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1.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 209-213, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746270

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of Salmonella and the characteristics of drug resistance genes in General Hospital of People's Liberation Army, and to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of Salmonella infection. Methods A retrospective study was conducted to collect 78 clinical isolates of Salmonella from 2015 to 2017. The age of the patients was 49 ± 21 years old. The infected patients were mainly young and middle-aged. The clinical samples mainly came from feces and venous blood, accounting for 44.87%(35/78) and 33.33%(26/78), respectively. After serotype identification, drug sensitivity test and whole genome sequencing, multilocus sequence typing and drug resistance genotyping were performed. Cluster of Cefotaxime or Ciprofloxacin resistant Salmonella was analyzed. Results Salmonella group D (53.85%) and Salmonella group C (21.79%) were dominant Salmonella serotype. ST11 was mainly ST type. Drug sensitivity test showed that the multidrug resistance rate of Salmonella was 64.11% (50/78). The sensitivity to all antimicrobial agents' rate was 25.64 (20/78). The resistance rate of Salmonella to nalidixic acid was 65.38%(51/78). The most common drug resistance gene of Salmonella was extended-spectrum β-lactam drug resistance gene, accounting for 78.21% (61/78). Conclusions The ST-type and carrying resistance genes of Salmonella in this hospital were diverse. Most pathogens were multi-drug resistant to antimicrobial agents. Molecular typing and drug resistance gene analysis of Salmonella and construction of resistant strains to determine the inheritance of Salmonella relationships have a certain clinical significance.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 9-17, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734919

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive factors affecting the efficacy of cyclophosphamide (CTX) combined with glucocorticoids in the treatment of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN),and to evaluate the efficacy of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) adjustment due to poor treatment.Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted.Two hundreds and twenty-eight patients with IMN diagnosed by renal biopsy in the People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from January 1,2007 to December 1,2016 were enrolled.All subjects were treated with CTX in combination with glucocorticoids.The patients were divided into two groups:remission group and no remission group.Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine the baseline clinical-pathological influencing factors for the remission of IMN in the enrolled patients.Results The number of total remission (including complete and partial remission) of the first CTX combined with glucocorticoid treatment in 228 patients with IMN was 188(82.5%).Among them,141 patients (61.8%) had complete remission (CR),the median time for CR was 8(6,12) months,and the median time for partial remission (PR) was 3(1,4) months.The median follow-up time for this study was 25(13,43) months.Compared with the remission group,the serum albumin level was lower in the non-remission group,the 24-hour urine protein content,the blood complement C3 and C4 levels were higher,and the pathological stage was milder (all P < 0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that the levels of baseline serum albumin,complement C4,and pathological stage were independent predictors of clinical remission in IMN patients.Twenty-four non-remission patients were treated with CNI.The overall response rate was 66.7%(16/24) at 6 months and 77.3%(17/22) at 12 months.Conclusions The levels of baseline albumin,blood complement C4,and pathological stage were independent predictors of clinical remission in IMN patients treated with CTX plus glucocorticoids.The non-remission patients with CTX combined with glucocorticoid therapy can still achieve a higher response rate after adjusting for CNI.

3.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 577-582, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807182

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To discuss the application of matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) in the identification of Aspergillus and evaluate its performance.@*Methods@#the clinical isolates of Aspergillus collected from May 2017 to March 2018 in PLA General Hospital were identified by VITEK MS V3.0 and the results were analyzed. The ITS sequencing resultswere used as the gold standard.@*Results@#It identified 9 Aspergillus species (including 12 Aspergillus species in total) through the V3.0 database, accounting for 86.24% of the total clinical isolates. The identification rate by VITEK MS was 91.49% with 16.51% was not identified. The coincidence rate of genus was 93.62%, of which only two Aspergillus versicolor were identified to the level of the genus. According to the confidence level analysis, 88.30% of the strains obtained more than 99% of the identification rate. 13.83% of the strains did not have the identification results for the first time, with the error rate of 3.19%. After secondary extractions, the percentage of unidentified strain was reduced to 6.38%, and the identification error rate was reduced to 2.13%. Combined with traditional identification and VITEK MS identification, the correct rate of strains identification was 98.94% on genus level, and was 93.62% on species level. The influence of other fungi on Aspergillus identification was 0%.@*Conclusion@#As a powerful supplement to the traditional identification method, MALDI-TOF MS showed a lot of convenience when applied in the identification of Aspergillus, which improves the identification accuracy and the identification ability for fungi in laboratory.(Chin J Lab Med, 2018, 41: 577-582)

4.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): 487-493, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701042

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the biomechanical properties of 3 D printed individualized titanium alloy pelvicprosthesis in static and gait states by the method of finite element analysis.Methods Three patients with different types of pelvic tumors were treated by hemi-pelvic arthroplasty with resection of hemi-pelvis.CT and MRI were performed before the surgery,and the corresponding individualized titanium alloy pelvic prostheses were designed.The pelvic models were reconstructed with 3D reconstruction technique,and then assembled with the individualized pelvic prostheses.The human skeletal muscle model was established by AnyBody software to perform gait dynamics analysis.The stress distribution and stress concentration areas of 3 reconstructed pelvic models in static and gait states were obtained by ABAQUS.Results Under both static and gait conditions,the maximum stress of the 3 pelvic prostheses was smaller than the yield strength of the titanium alloy.The pelvic ring of the reconstructed pelvis could meet the rule of stress conduction.The patients' daily life returned to normal condition after the surgery.Conclusions The effect of 3D prosthetic titanium prosthesis on recovery of pelvic ring is satisfactory,and its effectiveness and stability can meet the requirement of human biomechanics.The analytic results can provide references for clinicians and prosthesis designers.

5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): 161-166, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609593

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a three-dimensional(3D) finite element model of cervical vertebrae (C1-7),and study its biomechanical properties under muscle force by cervical traction,so as to provide references for clinical treatment.Methods On the basis of nonlinear finite element model of normal cervical vertebrae and combined with clinical traction methods,cervical traction at the extension angle of 0°,10°,20°,30°,40° under the same traction weight,was simulated by finite element analysis (FEA) software to obtain and select the joint force and muscle force that were appropriate for FEA on the model.Results In the process of cervical extension by traction,under the muscle force,the average maximum equivalent stress of cervical vertebrae,intervertebral disc and uncovertebral joints increased by 4.86,1.79,0.69 MPa,respectively,and the average maximum relative displacement of cervical vertebrae in sagittal and vertical axis direction increased by 1 1.1,1.26 mm,respectively.The biomechanical properties of cervical traction were similar to the FEA results reported in the literature.Conclusions Neck muscles play an active role in promoting the stress and displacement of cervical vertebrae,intervertebral discs and uncovertebral joints and it should be taken into consideration when performing cervical traction in clinic.In addition,the traction angle should not be too large:0.-20. is generally recommended as a relatively safe angle range at the initial stage.

6.
Acta Universitatis Medicinalis Anhui ; (6): 651-655, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615873

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of the association of low molecular heparin and Galectin-3 on the cell migration and cell proliferation of vascular endothelial cell from mesenchymal stem cells.Methods Depending on the administration, this study was divided into four groups: low molecular weight heparin group, adding 20 mg/L low molecular weight heparin into the cells;Galectin-3 group, adding 5 mg/L Galectin-3 into the cells;combination group, adding 20 mg/L low molecular weight heparin and 5 μg/ml of Galectin-3 into the cells;control group, equal volume of PBS buffer into the cells.The proliferation of vascular endothelial cell was to be detected by EdU incorporation,the cell growth cycle of vascular endothelial cell was to be detected by flow cytometry,and the cell migration of vascular endothelial cell was to be detected by scrath test.Then to investigate the effect of different conditions on the migration and proliferation of vascular endothelial cell.Results The OD490 of MWH group, Galectin-3 group, combined group and control group were (0.285±0.018), (0.297±0.041), (0.351±0.016), and (0.233±0.005) respectively, which indicates that the combined group could increase the cell proliferation significantly(P<0.05).Cultured for 24 hours, the cell migration rate was(42.02±7.62), (45.82±3.96), (68.53±11.22),and (34.21±3.99), suggesting that combined group have the largest cell migration(P<0.05).Conclusion The association of low molecular heparin and Galectin-3 could improve the cell migration and cell proliferation of vascular endothelial cell from esenchymal stemcells significantly.

7.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E161-E166, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803857

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a three-dimensional(3D) finite element model of cervical vertebrae (C1-7), and study its biomechanical properties under muscle force by cervical traction, so as to provide references for clinical treatment. Methods On the basis of nonlinear finite element model of normal cervical vertebrae and combined with clinical traction methods, cervical traction at the extension angle of 0°, 10°, 20°, 30°, 40° under the same traction weight, was simulated by finite element analysis (FEA) software to obtain and select the joint force and muscle force that were appropriate for FEA on the model. Results In the process of cervical extension by traction, under the muscle force, the average maximum equivalent stress of cervical vertebrae, intervertebral disc and uncovertebral joints increased by 4.86, 1.79, 0.69 MPa, respectively, and the average maximum relative displacement of cervical vertebrae in sagittal and vertical axis direction increased by 11.1, 1.26 mm, respectively. The biomechanical properties of cervical traction were similar to the FEA results reported in the literature. Conclusions Neck muscles play an active role in promoting the stress and displacement of cervical vertebrae, intervertebral discs and uncovertebral joints and it should be taken into consideration when performing cervical traction in clinic. In addition, the traction angle should not be too large: 0°-20° is generally recommended as a relatively safe angle range at the initial stage.

8.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E487-E493, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803834

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the biomechanical properties of 3D printed individualized titanium alloy pelvic prosthesis in static and gait states by the method of finite element analysis. Methods Three patients with different types of pelvic tumors were treated by hemi-pelvic arthroplasty with resection of hemi-pelvis. CT and MRI were performed before the surgery, and the corresponding individualized titanium alloy pelvic prostheses were designed. The pelvic models were reconstructed with 3D reconstruction technique, and then assembled with the individualized pelvic prostheses. The human skeletal muscle model was established by AnyBody software to perform gait dynamics analysis. The stress distribution and stress concentration areas of 3 reconstructed pelvic models in static and gait states were obtained by ABAQUS. Results Under both static and gait conditions, the maximum stress of the 3 pelvic prostheses was smaller than the yield strength of the titanium alloy. The pelvic ring of the reconstructed pelvis could meet the rule of stress conduction. The patients’ daily life returned to normal condition after the surgery. Conclusions The effect of 3D prosthetic titanium prosthesis on recovery of pelvic ring is satisfactory, and its effectiveness and stability can meet the requirement of human biomechanics. The analytic results can provide references for clinicians and prosthesis designers.

9.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): 161-166, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737319

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a three-dimensional(3D) finite element model of cervical vertebrae (C1-7),and study its biomechanical properties under muscle force by cervical traction,so as to provide references for clinical treatment.Methods On the basis of nonlinear finite element model of normal cervical vertebrae and combined with clinical traction methods,cervical traction at the extension angle of 0°,10°,20°,30°,40° under the same traction weight,was simulated by finite element analysis (FEA) software to obtain and select the joint force and muscle force that were appropriate for FEA on the model.Results In the process of cervical extension by traction,under the muscle force,the average maximum equivalent stress of cervical vertebrae,intervertebral disc and uncovertebral joints increased by 4.86,1.79,0.69 MPa,respectively,and the average maximum relative displacement of cervical vertebrae in sagittal and vertical axis direction increased by 1 1.1,1.26 mm,respectively.The biomechanical properties of cervical traction were similar to the FEA results reported in the literature.Conclusions Neck muscles play an active role in promoting the stress and displacement of cervical vertebrae,intervertebral discs and uncovertebral joints and it should be taken into consideration when performing cervical traction in clinic.In addition,the traction angle should not be too large:0.-20. is generally recommended as a relatively safe angle range at the initial stage.

10.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): 161-166, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735851

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a three-dimensional(3D) finite element model of cervical vertebrae (C1-7),and study its biomechanical properties under muscle force by cervical traction,so as to provide references for clinical treatment.Methods On the basis of nonlinear finite element model of normal cervical vertebrae and combined with clinical traction methods,cervical traction at the extension angle of 0°,10°,20°,30°,40° under the same traction weight,was simulated by finite element analysis (FEA) software to obtain and select the joint force and muscle force that were appropriate for FEA on the model.Results In the process of cervical extension by traction,under the muscle force,the average maximum equivalent stress of cervical vertebrae,intervertebral disc and uncovertebral joints increased by 4.86,1.79,0.69 MPa,respectively,and the average maximum relative displacement of cervical vertebrae in sagittal and vertical axis direction increased by 1 1.1,1.26 mm,respectively.The biomechanical properties of cervical traction were similar to the FEA results reported in the literature.Conclusions Neck muscles play an active role in promoting the stress and displacement of cervical vertebrae,intervertebral discs and uncovertebral joints and it should be taken into consideration when performing cervical traction in clinic.In addition,the traction angle should not be too large:0.-20. is generally recommended as a relatively safe angle range at the initial stage.

11.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care ; (6): 84-87, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446092

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the short-term therapeutic effects of DNA immunoadsorbent (IA) combined with glucocorticoid and immune depressant on patients with severe systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE). Methods 32 patients with severe SLE were selected to undergo DNA IA treatment combined with glucocorticoid plus cyclophosphamide therapy, and each patient received IA therapy 3 times, once 2.5 hours, with an interval of 24-48 hours to take another two times of IA. The changes in SLE disease activity index(SLEDAI)score, health status evaluation indexes〔 physiologic functional( PF) and emotional health( MH) scores〕,renal function indexes〔 blood urea nitrogen(BUN)and serum creatinine(SCr)〕 were observed; and anti-double stranded DNA antibody( ds-DNA), immunoglobulin (IgA, IgG, IgM), complements(C3 and C4)and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were examined before and after IA treatment for 2 weeks. Results Two weeks after the combination therapy, the SLEDAI score, BUN, SCr, dsDNA, IgA, IgG, IgM, hs-CRP were significantly lower than those before treatment 〔SLEDAI score : 14.38±3.85 vs. 15.69±1.40, BUN (mmol/L): 11.22±4.78 vs. 16.31±7.90, SCr (μmol/L): 127.02±38.17 vs. 167.25±45.63, dsDNA( U/L): 1.36±0.12 vs. 1.43±0.18, IgA( g/L): 2.41±0.73 vs. 2.59±0.86, IgG( g/L): 16.82±4.83 vs. 21.01±4.84, IgM( g/L): 1.64±0.45 vs. 1.75±0.58, hs-CRP( mg/L): 14.41±2.20 vs. 14.94±2.60, P<0.05 or P<0.01〕; PF score, MH score, complement C3 were increased〔 PF score : 71.19±17.53 vs. 56.66±22.41, MH score : 74.01±15.72 vs. 61.50±17.98, C3( g/L): 0.56±0.09 vs. 0.52±0.10, all P<0.05〕; clinical symptoms were improved significantly, and no significant adverse reactions were found. Conclusion IA combined with medical treatment has shown that it has significant therapeutic effect for treatment of patients with severe SLE, and it may decrease the levels of dsDNA, IgA, IgG, IgM,hs-CRP, and increase the level of complement C3.

12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 413-418, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-983938

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and its receptor CC chemokine receptor-2 (CCR-2) in coronary atherosclerosis plaques between sidden coronary death (SCD) and non-SCD. Methods The expression levels of MCP-1 and CCR-2 in SCD group, coronary atherosclerosis group (non-SCD), control group (normal coronary artery) were detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Positive rates of MCP-1 among the three groups were 78%, 47%, and 0%, respectively, with significant expressing differences between each two groups (P<0.05). Positive rates of CCR-2 among three groups were 72%, 47%, and 0%, respectively, with significant expressing differences between the SCD group and coronary atherosclerosis group as well as between the SCD group and control group (P<0.05), but with no significant expressing difference between coronary atherosclerosis group and control group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Overexpression of MCP-1 and CCR-2 in coronary atherosclerotic plaques is closely correlated with SCD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemokine CCL2/metabolism , Coronary Artery Disease/pathology , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Receptors, CCR2/metabolism
13.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 413-415,418, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605043

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of m onocyte chem otactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and its receptor CCchem okine receptor-2 (CCR-2) in coronary atherosclerosis plaques betw een sudden coro-nary death (SCD ) and non-SCD. Methods The expression levels of MCP-1 and CCR-2 in SCD group, coronary atherosclerosis group (non-SCD), control group (norm al coronary artery) w ere detected by im-m unohistochem istry. Results Positive rates of MCP-1 am ong the three groups w ere 78%, 47%, and 0%, respectively, w ith significant expressing differences betw een each tw o groups (P0.05). Conclusion O verexpression of MCP-1 and CCR-2 in coronary atherosclerotic plaques is closely correlated w ith SCD .

14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 402-404, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417188

ABSTRACT

Varicose veins is the main clinical manifestations of the chronic venous insufficiency.TIPP transilluminated powered phlebectomy,a new minimally invasive surgery,received much attention while surgical techniques aimed at treating varicose vein were constantly updated.In this article,TIPP in the varicose vein surgery is reviewed from its history,operating techniques and advantages,and TIPP's future is being prospected.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 498-503, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381962

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of infiltration of mast cells in kidney with renal interstitial fibrosis, expression of TGF-β1 and stem eel] factor (SCF) in rat models withprotein-overload nephropathy. Methods Sixty uninephrectomized SD rats were randomly divided into model group [intraperitoneal injections of bovine serum albumin (BSA)] and control group (intraperitoneal injections of equal volume of saline). Ten rats from both groups were sacrificed respectively at week 3, 7 and 11 after injection. 24 h urinary protein and serum biochemistry of these SD rats at the time of sacrifice were measured. The intensity of mast cell infiltration was examined by toluidine blue (TB) staining and immunohistochemistry using a monoclonal anti-MC chymase antibody. The expression of TGF-β1 and SCF was detected byimmunohistochemistry, using a monoclonal mouse anti-rat TGF-β1 antibody and a polyclonal rabbstanti-rat SCF antibody. Results Severe proteinuria was induced in the rats by BSA injectionpeaked at week 7 [(199.1±98.4) mg/d] after the BSA injection and gradually decreased until week11 [(133.7±67.8) mg/d]. Renal injury was accompanied with chymase-postitive and TB-postitive mast cell infiltration, in close proximity to areas of interstitial fibrosis. With aggravation oflesions degree, the number of mast cells increased,the difference between the modal rats and control rats was significant (P<0.05). Immunostainahle expression of SCIF and TGF-β1 was detected in tubular as well as interstitial cells, and increased with the BSA injection. The difference between the model rats and control rats was significant (P<0.05). Mast cells were positively correlated with interstitial fibrosis (r=0.772, P<0.01), expression of TGF-β1 (r=0.521, P<0.01) and SCF(r=0.916,P<0.01). Conclusions Increased infiltration of mast cells is involved in interstitial fibrosis of rats with protein-overload nephropathy. Proteinuria may attract mast cells to kidney by chemot actions of SCF,and mast cells may contribute to the development of renal fibrosis by secreting chymase and increasing expression of TGF-β1.

16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1417-1419, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338143

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy of the digital cytopathological lung cancer diagnosing system (DCLCDS) utilizing the latest computer technologies (including reinforcement learning, image segmentation and classifier) and the cytopathological knowledge on lung cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Separate the overlapped lung cancer cells in a slice image applying the improved deBoor-Cox B-Spline algorithm; Segment cell regions in a slice image using an image segmentation algorithm based on reinforcement learning; Ensemble different classifiers, including Decision Tree classifier, Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier and Bayesian classifier, to achieve an accurate result of cytopathological lung cancer diagnosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The accurate diagnosis rate for lung cancer identification of 224 images of small lung lesions aspiration biopsy from 120 cases randomly selected was 92.3%. The accurate diagnosis rate for type classification of lung cancer was 82.5%. The identification rate for abnormal nuclear cells was 71.6%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The DCLCDS achieves a high accuracy on cytopathological lung cancer diagnosis by solving some major problems on the cytology smears, including cell overlapping, uneven coloration and impurity. It provides a relatively objective, standard tool on cytopathological lung cancer diagnosis. It has good efficacy on early diagnosis of lung cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Artificial Intelligence , Cytodiagnosis , Methods , Decision Trees , Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted , Methods , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Software Design
17.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6)1995.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674106

ABSTRACT

Humanism care meets the need of the development of the whole society, the need of transformation of modern medicine pattern it is also the great need for uremia patients who thirst for health.Uremia patients with psychological distress will be greatly improved through following aspects: enhancing quality of medical staff,making more communications with patients and providing health education to them.In a word,humanism care for uremia patients will make them feel more love and improve their living states.

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