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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 414-422, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911043

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the efficacy and safety of 100 units of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) intradetrusor injection in patients with overactive bladder.Methods:From April 2016 to December 2018, 17 tertiary hospitals were selected to participate in this prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Two phases of study were conducted: the primary phase and the extended phase. This study enrolled patients aged 18 to 75 years who had been inadequately managed by anticholinergic therapy (insufficient efficacy or intolerable side effects) and had spontaneous voiding with overactive bladder. Exclusion criteria included patients with severe cardiac, renal and hepatic disorders, patients with previous botulinum toxin treatment for 6 months or allergic to BTX-A, patients with urinary tract infections, patients with urinary stones, urinary tract tumors, diabetes mellitus, and bleeding tendency. Eligible patients were randomly assigned to BTX-A group and placebo control group in a ratio of 2∶1. Two groups of patients received 20 intradetrusor injections of BTX-A 100U or placebo at the depth of the submucosal muscle layer respectively under cystoscope, including 5 injections at the base of the bladder, 3 injections to the bladder triangle, 5 injections each to the left and right walls and 2 injections to the top, sparing the bladder neck. As a placebo control group, patients received same volume of placebo containing no BTX-A and only adjuvant freeze-dried preparations for injection with the same method. A combination of gelatin, sucrose, and dextran served as adjuvants. Average micturition times per 24 hours, urinary incontinence (UI) episodes per day, average micturition volume per day, OAB symptom score(OABSS), and quality of life (QOL) score were recorded at baseline and the 2nd, 6th and 12th week after treatment. The primary efficacy endpoint was the change from baseline in the average micturition times per 24 hours at the 6th week after treatment. The secondary efficacy endpoints included the change from baseline in the average micturition times per 24 hours at 2nd and 12th week, as well as the change from baseline in the OABSS, QOL score, average frequency of urgency and UI episodes per day, urgency score, average micturition volume per day at 2nd, 6th and 12th week after treatment. Patients were followed for 12 weeks to assess adverse events (AEs). After assessed at week 12, if the micturition times has decreased less than 50% compared to baseline and the patient is willing to receive retreatment, then patients could enter the extended trial phase. In that phase, patients in both groups were injected with 100 units BTX-A from 12th week onwards and then followed up the same indicators for 12 weeks.Results:216 patients were enrolled in this trial (144 cases in the BTX-A group and 72 cases in the placebo control group). Baseline characteristics such as age (47.75±14.20 in the BTX-A group and 46.39±15.55 in the control group), sex (25 male/117 female in the BTX-A group and 10/61 in the control group), and disease duration (0.51 years in the BTX-A group and 0.60 years in the control group) were balanced between the two groups( P>0.05). A marked reduction from baseline in average micturition times per 24 hours was observed in all treatment groups at the 6th week and the reduction of the two groups was statistically different ( P<0.001 and P=0.008 respectively). Compared with the baseline, the average micturition times per 24 hours at the 6th week decreased from baseline by 2.40(0.70, 4.60)times for the BTX-A group and 0.70(-1.00, 3.30) times for the placebo control group respectively, and the difference between the two groups was considered to be statistically significant ( P=0.003). The change rates of average micturition times per 24 hours from baseline at the 6th week of the two groups were (16±22)% and (8±25)% respectively, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P=0.014). Compared with the baseline, the average micturition times per 24 hours at 2nd and 12th week decreased by 2.00(0.00, 4.00)and 3.30(0.60, 5.03)for the BTX-A group, 1.00(-1.00, 3.00)and 1.70(-1.45, 3.85)for the placebo control group respectively. The difference between two groups was considered to be statistically significant ( P=0.038 and P=0.012); the changes of average urgency times per day for the BTX-A group and the control group at the 2nd, 6th and 12th week were 2.00(0.00, 4.30)and 2.40(0.30, 5.00), 3.00(0.30, 5.70)and 0.70(-1.30, 2.70), 0.70(-1.30, 3.00) and 1.35(-1.15, 3.50), respectively. There were significant differences between two groups at the 2nd, 6th and 12th week, ( P=0.010, P=0.003 and P=0.025, respectively). The OABSS of the BTX-A group and the control group at the 6th week decreased by 1.00(0.00, 4.00)and 0.50(-1.00, 2.00) compared with the baseline, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P=0.003). 47 cases of BTX-A group and 34 cases of placebo control group entered the extended trial phase, and 40 and 28 cases completed the extended trial phase, respectively. The average micturition volume per 24 hours changed by -16.60(-41.60, -0.60)ml and -6.40(-22.40, 13.30)ml, (-35.67±54.41)ml and(-1.76±48.69)ml, (-36.14±41.51)ml and (-9.28±44.59)ml, (-35.85±43.35)ml and(-10.41±40.29)ml for two groups at the 12th, 14th, 18th and 24th week, and the difference between two groups was statistically significant at each follow-up time ( P=0.01, 0.006, 0.012 and 0.016, respectively). There was no significant difference in other parameters( P>0.05). However, adverse reactions after intradetrusor injection included increased residual urine volume (27 in the BTX-A group and 3 in the control group), dysuria (21 in the BTX-A group and 6 in the control group), urinary infection (19 in the BTX-A group and 6 in the control group), bladder neck obstruction (3 in the BTX-A group and 0 in the control group), hematuria (3 in the BTX-A group and 1 in the control group), elevated alanine aminotransferase (3 in the BTX-A group and 0 in the control group), etc. During the follow-up period, there was no significant difference in the other adverse events between two groups except the increase of residual urine volume( P<0.05). In the primary trial phase, among the 27 cases with increased residual urine volume in BTA group, only 1 case (3.70%) with PVR more than 300 ml; the PVR of 3 patients in the placebo group was less than 100 ml. The increase of residual urine volume caused by the injection could be improved or disappeared with the passage of time. Conclusions:Intradetrusor injection of Chinese BTX-A improved the average micturition times per 24 hours, the average daily urgent micturition times, OABSS, and average micturition volume per time, and reduced the adverse effects in patients with overactive bladder.Chinese BTX-A at dose of 100U demonstrated durable efficacy and safety in the management of overactive bladder.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 849-852, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801143

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess clinical effect and safety of botulinum toxin A injection in external urethral sphincter for male patient with neurogenic detrusor underactivity(DU).@*Methods@#A prospective and self-controlled trail was conducted from August 2012 to October 2017. Male patients with nerve injury, dysuria more than 6 months, DU(bladder contractility index less than 100) were enrolled in this study. Exclusion criteria included patients with acute urinary tract infection, bladder stone, benign prostate hyperplasia, urethral stricture and urethral diverticulum.100 IU BTX-A was dissolved in 4ml normal saline, and the solution of BTX- A was injected into 4 different points(3-o’clock, 6-o’clock, 9-o’clock, and 12-o’clock) in external urinary sphincter with each point of 1ml solution. Patients were evaluated at baseline and 12 weeks after injection. The outcomes included post void residual (PVR), maximum flow rate (Qmax), maximum detrusor pressure during voiding phases (Pdet.max), maximum urethral closure pressure (MUCP), the case number of intermittent catheterization (IC)and the score of quality of life (QOL score). Adverse events were also recorded.@*Results@#A total of 58 male patients (all from Guangdong provincial work injury rehabilitation hospital)with mean age 28.6 years suffered from cerebral palsy (n=2), cerebrovascular accident(n=19)and spinal cord injury(n=37) were included into the study. Compared to baseline data, significant difference were observed at week 12 in PVR (56.68 ml vs. 280.11 ml, P<0.001), Pdet.max(23.95 cmH2O vs. 30.01 cmH2O, P=0.019), Qmax(6.74 ml/s vs. 3.28 ml/s, P=0.042), MUCP(48.25 cmH2O vs. 79.34 cmH2O, P<0.001), the case number of IC(40 vs. 58, P<0.001) and QOL score(3.63 vs.5.22, P<0.001) respectively. 5 cases developed perineal pain and 16 cases developed mild transient haematuria. These adverse events were disappeared by medical symptomatic treatment during 3-5 days.@*Conclusions@#BTX-A externalurethral sphincter injections help reduce urethra resistance and also improve the quality of life for patients with neurogenic detrusor underactivity.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 849-852, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824600

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess clinical effect and safety of botulinum toxin A injection in external urethral sphincter for male patient with neurogenic detrusor underactivity (DU).Methods A prospective and self-controlled trail was conducted from August 2012 to October 2017.Male patients with nerve injury,dysuria more than 6 months,DU (bladder contractility index less than 100) were enrolled in this study.Exclusion criteria included patients with acute urinary tract infection,bladder stone,benign prostate hyperplasia,urethral stricture and urethral diverticulum.100 IU BTX-A was dissolved in 4ml normal saline,and the solution of BTX-A was injected into 4 different points(3-o'clock,6-o'clock,9-o'clock,and 12-o'clock) in external urinary sphincter with each point of 1ml solution.Patients were evaluated at baseline and 12 weeks after injection.The outcomes included post void residual (PVR),maximum flow rate (Qmax),maximum detrusor pressure during voiding phases (Pdet.max),maximum urethral closure pressure (MUCP),the case number of intermittent catheterization (IC) and the score of quality of life (QOL score).Adverse events were also recorded.Results A total of 58 male patients (all from Guangdong provincial work injury rehabilitation hospital) with mean age 28.6 years suffered from cerebral palsy (n =2),cerebrovascular accident(n =19)and spinal cord injury(n =37) were included into the study.Compared to baseline data,significant difference were observed at week 12 in PVR (56.68 ml vs.280.11 ml,P < 0.001),Pdet.max (23.95 cmH2O vs.30.01 cmH2O,P =0.019),Qmax(6.74 ml/s vs.3.28 ml/s,P =0.042),MUCP(48.25 cmH2O vs.79.34 cmH2O,P <0.001),the case number of IC(40 vs.58,P <0.001) and QOL score(3.63 vs.5.22,P < 0.001) respectively.5 cases developed perineal pain and 16 cases developed mild transient haematuria.These adverse events were disappeared by medical symptomatic treatment during 3-5 days.Conclusions BTX-A externalurethral sphincter injections help reduce urethra resistance and also improve the quality of life for patients with neurogenic detrusor underactivity.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 819-822, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709603

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects and safeties of desmopressin on nocturia in elderly men.Methods We used random number table to divide patients into 2 groups.The patient in treatment group took desmopressin acetate tablets 0.2 mg orally and the patient in control group took tamsulosin hydmchloride sustained release capsule 0.2 mg orally before sleep for 4 weeks.The patient recorded 24 hours voiding diaries for 3 days and worked out mean number of nocturnal voids,hours of undisturbed sleep (HUS) before treatment and before subsequent visit weekly.Before treatment and 1 to 4 weeks after treatment,mean number of nocturnal voids,HUS,night quality of life (NQOL),quality of life (QOL),adverse event were recorded.Before treatment,1 week and 4 weeks after treatment,blood serum sodium was checked in treatment group.Results 42 men had been diagnosed with nocturia in outpatient department of investigator from December 2014 to March 2016,34 of them were recruited in our study and randomly enter the treatment group or control group.Each group consisted of 17 cases.There was no statistical difference in the baseline data between two groups (all P > 0.05).The average ages of treatment group and the control group were (65.1 ± 11.2) and (63.9 ± 9.3) years old,the courses of disease were (3.0 ± 5.0) and (2.3 ± 2.6) years,respectively.Before treatment mean numbers of nocturnal voids were (3.8 ± 1.2) and (3.2 ± 1.4) times,HUS were (1.8 ± 1.7) and (1.8 ± 0.6) h,NQOL were (51.8 ± 13.8) and (41.2 ± 13.6),QOL were (4.0 ± 1.0) and (3.9 ± 0.9),respectively.Four weeks after treatment,mean numbers of nocturnal voids decreased to (1.6 ± 1.0) and (2.0 ± 0.9) times,HUS increased to (4.0 ± 0.7) and (2.6 ± 0.7) h,NQOL decreased to (20.9 ± 12.0) and (30.6 ± 12.4),QOL decreased to (1.4 ± 1.1) and (2.9 ± 1.0) in treatment group and control group,respectively.Every index of the two groups were statistically significant differences compared with that before treatment (P < 0.05).There were statistically significant differences in the degree of improvement between treatment group and control group from 2 weeks to 4 weeks after treatment (P < 0.05).Therefore,the degree of improvement of treatment group was superiored to the control group.Before treatment and both 1 week and 4 weeks after treatment,the blood serum sodium of patients in treatment group were (140.3 ± 3.9),(139.2 ± 4.3) and (140.6 ± 3.1) mmol/ L,respectively.Two patients of treatment group appeared dizzy during the follow-up period.In one of both,the symptom disappeared after the dose decreased from 0.2 mg to 0.1 mg per night.The symptom sustained and the dose was not changed in the other one.In treatment group,two other patients suffered from dyspepsia,one palpitation and one thirst.Those symptoms could be tolerated and the dose was not changed.In control group,2 patients suffered from thirst,one nasal congestion,one dizzy and one short of breath.All of those symptoms could be tolerated and the dose was not changed.There was not statistical differencebetween the occurrence rate of adverse events in the 2 groups (P =0.714).Conclusions Desmopressin can improve the symptoms of nocturia in elderly men,improve the quality of life of patients,and has goodsafety.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 377-381, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709535

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate correlation between bladder wall thickness (BWT) and upper urinary tract damage (UTD) in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD),and to evaluate the value of BWT in predicting UTD.Methods To retrospectively analyze clinical data of NLTUDpatients admitted from January 2013 to October 2017.Of the 161 patients,92 were male and 69 were female.The mean age was (39.5 ± 18.4) years old,ranged from 18 to 81 years old.83 cases had hydronephrosis,64 cases had unilateral or bilateral ureteral dilation and 14 cases had ureteral reflux.In 30 cases,the serum creatinine was abnormal (290.7 ± 164.0) μmol/L,ranging 125-938 pmol/L.The mean GFR in 17 cases was(45.2 ± 23.0) ml/(min · 1.73 m2),ranged from 84.3 to 14.6 mL/ (min · 1.73 me).According to the presence or absence of UTD,NLUTD patients were divided into experimental group and control group,101 cases of UTD combined experimental group,and 60 cases of UTD-free control group.There were 60 male patients and 41 female patients in the experimental group with mean age of (37.9 ± 19.1) years old.In the control group,there were 32 male patients and 28 female patients with mean age of (42.3 ± 16.8) years old,There was no statistical difference between the two groups (P > 0.05).There were 59 cases and 5 cases of hydronephrosis in the experimental group and the control group,respectively.There were 12 cases and 2 cases of ureteral dilation patients in the experimental group and the control group,respectively.The differences in BWT and urodynamic parameters between the two groups were compared.The ROC curve was used to determine the cutoff value of BWT in the diagnosis of UTD and the correlation between BWT and UTD and urodynamic parameters was analyzed.Results 161 patients had a BWT of 2 to 25 mm with a median value of 7.0 (7.1) mm.119 patients underwent urodynamic examination with bladder compliance of 0.8 to 141.5 ml/cmH2O,median value of 12.7 (22.8) ml/cmH2O.The median value of median pressure capacity (MCC) was 256 (171) ml,ranged from 49 to 700 ml.The median value of Pdetmax was34 (19.1)cmH2O,ranged from 3 to 144 cmH2O.The median BWT values of the test and control groups were 9.0 (5.0) mm and 4.0 (5.7) mm,respectively (Z =-5.931,P < 0.001).The median bladder compliance was 9.3 (15.3) ml/cmH2O and 24.2 (38.7) ml/cmH2 O,respectively (Z =-4.07,P < 0.05).The MCC was 225.0 (159.0) ml and 310.6 (140.5) ml,respectively (Z =-2.22,P < 0.05).The median Pdetmax during filling was 40.0 (20.4) emH2 O and 29.2 (18.4) cmH2 O,respectively (Z =-2.92,P < 0.05).Using multivariate correlation analysis,BWT was negatively correlated with bladder compliance (r =-0.419,P <0.001) and negatively correlated with maximum bladder pressure capacity (r =-0.198,P =0.031),with the largest filling period.Pdetmax was positively correlated (r =0.251,P =0.006).Using the ROC curve to determine the threshold,the sensitivity of the UTD is 86.1% and the specificity is 53.3% when BWT≥4.8 mm.Conclusions BWT thickening is one of the risk factors for UTD in patients with NLUTD.When BWT is greater than 4.8 mm,NLUTD patients are more likely to have UTD and can be used as an examination method for the diagnosis of UTD in NLUTD patients.

6.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1979-1981, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616864

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and clinical efficacy of intraperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for T1a peripheral renal neoplasms. Methods Intraperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy was performed without renal artery occlusion for T1a peripheral peripheral renal neoplasms. The operative time, bleeding volume and complications were observed and the clinical experience was summarized. Results From October 2014 to January 2017 ,there were 10 patients:7 males and 3 females. All patients had T1a peripheral renal tumors. 10 patients underwent operation successfully ,of which 1 case developed temporarily blocked renal artery in the surgery due to hemorrhage. There was no referral during surgeries. The operative duration was 108 to 210 min,with a median of 135 min. The estimated blood loss was 100 to 750 mL,with a median of 320 mL. Followed up duration was 2 to 24 months (median 12 months),there were not postoperative renal secondary bleeding , leakage and other complications. No recurrence of tumor was found. Conclusion It is feasible and safe to exercise intraperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy without renal artery occlusion in the treatment of T 1a peripheral renal tumors,which can protect renal function to the greatest extent.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 290-294, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512160

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin type A in the treatment of ketamine-related cystitis.Methods A retrospective analysis of clinical data of 36 ketamine-related cystitis patients with intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin type A treatment in our hospital during August 2010 to December 2015 was conducted, including 31 males and 5 females with a mean age of 25.5 years.All patients had failed to conventional treatment options including cessation of ketamine, antibiotics, M-blockers.At the time of the first injection, patients were injected with 200 U botulinum toxin type A diluted in 15 ml of 0.9% saline into the detrusor muscle at 30 sites, sparing the trigone, under cystoscopic guidance.3-d voiding diary, interstitial cystitis symptom index (ICSI),interstitial cystitis problem index (ICPI), pelvic pain and urinary frequency/urgency symptom score (PUF) were recorded to evaluate the efficacy.The treatment-related complications were recorded.When the efficacy of botulinum toxin type A decreased and the patient's symptoms returned to baseline before treatment, the patient received repeated injections of botulinum toxin type A with the same dose and method as the first injection.Results Thirty-six patients with ketamine-related cystitis were treated with intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin type A.Sixteen patients received two injection treatments and two patients received three injection treatments.During the follow-up, 3-d urinary diaries, ICSI, ICPI, and PUF showed a significant improvement in outcome at 4 weeks after the first injection.The efficacy of the second and third injection treatment was also remarkable.Three patients developed urinary tract infection after the first injection, and two patients developed urinary tract infection after the second injection.Mild hematuria occurred in 15 patients after the first injection, and mild hematuria occurred in 7 patients after the second injection, which was improved in 1 to 2 days.All patients did not appear acute urinary retention and other adverse drug reactions.Conclusions Intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin type A could be a safe and effective method for the treatment of ketamine-related cystitis.Repeated injection therapy is still safe and effective.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488125

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare health related quality of life (HRQOL) between modified and traditional cutaneous ureterostomy, and explore the reasons for these differences, in order to provide the basis of HRQOL for the choice of cutaneous ureterostomy. Methods A total of 53 patients underwent cutaneous ureterostomy were selected, and the patients were divided into traditional cutaneous ureterostomy group (traditional group, 21 cases) and modified cutaneous ureterostomy group (modified group, 32 cases) according to the surgery method. The patients were evaluated by functional assessment of cancer therapy-bladder (FACT-BL), and the HRQOL was compared between 2 groups. Results There were no statistical differences in HRQOL score at 1, 3, 6 and 9 months after surgery between 2 groups (P>0.05). The HRQOL score at 12 months after surgery was significantly higher in modified group than that in traditional group:(141.5 ± 10.4) scores vs. (123.1 ± 5.2) scores, and there was statistical difference (P0.05). But the scores of functional status and bladder cancer special scale (BSS), total score of FACT-BL in modified group were significantly higher than those in traditional group:(26.0 ± 2.5) scores vs. (23.8 ± 3.5) scores, (46.7 ± 6.2) scores vs. (34.8 ± 5.5) scores, (143.9 ± 15.7) scores vs. (117.5 ± 8.1) scores, and there were statistical differences (P<0.01). Conclusions The HRQOL at 12 months after surgery in modified cutaneous ureterostomy is better than that in traditional cutaneous ureterostomy. Therefore, if the patient's physical condition permits, priority should be given to modified cutaneous ureterostomy to reduce the complications and improve the quality of life.

9.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2007-2010, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494477

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a clinical nomogram for predicting the probability of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in male LUTS/BPH using the most common and noninvasive parameters in clinical practice , with the hope of detecting BOO individually and precisely. Methods Retrospectively analyze the outpatients and inpatients of male LUTS/BPH from November 2003 to November 2015 in Guangzhou First People′s Hospital. Collect the Pressure-flow study parameters and other clinical parameters including Qmax , PV, TZV, TZI, PSA, and PVR. Find out the best independent predictors on the diagnosis of BOO and develop the nomogram for pre-dicting BOO. Results The data from 1 599 patients were analyzed. The areas under the ROC curve (AUCs)of PV, TZV, TZI, PSA, Qmax, and PVR were 0.803, 0.807, 0.698, 0.775, 0.742, and 0.641, respectively. Qmax, PV, and PSA were selected as the best clinical parameters to predict BOO. The Logistic regression equa-tion is Log(p)=0.332 4 - 0.201 8*Qmax + 0.026 6*PV + 1.135 1*PSA. Finally, a nomogram model was developed by R statistical software. This nomogram showed a concordance index of 0.854 according to the inter-nal validation of the model. Conclusions The clinical nomogram presented a high accuracy (85.4%) in de-tecting BOO, which would help predicting BOO in male LUTS/BPH noninvasively, individually, accurately, and providing valuable reference and guidance in clinical decision.

10.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 29-32, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460796

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of bladder function training on urinary incontinence for patients with mild cognitive impairment after radical prostatectomy . Methods A skill training group was established to provide Cognitive and bladder function training for 48 patients with mild cognitive impairment after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Three months after training, the patients were observed in terms of occurrence of urinary incontinence, quality of life and self-efficacy. Result After training, the occurrence of urinary incontinence significantly fell, while quality of life and self-efficacy were significantly improved as compared to pro-training (P<0.05). Conclusion Cognitive and bladder function training can exert positive impacts on self-efficacy and quality of life of patients with mild cognitive impairment after radial prostatectomy.

11.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2883-2886, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459044

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of ciprofloxacin (Cipro) conjugated with 11 poly-arginine peptide (R11) on rabbit model with bacterial cystitis (BC). Methods 50 New Zealand rabbits of 4-month old were chosen to establish the models and evenly divided into 5 groups randomly : Group A: normal control; Group B: intravesical instillation (II) of R11; Group C: II of Cipro; Group D: II of R11-Cipro; Group E: intravenous injection of Cipro. Several parameters were observed which included: urinary frequency, positive rate of urine culture, histopathological analysis of cystitis stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Results Severe inflammatory responses and massive infiltration of inflammatory cells were observed after the models were established. R11-Cipro group was better than intravenous injection of Cipro group in treating cystitis (P < 0.05). R11-Cipro group was better than the other four groups in urinary frequency and urine culture. Conclusions Intravesical instillation of R11-Cipro demonstrated significant therapeutic effect on bacterial cystitis. R11 , as an efficient vector, could deliver specific antibiotics to bladder mucosa precisely and function well locally.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268976

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare holmium laser enucleation (HoLEP) versus open prostatectomy (OP) for large volume benign prostatic hyperplasia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) pertaining to HoLEP and OP for management of large volume benign prostatic hyperplasia were retrieved from Medline and Embase. Meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Three RCTs were included in the analysis. No significant differences were found in IPSS or Qmax between HoLEP and OP (P>0.05). Compared with OP, HoLEP was associated with significantly less blood loss, a shorter catheterization time and a shorter hospital stay, but a longer operating time. HoLEP and OP were similar in terms of urethral stricture, stress incontinence, transfusion requirement and the rate of reintervention.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HoLEP and OP have similar therapeutic effects in the management of large volume benign prostatic hyperplasia. Although with a longer operating time and less resected tissue, HoLEP causes less blood loss and requires a shorter catheterization time and a shorter hospital stay. HoLEP has a comparable safety to OP in terms of the adverse events.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Lasers, Solid-State , Male , Prostatectomy , Methods , Prostatic Hyperplasia , General Surgery , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 477-481, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416806

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the distribution and characteristics of initial PSA and PSA velocity in men younger than years without prostate cancer. Methods PSA in men younger than 50 years without prostate cancer from January 2001 to November 2009 were retrieved retrospectively from our computer center. PSA velocity was calculated if their PSA was measured twice or more. The distributions of initial PSA and PSA velocity were analyzed. The correlations between initial PSA, initial PSA age, and PSA velo-city were also analyzed. Kaplan-meier and log-rank tests were used to estimate the significant difference at the risk of PSA≥ 2.5 ng/ml after initial PSA measurement, stratified by median initial PSA (0.6 ng/ml). Results A total of 4206 men without prostate cancer were included. The median initial PSA value in these men was 0.6 ng/ml. Of these men, 1026 (24.4%), 177 (4.2%), and 90 (2.1%) had an initial PSA≥1.0, ≥2.5, and ≥4.0 ng/ml, respectively. A total of 417 men had their PSA measured these men, 25 (6.0%), 13 (3.1%), and 8 (1.9%) had a PSA velocity≥0.35, ≥0.75, initial PSA age and initial PSA, initial PSA age and PSA velocity, and initial PSA and PSA velocity (correlation coefficient r=0.019, -0.015, and -0.006, respectively; P=0.218, 0.754, and 0.897, respectively). After a follow-up of up to 7.1 years from baseline PSA measurement, the risk of PSA≥2.5 ng/ml, stratified by median initial PSA (0.6 ng/ml) was significantly different (log-rank test, P<0.001). Conclusions The median baseline PSA and PSA velocity in men younger than 50 years old without prostate cancer are 0.6 ng/ml and 0.03 cancer with an initial PSA higher than median (0.6 ng/ml) have a subsequently higher risk of PSA value ≥2.5 ng/ml.

14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 382-384, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394375

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of placing double J stent using a ureteroscope in early managing ureterovaginal fistula.Methods Twenty-eight patients cases with ureterovaginal fistula from 2002 to 2008 were treated early with placing double J stent using a ureteroscope and the clinical data were reviewed.Results Twenty-two of 28 cases were treated and double J stent was placed in them by a uretero-scope and 75% (21/28)of cases were cured.Four of 21 cases were treated twice by a ureteroscope and were cured finally.7 cases with failure ureterovaginal treatment underwent ureterocystostomy and were cured.The follow-up from 6 months to 33 months (average 10.1±6.4 months)showed that all of the 28 cases had been cured and had no urinary fistula.Conclusion Placing double J stent using a ureteroscope is the first choice of operative procedure for the early treatment of ureterovaginal fistula.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 156-159, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395988

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the calcium metabolism in tacrolimus(FK506)induced rats nephrotoxicity and the preventive effect of calcium channel blocker.Methods Twenty-four Spragueinduced or FK506-induced nephropathy model.Blood creatinine,blood electrolytes,renal tissue histopathology(HE stain)and the change of ultrastructural organization in renal cells by transmission electron microscope were observed.Results The blood creatinine levels of both CsA and FK506 groups [(36.00±2.61)and(34.17±4.54)μmol/L] were significantly higher than those of the FK506+Dilgroup and control group(all P<0.05).The blood calcium levels of both CsA and FK506 groups (2.00±0.04 and 2.05±0.04 mmol/L) were significantly lower than those of the FK506+Dil group and control group(all P<0.05).The blood creatinine and calcium levels of FK506+Dil group were not significantly different with those of control group(P>O.05).Histopathology examination showed cloudy swelling and vacuolization of the renal tubular epithelial cells and intra-cellular mitochondria swelling and vacuolization in the CsA and FK506 groups.However,the pathological changes of the FK506+Dil group were remarkably milder in comparison with the CsA and FK506 groups.Concluum channel blocker,Dil,could prevent the FK506-induced nephrotoxicity.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 274-277, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395674

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the long-term outcome of reconstruction for urinary conti-nence function by using implantation of artificial urinary sphincter (AUS). Methods From 2002 to 2005,15 incontinent patients (14 men and 1 woman) with age range of 19-75 years treated with im-plantation of AUS were followed up. In 15 eases, there were 5 cases with traumatic urinary inconti-nence, 1 with neurogenic stress incontinence, 1 with neurogenic urgent incontinence,6 with postpros-tatectomy incontinence and 2 with neurogenie voiding dysfunction. Three eases had taken urethro-stenotomy, 3 had sphineterotomy and 1 had enterocystoplasty and ureterovesieostomy before the im-plantation for AUS. The patients were followed up for 13-55 months with mean of 37 months. The information about the continence status and pads usage, also the complications were collected. Results After implantation, 13 cases(87%)used AUS device normally, 12(92%)beeame dry and 1 (8%) got social continence. Eleven cases (85%) got continence depending on the original implanted AUS and 15% did continence by reoperation. There were 4 cases(27%) with complications including erosion of skin and urethral in 1, graft rejection in 1, urethral atrophy in 1, and voiding dysfunction in 1. Durability of 11 cases with original implanted devices was 13-55 months with mean of 38 months.Conclusion The implantation of AUS is a long-term reliable method in reconstruction for lower uri-nary tract function.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401611

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the treatment and nursing effect for prevention of cystospasm in patients after prostatic surgery with irrigation of resinieratoxin (RTX) into urinary bladder. Methods Twenty patients were divided into the control group and observation group with 10 cases in each group according to the date of hospitalization.Four milliliters of RTX and 100 ml of normal saline were irrigated into the bladder 3 days before operation in the observation group.Only 104 ml normal saline was irrigated into the bladder in the control group.The frequency,intension and duration of cystospasm and clearing time of bladder flushing fluid were observed.The international prostatic symptom score (IPSS) and score of life quality were evaluated at the first,second and 4th week after removing of urinary catheter and bladder stoma. Results The outcome in the observation group and the control group were as followed: the incidence rate of cystospasm was 20% and 80%,the clearing time of bladder flushing fluid was (2.8±1.7)d and (5.2±1.0)d,the indwelling time of bladder stoma was (4.0±1.6)d and (5.8±1.1)d,the indwelling time of urinary catheter was (9.3±1.3)d and (11.8±1.1)d,the VAS score was (2.3±1.3)d and (4.6±1.1)d, the IPSS score at the first,second and 4th week were (11.1±3.3)and (16.0±3.0), (9.5±1.4) and (12.7±13.2), (8.4±1.6) and (11.3±2.7),the score of life quality at the 4th week was (1.6±0.5) and (2.8±0.9), respectively. All the above results had statistical difference between the observation group and the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Standard bladder irrigation,rigorous monitoring of patients condition and maintenance of smooth flush of bladder were the important nursing basis to ensure the exertion of best effect of RTX irrigation.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 635-638, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398814

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of tethered cord syndrome (TCS) on the up-per urinary tract and its etiology. Methods Forty patients with TCS diagnosed by spinal MRI were enrolled in this study. There were 21 males and 19 females with mean age of 23 years old. The course of disease ranged from 1 to 40 years. Urinalysis, mid-stream urine culture, serum creatinine(SCr), urinary system ultrasound, IVU, eystography and urodynamic study were carried out on all patients. Results Urinary tract infection was found in 17 patients and increased level of SCr was found in 6 pa-tients (251.64±98.5μmol/L). Of the 29 patients who underwent urinary system ultrasound examina-tion, 12 cases had hydronephroais and dilated upper ureter. Of the 30 patients who underwent IVU, 10(33.3%) had ureterectasia and hydronephrosis, 22 cases had bladder turriform or Christmas tree like deformity with diverticulum and trabeculum. Of the 22 patients accepted cystography, 17 cases had vesieoureteral reflux on 27 sides. Post-void residual (PVR) was evaluated in 35 patients and found increased in 31 cases. Cystometry had been done in 33 patients. The mean value of maximal detrusor pressure (Pdetmax) during filling phase was 41.2±20.9 cm H2O. The detrusor compliance was 22.35±18.8 ml/cm H2O. During voiding phase, detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia(DSD)was observed in 16 patients, detrusor areflexia was observed in 16 patients and detrusor underactivity was observed in 13 patients. Resting urethral pressure profilemetry was measured in 16 patients. Maximal urethral closure pressure (MUCP) was 76.1±33.1 cm H2O. The upper urinary tract deterioration was de-fined as increased SCr, hydronephrosis or vesicoureteral reflux. There were 20 patients diagnosed as upper urinary tract deterioration. The compliance of the upper urinary tract deteriorating group and the no-deteriorating group was 9.4±7.8 vs 19.3±15.8 ml/cm H2O, Pdetmax was 43.1±21.2 vs 24.0±11.9 cm H2O, PVR 189.0±138.0 vs 47.8±36.8 ml, MUCP 86.2±32.4 vs 46.8 5±20.8 cm H2O, incidence of damaged detrusor 100.0% vs 69.2% and DSD 65.0% vs 23.1%, respectively. There were significant differences between the 2 groups(P<0.05). And when comparing the VUR group with no VUR group, the incidence of urinary tract infection was 94.1%(16/17) vs 20.0%(1/ 5) (P=0.003). And when comparing urinary tract infection group with no infection group, the inci-dence of upper urinary tract deterioration was 88.2% (15/17) vs 21.7%(5/23)(P=0.000). Condn-sion Low compliance bladder, high Pdetmax during filling phase, increased PVR, high MUCP, damage of detrusor contractive function and DSD are the risk factors for upper urinary tract deteriora-tion in the TCS patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528753

ABSTRACT

4.00 ng/ml) were divided into BPH group (without inflammation), acute inflammation group and chronic inflammation group. The diagnosis was confirmed by transrectal-ultrasound guided needle biopsies. Prostate volumes were measured in all patients by the transrectal-ultrasound. A total of 126 patients were included in this study. The biopsy results showed 47 patients in BPH group, 45 patients in acute inflammation group and 34 patients in chronic inflammation group. Results The serum PSA value in the BPH group, acute inflammation group and chronic inflammation group were (5.76?3.21),( 8.67 ?2.92 ) and (5.54?3.01) ng/ml respectively. The serum PSA value in acute inflammation group was much higher than that of BPH group and chronic inflammation group(P

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540134

ABSTRACT

50%) in the objective findings and/or subjective symptoms in both patients.In case 1 and case 2,the frequency of daily urination decreased by 7.3% and 34.3%,the volume of urination increased by 118.2% and 65.7%,the degree of urgent urination declined by 72.0% and 68.1%,respectively.Then they received permanent electrode and neurostimulator implantation and the improvement remained significant.They were followed up for 26 and 17 months,respectively,and no significant complications were found. Conclusions SNN is a micro-invasive,effective,and safe therapy for chronic voiding dysfunction.It may also be effective for some neurogenic dysfunctions of the bladder and urethra.

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