Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 46
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1315-1328, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881201

ABSTRACT

Bcr-Abl threonine 315 to isoleucine 315 (T315I) gatekeeper mutation induced drug resistance remains an unmet clinical challenge for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Chemical degradation of Bcr-Abl

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 43-49, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885731

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the change rules of quantitative parameters of magnetic resonance-perfusion weighted imaging (MR-PWI) in cynomolgus monkeys with different degrees of liver fibrosis, and to explore the best parameter of MR-PWI in evaluating the severity of liver fibrosis.Methods:Liver fibrosis models of twenty-two cynomolgus monkeys were successfully established by subcutaneous injection of carbon tetrachloride and feeding with high-fat food. Among them, 15 cynomolgus monkeys developed into early liver cirrhosis (stage S4 of liver fibrosis). Compatibility group design was adopted, the comparative study on MR-PWI of exchange double blood supply model of liver was carried out in these 15 cynomolgus monkeys with a complete development process of liver fibrosis. The quantitative parameters of MR-PWI included endothelial transfer constant ( ktrans), reflux rate constant ( kep), extravascular extracellular space fractional volume ( ve), fractional plasma volume ( vp) and hepatic artery perfusion index (HPI). The change rules of the above parameters and their correlation with the severity of hepatic fibrosis were analyzed. The best parameter of MR-PWI was explored. Compatibility group design (randomized block design), analysis of variance, SNK- q test, Spearman rank correlation analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results:ktrans and kep of MR-PWI of cynomolgus monkeys decreased along with the progress of hepatic fibrosis, and the differences were statistically significant ( F=685.228, 99.718, both P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences between each stage of hepatic fibrosis (S1 to S4) and normal liver tissue (S0) ((0.527±0.038), (0.479±0.035), (0.432±0.032) and (0.387±0.031) mL/min vs.(0.584±0.044) mL/min, all P<0.01; (2.193±0.307), (1.997±0.301), (1.624±0.174) and (1.532±0.130) mL/min vs. (2.565±0.482) mL/min, all P<0.01). There were statistically significant in ktrans and kep between stage S3, S4 severe liver fibrosis and stage S1 mild liver fibrosis, stage S2 moderate liver fibrosis (all P<0.01), however there were no statistically significant differences between stage S3 and stage S4 liver fibrosis, between stage S1 and stage S2 liver fibrosis (all P>0.05). Along with the development of the severity of liver fibrosis, HPIs increased gradually, and the differences were statistically significant ( F=839.883, P<0.01). The HPIs of stage S0 to S4 were 0.244±0.022, 0.317±0.035, 0.421±0.046, 0.546±0.043 and 0.651±0.058, respectively, and there were statistically significant differences between groups (all P<0.01). Along with the progression of the severity of liver fibrosis, vp decreased while ve increased gradually, but there were no statistically significant differences among groups (all P>0.05). The results of Spearman rank correlation analysis indicated that ktrans and kep were negatively correlated with the severity of liver fibrosis ( rs=-0.875 and -0.797, both P<0.01), however HPI was positively correlated with the severity of liver fibrosis ( rs=0.959, P<0.01). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that area under curves (AUCs) of ktrans, kep and HPI in the diagnosis of early cirrhosis were 0.852 (95% CI 0.767 to 0.937), 0.799 (95% CI 0.700 to 0.897) and 0.967 (95% CI 0.932 to 1.002), respectively. The best cut-off values were 0.395 mL/min, 1.561 mL/min and 0.590, respectively. The sensitivity was 86.7%, 79.6% and 97.4%, respectively and the specificity was 77.4%, 71.9% and 93.1%, respectively. The thresholds of HPI in the diagnosis of liver fibrosis at stage S1, stage S2, stage S3 and stage S4 were 0.291, 0.376, 0.503 and 0.590, respectively; the sensitivity was 95.7%, 93.8% and 94.4% and 97.4%, respectively and the specificity was 89.5%, 84.7%, 91.3% and 92.7%, respectively. Conclusions:The parameters of MR-PWI change regularly with the development of liver fibrosis in the cynomolgus monkey model, among which HPI is the best parameter for quantitative evaluation of the severity of liver fibrosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a prognostic model of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with differential expression of autophagy genes.Method:Autophagy genes expression data of HCC and normal liver tissues were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and The Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) database respectively. The gene expression data from different platforms is normalized into log 2(FPKM value + 1). Differentially expressed autophagy-related genes of HCC were identified by using R program limma package from the TCGA-GTEx combined data set, the criteria of |logFC| > 1 and FDR < 0.05 was deemed to be of statistically significance. The Gene Ontology (GO) analyses and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses were performed by using R program clusterProfiler package, as criteria of P<0.05. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed by using R program survival package to identify the HCC potential prognostic differentially expressed autophagy-related genes. Furthermore, the statistically significant ( P<0.05) autophagy genes in the univariate Cox regression analysis were included in the multivariate Cox regression analysis, and the expression of each differentially expressed autophagy gene and the corresponding regression coefficient coef value based on this, the autophagy gene prognosis model of HCC was constructed: expmRNA1×βmRNA1+ expmRNA2×βmRNA2+ …+ expmRNAn×βmRNAn (exp: gene expression level; β: regression coefficient coef of multivariate Cox regression analysis). Draw the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the predictive model and calculate the area under curve (AUC) to evaluate the predictive value of the model. Results:The genes expression data and clinical information of 374 HCC samples and 160 normal liver tissue samples were obtained from TCGA and GTEx databases. Total 205 autophagy genes expression data was obtained from the TCGA-GTEx combined sequence. Among them, SPNS1, DIRAS3, TMEM74, NRG2, NRG1, IRGM, IKBKE, NKX2-3, BIRC5, CDKN2A, TP73 are differentially expressed autophagy genes that meet the screening criteria. GO analysis mainly enriched in "regulation of protein serine/threonine kinase activity" , "ErbB 2 signaling pathway" , "protein kinase regulator activity" and "kinase regulator activity" ; KEGG analysis enriched frequently in "EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance" , "Hippo signaling pathway" . After integrating and deleting samples with missing survival information, a total of 418 sample expressions were included in the Cox regression analysis. After univariate and multivariate Cox risk regression analysis, the two autophagy genes NRG1 ( HR=1.5565, 95% CI: 1.1793-2.0543) and IKBKE ( HR=1.7502, 95% CI: 1.2093-2.5330) were screened out and a prognostic prediction model was established: (0.44247 × NRG1 expression level) + (0.55977 × IKBKE expression level). The ROC of the prognosis model shows that the AUC of the overall seven-year survival is 0.711. Conclusion:The prognosis model of HCC based on NRG1 and IKBKE has high predictive value for the long-term survival rate of hepatocellular carcinoma patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of autophagy in ischemia postconditioning (IPO)-induced attenuation of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice.Methods:Thirty-two SPF healthy adult male C57BL/6J mice, aged 9-12 weeks, weighing 25-29 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=8 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), intestinal I/R group (group IIR), group IPO and IPO plus 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group (group IPO+ 3-MA). The model of intestinal I/R was established by occlusion of superior mesenteric artery for 45 min followed by 2-h reperfusion in anesthetized animals.The mice underwent 3 cycles of 30-s reperfusion followed by 30-s ischemia before restoration of reperfusion in group IPO.Blood samples from the femoral artery were collected at 2 h of reperfusion for determination of concentrations of serum diamine oxidase (DAO), D-lactate (D-LA) and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP). The animals were then sacrificed and intestinal tissues were removed for microscopic examination of the pathologic changes which were scored according to Chiu and for determination of the expression of autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1 and p62 (by Western blot). The water content of intestinal tissues was calculated. Results:Compared with group S, the Chiu′s score, concentrations of serum DAO, D-LA and I-FABP, water content of intestinal tissues, and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio were significantly increased, Beclin-1 expression was up-regulated, and p62 expression was down-regulated in IIR, IPO and IPO+ 3-MA groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group IIR, the Chiu′s score, concentrations of serum DAO, D-LA and I-FABP, water content of intestinal tissues, and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio were significantly decreased, Beclin-1 expression was up-regulated, and p62 expression was down-regulated in group IPO ( P<0.05). Compared with group IPO, the Chiu′s score, concentrations of serum DAO, D-LA and I-FABP, and water content of intestinal tissues were significantly increased, LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰratio was decreased, Beclin-1 expression was down-regulated, and p62 expression was up-regulated in group IPO+ 3-MA ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Autophagy is involved in ischemia postconditioning-induced attenuation of intestinal I/R injury in mice.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880540

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of Guilu Erxian Glue (, GEG) on cyclophosphamide (CTX)-induced bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) senescence in mice and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#The H@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, GEG increased cell viability as well as proliferation (P<0.05 or P<0.01) and reduced β -gal expression. Furthermore, GEG significantly decreased the expressions of p16@*CONCLUSION@#GEG can alleviate CTX-induced HSCs senescence in mice, and the p16

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1391-1394, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800388

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the surgical methods and their effects on endometrial cancer in the elderly, in order to provide the reference for clinical treatment plans.@*Methods@#From January to December 2018, 90 elderly patients with endometrial cancer in our hospital were treated with the conventional radical hysterectomy(the control group, n=45)and the extensive hysterectomy with pelvic autonomic nerve(the observation group, n=45). The operation and postoperative complications of the two groups were observed and analyzed.@*Results@#There was no significant difference in the operation time and intraoperative blood loss between the two groups(t=1.305 and 0.240, P=0.097 and 0.405), but the patients had the postoperative extubation time, exhaust time and defecation time in the observation group were significantly shorter than in the control group(9.5±1.6 d vs.13.8±1.7 d, 35.6±4.7 h vs.45.1±4.2 h, 70.3±7.6 h vs.84.5±6.6 h, t=12.356, 10.110, 9.463 and 29.160, respectively, all P=0.000). The total incidence of postoperative complications was lower in the observation group than in the control group(11.11% or 5/45 vs.35.56% or 16/45, χ2=7.516, P=0.006).@*Conclusions@#Compared with the traditional radical hysterectomy, extensive hysterectomy with systematic preservation of pelvic nerve for the treatment of endometrial cancer can significantly reduce surgical trauma, protect pelvic function and promote postoperative recovery, and it has a positive effect on long-term quality of life in the elderly.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1391-1394, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824575

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the surgical methods and their effects on endometrial cancer in the elderly,in order to provide the reference for clinical treatment plans.Methods From January to December 2018,90 elderly patients with endometrial cancer in our hospital were treated with the conventional radical hysterectomy(the control group,n=45)and the extensive hysterectomy with pelvic autonomic nerve (the observation group,n =45).The operation and postoperative complications of the two groups were observed and analyzed.Results There was no significant difference in the operation time and intraoperative blood loss between the two groups(t =1.305 and o.240,P=0.097 and 0.405),but the patients had the postoperative extubation time,exhaust time and defecation time in the observation group were significantly shorter than in the control group(9.5 ± 1.6 d vs.13.8±1.7 d,35.6±4.7 h vs.45.1±4.2 h,70.3±7.6 h vs.84.5±6.6 h,t =12.356,10.110,9.463 and 29.160,respectively,all P =0.000).The total incidence of postoperative complications was lower in the observation group than in the control group(11.11% or 5/45 vs.35.56% or 16/45,x2=7.516,P =0.006).Conclusions Compared with the traditional radical hysterectomy,extensive hysterectomy with systematic preservation of pelvic nerve for the treatment of endometrial cancer can significantly reduce surgical trauma,protect pelvic function and promote postoperative recovery,and it has a positive effect on long term quality of life in the elderly.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817689

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate the value of medical exome sequencing in copy number variation detection in genetic diseases. 【Methods】 Here we tested two separated cases. There are no similar symptoms except intelligent disability between the cases. Fragile X syndrome,G-banding,chromosome microarray and medical exome sequencing were sequenced tested for the two cases and their parents. 【Results】We found the copy number variants in both of the patients from the two families,which distributed from 11.4 kb to 13.03 Mb in size. The copy number variants were all verified by other technologies. 【Conclusion】 medical exome sequencing is useful for the detection of copy number variation in genetic diseases,although the value still need more verification.

9.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1054-1057, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734219

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the enhanced performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasouond( CEUS) parametric imaging , and to explore the diagnostic value of CEUS parametric imaging in predicting extracapsular invasion and cervical lymph node metastasis of papillary thyroid cancer( PTC) . Methods One hundred and fifty-eight PTCs in 136 patients pathologically proven papillary thyroid carcinoma between January 2016 and January 2017 were enrolled in this study . According to the pathological results of extracapsular invasion and cervical lymph node metastasis respectively ,the PTCs were grouped into the negative group and the positive group . The parametric imaging features of the two groups were summarized to explore the risk factors of extracapsular invasion and cervical lymph node metastasis of PTCs respectively . Results The parametric imaging suggested that centripetal enhancement had a significant effect on extracapsular invasion ( P =0 .001) . While there was no difference in the perfusion start time of extracapsular invasion between the negative and positive group ( P > 0 .05 ) . Besides , there was no statistical significance in the perfusion start time and perfusion pattern of cervical lymph node metastasis between the negative and positive group (all P >0 .05) .Conclusions The parametric imaging features help predicting extracapsular invasion in PTCs . And the ones with centripetal enhancement patterns are more often with extracapsular invasion .

10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 393-398, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689745

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To evaluate the analgesic effect of intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA) versus that of periprostatic nerve block anesthesia (PPNB) in initial transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-PB) for patients with different prostate volumes (PV).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 253 patients undergoing initial TRUS-PB in our hospital from January 2014 to November 2017 were divided into three PV groups (<50 ml, 50-100 ml, and >100 ml), each again randomized into three subgroups (control, IRLA, and PPNB) with the random number table method. The pain during the procedure was assessed based on the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores and the blind method was used by the biopsy operator, VAS valuator and data analyst.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the patients with PV <50 ml, the VAS scores in the blank control, IRLA, and PPNB subgroups were 4.39±0.87, 3.51±0.84 and 3.43±1.07, respectively, remarkably higher in the control than in the IRLA and PPNB groups (P<0.05), but with no statistically significant differences between the latter two (P>0.05). Among those with PV of 50-100 ml, the VAS scores in the three subgroups were 4.50±1.05, 4.38±1.13 and 3.38±1.44, respectively, markedly higher in the control and IRLA than in the PPNB group (P<0.05), but with no statistically significant differences between the former two groups (P>0.05). Among those with PV >100 ml, the VAS scores in the three subgroups were 5.19±1.05, 5.00±1.25 and 4.19±0.91, respectively, remarkably higher in the former two groups than in the latter (P<0.05), but with no statistically significant differences between the former two groups (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Either IRLA or PPNB can be recommended for initial TRUS-PB in patients with PV <50 ml, PPNB for those with PV of 50-100 ml, and PPNB with other painkillers for those with PV >100 ml.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Rectal , Aged , Anesthesia, Local , Methods , Anesthetics, Local , Biopsy , Humans , Male , Nerve Block , Methods , Pain Measurement , Pain, Procedural , Prospective Studies , Prostate , Pathology
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758797

ABSTRACT

Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and Salmonella Pullorum have significant damaging effects on the poultry industry, but no previous vaccine can protect poultry effectively. In this study, a recombinant-attenuated S. Pullorum strain secreting the NDV hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) protein, C79-13ΔcrpΔasd (pYA-HN), was constructed by using the suicide plasmid pREasd-mediated bacteria homologous recombination method to form a new bivalent vaccine candidate against Newcastle disease (ND) and S. Pullorum disease (PD). The effect of this vaccine candidate was compared with those of the NDV LaSota and C79-13ΔcrpΔasd (pYA) strains. The serum hemagglutination inhibition antibody titers, serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies, secretory IgA, and stimulation index in lymphocyte proliferation were increased significantly more (p 0.05). Moreover, the novel strain provides 60% and 80% protective efficacy against the NDV virulent strain F48E9 and the S. Pullorum virulent strain C79-13. In summary, in this study, a recombinant-attenuated S. Pullorum strain secreting NDV HN protein was constructed. The generation of the S. Pullorum C79-13ΔcrpΔasd (pYA-HN) strain provides a foundation for the development of an effective living-vector double vaccine against ND and PD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Bacteria , Chickens , Hemagglutination , HN Protein , Homologous Recombination , Immunoglobulin A, Secretory , Immunoglobulin G , Lymphocytes , Methods , Newcastle disease virus , Newcastle Disease , Plasmids , Poultry , Salmonella , Suicide , Vaccines
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771554

ABSTRACT

At present, lung cancer ranks second and first respectively in the incidence and the mortality among malignant tumors. It is urgent to find new effective anti-lung cancer drugs with less side effects and relatively defined mechanisms. Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-mediated apoptosis pathway is an effective way to promote tumor cell apoptosis; diterpenoid tanshinone (DT), an effective part separated from Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, was found to have an anti-lung cancer effect in previous studies via ERS-induced PERK-EIF2α pathway. In this paper, human lung adenocarcinoma PC9 cell line and nude mouse transplantation tumor model were applied to verify the anti-lung cancer effect of DT in vivo and in vitro, and illuminate the potential mechanism via ERS induced IRE1α/caspase 12 apoptosis pathway. The results showed that in vivo, DT could promote PC9 cell apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner, up-regulate Bip, IRE1 and TRAF2 protein expressions in tumor tissue, reduce tumor weight and alleviate bodyweight loss. In vitro, DT inhibited the proliferation of PC9 cell line in a concentration-dependent manner, and destroyed the structure of mitochondria in PC9 cell, promoted Bax, IRE1α, Bip, TRAF2 and caspase 12 protein expressions, lower Bcl-2 protein expression in a time-dependent manner. DT shows a good effect on anti-lung cancer both in vivo and in vitro. The mechanism is related to the activation of ERS-induced IRE1α/caspase 12 apoptosis pathway and the promotion of cell apoptosis. ERS-mediated apoptosis pathway may be an important target of DT on anti-lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Abietanes , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Mice , Signal Transduction
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2447-2460, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690189

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The increasing frequency of explosive injuries has increased interest in blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI). Various shock tube models have been used to study bTBI. Mild-to-moderate explosions are often overlooked because of the slow onset or mildness of the symptoms. However, heavy gas cylinders and large volume chambers in the model may increase the complexity and danger. This study sought to design a modified model to explore the effect of moderate explosion on brain injury in mice.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Pathology scoring system (PSS) was used to distinguish the graded intensity by the modified model. A total of 160 mice were randomly divided into control, sham, and bTBI groups with different time points. The clinical features, imaging features, neurobehavior, and neuropathology were detected after moderate explosion. One-way analysis of variance followed by Fisher's least significant difference posttest or Dunnett's t 3-test was performed for data analyses.</p><p><b>Results</b>PSS of mild, moderate, and severe explosion was 13.4 ± 2.2, 32.6 ± 2.7 (t = 13.92, P < 0.001; vs. mild group), and 56.6 ± 2.8 (t = 31.37, P < 0.001; vs. mild group), respectively. After moderate explosion, mice showed varied symptoms of malaise, anorexia, incontinence, apnea, or seizure. After bTBI, brain edema reached the highest peak at day 3 (82.5% ± 2.1% vs. 73.8% ± 0.6%, t = 7.76, P < 0.001), while the most serious neurological outcomes occurred at day 1 (Y-maze: 8.25 ± 2.36 vs. 20.00 ± 4.55, t = -4.59, P = 0.048; 29.58% ± 2.84% vs. 49.09% ± 11.63%, t = -3.08, P = 0.008; neurologic severity score: 2.50 ± 0.58 vs. 0.00 ± 0.00, t = 8.65, P = 0.016). We also found that apoptotic neurons (52.76% ± 1.99% vs. 1.30% ± 0.11%, t = 57.20, P < 0.001) and gliosis (2.98 ± 0.24 vs. 1.00 ± 0.00, t = 14.42, P = 0.021) in the frontal were significantly higher at day 3 post-bTBI than sham bTBI.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>We provide a reliable, reproducible bTBI model in mice that can produce a graded explosive waveform similar to the free-field shock wave in a controlled laboratory environment. Moderate explosion can trigger mild-to-moderate blast damage of the brain.</p>

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662163

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pollution status of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in water supply systems of Minhang District of Shanghai taking Huangpu River and Qingcaosha reservoir as water source.Methods A total of 126 water samples were collected from water supply system for residents in Minhang District in Feb.(dry season) and Aug.(wet season) of 2016,including source water from Huangpu River and Qingcaosha reservoir,the factory finished water and tap water.Purge and trap gas chromatography mass spectrometry was used for the qualitative and quantitative determination of 86 kinds of VOCs.Results Totally,32 and 28 kinds of VOCs were detected in the water supply systems from the Huangpu River and Qingcaosha reservoir,among which 19 and 21 pollutants were priority-controlled by the US EPA,and 18 and 14 species have the national standard in China separately.The concentration of detected pollutants ranged from 0.04 μg/L to 213μg/L and from 0.04μg/L to 728μg/L,respectively.The pollutants in the supply system of the Huangpu river were at the lower level except for methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE).The pollutants in the supply system of Qingcaosha reservoir were lower than the national standards in addition to dichloromethane and 1,2-dichloroethane,and with the higher level of Methyl chloride and MTBE.In both water supply systems,halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons and aromatic compounds were mainly types of VOCs,but there were varied types and quantities of compounds in each water supply system.The halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons accounted for 37.5% and 56.2% of the detected VOCs respectively,while aromatic compounds accounted for 64.3% and 28.6%.A total of 5 disinfection by-products (DBP) were detected in both water supply systems,but the concentrations of dichloromethane,chloroform,bromodichloromethane and dibromochloromethane in the Qingcaosha reservoir water supply system were significantly higher than those in the Huangpu River water supply system,except for bromoform.The concentration of the disinfection by-products in order from large to small were in the tap water,factory finished water and source water,while dichloromethane was an exception.Conclusions There were VOC pollutions in both water supply system in Minhang District,including source water,factory finished water and tap water,with different pollution characteristics.Adequate attention should be paid to the pollutants without national standards in the future water quality monitoring work.

15.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1520-1525, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660050

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a host-vector balanced lethal system of attenuated Salmonella typhinurium secreted effector K1 mutant,and an live vaccine vector which stably carries exogenous genes. Methods:We constructed SL1344ΔsseK1Δasd mutant strain by recombinant suicide plasmid( pREΔasd) ,and screened by two-step method,transformed pYA3493 plasmid containing the asd gene without resistance electric into the mutant strain of SL1344ΔsseK1Δasd, then the recombinant strain SL1344ΔsseK1Δasd (pYA3493) was constructed successfully. Results:The results of PCR and sequencing showed that SL1344ΔsseK1Δasd(pYA3493)was constructed successfully. Further studies had shown that the serotype of the recombinant strain was identical to the parent SL1344ΔsseK1 and wild SL1344 strains,and the mutant was stable with the recombinant Δasd gene in vitro. It was found that the re-combinant strain had displayed identical growth profile and biochemical characteristics compared with the parent SL1344ΔsseK1 strain and wild SL1344 strain. The oral challenge of bacteria in mice revealed that LD50 of the recombinant strain was 5. 24×108 CFU,and the toxicity reduced to about 0. 048%;the immunoprotective effect assay showed that the protection rate infected with wild strain of Salmonella typhimurium was 62. 5% on the 17th day post-immunization,which was identical to the parent SL1344ΔsseK1. Conclusion:These results show that the secreted effector K1 gene deleted mutant host-vector balanced lethal system of Salmonella typhimurium SL1344 strain has been successfully constructed,and genetic stability,significantly reduced virulence,which has laid a foundation for developing potential oral live vaccin vector to express foreign genes.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659502

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pollution status of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in water supply systems of Minhang District of Shanghai taking Huangpu River and Qingcaosha reservoir as water source.Methods A total of 126 water samples were collected from water supply system for residents in Minhang District in Feb.(dry season) and Aug.(wet season) of 2016,including source water from Huangpu River and Qingcaosha reservoir,the factory finished water and tap water.Purge and trap gas chromatography mass spectrometry was used for the qualitative and quantitative determination of 86 kinds of VOCs.Results Totally,32 and 28 kinds of VOCs were detected in the water supply systems from the Huangpu River and Qingcaosha reservoir,among which 19 and 21 pollutants were priority-controlled by the US EPA,and 18 and 14 species have the national standard in China separately.The concentration of detected pollutants ranged from 0.04 μg/L to 213μg/L and from 0.04μg/L to 728μg/L,respectively.The pollutants in the supply system of the Huangpu river were at the lower level except for methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE).The pollutants in the supply system of Qingcaosha reservoir were lower than the national standards in addition to dichloromethane and 1,2-dichloroethane,and with the higher level of Methyl chloride and MTBE.In both water supply systems,halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons and aromatic compounds were mainly types of VOCs,but there were varied types and quantities of compounds in each water supply system.The halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons accounted for 37.5% and 56.2% of the detected VOCs respectively,while aromatic compounds accounted for 64.3% and 28.6%.A total of 5 disinfection by-products (DBP) were detected in both water supply systems,but the concentrations of dichloromethane,chloroform,bromodichloromethane and dibromochloromethane in the Qingcaosha reservoir water supply system were significantly higher than those in the Huangpu River water supply system,except for bromoform.The concentration of the disinfection by-products in order from large to small were in the tap water,factory finished water and source water,while dichloromethane was an exception.Conclusions There were VOC pollutions in both water supply system in Minhang District,including source water,factory finished water and tap water,with different pollution characteristics.Adequate attention should be paid to the pollutants without national standards in the future water quality monitoring work.

17.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1520-1525, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a host-vector balanced lethal system of attenuated Salmonella typhinurium secreted effector K1 mutant,and an live vaccine vector which stably carries exogenous genes. Methods:We constructed SL1344ΔsseK1Δasd mutant strain by recombinant suicide plasmid( pREΔasd) ,and screened by two-step method,transformed pYA3493 plasmid containing the asd gene without resistance electric into the mutant strain of SL1344ΔsseK1Δasd, then the recombinant strain SL1344ΔsseK1Δasd (pYA3493) was constructed successfully. Results:The results of PCR and sequencing showed that SL1344ΔsseK1Δasd(pYA3493)was constructed successfully. Further studies had shown that the serotype of the recombinant strain was identical to the parent SL1344ΔsseK1 and wild SL1344 strains,and the mutant was stable with the recombinant Δasd gene in vitro. It was found that the re-combinant strain had displayed identical growth profile and biochemical characteristics compared with the parent SL1344ΔsseK1 strain and wild SL1344 strain. The oral challenge of bacteria in mice revealed that LD50 of the recombinant strain was 5. 24×108 CFU,and the toxicity reduced to about 0. 048%;the immunoprotective effect assay showed that the protection rate infected with wild strain of Salmonella typhimurium was 62. 5% on the 17th day post-immunization,which was identical to the parent SL1344ΔsseK1. Conclusion:These results show that the secreted effector K1 gene deleted mutant host-vector balanced lethal system of Salmonella typhimurium SL1344 strain has been successfully constructed,and genetic stability,significantly reduced virulence,which has laid a foundation for developing potential oral live vaccin vector to express foreign genes.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505749

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of conventional ultrasound(US) and contrast enhanced ultrasound(CEUS) in predicting extrathyroidal extension of papillary thyroid cancer(PTC).Methods Eighty-five PTCs in 75 patients were selected for thyroid surgery underwent ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound.The degrees of contact between PTCs and capsule were observed by US and CEUS respectively(0,0-25%,25%-50%,≥50%),and the diagnostic efficiency in different degree of contact (>0 %,≥25 %,≥50%) as preoperative diagnostic criteria were analyzed.The diagnostic efficiency between US and CEUS in predicting extrathyroidal extension of PTC were compared.Results Of the 85 PTCs,extrathyroidal extension was presented in 57 (67.06%) based on pathologic results.When the degree of contact (> 0 %,< 25 %,25 %-50 %,≥ 50 %) was gradually increased,the incidence of extrathyroidal extension of the thyroid cancer was also gradually risen (P <0.001).Comparing the sensitivity,accuracy,odds ratio,and Az value of three groups(>0%,≥25%,≥50%),it showed that the general diagnostic efficiency between two groups(>0%,≥25%) was similar by US and CEUS.However,the sensitivity and accuracy of >0% contact with the adjacent capsule were markedly higher than those of the other two groups(P <0.001).Selecting >0% contact with the adjacent capsule as preoperative criteria,the Az value of CEUS was markedly higher than that of US (Z =2.208,P =0.027).Conclusions The preoperative imaging feature of more than 0% contact with the adjacent capsule is more sensitive and accurate degree in predicting extrathyroidal extension of PTC.Compared with US,CEUS may serve as a better useful tool to predict extrathyroidal extension of PTC.

19.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 475-479, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492559

ABSTRACT

Objective Nrf2 is an important neuroprotective factor and the ubiquitin proteasome system ( UPS) , as a highly specific intracellular protein degradation pathway, plays an important role in maintaining gene and protein functions.This paper pres-ents a preliminary study on the relationship between Nrf2 and the ubiquitin proteasome system in the mouse model of traumatic brain in-jury ( TBI) . Methods Forty-two healthy male ICR mice were randomly divided into three groups: control, TBI +sulforaphane ( SFN) and TBI+vehicle, and 12 Nrf2-knockout mice were included in the TBI+Nrf2 -/-group.The animals of the TBI+SFN group were treated with SFN while those of the TBI+vehicle group with the same volume of 10%corn oil at 5 minutes after TBI.At 24 hours after TBI, brain samples were collected from the mice for determining the Nrf2 expression and ubiquitinated protein content by Western blot and the changes in the Nrf2 and ubiquitinated proteins were observed by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. Results Compared with the controls, the mice in the TBI+vehicle group showed significantly increased expressions of Nrf2 ( 0.09 ± 0.02 vs 0.66 ±0.09, P<0.05) and ubiquitinated proteins (3.27 ± 0.21 vs 10.58 ±0.75, P<0.05).In comparison with animals in the TBI+vehicle group, those in the TBI+SFN group exhibited a signifi-cant increase in the Nrf2 protein level (0.66 ±0.09 vs 1.22 ±0.14, P<0.05) but a decrease in the ubiquitinated protein level (10.58 ±0.75 vs 6.97 ±0.86, P<0.05), and those in the TBI+Nrf2 -/-group showed a markedly decreased expression of the Nrf2 protein (0.66 ±0.09 vs 0.17 ±0.02, P<0.05) but increased expression of the ubiquitinated protein (10.58 ±0.75 vs 14.35 ± 0.65, P<0.05).Similar results were observed by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. Conclusion Nrf2 played a neu-roprotective role in the mouse model of traumatic brain injury by regulating the ubiquitin proteasome system.

20.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1098-1102, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792558

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to evaluate the model of integrated drowning interventions for the floating children in Ningbo City.Methods A two -year program of integrated drowning intervention had been carried out in Ningbo City since 2013,and the floating children in Jiangbei District and Yinzhou District were selected as the experiment and control group respectively.Baseline and final survey was all conducted in these two groups.A total of 7 736 and 7730 students from 1 st -9 th grade in the Migrant Workers'Children Schools were recruited by multi -stage random sampling and surveyed by the self -reported questionnaires in these two surveys respectively.The unconditional logistic regression model was adopted mainly for the multivariate analysis.Results The incidence rate of non -fatal drowning for the floating children in the experiment group after intervention was 4.45%,being significantly lower than 13.12% before intervention (χ2 =188.293,P <0.001).While the incidence rate of non -fatal drowning in the control group after intervention was 7.47%, having no significant difference with 6.90% before intervention (χ2 =0.896,P =0.344).And the probability of non -fatal drowning for the intervention group was 0.762 time of the control group.Conclusion The model of integrated drowning interventions,based on the ecological approach and initiated by Ningbo,was proven to be effective and worth popularizing.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL