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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912297

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term results of bipolar radiofrequency(BRF) ablation in restoring sinus rhythm in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation(AF) undergoing surgery for cardiac surgery.Methods:This retrospective study sample consisted of 268 patients with LSP-AF underwent cardiac operations concomitant BRF maze Ⅳ procedure. Data were collected prospectively on perioperative outcomes, rhythm status, survival, and clinical events.Results:15 patients died in the early postoperative period, perioperative mortality rate was 5.5%. The rate of stable sinus rhythm(sSR)was 86.6%, 75.4%, 67.7%, 57.8% in 1, 2, 5, 8 years after operation. Multivariate analysis proved the size of the left atrium( HR=1.073, P<0.001) and duration of AF( HR=1.070, P=0.025) to be an independent predictor of the radiofrequency ablation outcome. Conclusion:Bipolar radiofrequency maze procedure can effectively eliminate AF, maintain long-term of sinus rhythm. Bipolar radiofrequency maze procedure is a safe, easy and effective surgical option for the treatment of AF, with satisfactory long-term results, is worthy of promotion.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885784

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term results of combined ganglion plexus ablation(GPA) during radiofrequency ablation(RF) with long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation(LSP-AF).Methods:This retrospective study sample consisted of 268 patients with LSP-AF underwent valve operations concomitant RF maze Ⅳ procedure. Data were collected prospectively on perioperative outcomes, rhythm status, survival, and clinical events. Propensity score matching conducted by RF and RF+ GPA resulted in 102 patients per group.Results:Independent predictors for rhythm success at 1 year were combined GPA( OR=0.205, P=0.005), smaller left atrium size( OR=1.091, P=0.000); at 5-year and 8-year were a shorter history of AF( OR=1.069, P=0.023; OR=1.066, P=0.030), and smaller left atrium size( OR=1.091, P=0.000; OR=1.086, P=0.000). After matching, RF+ GPA group had significantly higher sinus rhythm(SR) without antiarrhythmic drugs(AADs) at 6 months(91.3% vs. 79.8%, P=0.026), 1-year(90.2% vs. 78.5%, P=0.028), but there were no difference between the two groups at 5-year(64.8% vs. 64.4%, P=0.956), and 8-year(53.3% vs. 50.6%, P=0.711). During the 6 postoperative months, fewer patients in the RF+ GPA group underwent follow-up cardioversions(2.0% vs. 8.8%, P=0.030). Actuarial survival curves did not differ significantly between the 2 groups( HR=1.327, 95% CI 0.4633-3.802, P=0.598). Conclusion:The combination of GPA can be effective at the early postoperative stage for SR restoration in Maze Ⅳ procedures for the treatment of LSP-AF in heart valve surgeries, particularly for lower AADs use and lower cardioversions. However, this effect will gradually diminish after one year.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478886

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveToestablisharatmodelofincreasedbloodflow-inducedpulmonaryarterialhypertension generatedbyanastomosisoftheleftcommoncarotidarterytoleftexternaljugularvein.Methods 45maleSDratswere divided into three groups:the shunt group , the ligation group and the sham group .At twelve weeks after the procedure , the general status of the rats was observed . Heart conditions , cardiac output and shunt patency were measured by echocardiography .Right ventricular systolic pressure ( RVSP ) and Qp/Qs were checked by catheterization . Right ventricular hypertrophy index ( RVHI) was calculated and lung tissues were examined by pathology using hematoxylin -eosin and elastin Van Gieson staining .All data were analyzed statistically by one-way ANOVA test using SPSS 16.0.Results There was no significant difference in body weight gains between the groups .The patency rate of shunt was 84.6%.The heart was enlarged in the group shunt .Cardiac output increased significantly in the shunt group than that in the other two groups [(309.8 ±33.1) mL/min?kg vs.(245.6 ±31.9) mL/min?kg, (240.8 ±30.9)mL/min?kg, respectively, P<0.05].In the shunt group Qp/Qs was 2.16 ±0.38 and RVSP increased to (35.8 ±4.9) mmHg, RVHI was 0.3263 ± 0.0342, significantly higher than that of the other groups .The pulmonary arteriolar wall was evidently thickened in contrast to that in the sham group [ ( 22.3 ±1.7 )% vs.( 10.6 ±1.7 )%, P <0.05 ) .Conclusions Anastomosis of the left common carotid artery to left external jugular vein can successfully establish pulmonary arterial hypertension model induced by high blood flow in rats .

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491702

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:For patients with degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrilation, atrial fibrilation is needed to be treated concomitant with artificial valve ring implantation. Although Cox maze III procedure is the gold standard for treatment of atrial fibrilation, its safety has been questioned. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the safety of artificial valve rings implantation and Cox Maze III procedure for treatment of degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrilation. METHODS: A total of 43 patients with degenerative mitral annulus dilatation and atrial fibrilation were enroled and were randomly divided into test group (n=21) and control group (n=22). Patients in the test group were treated with mitral valvuloplasty and Cox Maze III procedure. Patients in the control group were only treated with mitral valvuloplasty. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Intraoperative safety indexes: the durations of cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic clamping. and the incidence of hemoglobinuria in the test group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the urine output between these two groups. (2) Postoperative safety indexes: the incidence of atrial dysrhythmia (i.e., any atrial dysrhythmia other than atrial fibrilation), proportion of patients requiring a temporary pacemaker and hospital stays in the test group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the secondary-thoracotomy bleeding rate and incidence of stroke between these two groups. (3) Postoperative outcomes: the rates of cardioversion to achieve sinus rhythm at the day of surgery and at discharge in the test group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). At discharge, patients in both groups were al at NYHA functional class Ior II. Echocardiography showed trace to mild mitral regurgitation and complete closure of the tricuspid valve. There were no significant differences in the left atrial diameter, left ventricular diameter, left ventricular volume, and ejection fraction between these two groups. However, the proportions of mitral and tricuspid valve peak A-waves were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). These results show that artificial valve ring implantation and Cox Maze III procedure is a safe and effective method for treating degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrilation during operation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595990

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish rat models with pulmonary artery hypertension induced by monocrotaline(MCT) and to observe the pathological changes of lung tissue.Methods Seventy male Wistar rats were randomly devided into three group:control group(n=10),50 mg?kg-1 MCT group(n=30),60 mg?kg-1 MCT group(n=30).At two weeks and four weeks after injected intraperitoneally with MCT(injected intraperitoneally with equal normal saline in control group),the right ventricular systolic pressure(RVSP)and right ventricle weight/left ventricle+septum weight [RV/(LV+S)] ratio were measured.Hematoxylin-eosin staining and orcein technique were used to observe the pathological changes of lung tissue and pulmonary arterioles'medial thickness.Results Two weeks or four weeks after MCT administration,RVSP in 50 mg?kg-1 MCT group was higher than that in control group(respectively 36.6 mmHg?5.1 mmHg,39.1 mmHg?7.0 mmHg versus 26.1 mmHg?3.8 mmHg,both P

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595412

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the possibility of differentiation of canine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs) into smooth muscle cells(SMCs) and the potential of using these SMCs as cell sources for engineering of blood vessel construction.Methods Canine BMSCs were isolated by density gradient centrifugation and cultivated in DMEM supplemented with PDGF-BB and vitamin C(VIT-C).The phenotypic characteristics of BMSCs were identified by morphological observation,?-SMA and SMMHC in SMCs at passage 4-6 were analyzed by immunofluorescent staining,and the positive rates of SMCs at passage 5,6 were detected by flow cytometry.Results The BMSCs cultivated in the conditioned medium for SMCs showed SMC-like morphology:they displayed spindle-shape in morphology and were positive for ?-SMA but negative for SMMHC.42 d and 33 d were needed to obtain 107-108 seeding cells without or with PDGF-BB/VIT-C in culture medium respectively.With the subculture,the percentage of ?-SMA positive cells increased from 57.8% at passage 5 to 66.8% at passage 6,suggesting under aforementioned cultured conditions,more BMSCs turned into SMCs.Conclusion BMSCs can be differentiated into SMCs under appropriate culture conditions,suggesting the potentiality of using these SMCs as cell sources for tissue engineering of blood vessel construction.

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