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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 546-547, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994081

ABSTRACT

For invasive bladder cancer, radical cystectomy and rectal substitution for sigmoid skin fistulas were commonly used in some medical centers. There is no report on the feasibility of sigmoid colon retraction except nephroureterectomy for patients with recurrent ureteral tumors after operation. We presented a case of recurrent ureteral tumors after rectal substitution bladder surgery for bladder cancer. Finally, left ureteral resection + sigmoid colon return + right ureteral skin stoma was successfully performed.The patient was followed up for 1 year without recurrence.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 645-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship and underlying mechanism between exosomes derived from doxorubicin-resistant osteosarcoma cells and MDR1 and miRNAs. Methods:MG63 and U2OS cell lines were selected to construct doxorubicin-resistant strains, and the 50% inhibitory concentration (half maximal inhibitory concentration, IC 50) of drug-resistant and sensitive strains was detected by MTT, and fluorescence staining was performed at intervals of 15 min between 15 and 120 min to detect the change of fluorescence intensity. RT-PCR and Western Blot were used to detect the expression levels of MDR1 P-gp to verify the drug resistance of osteosarcoma cells. Exosomes were identified by particle size analysis and Western Bolt detection. The endocytosis of PKH26-labeled exosomes from doxorubicin-resistant cells was observed, and the proliferation level and migration of exosomes from doxorubicin-resistant cells co-cultured with osteosarcoma cells were detected by MTT assay and cell scratch assay. The differential expression levels of miRNAs in osteosarcoma-sensitive and drug-resistant cells were verified by sequencing and bioinformatics analysis and RT-PCR assay. Tumor growth, serum exosome identification and mRNA expression level of miR-21-5p in tumor-bearing nude mice between normal osteosarcoma cell group and drug-resistant group, drug-resistant+normal exosome group, drug-resistant+drug-resistant+drug-resistant exosome group were observed. MDR1 expression level in tumor tissue was detected by RT-PCR, Western Blot and immunohistochemistry. Results:The IC 50 of two adriamycin resistant strains were 2.21 vs. 11.81 μg/ml and 0.93 vs. 11.81 μg/ml, respectively, and the fluorescence intensity decreased faster than that of normal strains. The relative mRNA expression levels of MDR1 in two cell lines were normal 1.12±0.16, 1.02±0.11 and drug-resistant 2.15±0.10, 2.127±0.12, respectively. The relative protein expression of P-gp was normal 0.92±0.11, 0.73±0.10 and drug-resistant 0.46±0.03, 0.30±0.04, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Drug-resistant exosomes can enter osteosarcoma cells through endocytosis and concentrate in the cytoplasm when co-cultured with normal strains. Osteosarcoma cells were co-cultured with drug-resistant exosomes at 2, 4, 6, and 8 μg/ml adriamycin, respectively. Compared with normal group, the proliferation level in drug-resistant group was significantly increased. Compared with the normal cell group 35.95±3.92, 6.72±3.55 and the normal exosome group 51.22±5.55, 19.31±1.93, the drug-resistant cell group 54.20±9.32, 19.24±2.88 and drug-resistant exosome group 76.40±5.41, 30.26±4.87, all had significantly higher cell mobility, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Exosome sequencing and biogenic analysis of 10 highly upregated miRNAs to validate mRNA expression differences between normal and drug-resistant strains by RT-PCR, showing a significant increase in miR-21-5p expression level of drug-resistant strains (5.89±0.26 vs. 0.99±0.06; 1.05±0.07 vs. 8.80±0.93, P<0.05), the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). In MG63 and U2OS, the normal cell group and drug-resistant cell group, and the normal exosome group and drug-resistant exosome group were compared, the tumor volume and the terminal tumor weight of nude mice were increased to varying degrees. MRNA relative expression levels of miR-21-5p in serum exosomes of nude mice after drug intervention were 0.86±0.07 and 0.86±0.05 in normal cell group, respectively. The values were 1.13±0.12, 1.14±0.12 in drug-resistant cell group, 0.71±0.05, 0.75±0.03 in normal exosome group, and 0.90±0.07, 0.93±0.04 in drug-resistant exosome group. Compared with normal and drug-resistant strains, the expression levels of normal and drug-resistant exosome groups were increased, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The exosomes of drug-resistant cells in osteosarcoma could enhance the proliferation level and migration ability of cells through intercellular transfer of MDR1 and miRNAs. The expression of MDR1 and miR-21-5p in drug-resistant cells and tumor-forming nude mouse serum and tumor tissues were up-regulated which suggested that it might be involved in regulating the drug resistance process of osteosarcoma.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the actual effect of the use of personal protective equipment of the examined individuals, and provide reference and basis for the correct use of personal protective equipment and the radiological health administrative law enforcement.Methods:From February to June 2022, the imaging department of Qingdao Municipal Hospital selected 170 patients who underwent X-ray imaging examination (oral panoramic, dental radiography, DR photography, CT scanning), including 25 with oral panoramic and dental radiography, 60 with CT scanning and 60 with DR imaging. The thermoluminescent dosimeter was used to detect the ambient dose equivalent at the point of concern for 170 examined individuals who have used personal protective equipment to cover their sensitive parts, and to analyze the data detected at the same point as above when routinely using the same equipment.Results:There was a statistically significant difference in the dose equivalent at the same points inside and outside the lead neckband ( t=-2.23, P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the dose equivalent at the same point inside and outside the lead collar during dental radiography ( P>0.05). During DR photography (chest PA, lateral and lumbar AP), the examined individuals were wearing lead aprons. Among them, there was a statistically significant difference in the dose equivalent at the same points inside and outside the lead aprons of children′s chest PA and adults′ chest PA ( U=10.00, 19.00, P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the dose equivalent at the same points inside and outside the lead aprons of adult′s chest PA and lumbar AP ( P>0.05). When performing CT scan (chest or upper abdomen), there was a statistically significant difference in the dose equivalent at the same points of wrapped lead aprons( U=878.50, 11.00, P<0.05). Conclusions:The correct use of personal protective equipment is a complex technical problem. It is very important to fully and accurately understand the optimization principle of radiation protection and correctly use personal protective equipment for the examined individuals. The administrative punishment of radiation health on the use of personal protective equipment of the examined individuals should be cautious.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993103

ABSTRACT

In the current international situation, there is the possibility of nuclear war and nuclear terrorism. The nuclear and radiological emergency in the event of an accident should be enhanced. The World Health Organization (WHO) issued a publication on January 27, 2023, updating the list of drugs recommended for stockpiling in response to radiation and nuclear emergencies, which was the first update since 2007. The list of recommended drug stocks in the publication includes drugs to prevent or reduce the effects of radiation, as well as drugs used to treat injuries after exposure. Based on the list of drugs, this article reviews the emergency response to nuclear and radiological accidents, the general situation of emergency drug stockpiles, drug reserves in some countries, and current considerations, with a view to providing references for emergency medical rescue in nuclear and radiological accidents in China.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992687

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the treatment strategy for pediatric humeral supracondylar fractures with callus formation and displacement neglected for over 1 week.Methods:A retrospective analysis was made of the clinical data of 36 children who had been treated at Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Medical Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Inner Mongolia Medical University from January 2011 to January 2021 for humeral supracondylar fractures with callus formation and displacement neglected for over 1 week. There were 22 boys and 14 girls, with an age of (6.7±2.7) years (from 2.3 to 12.8 years). All fractures were Gartland type Ⅲ. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to their treatment methods: a closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP) group of 15 patients subjected to the CRPP treatment only, and a leverage group of 21 patients subjected to CRPP assisted by the "lever technique" with posterior elbow Kirschner wire prying and pulling. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, fluoroscopy frequency, quality of reduction, and recovery time for elbow range of motion; the elbow range of motion, visual analogue scale (VAS), Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) and complications were assessed at the last follow-up.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference between them in the general information before operation ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up for (26.2±16.3) months (from 6 to 96 months). All the fractures obtained acceptable reduction and clinical union 4 to 6 weeks after operation. The operation time [(28.2±6.8) min] and fluoroscopy frequency [(27.0±6.0) times] in the leverage group were significantly less than those in the CRPP group [(40.8±10.8) min and (43.3±11.4) times] ( P<0.05). The CRPP group was significantly better than the leverage group in the intraoperative Baumann angle (78.1°±1.6° versus 73.7°±4.1°), lateral capitellohumeral angle (58.3°±2.6° versus 49.6°±5.2°) and horizontal rotation rate (109.5%±3.0% versus 103.2%±4.9%) ( P<0.05). The intraoperative reduction in the CRPP group was significantly closer to the normal mean value than that in the leverage group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the recovery time for elbow range of motion between the CRPP and the leverage groups ( P>0.05). At the last follow-up, the Baumann angle (75.4°±2.8°) and the lateral capitellohumeral angle (53.2°±3.6°) in the leverage group were still significantly better than those in the CRPP group (78.3°±1.5° and 57.5°±2.3°) ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the elbow range of motion, VAS, MEPS or incidence of complications between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:To treat humeral supracondylar fractures with callus formation and displacement neglected for over 1 week in children, CRPP assisted by the "lever technique" with posterior elbow Kirschner wire prying and pulling is an efficient and accurate method, because it can lead to more satisfactory reduction than CRPP only.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991248

ABSTRACT

Taking the micro-course The Connection Between Vertebrae as an example, this paper discusses the teaching design, production process and practical application of the anatomy micro-course, analyzes the existing problems and puts forward corresponding suggestions. The micro-course design integrates knowledge points with ideological and political elements, and applies a variety of teaching methods to make the teaching content interesting, enlightening and applicable. In the production process, using anatomical specimens, models and 3D software demonstration structure can make abstract knowledge intuitive and perceptual. Moreover, the artistry of micro-course is increased appropriately, and the misunderstanding of emphasizing appearance and neglecting design is avoided. The application of micro-course integrates the micro-course and online education platform to realize the intelligent education of information teaching. In addition, college teachers should improve the awareness of micro-course production and carry out systematic construction and application of micro-course resources.

7.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E104-E109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987921

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the stability of plate-assisted intramedullary nailing for fixing proximal third tibiafractures, compare and observe biomechanical characteristics of anterolateral or posteromedial plate-assisted intramedullary nailing after fixation of proximal third tibia fractures. Methods Eight artificial tibia of 4th-generation sawbones were divided into two groups based on location of the assisted plate, namely, anterolateral plate group and posteromedial plate group, with 4 specimens in each group. Each two locking bolts were fixed to theintramedullary nail proximally and distally, and each three bicortical screws were fixed to the plate proximally and distally. The specimens were osteotomized with a 10-mm defect which located 0. 5 cm to the proximal locking bolt of intramedullary nail or 5-6 cm distally to the knee joint line, in order to simulate an AO/ OTA 41-A2 type proximal third tibia fracture after fixation of intramedullary nail. After osteotomy was finished, axial compression test, three point bending test, cyclic loading and overstress test were conducted by mechanical testing machine. The results of axial stiffness and three-point stiffness between two groups were compared and analyzed. Results Axial compression test showed that the average axial stiffness in posteromedial plate group was lower than that in anterolateral plate group, but no significantly statistical differences were found between the two groups. Three point bending test showed that the average bending stiffness in posteromedial plate group was significantly higher than that in anterolateral plate group when stimulating either varus stress (plate located at pressure side of the fracture, t = 3. 679, P<0. 05) or valgus stress (plate located at tension side of the fracture, t = 8. 975, P<0. 05). Conclusions Plate-assisted intramedullary nailing for fixation of proximal third tibia fractures can minimize the angulation malalignment, improve the stability of nailed proximal tibial fragment and allow the early weight bearing. Both anterolateral and posteromedial plate-assisted intramedullary nail can provide satisfactory axial stability for proximal third tibia fractures, while posteromedial plate-assisted intramedullary nail shows better bending stability than anterolateral plate in countering varus or valgus stress deformity. This study provides an essential basis for clinical decision making about plate-assisted intramedullary nailing for fixing proximal third tibia fractures.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 337-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982591

ABSTRACT

The awake prone position plays an important role in the treatment of hypoxemia and the improvement of respiratory distress symptoms in non-intubated patients. It is widely used in clinical practice because of its simple operation, safety, and economy. To enable clinical medical staff to scientifically and normatively implement prone position for awake patients without intubation, the committees of consensus formulation, guided by evidence-based methodology and Delphi method, conducted literature search, literature quality evaluation and evidence synthesis around seven topics, including indications and contraindications, evaluation, implementation, monitoring and safety management, termination time, complication prevention and health education of awake prone position. After two rounds of expert letter consultation, Expert consensus on implementation strategy of awake prone positioning for non-intubated patients in China (2023) was formulated, and provide guidance for clinical medical staff.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Prone Position , Wakefulness , China , Dyspnea
9.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 497-512, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982529

ABSTRACT

Age-dependent loss of skeletal muscle mass and function is a feature of sarcopenia, and increases the risk of many aging-related metabolic diseases. Here, we report phenotypic and single-nucleus transcriptomic analyses of non-human primate skeletal muscle aging. A higher transcriptional fluctuation was observed in myonuclei relative to other interstitial cell types, indicating a higher susceptibility of skeletal muscle fiber to aging. We found a downregulation of FOXO3 in aged primate skeletal muscle, and identified FOXO3 as a hub transcription factor maintaining skeletal muscle homeostasis. Through the establishment of a complementary experimental pipeline based on a human pluripotent stem cell-derived myotube model, we revealed that silence of FOXO3 accelerates human myotube senescence, whereas genetic activation of endogenous FOXO3 alleviates human myotube aging. Altogether, based on a combination of monkey skeletal muscle and human myotube aging research models, we unraveled the pivotal role of the FOXO3 in safeguarding primate skeletal muscle from aging, providing a comprehensive resource for the development of clinical diagnosis and targeted therapeutic interventions against human skeletal muscle aging and the onset of sarcopenia along with aging-related disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Sarcopenia/metabolism , Forkhead Box Protein O3/metabolism , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Aging/metabolism , Primates/metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 575-581, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985811

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the outcome of different treatment strategies in patients with pancreatic cancer with synchronous liver metastasis (sLMPC). Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data and treatment results of 37 patients with sLMPC treated in China-Japan Friendship Hospital was performed from April 2017 to December 2022. A total of 23 males and 14 females were included,with an age(M(IQR)) of 61 (10) years (range: 45 to 74 years). Systemic chemotherapy was carried out after pathological diagnosis. The initial chemotherapy strategy included modified-Folfirinox, albumin paclitaxel combined with Gemcitabine, and Docetaxel+Cisplatin+Fluorouracil or Gemcitabine with S1. The possibility of surgical resection (reaching the standards of surgical intervention) was determined after systemic treatment,and the chemotherapy strategy was changed in the cases of failed initial chemotherapy plans. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the overall survival time and rate,while Log-rank and Gehan-Breslow-Wilcoxon tests were used to compare the differences of survival curves. Results: The median follow-up time for the 37 sLMPC patients was 39 months,and the median overall survival time was 13 months (range:2 to 64 months) with overall survival rates of 1-,3-,and 5-year of 59.5%,14.7%,and 14.7%,respectively. Of the 37 patients,97.3%(36/37) initially received systemic chemotherapy, 29 completed more than four cycles,resulting in a disease control rate of 69.4% (partial response in 15 cases,stable disease in 10 cases,and progressive disease in 4 cases). In the 24 patients initially planned for conversion surgery,the successful conversion rate was 54.2% (13/24). Among the 13 successfully converted patients,9 underwent surgery and their treatment outcomes were significantly better than those (4 patients) of those who did not undergo surgery (median survival time not reached vs. 13 months,P<0.05). Regarding the 9 patients whose conversion was unsuccessful, no significant differences were observed in median survival time between the surgical group (4 cases) and the non-surgical group (5 cases) (P>0.05). In the allowed-surgery group(n=13),the decreased in pre-surgical CA19-9 levels and the regression of liver metastases were more significant in the successful conversion sub-group than in the ineffective conversion sub-group;however, no significant differences were observed in the changes in primary lesion between the two groups. Conclusion: For highly selective patients with sLMPC who achieve partial response after receiving effective systemic treatment,the adoption of an aggressive surgical treatment strategy can significantly improve survival time;however, surgery dose not provide such survival benefits in patients who do not achieve partial response after systemic chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Docetaxel/therapeutic use , Liver Neoplasms/secondary , Fluorouracil , Leucovorin/therapeutic use
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985458

ABSTRACT

International research on healthy life expectancy (HALE) focuses on inequality of socioeconomic status and individual natural attributes. With the acceleration of population ageing and the increase in average life expectancy, the extension of unhealthy life expectancy and the increase of social and economic burden caused by diseases have gradually attracted the attention of countries around the world. Therefore, the evaluation of disease factors affecting HALE is a meaningful direction in the future. This study introduces the development process and commonly used measurement methods of HALE. According to the definition of health from the Global Burden of Disease Study and World Health Organization, physical and mental diseases such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes, malignant tumors and depression were selected to summarize the impact of these diseases and pre-disease states on HALE. It is expected to provide a theoretical basis for the formulation of relevant public health policies and the improvement of quality of life in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Healthy Life Expectancy , Quality of Life , Life Expectancy , Causality , Social Class
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985457

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between serum lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) level and the health index of the elderly. Methods: A total of 251 subjects were selected from the 2016 baseline survey of the Yongfu Longevity Cohort in Guangxi Province among whom 66, 63 and 122 were in the young and middle-aged group (≤59 years old), the young group (60-89 years old) and the longevity group (≥90 years old), respectively. Demographic data were collected and related indicators of height, weight, blood pressure and lipid metabolism were measured. The cognitive and physical functions of the elderly were assessed by the results of the simple mental state scale and the daily living activity scale to construct the health index of the elderly. The serum levels of LPC16∶0, LPC18∶0, LPC18∶1 and LPC18∶2 were determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and the differences among different ages and health status groups were compared. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between the serum LPC level and the health index of the elderly. Results: With the increase in age, the proportion of female subjects increased, and the rate of smoking and drinking decreased. BMI, TC, TG, LDL-C, diastolic blood pressure, and the four LPCs levels decreased with the increase of age, and systolic blood pressure levels increased with the increase of age (all P values<0.05). There was no significant difference in HDL-C levels among age groups (P>0.05). With the decline of health status in the elderly, serum levels of LPC16∶0, LPC18∶0, LPC18∶1 and LPC18∶2 showed a downward trend (all P values<0.001). After adjusting for age and gender, only LPC18∶0 was associated with the health status in old age [OR (95%CI): 0.48 (0.25-0.92)]. For every 1 standard deviation (16.87 nmol/L) increase in serum LPC18∶0 concentration, the risk of poor health status in old age decreased by 52%. Conclusion: Serum LPC18∶0 was associated with the health status in old age independent of age and sex.


Subject(s)
Aged , Middle Aged , Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Lysophosphatidylcholines , Risk Factors , China , Longevity , Surveys and Questionnaires , Triglycerides
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992666

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the basic characteristics and treatment of aseptic nonunion of femoral shaft in Xi'an Red Cross Hospital from 2013 to 2020.Methods:The data were analyzed retrospectively of the patients with aseptic nonunion of femoral shaft who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Red Cross Hospital Affiliated to Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2013 to December 2020. The patients' data from 2013 to 2016 were assigned into group A while those from 2017 to 2020 into group B. The data like gender, age and nonunion were statistically analyzed and compared between the 2 groups.Results:A total of 311 patients with aseptic nonunion of femoral shaft were diagnosed and treated during the 8 years, accounting for 54.6% (311/570) of the femur nonunion, 32.8% (311/949) of the lower extremity nonunion, 25.0% (311/1,242) of the extremity nonunion, and 22.7% (311/1,370) of the whole body nonunion. There were 244 males and 67 females; the majority of patients were in the age group of 21 to 50 (67.2%, 209/311). The occupation distribution was the most common in farmers (49.2%, 153/311). Traffic injury was the most common cause for primary fractures (40.8%, 127/311). The most common type of injury was closed injury (89.4%, 278/311); the most common type of nonunion was atrophic nonunion (87.8%, 273/311); intramedullary nailing was the main treatment for primary fractures (54.3%, 169/311); channel osteogenesis was the main treatment for secondary nonunion (62.1%, 193/311); autologous iliac bone grafting was the most common grafting for atrophic nonunion (83.5%, 228/311). Compared with group A, the proportion of aseptic nonunion of femoral shaft in group B increased by 9.2% in the femoral nonunions, by 6.9% in the lower extremity nonunions, and by 6.0% in the extremity nonunions, and by 5.2% in the whole body nonunions, showing statistically significant differences ( P < 0.05). There were significant differences in the types of nonunion, occupational distribution, first-stage fracture treatment, second-stage nonunion treatment, and bone grafting method between the 2 groups ( P < 0.05). Conclusions:The patients with aseptic nonunion of the femoral shaft were more common in young and middle-aged male heavy manual laborers, and the condition was increasing in recent years. The channel osteogenesis technique was still the preferred treatment method in the hospital investigated.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 843-848, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between physical indicators and blood pressure or fasting plasma glucose levels in the young-old and oldest-old.Methods:Totally 1 516 subjects from the Guangxi Natural Longevity Cohort were screened in this study and physical examination parameters included body mass index(BMI), waist circumference(WC), waist-to-height ratio(WHtR), fasting plasma glucose(FPG)and blood pressure, and the correlations between them were analyzed.Results:The overweight elderly and overweight young elderly groups had an increased risk of concurrent hypertension and impaired fasting glucose, compared with both elderly people with normal BMI and young elderly people with normal BMI( OR=2.66, 95% CI: 1.90-3.72; OR=3.03, 95% CI: 2.11-4.34). Elderly people with general obesity and young elderly people with general obesity were more likely to have hypertension( OR=5.25, 95% CI: 2.07-13.28; OR=4.75, 95% CI: 1.84-12.21), impaired fasting glucose( OR=2.95, 95% CI: 1.00-8.69; OR=3.06, 95% CI: 1.04-9.02), and concurrent hypertension and impaired fasting glucose( OR=7.94, 95% CI: 3.04-20.72; OR=8.68, 95% CI: 3.28-22.94), whereas underweight young elderly had a reduced risk of hypertension( OR=0.27, 95% CI: 0.09-0.80). Elderly people in the central obesity group(WC)showed increased risk of hypertension( OR=1.39, 95% CI: 1.04-1.84)and concurrent hypertension and impaired fasting glucose( OR=2.39, 95% CI: 1.75-3.27), compared with those in the non-central obesity group.Young elderly people with central obesity had increased risk of hypertension( OR=1.46, 95% CI: 1.07-2.00), impaired fasting glucose( OR=1.62, 95% CI: 1.14-2.28), and concurrent hypertension and impaired fasting glucose( OR=3.03, 95% CI: 2.13-4.32); both elderly people and young elderly people in the central obesity group(WHtR)had increased risk of hypertension( OR=1.35, 95% CI: 1.03-1.76; OR=1.55, 95% CI: 1.13-2.14), impaired fasting glucose( OR=1.42, 95% CI: 1.04-1.94; OR=1.62, 95% CI: 1.13-2.31), and concurrent hypertension and impaired fasting glucose( OR=2.20, 95% CI: 1.60-3.02; OR=3.22, 95% CI: 2.14-4.84). In the elderly group, BMI was correlated with diastolic blood pressure and WHtR was correlated with the fasting blood glucose level. Conclusions:The levels of fasting plasma glucose and blood pressure increase with elevated physical indicator values(BMI, WC, WHtR)in the Guangxi elderly population, and the risk of developing hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, and concurrent hypertension and impaired fasting glucose increases in elderly patients with general obesity and central obesity, with a higher risk in low-aged elderly patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1065-1076, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of observation and psychological intervention, splint or brace fixation as well as surgical treatment on habitual dislocation of the hip (HDH) and to combine the authors' data with a compilation of the cases from the literature, evaluingating the epidemiological characteristics of HDH and the treatment scheme to maintain the stability of hip joint by systematic literature review in children.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the relevant data of 11 patients (12 hips) with HDH were treated from March 2007 to March 2021, including 2 boys and 9 girls. The age of the first dislocation was 2.25 (1.66, 3.75) years old and 4.33 (3.33, 6.17) years old at the age of diagnosis. At the same time, the relevant literature reports were searched from 1932 to 2022, and 24 HDH patients reports and clinical studies were confirmed to be included in this study according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data of 33 patients (38 hips) with HDH who were obtained in the literature, including 5 boys and 28 girls. The age of the first dislocation was 2.00 (1.50, 2.00) years old and 4.00 (2.55, 5.00) years old at the age of diagnosis. A total of 44 patients (50 hips) with HDH who were analyzed, including gender, age of first dislocation, age of diagnosis, mode of stimulating dislocation, side and direction of dislocation, accompanying symptoms, family history, trauma history and imaging examination. The data of 41 patients with HDH (3 patients were excluded due to lack of treatment description) were treated with observation and psychological intervention in 19 patients, splint or brace fixation in 13 patients, and surgical treatment in 9 patients. The femoral neck-stem angle, acetabular index, central edge angle (CE angle) and Reimers instability index were measured by AutoCAD software, and the hip function was evaluated by Harris standard. Meantime, the disappearance time of dislocation was recorded.Results:The average follow-up time of 44 patients (50 hips) with HDH were 4.05±2.93 years old, and the time of disappearance of dislocation after treatment were 1.28±1.19 years old. Patients were diagnosed as 7 boys and 37 girls, 30 right and 8 left as well as 6 bilateral, the age of the first dislocation was 2.64±1.54 years old and 4.52±2.64 years old at the age of diagnosis. The data of 39 patients took hip flexion, adduction, internal rotation or hip flexion and adduction as the mode of stimulating dislocation. There were 43 patients with posterior dislocation, 41 patients with an audible "click" sound during dislocation, 36 patients with painless dislocation, and 37 patients with "vacuum phenomenon" were captured at the moment of dislocation. All patients with HDH had no specific family history and obvious history of trauma. There was no significant difference in general data between observation and psychological intervention group, splint or brace fixation group as well as surgical treatment group ( P>0.05). Harris standard to evaluate hip function, CE angle and Reimers instability index of the affected side were significantly different from those before and after treatment at the moment of dislocation ( H=127.51, P<0.001; H=55.70, P<0.001; H=54.69, P<0.001). Compared with the immediate disappearance of dislocation in the surgical treatment group, the disappearance time of dislocation in the observation and psychological intervention group and the splint or brace fixation group were significantly longer, and the difference was statistically significant ( H=20.83, P<0.001). Conclusion:Without specific family history and obvious trauma at young girls, painless posterior dislocation of hip with an audible "click" sound and "vacuum phenomenon" at the moment of dislocation are the significant epidemiological characteristics of HDH. Observation and psychological intervention, splint or brace fixation are recommended as the initial treatment scheme. When conservative treatment is ineffective, surgical treatment is needed to stabilize the hip joint quickly.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956801

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression changes of lncRNAs and mRNAs in human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC) treated by tritiated water.Methods:HUVEC cells were divided into two groups, the control group cultured in DMEM medium, and the tritiated water exposure group cultured in a medium containing tritiated water with a final concentraion of 3.7×10 3 Bq/ml. After culture for 48 h, cells were collected for RNA extract.The differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs were screened by high-through put chip technology and then analyzed. Results:Compared with the control group, 1 717 lncRNAs were significantly up-regulated and 3 994 lncRNAs significantly down-regulated, and 4 562 mRNAs were significantly up-regulated and 1 433 mRNAs down-regulated. Through co-expression analysis of differential mRNAs and lncRNAs, some key genes including SQSTM1, CXCL8, ITPR1, GADD45A, NF-kB1 and VDAC1 were obtained.Conclusions:Tritiated water exposure can induce multiple changes of mRNAs and lncRNAs in vascular endothelial cells, which may lead to toxic effects through signaling pathways including some key genes such as SQSTM1, CXCL8, and ITPR1.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956603

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the early clinical efficacy between reaming after distal tibia cortical fenestration combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulphate and trench grooving combined with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) for the treatment of chronic tibial osteomyelitis after intramedullary nail fixation.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted in the 20 patients who had been surgically treated for chronic tibial osteomyelitis after intramedullary nail fixation at Department of Trauma Orthopaedics, Honghui Hospital from January 2019 to January 2021. According to the surgical methods, they were divided into a reaming group and a grooving group. In the reaming group, there were 6 males and 3 females with an age of (47.6±11.4) years; in the grooving group, there were 9 males and 2 females with an age of (49.2±13.9) years. The 2 groups were compared in terms of duration of infection, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, bacterial culture results, total hospital stay, time for inflammatory indexes to return to normal, time for weight-bearing, complication rate, infection control rate, and good to excellent rate by Johner-Wruhs joint function scoring.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing they were comparable ( P > 0.05). All patients were followed up for 12 to 25 months after operation. There were no significant differences in the duration of infection, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, bacterial culture results, time for inflammatory indexes to return to normal, complication rate, infection control rate, or Johner-Wruhs scoring between the 2 groups ( P > 0.05). The total hospital stay [(11.7 ± 4.7) d] and weight-bearing time [(5.8 ± 1.6) weeks] for the reaming group were significantly shorter than those for the grooving group [(16.8 ± 4.6) d and (8.1 ± 2.9) weeks] ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of chronic tibial osteomyelitis after intramedullary nail fixation, compared with conventional trench grooving combined with PMMA, reaming after distal tibia cortical fenestration combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulphate can not only obtain satisfactory outcomes by infection control but also shorten the treatment cycle by allowing the patients to start early weight bearing.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the analgesic methods in ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) patients.Methods:Three hundred patients were randomly divided into six groups receiving different analgesic regimen. VAS scores, postoperative blood pressure, CRP, IL-6, and the occurrence of postoperative adverse effects were recorded at 2, 4, 8, and 12 h postoperatively.Results:The success rate of ambulatory LC in this study was 66.22%. The dynamic VAS scores of patients in each group gradually decreased with time elapsing, with groups B and C being significantly lower than group A at 2 h and 4 h postoperatively ( P<0.05). Groups D, E and F were significantly different from group A at all postoperative time points ( P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference at 8 h and 12 h postoperatively in group B vs. group D and group C vs. group E (all P<0.05). There was significant difference at the 12 h postoperatively between groups (B and C) compared to group F ( P<0.05). There was a significant difference in CRP and IL-6 between the groups (all P<0.05). Postoperative dizziness, nausea and delayed discharge were significantly higher in patients using analgesic pumps ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Local infiltration of ropivacaine combined with postoperative parecoxib sodium drip is a recommended analgesic regimen.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933389

ABSTRACT

Objective:Investigating the distribution of intestinal Akkermansia muciniphila (AKK) and explore abundance-effect in obesity obesity to provide potential dose effect for obesity intervention.Methods:Clinical data of 6 986 subjects including body mass index, waist circumference, and common confounders such as gender, age, diastolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and uric acid were collected from Guangdong Gut Microbiome Project in 2008. 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) sequencing data were used to estimate the genus abundance of AKK as well as its operational taxonomic unites (OTUs). Central obesity and overall obesity were diagnosed according to the criteria of China Obesity Working Group in 2002. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the OR (95% CI) of obesity with one-unite elevation of AKK. The dose effect of AKK on obesity was estimated by comparing the trend of ORs from the 1st to the 20th quantile. Results:A total of three AKK OTUs(AKK OTU1, AKK OTU2, AKK OTU3) were identified: AKK OTU1 and AKK OTU2 were distributed in more than 90% of the population, while AKK OTU3 was distributed at 21.7%; All the OTUs showed a"bimodal"distributional pattern and their correlations with common factors were variable. Disparities of the association with obesity were found between the OTUs and the AKK. AKK OTU1, AKK OTU2, and the genus level of AKK showed significant protective effects against obesity; The ORs (95% CI) were 0.95(0.93-0.98), 0.97(0.94-0.99), 0.93(0.91-0.96), respectively for central obesity; And ORs(95% CI) were 0.88(0.80-0.97), 0.98(0.93-1.02), 0.81(0.74-0.89), respectively for overall obesity. The results were similar after adjustment for common confounders. According to the calculation of dose-effect, the protect effects of AKK increased with accumulated abundance and the minimum effective dose on central obesity and overall obesity was 1.83% and 4.98%, respectively. Conclusion:AKK is a protective factor for obesity, but the dose-effect of AKK and the strain-differences should be considered in the future interventional study.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 104-107, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933042

ABSTRACT

DNA damage is one of the research hotspots in the field of aging and related diseases, because it can cause cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, accelerate the body's rate of aging and increase the risk of aging-related diseases.This review will summarize the mechanisms of DNA damage in cells, animal models and individuals and its associations with aging and aging-related diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease and premature aging syndromes.We aim to provide a theoretical framework for anti-aging research and clinical intervention in the treatment of aging-related diseases.

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