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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 779-782, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007852

ABSTRACT

In August 2021, three students with diarrhea from the same school visited a local hospital in the S district of Beijing. An epidemic investigation showed that there were more students with diarrhea in the same school and they had one meal together. Campylobacter jejuni was isolated from both patients with diarrhea and asymptomatic food handlers; however, the latter also carried Campylobacter coli. Phylogenomic analysis showed that there was a campylobacteriosis outbreak among the students, and the asymptomatic food handler may have been the source of the infection. Routine inspection and surveillance for Campylobacter is needed for the food producing staff, particularly those cooking in the cafeteria in schools or other public food services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Campylobacter Infections/epidemiology , Gastroenteritis , Diarrhea , Campylobacter , Disease Outbreaks
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1676-1683, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010022

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy and survival of venetoclax based (VEN-based) regimen in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia(AML).@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted in patients who received VEN-based regimen and completed at least 1 course of efficacy evaluation at the The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from July 2019 to July 2022. The incidence of complete remission (CR)/CR with incomplete hematologic recovery (CRi) rate, objective remission rate(ORR) and survival of patients with different risk strati- fication and gene subtypes were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 79 patients were enrolled, including 43 patients with newly diagnosed unfit AML (unfit AML) and 36 relapsed/refractory AML (R/R AML). The median age of the patients was 62(14-83) years old. 36 out of 79 patients achieved CR/CRi and the ORR of the whole cohort was 64.6%. The CR/CRi rate of unfit AML patients was significantly higher than that of R/R AML patients (60.5% vs 27.8%, P=0.004). In unfit AML cohort, the patients with NPM1 and IDH1/2 mutations were benefited, 8 out of 9 patients ahcieved CR/CRi, 7/8 and 5/8 patients achieved minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity, respectively. Six out of 9 patients with TET2 mutation achieved CR/CRi, 3/6 patients achieved MRD negativity. In R/R AML cohort, 2 out of 3 patients with RUNX1 mutation achieved CR/CRi, without MRD negative, while the CR/CRi rate of patients with other gene mutations was lower than 40%. The median follow-up time was 10.1(95%CI: 8.6-11.6) months. In whole cohort, the median overall survival (mOS) time was 9.1 months and the relapse free survival (RFS) time was not reached. The mOS and RFS of unfit AML patients were significantly longer than those of R/R AML patients (14.1 vs 6.8 months, P=0.013; not reached vs 3.3 months, P=0.000). In unfit AML cohort, the mOS of patients with NPM1 or IDH1/2 mutations was not reached, while that of patients without NPM1 or IDH1/2 mutations was 8.0 months (P=0.009; P=0.022). Furthermore, the mOS of patients with TP53 mutaion was significantly shorter than that of patients without TP53 mutation (5.2 vs 14.1 months, P=0.049). In R/R AML cohort, there was no significant difference in mOS between patients with mutation in each gene subtype and those without gene mutation (P>0.05). All patients had hematology adverse reactions, 91.1% patients had AE grade≥3. The most common non-hematology adverse reactions was infection, with an incidence of 91.1%. VEN-based regimen was tolerable for AML patients.@*CONCLUSION@#VEN-based regimen can achieve a high response rate, especially in unfit AML with acceptable safety, and some patients can achieve MRD negative. It is also effective in NPM1-, IDH1/2-positive patients with long survival time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Retrospective Studies , Nucleophosmin , Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Recurrence , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1410-1414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009996

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of etoposide combined with cyclophosphamide (EC) regimen for mobilization of autologous peripheral blood stem cells (APBSCs) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 48 MM patients who received APBSC transplantation (APBSCT) in Department of Hematology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from January 2015 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The mobilization success rate and mobilization optimal rate of EC regimen were counted, and its effect on transplant efficacy, adverse reactions, hematopoietic reconstitution after transplantation, and survival time of MM patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#APBSCs were collected on day 14 (10-19) after EC administration. The median of collected CD34+ cells was 6.82 (1.27-22.57)×106/kg, and the median number of apheresis session was 2 (1-4). The mobilization success rate (collecting CD34+ cells≥2×106 cells/kg after completion of apheresis) was 98% (47/48), and mobilization optimal rate (collecting CD34+ cells≥5×106 cells/kg after completion of apheresis) was 71% (34/48). The depth of remission were improved after APBSCT, and the complete remission (CR) rate increased from 45.8% before transplantation to 87.5% after transplantation (P <0.01). There was no transplant-related death, no blood transfusion during mobilization, and no mucositis occurred in the patients. The most common complication was neutropenia, with an incidence of 75.0% (36/48). After transplantation, all the patients successfully achieved hematopoietic reconstitution. The median time to neutrophil engraftment was 10 (9-26) days, and median time to platelet engraftment was 10 (8-33) days. By the end of follow-up, both the median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) time were not reached. The 5-year estimated PFS rate and OS rate was 53.8% and 82.4%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The EC regimen for mobilization of APBSC has a high acquisition success rate and controllable adverse reactions, which can be an effective and safe mobilization regimen in MM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Etoposide/therapeutic use , Peripheral Blood Stem Cells , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Transplantation, Autologous/adverse effects
4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 35-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959042

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis in the elderly people in Wuhan during 2016-2020, and to provide a basis for formulating effective prevention and control strategies and measures. Methods Using the National Tuberculosis Information Management System, a descriptive statistical analysis was performed on the medical records of elderly (≥60 years old) pulmonary tuberculosis patients registered in Wuhan from 2016 to 2020. Results A total of 9 427 elderly pulmonary tuberculosis patients were registered in Wuhan during 2016-2020, accounting for 32.07% of the total number of registrations in the whole population. The reported incidence rate of tuberculosis in the elderly was significantly higher than that in the total population, and the reported incidence rates in both the elderly and the general population showed declining trends (whole population χ2trend=216.97, P2trend=153.57, P<0.05). The time distribution showed that more cases occurred from April to November (70.90%). The top three districts with the largest number of registered cases were far urban areas, namely Huangpi District (13.81%), Xinzhou District (11.55%), and Jiangxia District (9.82%). The ratio of male to female with pulmonary tuberculosis in elderly patients was 2.85:1. Among the elderly pulmonary tuberculosis, the most registered cases were in the age group of 60 ~ years old, followed by 65 ~ years old. The proportion of smear-positive in elderly patients with pulmonary tuberculosis retreatment was 16.83%. Conclusion From 2016 to 2020, the epidemic situation of elderly pulmonary tuberculosis showed a downward trend in Wuhan. However, the elderly population with tuberculosis registrations still accounted for a relatively high proportion of the total population. According to the epidemiological characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis among the elderly, the city should carry out tuberculosis prevention and control work in a timely, appropriate and focused manner.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 753-761, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze clinical characteristics and survival time of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), detect prognosis-related markers, and establish a nomogram prognostic model of clinical factors combined with biomarkers.@*METHODS@#One hundred and thirty-seven patients with DLBCL were included in this study from January 2014 to March 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. The expression of GCET1, LMO2, BCL-6, BCL-2 and MYC protein were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC), then the influences of these proteins on the survival and prognosis of the patients were analyzed. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to gradually screen the prognostic factors in nomogram model. Finally, nomogram model was established according to the result of multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The positive expression of GCET1 protein was more common in patients with Ann Arbor staging I/II (P =0.011). Compared with negative patients, patients with positive expression of LMO2 protein did not often show B symptoms (P =0.042), and could achieve better short-term curative effect (P =0.005). The overall survival (OS) time of patients with positive expression of LMO2 protein was significantly longer than those with negative expression of LMO2 protein (P =0.018), though the expression of LMO2 protein did not correlate with progression-free survival (PFS) (P >0.05). However, the expression of GCET1 protein had no significant correlation with OS and PFS. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that nomogram model consisted of 5 prognostic factors, including international prognostic index (IPI), LMO2 protein, BCL-2 protein, MYC protein and rituximab. The C-index applied to the nomogram model for predicting 4-year OS rate was 0.847. Moreover, the calibrated curve of 4-year OS showed that nomogram prediction had good agreement with actual prognosis.@*CONCLUSION@#The nomogram model incorporating clinical characteristics and IHC biomarkers has good discrimination and calibration, which provides a useful tool for the risk stratification of DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Nomograms , Immunohistochemistry , Retrospective Studies , Clinical Relevance , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Transcription Factors , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 301-305, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971141

ABSTRACT

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening hyperinflammatory clinical syndrome of uncontrolled immune response which results in hypercytokinemia due to underlying primary or secondary immune defect. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) remains the only cure therapy for primary HLH and recurrent/refractory hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Compared with children HLH, adult HLH is a much more heterogeneous syndrome requiring a more individualized protocol depending on the underlying trigger, disease severity and genetic background. At present, there remain controversies in various aspects including indications of haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), conditioning regimen, efficacy and prognosis. This article will review the recent advances of allo-HSCT in the treatment of adult HLH based on the above issues.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Adult , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation Conditioning/methods
7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 450-456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962490

ABSTRACT

Cancer is one of the major fatal diseases that seriously threaten human health, and its burden needs to be solved urgently. Health technology assessment (HTA) can provide scientific evidence-based basis for cancer diagnosis, treatment, prevention and related policy formulation. Cost-utility analysis is the gold standard for economic evaluation in HTA, and the accurate measurement of its health utility is one of the key elements to determine the accuracy of its results. This article focuses on systematic introduction of direct measures, multi-attribute health utility scales, and mapping methods in the field of cancer measurement and reviews their applications in cancer patients. Among them, direct measures are complex, costly, and require a high level of subject knowledge; multi-attribute health utility measures are currently the preferred method for measuring health utility in cancer patients; with the continuous development and refinement of disease-specific utility measures in multi-attribute health utility instruments, the mapping method may gradually decrease in future applications. This paper can provide a reference for the selection of health utility measurement tools for HTA in the field of cancer, and provide evidence-based basis for optimizing resource allocation and policy formulation in the field of cancer.

8.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 604-613, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981093

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Campylobacter jejuni NCTC11168 is commonly used as a standard strain for flagellar biosynthesis research. In this report, two distinguished phenotypic isolates (CJ1Z, flhA mutant strain, lawn; CJ2S, flhA complemented strain, normal colony) appeared during laboratory passages for NCTC11168.@*METHODS@#Phenotypic assessments, including motility plates, transmission electron microscopy, biofilm formation assay, autoagglutination assay, and genome re-sequencing for these two isolates (CJ1Z, flhA mutant strain; CJ2S, flhA complemented strain) were carried out in this study.@*RESULTS@#Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the flagellum was lost in CJ1Z. Phenotypic assessments and genome sequencing of the two isolates were performed in this study. The capacity for biofilm formation, colony auto-agglutination, and isolate motility was reduced in the mutant CJ1Z. Comparative genomic analysis indicated a unique native nucleotide insertion in flhA (nt, 2154) that caused the I719Y and I720Y mutations and early truncation in flhA.@*CONCLUSION@#FlhA has been found to influence the expression of flagella in C. jejuni. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to describe the function of the C-terminal of this protein.


Subject(s)
Campylobacter jejuni/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Mutation , Biological Variation, Population
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 134-141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979458

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of Flemiphilippinin D on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in rats and explore its mechanism. MethodForty rats were randomly divided into normal group, CIA group, methotrexate (MTX) group (1.35 mg·kg-1), low-dose Flemiphilippinin D group (1.5 mg·kg-1), and high-dose Flemiphilippinin D group (3.0 mg·kg-1), with eight rats in each group. Except for the normal group, the CIA model was induced by type Ⅱ collagen. Each group was given corresponding liquid medicine or normal saline, once a week in the MTX group, and once a day in the Flemiphilippinin D groups for a total of 28 days. The arthritis score and joint swelling degree of rats were experimentally recorded. Pathological changes in the ankle joint of rats were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Serum levels of inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were detected by enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA), and the mRNA expression of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the protein expressions of TLR2, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 were detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal group, the ankle joint of the CIA group was significantly swollen, and the clinical score of arthritis and the degree of joint swelling were significantly increased (P<0.01). The ankle joint tissue structure was significantly damaged, and the levels of inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α in serum were significantly increased (P<0.01). The mRNA levels and protein levels of TLR2, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 were significantly increased(P<0.01). Compared with the CIA group, arthritis clinical score and joint swelling of rats in each administration group were significantly reduced (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the pathological changes in the ankle joint were significantly improved. The contents of serum IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). The mRNA levels and protein levels of TLR2, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 in the ankle joint were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionTo a certain extent, Flemiphilippinin D can reduce the expression of inflammatory factors in rheumatoid arthritis rats and play a good therapeutic effect. It works perhaps by inhibiting the activation of the TLR2/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway and thus shows an anti-inflammatory effect.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1591-1596, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014238

ABSTRACT

Abstract; Aim To explore the differences of 2,4-dinitrofluoro- benzene ( DNFB) -induced allergic contact demiatitis (ACD) models with different modeling cycles for the study of skin itch¬ing and inflammation, so as to provide reference and basis for the identification and selection of a more suitable animal model.Methods DNFB was used as a sensitizer, 0.5% DNFB was used to build a 2-week ACD model, and after 5-day sensitiza¬tion, the modeling site was administered once every other day and repeated four times.0.15% DNFB was used to build a 5- week ACD model, and after one week of treatment, DNFB was applied to the modeling site twice a week for four weeks.Behav¬ioral videos were recorded for 60 minutes alter each application of DNFB on the back of the neck for 24 hours.After modeling, Ig-K levels in serum were detected by KLISA, and the skin at the modeling site was stained for histopathology and observed.Results The entire modeling process of both modeled ACD mice was accompanied by severe scratching response after re¬peated skin exposure to DNFB, and the number of scratching significantly increased (P <0.01).Histopathological results showed epidermal thickening ( P < 0.01 ) , hyperkeratosis and inflammatory cell infiltration (P <0.01) in both modeling meth¬ods, and senmi Ig-F levels were significantly elevated ( P < 0.01).Conclusions The contact dennatitis model caused by DNFB is very stable, showing typical pruritus symptoms, severe dermatitis injury and inflammatory immune response, but the 5- week model may have more typical symptoms and allow enough time to observe the effect of the drug, which provides further ex¬perimental basis and evidence for pruritus and inflammation re¬lated drug research.

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1607-1612, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013978

ABSTRACT

Classic serotonergic hallucinogens(also known as psychedelics)are powerful psychoactive substances that can induce profound alterations of human consciousness,emotion,and cognition. It is generally believed that the main target of psychedelics for their hallucinogenic effect is 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A receptor(5-HT

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 850-852, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of blended learning in the undergraduate teaching of Clinical Biochemistry. Methods:The Batch 2017 medical laboratory technology undergraduates ( n=134) were selected as research objects, and the effect and opinions of blended learning were statistically analyzed by questionnaire survey and online-offline platform data. SPSS 23.0 was used to conduct rank sum test. Results:The application of blended learning in the Clinical Biochemistry teaching affected the learning effect in an all-round way. The average score increased from 70 (64, 76) to 79 (71, 85), with statistical difference ( Z=6.69, P<0.001). Conclusion:The combined application of blended learning, problem-based learning, flipped classroom and formative assessment is conducive to teaching students in accordance with their aptitude and cultivating students' clinical thinking ability.

13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 26-31, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergistic immunomodulatory mechanism of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI) regimen on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Sixty eight untreated de novo or relapsed or refractory or maintenance therapy patients with AML admitted in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the other 11 medical units from March 2016 to May 2019 were treated with ITI regimen. Peripheral blood specimen per patient was collected into EDTA-K3 anticoagulation vacuum tube before the administration of ITI and 3 months after the treatment; peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and perforin and Granzyme B expression were analyzed by using flow cytometry; the levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma were detected by using a cytometric bead array. Thirty-five healthy subjects from the hospital physical examination centre were selected as normal controls.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ITI regimen can raise the ratio of CD4


Subject(s)
Humans , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Perforin , Thalidomide
14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 67-74, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906145

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effect and molecular mechanism of Angelicae Sinensis Radix-Chuanxiong Rhizoma medicated serum (ASRCRS) against oxidative damage of PC12 cells induced by H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>. Method:Oxidative damage of PC12 cells was induced by H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub><italic> in vitro</italic>, and intervention was performed in the low-, medium-, and high-dose ASRCRS groups with a final volume fraction of 15%. The cell viability was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Cell morphology was observed by an inverted fluorescence microscope. The content of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and malondialdehyde (MDA), the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), and the distribution of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cell supernatant were detected by the kits. Cell apoptosis was detected by Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining. The protein expression levels of nuclear factor E<sub>2</sub>-related factor 2 (Nrf2), Kelch-like epichlorohydrin associated protein-1 (Keap1), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and SOD1 were detected by Western blot. Result:Oxidative damage was induced by 300 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> for 24 hours. Compared with the normal group, the model group showed abnormal cell morphology, reduced cell viability (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased LDH and MDA (<italic>P</italic><0.01), blunted SOD activity, elevated intracellular distribution of ROS, down-regulated protein expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and SOD1 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.05), and up-regulated protein expression of Keap1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, ASRCRS groups displayed improved cell morphology, increased cell viability, inhibited cell apoptosis, potentiated SOD activity (<italic>P</italic><0.01), suppressed release of LDH (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and generation of ROS, decreased content of MDA (<italic>P</italic><0.01), up-regulated protein expression of Nrf2, HO-1 and SOD1 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and down-regulated protein expression of Keap1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:ASRCRS could protect PC12 cells from oxidative damage induced by H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> by up-regulating the expression of Nrf2 to activate the Nrf2/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling pathway, enhancing the ability to resist oxidative damage, and inhibiting cell apoptosis.

15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-200952

ABSTRACT

Background:Malnutrition is common in patients with cancer, whichadversely affectsthesurvival and quality of life ofcancer patients.However, there is no national data on the prevalence of malnutrition inChinese cancer patients. Thisstudy aims to evaluate the prevalenceof malnutrition and quality of life(QOL)ofChinese patients with localregional, recurrentor metastatic cancer,to address the prognostic value of nutritional status and QOLon the survival of cancer patients in China and to validate the patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) questionnaire in Chinese cancer patients.Methods:Thisisanobservational,multi-centered,and hospital-based prospective cohort study.We aimed to recruit 50,000 cancer patients (age 18and above)overan 8-year period.Data collection will occur within 48hrafter patientsare admitted to hospital, 30-days after hospital admission, and the follow-up will be conducted1-8years after enrolment. The primary outcomeisoverall survival, and secondaryoutcomes arelength of hospital stay and hospital costs. Factors measured are demographic characteristics, tumor characteristics, anthropometry measurements,hematological measurement, body composition, PG-SGAscores,Karnofsky performance status scores,and QLQ C30 scores. This protocol wasapproved by local ethical committees of all the participant hospitals.Conclusions: This multi-centered, large-scale, long-time follow-up prospective study will help diagnose malnutrition in cancer patients in China, and identify the related risk factors associated with the negative outcomes. The anticipated results will highlight the need for a truly scientific appraisal of nutrition therapy, and help to improve outcomes among cancer patients in China.Trial Registration: The trial has been registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800020329. Registered on 19 December 2018

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 69-74, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873316

ABSTRACT

Objective::To discuss the efficacy of compound Huangteng mixture for acute radiation enteritis (ARE) and to investigate its regulatory effect on serum inflammatory factors. Method::One hundred and forty patients were randomly divided into control group (70 cases) and observation group (70 cases) by random number table. Patients in control group got precise radiotherapy. And take montmorillorillonite powder orally based on the treatment in control group, patients in observation group additionally received compound Huangteng mixture, 1 dose/day. The treatment was continued to the second week after the ending of radiotherapy in both groups. Time of appearance of ARE (1 and 2 levels), irradiation dose and incidence of severe ARE (3 and 4 levels) were recorded. Endoscope examination was conducted at the second week after the ending of radiotherapy. ARE symptom scores and KPS scores of quality of life were graded. Levels of serum interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-4, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were detected both before and after treatment. Result::Time of appearance of ARE (1 and 2 levels) in observation group was shorter than those in control group (P<0.01), and irradiation dose was more than that in control group (P<0.01). At the fourth and fifth week of radiotherapy and at the second week after the ending of radiotherapy, incidence rate of ARE (levels 2 and above) was 42.86%(30/70), 50.00%(35/70) and 54.29%(38/70), all lower than 61.43%(43/70), 68.57%(48/70) and 74.29%(52/70) in control group (χ2=4.837, P<0.05, χ2=5.001, P<0.05, χ2=6.097, P<0.05). After radiotherapy, incidence of ARE was 62.86%(44/70) in observation group, lower than 78.57%(55/70) in control group (χ2=4.173, P<0.05), and the incidence of severeARE was 13.64%(6/44) in observation group, lower than 32.73%(18/55) in control group (χ2=4.851, P<0.05). Scores of endoscope and ARE symptoms in observation group were lower than those in control group, while score of KPS was higher than that in control group (P<0.01). After radiotherapy, levels of IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α and CRP in observation group were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), while level of IL-4 was higher than that in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion::Compound Huangteng mixture combined with radiotherapy can reduce the incidence of ARE, postpone the occurrence of ARE, relieve the severity of ARE, regulate the expression of inflammatory factors, alleviate clinical symptoms, and improve the quality of life in patients withradiotherapy, thus it is conducive to the sequential development of radiotherapy.

17.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 364-370, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827530

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association between two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), namely, rs4691383 and rs7667857, in the platelet-derived growth factor-C (PDGF-C) gene, the genotypes, environmental exposure factors, and nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) in Western Chinese population.@*METHODS@#A total of 268 case-parent trios were selected, and two SNPs (rs4691383 andrs7667857) were genotyped by using polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme fragment length polymorphic method and direct sequencing method. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, linkage disequilibrium test, transmission disequilibrium test, and haplotype analysis were conducted to analyze the data. Meanwhile, the questionnaires on the epidemiology of cleft lip and palate filled by the included samples were collected, and the interaction between the genotypes of the two SNPs and environmental exposure factors was assessed by conditional logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#The A allele at rs4691383 and the G allele at rs7667857 of PDGF-C gene were over-transmitted for NSCL/P (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rs4691383 and rs7667857 at PDGF-C gene are closely related to the occurrence of NSCL/P in Western Chinese population. However, the interaction between environmental exposure factors and PDGF-C genotypes is not obvious in the occurrence of NSCL/P.


Subject(s)
Humans , Case-Control Studies , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Lymphokines , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 92-97, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862665

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the clinical efficacy of dialectical therapy of Bufeitang combined with Shengesan and Fujiu application on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung-kidney Qi deficiency syndrome, and its effect on inflammatory damage and airway remodeling. Method::One hundred and thirty-four patients were randomly divided into control group (66 cases) and observation group (68 cases) by random number table. Patients in control group got spiriva by powder inhaler, 1 grain/time, 1 time/day, and salmeterol xinafoate and fluticasone propionate powder for inhalation for spray as appropriate, 1 suction/time, 1-2 times/days, for a continued 12 months. In addition to the therapy of control group, patients in observation group were also given Fujiu application at two-tailed acupoints of Feiyu, Piyu and Shenyu for the first day of the every San Fu and San Jiu, and dialectical therapy of Bufeitang combined with Shengesan were given at the first day of San Fu and San Jiu for 2 months. The course of treatment was 12 months. Before and after treatment, FEV1% of self-assessment questionnaire of patients with COPD (CAT), 6-min walking distance, St George's respiratory questionnaire (SGRQ), severity of dyspnea (mMRC) and index of BODE were assessed. And levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor-1 (TIMP-1) were detected. Result::After treatment, scores of CAT, the total score of SGRQ, scoring of each dimension and index of BODE in observation group were all lower than that in control group (P<0.01), while FEV1% was higher than that in control group (P<0.01). And 6-min walking distance was more than that in control group (P<0.01), and the numbers of acute exacerbations were less than that in control group (P<0.01). The severity of dyspnea was lighter than that in control group (Z=2.047, P<0.05). And levels of MMP-9, TNF-α, IL-6 and ratio of MMP-9/TIMP-1 were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), whereas the level of TIMP-1 was higher than that in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion::Dialectical therapy of Bufei decoction combined with Shenge powder and Fujiu application can alleviate the current symptoms of dyspnea, improve exercise tolerance, quality of life and pulmonary function, reduce the number of acute exacerbations, relieve inflammation damage and airway remodeling. The comprehensive clinical efficacy is better than that of conventional western medicine.

19.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 434-440, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845287

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role of BBS protein in ciliary signal transduction by studying the pro- karyotic expression, purification and polyclonal antibody preparation of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii protein BBS4. Methods: Prokaryotic Expression Vector pET-28a(+)-bbs4 and pMAL-c2X-bbs4 were constructed by the cDNA sequence of bbs4 Gene from C. reinhardtii, and then transformed into Escherichia coli BL21(DE3)for protein expression. The fusion protein with maltose binding protein(MBP)and 6×His tag was obtained by inducing expression. The purified fusion protein 6×His-BBS4 were used to immunize New Zealand white rabbits and the antiserum was isolated from the blood collected from the ear vein. The titer of the antiserum was measured by indirect ELISA essay, the specificity of the antibody was tested by Western blotting method and immunofluorescence test. Results: Prokaryotic expression plasmids pET-28a(+)-bbs4 and pMAL-c2X-bbs4 were successfully constructed. The relative molecular weights of 6×His-BBS4 and MBP-BBS4 fusion proteins were 45 kDa and 85 kDa, respectively. The purity of the fusion proteins was more than 85%, and the concentration of the fusion proteins was more than 0.5 mg/ml. The proteins were used for immunization. The titer of the fusion proteins was 51 200. Western blotting showed a high specificity for the detection of C. reinhardtii CC-125. Prokaryotic expression of BBS4 protein of C. reinhardtii and preparation of polyclonal antibody were realized. Conclu- sion: The polyclonal antibody against BBS4 of C. reinhardtii was prepared successfully, which laid a foundation for further study on the role of BBS4 in ciliopathies.

20.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 67-75, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719646

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We examined changes in hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) during the four sequential phases of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection: hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic infection (EPCI) and hepatitis (EPCH), followed by HBeAg-negative chronic infection (ENCI) and hepatitis (ENCH). We compared the performance of serum HBcrAg, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and HBV DNA in predicting EPCH and ENCH. METHODS: We enrolled 492 consecutive patients: 49 with EPCI, 243 with EPCH, 101 with ENCI, and 99 with ENCH. HBcrAg was detected by chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassays. HBsAg and HBeAg were detected by chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassays. HBV DNA was detected by real-time PCR. Predictive performance of HBcrAg, HBsAg, and HBV DNA was evaluated using ROC curves. RESULTS: Areas under ROC curves (AUCs) of HBcrAg, HBsAg, and HBV DNA for predicting EPCH were 0.738, 0.812, and 0.717, respectively; optimal cutoffs were ≤1.43×105 kU/mL, ≤1.89×104 IU/mL, and ≤3.97×107 IU/mL, with sensitivities and specificities of 66.3% and 77.6%, 65.0% and 93.9%, and 60.5% and 79.6%, respectively. AUCs of HBcrAg, HBsAg, and HBV DNA for predicting ENCH were 0.887, 0.581, and 0.978, respectively; optimal cutoffs were >26.8 kU/mL, >2.29×102 IU/mL, and >8.75×103 IU/mL, with sensitivities and specificities of 72.7% and 95.1%, 86.9% and 39.6%, and 89.9% and 92.1%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: HBsAg and HBV DNA were the best predictors of EPCH and ENCH, respectively. HBcrAg is an important surrogate marker for predicting EPCH and ENCH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Area Under Curve , Biomarkers , DNA , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis , Hepatitis, Chronic , Immunoassay , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , ROC Curve
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