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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 151-157, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969757

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate microvascular perfusion and left ventricular function in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction after revascularization using myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE), and to explore clinical influencing factors of abnormal microvascular perfusion in these patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. The analysis was performed among patients admitted to Peking University People's Hospital for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) from June 2018 to July 2021. All patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and completed MCE within 48 hours after PCI. Patients were divided into normal myocardial perfusion group and abnormal perfusion group according to the myocardial perfusion score. The echocardiographic indexes within 48 hours after PCI, including peak mitral valve flow velocity (E), mean value of early diastolic velocity of left ventricular septum and lateral mitral annulus (Em), left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS) and so on, were analyzed and compared between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the influencing factors of myocardial perfusion abnormalities. Results: A total of 123 STEMI patients, aged 59±13 years with 93 (75.6%) males, were enrolled. There were 50 cases in the normal myocardial perfusion group, and 73 cases in the abnormal myocardial perfusion group. The incidence of abnormal myocardial perfusion was 59.3% (73/123). The left ventricular volume index ((62.3±18.4)ml/m2 vs. (55.1±15.2)ml/m2, P=0.018), wall motion score index (WMSI) (1.59 (1.44, 2.00) vs. 1.24(1.00, 1.47), P<0.001) and mitral E/Em (17.8(12.0, 24.3) vs. 12.2(9.2, 15.7), P<0.001) were significantly higher whereas left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS) ((-10.8±3.4)% vs. (-13.8±3.5)%, P<0.001) was significantly lower in the abnormal myocardial perfusion group than those in the normal myocardial perfusion group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that left anterior descending (LAD) as culprit vessel (OR=3.733, 95%CI 1.282-10.873, P=0.016), intraoperative no/low-reflow (OR=6.125, 95%CI 1.299-28.872, P=0.022), and peak troponin I (TnI) (OR=1.018, 95%CI 1.008-1.029, P=0.001) were independent risk factors of abnormal myocardial perfusion. As for ultrasonic indexes, deceleration time of mitral E wave (OR=0.979, 95%CI 0.965-0.993, P=0.003), mitral E/Em (OR=1.100, 95%CI 1.014-1.194, P=0.022) and WMSI (OR=7.470, 95%CI 2.630-21.222, P<0.001) were independently related to abnormal myocardial perfusion. Conclusions: The incidence of abnormal myocardial perfusion after PCI is high in patients with acute STEMI. Abnormal myocardial perfusion is related to worse left ventricular systolic and diastolic function. LAD as culprit vessel, intraoperative no/low-reflow and peak TnI are independent risk factors of abnormal myocardial perfusion.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Cross-Sectional Studies , Coronary Circulation , Echocardiography , Anterior Wall Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Ventricular Function, Left , Perfusion
2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 840-846, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988732

ABSTRACT

【Subjects】 To investigate the clinical application value of myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in selecting CTO-PCI patients. MethodsFrom February 2019 to March 2020, a total of 50 patients with chronic coronary artery occlusion were consecutively selected as the research subjects. MCE and two-dimensional speck-tracking echocardiography were completed before and 12 months after interventional therapy. The primary end point was major adverse cardiovascular events. Patients were divided into groups according to the preoperative myocardial perfusion level of MCE. The improvement of left ventricular function was evaluated by two-dimensional echocardiography and left ventricular global longitudinal strain. ResultsCompared with the abnormal perfusion group, the improvement of GLS in the normal perfusion group was greater (P=0.028). The wall motion score index (WMSI) of the abnormal perfusion group before PCI was higher than that of the normal perfusion group (P=0.002). WMSI in the abnormal perfusion group was higher than that in the normal perfusion group one year after PCI (P<0.001). The left ventricular GLS(P=0.008).WMSI(P=0.016) and left ventricular end-diastolic volume(P=0.032) in the normal perfusion group were improved compared with those before operation; The postoperative perfusion score of patients with abnormal perfusion was significantly improved ( P=0.032). ConclusionMCE has clinical application value in optimizing the selection of CTO-PCI patients. CTO patients with different myocardial perfusion types have different benefits after PCI.

3.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 374-383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985935

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigated the safety and efficacy of treating patients with acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and elevated levels of N-terminal pro-hormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) with levosimendan within 24 hours of first medical contact (FMC). Methods: This multicenter, open-label, block-randomized controlled trial (NCT03189901) investigated the safety and efficacy of levosimendan as an early management strategy of acute heart failure (EMS-AHF) for patients with NSTEMI and high NT-proBNP levels. This study included 255 patients with NSTEMI and elevated NT-proBNP levels, including 142 males and 113 females with a median age of 65 (58-70) years, and were admitted in the emergency or outpatient departments at 14 medical centers in China between October 2017 and October 2021. The patients were randomly divided into a levosimendan group (n=129) and a control group (n=126). The primary outcome measure was NT-proBNP levels on day 3 of treatment and changes in the NT-proBNP levels from baseline on day 5 after randomization. The secondary outcome measures included the proportion of patients with more than 30% reduction in NT-proBNP levels from baseline, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) during hospitalization and at 6 months after hospitalization, safety during the treatment, and health economics indices. The measurement data parameters between groups were compared using the t-test or the non-parametric test. The count data parameters were compared between groups using the χ² test. Results: On day 3, the NT-proBNP levels in the levosimendan group were lower than the control group but were statistically insignificant [866 (455, 1 960) vs. 1 118 (459, 2 417) ng/L, Z=-1.25,P=0.21]. However, on day 5, changes in the NT-proBNP levels from baseline in the levosimendan group were significantly higher than the control group [67.6% (33.8%,82.5%)vs.54.8% (7.3%,77.9%), Z=-2.14, P=0.03]. There were no significant differences in the proportion of patients with more than 30% reduction in the NT-proBNP levels on day 5 between the levosimendan and the control groups [77.5% (100/129) vs. 69.0% (87/126), χ²=2.34, P=0.13]. Furthermore, incidences of MACE did not show any significant differences between the two groups during hospitalization [4.7% (6/129) vs. 7.1% (9/126), χ²=0.72, P=0.40] and at 6 months [14.7% (19/129) vs. 12.7% (16/126), χ²=0.22, P=0.64]. Four cardiac deaths were reported in the control group during hospitalization [0 (0/129) vs. 3.2% (4/126), P=0.06]. However, 6-month survival rates were comparable between the two groups (log-rank test, P=0.18). Moreover, adverse events or serious adverse events such as shock, ventricular fibrillation, and ventricular tachycardia were not reported in both the groups during levosimendan treatment (days 0-1). The total cost of hospitalization [34 591.00(15 527.46,59 324.80) vs. 37 144.65(16 066.90,63 919.00)yuan, Z=-0.26, P=0.80] and the total length of hospitalization [9 (8, 12) vs. 10 (7, 13) days, Z=0.72, P=0.72] were lower for patients in the levosimendan group compared to those in the control group, but did not show statistically significant differences. Conclusions: Early administration of levosimendan reduced NT-proBNP levels in NSTEMI patients with elevated NT-proBNP and did not increase the total cost and length of hospitalization, but did not significantly improve MACE during hospitalization or at 6 months.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Simendan/therapeutic use , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Peptide Fragments , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Biomarkers , Prognosis
4.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 909-914, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996015

ABSTRACT

Strengthening clinical research is an inevitable requirement for expediting the development of the medical and healthcare services, as well as enhancing the capability of the hospitals in China. On the basis of sufficient argumentation of the significance and the internal and external environment of developing clinical research according to structure-conduct-performance analysis model, Henan Cancer Hospital set the aim of transforming from clinical hospital to clinical research hospital. By constructing a high-level phase Ⅰ clinical trials center, establishing the department of clinical research management, promoting the collaborative innovation and cooperation among medical institutions, research institutions, and enterprises, and developing the accessory clinical trial management system, Henan Cancer Hospital has turned abundant patient resources into advantages of clinical research. The quality and quantity of clinical trials have been elevated significantly, which could provide strong impetus for hospital′s discipline construction and high-quality development.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 808-813, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995416

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and feasibility of swallowing intervention on esophageal examination by magnetically controlled gastric capsule endoscope (MCE), and to provide theoretical evidence for clinical application.Methods:From January 2021 to May 2022, 196 subjects who underwent MCE examination at West China Hospital, Sichuan University were prospectively enrolled. According to the swallowing action during MCE procedure, the subjects were divided into routine examination control group and swallowing-controlled intervention group with 98 cases in each group. The data of gender, age, history of smoking and drinking, body mass index, clinical symptoms (abdominal pain or abdominal distension, hematochezia, melena or positive fecal occult-bloodtest), esophageal transit time of MCE and detection rate of esophageal lesions were compared between the 2 groups. Wilcoxon rank sum test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.Results:There were no significant differences in age, gender, smoking history, drinking history, body mass index, history of diabetes, history of hypertension, and indication of MCE examination between the routine examination control group and swallowing-controlled intervention group (all P>0.05). All the subjects successfully completed the examination, and the capsules were excreted from the body. The median esophageal transit time of swallowing-controlled intervention group was longer than that of the routine examination control group (44.50 s (26.75 s, 101.25 s) vs. 11.00 s (5.00 s, 29.00 s)), and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-8.13, P<0.001). The esophageal transit time of the patients aged 40 to 59 years old was longer than that of the patients aged <40 years old, but shorter than that of the patients aged ≥60 years old (54.00 s (36.25 s, 64.75 s) vs. 28.00 s (23.00 s, 35.00 s) and 69.50 s (64.75 s, 73.00 s)), and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=-6.72 and -6.91, both P<0.001). The detection rate of esophageal lesions of swallowing-controlled intervention group was higher than that of routine examination control group (22.4%, 22/98 vs. 11.2%, 11/98), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.41, P=0.036). Conclusion:Command-controlled swallowing can effectively prolong the time of esophagus examination by MCE, and improve the detection rate of esophageal lesions by MCE.

6.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 664-670, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989137

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a predictive model of post-stroke delirium (PSD) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS), and to verify its predictive value.Methods:Patients with AIS admitted to the Department of Neurology, Lianyungang Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from February to May 2022 were enrolled prospectively. They were divided into modeling group and validation group according to the order of enrollment. Depending on whether the patients had delirium or not, the patients in the modeling group were divided into delirium group and non-delirium group. The independent risk factors for PSD were determined by multivariable logistic regression analysis, and the prediction model of PSD was constructed accordingly. The predictive value of the model was verified by the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results:Three hundred and fifty patients with AIS were included in the modeling group, of which 71 (20.28%) had PSD. The validation group included 150 patients with AIS, and 36 of them (24.00%) had PSD. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age (odds ratio [ OR] 1.036, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.000-1.074; P=0.050], National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ( OR 1.607, 95% CI 1.438-1.797; P<0.001), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) ( OR 1.135, 95% CI 1.016-1.267; P=0.025), and atrial fibrillation ( OR 5.528, 95% CI 1.315-23.245; P=0.020) were the independent risk factors for PSD. The predictive model was Z=0.036×age+0.475×NIHSS score+0.127×NLR+1.710×assignment of atrial fibrillation - 10.160. The area under the curve of the model was 0.935, and the sensitivity and specificity were 97.2% and 82.5% respectively. Conclusion:This model can effectively predict the PSD risk of patients with AIS, with higher sensitivity and specificity, and can provide a basis for PSD screening of patients with AIS.

7.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 657-663, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of psychological support during perithrombotic period on post-stroke depression (PSD) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:Patients with AIS received intravenous thrombolysis in the Affiliated Lianyungang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 1, 2021 to July 31, 2021 were enrolled prospectively. The intervention group received one-to-one individual psychological support therapy in the perithrombolytic period on the basis of receiving standard intravenous thrombolytic therapy. At 30 d after onset, Hamilton Depression Scale was used to assess whether PSD occurred. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the independent influencing factor of PSD. Results:A total of 126 patients with AIS were enrolled, and 86 of them were male (68.25%). Their age was 63.65±10.46 years; 65 were in the intervention group and 61 were in the control group. The incidence of PSD in the intervention group was significantly lower than that in the control group (20.00% vs. 36.07%; χ2=4.049, P=0.044). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that psychological intervention (odds ratio [ OR] 0.333, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 0.132-0.838; P=0.020] was an independent protective factor for PSD, while ischemic heart disease ( OR 4.510, 95% CI 1.181-17.217; P=0.028), alcohol consumption ( OR 3.421, 95% CI 1.317-8.888; P=0.012), anticoagulation therapy ( OR 3.145, 95% CI 1.155-8.567; P=0.025) and modified Rankin Scale score before thrombolysis ( OR 1.627, 95% CI 1.142-2.317; P=0.007) were the independent risk factors for PSD. Conclusion:Perithrombolytic psychological support may reduce the incidence of PSD.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 691-695, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932122

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of local infiltration of ropivacaine in gallbladder triangle on agitation and postoperative pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).Methods:108 patients with LC who met the requirements of this study treated in Yunnan Cancer Hospital from March 2018 to March 2021 were randomly divided into two groups, 54 cases in each group. Both groups received routine LC under general anesthesia. The observation group received ropivacaine for local infiltration in the gallbladder triangle, and the control group received the same amount of normal saline for local infiltration in the gallbladder triangle. The anesthesia indexes, agitation during awakening and postoperative pain were compared between the two groups.Results:There was no significant difference in extubation, anesthesia and recovery time between the observation group and the control group (all P>0.05); The scores of static and dynamic visual analogue scale (VAS) in the two groups reached the highest value at 6 h after operation, and then decreased gradually, with significant differences between the two groups ( F=15.28, 4.26, 11.06, 3.21, all P<0.05). The dynamic and static VAS scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group at the time of awakening, 6 h, 12 h and 24 h after operation, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the Riker sedation agitation score (SAS) and the incidence of agitation in the observation group were significantly lower (all P<0.05), and the effective times of analgesic pump pressing 24 hours after operation were significantly less ( P<0.05); There was no significant difference in SpO 2 level between the observation group and the control group ( P>0.05); The levels of heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in the two groups were significantly higher than those before anesthesia, and the rising degree in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (all P<0.05); The levels of norepinephrine (NE), C-reactive protein (CRP) and cortisol in the two groups were significantly higher than those before anesthesia, and the rising degree in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Local infiltration of gallbladder triangle with ropivacaine during LC can reduce the degree of postoperative pain, the use of PCIA pump and the occurrence of agitation during awakening, so as to maintain hemodynamic stability.

9.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 120-123, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929893

ABSTRACT

As the most effective treatment for acute ischemic stroke, intravenous thrombolysis can not only improve the outcome of patients, but also affect post-stroke depression (PSD) through direct or indirect mechanisms. Therefore, it is of great clinical significance to explore the effect of intravenous thrombolysis on PSD. This article reviews the characteristics of PSD, the possible impact and mechanisms of intravenous thrombolysis on PSD, and the prevention and treatment of PSD.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 477-481, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958815

ABSTRACT

The constrution of national regional medical centers has been included in the 14th Five-Year Plan. As a major project to build a high-quality and efficient medical health service system in China, it is imperative to expand such high quality medical resources and balance their regional distribution. The authors analyzed the dual resources integration attributes of regional medical centers—horizontal expansion and vertical extension—from the perspective of medical resources integration, and by means of literature methodology and content analysis methods. With both two work paths and progresses led by the National Development and Reform Commission and the National Health Care Commission, the authors identified setbacks in the construction of such medical centers in terms of building a synergy system, optimizing the cooperation modes, and enhancing the awareness of the entity bodies. On such basis, the authors suggested that government departments should hold on to the leadership in general, while in the construction process, output hospitals and input hospitals should respectively take their entity responsibilities in both operation management and cooperation.

11.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 616-620, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954180

ABSTRACT

Delirium is a common complication after stroke. Post-stroke delirium is associated with the poor outcome and increased mortality. This article reviews the screening tools, predictive factors and predictive models of post-stroke delirium.

12.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 889-892, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889753

ABSTRACT

Platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGFRB) rearrangements play an important role in the pathogenesis of eosinophilia-associated myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms. Up to now, more than 70 PDGFRB fusions have been identified. Here, a novel PDGFRB fusion gene CSNK2A1-PDGFRB has been identified in myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) with eosinophilia by RNA-sequencing, which has been verified by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Sanger sequencing. The new PDGFRB fusion partner gene CSNK2A1 encoded one of the two catalytic subunit of casein kinase II (CK2). To our knowledge, this is the first report on the involvement of CSNK2A1 in fusion genes, especially fusion with another kinase PDGFRB in MPN. In addition, the CSNK2A1-PDGFRB fusion retained the entire kinase domain of PDGFRB and response to imatinib at low concentration. The patient with CSNK2A1-PDGFRB was sensitive to imatinib treatment and acquired sustained complete remission.

13.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 926-930, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the E2 and E4 alleles of apolipoprotein E (apoE) gene and myocardial infarction (MI) in type 2 diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients, and to explore the relationship between apoE polymorphism and blood lipid metabolism.Methods:This case control study was conducted from August 2016 to March 2020 in China-Japan Friendship Hospital, 3 459 inpatients with T2DM were included including 3 044 patients without MI (T2DM group) and 415 patients with MI (T2DM+MI group). Real time fluorescent quantitative PCR was used to detect apoE polymorphism. Automatic biochemical analyzer was used to detect lipid levels. Logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the association of apoE with risk of MI in patients with T2DM.Results:(1) The frequency of E4 allele in T2DM+MI group (12.29%, 102/830) was significantly higher than in T2DM group (9.13%,556/6 088), while the frequency of E2 allele in T2DM+MI group (7.35%,61/830) was significantly lower than that in T2DM group (8.21%,500/6 088), P=0.012. Logistic regression analyses showed that E4 allele carrier (E3/E4+E4/E4) faced a higher risk for MI in T2DM patients ( OR=1.48, 95% CI 1.14-1.92, P=0.003), while E2 allele carrier(E2/E3+E2/E2)did not face a higher risk of MI in T2DM patients ( OR=0.88, P=0.642). (2) The levels of apoE polymorphism and blood lipid: The levels of TC, LDL-C and apoB increased in the order of E4 allele, wild type and E2 allele ( P<0.05). The levels of HDL-C, apoA1 and apoE decreased in the order of E4 allele, Wild type and E2 allele ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The E4 allele is a risk factor for MI in T2DM patients, and apoE polymorphism can affect blood lipid level in this patent cohort.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 343-347, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873403

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the three-year follow-up outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma patients undergoing liver resection (LR) versus liver transplantation (LT). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for 171 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent surgical treatment in Beijing YouAn Hospital, Capital Medical University, from March 2009 to March 2014, and according to the treatment method, they were divided into LR group(n=83) and LT group(n=88). Related clinical data were compared between the two groups. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and the log-rank test were used for comparison of disease-free survival and overall survival between two groups, and the Cox proportional hazards model was used for the univariate and multivariate analyses of disease-free survival and overall survival. ResultsCompared with the LR group, the LT group had a significantly higher proportion of patients with single tumor [45.78% (38/83) vs 85.23% (75/88), χ2=29649,P<0.001], tumor size <3 cm [15.66% (13/83) vs 6705% (59/88), χ2=46.383,P<0001], or high Child-Pugh class [ 964% (8/83) vs 26.14% (23/88),χ2=7833,P=0.005] and a significantly lower recurrence rate of tumor [48.19%(40/83) vs 3295%(29/88) ,χ2=4121,P=0.042]. There was a significant difference in disease-free survival rate between the LR group and the LT group (46.02% vs 80.71%, P=0.006); the LT group had a higher overall survival rate than the LR group (86.99% vs 76.44%, P=0.219). Both univariate and multivariate analyses showed that treatment method was an independent risk factor for disease-free survival (risk ratio[RR]=3383,95% confidence interval[CI]: 1334-8579;RR=0239,95%CI:0093-0.612,both P<005), but the prediction of overall survival by treatment method did not reach statistical significance(P=0232). ConclusionLT is recommended for patients with early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma and can achieve a satisfactory three-year disease-free survival rate.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 257-261, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for overall survival in operable hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT-HCC) patients and establish a scoring system.Methods:Survival data in 253 PVTT-HCC patients were retrospectively analyzed in Guangxi Medical University Affiliated Tumor Hospital. Survival curves were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Cox stepwise regression analysis was used to identify independent preoperative risk factors affecting overall survival. A prognostic scoring system based on independent risk factors and their relative coefficients was established to screen patients with greater hepatic resection benefits, and the identification ability of the model was based on ROC.Results:A total of 253 patients with PVTT-HCC were enrolled in this study, there were 222 males and 31 females, with a median age 44 years. The median survival time in all patients was (13.00±2.15) months. Rate of overall survival was 51.8% at 1 year, 25.0% at 3 years and 17.7% at 5 years. Multivariable Cox regression analyses showed four risk factors including: AST≥40 U/L, ALP (≥80 U/L), tumor number (>1), and incomplete tumor capsule. A prognostic scoring system was established based on these variables. The area under curve of the scoring system was 0.780 (95% CI: 0.715-0.845). Patients were classified as low- or high-risk group for hepatic resection depending on whether their score was <3 ( n=77) or ≥3 ( n=176), respectively. High-risk patients had a median survival of 10 months, compared to 29 months in low-risk patients. Low-risk patients also had better survival rates at 1 year (75.3% vs 41.5%), 3 years (47.6% vs 15.2%), and 5 years (34.7% vs 10.5%), P<0.05. Conclusion:A prognostic scoring system for hepatic resection in PVTT-HCC patients has been developed based entirely on preoperative variables. Using this system, patients belong to the low risk group have better prognosis after surgery, which can provide a basis for surgical treatment of PVTT-HCC patients.

16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1-9, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878229

ABSTRACT

Astrocytes are a heterogenous group of macroglia present in all regions of the brain and play critical roles in many aspects of brain development, function and disease. Previous studies suggest that the B-cell lymphoma-2 associated X protein (BAX)-dependent apoptosis plays essential roles in regulating neuronal number and achieving optimal excitation/inhibition ratio. The aim of the present paper was to study whether BAX regulates astrocyte distribution in a region-specific manner. Immunofluorescence staining of SOX9 was used to analyze and compare astrocyte density in primary somatosensory cortex, motor cortex, retrosplenial cortex and hippocampus in heterozygous and homozygous BAX knockout mice at age of six weeks when cortical development has finished and glia development has reached a relatively steady state. The results showed that astrocyte density varied significantly among different cortical subdivisions and between cortex and hippocampus. In contrast to the significant increase in GABAergic interneurons, the overall and region-specific astrocyte density remained unchanged in the cortex when BAX was absent. Interestingly, a significant reduction of astrocyte density was observed in the hippocampus of BAX knockout mice. These data suggest that BAX differentially regulates neurons and astrocytes in cortex as well as astrocytes in different brain regions during development. This study provided important information about the regional heterogeneity of astrocyte distribution and the potential contribution of BAX gene during development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Astrocytes , Hippocampus , Interneurons , Neurons , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 429-433, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910569

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impact of preoperative serum HBV DNA levels on prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients undergoing hepatectomy with curative intent.Methods:The clinical data of patients with HCC treated by hepatectomy with curative intent at the Guangxi Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 2010 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the preoperative serum HBV DNA levels, patients were divided into three groups: the control group (HBV DNA negative), the low load group (<10 4 copy/ml) and the high load group (≥10 4 copy/ml). The clinical data of these patients were collected and long-term survival outcomes of these patients were followed-up. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates among the three groups. Using the Barcelona clinic liver cancer classification (BCLC), patients with different serum HBV DNA levels were further divided into three subgroups: stage 0/A, stage B and stage C. The OS and RFS rates of patients in each of these subgroups were compared. Results:Of 1 180 patients who were enrolled in the study, there were 1 024 males and 156 females, aged (48.6±10.8) years. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates for patients in the control group ( n=258) were 91.5%, 79.3% and 74.9%, respectively; while those in the low load group ( n=289) were 87.2%, 68.6% and 61.6%, respectively; and those in the high load group ( n=633) were 85.4%, 68.9% and 60.7%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates in the control group were significantly better than those in the low load group and the high load group ( P<0.05). The 1-, 2- and 3-year RFS rates in the control group were significantly higher than those in the high load group ( P<0.05). Subgroup analysis showed that in the BCLC 0/A subgroup ( n=786) the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates in the control group were significantly better than those in the high load group ( P<0.05). In the BCLC B subgroup ( n=181), the 1-, 2- and 3-year RFS rates in the control group were significantly higher than those in the high load group ( P<0.05). In the BCLC C subgroup ( n=214), there were no significant differences in the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS and 1-, 2- and 3-year RFS rates among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For HCC patients undergoing hepatectomy with curative intent, the higher the preoperative serum HBV-DNA level, the worse the long-term survival outcomes.

18.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2177-2182, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908223

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of evidence-based humanistic care on psychological status and pregnancy outcome in high-risk parturient women.Methods:A total of 92 high-risk pregnant women admitted to the First People′s Hospital of Lianyungang City from January 2019 to January 2020 were selected. According to the method of drawing samples from a random number table, the control group (46 cases) was given care according to the clinical nursing path of childbirth, and the observation group (46 cases) implemented evidence-based humanistic care on this basis.Scores of Chinese Perceived Stress Scale(CPSS) and Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS) before and after the intervention, and cesarean section rate, neonatal asphyxia rate, 2 h and 24 h postpartum blood loss were compared.Results:After the intervention, CPSS score (12.28 ± 4.34) and SAS score (47.32 ± 6.61) in observation group were lower than those in control group (16.26 ± 3.39) and (53.60 ± 5.46) ( t values were 4.902, 4.968, P< 0.05); cesarean section rate and neonatal asphyxia rate in observation group were 23.91% (11/46), 2.17%(1/46) lower than 45.65%(21/46)and 19.57%(9/46) in control group ( χ2 values were 4.791, 5.954, P<0.05), and postpartum hemorrhage volume in 2 hours (173.63±61.46) ml and 24 h blood loss (246.37±67.24) ml were less than those in control group (272.45 ±57.92) ml and (368.34±72.47) ml ( t values were 7.936, 8.368, P<0.05). Conclusions:Evidence-based humanistic care can relieve the psychological pressure and anxiety of high-risk parturient women and improve their pregnancy outcome.

19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 889-892, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897457

ABSTRACT

Platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGFRB) rearrangements play an important role in the pathogenesis of eosinophilia-associated myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms. Up to now, more than 70 PDGFRB fusions have been identified. Here, a novel PDGFRB fusion gene CSNK2A1-PDGFRB has been identified in myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) with eosinophilia by RNA-sequencing, which has been verified by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Sanger sequencing. The new PDGFRB fusion partner gene CSNK2A1 encoded one of the two catalytic subunit of casein kinase II (CK2). To our knowledge, this is the first report on the involvement of CSNK2A1 in fusion genes, especially fusion with another kinase PDGFRB in MPN. In addition, the CSNK2A1-PDGFRB fusion retained the entire kinase domain of PDGFRB and response to imatinib at low concentration. The patient with CSNK2A1-PDGFRB was sensitive to imatinib treatment and acquired sustained complete remission.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 154-164, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781627

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common malignancies, and intestinal-type GC is the main histopathologic type of GC in China. We previously reported that casein kinase 2 interacting protein 1 (CKIP-1) acts as a candidate tumor suppressor in intestinal-type GC. CKIP-1 participates in the regulation of multiple signaling pathways, including the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, of which caudal-related homeobox 1 (CDX1) may be a downstream target gene. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between CKIP-1 and CDX1 in intestinal-type GC.@*METHODS@#Sixty-seven gastroscopy biopsy specimens and surgically resected gastric specimens were divided into four groups: gastric mucosa group, intestinal metaplasia (IM) group, dysplasia group, and intestinal-type GC group. The expression levels of CKIP-1 and CDX1 were detected in these groups and GC cell lines, and the correlations between these expression levels were analyzed. SGC7901 and BGC823 cells were divided into CKIP-1 shRNA groups and CKIP-1 over-expression groups, and CDX1 expression was detected. β-Catenin expression was detected in intestinal-type GC tissue samples and CKIP-1 shRNA and CKIP-1 over-expression SGC7901 cells, and its correlation with CKIP-1 expression in intestinal-type GC tissue was analyzed. The Wnt/β-catenin pathway inhibitor DKK-1 and activator LiCl were incubated with SGC7901 cells, BGC823 cells, and CKIP-1 shRNA and CKIP-1 over-expression SGC7901 and BGC823 cells, following which CDX1 and Ki-67 expression were detected.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of CKIP-1 and CDX1 were lower in patients with intestinal-type GC than in patients with IM and dysplasia (both P < 0.05). CKIP-1 and CDX1 expression levels were positively correlated in IM, dysplasia, and intestinal-type GC tissue and cell lines (r = 0.771, P < 0.01; r = 0.597, P < 0.01; r = 0.654, P < 0.01; r = 0.811, P < 0.01, respectively). CDX1 expression was decreased in the CKIP-1 shRNA groups and increased in the CKIP-1 over-expression groups of SGC7901 and BGC823 cells compared to that in the corresponding control groups (both P < 0.05). CKIP-1 expression was negatively correlated with β-catenin expression in intestinal-type GC patients (r = -0.458, P < 0.01). Compared to the control group, β-catenin expression was increased in the CKIP-1 shRNA SGC7901 cell group and decreased in the CKIP-1 over-expression SGC7901 cell group (P < 0.05). CDX1 expression was increased in SGC7901 and BGC823 cells treated with DKK-1, DKK-1 increased CDX1 expression and decreased Ki-67 expression in the CKIP-1 shRNA group; the opposite result was observed in SGC7901 and BGC823 cells treated with LiCl, and LiCl decreased CDX1 expression and increased Ki-67 expression in the CKIP-1 over-expression group (both P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, CKIP-1 may positively regulate CDX1 in intestinal-type GC.

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