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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911614

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate catheter directed thrombolysis in the treatment of early acute superior mesenteric artery embolization.Methods:The clinical data of 19 cases of acute superior mesenteric artery embolization treated with catheter directed thrombolysis therapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University from Aug 2015 to Jul 2020 was retrospectively analyzed.Results:Fifteen cases were treated successfully with catheter directed thrombolysis , the blood flow and intestinal function restored significantly. The condition of 4 patients worsened during catheter directed thrombolysis therapy. Among them, three cases of intestinal necrosis were later confirmed by exploratory laparotomy and they recovered well after enterectomy. One elderly patient unsuitable for laparotomy died.Conclusion:Catheter directed thrombolysis is effective in the treatment of acute superior mesenteric artery embolization in early stage without intestinal necrosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) protein and BRAF V600E protein in thyroid papillary carcinoma (PTC) and their relationship with clinical factors of PTC. Methods:The expression of ERα and BRAF V600E protein in 1 105 PTC patients was detected by immunohistochemistry. The relationship among ERα, BRAF V600E protein and clinical factors were analyzed. Results:Positive ERα protein was correlated with maleness (χ 2= 6.087, P=0.001), age< 45 years old (χ 2=5.197, P=0.023) and multifocal tumors (χ 2=4.446, P=0.035). Positive BRAF V600E protein was correlated with positive ERα protein (χ 2=6.209, P=0.013), Hashimoto thyroiditis (χ 2=29.388, P<0.001), no lateral lymph node metastasis (χ 2=6.849, P=0.009) and multifocal tumors (χ 2=9.596, P=0.035). Conclusions:ERα expression is more common in male patients, patients younger than 45 years of age, those with multifocal tumors and positive BRAF V600E protein. BRAF V600E protein may inhibit Hashimoto's thyroiditis, tumor growth and the occurrence of lateral lymph node metastasis, and promote the occurrence of multiple focal tumors.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910132

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic performance of ultrasound attenuation imaging (ATI) in grading the degree of hepatic steatosis in metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD).Methods:The liver gray-scale ultrasound and ATI examinations were performed on 212 subjects who were treated in Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from August 2020 to March 2021. The attenuation coefficient(AC) values among different degrees of hepatic steatosis were analyzed and the diagnostic performance of ATI was evaluated. Relationships between AC values and clinical characteristics were assessed by Pearson′s correlation analysis.Results:The AC values for normal liver, mild, moderate and severe fatty liver were (0.56±0.05)dB·cm -1·MHz -1, (0.68±0.09)dB·cm -1·MHz -1, (0.82±0.09)dB·cm -1·MHz -1, (0.94±0.09)dB·cm -1·MHz -1, respectively. There were significant differences in AC values among different hepatic steatosis divisions( P<0.008). There was highly significant correlation between AC values and the degree of hepatic steatosis( r=0.860, P<0.01), moderate correlation between AC values and BMI( r=0.425, P<0.01), weak correlation between AC values and HDL-C( r=-0.237, P=0.029), no correlations between AC values and age, TC, TG, LDL-C ( r=0.083, 0.055, 0.133, -0.039, all P>0.05) .The areas under the receiver operating characteristics curve of ATI for mild fatty liver and above, moderate fatty liver and above, severe fatty liver and above were 0.958, 0.962, 0.918; the sensitivity were 90.1%, 95.8%, 94.9%, the specificity were 96.1%, 87.1%, 73.9%, and the cut-off values were 0.666 dB·cm -1·MHz -1, 0.719 dB·cm -1·MHz -1, 0.803 dB·cm -1·MHz -1, respectively. Conclusions:ATI is a reliable and convenient method for evaluating the degree of hepatic steatosis in MAFLD.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3417-3432, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922805

ABSTRACT

Compounds that selectively modulate multiple targets can provide clinical benefits and are an alternative to traditional highly selective agents for unique targets. High-throughput screening (HTS) for multitarget-directed ligands (MTDLs) using approved drugs, and fragment-based drug design has become a regular strategy to achieve an ideal multitarget combination. However, the unexpected presence of pan-assay interference compounds (PAINS) suspects in the development of MTDLs frequently results in nonspecific interactions or other undesirable effects leading to artefacts or false-positive data of biological assays. Publicly available filters can help to identify PAINS suspects; however, these filters cannot comprehensively conclude whether these suspects are "bad" or innocent. Additionally, these

5.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 360-367, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922355

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To observe the changes of gait behavior and the expression of wound healing factors of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), TGF-β3 and cAMP response element binding protein-1 (CREB-1) during the healing of Achilles tendon in a rat model, and to investigate whether gait analysis can be used to evaluate the tendon healing.@*METHODS@#Achilles tendon of 40 healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were transected and sutured to establish the Achilles tendon injury (ATI) model. They were randomly divided into 4 groups based on the observational time point at 1, 2, 4 and 6 weeks after injury (n = 10 for each group). Before modeling, 9 rats were randomly selected for CatWalk gait analysis, which contained step cycle, single stance time and average speed. Data were recorded as the normal controls. After then, ATI models were established in the left hind limbs of the all 40 rats (ATI group), while the right hind limbs were only cut and sutured without injury of the Achilles tendon (sham operation group). At 1, 2, 4 and 6 weeks after injury, the gait behavior of the corresponding group of rats (n = 9) as observed and recorded by CatWalk platform. After then, the rats were sacrificed and Achilles tendon of both limbs was harvested. The tendon healing was observed by gross anatomy and histological examination, and the protein and mRNA expression of TGF-β1, TGF-β3, CREB-1 were observed by immunohistochemistry and qPCR. The results of tendon gross grading were analyzed by Wilcoxon rank sum test, and other data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance among multiple groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal controls, all gait indexes (step cycle, single stance time and average speed) were greatly affected following ATI, which however improved with time. The step cycle was significantly lower at 1, 2 and 4 weeks after ATI (compared with normal controls, all p  0.05). The single stance time of the ATI group was significantly shorter at 1 and 2 weeks after operation ((0.078 ± 0.010) s at 1 week, (0.078 ± 0.020) s at 2 weeks, all p < 0.001) and revealed no significant difference at 4 weeks (p = 0.120). The average speed of ATI group at 1, 2, 4, 6 weeks was significantly lower than that in the normal control group (all p < 0.001). Gross observation showed that the grade of local scar adhesion in ATI group increased significantly at 2, 4 and 6 weeks, compared with the sham operation group (all p < 0.001). Extensive adhesion was formed at 6 weeks after ATI. The results of HE staining showed that the number of fibroblast increased gradually and arranged more orderly in ATI group at 1, 2 and 4 weeks (all p < 0.001), and decreased at 6 weeks, but it was still significantly higher than that of the sham operation group (p < 0.001). Immunohistochemistry showed that the positive expression of TGF-β1, TGF-β3, CREB-1 in ATI group was higher than that in the sham operation group at 4 time points (all p < 0.05), which reached the peak at 2 weeks after operation and decreased at 4 weeks (p = 0.002, p < 0.001, p = 0.041, respectively). The results of qPCR suggested that the mRNA expression of TGF-β1, TGF-β3, CREB-1 in ATI group was higher than that in the sham operation group at all-time points (all p < 0.05), which reached the peak at 2 weeks after operation, decreased at 4 weeks, and significantly decreased at 6 weeks (all p < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Gait behavior indexes are associated with Achilles tendon healing. The study gives an insight of TGF-β1, TGF-β3, CREB-1 changes in the coursing of Achilles tendon healing and these cytokines may be able to be used to regulate the Achilles tendon healing.


Subject(s)
Achilles Tendon , Animals , CREB-Binding Protein , Gait Analysis , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta3 , Wound Healing
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1623-1630, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922306

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of lysosomal-associated protein transmembrane-4 Beta(Laptm4b) deletion on hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) homeostasis in mice.@*METHODS@#The hematopoietic system specific Laptm4b-deficient mice were constructed. The number and proportion of HSPCs (LSK, LT, ST, MPP, etc) in Laptm4b-deficient mice were analyzed by flow cytometry. Single SLAM-HSC cell was sorted by flow sorter and cultured in vitro to measure the effect of Laptm4b deletion on the colony forming ability of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). The effect of Laptm4b-deficient on the reconstitution ability of HSCs in mice was detected by competitive transplantation experiment of SLAM-HSC cells.@*RESULTS@#Laptm4b deficiency could moderately upregulate the proportion of T cells in the peripheral blood of the mice, but showed no significant effect on the proportion and number of HSPCs. Laptm4b deletion showed no effect on the reconstruction ability of HSCs after competitive transplantation, but it could inhibit the colony formation of HSCs in vitro.@*CONCLUSION@#LAPTM4B may play a role in HSCs under the proliferation stress. Laptm4b-deficient in mice hematopoietic system showed no significant effect on the HSPCs homeostasis maintenance and reconstruction ability.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Homeostasis , Mice , Transcription Factors
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921838

ABSTRACT

Motor imagery (MI), motion intention of the specific body without actual movements, has attracted wide attention in fields as neuroscience. Classification algorithms for motor imagery electroencephalogram (MI-EEG) signals are able to distinguish different MI tasks based on the physiological information contained by the EEG signals, especially the features extracted from them. In recent years, there have been some new advances in classification algorithms for MI-EEG signals in terms of classifiers versus machine learning strategies. In terms of classifiers, traditional machine learning classifiers have been improved by some researchers, deep learning and Riemannian geometry classifiers have been widely applied as well. In terms of machine learning strategies, ensemble learning, adaptive learning, and transfer learning strategies have been utilized to improve classification accuracies or reach other targets. This paper reviewed the progress of classification algorithms for MI-EEG signals, summarized and evaluated the existing classifiers and machine learning strategies, to provide new ideas for developing classification algorithms with higher performance.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Electroencephalography , Imagery, Psychotherapy , Imagination , Machine Learning
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921774

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to qualitatively analyze the chemical components in Xiaoer Chiqiao Qingre Granules(XRCQ) by UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS/MS and identify its material basis. The absorbed components in plasma were combined for exploring the potential action mechanism by integrated network pharmacology. ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) column and mobile phase system of 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) were used for gradient elution, followed by high resolution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in both positive and negative ion scanning modes. According to the precise relative molecular mass and MS/MS fragment ions, a total of 124 chemical components were identified in XRCQ by the comparison with references and literature reports, among which 29 compounds were completely confirmed by comparison with reference substances. Then, the main absorbed components of XRCQ in plasma were also analyzed and clarified by UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS/MS. BATMAN-TCM and SwissTargetPrediction were used for target prediction of absorbed components in plasma. Following the plotting of association network with Cytoscape 3.8.2, the core targets were subjected to GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis and a component-target-pathway network was constructed. A total of eight main targets of XRCQ against fever in children were obtained together with eight absorbed components in plasma, including glycyrhydinic acid, hesperidin, emodin, reticuline, daidzein, magnolignan C, magnolignan A, and magnolaldehyde D. It was inferred that XRCQ might improve alimentary system abnormality, inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and endocrine disorder through tumor necrosis factor, PI3 K-AKT, and other signaling pathways. The present study comprehensively expounded the chemical profiles of XRCQ and the main absorbed components in plasma and predicted the potential mechanism of XRCQ based on integrated network pharmacology, which has provided certain theoretical reference for the clinical application of XRCQ.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921699

ABSTRACT

Whitmania pigra is the most widely distributed species of leeches in the market. In this study, the effect of heavy metal lead pollution on the anticoagulant activity of Wh. pigra was studied and the potential mechanism was explored. Pb(NO_3)_2 was used to contaminate the breeding soil which was then used to rear Wh. pigra for 50 days(lead-contaminated group, LC group), and meanwhile the blank control group(CG group) was set. Proteins were extracted from the obtained leech samples, and the differentially expressed proteins between LC and CG groups were analyzed by label-free proteomics technology. In this study, a total of 152 differentially expressed proteins were screened out, of which 93 proteins were up-regulated and 59 proteins were down-regulated in LC group. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the biological processes enriched with the differentially expressed proteins were mainly vesicle-mediated transport and transport positive regulation; the enriched cell components were mainly endocytosis vesicles and apical plasma membrane; the enriched molecular functions mainly included carbohydrate binding. The differentially expressed proteins were enriched in 76 KEGG pathways, which mainly involved metabolic pathways, biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, and bacterial invasion of epithelial cells. In this study, two differentially expressed proteins with Antistasin domain were presumed, which provides reference for further exploring the regulatory mechanism and signal transduction underlying the effect of lead pollution on the anticoagulant activity of leech.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anticoagulants/pharmacology , Environmental Pollution , Leeches , Metals, Heavy , Proteomics
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2850-2858, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888805

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection severely threatens global health and economic development. No effective antiviral drug is currently available to treat COVID-19 and any other human coronavirus infections. We report herein that a macrolide antibiotic, carrimycin, potently inhibited the cytopathic effects (CPE) and reduced the levels of viral protein and RNA in multiple cell types infected by human coronavirus 229E, OC43, and SARS-CoV-2. Time-of-addition and pseudotype virus infection studies indicated that carrimycin inhibited one or multiple post-entry replication events of human coronavirus infection. In support of this notion, metabolic labelling studies showed that carrimycin significantly inhibited the synthesis of viral RNA. Our studies thus strongly suggest that carrimycin is an antiviral agent against a broad-spectrum of human coronaviruses and its therapeutic efficacy to COVID-19 is currently under clinical investigation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2322-2333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887799

ABSTRACT

Chitosan is a natural polysaccharide that is widely used in food, textile, cosmetics, and medical industries. In the field of stomatology, chitosan and its derivatives are widely used in the treatment of many common oral diseases due to a variety of excellent biological properties, such as anti-infection, drug-loading, remineralization and osteogenesis. This review summarized the latest advances in the biological properties of chitosan and its derivatives, as well as their applications in the prevention and treatment of oral diseases.


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents , Chitosan
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1400-1408, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887072

ABSTRACT

Qing-Fei-Pai-Du decoction (QFPDD) is a combination of traditional Chinese medicine and plays an important role in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study investigated the inhibitory effect of QFPDD on coronavirus replication and antiviral mechanism. The cytotoxicity of QFPDD was determined by PrestoBlue cell viability assay. Quantitive reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunofluorescence assay (IF) were used to detect the inhibitory effects of QFPDD on coronavirus at RNA and protein levels. qRT-PCR was used to detect the adsorption and penetration of coronavirus after QFPDD treatment. The effects of QFPDD on interferon (IFN) and interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) were also detected by qRT-PCR. The results showed that QFPDD inhibited coronavirus at RNA and protein levels in a dose-dependent manner at non-toxic concentration, and QFPDD targeted in the early stages of coronavirus infection cycle. Preliminary mechanism studies have shown that QFPDD can directly block the virus entry into the cell by inhibiting virus adsorption, and QFPDD can also play an antiviral role by up-regulating the expression of IFN and ISGs. These results indicate QFPDD as a drug potential to treat coronavirus infection.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1830-1836, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886275

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effe cts of the water extract from Carpesium cernuum (AECC)on the proliferation , metastasis and invasion of prostate cancer PC 3 cells. METHODS :Cells were divided into control group and different concentration groups of AECC (5,10,20,40,80 μg/L),and then treated with relevant medicine or medium for different time (24,48,72 h). The survival rates of cells were detected. Cells were divided into control group ,and AECC low ,medium and high concentration groups(20,40,80 μg/L). After cultured for 24 h,Hoechst 33258 staining and flow cytometry were used to detect the apoptosis of cells. The number of cell metastasis and invasion were detected by Transwell assay. RT-qPCR and Western blot assay were applied to detect the mRNA and protein expression of β-catenin signaling pathway related migration and apoptosis proteins (β-catenin, MMP-7,c-Myc,caspase-3,Bcl-2 and Bax )in AECC low and medium concentration groups. RESULTS :With the increase of the concentration and culture time ,the survival rates of cells in AECC different concentration groups were significantly lower than control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01),and showed a decreasing trend. Compared with control group ,the early apoptosis rate (except the medium concentration group )and the number of cell metastasis and invasion in AECC groups ,the mRNA and protein expression of MMP- 7,c-Myc(except for the low concentration group )and Bcl- 2(except for mRNA of the low concentration group)in AECC low and medium concentration groups were decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Late apoptosis rate of AECC groups ,the mRNA and protein expression of β-catenin,caspases-3(except for the low concentration group ),Bax(except for mRNA of the low concentration group )in AECC low and medium concentration groups were increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :AECC could inhibit the proliferation ,metastasis and invasion of PC 3 cells;the mechanism of which may be associated with regulating the expression of β-catenin signaling pathway related migration and apoptotic factors.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 164-169, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884982

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma with rhabdoid differentiation(mRCC-R) or sarcomatoid differentiation(mRCC-S)and the survival of the patients.Methods:The clinicopathological and postoperative follow-up data of 5 patients with mRCC-R and 9 with mRCC-S confirmed by pathology from February 2016 to December 2018 in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital were reviewed. There were 3 male and 2 female patients in mRCC-R group, with the average age of (60.2±7.1)years old. The clinic manifestation included back or abdominal pain in 2 cases, loss of appetite and weight in one case and founding during physical examination in 2 cases, with the average maximum diameter was (8.8±4.1)cm. The site of tumor included left kidney in 3 cases and right kidney in 2 cases. Lung metastasis was found in 4 cases. Lung and peritoneum metastasis was found in one case. There were 8 male and 1 female patients in mRCC-S group, with the average age of (58.0±8.0)years old. The clinic manifestation included back or abdominal pain in one case, loss of weight in one case, gross hematuria in one case and founding during physical examination in 6 cases. The average diameter of tumor was (8.9±3.5)cm. The site of tumor included left kidney in 4 cases and right kidney in 5 cases. Postoperative metastasis included lung in 3 cases, bone in one case, retroperitoneal lymph node in one case, brain in one case, lung associated with bone in one case. All of the patients were pathologically diagnosed with renal clear cell carcinoma. After metastasis, 5 cases of mRCC-R and 6 cases of mRCC-S were treated with Sorafenib, 2 cases of mRCC-S were treated with Sunitinib, and 1 case of mRCC-S was treated with Axitinib. The efficacy of TKI for the two specific pathological types and for single pathological type at the early postoperative period (within 3 months) and 3 months later was compared. Meanwhile, subgroup analysis was performed on the efficacy of TKI and survival of patients with same metastatic sites in the two groups.Results:The mean overall survival(OS) of mRCC-R and mRCC-S treated with TKI was (26.5±5.5)months and (20.7±4.7) months( P=0.329), and the mean progression-free survival (PFS) was (21.9±5.5) months and (6.3±2.1)months( P=0.013), respectively. Comparing the efficacy of using TKI in the early postoperative period and after 3 months, the mean OS was (27.5±6.5)months and (16.8±6.1)months ( P=0.619), and the mean PFS was (12.3±3.3)months and (3.3±1.7)months ( P=0.096), respectively. There was only 1 patient with mRCC-R who used TKI within 3 months after surgery, and the result was disease progressed and eventually died, OS was 3 months. Comparing the efficacy of TKI in mRCC-R and mRCC-S with lung metastasis alone, the mean OS was (33.3±2.2) months and (19.5±8.9)months ( P=0.118), and the mean PFS was (27.3±3.1) months and (7.8±4.2) months ( P=0.009), respectively. Patients with liver, bone or brain metastasis only occurred in mRCC-S, so it is unable to identify the efficacy of TKI in the two groups. Conclusions:The efficacy of TKI in the treatment of mRCC-R was better than mRCC-S, and there was statistically significant difference in PFS, especially in patients with lung metastasis alone in the two groups. There was no significant difference in the efficacy between patients with mRCC-R who took TKI in the early postoperative period (within 3 months)and those who took TKI after 3 months.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884794

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical pathological characteristics and initial 131I curative responses of familial differentiated thyroid cancer (FDTC) and sporadic differentiated thyroid cancer (SDTC). Methods:A total of 66 FDTC patients (19 males, 47 females, age (39.8±11.7) years) and 1 701 SDTC patients (442 males, 1 259 females, age (40.9±11.3) years) who underwent 131I therapy in Department of Nuclear Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology between January 2010 and August 2018 were retrospectively enrolled. The clinical pathological characteristics, preablative stimulated thyroglobulin (ps-Tg), preablative stimulated thyroglobulin antibody (ps-TgAb) and response to initial therapy (excellent response, indeterminate response, biochemical incomplete response, structural incomplete response) of two groups were analyzed and compared. The clinical pathological parameters included age, gender, pathological type, tumour maximum diameter, bilateral, multifoci, nodules goiter, thyroiditis, thyroid membrane invasion, lymph node metastasis (LNM), invasion of the surrounding soft tissues, distant metastasis, TNM staging and American Thyroid Association (ATA) risk stratification (low-risk, intermediate-risk, high-risk). χ2 test or Fisher exact test and independent-sample t test were used to compare the data between two groups. Results:Comparing with SDTC group, FDTC group showed higher proportion of bilateral foci (45.5%(30/66) vs 31.2%(530/1 701); χ2=5.999, P=0.010), thyroid membrane invasion (43.9%(29/66) vs 26.6%(452/1 701); χ2=9.672, P=0.002) and distant metastasis (15.2%(10/66) vs 6.2%(105/1 701); χ2=8.418, P=0.004). There was a statistical difference in risk stratification between two groups (high-risk: 18.2%(12/66) vs 9.2%(156/1 701); intermediate-risk: 68.2%(45/66) vs 72.7%(1 237/1 701); low-risk: 13.6%(9/66) vs 18.1%(308/1 701); χ2=6.898, P=0.030). But the tumor maximum diameter of FDTC group was smaller than that of SDTC group ((1.24±0.74) vs (1.50±0.92) cm; t=-2.275, P=0.020). There were no significant differences in other clinical pathological parameters between FDTC group and SDTC group ( t=-0.804, χ2 values: 0.101-5.359, all P>0.05). There were no significant differences between two groups in the postoperation ps-Tg, ps-TgAb levels and the response to initial therapy after 131I treatment ( χ2 values: 0.059-1.915, all P>0.05). Conclusions:The FDTC group displays distinct characteristics as increased aggressiveness at diagnosis. But after accurately treatment, there is no significant difference in the response to therapy between two groups.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884323

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the urethral mobility of normal parous women in China and explore the impacts of related risk factors on it using translabial ultrasound.Methods:Females who met the inclusion criteria in 37 tertiary hospitals from February 2017 to August 2018 were included. All women underwent standardized translabial ultrasound examination and the urethral rotation angle (URA), bladder neck position at maximum Valsalva maneuver (BNP-V) and bladder neck descent (BND) were measured. Questionnaires were used to collect basic information including age, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), past medical history, maternity history, and urinary incontinence related history. Mann-Whitney U test and multiple linear regression analysis were adopted to explore the influences of age, BMI, delivery mode and parity on normal parous women′s urethral mobility. Then, the study subjects were divided into different groups and the corresponding values of URA, BNP-V and BND were compared. Results:Compared with parous women with normal BMI and no history of vaginal delivery, those who were overweight and/or had a history of vaginal delivery were more likely to gain greater URA and BND ( P<0.05). The URA and BND were not significantly different between women with different times of cesarean sections ( P>0.05); while for women with a history of vaginal delivery, these two parameters increased with the increase of the number of transvaginal deliveries ( P<0.05). Conclusions:BMI and vaginal delivery are important risk factors for the urethral mobility of normal parous women. The urethral mobility increases with the increase of BMI and the number of vaginal deliveries.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1422-1430, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878188

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Functional dyspepsia (FD) has rarely been investigated in areas with a high prevalence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This study aims to reveal the epidemiological and clinical features of FD and organic dyspepsia (OD) in such a population.@*METHODS@#A middle-aged and elderly population-based study was conducted in a region with a high incidence of ESCC. All participants completed the Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire and Functional Gastrointestinal Disease Rome III Diagnostic Questionnaire, and they underwent gastroscopy. After exclusion of gastroesophageal reflux disease, uninvestigated dyspepsia (UID) was divided into OD and FD for further analyses.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2916 participants were enrolled from July 2013 to March 2014 in China. We detected 166 UID cases with questionnaires, in which 17 patients with OD and 149 with FD were diagnosed via gastroscopy. OD cases presented as reflux esophagitis (RE), ESCC, and duodenal ulcer. Heartburn (52.94%) and reflux (29.41%) were common in OD, but no symptomatic differences were found between FD and OD. Male sex, low education level, and liquid food were the risk factors for OD, while frequent fresh vegetable consumption was a protective factor. FD included 56 (37.58%) cases of postprandial distress syndrome (PDS), 52 (34.89%) of epigastric pain syndrome (EPS), nine (6.04%) of PDS + EPS, and 32 (21.48%) of FD + functional esophageal disorders. The Helicobacter pylori infection rate in FD patients was not higher than that in the control group (34.23% vs. 42.26%, P = 0.240). Frequent spicy food consumption was associated with PDS (odds ratio [OR]: 2.088, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.028-4.243), while consumption of deep well water was protective for PDS (OR: 0.431, 95% CI: 0.251-0.741).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence of FD was 5.11% in the studied population. Gastroscopy should be prescribed for dyspepsia patients in case that ESCC and RE would be missed in UID cases diagnosed solely by the Rome III questionnaire.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01688908; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01688908.


Subject(s)
Aged , China/epidemiology , Dyspepsia/epidemiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877078

ABSTRACT

Objective To collect and summarize the opinions of experts on the improvement of China's disease prevention and control system published in the public media, so as to provide reference for the relevant construction planning of the government. Methods: Articles were collected from January to May, 2020, which were published on Chinese mainstream media. Based on the analysis of literature and the basic characteristics of experts, Analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was used to summarize the construction points of experts in different construction fields. Results: A total of 19 opinion articles were finally included in the study and 29 experts were involved. The suggestions of experts on the construction of China's disease prevention and control system were summarized into four aspects. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic is a challenge to the existing public health epidemic prevention and control system in China, and also an important opportunity for the development and construction of the related system.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879278

ABSTRACT

Lower extremity movement is a complex and large range of limb movement. Arterial stents implanted in lower extremity are prone to complex mechanical deformation, so the stent is required to have high comprehensive mechanical properties. In order to evaluate the mechanical property of different stents, in this paper, finite element method was used to simulate and compare the mechanical properties of six nitinol stents (Absolute Pro, Complete SE, Lifestent, Protégé EverFlex, Pulsar-35 and New) under different deformation modes, such as radial compression, axial compression/tension, bending and torsion, and the radial support performance of the stents was verified by experiments. The results showed that the comprehensive performance of New stent was better than other stents. Among which the radial support performance was higher than Absolute Pro and Pulsar-35 stent, the axial support performance was better than Complete SE, Lifestent and Protégé EverFlex stent, the flexibility was superior to Protégé Everflex stent, and the torsion performance was better than Complete SE, Lifestent and Protégé Everflex stent. The TTR2 type radial support force tester was used to test the radial support performance of 6 types, and the finite element analysis results were verified. The mechanical properties of the stent are closely related to the structural size. The result provides a reference for choosing a suitable stent according to the needs of the diseased location in clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Femoral Artery , Finite Element Analysis , Lower Extremity , Mechanical Phenomena , Prosthesis Design , Stents , Stress, Mechanical
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811530

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The purpose of this review of COVID-19 related research is to deepen our understanding of SARS-CoV-2, which would be inspire new ideas for targeted drug development and vaccine design, and further empower the prevention and control COVID-19.@*Methods@#Through literature research and data analysis, we explored the process and mechanism of epitranscriptomics modification to regulate the replication and infectivity of COVID-19.@*Results@#Provide important ideas and technical support for the prevention and control of SARS-CoV-2 infections and emerging epidemic diseases.@*Conclusions@#Taking the new research direction of epitranscriptomics as the starting point, it is expected to open up new scientific research concepts and paradigms.

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