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1.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 232-236, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884168

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is an important treatment for malignant tumors, but it will have a negative impact on the reproductive function of young female patients.In recent years, the measures to protect female fertility are increasing, including clinical mature technologies such as embryo cryopreservation and mature oocyte cryopreservation; highly experimental technologies such as immature oocyte in vitro fertilization and ovarian tissue cryopreservation and transplantation.In addition, the application of stem cells and the proposal of artificial ovary also show great prospects in the protection of female fertility.This paper reviews the research progress of female fertility protection strategies in radiotherapy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 342-344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883722

ABSTRACT

Objective:Combined with the actual work requirements of brucellosis in Qinghai Province, to design a management information system for brucellosis patients, in order to realize the information of diagnosis and treatment of brucellosis patients.Methods:Based on the theory of management information system, according to the functional requirements of the actual work and performance parameters, the general framework of management information system was designed, the establishment of the management information system was gradually completed, and the system was improved through the system testing.Results:The system was easy to use and easy to operate, and patient's detailed information, diagnosis and treatment results and treatment plan could be obtained quickly. At the same time, follow-up, trace investigation, and brucellosis prevention and treatment propaganda could be carried out.Conclusions:The established brucellosis management information system can realize the electronic management of patient information, master the disease development and diagnosis and treatment results of brucellosis patients. Through follow-up investigation, the system can increase active screening and early warning of suspected cases, and provide health education to realize early diagnosis and early treatment of the patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 283-285, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883710

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the causes and epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of brucellosis in Haidong City Qinghai Province, and provide a scientific basis for prevention and control of brucellosis.Methods:Using the retrospective research method, the epidemic data on brucellosis, field case investigations, serological test results in Haidong City, Qinghai Province in 2019 were collected from the "China Disease Prevention and Control Information System", and the above data were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological analysis.Results:There were 3 confirmed brucellosis patients, who were breeders of the farm; 1 case of latent infection was found in key population, who was villager from the same village as the confirmed patients; 4 people had a history of close contact with infected sheep. A total of 110 sheep serum and 7 bovine serum samples were collected in the animal breeding area, of which 26 were positive, all were sheep serum; 568 sheep serum and 17 bovine serum samples in the same village were negative.Conclusions:The key occupational groups contacted with infected sheep without protection is the main cause of this epidemic. Health education on brucellosis prevention and control should be vigorously carried out to improve the awareness of the people to prevent the disease; the monitoring of animal brucellosis by relevant departments should be strengthened to effectively control the spread of animal brucellosis, and prevent the occurrence of human brucellosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mental health status of overseas medical students during the COVID-19 epidemic, so as to provide references for the improvement of their mental health level.Methods:Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) was applied to make a survey online among 118 overseas medical students. SPSS 19.0 was used for statistical analysis, and independent sample ttest and univariate analysis were conducted between the groups. Results:The analysis showed that during the COVID-19 epidemic, the scores of SCL-90 factors of overseas medical students in China were significantly higher than those of Chinese youth norms ( P<0.001). The top four scores were as follows: obsessive-compulsive symptoms > paranoia ideation > interpersonal sensitivity > depression. The positive screening rate for SCL-90 of the overseas students was 40.4%. The scores of male overseas students were significantly higher than those of female students ( P<0.01). The scores of overseas students living outside China at present were significantly higher those of students living in China and on campus ( P<0.001). Conclusion:The mental health status of the overseas medical students needs to be attached great importance during the COVID-19 epidemic. Targeted psychological counseling and intervention should be given to foreign students both staying outside China and those on campus.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To make an empirical study on verifying whether the self-developed simple laparoscopic simulator can play a good role in the training of laparoscopic skills.Methods:Twenty-four Batch 2018 and Batch 2019 undergraduates of five-year clinical medicine of the Army Medical University were recruited in this study, and they were randomly divided into a research group and a control group for 4 weeks of simulation training, 3 times a week, 1 class hour each time. The training content was fundamental laparoscopic skills (FLSs). Before and after the training, the assessment was performed and the results and completion time were recorded. After the training, a satisfaction questionnaire was conducted among all trainees. SPSS 22.0 was used for data statistical analysis.Results:There was no statistical difference between the completion time and assessment results of the two groups before training ( P > 0.05). After four weeks of training, the completion time of the research group was shortened by 10.03% and the training performance increased by 35.17%; the completion time of the control group was shortened by 2.09%, and the training performance improved 12.34%. The comparison between groups found that the research group was superior than the control group, and the performance of the two groups were all improved after training. Most trainees recognized the simulator and were willing to promote it to other trainees according to the questionnaire feedback. Conclusion:The original laparoscopic simulator has a better training effect on simulation training than the traditional apprenticeship teaching has, which is of great significance for the promotion and optimization of laparoscopic skills teaching.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882499

ABSTRACT

Mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) plays an important role in the process of mitochondrial fusion, and is involved in regulating mitochondrial function and morphological changes. Studies have found that Mfn2 has a tumor suppressor effect in a variety of malignant tumors and their cell lines, including cervical cancer, hepatocellular cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, and bladder cancer. The difference in the expression of Mfn2 in malignant tumor tissues suggests that Mfn2 may play an important role in the proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration of malignant tumor cells. As a cancer-related gene, Mfn2 provides new ideas for gene therapy of malignant tumors.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate whether Renqing Changjue has a protective effect on acute respiratory dis?tress syndrome (ARDS) induced by endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in rabbits. METHODS Thirty-six healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into six groups: normal control group, model group, dexamethasone group, Renqing Changjue high, middle and low dose group, with six rabbits in each group. LPS was used to replicate the ARDS model after five consecutive days of gavage. Arterial pressure, respiratory rate and anal temperature blood were recorded for arterial blood gas analysis at 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 h, respectively. At the end of the four-hour experiment, rab?bits were killed by bloodletting, and the lung tissue was quickly removed to determine the cytokines, SOD, MDA and pathological examination of rabbit lung. RESULTS Renqing Changjue can significantly reduce the pathological changes of lung in ARDS model group. The expression of AQP1 and MPO in rabbit lung was significantly decreased by immuno?histochemistry (P<0.05) ,reduce the lung wet/dry weight ratio, increase the ratio of PaO2/FiO2, inhibit the release of inflammatory factors and scavenge free radicals and antioxidant effects. CONCLUSION Renqing Changjue can effec?tively protect rabbits with acute respiratory distress syndrome induced by LPS, and may protect the lung by inhibiting the release of cytokines and anti-oxidation.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1149-1152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909472

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the common diseases of the digestive system mainly characterized by acute inflammation of the pancreas and acinar cell destruction, and it can often develop into severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is one of the most common and serious complications of SAP and a common cause of death in patients with SAP. In recent years, there have gained new understanding of the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of SAP-related ARDS, however, a variety of drugs that have been shown to prevent ARDS in SAP animal models have not improved the prognosis of SAP-related ARDS patients in clinical researches. At present, the treatment of SAP-related ARDS still follows the general treatment principles of ARDS, such as treatment of primary disease, lung protective ventilation strategy, prone position ventilation, early short-term use of neuromuscular blockers and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and so on. However, the influence of high intra-abdominal pressure, intestinal function failure, abdominal incision, and drainage tube on the treatment measures should also be considered for patients with SAP-related ARDS. This article reviews the recent progress in diagnosis and treatment of SAP-related ARDS.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 877-879, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the changes of serum interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-6 in adult patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) in Qinghai Plateau, and to provide scientific basis for scientific prevention and treatment of plateau KBD.Methods:According to the "Diagnosis of Kashin-Beck Disease" (WS/T 207-2010), adult KBD patients and healthy people over 18 years old were selected as KBD group and control group, respectively, in KBD disease areas of Xinghai County and Guide County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province. Fasting cubital venous blood was collected from the people of two groups, and the levels of serum IL-2 and IL-6 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:A total of 193 people were surveyed, including 114 people in KBD group and 79 people in control group. There was no significant difference in age and sex ratio between the two groups ( t = 0.204, χ 2 = 2.547, P > 0.05). The serum IL-2 and IL-6 levels of the KBD group were (572.21 ± 172.92), (42.35 ± 15.86) pg/ml, respectively; compared with the control group [(511.28 ± 173.22), (51.96 ± 17.18) pg/ml], the differences were statistically significant ( t = 2.404, 3.999, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The serum IL-2 level is increased and IL-6 level is decreased in adult KBD patients in Qinghai Plateau, both of which may be involved in the inflammatory reaction of adult KBD.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlations of neonatal hemodynamic parameters with gestational age (GA) and birth weight (BW) using non-invasive ultrasound cardiac output monitor (USCOM).Method:From March to September 2019, neonates with stable hemodynamics admitted to the Department of Neonatology of our hospital were enrolled in this prospective study. According to their GA, they were assigned into <29 w group, 29~33 w group, 34~36 w group and ≥37 w group. According to their BW, they were assigned into <1 000 g group, 1 000~1 499 g group, 1 500~2 499 g group and ≥2 500 g group. Cardiac output (CO), cardiac index (CI), stroke volume (SV), myocardial contractility (inotropy, INO), flow time corrected (FTC), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) and heart rate (HR) were measured using USCOM. The univariate linear regression method was used to analyze the correlation of hemodynamic parameters with different GA and BW.Result:A total of 120 neonates with stable hemodynamics were enrolled, including 69 males and 51 females. The average GA was (34.2±3.8)w and the average BW was (2 221±860) g. SV ( r=0.489, P<0.001), CO ( r=0.681, P<0.001), CI ( r=0.348, P<0.001), FTC ( r=0.266, P=0.003), INO ( r=0.446, P<0.001)and HR ( r=-0.322, P<0.001) showed significant linear correlations with GA. No linear correlation existed between SVRI ( r=-0.052, P=0.574) and GA. SV ( r=0.603, P<0.001), CO ( r=0.852, P<0.001), CI ( r=-0.390, P<0.001), INO ( r=0.576, P<0.001) and HR ( r=-0.440, P<0.001) showed significant linear correlations with BW. No significant linear correlations existed between SVRI ( r=-0.076, P=0.409) or FTC ( r=0.090, P=0.329) and BW. Conclusion:USCOM can monitor neonatal hemodynamic parameters in real-time.Hemodynamic parameters including SV, CO, CI and INO are significantly different among newborns with different GA and BW and these parameters are linearly correlated with GA and BW.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the early predictive value of urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipoprotein (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) for acute kidney injury (AKI) in neonates with severe asphyxia.Method:From January 2019 to June 2020, neonates with severe asphyxia admitted to our hospital within 6 hours after birth were enrolled in the study. The dynamic changes of urine NGAL and KIM-1 at admission, 24 h, 48 h and 1 w after birth were examined. Neonates were assigned into AKI group and non-AKI group according to the clinical practice guidelines for AKI issued by KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcome). The sensitivity and specificity of NGAL and KIM-1 predicting AKI at different time points were evaluated using ROC curve and area under curve (AUC).Result:According to the diagnostic criteria of neonatal AKI, 9 cases were in the AKI group and 42 cases in the non-AKI group, and the incidence of AKI was 17.6%. Urine NGAL was significantly increased in AKI group at admission and 24 h after birth compared with the non-AKI group [(115.6±75.5) ng/ml vs. (49.8±29.0) ng/ml, (90.7±35.6) ng/ml vs. (55.6±30.7) ng/ml] ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed at 48 h and 1 w after birth between the two groups. At 24 h after birth, urine KIM-1 in the AKI group was significantly higher than the non-AKI group [(808.3±555.3) pg/ml vs. (318.4±234.0) pg/ml, P<0.05] and no significant differences existed between the two groups at admission, 48 h and 1 w after birth. The AUC of NGAL predicting AKI at admission, 24 h, 48 h and 1w after birth were 0.804 (95% CI 0.573~1.000), 0.792 (95% CI 0.580~1.000), 0.732 (95% CI 0.517~0.947) and 0.551(95% CI 0.371~0.730), respectively. The AUC of KIM-1 predicted AKI at admission, 24 h, 48 h and 1 w after birth was 0.860 (95% CI 0.676~1.000), 0.824 (95% CI 0.655~0.993), 0.768 (95% CI 0.622~0.914), 0.622 (95% CI 0.392~0.852), respectively. Conclusion:At admission, 24 h and 48 h after birth, urine NGAL and KIM-1, as kidney injury markers, may predict the occurrence of AKI after severe neonatal asphyxia.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908269

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of the family-centered nursing model and home care platform in PICC nursing of elderly tumor patients, in order to provide reference for PICC nursing of elderly tumor patients.Methods:A total of 122 elderly tumor patients admitted to Boao Hengda International Hospital, Hainan Province from October 2017 to October 2019 were selected and divided into control group (61 cases) and observation group (61 cases) according to the random number table method. The control group received routine care. The observation group combined family-centered care with home care platform for nursing intervention. Before and 3 months after intervention, the self-management ability, quality of life and mental resilience of the two groups were evaluated by Cancer Patients PICC Self-Management scale(CPPMS), 36-item Short Form Health Survey(SF-36) and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale(CD-RISC). The incidence of complications during the observation period and service volume was recorded.Results:There was no significant difference in the score of CPPMS,SF-36, CD-RISC before intervention between the two groups( P>0.05). The CPPSM scores of the observation group and the control group after intervention were (144.21±8.93) points and (125.85±10.52) points, the difference was statistically significant ( t value was 10.392, P<0.05). The scores of social function, life vitality, physical pain, physical function, physical role limitation, emotional role limitation, mental health and overall health were (70.34±5.96),(68.27±5.01),(63.46±4.57),(58.53±5.78),(59.74±6.49),(60.32±5.69),(59.83±6.72),(66.58±6.76) points in the observation group, and (65.32±6.04), (65.33±6.57), (58.35±4.92), (54.51±4.82), (55.64±6.12), (54.59±6.42), (55.67±5.06), (62.14±4.77) points in the control group, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.779-5.943, P<0.05). The CD-RISC scores of the observation group and the control group after intervention were (82.41±8.79) points and (73.39±7.64) points, the difference was statistically significant ( t value was 6.049, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the complication rate between the two groups ( P>0.05). The number of calls, consultations, and door-to-door services were (6.77±1.27), (6.34±1.92), (2.58±0.52) times/person in the observation group, and (4.52± 1.48), (4.06±1.41), (2.03±0.19) times/person in the control group, the difference was statistically significant( t values were 9.011, 7.475, 7.759, P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with conventional care, the family-centered care model and home care platform have higher application value in elderly patients with PICC oncology, which can effectively improve the PICC management ability and quality of life of patients, and further improve the psychological flexibility. It is worthy of promotion and application.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1703-1707, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906569

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the trend of percentile changes in body composition among children and adolescents aged 7 to 18 by gender and age, and to provide a scientific basis for reference value.@*Methods@#A stratified cluster random sampling method was used to select 1 585 children and adolescents from September to December 2020. Use the GAMLSS to estimate the P 25 , P 50 and P 75 percentile value of gender, age specific body fat percentage (BF%), fat mass index (FMI) and fat free mass (FFM).@*Results@#In different age groups, body fat percentage of boys with normal nutritional status peaked at around 10-year old, among them, body fat percentage of 10-year old P 25 , P 50 and P 75 were 22.2%, 26.1% and 30.1%, respectively. Body fat percentage of obese boys was at a high level. Among girls, body fat percentage under different nutritional status did not change. With the increase of age, fat mass index plateaued slightly in normal and overweight boys. However, in obese boys, with the increase of age, FMI gradually increased with the increase of percentile, while the value of FMI gradually decreased in girls. Whether in boys or girls, with the increase of age, fat free mass index shows an increasing trend, and boys increase faster.@*Conclusion@#Under different nutritional status, there are differences in the percentile value of body fat percentage, fat mass index and fat free mass by gender and age, which can provide a scientific basis for reference value of body composition in children and adolescents.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906229

ABSTRACT

Sojae Semen Germinatum was firstly recorded in Shennong Bencaojing, and it has a long history of edible and medicinal use. Most ancient medical practitioners described that Sojae Semen Germinatum was processed with black soya bean, while some others recorded that Sojae Semen Germinatum was processed with black soya bean and soybean or with soybean only. In modern times, black soya bean and soybean are both used. Before the Northern and Southern dynasties, the germination process of Sojae Semen Germinatum was mostly soil culture, and then changed into water culture later. The medicinal part of Sojae Semen Germinatum may also change from the initial aboveground part to the whole processed products including the soybean and the bud. The bud length was used to control the processing ending of Sojae Semen Germinatum, but there were different views of the bud length in ancient and modern times. Before the Tang dynasty, Sojae Semen Germinatum was mostly used directly. Since the Tang dynasty, various subsequent processed products of Sojae Semen Germinatum appeared. Most ancient medical practitioners confirmed that Sojae Semen Germinatum was sweet flavor, neutral in nature and non-toxic, and the mainstream believed that it belonged to the spleen, lung and stomach meridians. However, there were different opinions on its efficacy of relieving exterior syndrome by diaphoresis. In this paper, the evolution of Sojae Semen Germinatum was explored after consulting all kinds of ancient books, its historical name, processing history, quality evaluation and others were systematically summarized in order to clarify its historical development and lay a good foundation for the clinical use and further development of Sojae Semen Germinatum.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906218

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences of main components of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix,Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt. Method:A total of 83 batches samples were collected in the market, including 41 batches of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix,32 batches of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and 10 batches of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with salt. The contents of main components were determined with high performance liquid chromatography coupled with four-pole tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS),and the differences were analyzed. Result:The main components of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix and Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with salt were fructo-oligosaccharides (GF<italic>n</italic>),monotropein. The main components of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming were fructose,glucose,sucrose,and monotropein. The main differences of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix and<italic> </italic>Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt were the contents of fructose,glucose,sucrose and GF2-GF11. The contents of GF2-GF11 in Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt were all lower than those in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix,with extremely significant differences(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The contents of fructose,glucose and sucrose in<italic> </italic>Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming were significantly higher than those in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix. The content of GF3 in each batch was higher than 40.0 mg·g<sup>-1</sup> in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix and Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with salt,and significantly higher than the limit in<italic> Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic>. However,there were only a few batches of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming in line with the requirements of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic>. The contents of monotropein in processing Morindae Officinalis Radix and Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt were 42.6,39.8,32.3 mg·g<sup>-1</sup>,respectively. The content of monotropein in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix was higher than that in Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming. The content of monotropein in Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming was higher than that in Morindae Officinalis Radix<italic> </italic>processed with salt. Compared with the components of GF2-GF11,the effect of processing with steaming process and/or salt on monotropein content was relatively less. Conclusion:The contents of GF2-GF11 components in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix were converted into fructose,glucose and sucrose after processing with steaming and/or salt. The results showed that the content limit of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming needs to be revised in line with the requirements of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>for the quality control of Morindae Officinalis Radix. The results provide a reference basis for revising the quality standards and studying the pharmacodynamic material basis of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix,Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897885

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Exposure to the herbicide glyphosate during pregnancy and lactation may increase the risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring. Recently, we reported that maternal exposure of formulated glyphosate caused ASD-like behaviors in juvenile offspring. Here, we investigated whether maternal exposure of pure glyphosate could cause ASD-like behaviors in juvenile offspring. @*Methods@#Water or 0.098% glyphosate was administered as drinking water from E5 to P21 (weaning). Behavioral tests such as grooming test and three-chamber social interaction test in male offspring were performed from P28 to P35. @*Results@#Male offspring showed ASD-like behavioral abnormalities (i.e., increasing grooming behavior and social interaction deficit) after maternal exposure of glyphosate. @*Conclusion@#The findings suggest that the exposure of glyphosate during pregnancy and lactation may cause ASD-like behavioral abnormalities in male juvenile offspring. It is likely that glyphosate itself, but not the other ingredients, may contribute to ASD-like behavioral abnormalities in juvenile offspring.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922059

ABSTRACT

This article introduces the safety risks of the novel light-based home-use hair removal device, and analyzes the differences in regulation among China, the United States and the European Union. In China, household intense pulsed light hair removal devices will also be supervised in accordance with medical device regulations. Therefore, the safety standards adopted in the absence of specific regulations are no longer applicable to the new regulatory requirements. It is imperative to adopt the new standards available to home photoepilators, so as to ensure the safety and effectiveness of the approved devices.


Subject(s)
China , European Union , Hair Removal , Reference Standards , United States
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2647-2655, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921147

ABSTRACT

Cell death occurs in various tissues and organs in the body. It is a physiological or pathological process that has different effects. It is of great significance in maintaining the morphological function of cells and clearing abnormal cells. Pyroptosis, apoptosis, and necrosis are all modes of cell death that have been studied extensively by many experts and scholars, including studies on their effects on the liver, kidney, the heart, other organs, and even the whole body. The heart, as the most important organ of the body, should be a particular focus. This review summarizes the mechanisms underlying the various cell death modes and the relationship between the various mechanisms and heart diseases. The current research status for heart therapy is discussed from the perspective of pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cardiovascular Diseases , Humans , Necrosis , Pyroptosis
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890181

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Exposure to the herbicide glyphosate during pregnancy and lactation may increase the risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring. Recently, we reported that maternal exposure of formulated glyphosate caused ASD-like behaviors in juvenile offspring. Here, we investigated whether maternal exposure of pure glyphosate could cause ASD-like behaviors in juvenile offspring. @*Methods@#Water or 0.098% glyphosate was administered as drinking water from E5 to P21 (weaning). Behavioral tests such as grooming test and three-chamber social interaction test in male offspring were performed from P28 to P35. @*Results@#Male offspring showed ASD-like behavioral abnormalities (i.e., increasing grooming behavior and social interaction deficit) after maternal exposure of glyphosate. @*Conclusion@#The findings suggest that the exposure of glyphosate during pregnancy and lactation may cause ASD-like behavioral abnormalities in male juvenile offspring. It is likely that glyphosate itself, but not the other ingredients, may contribute to ASD-like behavioral abnormalities in juvenile offspring.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888045

ABSTRACT

Lycii Cortex, the dry root bark of Lycium barbarum(Solanaceae), is rich in chemical compositions with unique structures, such as organic acids, lipids, alkaloids, cyclopeptides and other components, and plays an important role in traditional Chinese medicine. It has the effect of cooling blood and removing steam, clearing lung and reducing fire. It is mainly used in the treatment of hot flashes due to Yin deficiency, hectic fever with night sweat, cough, hemoptysis and internal heat and diabetes. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that the crude extract or monomer of Lycii Cortex has a variety of pharmacological activities, such as hypoglycemic, hypotensive, hypolipidemic, antibacterial, and antiviral effects. In this paper, the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Cortex Lycii were reviewed in order to further clarify its effective substances, promote the development of medical undertakings, and ensure the "Healthy China" plan.


Subject(s)
China , Hypoglycemic Agents , Lycium , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Bark
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