Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 79
Filter
1.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 141-147, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966415

ABSTRACT

Antibiotic resistance has emerged as a global threat to modern healthcare systems and has nullified many commonly used antibiotics. β-Lactam antibiotics are among the most successful and occupy approximately two-thirds of the prescription antibiotic market. They inhibit the synthesis of the peptidoglycan layer in the bacterial cell wall by mimicking the D-Ala-D-Ala in the pentapeptide crosslinking neighboring glycan chains. To date, various β-lactam antibiotics have been developed to increase the spectrum of activity and evade drug resistance. This review emphasizes the three-dimensional structural characteristics of β-lactam antibiotics regarding the overall scaffold, working mechanism, chemical diversity, and hydrolysis mechanism by β-lactamases. The structural insight into various β-lactams will provide an in-depth understanding of the antibacterial efficacy and susceptibility to drug resistance in multidrug-resistant bacteria and help to develop better β-lactam antibiotics and inhibitors.

2.
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Journal ; : 118-123, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002679

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics, recurrence, neurological outcomes, and the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in children who visited 2 emergency departments (EDs) with febrile seizure (FS). @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 3,172 episodes, involving 2,510 children aged 6-60 months whose diagnoses were FSs at the EDs in 2 hospitals from 2013 through 2022. Through the review, we analyzed clinical characteristics and associated factors for the recurrence of FS. As a sub-analysis, the variables were compared between before (2017-2019) and during (2020-2022) the pandemic. @*Results@#A total of 3,172 FS-related visits to the EDs were found in 2,510 children. Of these, 890 children (35.5%) underwent recurrences of FS. The recurrence of FS was associated with boys (63.3% vs. 57.8%; P = 0.007), seizures lasting longer than 5 minutes (16.6% vs. 12.7%; P = 0.007), family history of FS (23.7% vs. 16.2%; P < 0.001), complex FS (13.3% vs. 8.0%; P < 0.001), and epilepsy diagnosed thereafter (9.1% vs. 3.0%; P < 0.001). During the pandemic, we noted a decrease in the number of FS-related visits to the EDs (from 1,274 to 383), an increase in the percentage of complex FS (9.3% vs. 13.8%; P = 0.012), and a decrease in the percentage of recurrent FS (49.4% vs. 33.4%; P < 0.001), compared to before the pandemic. @*Conclusion@#Our study identified factors associated with recurrence of FS, and confirmed the increase in complex FS with the decrease in the recurrence during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. These findings could be helpful when caring for children with FS in EDs.

3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 309-312, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977446

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the quality of medical care in North Korea using data from North Korean medical research. @*Materials and Methods@#This study included publications containing the keyword “medical” among North Korea’s consecutive publications and selected 415 papers related to heart disease, brain disease, and emergency medical care published at The North Korean Data Center of the Ministry of Unification (https://unibook.unikorea.go.kr). Among 40 research articles, we reviewed ten with representative epidemiological data for cardiovascular treatment, and the latest medical materials were selected and analyzed in detail. @*Results@#Few studies reported the experience of large-scale medical facilities or verified professional performance. Proof of the efficacy of the latest drugs was rare, although the treatment results of interventional therapy and conventional heart surgery were reported. Efforts to improve emergency medical care and innovation of treatment materials using new technologies were being actively studied. However, careful interpretation is required due to the lack of objectivity in research data and some deviation in the composition of patients included in the data. @*Conclusion@#Research of cardiovascular disease in North Korea is conducted at a very limited scope, although treatment results appear to be recorded. The management of cardiovascular disease and the establishment of an emergency medical system warrant global attention and cooperation for further improvement.

4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 84-92, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919622

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We propose the Lifelog Bigdata Platform as a sustainable digital healthcare system based on individual-centric lifelog datasets and describe the standardization of lifelog and clinical data in its full-cycle management system. @*Materials and Methods@#The Lifelog Bigdata Platform was developed by Yonsei Wonju Health System on the cloud to support digital healthcare and precision medicine. It consists of five core components: data acquisition system, de-identification of individual information, lifelog integration, analyzer, and service. We designed a gathering system into a dedicated virtual machine to save lifelog or clinical outcomes and established standard guidelines for maintaining the quality of gathering procedures. We used standard integration keys to integrate the lifelog and clinical data. Metadata were generated from the data warehouse after loading combined or fragmented data on it. We analyzed the de-identified lifelog and clinical data using the lifelog analyzer to prevent and manage acute and chronic diseases through providing results of statistics on analysis. @*Results@#The big data centers were built in four hospitals and seven companies for integrating lifelog and clinical data to develop the Lifelog Bigdata Platform. We integrated and loaded lifelog big data and clinical data for 3 years. In the first year, we uploaded 94 types of data on the platform with a total capacity of 221 GB. @*Conclusion@#The Lifelog Bigdata Platform is the first to combine lifelog and clinical data. The proposed standardization guidelines can be used for future platforms to achieve a virtuous cycle structure of lifelogging big data and an industrial ecosystem.

5.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 243-249, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72146

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been proposed as a risk factor for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), but this remains controversial. We investigated the association between DM and CTS using both ultrasonography (US) and nerve conduction study (NCS) data. METHODS: We analyzed a prospectively recruited database of neuromuscular US and medical records of subjects who had undergone NCSs and electromyography for symptoms suggestive of CTS. Subjects were assigned to the follow groups: Group I, CTS with DM; Group II, CTS without DM; Group III, no CTS with DM; and Group IV, no CTS without DM. US cross-sectional area (CSA) and NCS measurements at the median nerve (MN) were compared among groups. We used a general linear mixed model to adjust for statistically significant covariates. RESULTS: The 230 participants comprised 22, 83, 19, and 106 in Groups I–IV, respectively. In multivariate analyses, the MN action potential amplitude in females was the only variable that was significantly associated with DM (p<0.001). Groups with DM tended to have a longer latency, smaller amplitude, and lower conduction velocity in the NCSs compared to groups without DM. The measured US CSA values did not differ significantly among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: NCS measurements of the MN tended to differ between DM and non-DM patients regardless of the presence or absence of CTS. However, US did not reveal any statistically significant relationship between CTS and DM.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Action Potentials , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Diabetes Mellitus , Electromyography , Median Nerve , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Neural Conduction , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography
6.
Journal of Agricultural Medicine & Community Health ; : 140-151, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719930

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate health behaviors of patients before and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: The subjects of this study were 120 men and women whose age ranged from 40 years to 69 years among the patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention in Y university hospital that was located in Daegu city and who had diagnosed for 3 months or more and less than 2 years. Structured questionnaire was used to conduct self-administered survey from May 15 to October 12 in 2012. RESULTS: Patients's health behavior score was ranged from 46 to 94 points after the PCI intervention. The score was 65.42±12.99 points before and significantly increased up to 72.53±10.18 points after the PCI intervention (p<.001). According to subcategory of health behavior, significant differences were found in scores of health responsibility (increased interest in health, watching of lecture on health and behavior to be punctual on counseling or medical treatment), diet, smoking, and drinking (p<.001, p=.039, p=<.001). However, no significant change was found in practice efforts such as exercise, eating habits and relaxation for stress management. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, it is necessary to provide education and counseling that enabling patients to improve smoking, drinking, practicing exercise and healthy eating habits.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Counseling , Diet , Drinking , Eating , Education , Health Behavior , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Relaxation , Smoke , Smoking
7.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2016; 32 (5): 1309-1311
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-183277

ABSTRACT

Objective: Fast detection of beta-lactamase [bla] genes can minimize the spread of antibiotic resistance. Although several molecular diagnostic methods have been developed to detect limited bla gene types, these methods have significant limitations, such as their failure to detect almost all clinically available bla genes. We have evaluated a further refinement of our fast and accurate molecular method, developed to overcome these limitations, using clinical isolates


Methods:We have recently developed the efficient large-scale bla detection method [[large-scale]blaFinder] that can detect bla gene types including almost all clinically available 1,352 bla genes with perfect specificity and sensitivity. Using this method, we have evaluated a further refinement of this method using clinical isolates provided by International Health Management Associates, Inc. [Schaumburg, Illinois, USA]. Results were interpreted in a blinded manner by researchers who did not know any information on bla genes harbored by these isolates


Results:With only one exception, the [large-scale]blaFinder detected all bla genes identified by the provider using microarray and multiplex PCR. In one of the Escherichia coli test isolates, a bla[DHA-1] gene was detected using the multiplex PCR assay but it was not detected using the [large-scale]blaFinder


Conclusion:The truncation of a bla[DHA-1] gene is an important reason for an efficient molecular diagnostic method [[large-scale]blaFinder] not to detect the bla gene

8.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 318-320, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-206097

ABSTRACT

Graves' ophthalmopathy occurs in 25-50% of patients with Graves' disease. Although patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy mostly present with hyperthyroidism, a minority of patients have euthyroid or hypothyroid characteristics, which may delay a correct diagnosis. Here, we report a case of euthyroid Graves' ophthalmopathy that was initially negative for thyroid autoantibodies, but later changed to positivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies , Diagnosis , Graves Disease , Hyperthyroidism , Thyroid Gland
9.
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; : 76-80, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222303

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of preoperative fine needle aspiration biopsy cytology (FNAB-C) in predicting lateral lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 592 patients who underwent thyroid cancer surgery and intra-operative lateral cervical LN frozen section or RND, from January 2002 to December 2011, were evaluated retrospectively. Among them, 228 cases had suspicious findings in FNAB-C of lateral nodes. We reviewed their radiological and pathological reports. RESULTS: Intra-operative frozen section examination was performed in 540 cases and RND was performed in 314 cases. This study included 534 women (83.4%) and 106 men (16.6%). Patients' ranged in age from 9 to 83 years (mean, 45.65 years). FNAB-C was performed in 228 cases. The sensitivity and specificity of FNAB-C was 71.5% and 78.6%, respectively; 35.9% of cases had a false negative result. The combination of FNAB-C and intra-operative frozen section test sensitivity and specificity was 87.2% and 93.6%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The results for sensitivity in FNAB-C actually appear low, and false negative results were very high. In papillary thyroid cancer in patients with FNAB-C, even if the result is negative, if lymph node metastasis is suspected based on radiologic evidence, frozen section examination should be performed for determination of metastasis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Frozen Sections , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Neoplasms
10.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 89-91, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-82420

ABSTRACT

Splenosis is defined as heterotopic autotransplantation of spleen tissue following traumatic rupture of the spleen, or surgery. It is a benign disease that is generally without any symptoms and is discovered incidentally. Surgical intervention is recommended if symptoms are present. We report the successful laparoscopic management of a 49-year-old Korean woman with splenosis-associated symptoms who had undergone splenectomy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Autografts , Laparoscopy , Rupture , Spleen , Splenectomy , Splenosis
11.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 131-134, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183713

ABSTRACT

Familial isolated primary hyperparathyroidism(FIPH) is associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome, primary hyperparathyroidism accompanied by jaw-tumor syndrome, and familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia. FIPH may be an early stage of MEN1 or an allelic variant of MEN1. Thymic carcinoid tumor is a rare tumor in MEN1 syndrome. Here, the authors report the case of a 40-year-old man diagnosed with recurrent thymic carcinoid tumor and FIPH. Both the patient and his elder sister had been previously diagnosed to have FIPH with a novel frameshift mutation in the MEN1 gene. Initially, the patient underwent thymectomy because of an incidental finding of a mediastinal mass in his chest X-ray, and had remained asymptomatic over the following 4 years. Pancreas computed tomography conducted to evaluate MEN1 syndrome revealed anterior and middle mediastinal masses, and resultantly, massive mass excision was performed. Histological findings disclosed atypical carcinoids with infiltrative margins. In view of the thymic carcinoid tumor relapse that occurred in this patient, the authors recommend that regular pancreas and pituitary imaging studies be conducted for FIPH associated with a MEN1 gene mutation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Carcinoid Tumor , Frameshift Mutation , Hypercalcemia , Hyperparathyroidism , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Incidental Findings , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 , Pancreas , Recurrence , Siblings , Thorax , Thymectomy
12.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 219-222, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223732

ABSTRACT

Acute appendicitis is a disease resulting from inflammation of the appendix. The most common symptoms and physical examinations are the following: right lower abdomen pain, tenderness, rebound tenderness, nausea, vomiting, and fever. The clinician makes a diagnosis based on these symptoms and physicals along with ultrasonography or radiologic imaging, such as computed tomography (CT), forviewing of the inflamed appendix. In this case a seven-year-old-male visited the Emergency Room with abdominal pain and tendernessin in the right lower quadrant, whose symptoms disappeared spontaneously without treatment, although the bedside ultrasonography showed an inflamed appendix. The patient underwent surgery and the operation findings indicated a concordant diagnosis. We report this case as the cardinal symptom of acute appendicitis has been right lower quadrant pain for many years, which may lead to misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Abdomen , Abdominal Pain , Appendicitis , Appendix , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Errors , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fever , Inflammation , Nausea , Physical Examination , Ultrasonography , Vomiting
13.
Korean Journal of Pathology ; : 265-274, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22349

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate a newly-developed EASYPREP liquid-based cytology method in cervicovaginal specimens and compare it with SurePath. METHODS: Cervicovaginal specimens were prospectively collected from 1,000 patients with EASYPREP and SurePath. The specimens were first collected by brushing for SurePath and second for EASYPREP. The specimens of both methods were diagnosed according to the Bethesda System. Additionally, we performed to REBA HPV-ID genotyping and sequencing analysis for human papillomavirus (HPV) on 249 specimens. RESULTS: EASYPREP and SurePath showed even distribution of cells and were equal in cellularity and staining quality. The diagnostic agreement between the two methods was 96.5%. Based on the standard of SurePath, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of EASYPREP were 90.7%, 99.2%, 94.8%, and 98.5%, respectively. The positivity of REBA HPV-ID was 49.4% and 95.1% in normal and abnormal cytological samples, respectively. The result of REBA HPV-ID had high concordance with sequencing analysis. CONCLUSIONS: EASYPREP provided comparable results to SurePath in the diagnosis and staining quality of cytology examinations and in HPV testing with REBA HPV-ID. EASYPREP could be another LBC method choice for the cervicovaginal specimens. Additionally, REBA HPV-ID may be a useful method for HPV genotyping.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytological Techniques , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Vaginal Smears
14.
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; : 1-7, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152202

ABSTRACT

Most patients with thyroid cancer (of follicular cell origin) are successfully managed with a combination of surgery, radioactive iodine (131I-RAI), and suppression of thyroid-stimulating hormone with thyroid hormone replacement, obtaining survival rates approaching 90% at 20 years. Although the prognosis of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) is favorable, recurrence occurs in up to 30% patients. In addition, many patients with recurrent or metastatic disease, as well as those with less differentiated tumors, will have a much poorer prognosis and lose their ability to concentrate functional iodine and are therefore not targeted by 131I-RAI therapy. There are many treatment options but no definitive treatment for radioiodine refractory thyroid cancer. This paper will discuss the roles of surgical treatment for patients with radioiodine refractory thyroid cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Iodine , Methods , Prognosis , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyrotropin
15.
Korean Journal of Gynecologic Endoscopy and Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 41-45, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33550

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To document our experience of the vascular anomalies or variants in paraaortic region and intend to increase vigilance among the gynecological surgeons for presence of variable vascular anomalies or variants. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 280 patients with various gynecologic malignancies who had undergone systemic laparotomic or laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy between November 2003 and July 2011. RESULTS: We discovered total nine patients of vascular anomalies during the surgery. Seven patients had an accessory polar renal artery. One patient had a duplicated inferior vena cava and the other had a right paravertebral vein. There were no vascular complications such as tearing, ligation or transection. CONCLUSION: It is not uncommon to encounter vascular anomalies in paraaortic region during the lymphadenectomy. Hence, the gynecological surgeons must be cognizant of various vascular anomalies occurring within this area to reduce the vascular accidents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ligation , Lymph Node Excision , Renal Artery , Retrospective Studies , Veins , Vena Cava, Inferior
16.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 753-756, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-54414

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous hemo-pneumothorax, a hemothorax that occurs without trauma, is a very rare condition; however, as a result of excessive bleeding, it can be lethal. Also, if the bleeding is scanty, the physician might recognize hemothorax in case of performing invasive procedures, such as chest tube insertion, and may misunder stand as a complication of the procedure. For this reason, acknowledgement of the spontaneous hemo-pneumothorax in the emergency department is very important. We report on a case of a spontaneous hemo-pneumothorax in a healthy 18-year-old male presenting with chest pain who developed a spontaneous pneumothorax with a profuse amount of hemothorax.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Chest Pain , Chest Tubes , Emergencies , Hemorrhage , Hemothorax , Pneumothorax
17.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 162-165, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70698

ABSTRACT

The synchondrosis between the sixth and seventh costal cartilage is usually used for the base frame in autogenous ear reconstruction. If the synchondrosis is loose, a variety of modifications can be devised. This report introduces new methods for these problems. In cases of incomplete synchondrosis, only the surface of the base block margin was smoothly tapered without carving for the removal of the conchal deepening. The secure fixation of the two segments (helix and antihelix) to the base block using fine wire sutures gave stability to the unstable basal frame. After confirming that all the segments were assembled in one stable piece, the remaining conchal deepening of the basal framework was removed, and the outer lower portion of the basal cartilage was trimmed along its whole length. A total of 10 consecutive patients with microtia, ranging from 8 to 13 years old, were treated from 2008 to 2009. The follow-up period was 6 months to 2 years. Despite incomplete synchondrosis, the stable frameworks were constructed using the authors' method and aesthetically acceptable results were achieved. The proposed method can provide an easy way to make a stable cartilage framework regardless of the variable conditions of synchondrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cartilage , Congenital Abnormalities , Ear , Ear Cartilage , Follow-Up Studies , Sutures
18.
Korean Journal of Gynecologic Endoscopy and Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 100-107, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175418

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare clinicopathologic characteristics and surgical outcomes of laparoscopic surgery in women with endometrial cancer according to body mass index (BMI). METHODS: From June 2009 to October 2010, prospective observational study without randomization of 159 patients treated by laparoscopic surgery from 10 hospitals nationwide. RESULTS: Patients were divided according to the WHO guidelines for Asia-Pacific populations and the distributions of BMI were as follows: 3 patients (1.9%) in underweight (BMI or = 30.0 kg/m2). Age, history of previous surgery, surgery extend, and history of previous surgery were not different between non-obese patients (BMI or = 25.0 kg/m2). Co-morbidities were more common in obese patients but marginally significant (23.5% vs. 37.7%, p=0.072). Four patients (2.5%) were converted to abdominal surgery because of severe adhesion. Regarding to surgical outcomes, operation time was significantly longer in obese patients (199 min vs. 235 min, p=0.013) but blood loss, lymph node yield, hospital stay, Foley removal, transfusion rate and peri-operative complication were not statistically significant. Regarding to pathologic results, there were no difference in terms of lymphovasucular space invasion, tumor grade, histologic type, lymph node metastasis and FIGO stage. CONCLUSION: Clinicopathologic characteristics and surgical outcomes does not seem to be significantly influenced by BMI except operation time. So the laparoscopic approach can be the alternative method for obese patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Body Mass Index , Endometrial Neoplasms , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Obesity , Overweight , Prospective Studies , Random Allocation , Thinness
19.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 82-86, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229596

ABSTRACT

<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) during pregnancy by comparing the operative and obstetric outcomes of patients who during pregnancy underwent LA performed by an expert gynaecologic laparoscopist (LA group) with those patients who underwent an open appendectomy (OA) by a general surgeon (OA group).</p><p><b>MATERIALS AND METHODS</b>In this retrospective study, we evaluated all patients consecutively who had undergone appendectomy for acute appendicitis during pregnancy from January 2000 to December 2010. Twenty-eight patients underwent OA and 15 were treated by LA. We reviewed the clinical charts and analysed the data for each patient's age, parity, body mass index, gestational age at appendectomy, type of appendectomy, operating time, haemoglobin change, hospital stay, histopathological results, postoperative analgesics, complications, and obstetric outcomes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences between the OA and LA groups in terms of clinical characteristics, hospital stay, haemoglobin change, return of bowel activity, complication rates, gestational age at delivery, and birth weight. However, there were significantly shorter operating time and less usage of postoperative analgesics in LA group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LA performed by an expert gynaecologist can be a safe and effective method for treating acute appendicitis during the first and second trimester of pregnancy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Appendectomy , Methods , Reference Standards , Appendicitis , General Surgery , Laparoscopy , Pregnancy Complications , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 190-197, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153068

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This article presents long-term outcomes after correcting secondary bilateral cleft lip nasal deformities using a refined reverse-U incision and V-Y plasty or in combination with a composite graft in order to elongate the short columella. METHODS: A total of forty-six patients underwent surgery between September 1996 and December 2008. The age of the patients ranged from 3 to 19 years of age. A bilateral reverse-U incision and V-Y plasty were used in 24 patients. A composite graft from the helical root was combined with a bilateral reverse-U incision in the 22 patients who possessed a severely shortened columella. The follow-up period ranged between 2 and 10 years. RESULTS: A total of 32 patients out of 46 were evaluated postoperatively. The average columella length was significantly improved from an average of 3.7 mm preoperatively to 8.5 mm postoperatively. The average ratio of the columella height to the alar base width was 0.18 preoperatively and 0.29 postoperatively. The postoperative basal and lateral views revealed a better shape of the nostrils and columella. The elongated columella, combined with a composite graft, presented good maintenance of the corrected position with no growth disturbance. A composite graft showed color mismatching in several patients. Twenty-six patients demonstrated no alar-columella web deformity and satisfactory symmetry of the nostrils. Four patients experienced a drooping and overhanging of the corrected alar-columella web. CONCLUSIONS: A bilateral reverse-U incision with V-Y plasty or in combination with a composite graft was effective in correcting secondary bilateral cleft lip nasal deformity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cleft Lip , Congenital Abnormalities , Follow-Up Studies , Nose , Rhinoplasty , Succinates , Transplants
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL