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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of five-element acupuncture on the cognitive function repair of migraine patients with depression/anxiety disorder.@*METHODS@#The migraine patients with depression/anxiety disorder (19 cases, 5 cases dropped off) were taken as the observation group, and received five-element acupuncture twice a week for 8 weeks. Healthy subjects (19 cases) were selected by demographic data matching as the control group. The cognitive function was evaluated with the event related potential (ERP) technique, and the latency and amplitude of visual evoked potential P300 were adopted as the observation indexes. The headache days (every 4 weeks), headache intensity [visual analogue scale(VAS) score], and headache impact test-6 (HIT-6) score, Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) score and Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) score were used as the observation indexes for curative effect.@*RESULTS@#Before the treatment, latency of target stimulus at Fz [ (417.5±34.3) ms] in the observation group was extended compared with the healthy subjects of the control group [(388.6±42.1) ms, @*CONCLUSION@#There are some cognitive impairments in migraine patients with depression/anxiety disorder. Five-element acupuncture not only relieves headache, anxiety and depression effectively, but also improves the activation level of the frontal lobe. It significantly repairs the impaired cognitive function.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Anxiety Disorders , Cognition , Depression/therapy , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Humans , Migraine Disorders/therapy , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849857

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between the TM6SF2 rs58542926 polymorphism and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Qingdao Han Population, and the molecular mechanism of TM6SF2 167 locus polymorphism affecting lipid metabolism. Methods We genotyped a cohort of NAFLD patients (NAFLD group) treated in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from Octorber 2016 to November 2017 and 451 healthy controls (control group) matched for age and sex by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. Distribution of genotypes and allele frequencies of TM6SF2 rs58542926 and the relative risk of NAFLD were assessed. In addition, we concentrated the lentivirus of TM6SF2-mutant type and TM6SF2-wild type and transfected into Hepa1-6 cells. The concentration of lipid indicators and the expressions of SREBP-1c mRNA and protein were determined. Results There were significant differences in the genotype and allele frequencies of TM6SF2 rs58542926 polymorphism between the NAFLD and control group (P<0.001). Carriers of T allele had significantly increased susceptibility to NAFLD (OR=2.327, 95%CI: 1.542-3.513, P<0.001). Total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) contents of the TM6SF2-mutant type group were both increased to high levels when compared with the TM6SF2-wild type group (P<0.001). Furthermore, the expression levels of sterol regulatory element-binding transcription factor 1c (SREBP-1c) mRNAs and protein of the TM6SF2-mutant type group were significantly increased when compared with either of the TM6SF2-wild type group (P<0.001). Conclusions The TM6SF2 rs58542926 polymorphism is associated with risk of NAFLD in Qingdao Han Population. Furthermore, the mutant T allele at TM6SF2 167 locus may regulate the hepatic lipid metabolism through increasing the expression of SREBP-1c.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256022

ABSTRACT

To explore the clinical application features of Qingkailing injection for adolescent patients. This study was based on the information from the hospitalized patients in 1998-2011 in HIS (hospital information system) of 16 tertiary hospitals in China. 615 adolescent patients with Qingkailing injection were used to investigate the clinical characteristics of Qingkailing injection. Apriori algorithm was adopted to establish the model, and Clementine 12.0 was used for correlation analysis. The results showed that male patients (355 cases) were more than female patients (243 cases); the age of the most patients was under 14 years old, with an average age of 9.40 years old; the hospital stay was most of 4-7 d; the patients were mostly concentrated in pediatrics, mainly including upper respiratory tract infection; outpatient admission to the majority (451 cases, accounting for 75.54%). The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome mainly included phlegm-dampness internal resistance (38.46%), Qi and Yin Deficiency (11.54%), Liver qi stagnation (15.38%), and Yang deficiency syndrome (11.54%); the highest admission rate was during Slight Cold (13.01%). In combined application, the most common western medicine pair was Cephalosporin injection+vitamin C (with supporting rate of 24.6%) and the most common TCM pair was Shuanghuanglian+Ganmao Qingre granules (with supporting rate of 4.065%). The most common 3 western medicines in combined use were Potassium chloride injection+Cephalosporin injection+vitamin C (supporting rate of 15.93%); while the most common three Chinese medicines were Shuanghuanglian+Yunnan Baiyao+Ganmao Qingre granules (supporting rate of 1.138%). Qingkailing injection was also widely used in adolescent patients; the diagnosis and use were basically in line with the instructions; men were slightly more than women; age of onset, solar terms and TCM syndromes were highly consistent. Qingkailing injection was mainly combined with western medicines in combined drug use, and Chinese medicines were also available. Combined drug use was more reasonable. Based on the results of the real world HIS, Qingkailing injection could provide the idea and reference for regulating the medication in adolescent patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 563-572, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349557

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) commonly infects the general population and has been associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), which has a high incidence in certain regions. This study aimed to address how EBV variations contribute to the risk of NPC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using logistic regression analysis and based on the sequence variations at EBV-encoded RPMS1, a multi-stage association study was conducted to identify EBV variations associated with NPC risk. A protein degradation assay was performed to characterize the functional relevance of the RPMS1 variations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Based on EBV-encoded RPMS1 variations, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the EBV genome (locus 155391: G>A, named G155391A) was associated with NPC in 157 cases and 319 healthy controls from an NPC endemic region in South China [P < 0.001, odds ratio (OR) = 4.47, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.71-7.37]. The results were further validated in three independent cohorts from the NPC endemic region (P < 0.001, OR = 5.20, 95% CI 3.18-8.50 in 168 cases vs. 241 controls, and P < 0.001, OR = 5.27, 95% CI 4.06-6.85 in 726 cases vs. 880 controls) and a non-endemic region (P < 0.001, OR = 7.52, 95% CI 3.69-15.32 in 58 cases vs. 612 controls). The combined analysis in 1109 cases and 2052 controls revealed that the SNP G155391A was strongly associated with NPC (P(combined) < 0.001, OR = 5.27, 95% CI 4.31-6.44). Moreover, the frequency of the SNP G155391A was associated with NPC incidence but was not associated with the incidences of other EBV-related malignancies. Furthermore, the protein degradation assay showed that this SNP decreased the degradation of the oncogenic RPMS1 protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our study identified an EBV variation specifically and significantly associated with a high risk of NPC. These findings provide insights into the pathogenesis of NPC and strategies for prevention.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma , Case-Control Studies , China , Epidemiology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Epidemiology , Virology , Female , Genetic Association Studies , Genome, Viral , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Genetics , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Virology , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Pilot Projects , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Risk Assessment , Methods , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Viral Proteins , Genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279215

ABSTRACT

Through morphological observation, HE staining, TRAP staining and toluidine blue staining of bone resorption pits to identify osteoclasts which obtained by 1α, 25-(OH)2 VitD3 inducing rabbit bone marrow cells. Three indicators-TRAP staining, TRAP enzyme activity detecting and the number and area of bone resorption pits were adapted to detect the effect of Sargentodoxae caulis on the activity of osteoclasts. Culturing MC3T3-E1 Subclong 14 cells and detecting the effect of S. caulis on differentiation and proliferation of them by MTT and detecting the alkaline phosphatase in cells. The results show that all of the low, middle and high doses of water and alcohol extracts of S. caulis have significant inhibition on osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption ability in a dose-dependent manner. The low and middle doses of water and alcohol extracts of S. caulis can stimulate differentiation and proliferation of MC3T3-ElSubclone 14 cells, which indicates S. caulis can prevent osteoporosis and the function could be achieved by inhibiting osteoclast activity and promoting the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Resorption , Drug Therapy , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , Mice , Osteoclasts , Cell Biology , Rabbits
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316131

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between CYP1A1 gene polymorphisms and susceptibility of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Cantonese nuclear families through family-based association study.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 457 Cantonese nuclear families,consisting of 2134 members, were recruited as subjects. Each family included two parents and at least one offspring with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in CYP1A1 named m1 (rs4646903) and m2 (rs1048943), were genotyped by PCR-RFLP assay and verified by directly sequencing. The genotype data were analyzed with family-based association test (FBAT) software to check the linkage and association between the two genetic markers and susceptibility of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>FBAT analysis showed that the minor allele frequencies (MAF) of the two SNP were 0.442 (C) and 0.339 (G) respectively. For m1 polymorphism in CYP1A1 gene was not significantly associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma in our study population whether stratified with VCA-IgA or not (without stratification: chi2 = 2.399, P = 0.301; with stratification: low-titer group (VCA-IgA <1:80), MAF = 0.457 (C), chi2 = 1.221, P = 0.543; high-titer group (VCA-IgA > or = 1:80), MAF = 0.427 (C), chi2 =2.832, P = 0.243) . For m2 polymorphism, when VCA-IgA <1:80, the G allele showed decreased transmission under additive and dominant model (MAF = 0.347 (G); Zadditive = -2.120, Padditive = 0.034; Zdominant = - 2.303, Pdominant = 0.021) and a boundary P value was got with global statistic (chi2 = 5.394, P = 0.067) . Haplotype TG (0.057), constructed by m1 and m2, might decrease nasopharyngeal carcinoma risk (Z= -2.002, P=0.045). A boundary P value was also got with global statistic (chi2 =7.067, P=0.070).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There was no statistical significance between m1 polymorphism and susceptibility of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Cantonese nuclear families. And this study showed that m2 polymorphism might associated with the decrease of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Cantonese nuclear families.</p>


Subject(s)
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 , Genetics , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Haplotypes , Humans , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242656

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the difference between familial and sporadic nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients on risk factors and family history and provide evidence on genetic counseling and screening strategy for relatives of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients in Guangdong province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The Cantonese nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients diagnosed in Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University from October, 2005 to October, 2007 were recruited as subjects. 1877 patients were collected, including 181 familial nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients and 1696 sporadic nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients. The demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics, risk factors and family history between two groups were compared. Moreover, the distribution of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients in first-degree relatives and the time interval between proband and the affected first-degree relatives in familial nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 9.64% of 1877 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients had affected relatives in first-degree relatives, among them, 58.49% (124/212) were siblings and 41.51% (88/212) were parents. The mean time interval between siblings and proband were (7.40 +/- 5.41) years while the mean time interval between parents and proband were (15.55 +/- 10.61) years when nasopharyngeal carcinoma occurred, and the difference was statistically significant (t = -5.78, P < 0.01). More than 80% patients of the two group were at advanced stage when they were diagnosed. There were no difference (P values were all > 0.05) both in adulthood and childhood in salted fish (OR = 1.01; 95% CI: 0.59 - 1.75 vs OR = 1.31; 95% CI: 0.92 - 1.86), preserved vegetables (OR = 0.93; 95% CI: 0.58 - 1.49 vs OR = 1.12; 95% CI: 0.80 - 1.57), fermented pastes (OR = 0.37; 95% CI: 0.14 - 1.01 vs OR = 1.61; 95% CI: 0.99 - 2.48), fresh fruits (OR = 0.87; 95% CI: 0.60 - 1.26 vs OR = 0.65; 95% CI: 0.20 - 2.12) and cured meat (OR = 1.26; 95% CI: 0.87 - 1.83 vs OR = 1.28; 95% CI: 0.71 - 2.30) diet. No significant difference (P > 0.05) was obtained on smoking (OR = 0.99; 95% CI: 0.68 - 1.45) and incidence of other cancers in first-degree relatives (OR = 0.85; 95% CI: 0.56 - 1.28) in the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Familial nasopharyngeal carcinoma was 9.64% in the observed subjects. In the familial nasopharyngeal carcinoma, the time interval at diagnosis was shorter between proband and siblings as compared with parents. Most of the patients were at advanced stage. So, we recommend the first-degree relatives of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients, especially siblings, should be screened regularly according to the specific conditions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Epidemiology , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Genetics , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290204

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To test the association between XRCC1 gene polymorphisms and susceptibility of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Cantonese nuclear families through a family-based association study.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 2134 study subjects from 457 Cantonese nuclear families were recruited in the study. Each family had two parents and at least one offspring with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Genotyping for three single nucleotide polymorphisms in XRCC1 gene, including rs1799782 (C > T), rs25489 (G > A) and rs25487 (G > A), were performed with PCR-RFLP assay. The genotype data were analyzed with family-based association test (FBAT) software to check linkage and association between the three genetic markers and susceptibility of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>FBAT analysis showed XRCC1 gene genotypes and haplotypes were not significantly associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma in our study population (rs1799782: chi(2) = 1.006, P = 0.605; rs25489: chi(2) = 0.470, P = 0.790; rs25487: chi(2) = 2.563, P = 0.278; haplotype: chi(2) = 3.004, P = 0.557, global statistic). For rs25487, the G allele (major allele) showed increased transmission under dominant model (Z = 1.985, P = 0.047). Whereas the C allele (minor allele) exhibited reduced transmission under recessive model (Z = -1.985, P = 0.047). However, no increased/reduced transmission was observed under additive model and with global statistic.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There is no evidence of an association between polymorphisms in XRCC1 gene and susceptibility of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Cantonese nuclear families is observed in this study.</p>


Subject(s)
DNA Damage , DNA Repair , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pedigree , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Surveys and Questionnaires , X-ray Repair Cross Complementing Protein 1
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