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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1012-1016, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973796

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the difference, correlation, and consistency of corneal thickness and the thinnest point position detected by Pentacam HR corneal topography map and RTVue optical coherence tomography(OCT)in patients with keratoconus.METHODS: Cross-sectional comparative study. The corneal curvature map, corneal thickness map, thinnest point position, and thinnest point thickness were detected by Pentacam HR and RTVue OCT. Paired sample t-test was used for data consistent with normal distribution, and paired sample rank sum test was used for data inconsistent with normal distribution. Spearman correlation analysis and Bland-Altman analysis were used for the correlation and consistency of the two measurement methods.RESULTS: A total of 63 patients(105 eyes)with keratoconus were included in this study, including 49 males(77.8%)and 14 females(22.2%), aged 22.24±6.19 years; among them, relevant data of Pentacam HR topographic map: Km was 47.85±4.73D and Kmax was 55.43±8.72D. In measuring central corneal thickness and the thinnest point thickness of keratoconus, the Pentacam HR was 4.70μm and 19.46μm thicker than the mean value measured by RTVue OCT(P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the horizontal and vertical coordinates of the thinnest points measured by the two devices(P>0.05). The central corneal thickness and the thinnest point thickness measured by the two devices were highly correlated, the horizontal coordinate of the thinnest point was moderately correlated, and the vertical coordinate of the thinnest point was weakly correlated. Bland-Altman analysis showed that the central corneal thickness, the thinnest point thickness, the horizontal coordinate of the thinnest point, and the vertical coordinate of the thinnest point were 95.2%(100/105)and 93.3%(98/105), 95.2%(100/105), 95.2%(100/105)respectively, which were within the 95% consistency limit, while the consistency ranges were -36.00~+26.62μm, -42.27~+3.36μm, -0.80~+0.84mm, and -1.95~+1.06mm, respectively.CONCLUSION: In keratoconus, the central corneal thickness and the thinnest point thickness measured by Pentacam HR were higher than those measured by RTVue OCT. It is not recommended that the central corneal thickness and the thinnest point thickness measured by the two instruments be interchangeable in clinical use because of the wide range of consistency between the two instruments' results. The position of the thinnest corneal point measured by the two instruments is similar and consistent, so it could be considered to replace the measured values of the two instruments in clinical use.

2.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 411-415, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969903

ABSTRACT

From 2015 to 2019, the annual average incidence rate of scarlet fever was 7.80/100 000 in Yantai City, which showed an increasing trend since 2017 (χ2trend=233.59, P<0.001). The peak period of this disease was from April to July and November to January of the next year. The ratio of male to female was 1.49∶1, with a higher prevalence among cases aged 3 to 9 years (2 357/2 552, 92.36%). Children in kindergartens, primary and middle school students, and scattered children were the high risk population, with the incidence rate of 159.86/100 000, 25.57/100 000 and 26.77/100 000, respectively. The global spatial auto-correlation analysis showed that the global Moran's I index of the reported incidence rate of scarlet fever in Yantai from 2015 to 2019 was 0.28, 0.29, 0.44, 0.48, and 0.22, respectively (all P values<0.05), suggesting that the incidence rate of scarlet fever in Yantai from 2015 to 2019 was spatial clustering. The local spatial auto-correlation analysis showed that the "high-high" clustering areas were mainly located in Laizhou City, Zhifu District, Haiyang City, Fushan District and Kaifa District, while the "low-high" clustering areas were mainly located in Haiyang City and Fushan District.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Female , Scarlet Fever/epidemiology , Spatial Analysis , Cities/epidemiology , Seasons , Risk Factors , Incidence , Cluster Analysis , China/epidemiology
3.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 122-127, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989326

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of insulin intraperitoneal administration combined with dietary intervention on glycemic regulation in in KKAy mice with spontaneous type 2 diabetes.Methods:An animal model of type 2 diabetes was established, and healthy C57BL/6J mice were selected as the normal control group and healthy KKAy mice as the non-disease group. The successfully modeled KKAy mice were randomly divided into the subcutaneous group, the intraperitoneal group, and the untreated group. The non-disease group was given a maintenance diet, and all other groups were fed a high-fat, high-sugar diet. The daily feeding time was from 08:00 to 20:00, with one feeding at a 4-hour interval, for a total of four times. The subcutaneous and intraperitoneal groups were given subcutaneous and intraperitoneal insulin injections before feeding, and recombinant glargine insulin injection (subcutaneous group: 0.125 IU/g; intraperitoneal group: 0.250 IU/g) was injected before the first feeding, and biosynthetic human insulin injection (subcutaneous group: 0.075 IU/g; intraperitoneal group: 0.125 IU/g) was injected after a 0.5 h interval; the rest 3 times before feeding, the biosynthetic human insulin injection (subcutaneous group: 0.075 IU/g; intraperitoneal group: 0.125 IU/g) was injected for 4 weeks. The dietary intake, body mass, fasting blood glucose, and 1 and 2 h postprandial blood glucose of mice in each group were tested regularly, and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed.Results:The total dietary intake of mice in the intraperitoneal group was lower than that in the subcutaneous group. Compared with the initial body mass, the body mass of the mice in the subcutaneous and intraperitoneal groups decreased by 5.05 and 3.59 g at week 4, respectively. The changes of fasting blood glucose in the subcutaneous and intraperitoneal groups ranged from 5.4 to 9.4 and 5.4 to 6.4 mmol/L, respectively, and the changes of 1 h postprandial blood glucose ranged from 4.6 to 12.3 and 5.7 to 8.9 mmol/L, respectively, and the changes of 2 h postprandial blood glucose ranged from 2.5 to 9.8 and 3.8 to 7.1 mmol/L, respectively. For the glucose tolerance index, the intraperitoneal group showed improvement at all time points, and the subcutaneous group showed a decrease at all time points except for 0 and 60 min.Conclusions:In combination with dietary intervention, insulin intraperitoneal injection was more effective in controlling blood glucose in KKAy mice with spontaneous type 2 diabetes compared with subcutaneous insulin injection, and had a significant improvement in glucose tolerance.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 221-222, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933198

ABSTRACT

Renal mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is a rare malignant soft tissue tumor. This paper reports a patient who was admitted to hospital because of left renal tumor, and underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. The patient was diagnosed as left renal mesenchymal chondrosarcoma by pathological and genetic examination after operation. There was no local recurrence and metastasis six months after operation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1490-1494, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954778

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effectiveness of one-stage biplanar osteotomy correction of angulation and shortening deformity of the lower extremity after epiphyseal injury of the distal femur with a monorail external fixator.Methods:The data of 5 patients (2 males and 3 females) with angulation and shortening deformity in the lower extremity after epiphyseal injury of the distal femur were retrospectively analyzed.The patients underwent monorail external fixator assisted one-stage osteotomy correction of the distal femur and distraction osteogenesis of the middle and upper femur in Zhengzhou Orthopeadics Hospital from May 2017 to December 2019.The mean age was 13.6 years old (range: 10 to 17 years old). The affected limbs were shortened by 5.1 cm on average (range: 3.9 to 6.5 cm). The average angulation deformity of the distal femur was 24.9° (range: 17.0°to 30.5°). The mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (mLDFA), the mechanical posterior distal femoral angle (mPDFA), the mechanical axis deviation (MAD), the range of motion (ROM) of the knee, and the length of the lower limbs before surgery and at the final follow-up were measured and analyzed.Results:All patients were followed up for 22 months on average (range: 15 to 32 months). For all the 5 patients, the mechanical axis was well realigned, mLDFA, mPDFA, and MAD returned to normal range, and the length of the affected limb achieved the goal as planned before the surgery.Besides, the affected limbs were lengthened by 5.6 cm on average (range: 3.9 to 8.0 cm), and the median healing index was 35.6 d/cm (range: 29.0 to 45.0 d/cm). The bone callus in the distraction area and the osteotomy end were well healed at the final follow-up, as indicated by the X-ray results.At the end of the distraction period, the flexion ROM of the knee in all patients reached basically 90°.By the final follow-up, all patients had a normal knee ROM.No vascular or nerve injury, dislocation of hips or knee joints, re-fracture after disassembly, deep infection and other complications were observed in all patients.Conclusions:One-stage biplanar osteotomy correction of angulation and shortening deformity of the lower extremity after epiphyseal injury of the distal femur with a monorail external fixator is safe and feasible.The method requires no multiple operations and improves the tolerance of patients during the treatment period.

6.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1636-1641, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the changes in profiles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in peripheral blood of neonatal Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats with hypoxia-ischemia(HI) injury with self-resuscitation.Methods:Neonatal rats of 3 pregnant rats were divided into 3 groups according to their nests, in which group A was the blank control group, group B was the HI group, and group C was the alternative group.The expression profiles of miRNAs in periphe-ral blood of neonatal rats in group A and B by high-throughput sequencing was compared.Bioinformatics analysis was applied to investigate these differentially expressed miRNAs.Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses were performed to screen out enriched signaling pathways and functions.Target genes of miRNAs and those correlated with hypoxia-ischemia brain damage were predicted using miRBaseData (miRBD) software.HE staining was performed to observe the pathological changes of rat brain tissues.Results:A total of 1 049 mature reliable miRNAs in peripheral blood of neonatal rats were identified, including 525 miRNAs in group A, and 524 in group B. There were 27 differentially expressed miRNAs between group A and B, and their types were highly correlated.A total of 38 dysregulated miRNAs were screened out in group B, involving 21 upregulated miRNAs and 17 downregulated ones.GO and KEGG analyses showed that the identified differentially expressed miRNAs were mainly enriched in the glutamatergic synapse pathway, myelin lipid metabolism, neural activity ligand-receptor interaction and the vascular epithelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway, all of them were significantly correlated with HIBD and over-activated.Cortex and subcallosal white matter lesions, enlarged ventricles, disordered arrangement of gray matter neurons, and obvious apoptosis in rat brain tissues of group A and B were not observed in HE staining.Conclusions:Differential expression of miRNAs in peripheral blood of HI self-resuscitated rats suggests that miRNAs has a positive response to hypoxia and ischemia.Differentially expressed miRNAs, including miR-200, miR-471, miR-429, miR-216 and miR-871 families, in peripheral blood of neonatal rat with HI showed their active response after HIBD.They are related to the molecular mechanisms of the nervous system damage, and are expected to become novel diagnostic markers for HIBD or HI.Differentially expressed miRNAs are conductive to the development of therapeutic targets of HI.

7.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1023-1029, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988490

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer has become a major public health problem in China because of its high prevalence. CircRNA could stably exist in various human body fluids, providing the innate advantage for the liquid biopsy, which makes it a research hotspot in the field of precision therapy in recent years. Based on the biological characteristics of circRNAs, we summarize the research progress of circRNAs in the early diagnosis, treatment monitoring and prognosis assessment of gastric cancer through literature retrieval in mainstream databases such as PubMed, Web of Science and CNKI. We also discuss the possibility and reliability of circRNA as an emerging liquid biopsy biomarker, to offer a vision for the development and clinical transformation of circRNA as a molecular marker of the diagnosis, treatment, evaluation and prognosis of gastric cancer in the future.

8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 519-525, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888579

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Immune checkpoint inhibitor associated pneumonia (CIP) is a serious side effect of immune checkpoint inhibitors. There is a consensus on the treatment of acute phase of CIP, but the treatment of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis after the acute phase is still a clinical problem to be solved.@*METHODS@#The diagnosis and treatment of a non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient with immune checkpoint inhibitor associated pneumonia in the Stereotactic Radiotherapy Department of Qingdao Central Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and literatures were reviewed.@*RESULTS@#A 70-year-old male patient was diagnosed with Poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of left lung with mediastinal lymph node metastasis T3N3M0 stage IIIc, EGFR/ALK/ROS1/RAF negative, PD-L1 (22c3) immunohistochemistry negative. After the progression of first-line chemotherapy, the patient was diagnosed as immune checkpoint inhibitor associated pneumonia grade 3 during second-line monotherapy with Nivolumab. After initial high-dose glucocorticoid pulse therapy, the lung computed tomography (CT) imaging and clinical symptoms of the patients were partially relieved, and then pirfenidone (300 mg tid) was given orally for more than 11 months. During the treatment of pirfenidone, the CT imaging and clinical symptoms of the patients were significantly improved, and there were no other adverse reactions except grade 1 nausea. During this period, chemotherapy and Anlotinib was given concurrently with pirfenidone and showed good safety profile.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This case report is the first report of pirfenidone in the treatment of CIP, which provides a new idea for the clinical practice and research of CIP treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 832-835, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866355

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect, safety and compliance of micro-implant anchorage in adolescent orthodontic treatment.Methods:A total of 50 adolescent patients who underwent orthodontic treatment from March 2017 to March 2019 in the Department of Stomatology, Li Huili Hospital of Ningbo Medical Center were selected and randomly divided into control group and observation group according to the digital table, with 25 cases in each group.The control group received conventional corrective treatment, and the observation group received micro-implant anchorage therapy.The treatment efficacy, upper incisor dip angle and tooth convexity difference, molar displacement, safety, adverse reactions and compliance were compared between the two groups.Results:There were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, etc.between the two groups(all P>0.05). The improvement of the incisor angle difference, tooth crown distance difference and molar displacement difference in the observation group were significantly better than those in the control group, the differences were statistically significant( t=11.328, 20.011, 17.336, all P<0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions such as soft tissue edema, oral inflammation and discomfort of correction in the observation group (8%) was lower than that in the control group(28%), the difference was statistically significant(χ 2=10.225, P<0.05). The compliance of patients in the observation group (96%) was significantly higher than that in the control group (80%), the difference was statistically significant(χ 2=19.316, P<0.05). Conclusion:The micro-implant anchorage is effective in the clinical treatment of adolescent orthodontics, with high safety and high patients’ compliance.It is worthy of clinical promotion.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 234-242, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873009

ABSTRACT

Piperis Fructus is the dried nearly ripe or ripe fruit of Piperaceae, which is an important spice material and a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), it is widely used in the world. It is recorded to possess the efficacy of warming spleen and stomach for dispelling cold, depressing Qi and dissolving phlegm. Piperis Fructus mainly contains amide alkaloids with piperine as the main ingredient and volatile oil dominated by monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids, which have a wide range of biological activities, such as anti-cancer, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, etc. By referring to relevant papers at home and abroad, the researches on chemical compositions from different parts and pharmacological effects of Piperis Fructus in recent 5 years were summarized and analyzed. It was found that Piperis Fructus has great potential for drug development as a TCM with homology of medicine and food, which can provide a reference for further research and comprehensive utilization of Piperis Fructus.

11.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 6023-6034, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846021

ABSTRACT

Objective: Based on the Chinese herbal property, the pharmacodynamic evaluation and mechanism discussion of active components were carried out through screening the active components of Chinese patent medicine in the clinical medical insurance catalog. Methods: The most frequently used main herbs were screened through the collection of anti-vitiligo Chinese patent medicine prescriptions, drug properties and material basis. The main compound types were acquired through TCMSP and TCMIP databases. The drug properties were analyzed by admetSAR method to obtain key compounds. The pharmacodynamics were observed by measuring the morphology and melanin content of adult zebrafish and larvae. The safety evaluation was indicated by the survival rate of larvae. RT-PCR was used to reveal the mechanism of the compounds at the transcriptional level. The binding ability of compounds to protein crystal structure was predicted by molecular docking. Results: The most frequently used main herbs were Carthamus tinctorius, Lithospermum erythrorhizon, Tribulus terrestris, Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma., Psoraleae Fructus, and Vernonia anthelmintica. The main compound types through TCMSP and TCMIP database were flavonoids with a total of 81. Based on the druggability and stability, the methoxyflavones kaempferide and isorhamnetin were screened out. Kaempferide (32 μmol/L), isorhamnetin (32 μmol/L) and methoxsalen (25 μmol/L) could promote the regeneration of melanin in zebrafish. Based on the zebrafish embryo model, kaempferide, isorhamnetin and methoxsalen all could accelerate melanogenesis in larvas, and the survival rates of larvas were more than 90% under effective concentration. RT-PCR showed that kaempferide and isorhamnetin upregulated the mRNA levels of MC1R and MITF genes related to melanogenesis. The results of molecular docking between the structures of proteins (MITF, TYR, TYRP1) and kaempferide, isorhamnetin, methoxsalen showed that the binding score of kaempferide or isorhamnetin was higher than that of methoxsalen. Conclusion: Kaempferide and isorhamnetin, the active ingredients in the clinical anti-vitiligo traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, can promote the melanogenesis in zebrafish by up-regulating the MC1R/MITF signal pathway.

12.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 298-304, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857775

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a method combining triterpenoids fingerprint with chemometric analysis based on reference drug, and determine 89 batches of samples to evaluate the quality of Ganoderma preparations. METHODS: The samples were extracted by ultrasonic with methanol, chromatography was performed on Agilent TC C18(2) column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with gradient elution with acetonitrile and 0.02% phosphoric acid aqueous solution. The detection wavelength was set at 254 nm. Principal component analysis and HCA heatmap were used for data analysis. RESULTS: The chromatographic fingerprint has 56 characteristic peaks. By comparing the samples with the reference drug, it was found that Ganoderma preparations were produced using Ganoderma lucidum by almost all manufacturers. Principal component analysis, HCA heatmap analysis and similarity analysis divided the samples into three categories. The first type had characteristic peaks and peak areas which were consistent with the reference drug, and the quality was better. The second type had characteristic peaks which consistent with the reference drug, but the peak areas were smaller and the quality was medium. And the third type was different from the reference drug, which was the problem sample. The strong characteristic peaks for classification of different samples were peak 26, peak 31, peak 24, peak 32 and peak 18. CONCLUSION: The method is comprehensive, accurate and specific, and it can be used for comprehensive quality evaluation of triterpenoids in Ganoderma preparations.

13.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 68-73, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824827

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influences of antibiotic-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis on Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) airway infection. Methods C57BL/6J mice were treated with vancomy-cin and gentamicin for 21 d by oral delivery and then intranasally infected with Mp. Quantitative real-time PCR ( qPCR) was performed to detect five major phyla of gut microbiota in mouse fecal specimens before and after antibiotic treatment and the loads of Mp in lung tissues on 3 d and 7 d after infection. Pathological changes in lung tissues were evaluated with HE staining. IFN-γ and IL-4 secreted by spleen CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Mp-specific IgM and IgG in mouse serum samples were measured by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results Vancomycin and gentamicin treatment significantly reduced the number of Bacteroidetes in mouse feces, but increased the amount of Fir-micutes. Meanwhile, the numbers of δ, γ-Proteobacteria, Actinomycetes and Tenericutes also changed. These antibiotic-induced gut microbiota alterations in mice with Mp infection increased the loads of Mp in lung tissues and the pathological scores of lung tissue inflammation on 3 d and 7 d after infection, and re-duced the number of IFN-γ-secreting spleen CD4+T lymphocytes on 7 d. Conclusions Antibiotic-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis aggravated Mp airway infection.

14.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 360-365, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of insulin intraperitoneal injection on abnormal blood lipid intype 2 diabetic KKAy mice.Methods:Type 2 diabetic mice model was established by feeding high fat and high sugar diet. KKAy model mice were randomly divided into intraperitoneal injection group ( n=6), subcutaneous injection group ( n=6) and no-treatment group ( n=3). At the same time, healthy C57BL/6J mice were selected as normal group ( n=6), and healthy KKAy mice as disease-free group ( n=6). The treatment process was divided into two stages. The first stage consists of 6 weeks, in which the mice in the intraperitoneal and subcutaneous groups were treated with insulin intraperitoneally and subcutaneously respectively. The second stage consists of 4 weeks, in which the mice in intraperitoneal and subcutaneous groups were subcutaneously injected with insulin. The mice in the remaining 3 groups were not treated. The changes of related indicators were detected every two weeks, including body weight, fasting blood sugar, 2 hours after meal blood sugar, triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Results:Changing the injection solution in the medium term of the treatment had no effect on the body mass and blood sugar of KKAy mice with type 2 diabetes. Under this condition, the effect of intraperitoneal injection of insulin on HDL-C and LDL-C is significantly better than that of subcutaneous injection. Besides, both injection solutions are effective in regulating TG, but the effect of reducing total cholesterol is not obvious.Conclusions:The intraperitoneal injection of insulin has a certain effect on the blood lipid abnormality of type 2 diabetic KKAy mice. It can promote the increase of HDL-C, the decrease of LDL-C, and the decrease of TG.

15.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 68-73, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798765

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influences of antibiotic-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis on Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) airway infection.@*Methods@#C57BL/6J mice were treated with vancomycin and gentamicin for 21 d by oral delivery and then intranasally infected with Mp. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) was performed to detect five major phyla of gut microbiota in mouse fecal specimens before and after antibiotic treatment and the loads of Mp in lung tissues on 3 d and 7 d after infection. Pathological changes in lung tissues were evaluated with HE staining. IFN-γ and IL-4 secreted by spleen CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Mp-specific IgM and IgG in mouse serum samples were measured by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).@*Results@#Vancomycin and gentamicin treatment significantly reduced the number of Bacteroidetes in mouse feces, but increased the amount of Firmicutes. Meanwhile, the numbers of δ, γ-Proteobacteria, Actinomycetes and Tenericutes also changed. These antibiotic-induced gut microbiota alterations in mice with Mp infection increased the loads of Mp in lung tissues and the pathological scores of lung tissue inflammation on 3 d and 7 d after infection, and reduced the number of IFN-γ-secreting spleen CD4+ T lymphocytes on 7 d.@*Conclusions@#Antibiotic-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis aggravated Mp airway infection.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 34-39, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771521

ABSTRACT

As a large micro-ecosystem in the human body,the intestinal microbiota is closely associated with the occurrence of many diseases.The clinical investigations and animal experiments have showed that traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) could maintain the balance of the intestinal micro-ecological system.This review summarized the research methods and literatures on the regulation effects of TCM,including different effective ingredients,extracts and Chinese herbal formulae,on intestinal microflora in recent five years,in order to provide a reference for the further research and development of TCM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Intestines , Microbiology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research
17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 293-296, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776512

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of vitamin E on the respiratory function impairment in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after exposed to high temperature and PM.@*METHODS@#Fifty-four 7-week-old SPF male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 9 experimental groups (n=6). The rat COPD model was established by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and smoke exposure. After modeled, the rats were tracheal instilled with PM (0 mg/ml, 3.2 mg/ml) and intraperitoneally injected with vitamin E at the dose of 40 mg/kg (20 mg/ml). Part of rats (high temperature groups) were then exposed to high temperature (40℃), once (8 h) a day for three consecutive days. After the last exposure, the lung function of rats was detected. The expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) were detected by corresponding ELISA kits.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, exposure of high temperature and PM could inhibit the lung function of COPD rats significantly (P<0.05); the level of MCP-1 was increased significantly in PM-exposure groups (P<0.05); iNOS was increased significantly in the groups of high temperature (P<0.05). Compared with the single-PM exposure groups, TNF-α in lung was decreased in the normal temperature health group and high temperature COPD group (P<0.05) after treated with vitamin E; MCP-1 was decreased in all vitamin E-treated groups (P<0.05); the decreased iNOS only appeared in the group of high temperature with vitamin E treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#High temperature and PM could aggravate the inflammation of COPD rats. As an antioxidant, vitamin E may protect the lung from the damage effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Chemokine CCL2 , Metabolism , Hot Temperature , Lung , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Metabolism , Particulate Matter , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Drug Therapy , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism , Vitamin E , Pharmacology
18.
Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine ; (6): 200-203, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753091

ABSTRACT

Objective :To explore difference of blood lipid levels among patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO) from department of ophthalmology , those with hyperlipidemia from department of cardiology and healthy people .Methods :Blood lipid levels were compared among 35 RVO patients who visited department of ophthalmology for the first time ,35 patients with hyperlipidemia who visited department of cardiology for the first time and 35 healthy people undergoing physi—cal examination from Jun 2017 to Jan 2018. Results : (1) Compared with healthy group ,there were significant rise in blood levels of total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) ,and significant reduction in blood level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL—C) in RVO group and hyperlipidemia group (P<0.05 or <0.01) ,and significant rise in blood level of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL—C) in hyperlipidemia group , P= 0.001 ; (2 ) Compared with hyperlipidemia group ,there were significant reductions in levels of TC [ (5.73 ± 0.91) mmol/L vs.(5.09 ± 0.83) mmol/L] ,TG [ (2.31 ± 1.37) mmol/L vs.(1.81 ± 1.89) mmol/L] and LDL—C [ (3.11 ± 0.79) mmol/L vs.(2.55 ± 0.42) mmol/L] in RVO group , P<0.01 all.Conclusion : Blood lipid levels of RVO patients are significantly higher than those of healthy people , but those were reduced than hyperlipidemia group indicated that blood lipid levels rise is a pathogenic factor ,but not only one ,its other pathogenic factor should be investigate .

19.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1344-1352, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813008

ABSTRACT

To examine the expression of vasohibin-1, metastasis-associated in colon cancer-1 (MACC1) and KAI1 proteins in serous ovarian cancer and their clinical significance.
 Methods: In 124 specimens of serous ovarian cancer (serous ovarian cancer group) and 30 specimens of ovarian serous cystadenoma (ovarian serous cystadenoma group), the expression of vasohibin-1, MACC1 and KAI1 protiens were detected by immunohistochemistry ElivisionTM method.
 Results: In the serous ovarian cancer group, the positive rates of vasohibin-1 and MACC1 proteins were 48.4% and 58.1%, respectively, which were both higher than those in the ovarian serous cystadenoma group (10.0% and 13.3%, respectively); while the positive rate of KAI1 protein in the serous ovarian cancer group was 33.9%, which was lower than that in the ovarian serous cystadenoma group (86.7%), there were significant differences between the 2 groups (all P<0.05). In the serous ovarian cancer group, the expression of the 3 proteins were closely related to the pathological grade, Federation International of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage and pelvic lymph node metastasis (all P<0.05). The KAI1 protein was negatively correlated with the levels of vasohibin-1 and MACC1 (r=-0.500, -0.600, respectively, both P<0.01); while there was a positive correlation between the vasohibin-1 and the MACC1 (r=0.518, P<0.01). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the over-expression of vasohibin-1, MACC1 and the low-expression of KAI1 protein were related to the survival rates (all P<0.05). Multi-factor analysis showed that the expression of vasohibin-1, KAI1 protein and the FIGO stage were independent prognosis factors for radical operation of serous ovarian cancer (RR=2.185, 3.893, 0.413; 95% CI=1.263-3.779, 2.190-6.921, 0.251-0.681; all P<0.05).
 Conclusion: The up-regulation of vasohibin-1, MACC1 and down-regulation of KAI1 in serous ovarian cancer are related to the tumor differentiation, clinical stage, metastasis and prognosis. Combined detection of these indexes is useful in predicting the progression and prognosis of serous ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial , Cell Cycle Proteins , Colonic Neoplasms , Kangai-1 Protein , Neoplasm Staging , Ovarian Neoplasms , Prognosis , Trans-Activators , Transcription Factors
20.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 140-143, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744815

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of growth group therapy on psychological factors related to interpersonal relationships in college students. Methods Volunteers from a medical university and a non-specialized university in Shenyang participated in growth group therapy once a week for 12 weeks. Before and after the intervention, the 48 volunteers completed the RFQ-54, emotion regulation questionnaire (ERQ), self-esteem scale (SES), and coping style questionnaire (CSQ). Results The RFQ-C, cognitive reappraisal, and SES scores were significantly different before and after intervention (20.54±8.88 vs 23.19±10.85, P < 0.05), (27.27±5.22 vs29.19±4.69; 29.67±4.59 vs 31.48±4.20, P < 0.01), as were the scores of the CSQ subscales, such as problem-solving, seeking support, withdrawal, rebuking oneself, and fantasy (0.72±0.17 vs 0.80±0.15; 0.60±0.25 vs 0.71±0.24; 0.35±0.21 vs 0.28±0.18; 0.36±0.25 vs 0.28±0.20; 0.48±0.23 vs 0.39±0.19, P < 0.01). Conclusion Growth group therapy is effective in college students. It can improve abilities of mentalizing, emotional regulation, self-esteem, and coping in college students.

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