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1.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 72-81, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925432

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Ulcerative colitis (UC) is known to have an association with the increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), and UC-associated CRC does not follow the typical progress pattern of adenoma-carcinoma. The aim of this study is to investigate molecular characteristics of UC-associated CRC and further our understanding of the association between UC and CRC. @*Methods@#From 5 patients with UC-associated CRC, matched normal, dysplasia, and tumor specimens were obtained from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples for analysis. Genomic DNA was extracted and whole exome sequencing was conducted to identify somatic variations in dysplasia and tumor samples. Statistical analysis was performed to identify somatic variations with significantly higher frequencies in dysplasia-initiated tumors, and their relevant functions were investigated. @*Results@#Total of 104 tumor mutation genes were identified with higher mutation frequencies in dysplasia-initiated tumors. Four of the 5 dysplasia-initiated tumors (80.0%) have TP53 mutations with frequent stop-gain mutations that were originated from matched dysplasia. APC and KRAS are known to be frequently mutated in general CRC, while none of the 5 patients have APC or KRAS mutation in their dysplasia and tumor samples. Glycoproteins including mucins were also frequently mutated in dysplasia-initiated tumors. @*Conclusion@#UC-associated CRC tumors have distinct mutational characteristics compared to typical adenoma-carcinoma tumors and may have different cancer-driving molecular mechanisms that are initiated from earlier dysplasia status.

2.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 434-444, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913399

ABSTRACT

Colon cancer treatment is on the way to evolution over several decades. The minimally invasive surgery has improved postoperative short-term outcomes. Adjuvant chemotherapy has prolonged the survival of advanced colon cancer patients. Hohenberger proposed the noble concept of complete mesocolic excision (CME) which consists of 3 components: plane surgery, sufficient longitudinal bowel resection, and central vascular ligation (CVL). Mesocolic plane surgery shares the same surgical principle of total mesorectal excision, which is maintaining the intact mesothelial envelope. However, there remain debates about the extent of bowel resection and the level of CVL for maximizing lymph node dissection. There is no solid clinical evidence for the oncological necessity and benefit of extended radical dissection in right hemicolectomy. CME with CVL based on open surgery has been adopted in laparoscopic surgery. So, it is also necessary to look at how the CME could be transformed and successfully implanted in the laparoscopic era. Recent rapid advances in surgical technology and cancer biology are preparing for fundamental changes in cancer surgery. In this study, we reviewed the history, oncological necessity, and compatibility of CME for the right hemicolectomy in the laparoscopic era and outline the new perspectives on the evolution of cancer surgery.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 938-944, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831098

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We report nationwide data on the current status of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC) in Korea. @*Materials and Methods@#Nationwide data of patients who underwent surgery for CRC from 2013 to 2018 were obtained from the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service database. Data and trends of laparoscopy use for colorectal resection over six years were examined. @*Results@#In Korea, a total of 117,320 patients underwent surgical resection for CRC from 2013 to 2018. The proportion of laparoscopic resection increased from 64.9% in 2013 to 78.5% in 2018. The rate of laparoscopic resection for colon cancer increased from 64.7% in 2013 to 77.4% in 2018. For rectal cancer, the rate of laparoscopic resection increased from 65.4% to 81.6%. Males accounted for 59.8% of all patients, but females surpassed males at over 80 years of age. The age of peak incidence was in the 60s for males and in the 70s for females. A steady increase in the number of patients undergoing surgery for CRC was observed over 80 years of age. @*Conclusion@#The laparoscopic penetration rate for CRC in Korea continued to increase annually and reached 78.5% in 2018.

4.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 31-37, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713084

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the elapsed time from hospital visit to operation and perforation risk and surgical site infection (SSI). METHODS: We conducted a single-center, retrospective cohort study using 986 patients who underwent appendectomy between Jan. 2009, and Dec. 2013. We divided hospital visit-to-operation time into multiple sessions and analyzed the statistical differences in univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Nine-hundred and ninety-six patients were admitted due to appendicitis and 986 (98%) patients underwent an appendectomy. Perforation occurred in 13.2% (n=130) of these patients. Patients with greater than 12 hours of elapsed time between their visit to hospital and surgery demonstrated a higher perforation rate than those who underwent surgery within 12 hours from their visit to the hospital. Upon logistic regression analysis, appendectomy timing was a predictors of appendiceal perforation (adjusted odds ratio, 1.04; 95% confidence interval, 1.00~1.07; p=0.04). The SSI rate of the patients who underwent appendectomy within 12hrs was lower than those who underwent surgery more after than 12 hrs, but hospital visit-to-operation time was not a statistically significant predicting factor of SSI (adjusted odds ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval, 0.93~1.05; p=0.796). CONCLUSION: A delay more than 12 hrs between the visit to a hospital and surgery was significantly associated with an increased risk of perforation of the appendix. However, it was not associated with an increase in the risk of SSI. Prompt surgical treatment is needed to decrease the risk of perforation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Appendix , Cohort Studies , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Wound Infection
5.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 266-270, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717888

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Stoma takedown is a frequently performed procedure with considerable postoperative morbidities. Various skin closure techniques have been introduced to reduce surgical site infections. The aim of this study was to assess postoperative outcomes after stoma takedown during a long-term follow-up period. METHODS: Between October 2006 and December 2015, 84 consecutive patients underwent a colostomy or ileostomy takedown at our institution. Baseline characteristics and perioperative outcomes were analyzed through retrospective reviews of medical records. RESULTS: The proportion of male patients was 60.7%, and the mean age of the patients was 59.0 years. The overall complication rate was 28.6%, with the most common complication being prolonged ileus, followed by incisional hernia, anastomotic leakage, surgical site infection, anastomotic stenosis, and entero-cutaneous fistula. The mean follow-up period was 64.3 months. The univariate analysis revealed no risk factors related to overall complications or prolonged ileus. CONCLUSION: The postoperative clinical course and long-term outcomes following stoma takedown were acceptable. Stoma takedown is a procedure that can be performed safely.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anastomotic Leak , Colostomy , Constriction, Pathologic , Fistula , Follow-Up Studies , Ileostomy , Ileus , Incisional Hernia , Medical Records , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Skin , Surgical Wound Infection
6.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 121-128, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716861

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: A standardized colonoscopy training program surgical residents is still unestablished. The aim of this study was to assess the current status of colonoscopy training for surgical residents and collect the opinions on the direction for future colonoscopy education. METHODS: A questionnaire survey containing 24 items was conducted by sending an email to 310 colorectal surgeons in 84 training hospitals across the country. RESULTS: One hundred fifteen staff surgeons (115 of 310, 37%) of 84 institutions returned fully completed questionnaires. Most surgeons were working at tertiary hospitals with more than 5 years of clinical experience. About half of the responding surgeons answered that they perform colonoscopy in clinical practice and the main purpose of colonoscopy was follow-up after colorectal resection. Only 9 of 84 hospitals (10.7%) had a regular program on colonoscopy training for surgical residents. Most of colonoscopy education was conducted irregularly in a form of staff lecture, conferences or hands-on workshops. According to the future directions, 72 of 115 surgeons (62.6%) answered judging competency in colonoscopy should be needed for professional qualification of the surgeon. About 50 cases of colonoscopy seem appropriate during the 4-year-training of surgical residency, especially during the third- and fourth-year. CONCLUSION: This survey shows colonoscopy education for surgical residents is still insufficient in Korea and that most surgeons feel that regular colonoscopy training is needed during the surgical residency period. There needs to be efforts to standardize the education program as well as various institutional and academic societal supports to achieve this goal.


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Colorectal Surgery , Congresses as Topic , Education , Electronic Mail , Follow-Up Studies , Internship and Residency , Korea , Surgeons , Tertiary Care Centers
7.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 299-305, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718751

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Korea has been increasing in recent years, but accurate statistics about operations for IBD are lacking. The purpose of this study was to investigate the trends and current status of IBD surgeries in Korea. METHODS: Using a national database from the Korea Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, we analyzed data from patients who underwent surgery for Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis from January 2009 to October 2016. RESULTS: The mean number of patients who underwent surgery for Crohn disease was 791.8 per year. Colorectal surgery, small bowel surgery, and anal surgery were performed fairly often (31.2%, 29.4%, 39.4%, respectively), and laparoscopic surgery continued to increase, recently exceeding 30%. About 50% of Crohn patients used biologics before and after surgery, and those patients also underwent a relatively high rate of anal surgeries (44.2%). The mean number of patients who underwent surgery for ulcerative colitis was 247.6 per year. Colorectal surgery accounted for more than half of all operations, and laparoscopic surgery has been increasing rapidly, having been performed in about 60% of patients in recent years. The incidence of colorectal cancer in patients with ulcerative colitis was very high and increased rapidly during the study period, reaching about 80%. CONCLUSION: The number of patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery for IBD in Korea has increased significantly. Biologics are actively used by patients with Crohn disease, with a high proportion of anal surgeries required. Many of the surgical indications for ulcerative colitis have shifted into colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Products , Colitis, Ulcerative , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colorectal Surgery , Crohn Disease , Incidence , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Insurance, Health , Korea , Laparoscopy
8.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 110-114, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787989

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the rate of lymph node (LN) micrometastasis in patients with stage I and II rectal cancer.METHODS: One hundred eighty patients with either stage I or II rectal carcinoma who underwent curative resection between 1995 and 2010 were included. Forty-eight patients received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Two sections from each LN were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and with CK20 by immunohistochemistry (IHC), respectively.RESULTS: A total of 2,257 LNs with a median of 12.5 LNs per patient were examined. For IHC staining, CK20-positive neoplastic cells were found in 4 of the 2,257 LNs (0.2%) from 3 of the 180 patients (1.7%), and all corresponding H&E re-stained sections confirmed that these neoplastic cells were present. Three of four neoplastic cells were micrometastasis, and one was macrometastasis. All occult neoplastic cells were found in 3 of the 85 patients (3.5%) with stage II disease.CONCLUSION: We observed a 3.5% rate of occult neoplastic cells in stage II rectal cancer. Interestingly, the results of IHC staining corresponded with those of H&E re-stained sections, suggesting that the examination of H&E stained section by a competent pathologist may replace IHC staining.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemoradiotherapy , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hematoxylin , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Micrometastasis , Rectal Neoplasms
9.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 75-78, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121902

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Conventional laparoscopy using a two-dimensional (2D) has limited performance because of insufficient representation of the stereoscopic effect. Development of three-dimensional (3D) imaging technology has improved depth perception, shortened the execution time and reduced error number. This study was designed to identify the effects of 3D imaging on surgical performance for skilled professionals and surgical residents. METHODS: Two laparoscopic skills tasks, each with three repetitions, were performed by seven experienced laparoscopic surgeons, two minimally experienced laparoscopic surgeons, and three inexperienced surgical residents under both 2D and 3D conditions with two cadavers. Outcome measures were time for task completion and subjective assessment of performance. RESULTS: Suturing was completed by all participants and anchoring with V-Loc was performed by 10 participants. Suturing and anchoring time were significantly shorter with 3D laparoscopic in all participants (suturing time, p=0.011; anchoring time, p=0.005). Significant differences were observed between experienced and minimally experienced surgeons (suture time, p=0.021; anchoring time, p=0.018). There was no significant difference among inexperienced surgical residents, but they preferred 3D imaging over 2D. CONCLUSION: 3D laparoscopy is associated with a significantly shorter time for performance by experienced surgeons. Our results suggest that 3D laparoscopy will be helpful for surgeons conducting laparoscopic procedures.


Subject(s)
Cadaver , Depth Perception , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Laparoscopy , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Surgeons
10.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 79-80, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121901

ABSTRACT

A 70-year-old female patient was diagnosed with low rectal adenocarcinoma (cT3N2) based on the initial CT and MRI. The patient underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy consisting of short course radiotherapy with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and leucovorin (LV) chemotherapy. Three additional cycles of simplified infusional 5-FU/LV were given every 2 weeks to the patient during the resting period (8 weeks) before surgery. For transanal TME, a purse-string suture of the distal rectum was performed just above the dentate line. Transanal circumferential dissection including the mesorectum was performed from the dentate line until the peritoneal reflection. Thereafter, laparoscopic dissection was conducted using the medial to lateral approach and the inferior mesenteric artery was ligated at the pedicle. Lateral detachment and splenic flexure mobilization were completed. After full mobilization of the distal transverse colon and rectum, the specimen was retrieved through the anus and resected. Colo-anal anastomosis was performed by the hand-sewn method. A closed suction drain was inserted into the pelvis. We also demonstrate our procedure for transanal TME using a short video clip.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Anal Canal , Chemoradiotherapy , Colon, Transverse , Drug Therapy , Fluorouracil , Leucovorin , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Methods , Pelvis , Radiotherapy , Rectal Neoplasms , Rectum , Suction , Sutures
11.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 183-193, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109194

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine CD133+ cells defined as cancer stem cells (CSCs) in colon cancer, we examined whether CD133+ clones in HCT116 demonstrate known features of CSCs like sphere-forming ability, chemodrug-resistance, and metastatic potential. METHODS: Magnetic cell isolation and cell separation demonstrated that <1% of HCT116 cells expressed CD133, with the remaining cells being CD133- clones. In colon cancer cells, radioresistance is also considered a CSC characteristic. We performed clonogenic assay using 0.4 Gy γ-irradiation. RESULTS: Interestingly, there were no differences between HCT116 parental and HCT116 CD133+ clones when the cells comprised 0.5% of the total cells, and CD133- clone demonstrated radiosensitive changes compared with parental and CD133+ clones. Comparing gene expression profiles between sphere-forming and nonforming culture conditions of HCT116 subclones by whole RNA sequencing failed to obtain specific genes expressed in CD133+ clones. CONCLUSION: Despite no differences of gene expression profiles in monolayer attached culture conditions of each clone, sphere-forming conditions of whole HCT116 subclones, parental, CD133+, and CD133- increased 1,761 coding genes and downregulated 1,384 genes related to CSCs self-renewal and survival. Thus, spheroid cultures of HCT116 cells could be useful to expand colorectal CSCs rather than clonal expansion depending on CD133 expressions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Separation , Clinical Coding , Clone Cells , Colonic Neoplasms , HCT116 Cells , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Parents , RNA , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Transcriptome
12.
Korean Journal of Nosocomial Infection Control ; : 37-48, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-219860

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Korean Society for Nosocomial Infection Control (KOSNIC) ran a surveillance system, called as Korean Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (KONIS), since July 2006. Here, we report the annual data of the intensive care unit (ICU) module of the system from July 2012 through June 2013. METHODS: This is a prospective surveillance of nosocomial urinary tract infections (UTI), bloodstream infections (BSI), and pneumonia (PNEU) at 161 ICUs in 91 hospitals using the KONIS system. The nosocomial infection (NI) rate was calculated as the number of infections per 1,000 patient days or device days. RESULTS: A total of 3,042 NIs were reported during the study period: 877 UTIs (854 cases were urinary catheter-associated), 1,272 BSIs (1,096 were central line-associated), and 893 PNEUs (526 cases were ventilator-associated). The rate of urinary catheter-associated UTIs (CAUTIs) was 1.26 cases per 1,000 device days (95% confidence interval; 1.18-1.34) and urinary catheter utilization ratio was 0.78 (0.779-0.781). The rate of central line-associated BSIs was 2.57 (2.42-2.72) and the utilization ratio was 0.49 (0.489-0.491). The rate of ventilator-associated PNEUs was 1.64 (1.50-1.78) and the utilization ratio was 0.37 (0.369-0.371). The urinary catheter utilization ratio was lower in the ICUs of hospitals with 400-699 beds than in those of hospitals with more than 900 beds; nevertheless, CAUTIs were more common in the hospitals with 400-699 beds. The central line-associated BSI (CLABSI) rate was lower in the study period than in the previous period of July 2011-June 2012 [2.57 (2.42-2.72) vs. 3.01 (2.84-3.19)]. CONCLUSION: The CLABSI rates were lower in the study period than those in the previous years. CAUTIs were more common in the ICUs of hospitals with 400-699 beds than in those of larger hospitals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross Infection , Intensive Care Units , Critical Care , Pneumonia , Prospective Studies , Urinary Catheters , Urinary Tract Infections
13.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 39-43, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-228487

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to report nationwide data on the current practice of laparoscopic colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery in Korea. Nationwide surgical data for colorectal cancer from 2008 to 2013 were obtained from the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service database and a retrospective analysis of CRC surgery patients was conducted. The trends in laparoscopy use for each procedure of colorectal resection over six years were evaluated. From 2008 to 2013, a total of 105,305 patients nationwide underwent resection for CRC, and 55.3% of the cases underwent laparoscopic surgery. The proportion of laparoscopic resection increased from 42.6% in 2008 to 64.7% in 2013. The most common site of colon cancer was sigmoid, followed by ascending, and rectosigmoid junction, which together accounted for 64.9% of all colon cancer cases. The three leading procedures were low anterior resection, hemicolectomy, and anterior resection, which together accounted for 87.3% of all CRCs. For low anterior resection, the rate of laparoscopy increased from 44.8% in 2008 to 69.8% in 2013. The percentage of abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer continued to decrease from 10.6% in 2008 to 7.5% in 2013. Over the six years, a total of 2520 robotic surgeries for CRC were performed. The number of robotic surgeries for rectal cancer showed a steady increase, whereas that for colon cancer decreased. Overall, the rate of minimally invasive surgeries for CRC was 43.5% in 2008 and increased to 65.7% in 2013. The laparoscopic resection rate for CRC in Korea is very high and continues to show a steady increase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colon, Sigmoid , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colorectal Surgery , Insurance, Health , Korea , Laparoscopy , Rectal Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
14.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 235-242, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208421

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the risk factors for surgical site infections (SSIs) in patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery and to determine whether significantly different SSI rates existed between the short prophylactic antibiotic use group (within 24 hours) and the long prophylactic antibiotic use group (beyond 24 hours). METHODS: The medical records of 327 patients who underwent colorectal resection due to colorectal cancer from January 2010 to May 2014 at a single center were retrospectively reviewed, and their characteristics as well as the surgical factors known to be risk factors for SSIs, were identified. RESULTS: Among the 327 patients, 45 patients (13.8%) developed SSIs. The patients were divided into two groups according to the duration of antibiotic use: group S (within 24 hours) and group L (beyond 24 hours). Of the 327 patients, 114 (34.9%) were in group S, and 213 (65.1%) were in group L. Twelve patients (10.5%) in group S developed SSIs while 33 patients (15.5%) in group L developed SSIs (P = 0.242). History of diabetes mellitus and lung disease, long operation time, and perioperative transfusion were independent risk factors for SSIs. CONCLUSION: This study shows that discontinuation of prophylactic antibiotics within 24 hours after colorectal surgery has no significant influence on the incidence of SSIs. This study also showed that history of diabetes mellitus and lung disease, long operation time, and perioperative transfusion were associated with increased SSI rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colorectal Surgery , Diabetes Mellitus , Incidence , Lung Diseases , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection
15.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 37-39, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210037

ABSTRACT

An epidermoid cyst of the cecum is extremely rare; only eight cases have been reported in the literature. A 63-year-old woman was admitted to Kyung Hee University Medical Center with a colonic mass that had been discovered incidentally during a regular health check-up. The radiographic impression was that this mass was a gastrointestinal stromal tumor. During surgery, an exophytic mass in the cecal wall was resected by using an ileocecectomy. Based on the macroscopic and the microscopic findings, this case was identified as an epidermoid cyst of the cecal wall. We report this case to discuss the origin of this entity and the unusual nature of our case.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Academic Medical Centers , Cecum , Colon , Epidermal Cyst , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
16.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 190-201, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-204416

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Robotic surgery (RS) overcomes the limitations of previous conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS). Although meta-analyses have been published recently, our study evaluated the latest comparative surgical, urologic, and sexual results for rectal cancer and compares RS with CLS in patients with rectal cancer only. METHODS: We searched three foreign databases (Ovid-MEDLINE, Ovid-Embase, and Cochrane Library) and five Korean databases (KoreaMed, KMbase, KISS, RISS, and KisTi) during July 2013. The Cochrane Risk of Bias and the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized were utilized to evaluate quality of study. Dichotomous variables were pooled using the risk ratio (RR), and continuous variables were pooled using the mean difference (MD). All meta-analyses were conducted with Review Manager, V. 5.3. RESULTS: Seventeen studies involving 2,224 patients were included. RS was associated with a lower rate of intraoperative conversion than that of CLS (RR, 0.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.15-0.54). Time to first flatus was short (MD, -0.13; 95% CI, -0.25 to -0.01). Operating time was longer for RS than that for CLS (MD, 49.97; 95% CI, 20.43-79.52, I2 = 97%). International Prostate Symptom Score scores at 3 months better RS than CLS (MD, -2.90; 95% CI, -5.31 to -0.48, I2 = 0%). International Index of Erectile Function scores showed better improvement at 3 months (MD, -2.82; 95% CI, -4.78 to -0.87, I2 = 37%) and 6 months (MD, -2.15; 95% CI, -4.08 to -0.22, I2 = 0%). CONCLUSION: RS appears to be an effective alternative to CLS with a lower conversion rate to open surgery, a shorter time to first flatus and better recovery in voiding and sexual function. RS could enhance postoperative recovery in patients with rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bias , Flatulence , Laparoscopy , Odds Ratio , Prostate , Rectal Neoplasms
17.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 119-125, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109090

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We aimed to develop an effective system for surgical site infection (SSI) surveillance and examine the current domestic state of SSIs for common abdominal surgeries in Korea. METHODS: The Korean Surgical Site Infection Surveillance (KOSSIS) program was developed as an SSI surveillance system. A prospective multicenter study in nine university-affiliated or general hospitals was conducted for patients who underwent gastrectomy, cholecystectomy, appendectomy, colectomy, or proctectomy between August 16 and September 30 in 2012. Patients were monitored for up to 30 days by combining direct observation and a postdischarge surgeon survey. Data on SSIs were prospectively collected with KOSSIS secretarial support according to a common protocol. Operation-specific SSI rates were stratified according to risk factors and compared with data from the Korean Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System (KONIS) and National Healthcare Safety Network. A focus group interview was conducted with participating hospitals for feedback. RESULTS: A total of 1,088 operations were monitored: 207 gastrectomies, 318 cholecystectomies, 270 appendectomies, 197 colectomies, and 96 proctectomies. Operation-specific SSI rates determined by the KOSSIS program were substantially higher than those found in KONIS (7.73% [95% confidence interval, 4.5%-12.3%] vs. 3.4% for gastrectomies, 10.15% [95% confidence interval, 6.1%-15.2%] vs. 4.0% for colectomy, and 13.5% [95% confidence interval, 7.4%-22.0%] vs. 4.2% for proctectomy). CONCLUSION: Despite a short surveillance period and heterogenous group of hospitals, our results suggest that KOSSIS could be a useful program to enhance SSI surveillance in Korea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy , Cholecystectomy , Colectomy , Cross Infection , Delivery of Health Care , Focus Groups , Gastrectomy , Hospitals, General , Korea , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection
18.
Korean Journal of Nosocomial Infection Control ; : 52-63, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10185

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This article reports annual data of intensive care units (ICU) module of the Korean Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (KONIS) system from July 2011 through June 2012. METHODS: We performed a prospective surveillance of nosocomial urinary tract infections (UTI), bloodstream infections (BSI), and pneumonia (PNEU) at 143 ICUs in 81 hospitals using the KONIS system. Nosocomial infection (NI) rates were calculated as the number of infections per 1,000 patient days or device days. Asymptomatic bacteriuria was excluded on or after October 1, 2011. RESULTS: A total of 3,374 NIs were found during the study period: 1,356 UTIs (1,336 cases were urinary catheter-associated), 1,253 BSIs (1,091 were central line-associated), and 765 PNEUs (481 were ventilator-associated). The rate of urinary catheter-associated UTIs (CAUTIs) was 2.26 cases per 1,000 device-days (95% confidence interval, 2.14-2.39) and urinary catheter utilization ratio was 0.85 (0.849-0.851). The rate of central line-associated BSIs was 3.01 (2.84-3.19) and the utilization ratio was 0.52 (0.519-0.521). The rate of ventilator-associated PNEUs (VAPs) was 1.70 (1.56-1.86) and the utilization ratio was 0.40 (0.399-0.401). Ventilator and urinary catheter utilization ratios were lower in the ICUs of hospitals with 400-699 beds than those in hospitals with 700-899 beds or more than 900 beds. Nevertheless, VAPs and CAUTIs were more common in hospitals with 400-699 beds. CONCLUSION: Nosocomial infection rates were similar to the findings of those of the previous period, July 2010-July 2011. Implementation of proven infection-control strategies are needed, especially in the hospitals having fewer than 700 beds.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteriuria , Cross Infection , Intensive Care Units , Pneumonia , Prospective Studies , Urinary Catheters , Urinary Tract Infections , Ventilators, Mechanical
19.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 160-166, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198374

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The usefulness of mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) in colon surgery was recently challenged by many multicenter clinical trials and meta-analyses. The objectives of this study were to investigate current national opinions about MBP and prophylactic antibiotics (PA) and to provide preliminary data for developing future Korean guidelines for MBP and PA administration in colorectal surgery. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to 129 colorectal specialists. The questionnaires addressed the characteristics of the hospital, the MBP methods, and the uses of oral and intravenous antibiotics. RESULTS: A total of 73 questionnaires (56.6%) were returned. First, in regard to MBP methods, most surgeons (97.3%) used MBP for a mean of 1.36 days. Most surgeons (98.6%) implemented whole bowel irrigation and used polyethylene glycol (83.3%). Oral antibiotic use was indicated in over half (52.1%) of the responses, the average number of preoperative doses was three, and the mean time of administration was 24.2 hours prior to the operation. Finally, the majority of responders stated that they used intravenous antibiotics (95.9%). The responses demonstrated that second-generation cephalosporin-based regimens were most commonly prescribed, and 75% of the surgeons administered these regimens until three days after the operation. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that most surgeons used MBP and intravenous antibiotics and that half of them administered oral PA in colorectal surgery preparations. The study recommends that the current Korean guidelines should be adapted to adequately reflect the medical status in Korea, to consider the medical environment of the various hospitals, and to establish more accurate and relevant guidelines.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Colon , Colorectal Surgery , Korea , Polyethylene Glycols , Postal Service , Specialization , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 575-579, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194145

ABSTRACT

There are no previous large scale studies which have evaluated the phenotypes and clinical characteristics of Korean Crohn's disease patients who underwent intestinal resection. The purpose of this multicenter retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of Korean Crohn's disease patients who underwent intestinal resection during the study period. A total of 686 patients were enrolled in this study. The study period was over a 20-yr period (1990-2009). The patients were divided into the first-10-yr group and the second-10-yr group. The phenotypes and clinical characteristics were compared between the groups. The most common site of the disease was the ileal area (37.8%) and stricturing behavior was observed in 38.3% patients. The most common type of surgery was segmental resection of the small bowel (30.6%). These phenotypes showed a similar pattern in both the first and second study period groups and did not show any significant differences between the groups. The number of registered patients increased continuously. The phenotypes of Korean Crohn's disease patients who underwent intestinal resection are different compared with previously reported clinical characteristics of general Crohn's disease patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People , Cohort Studies , Colon/surgery , Crohn Disease/pathology , Ileum/surgery , Phenotype , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies
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