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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 46-52, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988918

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the status of occupational medical examination (OME) institutions in Guangdong Province and the critical control points affecting their future development. Methods: A total of 211 OME institutions registered in Guangdong Province were selected as the research subjects. Their current statue was investigated, and the risk assessment of their future development was carried out based on hazard analysis and critical control point theory. Results: The OME institutions were mainly concentrated in the Pearl River Delta, accounting for 72.0%. The public and private medical and health institutions accounted for 70.6% and 29.4% respectively. The filing rates of different OME categories from high to low in the order were physical factors, chemical factors, dust, other, radiation factors, biological factors (P<0.01), and the filing rates were 89.6%, 88.6%, 84.8%, 63.0%, 7.1% and 1.0%, respectively. The rates of excellence in the field assessment from high to low in the order were hearing atlas analysis personnel, lung function examination operators, chest film reading personnel, chief examination physician, technical director, quality director (P<0.01), and the rates of excellence were 49.4%, 26.2%, 20.6%, 10.8%, 8.2% and 4.6%, respectively. A total of 37 institutions did not submit OME information, of which 23 institutions did not carry out OME work after filing. The required diagnosis rate and confirmed diagnosis rate of suspected occupational diseases in 2020 were 34.3% and 55.3%, respectively. In 2021, the detection rate of suspected occupational diseases was only 1.1‰. Among the institutions with biological monitoring records, 64.1% did not participate in external quality assessment program in laboratory, and the unqualified rate of 38 participating institutions was 55.3%. The risk assessment results show that the future development of OME institutions needs to focus on private institutions, institutions that have not reported OME information, institutions that have missed diagnosis and missed reporting of suspected occupational diseases, institutions that have not participated in external quality assessment program in laboratory and core personnel such as quality managers, technical leaders, and main inspection physicians. Conclusion: OME institutions in Guangdong Province show the characteristics of centralized filing category, centralized filing region and centralized filing institution nature. Combined with the potential risks of OME institutional capacity building, it is necessary to implement classified management, strengthen information construction, supervision and management, implement post responsibilities, and promote the high-quality development of OME institutions.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 476-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003889

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the distribution features of newly reported cases of occupational welder′s pneumoconiosis (OWP) in Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022. Methods Data of newly reported cases of OWP from National Occupational Disease Network Direct Reporting System of Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022 was analyzed using conventional data analyzing Methods. Results A total of 294 cases of OWP were reported in Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022 with an overall downward trend. The average age at diagnosis for new OWP cases was 44±6 years old, and the median of dust exposure duration was 11 years. Males accounted for 99.3% of the cases, and 94.2% of the cases were phase Ⅰ OWP. Guangzhou City had the highest regional distribution with 74.8% of the cases. The industry distribution was mainly manufacturing, accounting for 86.7% of the cases. The scale of enterprises was most common in small enterprises, followed by large and medium-sized enterprises, accounting for 38.4%, 30.6% and 24.5% of the cases respectively. The economic types of enterprises were mostly private enterprises, followed by state-owned enterprises, accounting for 54.1% and 32.0% of the cases respectively. Conclusion In Guangdong Province, the newly reported OWP cases were clustered in terms of disease stage, regional distribution, industry, enterprise scale and enterprise economic type. There was a tendency of younger age at diagnosis and shorter dust exposure duration.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 415-419, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003877

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the timeline of occupational disease online reporting and reviewing in Guangdong Province from 2014 to 2022. Methods Data and review information from the Occupational Diseases and Hazards Monitoring Information System under China Disease Prevention and Control Information System were collected to analyze the reporting timeline, review status, and timeline of review of "Occupational Disease Report Cards" for the years 2014 to 2022 in enterprises located in Guangdong Province. Results A total of 9 929 occupational disease report cards were recorded in Guangdong Province from 2014 to 2022, and the timely reporting rate of occupational diseases was 84.10%, with an overall upward trend. There was a statistically significant difference in the reporting time among different years (P<0.05), and the reporting time showed a downward trend. In 2022, the timely reporting rate of all cities reached over 80.00%. The final review rate of occupational disease report cards was 85.02%, and the review rate and timely review rate at the county level showed an increasing trend. The occupational disease report card audit timeliness rate from high to low was provincial, district county and city level (61.26% vs 43.87% vs 36.72%, all P<0.05). Conclusion The timeline of occupational disease reporting in Guangdong Province is relatively high, and the review at all levels is generally good. However, further improvement is needed for timely review at the municipal and county levels.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 279-284, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003853

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of occupational diseases caused by physical factors in Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022, and to evaluate the key risk points of its incidence. Methods The data of newly diagnosed and suspected occupational diseases caused by physical factors in Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022 were collected from the Occupational Diseases and Hazards Monitoring Information System under China Disease Prevention and Control Information System, and were analyzed retrospectively. The key risk points of occupational diseases caused by physical factors were evaluated. Results A total of 661 cases of occupational diseases caused by physical factors were reported in Guangdong Province from 2013 to 2022, showing an overall increasing trend, with an average annual growth rate of 29.6%. The major occupational diseases caused by physical factors were occupational hand-arm vibration disease and occupational heat stroke, accounting for 59.5% and 39.6%, respectively. The nine prefecture-level cities of Pearl River Delta region accounted for 98.5% of the new cases. The cases were distributed mainly in the manufacturing industry (77.0% of the cases). A total of 294 enterprises were involved in the analysis of newly diagnosed occupational diseases caused by physical factors. Occupational hand-arm vibration cases appeared to be significantly aggregated in specific enterprises, and other disease cases were mostly sporadic. The types of enterprise registration were mainly Hong Kong-, Macao-, and Taiwan-invested enterprises and domestic-funded enterprises, accounting for 53.1% and 41.4%, respectively. In terms of enterprise size, large-scale and small-scale enterprises accounted for 56.5% and 21.4% of cases, respectively. A total of 27.4% of workers with occupational diseases caused by physical factors were identified as suspected occupational diseases before be diagnosed as occupational diseases, all of which were hand vibration disease and heat stroke In the future, attention should be paid to the risks of mass events of occupational hand-arm vibration disease, outbreaks of occupational heat stroke, and missed diagnosis of suspected occupational hand-arm vibration disease. Conclusion Among all occupational diseases caused by physical factors in Guangdong Province, attention should be paid on occupational hand-arm vibration disease and occupational heat stroke. Occupational hand-arm vibration disease has a high risk of group morbidity. Construction workers and sanitation workers have a high potential risk of occupational heat stroke.

5.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1303-1313, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922625

ABSTRACT

Food deprivation can rescue obesity and overweight-induced mood disorders, and promote mood performance in normal subjects. Animal studies and clinical research have revealed the antidepressant-like effect of calorie restriction, but little is known about the mechanism of calorie restriction-induced mood modification. Previous studies have found that astrocytes modulate depressive-like behaviors. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 2 (IP3R2) is the predominant isoform in mediating astrocyte Ca


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Adenosine Triphosphate , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use , Caloric Restriction , Mice, Knockout , Prefrontal Cortex
6.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1303-1313, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951954

ABSTRACT

Food deprivation can rescue obesity and overweight-induced mood disorders, and promote mood performance in normal subjects. Animal studies and clinical research have revealed the antidepressant-like effect of calorie restriction, but little is known about the mechanism of calorie restriction-induced mood modification. Previous studies have found that astrocytes modulate depressive-like behaviors. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 2 (IP3R2) is the predominant isoform in mediating astrocyte Ca

7.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 705-718, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826791

ABSTRACT

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common mood disorder that affects almost 20% of the global population. In addition, much evidence has implicated altered function of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAergic) system in the pathophysiology of depression. Recent research has indicated that GABA receptors (GABARs) are an emerging therapeutic target in the treatment of stress-related disorders such as MDD. However, which cell types with GABARs are involved in this process is unknown. As hippocampal dysfunction is implicated in MDD, we knocked down GABARs in the hippocampus and found that knocking down these receptors in astrocytes, but not in GABAergic or pyramidal neurons, caused a decrease in immobility in the forced swimming test (FST) without affecting other anxiety- and depression-related behaviors. We also generated astrocyte-specific GABAR-knockout mice and found decreased immobility in the FST in these mice. Furthermore, the conditional knockout of GABARs in astrocytes selectively increased the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor protein in hippocampal astrocytes, which controlled the decrease in immobility in the FST. Taken together, our findings contribute to the current understanding of which cell types expressing GABARs modulate antidepressant activity in the FST, and they may provide new insights into the pathological mechanisms and potential targets for the treatment of depression.

8.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 67-72, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793320

ABSTRACT

Objective Constructing physiological-psycho-social three dimensional aging index system, and scale to provide a basis for evaluating the effects of human aging and anti-aging measures. Methods Evaluation, modification and determination of the second and third level indexed by Delphi and principal component analysis and other methods. The weight of each index was weighted by the analytic hierarchy process, and the reliability and validity were calculated on the basis of the preliminary scale. A large sample of empirical studied to determine the aging of different age groups standardized score distribution table. The best model for judging functional age was sought, based on a variety of biostatistical models. Results The aging scale was constructed by three levels, the first level included 3 indicators, the second level had 10 indicators, the third level included 51 indicators, and adopted by expert certification the national society. 3 184 valid questionnaires were obtained through epidemiological investigation, the average total score of aging was (46.93±11.07) points, and the scores of aging were positively correlated with age(r=0.785, P<0.001). The average scores of aging in each dimension were different and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.001), and each dimension had significant difference with age. The growth model (R2=0.635) was selected, the curve of the relationship between the score of aging and age was fitted. Conclusions The three-dimensional human aging scale was scientific, feasible, and has good reliability and validity. The empirical results show that the comprehensive score of aging increase with age, and show certain characteristics and laws on the curve.

9.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 155-160, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817695

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To explore the changing rules of telomere length and the scores trend in different aging groups of women. 【Methods】 The 20-year-old and above healthy women were randomly selected from several hospitals of Nanchang University. Peripheral blood samples were collected as test samples,relative length of telomere was detected and analyzed. Meanwhile,the aging score was measured by PPSHAS scale. 【Results】 A total of 406 effective samples were obtained in this study,and the difference of telomere relative length in different age groups was statistically significant(P<0.001).The results showed that the relative length of telomere shortened with age,there is a highly negative correlation between telomere length(Y)and age(X;r=-0.623,P<0.001). The regression equation is Y =-0.012X +1.984(P<0.001,R2=0.400). Scores increased with age,and there was a distinct upward trend in 40~ and 60~ years old groups. The relative length of telomere decreased significantly,suggesting that there was a certain degree of agreement between them. Scores contributed to further research on female senescence. 【Conclusion】The telomere length of peripheral blood leukocytes in healthy women is shortened with age,and the relative length of telomere is negatively correlated with age. The change trend of telomere length and senescence score in 40~ and 60~ age groups suggests that women are rapidly aging at this stage and provide reference for the study of women′s elderly problem.

10.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 635-639, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779389

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the aging-related lifestyle and behaviors associated with the middle-aged and elderly so as to propose anti-aging strategies. Methods The aging degree of the elderly was measured by PPSHAS scale, which was certified by the national society. At the same time, the anti-aging factors were studied by questionnaire and logistic model. Results There were 836 effective PPSHAS scales and anti-aging questionnaires, 471 of which were significantly younger or older. Mann-Whitney U test showed that there was no significant difference in satiety and smoking between the two groups (Psatiety=0.295, Psmoking=0.294). By incorporating meaningful factors into logistic model, seven related anti-aging factors, such as dressing, drinking frequency and tea drinking habits, were obtained. Conclusions Aging can be delayed by paying attention to dressing, limiting alcohol, getting enough sleep, strengthening exercise, maintaining a harmonious family atmosphere, and drinking tea regularly.

11.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 948-951, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321203

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the association between metabolic syndrome and colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A multicenter case-control study was conducted. A total of 1506 cases of colorectal cancer (936 males and 570 females), whose clinical data were complete and aged from 30 to 75, were collected in the Third, First and Second People's Hospital of Jingdezhen between 2000 and 2009. A total of 3354 controls (1766 males and 1588 females) were subjects admitted to the above 3 hospitals as cases with acute non-malignant non-digestive diseases. Multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze the association between metabolic syndrome and its components and colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Forty-eight cases of colorectal cancer (3.2%) and 59 controls (1.8%) were diagnosed as metabolic syndrome. Colorectal cancer risk was increased in cases with metabolic syndrome (OR=1.64, 95% CI:1.14-2.49, P<0.05) and in men with metabolic syndrome (OR=1.92, 95% CI:1.27-3.78, P<0.05), but not in women (P>0.05). As the number of component of metabolic syndrome increased, the risk of colorectal cancer increased in men (P<0.01), but not in women (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Association between metabolic syndrome and colorectal cancer exists in men, but not in women.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Case-Control Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms , Logistic Models , Metabolic Syndrome , Risk , Risk Factors
12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1670-1672, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336112

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect and safety of imaging-guided percutaneous catheterization drainage and alcohol sclerosis for treatment of renal cysts.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six patients with primary renal cysts, including 22 men and 14 women aged 18-65 years (mean 42.5 years), were treated with imaging-guided percutaneous puncture catheterization drainage and alcohol sclerosis treatment. The location of the renal cysts and puncture route, angle and depth were determined by ultrasound or CT scan. Paracentesis and catheterization external drainage were carried out under fluoroscope. Absolute alcohol was used as the sclerosis agent.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty-eight cysts were detected in the 36 patients, locating at the upper pole (n=21), subtus pole (n=10) and intermediate pole (n=7). The length of renal cysts was 4.5-8.5 cm (mean 5.5 cm). Puncture was performed through the lumbar back and the success rate was 100%. Thirty-eight multi-lateral holes 5-7F drainage catheters were placed in the 38 cysts. Alcohol was injected for 169 times through the drainage tube and the average volume was 25 ml, with an average injection of 4.45 times. During the follow-up for 1 to 6 years (mean 3.5 years), 37 renal cysts disappeared and 1 cyst was reduced in a patient with polycystic kidney. The total cure rate was 97% in this series, and no serious complications occurred after the operation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Imaging-guided percutaneous puncture catheterization drainage and alcohol sclerosis is effective and safe for treatment of renal cysts.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Catheterization , Drainage , Methods , Ethanol , Kidney Diseases, Cystic , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Sclerosing Solutions , Therapeutic Uses , Sclerotherapy , Methods , Ultrasonography
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 352-355, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266530

ABSTRACT

Objective Understanding the risk factors of female infertility among child-bearing aged women, in Nanchang area. Methods A hospital-based matched case-control study was carried out in Nanchang. Matched by age ( ±2 years old) , 383 pairs of cases and controls were recruited and studied. Database was established with EpiData 3.0 software. Both cases and controls were interviewed face to face, with a uniformed questionnaire. Conditional logistic regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analysis on SPSS 11.5 to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results Data from multiple conditional logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors of infertility would include pelvic inflammatory diseases (0R=7.078, 95% Ch 3.462-14.467),post-abortion complications' history(0R=3.674, 95% CI: 1.690-7.986), drug treatment history (0R=23.576, 95% Ch 12.324-45.102), dysmenorrhea (0R=1.622, 95% CI: 1.161-2.266), pain from sexual intercourse (0R=2.447, 95% CI: 1.201-4.986), monthly frequency of sexual intercourse (0R=1.416,95% CI: 1.048-1.913)and mental stress (0R=2.146, 95% CI: 1.662-2.771). The protective factor of infertility, however, was level ofeducation(0R=0.522,95%Cl:0.391-0.696). Conclusion Prevention and treatment of pelvic infection, application of strictly controlled drugs, popularization of awareness on sexual and reproductive health and relief of mental stress would be important measures in decreasing the incidence of infertility.

14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 170-174, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259129

ABSTRACT

To construct the secretive prokaryotic shuttle expression plasmid pBCG-SP-HSP65, the signal peptide sequence of antigen 85B amplified from Bacillus Calmette-guérin (BCG) genome by PCR and the whole HSP65 DNA sequence of human M. tuberculosis obtained from the plasmid pCMV-MTHSP65 by PCR were cloned into the plasmid pBCG-2100 under the control of the promoter of Heat Shock Protein 70 (HSP70) from human M. tuberculosis. Recombinants were electroporated into Mycobacterial smegmatis and induced by heating. Results of the induced expression were detected by SDS-PAGE and the biological activity of the expressed protein was tested by Western-blot analysis. Results showed pBCG-SP-MTHSP65 was constructed successfully and confirmed by restriction endonuclease analysis, PCR detection and DNA sequencing analysis. After it was electroporated into Mycobacterial smegmatis and induced by heating, the percentage of expressed 65kD protein in Mycobacterial smegmatis detected by SDS-PAGE was 20% in total bacterial protein. But the percentage of expressed 65kD protein in recombibinant Mycobacterial smegmatis was up to 34.46% in total bacterial protein and 68.56% in the total protein of cell lysate supernants, Which demonstrated the recombinant HSP65 gene could express in recombinant with high efficiency and the expressed proteins were mainly soluble. Western-blot showed that the secretive proteins could specially combine with antibody against human M. tuberculosis HSP65. Orally, pBCG-SP-HSP65 was successfully constructed; HSP65 gene could express in Mycobacterial smegmatis with high efficiency via it. And the expressed proteins possess the biological activity. So it provids experimental evidence for the application of the recombinant Mycobacterial smegmatis and the development of the vaccine against tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Chaperonin 60 , Chaperonins , Genetics , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Mycobacterium smegmatis , Genetics , Metabolism , Plasmids , Genetics , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1513-1515, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345053

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevention of esophageal varices recurrence by laser inducing esophageal mucosal fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Our study included 42 patients after esophageal varices eradicated by endoscopic varices ligation, and they were divided into 2 groups randomly, each group included 21 patients. One group was assigned to received laser treatment, and indocyanine green solution (1 mg/ml) was injected submucosally, a diode laser (power 10 watts) was applied to the surface from the esophagogastric junction to 5 cm above it. Another group was controlling without any treatments. All patient were followed up by endoscopy every 3 months until 12 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Laser irradiation was performed safely without any major complications. And lower esophageal mucosa produced fibrosis widely after laser irradiated 1 month. After 12 months follow up, the cumulative recurrence rate was significantly lower than the control group, 14% (3/21) vs 43% (9/21) (chi(2) = 4.20, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our study indicates that laser inducing mucous fibrosis is safely and can prevent recurrence of esophageal varices.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Pathology , General Surgery , Esophagoscopy , Esophagus , Pathology , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Laser Coagulation , Methods , Ligation , Mucous Membrane , Pathology , Secondary Prevention
16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 347-349, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305946

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore whether there exists coincidence of the most appearing time of clinical features of liver cancer at different longitude and latitude, according to the law of field equation and the theory of warpage of space time by Einstein.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three regions with different longitude and latitude were selected randomly and sampled. There were 36 items altogether, including 12 clinical items, which were used to imitate the yearly cycle cosine curve. The acorphases and the ratioes of amplitudes and means were compared to justifying whether they were in the same range.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the acorphases of 36 items appeared between -90.1degrees to -207.5 degrees (from april to july), existing in one third of the same range, in which 13 items occurred rhythmly (P<0.05). The image acorphases of liver cancer at the early and middle stage and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase acorphase appeared between -98.5 degrees to -148.2 degrees (from april to may), in which 5 items occurred rhythmly (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is the same mode of the yearly biologcal cycle for liver cancer malignant growth within the most appearing time (from april to july). It will increase the detecting rate of liver cancer at the early and middle stage during this time (especially from april to may).</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Pathology , Cell Cycle , Physiology , Chronobiology Phenomena , Hepatocytes , Physiology , Liver Neoplasms , Pathology , Mathematical Computing , Periodicity
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