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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 235-238, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965484

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To examine the diagnostic and prognostic value of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) JPX in mesothelioma, so as to provide insights into diagnosis and prognosis of mesothelioma. @* Methods@# Patients with clinically definitive diagnosis of mesothelioma from 2015 to 2019 that were sampled from asbestos processing plants in Zhejiang Province from 2015 to 2019 were recruited in the mesothelioma group, while healthy residents without asbestos exposure or asbestos-related diseases in the same area served as controls. Participants' demographics, pathologic diagnosis and imaging features were collected, and the expression of blood lncRNA JPX was detected using lncRNA microarrays. The diagnostic value of lncRNA JPX for mesothelioma was evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and the correlation between lncRNA JPX expression and prognosis was examined among mesothelioma patients using survival analysis. @* Results@# There were 17 subjects in the mesothelioma group, with a mean age of (65.71±8.36) years, and 34 subjects in the controls, with a mean age of (64.24±8.70) years. LncRNA microarray detected significantly high lncRNA JPX expression in mesothelioma patients, and higher blood lncRNA JPX expression was detected in the mesothelioma group than in the control group [median (interquartile range), 1.10 (1.31) vs. 0.89 (0.54); t'=-2.300, P=0.034]. The area under the ROC curve was 0.673 (95%CI: 0.507-0.839, P=0.046), and if the cutoff was 1.759, the sensitivity and specificity were 35.3% and 100.0%, respectively. Survival analysis showed no significant difference in the survival rate of mesothelioma patients between the high lncRNA JPX expression group and the low expression group (χ2=0.212, P=0.645). @*Conclusions@# LncRNA JPX overexpression is detected in the blood of patients with mesothelioma, and lncRNA JPX expression presents a diagnostic value for mesothelioma; however, it shows little prognostic value for mesothelioma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 689-696, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993249

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of Onodera's prognostic nutrition index (PNI) before treatment in patients with cervical and upper thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (CUTESCC) undergoing definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) and its predictive value in the occurrence of ≥ grade 2 radiation esophagitis (RE).Methods:The data of 163 CUTESCC patients eligible for inclusion criteria admitted to the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to calculate the best cut-off value of PNI for predicting the prognosis of patients. The prognosis of patients was analyzed by univariate and Cox multivariate analyses. Logistics binary regression model was adopted to analyze the risk factors of ≥ grade 2 RE in univariate and multivariate analyses. The significant factors in logistic multivariate analysis were used to construct nomogram for predicting ≥ grade 2 RE.Results:The optimal cut-off value of PNI was 48.57 [area under the curve (AUC): 0.653, P<0.001]. The median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 26.1 and 19.4 months, respectively. The OS ( χ2=6.900, P=0.009) and PFS ( χ2=9.902, P=0.003) of patients in the PNI ≥ 48.57 group ( n=47) were significantly better than those in the PNI < 48.57 group ( n=116). Cox multivariate analysis showed that cTNM stage and PNI were the independent predictors of OS ( HR=1.513, 95% CI: 1.193-1.920, P=0.001; HR=1.807, 95% CI: 1.164-2.807, P=0.008) and PFS ( HR=1.595, 95% CI: 1.247-2.039, P<0.001; HR=2.260, 95% CI: 1.439-3.550, P<0.001). Short-term efficacy was another independent index affecting PFS ( HR=2.072, 95% CI: 1.072-4.003, P=0.030). Logistic multivariate analysis showed that the maximum transverse diameter of the lesion ( OR=3.026, 95% CI: 1.266-7.229, P=0.013), gross tumor volume (GTV) ( OR=3.456, 95% CI: 1.373-8.699, P=0.008), prescription dose ( OR=3.124, 95% CI: 1.346-7.246, P=0.009) and PNI ( OR=2.072, 95% CI: 1.072-4.003, P=0.030) were the independent factors affecting the occurrence of ≥ grade 2 RE. These four indicators were included in the nomogram model, and ROC curve analysis showed that the model could properly predict the occurrence of ≥ grade 2 RE (AUC=0.686, 95% CI: 0.585-0.787). The calibration curve indicated that the actually observed values were in good agreement with the predicted RE. Decision curve analysis (DCA) demonstrated satisfactory nomogram positive net returns in most threshold probabilities. Conclusions:PNI before treatment is an independent prognostic factor for patients with CUTESCC who received definitive chemoradiotherapy. The maximum transverse diameter of the lesion, GTV, prescription dose and PNI are the risk factors for ≥ grade 2 RE in this cohort. Establishing a prediction model including these factors has greater predictive value.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 780-785, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910468

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of different irradiation doses on postoperative local recurrence in patients with esophageal cancer after radio (chemo) therapy.Methods:Clinical data of 331 esophageal cancer patients presenting with postoperative local recurrence admitted to our hospital from 2009 to 2014 were collected. The recurrence site, the effects of different radiotherapy doses on the prognosis of patients and the independent prognostic factors were retrospectively analyzed. The survival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate prognostic analysis was performed by log-rank test. Multivariate prognostic analysis was conducted by Cox proportional hazard regression model.Results:The 1-, 3-and 5-year overall survival rates were 54.3%, 23.2% and 16.6%, respectively. The median overall survival was 13.4 months (95% CI: 11.7-15.0). The median survival of patients with radiotherapy doses< 60 Gy and ≥60 Gy was 10.8 and 13.9 months ( P=0.013). Stratified analysis showed that patients with age< 60 years, no smoking history, no drinking history, no family history, upper thoracic segment, left thoracotomy, N 0 staging, log odds of positive lymph nodes (LODDS)< 0.030, recurrence time ≥ 13.1 months and recurrence site ≥ 2 had better prognosis when receiving radiotherapy dose ≥ 60 Gy ( P=0.038, 0.033, 0.001, 0.003, 0.018, 0.010, 0.041, 0.039, 0.043 and 0.007). Moreover, the short-term clinical efficacy of patients treated with ≥60 Gy dose was significantly better than that of those with<60 Gy dose ( P<0.001), which did not increase the incidence of ≥grade 2 radiation-induced gastritis ( P=0.977) or radiation-induced pneumonitis ( P=0.444). Cox multivariate analysis showed that the LODDS size, prescription dose and short-term efficacy were the independent factors affecting clinical prognosis of patients ( P=0.006, 0.008 and<0.001). Conclusions:The recommended dose for esophageal cancer patients with local recurrence after radiotherapy (chemotherapy) is greater than or equal to 60 Gy. The results of this study need to be confirmed by prospective studies with a large sample size.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 913-916, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932717

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the feasibility, safety and efficacy using transperitoneal approach guided by puncture catheter on laparoscopic treatment of infectious necrotizing pancreatitis.Methods:The clinical data of 7 patients who underwent laparoscopic treatment of infectious necrotizing pancreatitis using the transperitoneal approach at Jin Hua Jinhua Hospital of Zhe Jiang Zhejiang University from June 2018 to March 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 3 males and 4 females, with age of (49.6±9.4) years old (range 32-65 years old). The general data, operation time, intraoperative blood loss and other clinical data were collected. Hepatobiliary and pancreatic CT was reviewed 1 week after the operation to study the changes in size of lesion, double cannula position and effect of necrotic tissue removal.Results:All patients were treated with percutaneous puncture and drainage under ultrasonic guidance before surgery. The course of the disease before operation was 42-58 days. All patients successfully completed surgery, and 5 patients underwent cholecystectomy. No patients required conversion to open surgery. The operation time was 140-195 min, the intraoperative blood loss was 30-100 ml, the postoperative hospital stay was 28-42 days, the postoperative time to first passed flatus was 2-4 days. Routine hepatobiliary and pancreatic CT 1 week after the operation showed that the degrees of necrosis and infection of pancreas were significantly improved and the lesion cavity was reduced compared with those before the operation. One patient suffered from abdominal hemorrhage after operation. There were no other serious complications. All patients recovered well after 6 to 12 months follow-up.Conclusion:Laparoscopic treatment of infectious necrotizing pancreatitis by using the transperitoneal approach guided by puncture catheter was safe and feasible. The treatment had the advantages of less trauma and fast recovery, and it was especially suitable for patients with biliary pancreatitis.

5.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-200952

ABSTRACT

Background:Malnutrition is common in patients with cancer, whichadversely affectsthesurvival and quality of life ofcancer patients.However, there is no national data on the prevalence of malnutrition inChinese cancer patients. Thisstudy aims to evaluate the prevalenceof malnutrition and quality of life(QOL)ofChinese patients with localregional, recurrentor metastatic cancer,to address the prognostic value of nutritional status and QOLon the survival of cancer patients in China and to validate the patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) questionnaire in Chinese cancer patients.Methods:Thisisanobservational,multi-centered,and hospital-based prospective cohort study.We aimed to recruit 50,000 cancer patients (age 18and above)overan 8-year period.Data collection will occur within 48hrafter patientsare admitted to hospital, 30-days after hospital admission, and the follow-up will be conducted1-8years after enrolment. The primary outcomeisoverall survival, and secondaryoutcomes arelength of hospital stay and hospital costs. Factors measured are demographic characteristics, tumor characteristics, anthropometry measurements,hematological measurement, body composition, PG-SGAscores,Karnofsky performance status scores,and QLQ C30 scores. This protocol wasapproved by local ethical committees of all the participant hospitals.Conclusions: This multi-centered, large-scale, long-time follow-up prospective study will help diagnose malnutrition in cancer patients in China, and identify the related risk factors associated with the negative outcomes. The anticipated results will highlight the need for a truly scientific appraisal of nutrition therapy, and help to improve outcomes among cancer patients in China.Trial Registration: The trial has been registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800020329. Registered on 19 December 2018

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 139-144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799555

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic factors of T1-2N0M0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with definitive radiotherapy.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 196 patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC who were treated with definitive radiotherapy in 10 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed. All sites were members of Jing-Jin-Ji Esophageal and Esophagogastric Cancer Radiotherapy Oncology Group (3JECROG). Radiochemotherapy were applied to 78 patients, while the other 118 patients received radiotherapy only. 96 patients were treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and 100 treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The median dose of plan target volume(PTV) and gross target volume(GTV) were both 60 Gy. The median follow-up time was 59.2 months. Log rank test and Cox regression analysis were used for univariat and multivariate analysis, respectively.@*Results@#The percentage of normal lung receiving at least 20 Gy (V20) was (18.65±7.20)%, with average dose of (10.81±42.05) Gy. The percentage of normal heart receiving at least 30 Gy (V30) was (14.21±12.28)%. The maximum dose of exposure in spinal cord was (39.65±8.13) Gy. The incidence of radiation pneumonia and radiation esophagitis were 14.80%(29/196) and 65.82%(129/196), respectively. The adverse events were mostly grade 1-2, without grade 4 toxicity. Median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 70.1 months and 62.3 months, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates of all patients were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year PFS rates were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that patients′age (HR=1.023, P=0.038) and tumor diameter (HR=1.243, P=0.028)were the independent prognostic factors for OS, while tumor volume were the independent prognostic factor for PFS.@*Conclusions@#Definitive radiotherapy is a promising therapeutic method in patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC. Patients′ age, tumor diameter and tumor volume may impact patients′ prognosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 941-947, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of definitive radiotherapy with different doses on overall survival (OS) and identify the prognostic factors of patients with non-metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods:Clinical data of 2 344 ESCC patients treated with definitive radiotherapy (RT) alone or chemoradiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals were collected and analyzed retrospectively. After the propensity score matching (PSM)(1 to 2 ratio), all patients were divided into the low-dose group (equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions, EQD 2Gy<60 Gy; n=303) and high-dose group (EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy; n=606) based on the dose of radiation. Survival analysis was conducted by Kaplan- Meier method. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed by Cox′s regression model. Results:The median follow-up time was 59.6 months. After the PSM, the 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 66.5%, 34.7%, 27.2% in the low-dose group, 72.9%, 41.7% and 34.7% in the high-dose group, respectively ( P=0.018). The 1-, 3-and 5-year progression-free survival rate was 52.2%, 27.2%, 23.1% in the low-dose group, 58.3%, 38.1% and 33.9% in the high-dose group, respectively ( P=0.001). The outcomes of univariate analysis indicated that cervical/upper esophagus location, early (stage Ⅱ) AJCC clinical stage, node negative status, tumor length ≤5 cm, receiving intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), receiving concurrent chemotherapy and EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy were closely associated with better OS (all P<0.05). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that tumor location, regional lymph node metastasis, concurrent chemotherapy and EQD 2Gy were the independent prognostic factors for OS (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Three-dimensional conformal or IMRT with EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy yields favorable survival outcomes for patients with locally advanced ESCC.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 62-66, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881866

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cognition of remote consultation of pneumoconiosis and analysis of influencing factors on its use intention. METHODS: A total of 282 physicians from 216 hospitals were selected using a convenient sampling method. The cognition of remote consultation of pneumoconiosis was investigated using the Questionnaire of Use Intention of Remote Consultation Mode in the Diagnosis of Pneumoconiosis. A structural equation model was used to analyze the influencing factors of the willingness to use remote consultation. RESULTS: The average scores in the dimensions of subjective norms, attitude, trust, uncertainty, compatibility, comparative advantage, complexity, perceived risk and use intention of remote consultation for pneumoconiosis were(3.7±0.9),(3.7±0.8),(3.5±0.8),(3.7±0.9),(3.7±0.9),(3.8±0.9),(3.0±0.8) and(3.5±0.8), respectively. Structural equation model analysis results showed that, on use intention of remote consultation, the perceived risk and uncertainty had significant negative impact(standardized path coefficient=-0.148 and-0.828, respectively, P<0.01), and compatibility had a significant positive impact(standardized path coefficient=2.053, P<0.01). There was no significant effect of dimensions of subjective norms, attitude, trust, comparative advantage and complexity on use intention(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Perceived risk, uncertainty and compatibility are the main factors affecting the willingness to use remote consultation for pneumoconiosis. Remote consultation for pneumoconiosis is helpful to meet the needs of pneumoconiosis diagnosis in all hospitals.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 490-494, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755057

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the effect of tumor length on the prognosis in stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients treated with definitive radiotherapy and to evaluate the role of tumor length in clinical stage for non-operative ESCC patients.Methods The data of 2 086 ESCC patients who were treated with definitive radiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals (3JECROG) were analyzed.The effect of tumor length on overall survival (OS) was analyzed and stratified analysis of tumor length was done in different stages of ESCC.Results The median OS and median progression-free survival (PFS) time of the whole group were 25.6 months and 18.2 months respectively.The Cox multivariate analysis showed that treatment moda,aga,alinical stage and tumor length were independent prognostic factors.The median,1-,3-,and 5-year OS were 28.9 months,77.3%,45.0%,and 36.3% versus 21.9 months,69.9%,37.9%,and 28.1% for patients with ≤ 5 cm and patients > 5 cm respectively (P<0.05).For stage Ⅱ patienta,abe median OS were 42.1 and 38.9 months respectively in ≤ 5 cm group and>5 cm group (P=0.303).And for stage Ⅲ patienta,abe median OS were 23.9 and 19.3 months respectively in ≤5 cm group and>5 cm group (P<0.001).The median OS with N1was 24.1 and 18.4 montha,aespectively in ≤5 cm group and>5 cm group (P<0.001).Conclusions The tumor length was an independent prognostic factor for stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ patients treated definitive radiotherapy.The tumor length may be helpful in clinical staging of ESCa,aspecially for stage Ⅲ and N1.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 405-411, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755038

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the therapeutic effects between three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer and investigate the prognostic factors.Methods Medical record of 2 132 patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer who underwent definitive radiotherapy with/without chemotherapy in 10 hospitals from January 2002 to December 2016 from were retrospectively analyzed.Among these patients,37.9% of them were aged ≥ 70 years,33.9% with neck and upper esophageal tumors and 66.1% with middle and lower esophageal and borderline tumors.The median gross tumor volume (GTV) and lymph node gross tumor volume (GTVnd) was 41.6 cm3.Among them,32% were stage Ⅱ] and 68% were stage Ⅲ.A total of 723 patients received 3DCRT and 1 409 cases received IMRT.Patients received an equivalent dose in 2 Gy (EQD2) ≥ 60 Gy accounted for 86.1%,and 41.1% of them received concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Results The median follow-up time was 60.8 months.The 1-,3-and 5-year overall survival (OS) of all patients was 73.9%,41.7% and 32.6%,and the 1-,3-and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 62.2%,37.3% and 32%,respectively.Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age,primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume,EQD2 and concurrent chemoradiotherapy were the independent prognostic factors for OS.Age,primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume and EQD2 were the independent prognostic factors for PFS.The OS and PFS did not significantly differ among the low-risk,low-/moderate-risk,moderate-/high-risk and high-risk groups according to age≥70 years,tumor diameter>5 cm,tumor volume ≥41.6 cm3 and stage Ⅲ (P<0.001).After the propensity score matching (PSM) method,neither 3DCRT nor IMRT yielded significant advantages in OS or PFS (P=0.971;P=0.658).However,IMRT tended to yield survival benefits in low-risk patients (P=0.125).Conclusions Both 3DCRT and IMRT yield relatively high OS rate in patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer.The prognosis model established in this investigation can properly predict the survival of patients.Low-risk patients tend to obtain survival benefits from IMRT.

11.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 208-211, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806161

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The feasibility of applying DR card in the quality control of chest film of pneumoconiosis was discussed by using the image detail change of 1 degree star card.@*Methods@#With different types of grid DR device for star card photography, to ensure that the grid bars are orthogonal to the direction of star card image quality is stable, conforms to the DR standard of pneumoconiosis image edge enhancement processing, analysis of the relationship between lung tissue image changes and changes with fuzzy star card. By 3 physicians blind reading way, compare the use of auxiliary judgment and direct x-ray star catu judgment in the accuracy evaluation of whether the use of edge enhancement function.@*Results@#Fuzzy images of star card were consistent with lung tissues details as DR images were treated with edge enhancement. The fuzzy zore was closer to the start card center with more image edge enhancement and more image details sharpening. on the opposite, it was farther from the center with less with edge enhancement and less image sharpening. It's valuable for star card analysis to evaluate the accuracy of the application of image edge enhancement (P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#To determine whether the use of X-ray star catu edge feasible enhancements can be used for health supervision and quality supervision and quality control of the institution itself of radiology.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 329-332, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708412

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (LSPDP) in the treatment of pancreatic benign and borderline tumors.Methods The clinical data of 15 patients with preoperative diagnoses of pancreatic benign or borderline tumors who underwent LSPDP in the Jinhua Hospital,Zhejiang University from March 2013 to March 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.The diameter of tumors ranged from 2.6 to 6.8 cm,with an average of 4.4 cm.Results 15 patients were successfully treated with LSPDP.Twelve patients underwent splenic vessels preservation and 3 without splenic vessels preservation.The average operation time was 215 min (160 ~ 270 min).The mean intraoperative blood loss was 340 ml (180 ~700 ml),and the average postoperative hospital stay was 10.5 days (7 ~ 16 days).There was no patient with postoperative abdominal hemorrhage.Three patients developed postoperative pancreatic fistula and they were treated successfully with conservative therapy.Two patients developed splenic infarction,and the splenic infarction improved markedly after two months on CT.The pathological diagnoses showed 9 patients with serous cystadenoma,4 patients with mucinous cystadenoma,1 patient with a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor and 1 patient with a solid pseudopapillary tumor.There was no recurrence on follow-up which ranged from 6 to 24 months.Conclusions Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy was safe and feasible in the treatment of pancreatic benign or borderline tumors.The Kimura procedure should be performed in preference to the Warshaw procedure.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 959-964, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708300

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the survival and prognostic factors of esophageal cancer treated with definitive ( chemo ) radiotherapy by applying novel radiation techniques including three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Methods Clinical data of 2762 patients with non-operated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent definitive ( chemo ) radiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed.The prognostic factors were also identified and analyzed. Results The median follow-up time was 60. 8 months. The 1-, 2-, 3-and 5-year overall survival (OS) of all patients was 71. 4%,48. 9%,39. 3%,and 30. 9%,respectively.The 1-,2-,3-and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 59.5%,41.5%,35.2%,and 30%,respectively.The median survival was 23 months.The median time to progression was 17. 2 months.Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age, primary tumor location, clinical stage, tumor target volume, EQD2 and treatment mode were the independent prognostic factors for OS.Primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume and EQD2 were the independent prognostic factors for PFS. Conclusions In this first large-scale multi-center retrospective analysis of definitive ( chemo) radiotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in China, the 5-year OS of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is significantly improved by 3DCRT, IMRT combined with chemotherapy drugs. However, the findings remain to be validated by prospective clinical trials with high-level medical evidence.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 492-494, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881729

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the data of occupational pneumoconiosis caused by bentonite dust. METHODS: The data of 2 cases of occupational pneumoconiosis caused by bentonite dust was retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Both 2 cases had a clear history of occupational exposure to bentonite dust. Case 1 has a 14 years and case 2 has 7 years of bentonite exposure history. The radiographic examination of chest X-ray in both cases showed diffuse miliary nodules with high density in both lungs. The small opacity total profusion of chest X-ray images in both cases belong to category 2. The small opacity of lung in case 1 distributed in 5 areas,while case 2 distributed in 4 areas. The pulmonary function test for case 1 showed that the forced vital capacity( FVC) was 81. 4%,the first second forced expiratory volume( FEV_1) was 76. 8%and FEV_1/FVC was 74. 4%,mild pulmonary ventilation damage; lung function test results for case 2 showed: FVC was84. 0%,FEV_1 was 90. 0%,FEV_1/FVC was 93. 0%,pulmonary ventilation function was in the normal range. Case 1 was diagnosed as occupational pneumoconiosis stage Ⅱ( bentonite); Case 2 was diagnosed as occupational pneumoconiosis stageⅠ( bentonite). CONCLUSION: The clinical symptoms and signs of occupational pneumoconiosis caused by bentonite dust are not obvious. Its diagnosis is mainly based on X-ray chest radiograph.

15.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 505-507, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808957

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore window settings technology in the digital radiography of pneumoconiosis, and to improve the quality of the digital chest radiographs.@*Methods@#25 female workers in a asbestos product processing enterprise were examined with high-kV and DR chest radiographies on same day. Consistency of pneumoconiosis diagnosis@*results@#were assessed. Results In the 75 groups of radiograph quality results, there are 62 groups that need to be processed window in order to make the correct diagnosis. The crude agreement among two chest radiographs was 28% for the profusion of small opacities and 76% for the classification of pneumoconiosis, the weighted kappa value (κ) was 0.33 (95%CI: 0.12-0.54) and 0.67 (95%CI: 0.42-0.92) .@*Conclusions@#window settings technology can display different parts of chest and make DR chest radiograph to meeting the requirements of chest radiograph quality for pneumoconiosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 35-40, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509162

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Objective To analyze the prognosis of advanced esophageal carcinoma treated with paclitaxel and different platinum?based chemotherapy regimens plus intensity?modulated radiotherapy ( IMRT) , and to explore an optimal chemotherapy regimen. Methods A total of 242 patients with advanced esophageal carcinoma who were admitted to our hospital and treated with paclitaxel and cisplatin ( 68 patients), nedaplatin (85 patients), lobaplatin (58 patients), or oxaliplatin (31 patients) plus IMRT from 2008 to 2014 were enrolled as subjects. The prognosis of the four groups was analyzed after 2, 3, and ≥4 cycles of chemotherapy. The survival rates were calculated by the Kaplan?Meier method and analyzed by the log?rank test. The Cox model was used for the multivariate prognostic analysis. Results The sample number of 3 years was 168 cases. In all the 242 patients, the medium survival time was 31. 1 months and the 3?year overall survival ( OS) rate was 47. 4%. There was no significant difference in the 3?year OS rate between the cispaltin, nedaplatin, lobaplatin, and oxaliplatin groups ( 46. 2% vs. 56. 4% vs. 45. 7% vs. 29. 0%, P=0. 090) . The stratified analysis showed that the cisplatin, nedaplatin, and lobaplatin groups had a significantly higher OS rate than the oxaliplatin group ( 50. 1% vs. 29. 0%, P=0. 021 ) . There was no significant difference in the 3?year OS rate between patients receiving 2, 3, and≥4 cycles of chemotherapy ( 40. 1% vs. 49. 5% vs. 50. 8%, P=0. 264) . The multivariate analysis showed that esophageal tumor volume and the maximal size of metastatic lymph node were independent prognostic factors. Conclusions Combined with IMRT, paclitaxel plus cisplatin, nedaplatin, or lobaplatin?based chemotherapy achieves improved survival rates than paclitaxel plus oxaliplatin?based chemotherapy. Esophageal tumor volume and the maximal size of metastatic lymph node are independent prognostic factors.

17.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 8-13, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612179

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guided ethanol ablation of benign insulinoma and compare its' advantages and disadvantages with surgical treatment. Methods From April 2011 to February 2016, clinical data of 38 patients with benign insulinoma treated by EUS-guided ethanol ablation or surgical treatment were retrospectively analyzed. Results 97.4% (37/38) patients had a typical clinical manifestation of Whipple's triad, and the I/G ratio of 82.9% patients (29/35) was more than 0.3 with their onset of hypoglycemia. The positive preoperative etiologic diagnosis rates of transabdominal ultrasonography, CT, MRI, PET/CT and EUS were 50.0%, 67.6%, 66.7%, 75.0%, 89.7% respectively. In the current study, 18 patients underwent EUS-guided ethanol ablation (EUS-FNI group) and 20 patients received surgicaltreatment (surgical group). Compared with the surgical group, the operation time, intraoperative hemorrhage volume, postoperative complications, length of stay and hospitalization costs were significantly reduced in the EUS-FNI group (P < 0.05). No treatment-related complications was observed in EUS-FNI group, while 40.0% (8/20) patients in surgical group had complications. During the follow-up period, all these patients maintained stable blood glucose without taking medication, and there's no recurrence of insulinoma in EUS-FNI group after the last treatment with alcohol injection; In surgical group, only 90.0% (18/20) patients had no recurrence, episode of hypoglycemia was less after the operation in 10.0% (2/20) patients. Conclusion EUS-guided ethanol ablation of benign insulinoma is safe and effective, compared with traditional surgical treatment, EUS-guided ethanol ablation is minimally invasive, costs less, recovers fast after treatment and has fewer complications.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 105-108, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487557

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the regions of abdominal lymph node metastasis in recurrent thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma ( TE-SCC) after radical surgery, and to guide the design of target volume in postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy. Methods Patients with TE-SCC who were admitted to our hospital from February 2005 to April 2013 were enrolled as subjects. All patients were diagnosed with abdominal lymph node metastasis by imaging after R0 radical surgery. The exact regions of abdominal lymph node metastasis were classified according to the 7th edition of American Joint Committee on Cancer ( AJCC) TNM staging system for gastric cancer, and then retrospectively analyzed. The difference of two group was analyzed by χ2 test. Results Among the 1593 eligible patients, 148( 9. 3%) were diagnosed with abdominal lymph node metastasis after surgery. In the 148 patients, the abdominal lymph node metastasis rates in the upper, middle, and lower thoracic esophagus were 2. 3%, 7. 8%, and 26. 6%, respectively ( P=0. 000);the incidence rates of pathological stages T1/2 and T3/4 were 8. 7% and 9. 5%, respectively ( P=0. 601);the incidence rates of 0-2 and ≥3 metastatic lymph nodes in postoperative pathological examination were 4. 8%and 20. 1%, respectively (P=0. 000). The abdominal lymph node metastasis rate was the highest in the para-aortic lymph node ( 16a2) , followed by para-aortic lymph node ( 16a1) and the lymph nodes around the celiac trunk, posterior area of the pancreatic head, and common hepatic artery ( 64. 9%, 41. 2%, 37. 8%, 32. 4%, and 20. 9%) , yielding an overall metastasis rate of 91. 9%. Conclusions The major regions of abdominal lymph node metastasis in esophageal carcinoma after radical surgery include para-aortic lymph nodes ( 16a2 and 16a1) and the lymph nodes around the celiac trunk, posterior area of the pancreatic head, and common hepatic artery. These regions are the abdominal target volumes of postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy.

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Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 385-388,393, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601599

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the prognostic factors of advanced esophageal carcinoma (EPC) with concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Methods A total of 200 advanced EPC patients between January 2008 and December 2011 were reviewed,and all of them received concurrent chemoradiotherapy,either IMRT or CRT.Among them,there were 92 and 108 patients in the IMRT and CRT group,respectively.The chemotherapy scheme was paclitaxel combined with different platinum drugs (cisplatin,nedaplatin,oxaliplatin or lobaplatin).The number of chemotherapy cycles was 2-4.Results Patients who received IMRT had a significant higher 3-year overall survival (OS) than that who received CRT (63.6 % vs 38.9 %,x2 =12.102,P =0.001).Three-year OS differed no significantly between different chemotherapy regimens.There were 44.6 %,57.5 %,52.5 % and 52.5 % for those who received cisplatin,nedaplatin,oxaliplatin and lobaplatin,respectively (x2 =2.756,P =0.431).Patients received different cycles of chemotherapy had comparable treatment outcome,and the overall survival were 44.1%,51.6 % and 57.4 % for those who underwent 2,3 and 4 chemotherapy cycles at 3 years,without any statistical significance (x2 =2.497,P =0.287).Univariate analysis indicated that lesion length on X-ray,M stage,6th edition UICC staging and radiotherapy methods were the potential predictive factors.Multivariate analysis shown that gender,lesion length on X-ray and radiotherapy methods were the significant prognostic factors.Conclusion The significant prognostic factors for advanced EPC with concurrent chemoradiotherapy are mainly lesion length on X-ray and radiotherapy methods.

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Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 33-36, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326091

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the results of pathological diagnosis of 41 patients with malignant mesothelioma between Chinese and Japanese experts, and to provide a basis for the standard for diagnosis of mesothelioma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The medical information and tissue samples of 41 patients with malignant mesothelioma were collected in a hospital in Zhejiang Province from 2003 to 2010. The expression levels of calretinin, Wilms' tumor suppressor gene (WT1), podoplanin (D2-40), cytokeratins (CK5/6, AE1/AE3, and CAM5.2), epithelial membrane antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen, BerEP4, MOC31, thyroid transcription factor-1, estrogen receptor, and progesterone receptor in tumor tissues were measured using immunohistochemical staining by Japanese experts, and the pathological classification and diagnosis were made. The results of diagnosis, pathological classification, immunohistochemical marker selection, and slide review were compared between Chinese and Japanese experts.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-nine (70.7%) cases were diagnosed as mesothelioma by Japanese experts, among whom 12 (41.4%) cases were pleura mesothelioma, and 17 (58.6%) cases were peritoneal mesothelioma. Ten (24.4%) cases were confirmed without mesothelioma, and 2 (4.9%) cases were not confirmed due to insufficient information. Thirty-two (78.0%) cases were diagnosed as mesothelioma by Chinese experts, among whom 8 (25.0%) cases were pleura mesothelioma, and 24 (75.0%) cases were peritoneal mesothelioma. One (2.4%) case was confirmed without mesothelioma, and 8 (19.5%) cases were not confirmed. There were significant differences in the results of diagnosis between Chinese and Japanese experts. However, their pathological classifications of mesothelioma were similar. Significant differences in immunohistochemical marker selection and slide review were also found between Chinese and Japanese experts.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The diagnostic skills of those pathological experts in this hospital remain to be further improved for mesothelioma diagnosis. A panel of immunohistochemical markers including at least 2 mesothelioma-positive and 2 mesothelioma-negative markers are recommended for the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, Neoplasm , Biomarkers , Biomarkers, Tumor , Cell Adhesion Molecules , China , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Reference Standards , Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule , Immunohistochemistry , Japan , Lung Neoplasms , Classification , Diagnosis , Mesothelioma , Classification , Diagnosis , Observer Variation
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