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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922573

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate whether skin tests are suitable to predict the allergy reactions induced by Chinese herbal injections (CHIs).@*METHODS@#The skin tests including skin prick tests (SPT), intradermal tests (IDT) and provocation tests including subcutaneous tests and intravenous tests were administered to 249 healthy subjects and 180 allergic patients for 3 CHIs, including ginkgolide injection, diterpene ginkgolide meglumine injection and Salvianolate lyophilized injection. The results of the provocation tests were used as the "gold standard" to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the skin tests.@*RESULTS@#The results did not show any significant differences between the healthy and allergy groups in both skin tests and provocation tests (P>0.05). The specificities of SPT and IDT were 0.976 and 0.797, respectively, and the sensitivities of both SPT and IDT were 0.@*CONCLUSION@#Skin tests are insufficient to predict the likelihood of allergic reactions resulting from CHIs. (ChiCTR-CPC-15006921).


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Intradermal Tests , Sensitivity and Specificity , Skin Tests
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921688

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Yangxin Dingji Capsules in the treatment of arrhythmia. PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, CBM and Wanfang databases were electronically retrieved to collect randomized controlled trial(RCT) on the efficacy of Yangxin Dingji Capsules in the treatment of arrhythmia from the time of database establishment to October 20 th, 2020. Two reviewers independently screened out the literatures, input the data, and evaluated the literature quality of the included studies. RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis. A total of 127 studies were retrieved, and 15 articles were included after screening, involving 1 371 cases, with 685 cases in the treatment group and 686 cases in the control group. Yangxin Dingji Capsules combined with anti-arrhythmia western medicine was adopted for intervention in the treatment group, while the patients in the control group were treated with the anti-arrhythmia western medicine alone. Meta-analysis results showed that in arrhythmia patients, the combination of Yangxin Dingji Capsules and conventional western medicine significantly increased the clinical efficacy(RR=1.23, 95%CI[1.17, 1.30], P<0.000 01)and left ventricular ejection fraction(MD=4.31, 95%CI[3.10, 5.52], P<0.000 01), reduced heart rate(MD=-3.79, 95%CI[-7.42,-0.15], P=0.04), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter(MD=-7.06, 95%CI[-11.91,-2.21],P=0.004), left ventricular end-systolic diameter(MD=-4.78, 95%CI[-6.63,-2.93],P<0.000 01), N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide precursor(MD=-200.51, 95%CI[-254.52,-146.51], P<0.000 01)and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein(MD=-1.74, 95%CI[-3.23,-0.24], P=0.02), all with statistically significant differences. Compared with the control group, Yangxin Dingji Capsules had fewer adverse reactions(RR=0.53, 95%CI[0.36, 0.79], P=0.002). The existing evidences showed that Yangxin Dingji Capsules had certain effect in the treatment of arrhythmia, with a safety. However, due to the limitation in sample size, outcome measures and quality of the included studies, more high-quality studies are required to verify the above conclusion.


Subject(s)
Bradycardia , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1283-1290, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921046

ABSTRACT

By searching the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture and moxibustion from CNKI since its inception date to december 31 of 2019, the development status and hot trend of RCTs of acupuncture and moxibustion in China were summarized. The CiteSpace and VOSviewer software were used to perform keyword co-occurrence analysis, clustering analysis, time-zone analysis and citation-burst analysis, and visual map was drawn. As a result, a total of 60 995 articles were included, which were published in 1027 academic journals with 1787 keywords. The publication date was from 1975 to 2019. During the past 45 years, the publications of RCTs on acupuncture and moxibustion had shown an overall growth trend with characteristics of the times. The RCTs of manual acupuncture ranked the top, and its proportion of publications every 5 years was stable in the past 30 years. Since 1994, the hot words such as electroacupuncture, warming needling, auricular point sticking and various acupoint therapies had emerged; meanwhile, the spectrum of diseases had broadened, and an evolutionary trend corresponding to therapies and disease systems had been formed. In recent decade, the RCTs using moxibustion therapy have increased significantly, and the hot words such as "sub-health" "winter diseases being treated in summer" and "acupoint application/ moxibustion during the dog days" had indicated that acupuncture clinical research was further inclined to the field of chronic disease prevention and health services, which was in line with social development and the needs of the times.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888127

ABSTRACT

To analyze the outcome indicators from the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatment for diabetic foot, and to lay a foundation for the establishment of the core index set of the clinical trials on TCM treatment of diabetic foot. Computer retrieval of RCTs on TCM treatment of diabetic foot was performed in CNKI, Wanfang, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase and Web of Science databases. Literature screening and data extraction were conducted independently by two researchers in strict accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria. Any difference was resolved through discussion. A total of 72 RCTs involving 5 791 patients were included and 204 indicators were used. The number of indicators used in a single study was 2-22, with an average of 3 indicators used for each RCT. The indicators with top 16 frequency were clinical total effective rate, ankle brachial index(ABI), ulcer area, TCM syndrome integral, fibrinogen(FIB), fasting blood glucose(FBG), plasma viscosity(PV), c-reactive protein(CRP), saccharification blood of eggs(HbAlc), 2 h postprandial blood glucose(2 hPG), wound healing time, triglyce-rides(TC), TCM efficacy for syndromes, total cholesterol(TG), percutaneous oxygen partial pressure(TCPO2) and TCM symptom scores. The difference in selection of RCT indicators was large among TCM treatment methods for diabetic foot, and the combination of outcome indicators was arbitrary. The description on indexes was not standardized. Some non-laboratory examination indicators, some indicators not recommended in guidelines or not recognized in clinical practice, and some self-made indicators were not explained in detail. There was a lack of standardized evaluation criteria for indicators. The indicators had large time-point difference in measurement, and the time points were not distinguished in the measurement for diabetic foot patients with different degrees of severity. In addition, the patients with long course of treatment weren't timely measured. The characteristics of TCM or significant endpoint indicators were insufficient. It was urgent to establish the core index set of TCM in treating diabetic foot.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879193

ABSTRACT

To systemically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills in treating angina pectoris and co-ronary heart disease. CNKI, Wanfang, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases were retrieved on computer, and the randomized clinical trial(RCT) on Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills in treating angina pectoris and coronary heart disease, which were published from the database establishment to December 31, 2019, were comprehensively collected. Literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation were conducted independently by two researchers according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Literature methodology quality evaluation was conducted with use of the Cochrane Handbook 5.3.0(bias risk assessment tool). Meta-analysis was performed with RevMan 5.3.0 software. A total of 10 RCTs were included. The results of the Meta-analysis showed that as compared with conventional Western medicine alone, the application of Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills combined with conventional Western medicine treatment further improved the total effective rate and electrocardiogram effect(RR=1.43,95%CI[1.20,1.71],P<0.000 1). There were statistically significant differences in the number of angina attacks, the duration of angina and the amount of nitroglycerin used. In terms of safety indicators, four studies reported adverse reactions in the experimental group, including facial flu-shing, tachycardia, dizziness, dyspnea, nausea and other symptoms. Based on the existing findings, in the treatment of angina pectoris and coronary heart disease, Gingko Ketone Ester Dropping Pills combined with conventional Western medicine can improve the clinical total effective rate, electrocardiogram effect, number of angina attacks, duration of angina and the amount of nitroglycerin used. However, in the included studies, due to some methodological quality problems which would impact the reliability of literature results more high-quality randomized controlled trials are still needed for further verification.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Esters , Ginkgo biloba , Humans , Ketones/adverse effects , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reproducibility of Results
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879163

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Compound Danshen Dripping Pills combined with conventional antihypertensive drugs in the treatment of hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy. China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Ovid and Web of Science databases were searched by computer to retrieve the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Compound Danshen Dripping Pills combined with conventional antihypertensive drugs in the treatment of hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy from the establishment of databases to July 2020. After two researchers performed data retrieval, data extraction, and risk assessment of bias, they used RevMan 5.3 software for Meta-analysis. A total of 10 RCTs were included, with a total of 979 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that in terms of interventricular septal thickness(MD=-0.70, 95%CI[-1.15,-0.24], P=0.003), left ventricular posterior wall thickness(MD=-0.81, 95%CI[-1.41,-0.21], P=0.008), left ventricular mass index(MD=-8.75, 95%CI[-17.40,-0.10], P=0.05), systolic blood pressure(MD=-8.97, 95%CI[-13.46,-4.48], P<0.000 1), diastolic blood pressure(MD=-5.87, 95%CI[-8.39,-3.34], P<0.000 01) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter(MD=-1.73, 95%CI[-2.38,-1.08], P<0.000 01), Compound Danshen Dripping Pills combined with conventional antihypertensive drugs was superior to conventional antihypertensive drugs. In terms of left ventricular ejection fraction(MD=0.41, 95%CI[-0.74, 1.55], P=0.49), there was no statistical difference in treatment between the two groups. Because of the small amount of literatures included in the safety aspect, it is impossible to give an accurate conclusion. The GRADE score showed that the level of evidence was low and extremely low. The results show that the Compound Danshen Dripping Pills combined with conventional antihypertensive drugs may effectively improve the clinical efficacy for hypertensive ventricular hypertrophy, and the safety needs to be further explored. Due to the low quality of the included literatures, more high-quality RCTs are needed for verification.


Subject(s)
Antihypertensive Agents/adverse effects , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/drug therapy , Stroke Volume , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879082

ABSTRACT

Since "the implementation of good clinical practice"(GCP), especially after 2015, the overall quality of new drug cli-nical trials in China has made significant progress, but compared with developed countries, there are still some obvious quality problems in clinical trials in China. Clinical trials of new drugs of traditional Chinese medicine are an important part of clinical trials of new drugs in China. In addition to some common problems in all clinical trials, there are also some special quality problems. In terms of security data, such as the collection of human safety data is not standardized, the management and judgment of unexpected serious adverse reactions(SUSAR) were not professional and timely, the relationship between adverse events and trial drug was not fully judged by investigator, In terms of effective data, such as primary efficacy outcome of the scale cannot be traced, TCM syndrome data cannot meet the requirements of "source data" in the revised GCP and the quality of traditional Chinese medicine placebo is not high, in terms of overall quality system construction, the sponsors and research institutions have not established a quality assurance system that conforms to the characteristics of new drug research of traditional Chinese medicine, etc. The quality of clinical trials of new drugs of traditional Chinese medicine is based on the current GCP and ICH-GCP in China, we should also consider the characteristics of clinical trials of new traditional Chinese medicine drugs, and formulate targeted quality control measures according to the characteristics of these new drugs of traditional Chinese medicine, to improve the overall quality of clinical trials of new drugs of traditional Chinese medicine in China, which has important strategic significance for promoting the research and development of new drugs of traditional Chinese medicine in China.


Subject(s)
China , Clinical Trials as Topic , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879029

ABSTRACT

To systemically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Maxing Shigan Decoction in the treatment of community acquired pneumonia(CAP) and provide a reference for the treatment of CAP. Databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science and PubMed were searched(from inception to May 30, 2020) to screen the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Maxing Shigan Decoction in treating CAP. Two authors independently screened and selected relevant literature and extracted data based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Any disagreement or differences was resolved through discussion. The bias risk assessment tool recommended by Cochrane handbook was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies, and RevMan 5.3 software was used for data analysis. Seventeen RCTs were finally included, involving 1 309 patients. Meta-analysis showed that Maxing Shigan Decoction combined with conventional Western medicine treatment could improve clinical efficacy in patients with CAP more effectively as compared with conventional Western medicine treatment alone, mainly in terms of anti-inflammatory effects, a decrease in C-reactive protein(CRP) content(MD=-6.01, 95%CI[-10.95,-1.06], P=0.02)and white blood cell(WBC) count, a decrease in procalcitonin(PCT) level(MD=-0.74, 95%CI[-0.77,-0.71], P<0.000 1), and shortened recovery time of cough and fever. Maxing Shigan Decoction has certain curative effect on CAP, but there are problems in the methodology of included studies. High-quality stu-dies are still needed for further verification.


Subject(s)
Community-Acquired Infections/drug therapy , Cough , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828023

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) is a newly emerged and highly contagious respiratory disease. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has both systematism theory knowledge and clinical practical value in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. Therefore, it was particularly important to examine the effect of TCM in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. The patents of TCM might reflect the latest progression of scientific research. We aimed to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 by extracting and analyzing the TCM patents from the Patent Information Sharing Platform of COVID-19. The antiviral TCM patents were screened and exported from the Patent Information Sharing Platform. VOSviewer 1.6.14 was used to visualize and analyze the network of TCM in these patents. There were total 292 TCM patents, including 52 patents for etiological treatment and 240 patents for symptomatic treatment. Thirty-two provinces and 1 076 inventors were involved, mainly from Beijing, Guangdong and Jiangsu. Overall, there were 356 TCMs, 71 single prescriptions, and 221 compound prescriptions. The patents for treatment of coronavirus mainly focused on the treatment of coronavirus, while the patents for symptomatic treatment mainly focuses on the improvement of respiratory symptoms, such as fever and cough. There were 14 highly frequently used TCMs, including Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Scutellariae Radix, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Forsythiae Fructus, Isatidis Radix, Astragali Radix, Menthae Haplocalycis Herba, Gypsum Fibrosum, Houttuyniae Herba, Isatidis Folium, Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Gardeniae Fructus, Platycodonis Radix, Armeniacae Semen Amarum. The analyzed results of the TCM patents from the patent information sharing platform of COVID-19 were consistent with the Guideline of Diagnosis and Treatment of COVID-19(7th edition), and the combination of TCM in each cluster may also provide future directions for drug compatibility.


Subject(s)
Beijing , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Information Dissemination , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827956

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to investigate the multi-constituent, multi-target mechanism of Xuanfei Baidu Tang(XFBD) in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), through exploring the main ingredients and effective targets of XFBD, as well as analyzing the correlation between XFBD targets and COVID-19. The compounds of each herb in XFBD were collected from TCM-PTD, ETCM, TCMSP and SymMap database. Next, the information of meridian tropisms was collected from Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2015 edition), and the target information of the major constituents of XFBD were obtained from TCM-PTD, ETCM, TCMSP and TargetNet database. Subsequently, the target network model and the major modules were generated by Cytoscape, and the functional enrichment analysis of XFBD targets were completed by DAVID and STRING. As a result, ten of the 13 herbs in XFBD belonged to the lung meridian, and 326 of the 1 224 putative XFBD targets were associated with the disease target of COVID-19, among which 109 targets were enriched in the disease pathways of viral infection and lung injury. The main biological pathways regulated by the key XFBD targets included viral infection, energy metabolism, immunity and inflammation, parasites and bacterial infections. In conclusion, the therapeutic mechanism of XFBD in COVID-19 showed a multi-herb, multi-constituent, multi-target pattern, with lung as the chief targeted organ. By regulating a series of biological pathways closely related to the occurrence and development of diseases, XFBD plays a role in balancing immunity, eliminating inflammation, regulating hepatic and biliary metabolism and recovering energy metabolism balance.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1032-1037, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827166

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of mmu-circRNA_016901 on the regulation of radiation injury of bone marrow stem cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow stem cells were exposed to different dose of X-ray, then the expression level of mmu-circRNA_016901 in bone marrow cells treated with different doses of X-ray was detected. The luciferase reporter gene assay was used to confirm that miRNA1249-5p is the target of mmu-circRNA_016901, and RNA Binding Protein Immunoprecipitation was used to confirm that TGF-β3 is the targeted on miRNA1249-5p,the expression of TGF-β3 and cell proliferation were detected after the expression of mmu-circRNA_01690 was regulated.@*RESULTS@#When the irradiation dose<6 Gy, there were significant difference in the expression of mmn-circRNA-016901 after the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were treated by different doses of irradiation, which showed a statistically significant (P<0.05). The luciferase reporter gene detection and co-immunoprecipitation experiments confirmed that Mmu-circRNA_016901 could binds to miRNA1249-5p specifically, and overexpression of mmu-circRNA_016901 could regulate miRNA1249-5p negatively, which resulted in a significant increase in TGF-β3 expression and promoting of cell proliferation.@*CONCLUSION@#mmu-circRNA_016901 affects the expression of TGF-β3 through miRNA1249-5p, and thus participates in the regulation of the radiation damage mechanism of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , RNA, Circular , Genetics , Radiation Tolerance
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773282

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Tongmai Yangxin Pills in treatment for angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. CNKI, WanFang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase and the Cochrane Library databases were retrieved online to collect randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Tongmai Yangxin Pills for angina pectoris of coronary heart disease since the establishment to November 2018. Two investigators screened out literatures independently, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. The risk assessment of included references was made according to criteria recommended by Cochrane Handbook 5.3. Meta-analysis was then performed by RevMan 5.3 software. A total of 9 RCTs were included. The results of Meta-analysis showed that compared with the single application of chemotherapy, the combined administration with Tongmai Yangxin Pills and Western medicine could significantly improve the clinical efficacy of angina(RR=1.22, 95%CI[1.13, 1.31]), the improvement rate of electrocardiogram(RR=1.31, 95%CI[1.21, 1.42]), and the clinical efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndrome(RR=1.17, 95%CI[1.02, 1.35]). Only one study reported adverse events, while 5 studies reported no adverse event. According to current evidences, in the treatment of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease, Tongmai Yangxin Pills has a better clinical efficacy in the treatment of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease in terms of the improvement rate of electrocardiogram and the clinical efficacy of TCM syndrome. Due to the limited quality and quantity of the included studies, more high-quality studies are required to verify the above conclusions.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Drug Therapy , Coronary Disease , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Electrocardiography , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773146

ABSTRACT

To assess the clinical efficacy of Yiqi Huoxue Chinese patent medicine for coronary heart disease with angina pectoris by using network Meta-analysis method. The relative randomized controlled trials( RCTs) of Yiqi Huoxue Chinese patent medicine for coronary heart disease with angina pectoris were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure( CNKI),Wan Fang,VIP and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database( CBM) in July 2018. Two researchers independently completed the literature screening,data extraction and quality evaluation according to the pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria,and the results were cross-checked.The data were analyzed by Win Bugs,and STATA software was used for plotting. Finally,114 RCTs were included,involving 7 Yiqi Huoxue Chinese patent medicines and 11 775 patients. Network Meta-analysis showed that the total effective rate for improvement in AP symptoms had 7 direct comparisons and 21 indirect comparisons,8 of which were statistically significant. The ECG improvement had 7 direct comparisons and 21 indirect comparisons,7 of which were statistically significant. In terms of the total effective rate of improvement in AP symptoms,the order of efficacy was as follows: Shensong Yangxin Capsules > Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Qishen Yiqi Dropping Pills > Tongxinluo Capsules > Wenxin Granules > Qishen Capsules > Naoxintong Capsules. In terms of ECG improvement,the order of efficacy was as follows: Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Tongxinluo Capsules > Naoxintong Capsules > Qishen Yiqi Dropping Pills> Wenxin Granules > Shensong Yangxin Capsules > Qishen Capsules. The results showed that Shensong Yangxin Capsules and Shexiang Baoxin Pills had certain advantages in the treatment of coronary heart disease with angina pectoris. Due to the small sample size,more studies were required to further verify the evidences.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Drug Therapy , China , Coronary Disease , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689877

ABSTRACT

This systematic review aims to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicines with resolving hard lump function for the treatment of cyclomastopathy. We searched CNKI, WanFang, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, and The Cochrane Library from the inception to January 3 2018, to collect the randomized controlled trials(RCTs)on Chinese patent medicines with resolving hard lump function in treating cyclomastopathy. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the methodological quality of included studies. Then, statistical analysis was performed by using Stata 12.0 and WinBUGS 1.4.3 software. A total of 52 RCTs involving 9 605 patients were finally included. The inventions included 11 commercial Chinese patent medicines with functions of resolving hard lump, such as Rupi Sanjie Capsules, Xiaoru Sanjie Capsules, Ruhe Sanjie Pills, and Hongjin Xiaojie Capsules. The result of direct Meta-analysis showed that: as compared with the simple western medicine group, the Chinese patent medicines such as Hongjin Xiaojie Capsules, Ruhe Sanjie Pills, Rupi Sanjie Capsules, Xiaoru Sanjie Capsules and Xiakucao Oral Liquid could significantly improve the clinical efficacy. In addition, the incidence of adverse reactions of Chinese patent medicines with resolving hard lump function was lower than that in Western medicine group in gastrointestinal reactions, menstrual disorders, leucorrhea abnormalities, liver dysfunction and estrogen-like effect. The network Meta-analysis showed that: Xiaoru Sanjie Capsules, Ruhe Sanjie Pills, Yanlu Rukang Capsules, Quyu Sanjie Capsules, and Hongjin Xiaojie Capsules were the top five in terms of treatment effect. Chinese patent medicines with resolving hard lump function had better clinical efficacy. Due to the low quality of included studies, more high quality RCTs are needed to verify the above conclusion.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687352

ABSTRACT

To mainly analyze the prescription rules of Chinese herbal drugs for radiation induced lung injury, optimize the prescriptions, and provide a reference for the clinical treatment of radiation induced lung injury. The major Chinese databases CNKI, CBM and Wanfang data were searched to obtain the literature on Chinese herbal drugs for radiation induced lung injury. BICOMS 2 software was used to extract and collect all Chinese herbal drugs information and generate the co-occurrence matrix; NetDraw and Gcluto software were then used to make network map and visualization matrix for analysis. A total of 552 articles (19 types and 304 Chinese herbal drugs) were included. Ophiopogon japonicus had the highest frequency (229 times), followed by Astragalus membranaceus(181 times), Glycyrrhiza uralensis (166 times), and Scutellaria baicalensis (150 times). After the classification of efficacy, deficiency-supplementing medicinal (69 kinds of Chinese herbs), heat-clearing medicine (51 kinds of Chinese herbs) and phlegm cough medicine (42 kinds of Chinese herbs) accounted for 53.29% of all the Chinese herbs, acting in the main position. After the prescription analysis for the top 25 herbal prescriptions, six main structures of common prescriptions were found for the treatment of radiation induced lung injury. There are many kinds of Chinese herbal drugs for the treatment of radiation induced lung injury in clinical application. In the future, researchers can mainly focus on Ophiopogon japonicus etc. as the main drugs, combine with other high-frequency Chinese herbal drugs found in this study, or directly refer to the main structures of commonly used prescriptions found in this analysis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687305

ABSTRACT

To assess the clinical efficacy of Chinese medical injection (CMI) for heart failure by using network Meta-analysis method. The relative randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CMI for heart failure were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WanFang Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (SinoMed), PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase in July 2017. RCTs on the comparison of two kinds of CMIs for heart failure were included. Two researchers independently completed the literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation according to the pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the results were crossed checked. The data were analyzed by Win Bugs, and STATA software was used for plotting. Finally, 13 RCTs were included, involving 5 kinds of CMIs and 1 538 patients. According to the quality evaluation, the appropriate random dividing methods were reported in only two RCTs, double-blindness was used in only one RCT, and even none of the RCTs mentioned allocation concealment. Network Meta-analysis showed that Shenmai injection had the greatest effect in the clinical efficacy for patients with heart failure, which was followed by Shenfu Injection. However, Shenfu Injection was most effective in improving the patients' left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), which was followed by Shenmai Injection. Therefore, Shenfu Injection and Shenmai Injection had certain advantages in treating heart failure. However, due to the limited sample size and the poor literature quality, more studies were required to verify the strength of evidence. We suggest that further studies shall pay more attention to the improvement of the methodological quality, increase the follow-up period, and strengthen the observation of cardiovascular end points.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776431

ABSTRACT

The introduction and popularization of evidence-based medicine has opened up a new research field of clinical efficacy evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), produced new research ideas and methods, and promoted the progress of clinical research of TCM. After about 20 years assiduous study and earnest practice, the evidence based evaluation method and technique, which conforms to the characteristics of TCM theory and practice, has been developing continuously. Evidence-based Chinese medicine (EBCM) has gradually formed and become an important branch of evidence-based medicine. The basic concept of evidence-based Chinese medicine: EBCM is an applied discipline, following the theory and methodology of evidence-based medicine, to collect, evaluate, produce, transform the evidence of effectiveness, safety and economy of TCM, to reveal the feature and regular pattern of TCM taking effect, and to guide the development of clinical guidelines, clinical pathways and health decisions. The effects and achievements of EBCM development: secondary studies mainly based on systematic review/Meta-analysis were extensively carried out; clinical efficacy studies mainly relying on randomized controlled trials grew rapidly; clinical safety evaluations based on real world study have been conducted; methodological researches mainly focused on study quality control deepened gradually; internationalization researches mainly on report specifications have got some breakthroughs; standardization researches based on treatment specification were strengthened gradually; the research team and talents with the characteristics of inter-disciplinary have been steadily increased. A number of high-quality research findings have been published at international well-known journals; the clinical efficacy and safety evidence of TCM has been increased; the level of clinical rational use of TCM has been improved; a large number of Chinese patent medicines with big market have been cultured. The future missions of EBCM mainly consist of four categories (scientific research, methodology and standard, platform construction and personnel training) with nine tasks. ①Carry out systematic reviews to systematically collect clinical trial reports of TCM and establish database of clinical evidence of TCM; ②Carry out evidence transformation research to lay the foundation for the development of clinical diagnosis and treatment guidelines, clinical pathways of TCM, and for the screening of basic drug list and medical insurance list, and for the policy-making relevant to TCM; ③Conduct researches to evaluate the advantages and effective regular patterns of TCM and form the evidence chain of TCM efficacy; ④Carry out researches for the safety evaluation of TCM, and provide evidence supporting the rational and safe use of TCM in clinical practice; ⑤Conduct researches on methodology of EBCM and provide method for developing high quality evidence; ⑥Carry out researches to develop standards and norms of TCM, and to form methods, standards, specifications and technical systems; ⑦Establish data management platform for evidence-based evaluation of TCM, and promote data sharing; ⑧Build international academic exchange platform to promote international cooperation and mutual recognition of EBCM research; ⑨Carry out education and popularization activities of evidence-based evaluation methods, and train undergraduate students, graduate students, clinical healthcare providers and practitioners of TCM. The development of EBCM, as it was, not only promoted the transformation of clinical research and decision-making mode of TCM, contributed to the modernization and internationalization of TCM, but also enriched the connotation of Evidence-based Medicine.


Subject(s)
Biomedical Research , Evidence-Based Medicine , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Quality Control , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Systematic Reviews as Topic
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771579

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the clinical application of clinical practice guideline on traditional Chinese medicine therapy alone or combined with antibiotics for pelvic inflammatory disease and provide reference for the revision of the Guideline. Questionnaire research was conducted from applicability and application evaluation. A total of 1 311 copies of valid questionnaires were obtained, including 717 questionnaires on applicability evaluation and 594 questionnaires on application evaluation. There were 83 items from 4 aspects in the applicability questionnaire. In statistical agreement rates of those items to reflect the application status of the Guideline, the rates of 8 items were all more than 95% except for rates of "content integrity", "comparison with the diagnosis and treatment scheme of his/her unit (individual)" and "economy of clinical application", 94.70%, 93.86% and 93.17% respectively. In statistical agreement rates of those items to reflect the quality of the Guideline, the rates of 3 items were all more than 97%, except the rate of "whether syndrome classification is reasonable" item was 95.26%. Among the items that reflect the local purchase difficulty and price evaluation of Chinese patent medicine recommended in the Guideline, most clinicians thought the prices were modest. There were 56 items from 6 aspects in the application evaluation questionnaire. In statistical agreement rates of those items to reflect the application rationality of the Guideline, the rates of 3 items were all more than 96%, except rate of "whether syndrome classification is reasonable" item was 91.58%. In statistical agreement rates of those items to reflect the clinical application effect of the recommended regimen in the Guideline, the traditional application of traditional Chinese medicine decoction had generally better application effect, whereas Chinese patent medicines were less effective. In statistical agreement rates of those items to reflect the overall evaluation of clinical application, the rates of "overall effect" and "overall safety" were all more than 96%, except the rates of "overall economy" item was 92.42%. It indicates that the overall effect of this Guideline is relatively well. It is suggested to improve the classification of syndrome differentiation and increase the species of Chinese medicine decoction and Chinese patent medicines, and to standardize the duration and course of medication. The next revised work should not only uptake the experiences of prominent TCM doctors and all kinds of research achievements, but also regularly update and strengthen the publicity of the Guideline.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771578

ABSTRACT

A questionnaire survey of 1 000 clinicians having experience in treating uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections from different levels of hospitals was conducted to mainly evaluate the applicability and effectiveness of clinical application of clinical practice guideline on traditional Chinese medicine therapy alone or combined with antibiotics for uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection(hereinafter referred to as Guideline). The research was conducted with the three-level quality control strictly throughout the process, and the data was real and reliable. The survey's results showed that: most clinicians considered that the Guideline had good clinical applicability. The availability and price of the recommended medicine were moderate. Traditional Chinese medicine had obvious features and advantages in treating lower urinary tract infection for it could reduce the usage of antibiotics and shorten the course of antibiotic application. In the recommendation section, clinicians proposed increasing medication guidance, updating the Guideline timely, as well as increasing treating methods and techniques, strengthen propaganda and promotion, and improve the use of evidence-based methods. In the evaluation of effectiveness, the majority of clinicians agreed that the definition in both traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Western medicine and differential diagnosis in the Guideline were accurately described and the basic principle of treatment as well as the treating method of TCM were recommended appropriately. The TCM formulas and Chinese patent medicine had good effect. Some clinicians suggested refining the syndrome differentiation of stranguria. Some clinicians considered that the formulas and herbs recommended in Guideline didn't have obvious effect and some had doubts about the manipulation of fumigation and washing in the part of other methods recommended in Guideline. Moreover, specification and procedure of manipulation of fumigation and washing using herbs and the acupuncture included in characteristic TCM therapy treating uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection remained to be developed.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Diagnosis, Differential , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Urinary Tract Infections
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771577

ABSTRACT

Questionnaires and case investigation methods were taken in this paper, taking the clinical practice guideline on traditional Chinese medicine therapy alone or combined with antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infection in children published by the Chinese Medicine Association as the research object. Doctors from 187 hospitals in 29 regions across the country were invited to evaluate the applicability of the Guideline and clinical application effects, so as to collect the opinions on revising the Guideline. Clinicians about 508 accepted the applicability survey of the Guideline, and considered that the structure and content of the Guideline were reasonable, with the proportions being as high as 98.23% and 98.03%, respectively. In the content of syndrome differentiation-based treatment, the factors with higher rationality included therapeutic principle and method (99.41%), diagnosis elements (98.82%), and syndrome differentiation classification (98.03%); while the factors with lower rationality included the rehabilitation and health preserving (97.05%) and complication prevention (97.24%). 98.03% of the clinicians considered theat the Guideline was to be fully applicable and basically applicable, and 1.97% of the clinicians considered it to be applicable after revision. By observing 491 cases, the Guide was applied for evaluation and analysis. The factors with higher compliance included diagnosis of Western medicine disease (100%) and the diagnosis of TCM disease (99.18%); while the factors with lower compliance included the treatment measures, with a compliance rate of 77.18% and 83.05% respectively for simple preparations and other treatment method. The safety and economy of the Guideline were good, 97.35%, 93.89%, respectively. The comprehensive evaluation was good, and 99.41% of the respondents were willing to follow the treatment schemes recommended in the Guideline, suitable for clinical application. The opinions on revision were mainly focused on dialectical treatment, complication prevention and rehabilitation. It indicates that only by actively and extensively soliciting opinions to revise the Guideline, can we improve the quality of the Guideline for clinical practice, so as to raise the level of clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Child , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Respiratory Tract Infections , Drug Therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome
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