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1.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 47-51, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799087

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the clinical value of uterine curettage ultrasound in the evaluation of cesarean section scar pregnancy (CSP) after uterine arterial chemoembolization (UAE).@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis were performed in 42 patients who took uterine curettage within 24-48 hours after UAE treatment in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2015 to June 2018. The ultrasonic manifestations were graded and classified before UAE. The intraoperative and postoperative complications, time of β-human chorionic gonadotrophin declined to normal limits were evaluated, and the formation of hematoma and hematoma absorption time were followed up by ultrasound.@*Results@#UAE was performed successfully in all patients. The ultrasound-guided scar pregnancy was successfully completed. The uterus was successfully retained in all patients.Among the 42 patients, 18 cases were 3 scores group, and 24 cases were 4 scores group according to the ultrasonic scoring system. Two cases were type Ⅰgroup, 25 cases were type Ⅱ group, and 15 cases were type Ⅲ group according to the ultrasonic classification. The amount of intraoperative complications, postoperative mass formation and absorption time were significantly different between 3 scores group and 4 scores group (P<0.05). No significant differences were found in intraoperative complications, postoperative complications, postoperative mass formation and β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) value among different ultrasonic classification groups (P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#Ultrasonography has clinical application value in evaluating the prognosis of CSP treated with UAE. Ultrasonic scoring system can evaluate the efficacy and is helpful for predicting clinical outcome of CSP.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 443-448, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868031

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the myocardial reserve effect in rabbits′ model of myocardial inshemia-reperfusion by layer-specific strain of speckle tracking imaging and low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography(LDDSE).Methods:Forty rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: ischemia-reperfusion group (IR group) and pharmacological postconditioning group (ATP-PostC group). Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline, 60 min after ligation (before and after dobutamine stress), and 120 min after reperfusion (before and after dobutamine stress). The size of each chamber was measured and the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) was calculated and the heart rate was recorded. The longitudinal strain of endocardium(SLsys-endo), longitudinal strain of myocardium(SLsys-mid), longitudinal strain of epicardium(SLsys-epi) were acquired. Triphenyl tetrazolium chloride(TTC) and Evans blue staining were applied in two rabbits randomly selected from each group at 60 min after ligation, dobutamine stress and 120 min after reperfusion, respectively.Results:①After coronary artery ligation, LVEF decreased in both groups( P<0.05), SLsys-endo, SLsys-mid, and SLsys-epi decreased in two groups( P<0.01). After low dose dobutamine stress, the SLsys-endo, SLsys-mid and SLsys-epi in the two groups increased, which was different from that after lagation( P<0.05). ②After 120 min reperfusion, the longitudinal strain of the myocardium of both groups increased compared with that after lagation( P<0.01, P<0.05), and the increase in ATP-PostC group was significantly higher than that in IR group( P<0.01). There was no significant difference between the IR group and the first LDDSE( P<0.05). After LDDSE again, the SLsys-endo and SLsys-mid in the two groups further increased, which was different from that after reperfusion ( P<0.05). And the SLsys-endo and SLsys-mid were higher in ATP-PostC group than those in IR group ( P<0.05). ③Pathological results showed that there was no significant difference in myocardial infarct size between IR group and ATP-PostC group at 60 min after ligation ( P>0.05). After 120 min reperfusion, the percentage of myocardial infarct size in the IR group was significantly higher than that in the ATP-PostC group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Layer-specific strain of STI combined with LDDSE can early detect regional myocardial dysfunction and accurately assess myocardial reserve function, and with endocardial longitudinal strain being more sensitive.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 421-426, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To classify the ultrasound features of ovarian tumors by modified gynecology imaging reporting and data system(mGI-RADS), and explore the clinical value of mGI-RADS in differentiating of benign and malignant tumors.Methods:The 242 ultrasound images of the adnexal mass from 221 patients with ovarian tumor who underwent ultrasound scan and proceeded surgeries in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from September 2017 and December 2019 were involved in the retrospective analysis and compared with the pathological results. According to the latest ultrasound terminology for adnexal masses proposed by the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA), the adnexal masses were classified. The suspeted malignant sings were screened for mGI-RADS. Using GI-RADS and mGI-RADS classification systems, all the adnexal masses were double-blindly classified by two senior doctors and their diagnostic efficiencies were evaluated.Results:Among the suspected malignant signs proposed by IOTA, resistance index (RI)<0.5, central blood flow signal, ascites, irregular cystic wall with uneven thickness separation, mass composition (solid component ≥30% and silent shadow attenuation), and papillary structure≥7 mm, showed retatively higher OR values(14.282, 10.372, 9.653, 8.832, 5.851, 4.506, respectively. Using GI-RADS and mGI-RADS classification systems, the diagnostic consistency by the two senior doctors in differentiating benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms was good(Kappa=0.767, P<0.05). Grade Ⅳ was divided into three subtypes (Ⅳa, Ⅳb, Ⅳc) by the mGI-RADS, and their positive predictive values for malignant ovarian masses were 69.0%, 90.4% and 92.9% respectively. When a cut-off value >mGRⅣ was used to distinguish the benign and malignant adnexal tumors, the AUC was the largest, and its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy were 93.4%, 93.1%, 90.4%, 95.2% and 93.2%, respectively. Conclusions:The mGI-RADS has a high clinical value in the differential diagnosis of ovarian tumors.

4.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 47-51, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical value of uterine curettage ultrasound in the evaluation of cesarean section scar pregnancy (CSP) after uterine arterial chemoembolization (UAE).Methods:Retrospective analysis were performed in 42 patients who took uterine curettage within 24-48 hours after UAE treatment in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2015 to June 2018. The ultrasonic manifestations were graded and classified before UAE. The intraoperative and postoperative complications, time of β-human chorionic gonadotrophin declined to normal limits were evaluated, and the formation of hematoma and hematoma absorption time were followed up by ultrasound.Results:UAE was performed successfully in all patients. The ultrasound-guided scar pregnancy was successfully completed. The uterus was successfully retained in all patients.Among the 42 patients, 18 cases were 3 scores group, and 24 cases were 4 scores group according to the ultrasonic scoring system. Two cases were type Ⅰgroup, 25 cases were type Ⅱ group, and 15 cases were type Ⅲ group according to the ultrasonic classification. The amount of intraoperative complications, postoperative mass formation and absorption time were significantly different between 3 scores group and 4 scores group ( P<0.05). No significant differences were found in intraoperative complications, postoperative complications, postoperative mass formation and β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) value among different ultrasonic classification groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Ultrasonography has clinical application value in evaluating the prognosis of CSP treated with UAE. Ultrasonic scoring system can evaluate the efficacy and is helpful for predicting clinical outcome of CSP.

5.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 538-543, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754841

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the changes of myocardial viability and systolic function in rabbits with different ischemic periods by layer‐specific strain of ultrasound speckled tracking imaging ( ST I) and low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography ( LDDSE ) . Methods T hirty‐six rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups( n =12) : ①myocardial infarction group Ⅰ :coronary artery occlusion for 45 min ; ②myocardial infarction group Ⅱ :coronary artery occlusion for 60 min ; ③ myocardial infarction group Ⅲ :coronary artery occlusion for 90 min . Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline ,after ligation and low dose dobutamine stress . After the experiment ,rabbits were killed and the hearts were taken to assess viable or nonviable mycardium , triphenyl tetrazolium chloride and Evans blue staining were applied . Results ①After coronary artery ligation ,left ventricular ejection fraction( LVEF) decreased in 3 groups ( all P < 0 .05 ) , the ventricular global endocardial longitudinal strain ( GSLsys‐endo ) , global myocardial longitudinal strain( GSLsys‐mid) ,and global epicardial longitudinal strain( GSLsys‐epi) decreased in 3 groups ( all P < 0 .05 ) ,the longitudinal strain of endocardium ( SLsys‐endo ) ,longitudinal strain of myocardium ( SLsys‐mid) ,longitudinal strain of epicardium ( SLsys‐epi) decreased in viable myocardial ( all P<0 .05) ; ②While low dose dobutamine stressing ,the GSLsys and SLsys increased in each groups ,and the GSLsys‐endo ,GSLsys‐mid ,GSLsys‐epi and SLsys‐endo of viable segments in each group were increased ( P<0 .05) ; ③After ligation and low dose dobutamine stress ,the GSLsys in endocardium in three groups were different( P <0 .05) ,and the SLsys in endocardium of viable segments in three groups were different ( P<0 .05) . Conclusions Layer‐specific strain of STI combined with LDDSE can accurately evaluate the changes of myocardial viability and systolic function in different ischemic periods ,and the longitudinal strain of endocardium is more sensitive ;moreover ,with the increase of coronary artery occlusion time ,the infarcted myocardium increases ,myocardial viability and systolic function decrease .

6.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 439-443, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754825

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of abnormalities and adverse reactions of intrauterine device ( IUD) by three‐dimensional transvaginal ultrasound ,and guide the correct selection of IUD . Methods Female volunteers who came to our hospital for health check‐up from July 2016 to February 2018 were selected as subjects to obtain information of the belt loop time and number of loops . T hree‐dimensional transvaginal ultrasound was used to observe and record the IUD types and positions . T he incidence of location abnormalities ,adverse reactions and cervical lesions of differnet types of IUD were retrospectively analyzed . Results T wo thousand one hundred and thirteen eligible subjects were included in the study ,including 423 cases of McuIUD ,506 cases of circular ring ,405 cases of uterine ring ,372 cases of T‐ring and 407 cases of γ ring . T he statistical analysis showed that the incidence of adverse reactions after wearing rings was as high as 34 .07% ,and the adverse reaction rate of different IUD was different . McuIUD had the highest incidence of adverse reactions ,compared with the circular ring ,the uterine ring ,the T‐ring , and the γ ring ( 47 .99% vs 25 .88% ,27 .41% ,37 .10% ,33 .66% ; all P < 0 .05 ) . Different IUD had different incidence of adverse reactions . T he low back pain rate in McuIUD and γ ring were higher than the other 3 IUDs . T he low back pain rate of McuIUD was higher than the circular ring ,the uterine ring and the T‐ring ( 23 .4% vs 15 .71% ,14 .07% ,13 .7 1% ; all P < 0 .01 ) . Different types of IUD had different incidence of location anomalies . T he descending rate of the circular ring was higher than that of the McuIUD and γ ring ( 6 .32% vs 3 .30% ,3 .19% ; all P< 0 .05 ) ,and no statistically significant difference compared with the uterine ring and T‐ring ( 6 .32% vs 3 .45% ,4 .30% ; all P >0 .05 ) . T he incarceration rate of the mother ring was higher than that of the circular ring ,uterine ring and T‐ring ( 3 .07% vs 0 ,0 .25% ,0 .54% ;all P <0 .01) . T he intrauterine rotation rate of uterine ring and γ ring were higher than that of McuIUD , circular ring and T‐ring ( all P <0 .01) . Pregnancy >1 and ring times ≥2 were related with the occurrence of adverse reactions of IUD ( P < 0 .05 ) . T he incidence of cervical erosion in the T‐ring was the highest compared with the McuIUD ,circular ring ,uterine ring ,and γ ring ( 30 .65% vs 16 .78% ,16 .80% ,18 .02% , 17 .69% ; all P <0 .01) . Conclusions The incidence of adverse reactions is higher in women with different types of IUD . T he incidence of different types of abnormal IUD position is different . T he frequency of pregnancy and band ring are related to the occurence of adverse veactions to IUD .

7.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 53-57, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707629

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the diagnostic performance of Mainz ultrasound scoring system combined with 3D-power Doppler ultrasound(PDU) and CA125 in differentiating benign and malignant pelvic tumors.Methods The randomly selected patients were divided into two groups according to the pathological results,the benign group ( n =61) and malignant group ( n =79).Mainz scoring system was used to evaluate the tumor score of 150 pelvic masses,3D-PDU scan was performed to obtain vascular index (VI),blood flow index (FI),and vascular flow index (VFI) by two doctors with more than 5 years working experience in double-blind.The VI,FI,VFI and serum markers of two groups were compared to evaluate the value of Mainz scoring system and in combination with 3D-PDU and CA125 in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant tumors. Results Compared with benign group,VI,FI and VFI increased significantly in malignant group(all P < 0.01). The Kappa indices of using Mainz ultrasound scoring system and using Mainz ultrasonic scoring system combined with 3D-PDU to distinguish benign and malignant pelvic masses were 0.79 and 0.83,respectively.The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of Mainz score to evaluate benign and malignant pelvic tumors were 85.1%,78.2% and 82.0%,respectively,the sensitivity,specificity and accuracy were 89.2%,86.3% and 88.0% when combined with 3D-PDU. As compared with 3D-PDU and serum markers,the sensitivity was 96.4%,specificity was 90.9% and accuracy was 94.0%,respectively. Conclusions Mainz ultrasound scoring system has important clinical value in distinguishing benign and malignant pelvic masses,when combined with 3D-PDU its sensitivity,specificity can be improved significantly.The sensitivity and specificity are further improved after combining of clinical serological markers.

8.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 65-70, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514484

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of pharmacological postconditioning on longitudinal myocardial function in rabbits' model of myocardial inshemia-reperfusion using layer-specific strain of ultrasound speckle tracking imaging.Methods Forty healthy rabbits were randomly divided into two groups:ischemia-reperfusion group (IR) and pharmacological postconditioning group (ATP-PPost). Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline,45 min after ligation and 30 min,60 min,120 min after reperfusion.Pathological examinations were applied in two rabbits randomly selected from each group at 45 min after ligation and 30 min,60 min after reperfusion and at the end of experiment.Results①After coronary artery ligation,left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) decreased in two groups(P <0.05) and longitudinal systolic strain(SLsys) of 3 myocardial layers decreased in two groups (P <0.01). And the SLsys in the endocardium had greater variation than that in the epicardium.②Compared with that after ligation,the SLsys of all myocardial layers increased at 30 min after reperfusion in ATP-PPost group (P <0.01),and the SLsys in endocardial layer kept increasing with the time of reperfusion(P <0.05). And the SLsys of 3 myocardial layers were significantly higher in ATP-PPost group than those in IR group (P <0.01).③ In two groups,the values of SLsys were decreasing from endocardial layer to epicardial layer.They were higher in the endocardium than those in the epicardium at any time(P <0.01 and P <0.05).Conclusions Layer-specific strain of STI can evaluate exactly the regional myocardial function of rabbit myocardial pharmacological-postconditioning model.SLsys of endocardial layer is more sensitive to myocardial ischemia than that of epicardial layer.

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