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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 133-135, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005924

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics and influencing factors of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Hubei province, and to provide a theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of NSCLC patients with COPD. Methods A total of 246 NSCLC patients admitted to our hospital from 2018 to 2020 were selected and divided into control group (without COPD, n=125) and observation group (with COPD, n=121) according to COPD. The clinical characteristics of chest pain, hemoptysis, emasculation, atelectasis and pleural effusion were compared between the two groups. The values of FEV1/FVC, RV/TLC and DLCO in the two groups were measured by pulmonary function detector. The age, gender, smoking, smoking history, proportion of lung squamous cell carcinoma, TNM stage and other clinical data of all subjects were analyzed by self-made survey scale of our hospital. Univariate analysis and logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors of COPD in NSCLC patients. Results Among 246 NSCLC patients, 121 patients (49.19%) were complicated with COPD, including 76 males and 45 females, and there was a statistical difference between the two groups (χ2=4.891, P>0.05). The average age of the observation group (61.02±4.82) was significantly higher than that of the control group (59.76±4.73) (t=2.069, P0.05). Male (OR=2.982), smoking history (OR=2.623) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (OR=3.147) were risk factors for COPD in NSCLC patients (P<0.05). Conclusions NSCLC patients with COPD are more common in male smokers in Hubei Province, often accompanied by pleural effusion , severe hemoptysis and other symptoms , and their lung function is decreased. Early detection and standardized treatment of COPD in the treatment of NSCLC can improve the prognosis of patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 291-296, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influence of intensive magnet fields on radiation dose measurement, and to demonstrate the feasibility of measuring magnet field correction factor by a combination of medical linac with variable magnet fields in view of needing for accurate measurement of the doses from reference beam arising in MR image-guided radiotherapy.Methods:A photon radiation field and a variable field with 6 MV nominal high voltage were produced by using conventional medical electron linear accelerator equipped with a pair of electromagnets with magnetic field strength up to 1.5 T. Both PTW30013 and PTW31010 ionization chambers were used to test the responses of ionization chambers under different magnetic field strengths at four orientations in which the angles between ionization chamber axis and magnetic field direction were 0°, 180°, 90° and 270°, respectively. The magnetic factors, kB, M was calculated and compared with the reported values in literature. Results:The response of ionization chamber was proportional to the magnetic field strength before it reached to a peak around 1 T, and then fell down as the magnetic field continued to rise. When the magnetic field was 0.35 T, the magnetic factors of PTW31010 were 0.988 2±0.000 3 and 0.997 4±0.000 4 corresponding to 90° and 0° directions, the discrepancy between 0° scenario and literature was 0.05% ± 0.04%. When the magnetic field reached 1.5 T, the magnetic factor of PTW30013 was 0.958 9±0.000 5 at the situation of 90°, which was 0.60% ± 0.05% different from the literature value.Conclusions:Conventional 6 MV medical accelerator equipped with electromagnet can be used to measure the magnetic field factor of reference dosimetry for MRIgRT.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 331-340, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992606

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of the classified reduction based on CT two-dimensional images for the surgical treatment of single segment facet joint dislocation in subaxial cervical spine.Methods:A retrospective case series study was made on 105 patients with single segment facet joint dislocation in subaxial cervical spine admitted to Zhengzhou Orthopedic Hospital from January 2015 to October 2022. There were 63 males and 42 females, with the age range of 22-78 years [(47.5±3.6)years]. Preoperative American Spinal Cord Injury Association (ASIA) classification was grade A in 23 patients, grade B in 45, grade C in 22, grade D in 15 and grade E in 0. The classification of surgical approach was based on the presence or not of continuity between anterior and posterior subaxial cervical structures and the movability of the posterior cervical facet joint on CT two-dimensional images, including anterior cervical surgery if both were presented and posterior facet joint resection plus anterior cervical surgery if there was discontinuity between anterior and posterior subaxial cervical structures or posterior facet joint fusion. Reduction procedures were applied in accordance with the type of facet joint dislocation classified based on the position of the lower upper corner of facet joint, including skull traction or manipulative reduction for the dislocation locating at the dorsal side (type A), intraoperative skull traction and leverage technique for the dislocation locating at the top (type B) and intraoperative skull traction and leverage technique with boosting for the dislocation locating at the ventral side (type C). If the dislocation of two facet joints in the same patient was different, the priority of management followed the order of type C, type B and type A. The reduction success rate, operation time and intraoperative blood loss were recorded. The cervical physiological curvature was evaluated by comparing the intervertebral space height and Cobb angle before operation, at 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up. The fusion rate of intervertebral bone grafting was evaluated by Lenke grading at 3 months after operation. The spinal cord nerve injury was assessed with ASIA classification before operation and at 3 months after operation. Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score was applied to measure the degree of cervical spinal cord dysfunction before operation and at 3 months after operation, and the final follow-up score was used to calculate the rate of spinal cord functional recovery. The occurrence of complications was observed.Results:All patients were followed up for 3-9 months [(6.0±2.5)months]. The reduction success rate was 100%. The operation time was 40-95 minutes [(58.6±9.3)minutes]. The intraoperative blood loss was 40 to 120 ml [(55.7±6.8)ml]. The intervertebral space height was (4.7±0.3)mm and (4.7±0.2)mm at 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up, significantly decreased from preoperative (3.1±0.5)mm (all P<0.01), but there was no significant difference in intervertebral space height at 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up ( P>0.05). The Cobb angle was (6.5±1.3)° and (6.3±1.2)° at 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up, significantly increased from preoperative (-5.4±2.2)° (all P<0.01), but there was no significant difference in Cobb angle at 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up ( P>0.05). The fusion rate of intervertebral bone grafting evaluated by Lenke grading was 100% at 3 months after operation. The ASIA grading was grade A in 15 patients, grade B in 42, grade C in 29, grade D in 12 and grade E in 7 at 3 months after operation. The patients showed varying degrees of improvement in postoperative ASIA grade except that 15 patients with preoperative ASIA grade A had partial recovery of limb sensation but no improvement in ASIA grade. The JOA score was (13.3±0.6)points and (13.1±0.6)points at 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up, significantly improved from preoperative (6.8±1.4)points (all P<0.01), but there was no significant difference in JOA score at 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up ( P>0.05). The rate of spinal cord functional recovery was (66.3±2.5)% at the last follow-up. All patients had no complications such as increased nerve damage or vascular damage. Conclusion:The classified reduction based on CT two-dimensional images for the surgical treatment of single segment facet joint dislocation in subaxial cervical spine has advantages of reduced facet joint dislocation, recovered intervertebral space height and physiological curvature, good intervertebral fusion and improved spinal cord function.

4.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 203-209, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of 40 Hz and 70 Hz frequency flash stimulation on the ability of learning memory and autonomous exploratory in young rats.Methods:Twenty-seven SPF grade male SD rats aged 19-21 days were divided into control group (Ctr group), 40 Hz group and 70 Hz group with 9 in each group according to the random number table.The rats in Ctr group were not given flash stimulation, while rats in the 40 Hz and 70 Hz group were received 40 Hz, 70 Hz flash stimulation (1.5 h/d for 39 days), respectively.The Morris water maze experiment was used to assess the learning and memory ability of rats, and the open field experiment was used to evaluate the ability of autonomous exploratory of rats.Nissl staining was used to assess the morphology of Nissl bodies in the hippocampus CA1 region of the rats.The local field potentials (LFPs) collected from the primary visual cortex (V1 area) region by electrophysiological experiments was used to verify the synchronization of flash evoked neural oscillations.SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis.The repeated measures ANOVA and one-way ANOVA were used to analyze normal distribution measurement data, and LSD and Tamhane tests were used for further pairwise comparison.The Kruskal-Wallis test was used for non-normal distribution measurement data.Results:(1) The flash stimulation of 40 Hz and 70 Hz both can effectively caused synchronization of neural oscillations in the primary visual cortex of healthy young rats.(2) The results of repeated measures ANOVA analysis showed that there was no interaction effect of grouping and time in the escape latency of young rats in the Morris water maze positioning navigation phase( F=1.326, P>0.05 ). The escape latency had time main effect ( F=40.025, P<0.05), but no grouping main effect ( F=2.039, P>0.05). With the increase of learning days, the escape latency of young rats in each group decreased significantly.There was no interaction effect of grouping and time in the total distance of young rats ( F=2.029, P>0.079). It had time main effect ( F=32.052, P<0.05), but not grouping main effect ( F=2.390, P>0.05) on total distance.With the increase of learning days, the total distance of young rats in each group significantly shortened.On the 6th day of the Morris water maze experiment, there was no statistically significant difference among groups in terms of time in the target quadrant and the number of crossing platforms ( F=2.511, 0.802, both P>0.05). The results of the open field experiment showed that the total distance traveled in the center of young rats in each group was statistically significant ( H=8.935, P<0.05), the total distance traveled in the center in the 70 Hz group (3.80 (2.25, 6.93) m)was significantly longer than that in the 40 Hz group (0.80 (0.72, 1.46) m), P<0.05). The percentage of time spent in the center was statistically significant in the three groups ( H=11.050, P<0.05). Young rats in the 70 Hz group spent significantly higher percentage of time in the center(3.20(2.43, 8.30)) than those in the 40 Hz group (0.95 (0.37, 1.06 ), P<0.05 ). (3) Nissl staining results showed that Nissl bodies in the hippocampal CA1 area of young rats in Ctr, 40 Hz and 70 Hz group were all arranged neatly and tightly, no edema was found in the surrounding stroma, and no obvious inflammatory cell infiltration was found. Conclusion:70 Hz frequency flash stimulation may promote the ability of learning memory and autonomous exploratory of young rats.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 56-59, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991578

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the surveillance data of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) in Shandong Province, master the changes of KBD, and provide scientific basis for formulating prevention and control strategies of KBD and adjustment of the prevention and control focus of KBD.Methods:According to the requirements of the "National KBD Monitoring Plan" and the "Shandong KBD Monitoring Plan", from 2016 to 2020, the disease monitoring was carried out in the villages of KBD areas in Shandong Province, including the number of clinical positive cases, the number of X-ray positive cases, and the number of metaphyseal positive cases. The detection rate was calculated, and the dynamic changes of the disease was analyzed macroscopically.Results:From 2016 to 2020, a total of 1 816 children aged 7 - 12 years were clinically examined in Shandong Province, and no child with KBD was found. A total of 1 224 children were examined by X-ray, among which 1 positive patient was found in 2016 and 2017, respectively, both of whom were metaphyseal changes, with a total detection rate of 0.16%. There were 367 adult patients with KBD in Shandong Province, including 304 patients with grade Ⅰ, 47 patients with grade Ⅱ and 16 patients with grade Ⅲ. All villages in the KBD areas in Shandong Province had reached the elimination standard, with the elimination rate of 100%.Conclusion:No clinical case of KBD is detected in children aged 7 - 12 years in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, which has reached the elimination standard and is in a continuous elimination state.

6.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 909-914, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005649

ABSTRACT

The concept of people first has important inspirations for the value rational return of medical humanities education in the new era. It is consistent with the educational value, curriculum attribute, and practical attribute of medical humanistic education, and puts forward new requirements for the value rational return of medical humanities education in terms of educational supply content, practical curriculum setting, educational development form, and educational effect evaluation. Medical colleges and universities should further adhere to the medical humanities education concept centered on people’s health, optimize the practice curriculum of medical humanistic education, innovate the practice platform of medical humanistic education, and construct a value evaluation mechanism of medical humanistic education, so as to promote the value rational return of medical humanities education under the concept of people first.

7.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 152-155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004862

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate whether there is a correlation between the differences in ABO blood group distribution in patients with pancreatic cancer, and to evaluate the relative risk. 【Methods】 Patients with pathological diagnosis or discharge diagnosis of pancreatic cancer who underwent ABO blood group typing in our hospital from January 2017 to October 2021 were selected, and the blood group distribution of patients and the correlation were analyzed. 【Results】 There was a statistically significant difference between the pancreatic cancer group and the control group (P<0.05). The study showed that type A may be a relative risk factor for pancreatic cancer patients (χ2=42.44, P<0.001), and type B may play a protective role (χ2=16.28, P<0.01). Significant differences were found in distribution between different gender groups (χ2=64.35, P<0.05). The test results showed that type A may be a risk factor for pancreatic cancer in men (χ2=35.2, OR=1.7, 95%CI=0.59-1.02, P<0.001), and type O may play a protective role in pancreatic cancer(χ2=18.22, OR=0.6, 95%CI=0.25-0.32, P<0.01); type A may be a relative risk factor for female pancreatic cancer patients (χ2=7.06, OR=1.4, 95%CI=0.59-1.02, P<0.001), while type B may play a protective role (χ2=20.32, OR=0.5, 95%CI=0.32-0.43, P<0.01). In pancreatic cancer group, the risk factors of blood type A were higher than those of non-A group, and the protective effect of type B was significantly higher than that of non-B group. 【Conclusion】 The distribution of blood group and relative risk factors in pancreatic cancer patients suggest that A type is predominant; in the population with A blood group, more attention should be paid to early prevention and early treatment, so as to reduce the risk of disease.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2867-2872, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003278

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of the serum levels of Clusterin and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) in assessing the prognosis of sepsis patients with acute liver injury. MethodsA total of 127 sepsis patients with acute liver injury who were admitted to Lianyungang Hospital, Xuzhou Medical University, from March 2019 to May 2022 were enrolled, and according to their prognosis after 28 days of treatment, they were divided into death group with 35 patients and survival group with 92 patients. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. A pearson correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlation. The prognostic value of serum Clusterin and S1P was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve. ResultsThere were significant differences between the two groups in the degree of liver injury, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, the presence or absence of acute kidney injury, prothrombin time (PT), international normalized ratio (INR), Child-Pugh class, and C-reactive protein (all P<0.05). The death group had significantly lower serum levels of Clusterin and S1P than the survival group (t=11.094 and 10.390, both P<0.05). The patients with severe liver injury had significantly lower serum levels of Clusterin and S1P than those with mild or moderate liver injury (t=9.825 and 11.418, both P<0.05). The multivariate regression analysis showed that the degree of liver injury (odds ratio [OR]=1.260, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.081 — 1.468, P<0.05), APACHEII score (OR=1.031, 95%CI: 1.019 — 1.044, P<0.05), SOFA score (OR=1.066, 95%CI: 1.039 — 1.094, P<0.05), Clusterin (OR=0.899, 95%CI: 0.859 — 0.940, P<0.05), and S1P (OR=0.824, 95%CI: 0.749 — 0.908, P<0.05) were independent risk factors for the prognosis of patients with sepsis. The ROC curve analysis showed that serum Clusterin and S1P used alone or in combination had an area under the ROC curve of 0.864, 0.861, and 0.949, respectively. Serum Clusterin and S1P were significantly negatively correlated with alanine aminotransferase, total bilirubin, PT, and INR in sepsis patients with acute liver injury (all P<0.05). ConclusionThe sepsis patients with acute liver injury who died had significant reductions in serum Clusterin and S1P compared with those who survived, and the levels of Clusterin and S1P are closely associated with the degree of liver injury. The combination of Clusterin and S1P has a good value in predicting the prognosis of sepsis patients with acute liver injury and is expected to become a potential marker for predicting the prognosis of sepsis patients with acute liver injury.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 64-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996811

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo decipher the mechanism of modified Sanpiantang in the treatment of nitroglycerin-induced migraine in rats. MethodSeventy-two Wistar rats were randomized into the control, model (nitroglycerin, 10 mg·kg-1), positive control (rizatriptan, 0.89 mg·kg-1), and high- (12.96 g·kg-1), medium- (6.48 g·kg-1), and low-dose (3.24 g·kg-1) modified Sanpiantang groups. The rat model of migraine was established by intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg·kg-1 nitroglycerin. The behavioral test was carried out to measure the mechanical pain thresholds (MPT) of the periorbital region and hindpaw after successful modeling. The serum levels of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in rats were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was employed to determine the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC). Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of iNOS and phospho-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p-p38 MAPK) in the TNC. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) was performed to measure the mRNA levels of iNOS, p38 MAPK, and IL-1β in the TNC. ResultCompared with the control group, the model group showed decreased MPT (P<0.01), elevated serum levels of NO, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-1β (P<0.01), and up-regulated expression levels of p38 MAPK, iNOS, and IL-1β in the TNC (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, modified Sanpiantang increased the MPT (P<0.05), and the medium-dose group showed the most significant effect (P<0.01). In addition, modified Sanpiantang down-regulated the mRNA levels of iNOS, p38 MAPK, and IL-1β and the protein levels of p-p38 MAPK and iNOS in the TNC of migraine rats (P<0.05, P<0.01) and lowered the serum levels of NO, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-1β (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionModified Sanpiantang may treat migraine by down-regulating the expression of pro-inflammatory factors such as NO, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-1β in the p38 MAPK/iNOS signaling pathway to reduce the neurogenic inflammation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 145-152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995604

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and prognostic factors of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in the treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) with chronic renal failure (CRF).Methods:A retrospective study. From January 2016 to June 2021, a total of 82 eyes of 58 patients diagnosed with PDR combined with CRF and treated with PPV in Department of Ophthalmology, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University were included in the study. There were 32 cases in males and 26 cases in females. The mean age was (48.45±10.41) years. The course of renal failure was (4.15±3.23) years, and the course of diabetes was (14.45±6.71) years. All patients undergo best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). The BCVA examination was performed using the international standard Snellen visual acuity chart, which was converted to logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity for recording. The mean number of logMAR BCVA was 2.04±0.82 (0.7-2.8). The duration of vitreous hemorrhage averaged (2.65±1.55) months. There were 38 eyes (46.3%, 38/82) with traction retinal detachment; 32 eyes had a history of panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) treatment (39.0%, 32/82). All eyes were treated with 25G PPV. Patients with traction retinal detachment were treated with intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) 3 days before surgery. Opacification of the lens affected the operation operator combined with phacoemulsification. Biochemical indexes such as hemoglobin, glycosylated hemoglobin, albumin, creatinine, uric acid, and alternative treatment (non-dialysis/hemodialysis/peritoneal dialysis) were collected. Postoperative follow-up time was ≥6 months. χ2 test or Fisher's exact test were used for comparison between groups. A logistic regression model was used for multivariate analysis, and Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlations between variables. Results:At 6 months after surgery, the mean logMAR BCVA was 1.16±0.57. Compared with logMAR BCVA before surgery, the difference was statistically significant ( t=-0.837, P<0.001); 44 eyes had BCVA ≥0.1 and 38 eyes had BCVA <0.1. Postoperative vitreous hemorrhage (PVH) was observed in 17 eyes after surgery (20.7%, 17/82). PVH occurred in 15 (46.9%, 15/32), 1 (2.3%, 1/44), and 1 (16.7%, 1/6) eyes in patients without dialysis, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, respectively. There was significant difference between those without dialysis and those on hemodialysis ( χ2=26.506, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between peritoneal dialysis patients and those without dialysis and hemodialysis patients ( χ2=2.694, 2.849; P>0.05). PVH occurred in 3 (10.0%, 3/30) and 14 (27.0%, 14/52) eyes of vitreous cavity filled with silicone oil and perfusion fluid, respectively. The difference was statistically significant ( χ2=3.315, P<0.05); 1 (33.3%, 1/3) and 10 (71.4%, 10/14) eyes were treated with PPV again, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Neovascular glaucoma (NVG) occurred in 12 eyes (14.6%, 12/82). Logistic regression analysis showed that age [odds ratio ( OR) =0.911, P<0.05], diabetic retinopathy (DR) stage ( OR=7.229, P<0.05), renal failure duration ( OR=0.850, P<0.05), operation time ( OR=1.135, P<0.05) was an independent risk factor for poor vision prognosis. Diabetes duration ( OR=1.158, P<0.05), renal failure duration ( OR=1.172, P<0.05) and alternative therapy were independent factors affecting the occurrence of PVH. Diabetes duration ( OR=1.138, P<0.05) and renal failure duration ( OR=1.157, P<0.05) were independent risk factors for postoperative NVG. Spearman correlation analysis showed that PVH was strongly correlated with post-operative NVG ( r=0.469, P<0.01). There was no significant correlation between blood glucose, hemoglobin, creatinine and blood urea nitrogen and prognosis of postoperative vision, PVH and NVG occurrence ( P>0.05). Conclusions:In PDR patients with CRF, DR Stage, age, renal failure course and operation duration are correlated with vision prognosis. Compared with those who do not receive alternative therapy, hemodialysis treatment can reduce the occurrence of PVH and NVG after surgery.

11.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 7-11, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994538

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological features, differential diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver (UESL).Methods:Five UESL cases operated on at Hunan Provincial People's Hospital from 2014 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. H&E and immunohistochemical staining were done for pathological observation.Results:The 5 UESL patients(two boys,three girls) were 0.5 to 15 years old, all underwent radical surgical resection. In 3 cases tumors located in right liver, 1 in left liver, 1 in both lobes. Radiographically and visually, the tumor is a large cystic solid mass, microscopically composed of myxoid stroma and undifferentiated stromal cells, with pleomorphic tumor giant cells and characteristic eosinophilic bodies. All 5 patients are now alive after surgical resection: 1 patient achieved disease-free survival of more than 91 months after surgery alone. Two patients had recurrence after surgery and received surgical resection plus chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone. They achieved survival of more than 35 and 16 months, respectively. Two patients were treated with chemotherapy or chemotherapy plus radiotherapy after surgery and survived more than 49 and 31 months without recurrence, respectively.Conclusions:UESL is a rare and highly malignant mesenchymal tumor with characteristic pathologic morphology. Radical resection is the key to the treatment for UESL, and chemotherapy and radiotherapy should be carried out after surgery.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1812-1821, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978654

ABSTRACT

Based on the UHPLC-Q-Exactive-MS metabonomics technology, the effect of Hippocampus kuda Bleeker on the life span of Drosophila melanogaster was studied, and the change rule of endogenous metabolites in the aging process of Drosophila melanogaster after the intervention of Hippocampus kuda Bleeker japonicus was explored to clarify the anti-aging mechanism of Hippocampus. The natural aging model of Drosophila melanogaster was used. Different doses of raw Hippocampus and fried Hippocampus were given to observe the effects on the life span, climbing ability, sexual activity, and antioxidant enzyme activity of Drosophila melanogaster. Based on UHPLC-Q-Exactive-MS metabolomics technology, the metabolic profile of the aging Drosophila melanogaster was analyzed using metabonomics technology to explore the mechanism of Hippocampus kuda Bleeker delaying the aging of Drosophila melanogaster. The results showed that raw Hippocampus and crispy Hippocampus (1, 4 mg·mL-1) could significantly prolong the average life span, median life span and maximum life span of male fruit flies, and significantly improve the climbing ability and sexual vitality of fruit flies. Catalase (CAT) and aldehyde content were increased, while malonaldehyde (MDA) content was decreased. Through metabonomics technology, it was identified that the Hippocampus can significantly recall 16 metabolites and participate in the biosynthesis of phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan, starch and sucrose metabolism, tyrosine metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, and histidine metabolism. The anti-aging mechanism is related to amino acid metabolism and sugar metabolism, which provides a substantial scientific basis for the development and utilization of Hippocampus and clarifying its role in senile diseases. The animal experiment of this study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Shanxi University (approval number: SXULL2021028).

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 199-208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973150

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a frequently and commonly occurring disease in clinic. In recent decades, with the development in pathophysiology and drug researches, modern medicine has achieved remarkable progress and results in diagnosis and treatment. However, the treatments for non-erosive reflux disease, refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease, proton pump inhibitor resistance, overlap of disease symptoms, and extraesophageal symptoms are limited and ineffective. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was widely used in clinical practice, which has been proved effective in relieving symptoms and improving the quality of life. Sponsored by China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) and undertaken by the Spleen and Stomach Disease Branch of CACM, "the 12th Youth Salon of Clinical Predominance Disease Series (GERD)" invited 18 authoritative digestive experts of TCM and western medicine to discuss "the difficulties of clinical diagnosis and treatment of GERD and TCM advantages". The focus issues such as modern medical diagnosis and treatment achievements and contributions, improvement and maintenance of symptoms, response to overlapping disease symptoms, reduction and withdrawal of acid suppressors, and treatment of extra-esophageal symptoms were discussed in depth. TCM and western medicine exchanged and complemented each other's strengths, combing the difficulties of modern medical diagnosis and treatment, which clarified the positioning and advantages of TCM and provided guidance for clinical and scientific research.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 438-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation of spiritual nursing needs in elderly patients with primary glaucoma and its influencing factors, and to analyze its relationship with self-perceived burden and perceived social support, so as to provide a theoretical basis for reducing their spiritual distress and pain and meeting their spiritual nursing needs.Methods:A total of 218 elderly patients with primary glaucoma who were hospitalized in the department of ophthalmology of the First Hospital of Jilin University from March to September, 2022 were selected by convenience sampling. They were investigated by using general information questionnaire, the Nurse Spiritual Therapeutics Scale, the Self-Perceived Burden Scale, and the Perceived Social Support Scale. And multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of spiritual nursing needs among elderly patients with primary glaucoma.Results:The total score of spiritual nursing needs of elderly patients with primary glaucoma was (30.73 ± 4.85). The highest dimension of item average score was "building a good atmosphere" (3.02 ± 0.59), and the lowest dimension was "helping religious practice" (1.95 ± 0.63). The total scores of spiritual nursing needs and self-perceived burden were negatively correlated ( r=-0.423, P<0.01), and positively correlated with the total scores of perceived social support ( r=0.515, P<0.01). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that age, religious belief, educational level, treatment duration, residence, self-perceived burden, and perceived social support were the main influencing factors of spiritual care needs of elderly patients with primary glaucoma, ( t values were -5.23-7.04, all P<0.01), which could explain 44.5% of the total variation. Conclusions:The spiritual nursing needs of elderly patients with primary glaucoma were at a medium level. Therefore, it is recommended that nurses should carry out targeted spiritual nursing for them according to the differences and characteristics of different patients, to reduce their self-perceived burden, and to improve perceived social support level, in order to meet their spiritual nursing needs.

15.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 709-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Qingfei Shenshi Decoction on the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase timps-1 (TIMP-1) in lung tissue of asthma mice.Methods:Totally 50 male BALB/C mice were divided into 5 groups: normal group, model group, dexamethasone group, Qingfei Shenshi Decoction low- and high-dosage groups (10 mice /group) according to random number table method. Asthma model mice were prepared by ovalbumin (OVA) challenge method. After successful modeling, the dexamethasone group was given dexamethasone for gavage at the rate of 1.56 mg/kg, while Qingfei Shenshi Decoction groups were given high and low doses of Qingfei Shenshi Decoction for gavage at the rate of 14.235 g/kg and 28.470 g/kg, respectively. Normal group and model group were given 0.9% sodium chloride solution by gavage. At the end of gavage administration for 4 weeks, the airway reactivity (Penh value) in each group was detected; HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of lung tissue; the contents of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor -α (TNF-α) in alveolar lavage fluid were determined by enzyme Linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); the expressions of MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 in lung tissue were detected by Western-blot.Results:Compared with model group, the damage of airway wall and alveolar wall of lung tissue in Qingfei Shenshi Decoction groups was significantly reduced. Compared with model group, the Penh value, IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α levels in Qingfei Shenshi Decoction low- and high-dosage groups decreased ( P<0.05), and the expressions of MMP-9, MMP-2 and TIMP-1 in lung tissue decreased ( P<0.05), with a certain dose dependence. Conclusion:Qingfei Shenshi Decoction can effectively alleviate airway inflammation, reduce airway hyperresponsiveness, improve lung function and inhibit airway remodeling in asthmatic mice. Its mechanism may be related to down-regulating the expressions of MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP-1.

16.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 53-56, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988919

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the occurrence and risk factors of various occupational hazard incidents in China's power grid enterprises. Methods: A total of 4 191 workers from eight power grid enterprises in Jilin Province, Shandong Province, and Chongqing City were selected using a convenience sampling method. Their exposure in workplace and the occurrence of various occupational hazard incidents from 2018 to 2020 were investigated. Results: Among the participants, 71.7% were engaged in outdoor operations. The incidence rates of occupational hazard emergency, ranking from high to low, were electric ophthalmia, acute mountain sickness, heatstroke, electro-flash dermatitis, sunburn, cold injury, solar ophthalmia, and gas poisoning in confined space, with the rate of 42.3%, 42.3%, 38.1%, 24.3%, 17.4%, 16.5%, 10.0%, and 1.3%, respectively (P<0.01). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that workers in Jilin Province had a higher risk of cold injury compared to those in Shandong Province and Chongqing City (all P<0.01). Workers in Chongqing City had a higher risk of solar ophthalmia than those in Jilin Province (P<0.01). Workers in inspection and maintenance positions had a higher risk of heatstroke and sunburn compared to those in substation positions (all P<0.05). Power grid workers with protective systems in enterprises had a lower risk of sunburn and solar ophthalmia compared to those without protective systems (all P<0.01). The risks of sunburn and solar ophthalmia among power grid workers increased with age and daily outdoor working time (all P<0.05). Taking protective measures was a protective factor against heatstroke and cold injury (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Power grid workers face the risk of various occupational hazard incidents. Relevant organizations should conduct targeted preventive measures based on regional and worker characteristics, and ensure the implementation of protective systems in different work environments.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2079-2084, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the intervention effect of Hippophae rhamnoides oil on glucocorticoid resistance in superantigen-induced atopic dermatitis (AD) mice,and to explore the mechanism of action. METHODS Fifty mice were randomly divided into 5 groups,i.e. normal control group (group A),model group (group B),dexamethasone intervention group (positive control,group C),H. rhamnoides oil intervention group (group D),dexamethasone+H. rhamnoides oil intervention group (group E),with 10 mice in each group. Except for group A,other groups were given 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene+staphylococcal enterotoxin B to induce the AD mice model. Starting from the 7th day of the experiment,groups C,D and E were given dexamethasone (1.5 mg/kg) and/or H. rhamnoides oil (10 mL/kg) intragastrically,once a day,for 28 consecutive days. After the last medication,the pathomorphological changes of ear tissue were observed by 节作用。E-mail:57667478@qq.com HE staining; the serum levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE) and interleukin 4 (IL-4) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Positive cell count of glucocorticoid receptor α (GRα) and GRβ in the ear tissue of mice was detected by tyramide signal amplification. The expressions of GRα protein,GRβ protein,and protein kinase B (AKT)/ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1,S6K1 (S6K1) signaling pathway-related proteins were determined by Western blot assay. RESULTS Compared with group B,the skin inflammation in the left ear of the mice was significantly reduced in groups C,D and E,the serum levels of IgE and IL-4 were decreased significantly in groups D and E (P< 0.05),while the number of GRα positive cells and GRα protein expression were increased significantly (P<0.05); the protein levels of G protein inhibitory subunit 1 (Gαi1),Gαi3,phosphorylated S6K1 (p-S6K1) and phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT) were decreased significantly (P<0.05); the number of GRβ positive cells and protein expression of GRβ was decreased significantly in group E(P<0.05). Compared with group C,the skin inflammation in the left ear of the mice was almost clear away in group E,the serum levels of IgE and IL-4 were decreased significantly (P<0.05); the number of GRα positive cells and GRα protein expression were increased significantly in groups D and E (P<0.05); the protein levels of GRβ,Gαi1,p-S6K1 and p-AKT were all decreased significantly in groups D and E(P<0.05); and protein level of Gαi3 was decreased significantly in group E (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS H. rhamnoides oil has an intervention effect on superantigen-induced glucocorticoid resistance of AD mice,which may be exerted by inhibition of the Gαi1/3-induced AKT/S6K1 signaling pathway.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 811-822, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970551

ABSTRACT

Children's fever is often accompanied by food accumulation. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that removing food stagnation while clearing heat of children can effectively avoid heat damage. To systematically evaluate the efficacy of Xiaoer Chiqiao Qingre Granules(XRCQ) in clearing heat and removing food accumulation and explore its potential mechanism, this study combined suckling SD rats fed with high-sugar and high-fat diet with injection of carrageenan to induce rat model of fever and food accumulation. This study provided references for the study on the pharmacodynamics and mechanism of XRCQ. The results showed that XRCQ effectively reduced the rectal temperature of suckling rats, improved the inflammatory environment such as the content of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-2(IL-2), interferon-γ(IFN-γ), white blood cells, and monocytes. XRCQ also effectively repaired intestinal injury and enhanced intestinal propulsion function. According to the confirmation of its efficacy of clearing heat, the thermolytic mechanism of XRCQ was further explored by non-targeted and targeted metabolomics methods based on LTQ-Orbitrap MS/MS and UPLC-QQQ-MS/MS. Non-target metabolomics analysis of brain tissue samples was performed by QI software combined with SIMCA-P software, and 22 endogenous metabolites that could be significantly regulated were screened out. MetaboAnalyst pathway enrichment results showed that the intervention mechanism was mainly focused on tyrosine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle, inositol phosphate metabolism, and other pathways. At the same time, the results of targeted metabolomics of brain tissue samples showed that XRCQ changed the vitality of digestive system, and inhibited abnormal energy metabolism and inflammatory response, playing a role in clearing heat and removing food stagnation from multiple levels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Hot Temperature , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics , Food , Fever , Interferon-gamma
19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 690-695, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982656

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of Xuebijing injection on inflammation in sepsis by regulating intestinal microbiota and its metabolites.@*METHODS@#A total of 45 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into Sham operation group (Sham group), cecal ligation and perforation (CLP) induced sepsis group (CLP group), and Xuebijing intervention group (XBJ group, 4 mL/kg Xuebijing injection was injected intraperitoneally at 1 hour after CLP), with 15 rats in each group. The survival of rats was observed at 24 hours after operation and sacrificed. Feces were collected for 16S rRNA gene sequencing and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis.@*RESULTS@#At 24 hours after operation, all rats in the Sham group survived, the mortality of rats in the XBJ group was lower than that in the CLP group [47% (7/15) vs. 60% (9/15), P > 0.05]. Compared with the Sham group, the diversity of gut microbiota in the CLP group decreased, the dominant flora changed, and the abundance of inflammation-related flora increased. Xuebijing improved the changes in gut microbiota caused by sepsis, and α diversity showed an increasing trend (Ace index: 406.0±22.5 vs. 363.2±38.2, Chao1 index: 409.7±21.8 vs. 362.4±42.5, both P > 0.05). Restrictive constrained principal coordinate analysis (cPCoA) showed a high similarity in gut microbiota among the same group of rats. The CLP group was dominated by Bacteroidetes, while the Sham and XBJ groups were dominated by Firmicutes. In addition, compared with the CLP group, Xuebijing treatment increased the abundance of beneficial bacteria in septic rats, such as Verrucomicrobia, Akkermansia and Lactobacillus. LC-MS and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) showed that there were 12 main differential metabolites among the three groups, and there were certain correlations between these metabolites, which were related to amino acid and lipid metabolism. Correlation analysis showed a significant correlation between changes in metabolites and microbial communities.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Xuebijing can improve the survival rate of septic rats, regulate the composition of intestinal flora and related metabolites, which provides a new pathophysiological mechanism for Xuebijing in the treatment of sepsis.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Sepsis/metabolism , Inflammation
20.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 495-501, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the evaluation methods of return to sports (RTS) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in recent years, in order to provide reference for clinical practice.@*METHODS@#The literature related to the RTS after ACLR was searched from CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed, and Foreign Medical Information Resources Retrieval Platform (FMRS) databases. The retrieval range was from 2010 to 2023, and 66 papers were finally included for review. The relevant literature was summarized and analyzed from the aspects of RTS time, objective evaluation indicators, and psychological evaluation.@*RESULTS@#RTS is the common desire of patients with ACL injury and doctors, as well as the initial intention of selecting surgery. A reasonable and perfect evaluation method of RTS can not only help patients recover to preoperative exercise level, but also protect patients from re-injury. At present, the main criterion for clinical judgement of RTS is time. It is basically agreed that RTS after 9 months can reduce the re-injury. In addition to time, it is also necessary to test the lower limb muscle strength, jumping, balance, and other aspects of the patient, comprehensively assess the degree of functional recovery and determine the different time of RTS according to the type of exercise. Psychological assessment plays an important role in RTS and has a good clinical predictive effect.@*CONCLUSION@#RTS is one of the research hotspots after ACLR. At present, there are many related evaluation methods, which need to be further optimized by more research to build a comprehensive and standardized evaluation system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Return to Sport/psychology , Reinjuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Lower Extremity/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods
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