Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 51
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 255-263, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999183

ABSTRACT

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy(DPN) is a neurodegenerative disease of diabetes mellitus involving peripheral nervous system damage, which is characterized by axonal degenerative necrosis, Schwann cell apoptosis and demyelination of nerve myelin sheath as the main pathological features, this disease is highly prevalent and is a major cause of disability in diabetic patients. Currently, the pathogenesis of DPN may be related to oxidative stress, inflammatory response, metabolic abnormality, and microcirculation disorder. The treatment of DPN in modern medicine mainly starts from controlling blood glucose, nourishing nerves and improving microcirculation, which can only alleviate the clinical symptoms of patients, and it is difficult to fundamentally improve the pathological damage of peripheral nerves. Mitochondrial quality control refers to the physiological mechanisms that can maintain the morphology and functional homeostasis of mitochondria, including mitochondrial biogenesis, mitochondrial dynamics, mitochondrial oxidative stress and mitochondrial autophagy, and abnormal changes of which may cause damage to peripheral nerves. After reviewing the literature, it was found that traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) can improve the low level of mitochondrial biogenesis in DPN, maintain the balance of mitochondrial dynamics, inhibit mitochondrial oxidative stress and mitochondrial autophagy, and delay apoptosis of Schwann cells and neural axon damage, which has obvious effects on the treatment of DPN. With the deepening of research, mitochondrial quality control may become one of the potential targets for the research of new anti-DPN drugs, therefore, this paper summarized the research progress of TCM in treating DPN based on four aspects of mitochondrial quality control, with the aim of providing a theoretical research basis for the discovery of new drugs.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 250-263, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978471

ABSTRACT

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is one of the complications of diabetes. It refers to a specific type of idiopathic cardiomyopathy that occurs in individuals with diabetes, distinct from other cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease, valvular heart disease, or congenital heart disease. It has also been identified as one of the leading causes of death in diabetic patients for many years. Research has shown that the pathogenesis of DCM is closely associated with insulin resistance, activation of various inflammatory responses, increased oxidative stress, impaired coronary microcirculation, and accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Among various inflammatory responses, the activation of the NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome can induce the secretion of a large amount of pro-inflammatory cytokines through the cascade reaction of inflammation, subsequently mediating cellular pyroptosis and promoting myocardial damage. Currently, extensive experimental studies on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) have been conducted in China and abroad based on the significant role of the NLRP3 inflammasome in the prevention and treatment of DCM. These studies have demonstrated that Chinese medicinal extracts, such as Astragalus polysaccharide and ginsenoside Rb1, single drugs like Coriolus and Cordyceps, and Chinese medicinal formulas like Didangtang and modified Taohe Chengqitang, as well as acupuncture and TCM exercise therapy, can regulate the relevant pathways of the NLRP3 inflammasome to inhibit its assembly or activation, reduce inflammatory responses, inhibit myocardial remodeling in DCM, and improve cardiac function. This article reviewed the relationship between the NLRP3 inflammasome and DCM, as well as the research progress on TCM in exerting anti-inflammatory effects in this field, aiming to provide new insights for the development of therapeutic approaches for DCM.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 203-212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973763

ABSTRACT

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is characterized by insidious onset, easy misdiagnosis, and progression to severe consequences such as diabetic foot ulcers, gangrene, and amputation. The main pathological features of DPN are nerve cell injuries, such as axonal degeneration and necrosis, segmental demyelination of nerve fibers, and apoptosis of Schwann cells. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway is a classical pathway that communicates intracellular and extracellular information and regulates biological activities such as cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, autophagy, and migration. It widely affects various cells related to DPN. In recent years, numerous studies have found that the sustained high glucose environment causes abnormalities in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. This, in turn, accelerates the occurrence and development of DPN by participating in the pathogenesis of DPN, such as glucose and lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, inflammation, autophagy, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. Therefore, regulating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway is crucial for the treatment of DPN. Currently, there is a lack of effective measures to slow down or reverse DPN in clinical practice. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has unique advantages in preventing and treating DPN with multiple targets, effects, and components. A large number of animal and clinical studies of TCM treatment of DPN have shown that the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway is an important target for TCM treatment of DPN. Regulating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway can promote myelin sheath repair and regeneration, delay the process of nerve cell death, and play a role in preventing and treating DPN. However, there is currently no systematic review and summary of this field in China and abroad. Therefore, this article summarized the regulation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and its role in the pathogenesis of DPN, as well as the intervention of effective components of single Chinese medicine or compounds on the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. This study is expected to provide a reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of DPN with TCM, basic research, and drug development.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6315-6323, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008830

ABSTRACT

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy(DPN) is a chronic complication resulted from peripheral nerve injury in the late stage of diabetes. It involves a variety of pathological changes such as oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, neuroinflammation, and apoptosis of Schwann cells(SCs). DPN is the main factor leading to lower limb disability or amputation in diabetic patients, with high incidence, long disease course, and poor prognosis. The modern medicine treatment of DPN mainly focuses on controlling blood glucose and improving microcirculation and nerve nutrition, which can only mitigate the clinical symptoms and not fundamentally reverse the pathological changes of peripheral nerves. Autophagy is a self-clearing mechanism that maintains cellular homeostasis by removing excess metabolites. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), featuring the holistic concept and syndrome differentiation, can treat chronic diseases in a multi-target, multi-pathway, and wide-range manner. Modern studies have shown that the occurrence and development of DPN are related to a variety of pathological changes, and autophagy is a key mechanism associated with DPN. The environment with persistent high glucose can lead to the inhibition or over-activation of peripheral nerve cells, which causes irreversible damage of nerve cells and the occurrence and development of DPN. Therefore, restoring autophagy balance and reducing nerve damage is one of the key ways to treat DPN. The recent studies have confirmed that some active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicines and TCM compound prescriptions can inhibit the oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, mitochondrial damage, inflammation, and apoptosis of SCs in DPN by regulating the autophagy pathway, thus playing a role in the prevention and treatment of DPN. However, the systematic induction in this field remains to be carried out. This paper reviewed the relevant literature, explained the mechanism of TCM in the prevention and treatment of DPN by regulating autophagy, and summarized the potential targets of TCM in the treatment of DPN, with a view to providing new ideas for clinical research and drug development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autophagy , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Neuropathies/complications , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Oxidative Stress , Schwann Cells/pathology
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 220-225, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872780

ABSTRACT

A good neural microenvironment is an important basis for improving the damaged nerves and promoting axonal repair and regeneration. The destruction of neural microenvironment, closely related to the lack of neurotrophic factors, microcirculation disorders and immune abnormalities, is the key pathogenesis leading to diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). In traditional Chinese medicine, disharmony between Ying and Wei is considered as the key pathology in the development of DPN. It may be manifested as Ying and Wei deficiency, or Ying and Wei impassability, or Ying, Wei, Qi and blood intersection disorders, all of which may cause body fluid condensed into phlegm, blood into blood stasis, further leading to the mutual knot of phlegm and blood stasis, meridian obstruction, numbness and pain of limbs. "Regulating Ying and Wei and tonifying spleen and stomach" is the main therapeutic idea to promote intersection between Ying and Wei and unblock Qi and blood. The method has a significant effect on DPN. However, the current studies on the mechanism of regulating Ying and Wei in the treatment of DPN are still in lack of in-depth discussion, and the studies are mostly limited to the microcirculation disorders. Numerous studies have confirmed that the courses and distribution, physiological characteristics, functions of Ying and Wei are closely related to nerve, immune, metabolic substances and microcirculation. Based on the modern medicine essence of Ying and Wei, the author thinks that the discussion on connotation of the Ying and Wei from the perspective of neural microenvironment has a scientific basis, and regulating Ying and Wei is not only inherited from the traditional Chinese medicine theory, but also conforms to the modern understanding on DPN pathogenesis and treatment. Regulating Ying and Wei and smoothing middle-jiao can improve neural microenvironment and give play to the role of restoring damaged nerve, and its mechanism may be related to regulating neurotrophic factors, immune active substances, metabolites, and microcirculation dysfunction.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Pediatrics ; (12): 763-767, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817925

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To research an appropriate estrogen therapy for in the pubertal development in Turner syndrome(TS)achievedbyestradiolvalerate.METHODS: In 57 TS girls of no spontaneous puberty or puberty arrest,we retrospectively studied pubertalstageanduterinedimensionduringtheestrogenreplacementtherapy.Datafrompatientrecordswascollected,described thepubertaldevelopingprocedure,and compared in groups which grouped by estrogen dosage to detect an appropriate dosage andthatcanleadabetterbreastanduterinedevelopment.RESULTS: The median age at start of puberty induction was 15.00 years,witharangeof11.5-21.0 years.(1)Breast development:Breast development to Tanner stage B2 was achieved in 0.29(0.25-0.33)years,stage B3 in 0.75(0.46,1.08)years,stage B4 in 2.20(0.92,3.08)years and B5 in 3.67(1.71,4.44)years.(2)Uterine development:The uterine volume and length in TS girls before treatment was 0.51(0.14,0.86)ml and 1.89(1.23,2.18)cm. We groupedthepatientsofTannerstageB2 ingroupsofestrogendosage≤0.5 mg/dand>0.5 mg/d and the uterine dimension and weightshowednodifference.Whenthepatientsweregroupedasgroupsofdosage<1.0 mg/d and group of dosage≥1.0 mg/d in stageB3,the uterine indexes in lower dosage group were less than group with larger dosage. When they were grouped as groups ofdosage<1.5 mg/d and ≥1.5 mg/d,the uterine volume 6.96(3.15-11.00)ml in lower dosage group was smaller than that in group withlargerdosage.CONCLUSION: During estrogen treatment in TS girls,normal breast development can be achieved. In a clinical setting,the uterine volume and length under pubertal induction developed properly with the breast stages progressing. when the breastdevelopedtostageB2,the uterine development was more dependable on estrogen. We recommend a low daily beginning estrogendosageuntilstageB2,which can be increased gradually after B2 to speed up the uterine development.

7.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 339-343, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694678

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve clinically the recognition of fungal infection associated with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in children. Methods Clinical data of 3 children with fungal infection complicated with HLH in our hospital was retrospectively analyzed. Results All the 3 cases complained of recurrent fever, 2 cases with cough and one case with vomiting. Hepatosplenomagaly and lymphadenectasis were found in the medical examination. The time of diagnosis of fungal infection through etiological examination was 5 days after admission. It was further diagnosed as hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis after failure of effective antifungal therapy. Routine blood test showed the counts of leukocytes were increased in early stage, while the number of platelets and hemoglobin decreased in different degrees. The recovery is not satisfactory using antifungal therapy alone, and 2 of them are gradually aggravated and treated with mechanical ventilation. On the basis of antifungal therapy, 2 cases were treated under HLH-2004 regimen, 1 received dexamethasone treatment. All the 3 cases received intravenous immune globulin, and showed improvement. Conclusions Fungal infection complicated with HLH in childhood is rare. The effect of simple antifungal therapy on the progression is limited. However, increasing immunosuppressive therapy based on effective antifungal therapy can improve the prognosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 969-972, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700657

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand students' attitude changes before and after they started their internships in the department of psychiatry and evaluate their teachers' teaching methods. Methods Using a self-made questionnaire of Psychiatric Internship Attitude that has passed the reliability and validity test, from 2015 to 2016, a total of 208 undergraduate students in the clinical medicine mental health direction of Chongqing Medical University were selected through cluster random sampling to investigate their attitude changes towards psychiatry before and after they started their internships. At the end of their internships, another self-made Psychiatric Teach Evaluation Forming Questionnaire of the reliability and validity test was used to preliminarily evaluate the students' assessment of the teaching situation of their teachers during the internship. Results Before the internships, through the survey we found that 44.2% of the students felt nervous, 37.0% fearful, 57.2% compassionate, and the percentage of students who were willing to work in the department of psychiatry is only 41.4%. Through investigation, teachers carried out the teaching work with targeted goals, at the end of the internship the tension and fear decreased to 0.0%, the proportion of empathy rose to 78.4%, and the differences are statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The students' attitude survey at the beginning of their internship can help teachers improve their teaching attitudes, con-cepts and methods, and make students' negative attitudes towards mental patients and psychiatry significantly reduce.

9.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 420-426, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712968

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To analyze blood lipid and its related factors in Chinese children and adolescents with Turner syndrome.[Methods] The untreated TS patients were divided into two groups according to age (<11 years old and 11~15 years old) and enrolled two groups of age-matched control girls,blood lipid and the incidence of dyslipidemia were compared between the four groups,the related factors of blood lipid were also analyzed.Moreover,TS patients were divided into two groups according to karyotype,including 45,XO karyotype (55 cases) and other karyotypes (53 cases),blood lipid and the incidence of dyslipidemia in two groups were compared.[Result] Compared to age-matched control girls,TS patients of age 11~15 years group had higher TG levels and higher incidence of hypertriglyceridemia and borderline-hypertriglyceridemia (P<0.05) and the incidence of borderline-hypercholesterolemia was also significantly higher (P<0.01).But there were no differences in blood lipid level,incidence of dyslipidemia and the incidence of borerline-dyslipidemia between TS patients who were less than 11 years old and age-matched control girls.Total cholesterol of TS patients was negatively related to bone age (P<0.05).Triglyceride of TS patients was positively related to waist circumference (P<0.01).TS patients of 45,XO karyotype had lower TG levels,higher HDL levels and lower incidence of low HDL,borderline-high non-HDL and borderline-hypertriglyceridemia compared with those of other karyotypes (P<0.05).[Conclusions] Triglyceride in TS patients of age 11-15 years were higher than the control subjects,which may be related to estrogen deficiency and chromosome karyotype.

10.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 386-392, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712963

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To investigate the effect of letrozole on the reproductive function and linear growth in the early and mid pubertal boys.[Methods] 43 early and middle pubertal boy with seriously damaged predict adult height,treated with letrozole 1.5 mg/m2/d Po ((>)2.5mg/d) were enrolled as treatment group.48 cases of healthy pubertal boys were enrolled as control.Growth parameters,sex hormone profiles,IGF-1,AMH and Inhibin B (INHB) were elevated at the beginning and after letrozole treatment.[Results] At baseline,no significant differences appeared in age,bone age,observation time,height for chronological age,height for bone age,midparental target height,BMI,or testis volume between two groups.After intervention,treatment group of bone age delayed,predict adult height increased,testicular volume increased and BMI increased compared with the control group (P=0.001,0.018,0.002,and 0.027,respectively).The serum FSH,△FSH,LH,△LH,LH/FSH,T,and △T in the treatment groups were much higher (all P<0.001),while the serum E2 and △ E2 levels were obviously lower than the control group (P=0.043 and P=0.033,respectively).17 cases of control group and 13 cases of treatment group had serum AMH,INHB level tested before and after letrozole treatment.Serum AMH level in the control group appeared with a decreasing trend with the progress of puberty,while the treatment group showed the opposite tendency.And the △ AMH was significant difference between control group and treatment group (P<0.001).The serum INHB in the two groups increased in varying degrees after the intervention,the INHB level in control group increased more than the treatment group,but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.517).[Conclusion] Letrozole treatment can elevated levels of serum T with E2 reduce,bone age delay,predict adult height improved,and can obviously promote the secondary sex characters development in adolescent boys.And the longer letrozole treatment time,the more obvious growth effect.As to the reproductive function,letrozole may have inhibitory effect on testis maturity and cannot deny testis sertoli cells function affected with letrozole exposure.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 19-25, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510913

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristic of fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuation (fALFF) and the relationship with the severity of depression, suicidal ideation and suicide risk in depression patients with suicidal ideation with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). Methods Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging maps were conducted using fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuation (fALFF) in 52 depression patients (30 with suicidal ideation and 22 without) and 21 healthy controls (HCs). The severity of depression was evaluat-ed by using Hamilton Depression scale(HAMD). The suicidal ideation, the suicide risk in depression patients with sui-cidal ideation were both assessed by the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation. The correlation between the fALFF value and the score of HAMD and the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation was analyzed. Results MRI revealed significant differences in fALFF in the left superior/middle occipital gyrus and the right middle/inferior occipital gyrus (P<0.05, AlphaSim cor-rected)between depression patients with suicidal ideation and the HCs. Compared to the HCs, depression patients with-out suicidal ideation showed a higher fALFF in the left middle occipital gyrus (P<0.05, AlphaSim corrected). MRI re-vealed significant differences in fALFF in the left middle occipital gyrus (P<0.01, AlphaSim corrected)and the right mid-dle occipital gyrus (P<0.01, AlphaSim corrected) between depression patients with suicidal ideation and without. The fALFF of left middle occipital gyrus (r=0.366, P=0.046) and right middle occipital gyrus (r=0.513, P=0.004) were posi-tively correlated with the scores of HAMD, respectively whereas were not correlated with suicidal ideation and suicide risk. Conclusions Depression patients with suicidal ideation have an abnormal spontaneous activity in their left and right middle occipital gyrus. The increased activity in these brain areas are probably associated with the severity of de-pression whereas are not associated with suicidal ideation or suicide risk.

12.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 1640-1643, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665381

ABSTRACT

Objective·To investigate the relationship between quantitative indices of carotid plaques from contrast-enhanced ultrasound and leukocytes, and explore the value in the patients with acute large artery atherosclerotic stroke (LAAS). Methods·A total of 62 patients with LAAS and 48 matched control subjects hospitalized in Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University from June 2016 to June 2017 were enrolled. Obvious carotid plaques were examined by contrast-enhanced ultrasound. The parameters of time-intensity curve i.e. peak (PTIC) and mean (MTIC), and the parameters of fitting curve i.e. peak (PFC), sharpness (SFC), and under the curve area (AUCFC) were obtained. These parameters were compared between the groups using two samples t tests. The correlations between the parameters and leukocyte counts were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis. Results·① In LAAS group, the total leukocyte and neutrophil counts were higher than those of the control group, while the lymphocyte count was lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). ② The PTIC, MTIC, PFC, SFC and AUCFC were significantly larger in LAAS group than those in the control group, respectively (P<0.05).③ PTIC, MTIC and PFC were negatively correlated with lymphocytes, respectively (r=-0.291, -0.263 and -0.270, P<0.05). SFC and AUCFC were positively correlated with neutrophils, respectively (r=0.261 and 0.298, P<0.05). Conclusion·Quantitative indices of carotid plaques from contrast-enhanced ultrasound are associated with circulating leukocytes, and the association helps assess the vulnerability of the plaques.

13.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 579-589, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728754

ABSTRACT

Anesthetics are used extensively in surgeries and related procedures to prevent pain. However, there is some concern regarding neuronal degeneration and cognitive deficits arising from regular anesthetic exposure. Recent studies have indicated that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB) are involved in learning and memory processes. Genistein, a plant-derived isoflavone, has been shown to exhibit neuroprotective effects. The present study was performed to examine the protective effect of genistein against isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity in rats. Neonatal rats were exposed to isoflurane (0.75%, 6 hours) on postnatal day 7 (P7). Separate groups of rat pups were orally administered genistein at doses of 20, 40, or 80 mg/kg body weight from P3 to P15 and then exposed to isoflurane anesthesia on P7. Neuronal apoptosis was detected by TUNEL assay and FluoroJade B staining following isoflurane exposure. Genistein significantly reduced apoptosis in the hippocampus, reduced the expression of proapoptotic factors (Bad, Bax, and cleaved caspase-3), and increased the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL. RT-PCR analysis revealed enhanced BDNF and TrkB mRNA levels. Genistein effectively upregulated cAMP levels and phosphorylation of CREB and TrkB, leading to activation of cAMP/CREB-BDNF-TrkB signaling. PI3K/Akt signaling was also significantly activated. Genistein administration improved general behavior and enhanced learning and memory in the rats. These observations suggest that genistein exerts neuroprotective effects by suppressing isoflurane-induced neuronal apoptosis and by activating cAMP/CREB-BDNF-TrkB-PI3/Akt signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Apoptosis , Body Weight , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Cognition Disorders , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Genistein , Hippocampus , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Isoflurane , Learning , Memory , Neurons , Neuroprotective Agents , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Phosphorylation , RNA, Messenger , Spatial Learning
14.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 55-59, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483472

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Tongluo Tangtai Recipe(TTR)on inflammatory cytokines in rats with diabetic peripheral neuropathy(DPN). Methods Rat model of spontaneous DPN was established by feeding high fat diet. The rats were divided into 5 groups , namely model group , western medicine(metformin 100 mg·kg-1·d-1+ methycobal 0.2 mg·kg-1·d-1) group, and low-, middle- and high-dose TTR groups (TTR in the dosage of 0.72, 1.44, 2.88 g·kg-1·d-1 respectively). Rats of the normal group and model group were treated with normal saline orally, and the medication groups were given the corresponding medicine according to the experimental design. After intragastric administration for 4 weeks, sciatic motor/sensory nerve conduction velocity was detected with electrophysiological examination method, and tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6), C-reactive protein(CRP), myelin basic protein(MBP) levels in the serum were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Results TTR in various dosages could reduce the serum levels of MBP and inflammatory cytokines of TNF-α, IL-6 and CRP, and increase sciatic nerve conduction velocity (P<0.05 or P<0.01 compared with those in the model group), the high dose showing the strongest effect. Conclusion TTR could inhibit inflammation reaction and nerve demyelination, and improve nerve structure and conduction function, which may contribute to the preventive and therapeutic mechanism of TTR for DPN.

15.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 989-992, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496303

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a simple diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) rat model with the high fat-fed in GK rats. Methods A total of 30 GK rats (7-8 weeks) were fed with high-fat diet to establish the DPN model. Thirty normal Wistar rats were fed with ordinary diet (control group). The blood-sugar value, body mass, water-intake and food-intake were monitored every week in two groups. The serum level of glycosylated hemoglobin, the right sciatic nerve conduction velocity were detected at 8, 12 and 16 weeks respectively. The left sciatic nerve was used for HE and TUNEL staining. Results The manifestations of polydipsia, polyphagia and growth retardation were gradually appeared in GK rats. After 12 and 16 weeks, the blood-sugar and glycosylated hemoglobin were significantly increased in GK rats compared with those of normal Wistar rats (P 0.05). The sciatic nerve pathological features and Schwann cell apoptosis suggested that the model of DPN was successfully established (apoptosis index, P <0.01). Conclusion GK rats fed by high-fat diet are the satisfactory models of the DPN in experimental research. And 12-week is a suitable and economical time for molding.

16.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 613-615, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460904

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between coping styles and childhood abuse in adult patients with depression . Methods A case‐control study was conducted between 80 adult patients with depression and 80 health controls .In general ques‐tionnaire was designed to collect the demo‐graphic information ,Childhood Trauma Questionnaire‐28 Item Short Form (CTQ‐SF) was used to assess childhood trauma and Trait Coping Styles Questionnaire (TCSQ) was assigned to evaluate coping styles .T test , Mann‐Whitney U test ,Spearman Bivariate correlations and Multiple linear regression were employed to explore the characteristics of the major depressive patients′coping styles and the association between childhood abuse .Results (1) The patients with depres‐sion had both statistically significantly higher scores on negative coping style (t=9 .13 ,P<0 .01) and lower scores on positive cop‐ing style (t= -12 .01 ,P<0 .01)than the controls with childhood abuse .The patients with childhood abuse had both statistically significantly higher scores on negative coping style(Z= -6 .134 ,P<0 .01) and lower scores on positive coping style(Z= -5 .452 , P<0 .01) than the controls with childhood abuse .Inside the group of patients with depression ,the patients who had childhood a‐buse gained significantly higher scores in negative coping style than the others who had no early trauma (Z= -2 .159 ,P<0 .05) , however ,no conspicuous differences were found on the positive coping style scores .(2)The childhood abuse was both significantly positive correlated with the passive coping and negative related to the active coping (r=0 .562 ,P<0 .01;r= -0 .333 ,P<0 .05)a‐mong the patients of depression .(3)The total degree of abuse and physical abuse had significant prediction function of 34 .4% (P<0 .01)on the patients′ negative coping .Conclusion The coping styles of patients with depression were prone to be influenced by childhood abuse remarkably ,more severe abuse ,especially with the physical abuse ,more negative the coping styles were .

17.
Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12): 95-97, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694470

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes and correlation of serum interleukin-17,-6 and-8 (IL-17,IL-6 and IL-8),c-reactive protein (CRP),tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD),and discuss the role and clinical significance of these factors in the occurrence and development of COPD.Methods 100 COPD patients were selected (COPD group),and 50 healthy elderly people in the same period in outpatient medical examination were served as control (control group).The levels ofIL-17,IL-6 and IL-8,CRP,TNF-α in serum were detected with ELISA method.Results The serum levels of IL-17,IL-6,IL-8,CRP and TNF-α of patients in COPD group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.01),and of patients with acute aggravating period were higher than those of patients with stable period (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).Pearson correlation analysis showed there were positive correlations among IL-17,IL-6,IL-8,CRP and TNF-α (P < 0.05) Conclusion The serum levels of IL-17,IL-6,IL-8,CRP and TNF-α of COPD patients have abnormal increased,and will increase with the rise of the illness severity.The above factors may be involved in the airway in patients with acute inflammatory reaction and the development process.

18.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 97-102, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259689

ABSTRACT

We investigated the baseline brain activity level in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) by am plitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) based on resting-state functional MRI (fMRI). We examined 13 patients in the MDD group and 14 healthy volunteers in the control group by resting-state fMRI on GE Signa 3.0T. We calculated and compared the ALFF values of the two groups. In the MDD group, ALFF values in the right medial prefrontal were higher than those in control group, with statistically significant differences (P < 0.001). ALFF values in the left parietal in the MDD group were lower than those in control group with statistically significant differences (P < 0.001). This resting-state fMRI study suggested that the alteration brain activity in the right medial prefrontal and left parietal ALFF contributed to the understanding of the pathophysiological mechanism of MDD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain , Brain Mapping , Case-Control Studies , Depressive Disorder, Major , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
19.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1078-1085, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294342

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of Shenqi Compound on diabetic angiopathy modeled rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 18 SD rats were randomized into 3 groups, i.e., the normal control group, the diabetic mellitus (DM) group, and Shenqi Compound group, 6 in each group. The DM rat model was established by feeding high-fat diet (to induce hyperlipidemia) +intraperitoneal injection of small dose streptozotocin (STZ). Shenqi Compound was given to rats in the Shenqi Compound group at the daily dose of 2 g/kg. Equal volume of normal saline was given to rats in the model group and the normal control group by gastrogavage. All treatment was lasted for 12 weeks. Then 2-D and ultrasonic integrated backscatter technique were used to evaluate structural and functional changes of abdominal aorta in the progression of diabetic macroangiopathy. The fibrosis degree of the aorta vessel and myocardium capillaries were observed by using HE and Masson trichrome staining. The tension of the aortic vascular ring was determined. The transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) mRNA expression was detected by real time PCR (RT-PCR). The protein expression of TGF-beta, collagen I, collagen III, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and phosphorylation P38 MAPK were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the normal control group, abdominal aortic systolic inner diameter, diastolic inner diameter, Peterson elastic modulus, stiffness index, and backscatter integral significantly increased; the rangeability of integral backscatter and the extension coefficient of cross section significantly decreased in the DM group (all P < 0.05). After 12 weeks aforesaid indices were obviously improved in the Shenqi Compound group (P < 0.05). Results of HE and Masson staining showed that the fibrosis degree of the aorta vessel and myocardium capillaries was obviously alleviated in rats of the Shenqi Compound group (P < 0.05). Results of the aortic vascular ring tension showed that acetylcholine induced vasodilatation and maximum diastolic percent were obviously elevated in the Shenqi Compound group (P < 0.05). Compared with the normal control group, the mRNA expression of TGF-beta, and the protein expression of TGF-beta, collagen I, and collagen III, and phosphorylation of P38 MAPK all significantly increased in the DM group (P < 0.05). Compared with the DM group, the mRNA expression of TGF-beta, and the protein expression of TGF-beta, collagen I, and collagen III, and phosphorylation of P38 MAPK all decreased (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Shenqi Compound could effectively improve the arterial function in diabetic marcoangiopathy and microvascular dysfunction. The mechanism might be due to the down-regulating the expression of TGF-beta, and further suppressing the phosphorylation of P38 MAPK, reducing the synthesis of collagen I and collagen III, therefore, ameliorating arterial and myocardial interstitial fibrosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Collagen Type III , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Diabetic Angiopathies , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 925-931, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329015

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical value and efficacy of reduced field intensity modulated radiation therapy (RF-IMRT) for patients with advanced cervical cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-one patients with stage IIB-IIIB cervical cancer, who underwent reduced field IMRT (RF-IMRT group) and 72 patients treated with conventional radiotherapy (c-RT group) in Shandong Cancer Hospital between 2005 August and 2011 August, were enrolled in this study. The RF-IMRT plans were as follows: whole pelvic IMRT plan was performed to deliver an initial dose of 30 Gy, then the irradiated volume was reduced to lymphatic drainage region as well as paracervix and parametrium for an additional 30 Gy boost. Conventional 2-field RT plan was performed in these patients using ADAC Pinnacle 3 planning system, to be given the same prescription dose, and to compare the irradiation dose of organs at risk (OARs). At the same time, conventional 2-field RT was performed in 72 patients of the c-RT group. Concurrent chemotherapy and intracavitary brachytherapy were also performed in the two groups. The treatment response, toxicities, normal tissue avoidance, and survival were assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Sixty-six patients of the RF-IMRT group and 65 patients of the c-RT group fulfilled the treatment plan. IMRT plans yielded better dose conformity to the target (0.711 ± 0.057 vs. 0.525 ± 0.062, P = 0.032) and better sparing of the rectum, bladder and small intestine (rectum: 41.6 ± 6.8 vs. 50.8 ± 3.2, P = 0.016; bladder: 40.2 ± 2.9 vs. 51.4 ± 1.8, P = 0.007; small intestine: 22.3 ± 2.6 vs. 35.8 ± 3.9, P = 0.004). The mean dose delivered to the planning target volume (PTV) was significantly higher in the RF-IMRT group than that in the c-RT group (60.8 vs. 51.2 Gy, P = 0.006). The RF-IMRT patients experienced significantly lower acute and chronic toxicities with comparable short-term effects than did those treated with conventional RT (P > 0.05). No significant differences were found between the two groups for 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates, while a significantly higher progression-free survival (PFS, 65.2% vs. 46.2%, P = 0.031) rate was observed in the RF-IMRT group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>RF-IMRT yields higher dose distributions and lower toxicities compared with conventional RT, and both the tumor target volume and pelvic lymphatic drainage region achieve curative dose irradiation, the adjacent organs at risk are well protected, and with tolerable adverse reactions. Yet, RF-IMRT provides comparable clinical outcomes and higher PFS.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Radiotherapy , Brachytherapy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Radiotherapy , Chemoradiotherapy , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Neoplasm Staging , Organs at Risk , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Methods , Remission Induction , Survival Rate , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Radiotherapy
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL