist circumference, decreased HDL-C, elevated blood pressure, elevated TG, elevated blood glucose, central obesity, elevated TC, and elevated LDL-C were 29.08%, 15.28%, 13.17%, 13.05%, 11.79%, 7.33%, 6.53%, and 5.15%, respectively. The rate of clustering of risk factors was 18.37%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of high waist circumference in girls was higher than that in boys (OR=1.67, 95%CI: 1.26-2.22), and the risk of elevated blood glucose and clustering of risk factors was lower than that in boys (OR=0.69, 95%CI: 0.49-0.99; OR=0.72, 95%CI: 0.53-0.99). The risk of high waist circumference, decreased HDL-C, and clustering of risk factors in 13-17 years old group was higher than that in the 7-year-olds group (OR=2.24, 95%CI: 1.65-3.04; OR=1.59, 95%CI: 1.20-2.11; OR=1.75, 95%CI: 1.26-2.44), but the risk of central obesity was lower (OR=0.54, 95%CI: 0.37-0.78). The risk of elevated TC, elevated TG, and decreased HDL-C in children and adolescents in southern was higher than that in northern parts of China (OR=1.88, 95%CI: 1.25-2.83; OR=1.61, 95%CI: 1.17-2.22; OR=1.55, 95%CI: 1.19-2.04), but the risk of high waist circumference and central obesity was lower than that in northern China (OR=0.57, 95%CI: 0.43-0.75; OR=0.62, 95%CI: 0.42-0.90). The risk of decreased HDL-C in rural children and adolescents was higher than in urban children and adolescents (OR=1.36, 95%CI: 1.02-1.83). The risk of multiple risk factors increased with the increase in average monthly household income per capita and BMI level. Conclusions: High waist circumference, decreased HDL-C and elevated blood pressure were prominent cardio-metabolic risk factors among children and adolescents aged 7-17 years in 4 provinces of China in 2018. The region, average monthly household income per capita, and BMI were the main influencing factors of cardio-metabolic risk factors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Cholesterol, LDL , Blood Glucose , Cohort Studies , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Obesity , Hypertension , China/epidemiology , Waist Circumference
10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 849-856, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985486

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the main metals involved in cognitive impairment in the Chinese oldest old, and explore the association between these metal exposures and cognitive impairment. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1 568 participants aged 80 years and older from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study (2017 to 2018). Fasting venous blood was collected to measure the levels of nine metals (selenium, lead, cadmium, arsenic, antimony, chromium, manganese, mercury, and nickel). The cognitive function of these participants was evaluated by using the Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (CMMSE). The random forest (RF) was applied to independently identify the main metals that affected cognitive impairment. The multivariate logistic regression model and restricted cubic splines (RCS) model were used to further verify the association of the main metals with cognitive impairment. Results: The age of 1 568 study subjects was (91.8±7.6) years old, including 912 females (58.2%) and 465 individuals (29.7%) with cognitive function impairment. Based on the RF model (the out-of-bag error rate was 22.9%), the importance ranking of variables was conducted and the feature screening of five times ten-fold cross-validation was carried out. It was found that selenium was the metal that affected cognitive function impairment, and the other eight metals were not included in the model. After adjusting for covariates, the multivariate logistic regression model showed that with every increase of 10 μg/L of blood selenium levels, the risk of cognitive impairment decreased (OR=0.921, 95%CI: 0.889-0.954). Compared with the lowest quartile(Q1) of blood selenium, the ORs (95%CI) of Q3 and Q4 blood selenium were 0.452 (0.304-0.669) and 0.419 (0.281-0.622) respectively. The RCS showed a linear dose-response relationship between blood selenium and cognitive impairment (Pnonlinear>0.05). Conclusion: Blood selenium is negatively associated with cognitive impairment in the Chinese oldest old.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Selenium , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Metals/analysis , Cognitive Dysfunction/epidemiology , China/epidemiology
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1105-1114, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985475

ABSTRACT

Excessive sodium/salt intake is the leading dietary risk factor for the loss of healthy life in the Chinese population. The "Healthy China 2030" Action Plan set the goal of reducing salt intake by 20% by 2030. However, salt intake in China is still at a very high level in the world, with adults reaching 11 g/d, more than twice the recommended limit of 5 g/d. The current policies and action plans of China have targeted catering workers, children, adolescents, and home chefs in salt, oil, and sugar reduction actions. However, there are still obvious deficiencies in the coordinated promotion and implementation. This study, therefore, proposed a set of comprehensive strategies (named CHRPS that is composed of communication and education, salt reduction in home cooking, salt reduction in restaurants, reducing salt content in pre-packaged food, and surveillance and evaluation) and key implementation points for further deepening the salt reduction action in China. These strategies were developed based on the main sources of dietary sodium for Chinese residents, the status of "knowledge, attitude and practice" in salt reduction, evidence of effective intervention measures, existing policies and requirements, and the salt reduction strategies of the World Health Organization and experience from some other countries. As a scientific reference, the CHRPS strategies will help the government and relevant organizations quickly implement salt reduction work and facilitate the earlier realization of China's salt reduction goal.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Adolescent , Humans , Sodium Chloride, Dietary , Sodium, Dietary , Diet , Food , China
12.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 641-648, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985456

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of mixed exposure to greenness and nitrogen dioxide(NO2) and hypertension among the older adults aged 65 years and over in China. Methods: The study subjects were from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey from 2017 to 2018. A total of 15 423 older adults aged 65 years and over meeting the criteria were finally included in the study. A questionnaire survey was used to collect information on demographic characteristics, lifestyle habits and self-reported prevalence of hypertension. Blood pressure values were obtained through physical examination. The level of normalized difference vegetation index(NDVI) was measured by the Medium-resolution Imaging Spectral Radiator(MODIS) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration(NASA). The concentration of NO2 was from China's surface air pollutant data set. Meteorological data was from NASA MERRA-2. The exposure to NDVI and NO2 for each study subject was calculated based on the area within a 1 km radius around their residence. The association between mixed exposure of NDVI and NO2 as well as their interaction and hypertension in older adults was analyzed by using the multivariate logistic regression model. The restrictive cubic spline(RCS) function was used to explore the exposure-response relationship between greenness and NO2 and the risk of hypertension in study subjects. Results: The mean age of 15 423 older adults were (85.6±11.6). Women accounted for 56.3%(8 685/15 423) and 55.6%(8 578/15 423) lived in urban areas. The mean time of residence was (60.9±28.5) years. 59.8% of participants were with hypertension. The mean NDVI level was 0.41±0.13, and the mean NO2 concentration was (32.18±10.36) μg/cm3. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that NDVI was inversely and linearly associated with the hypertension in older adults, with the OR(95%CI) value of 0.959(0.928-0.992). Compared with the T1 group of NDVI, the risk of hypertension was lower in the T3 group, with the OR(95%CI) value of 0.852(0.769-0.944), and the trend test was statistically significant(P<0.05). Compared with the T1 group of NO2, the risk of hypertension was higher in the T2 and T3 groups, with OR(95%CI) values of 1.160(1.055-1.275) and 1.244(1.111-1.393), and the trend test was statistically significant (P<0.05). The result of the RCS showed that NDVI was inversely and linearly associated with hypertension in older adults. NO2 was nonlinearly associated with hypertension in older adults. The interaction analysis showed that NDVI and NO2 had a negative multiplicative interaction on the risk of hypertension, with OR(95%CI) value of 0.995(0.992-0.997). Conclusion: Exposure to greenness and NO2 are associated with hypertension in older adults.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Female , Nitrogen Dioxide , Air Pollution , Prevalence , Hypertension/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Particulate Matter/analysis
13.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 634-640, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985455

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level among the elderly over 65 in 9 longevity areas of China. Methods: The elderly over 65 years old with complete information on plasma vitamin B12 and plasma uric acid from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study (2017 to 2018) were recruited in this study. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, life styles, diet intake, and health status were collected by questionnaire and physical examination; and fasting venous blood was collected to detect the levels of plasma vitamin B12, uric acid and other indicators. Multiple linear regression models were used to analyze the association of plasma vitamin B12 level per interquartile range increase with plasma uric acid level. The association trend of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level was described by restrictive cubic splines fitting multiple linear regression model. Multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze the association of plasma vitamin B12 level stratified by quartiles with hyperuricemia. Results: A total of 2 471 participants were finally included in the study, the age was (84.88±19.76) years old, of which 1 291 (52.25%) were female. The M (Q1, Q3) level of plasma vitamin B12 was 294 (203, 440) pg/ml and the plasma uric acid level was (341.01±90.46) μmol/L. A total of 422 participants (17.08%) were defined with hyperuricemia. The results of multiple linear regression model showed that there was a positive association of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level after adjustment for covariates (P<0.05). An IQR increase in plasma vitamin B12 (237 pg/ml) was associated with a 6.36 (95%CI: 2.00-10.72) μmol/L increase in the plasma uric acid level. The restrictive cubic splines curve showed a positive linear association of log-transformed plasma vitamin B12 with uric acid level (P<0.001). Conclusion: There is a positive association of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level among the elderly over 65 years old in 9 longevity areas of China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Male , Vitamin B 12 , Uric Acid , Cohort Studies , Hyperuricemia , Vitamins , Folic Acid
14.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 626-633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985454

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of the levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) with frailty and its components among the elderly over 65 years old in 9 longevity areas of China. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the Health Ageing and Biomarkers Cohort Study (HABCS, 2017-2018) were used and the elderly over 65 years old were included in this study. Through questionnaire interview and physical examination, the information including demographic characteristics, behavior, diet, daily activity, cognitive function, and health status was collected. The association between hs-CRP and frailty and its components in the participants was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression model and restrictive cubic spline. Results: A total of 2 453 participants were finally included, the age was (84.8±19.8) years old. The median hs-CRP level was 1.13 mg/L and the prevalence of frailty was 24.4%. Compared with the low-level group (hs-CRP<1.0 mg/L), the OR (95%CI) value of the high-level group (hs-CRP>3.0 mg/L) was 1.79 (1.35-2.36) mg/L. As for the components, the hs-CRP level was also positively associated with ADL disability, IADL disability, functional limitation and multimorbidity. After adjusting for confounding factors, compared with the low-level group, the OR (95%CI) values of the high-level group for the four components were 1.68 (1.25-2.27), 1.88 (1.42-2.50), 1.68 (1.31-2.14) and 1.39 (1.12-1.72), respectively. Conclusion: There is a positive association between the levels of hs-CRP and the risk of frailty among the elderly over 65 years old in 9 longevity areas of China. The higher hs-CRP level may increase the risk of frailty by elevating the risk of four physical functional disabilities, namely ADL disability, IADL disability, functional limitation and multimorbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Frailty/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , China/epidemiology
15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 326-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971457

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the method and effect of endoscopic assisted functional rhinoplasty for patients with deviated nose and deviated nasal septum, which achieve correction of nasal morphology and ventilation dysfunction. Methods: The clinical data of 226 patients with deviated nose and deviated nasal septum from June 2009 to February 2022 who were treated by endoscopic assisted functional rhinoplasty in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were analyzed retrospectively. There were 174 males and 52 females, with the age ranging from 7 to 67 years old. The effect was evaluated by subjective and objective evaluation methods. SPSS 27.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: All patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months, 174 cases were cured (174/226, 76.99%), 52 cases were effective (52/226, 23.01%), and the total effective rate was 100% (226/226). The difference between preoperative and postoperative facial appearance deviation was statistically significant ((6.84±2.25)mm vs (1.82±1.05)mm, t=38.94, P<0.001), and the nasal ventilation function of all patients was improved. Conclusions: Endoscopic assisted functional rhinoplasty for the patients with deviated nose combined with deviated nasal septum has the advantages of clear surgical field, fewer complications, and good result. It can achieve the purpose of simultaneous correction of nasal and ventilation dysfunction, which is recommended for popularizing in clinical application.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 939-944, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996711

ABSTRACT

@#Upper gastrointestinal tract cancers originating in the esophagus or esophagogastric junction constitute a major global health problem. On February 28, 2023, National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) released the clinical practice guidelines for esophageal and esophagogastric junction cancer (version 1.2023). This article will interpret the main updates related to the treatment and follow-up in this version compared to the version 5.2022, in order to provide the Chinese clinicians a better basis and reference for the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases.

17.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 279-284, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of combined acupuncture and medication on hyperarousal state and serum copeptin(CPT)in patients with chronic insomnia(CI),and to explore its possible mechanism of action.Methods:A total of 70 CI patients meeting the inclusion criteria were divided into an observation group and a control group by the random number table method,with 35 cases in each group.The control group was given estazolam tablets before bedtime,1 mg/time,once a day.The observation group was treated with additional Yi Nao An Shen acupuncture therapy(acupuncture for benefiting the brain and tranquillization)on the basis of the medication treatment,4 times a week.After 4 weeks of treatment,the Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI)score,insomnia severity index(ISI)score,pre-sleep arousal scale(PSAS)score,hyperarousal scale(HAS)score,and the change in serum CPT level were compared between the two groups.Results:During the study,there were 2 dropout cases in the observation group and 1 dropout case in the control group.After treatment,the PSQI,ISI,PSAS,and HAS scores and the serum CPT level in both groups decreased compared with the same group before treatment,and the intra-group differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).After treatment,changes in each above scale score and the serum CPT level in the observation group were much more significant and were statistically different from those in the control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:Acupuncture plus medication can improve sleep quality,reduce the degree of insomnia,and regulate hyperarousal state in patients with CI,and its mechanism of action may be related to the down-regulation of serum CPT level.

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 81-84, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of mixed reality (MR) application in the reconstruction of mandibular defects.Methods:Eighteen patients with mandibular defects were enrolled in this study, including 10 male patients and 8 female patients, whose age ranged from 27 to 45 years, and the mean age was 35.4 years. All the patients were from the Stomatological Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University, during October 2019 to May 2021. Fibular flaps were used for the reconstruction of the mandibular defects. The patients were randomly divided into three groups, six in each group. In group one, MR-guided mandibular defect repair and reconstruction technique was used. In group two, 3D printed guide-assisted mandibular defect repair and reconstruction technique was used, and in the control group, traditional jaw defect repair and reconstruction technique was used. All the procedures were performed by the same team. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was used for analysis of surgical accuracy, and questionnaires were used to evaluate the outcome of medical communication, occlusal relationship, appearance restoration, and medical experience satisfaction.Results:The mean surgical errors in the group one and group two were (1.75±0.44) mm and (1.81±0.16) mm respectively, which were both significantly lower than that in the control group (3.05±0.83) mm ( tMR=3.38, t3D=3.56, P<0.01). The medical communication (4.60±0.35, 4.52±0.28, tMR=2.90, t3D=2.77, P<0.05), occlusal relationship (4.17±0.32, 4.28±0.39, tMR=3.07, t3D=3.29, P<0.05), and medical experience satisfaction scores (4.26±0.45, 4.25±0.67, tMR=2.50, t3D=2.26, P<0.05) in the experimental groups were significantly higher than those in the control group (4.02±0.34, 3.58±0.33, 3.56±0.32, respectively). There was no significant difference in the satisfaction of appearance recovery among all the groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:MR-guided mandibular repair and reconstruction surgery has high accuracy and is also beneficial to the recovery of occlusal relationship and medical communication.

19.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 625-627, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995769

ABSTRACT

The patient′s ABO blood type and Rh antigen phenotype were identified by monoclonal antibody serum test tube agglutination, and Rh antigen deletion was confirmed by gene sequencing.The ABO blood type and Rh antigen phenotype of the patient were identified using monoclonal antibody serum in vitro agglutination assay, and Rh antigen deletion was confirmed using gene sequencing. The Rh typing saline method showed that the patient was positive for anti D, but negative for anti E, -C, -c, and -e. The saline method for antibody screening showed negative results for cells I to III, positive results for polyamine and anti human globulin tests, positive results for antibody identification cells 1 to 16, and negative results for themselves. Direct anti globulin tests showed negative results. The sequencing results of RhC/E gene showed that exons 9-10 were normal, while exons 1-8 were missing. The patient had a deletion of exons 1-8 of the RhC/E gene, resulting in a loss of Rh antigen E/e and C/c expression. After the first random matching transfusion, the patient produced antibodies targeting E/e and C/c, resulting in an incompatibility between the main and side matching during the second infusion of red blood cell products and the inability to transfuse. In order to solve this situation, first we need to establish a rare blood group bank for Rh C/E gene deletion. Secondly, during the first blood transfusion, a small amount of RH antigen red blood cells should be injected. Stored autologous blood transfusion should also be considered.

20.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 230-235, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995495

ABSTRACT

Oral and maxillofacial-head and neck soft tissue defects affect the appearance of patients, as well as pronunciation, swallowing and other functions. Introduction of the propeller flap in 1991 has improved reconstruction procedures for oral and maxillofacial-head and neck soft tissue defects. A propeller flap has several advantages over traditional local flaps. It improves mobility, colour and texture matching for maxillofacial defect, surgical procedure, and individual satisfaction. Therefore, it can be used as a complement to the traditional flap by providing surgeons with more options. This paper reviews the classification, surgical procedures, and recent clinical applicatiosn and indications of the propeller flap.

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