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1.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 123-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986759

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the differences existing in the auditory mismatch negativity (MMN) amplitude and latency between children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and normal children, and to probe into the significance of MMN latency and amplitude for assessing the auditory perception and attention level in ADHD children and normal children. MethodsOn December 1, 2022, a systematic search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform and VIP databases to identify all well qualified literature focusing on MMN of ADHD children, then the valid data relevant to MMN amplitude and latency were extracted. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used to assess the quality of the included studies, and Stata 20.0 was employed for Meta-analysis. ResultsA total of 9 qualified studies comparing ADHD children (n=170) against healthy controls (n=159) were finally included. Among the included literature, there were 18 matched pairs of MMN amplitude data and 10 matched pairs of MMN latency data at different recording sites. Meta-analysis denoted that ADHD group resulted in potentials of slightly lower MMN amplitude (WMD=-0.334, 95% CI: -1.426~0.758, P=0.549) and notably longer MMN latency (WMD=14.768, 95% CI: 4.660~24.876, P=0.004) compared to control group, and the Bgger's funnel plot did not reveal any publication bias. ConclusionCompared with healthy controls, ADHD children have longer MMN latency, suggesting that the auditory perception and attention level of ADHD children may be reduced.

2.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 423-435, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982713

ABSTRACT

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a prevalent and severe clinical condition characterized by inflammatory damage to the lung endothelial and epithelial barriers, resulting in high incidence and mortality rates. Currently, there is a lack of safe and effective drugs for the treatment of ALI. In a previous clinical study, we observed that Jinyinqingre oral liquid (JYQR), a Traditional Chinese Medicine formulation prepared by the Taihe Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Hubei University of Medicine, exhibited notable efficacy in treating inflammation-related hepatitis and cholecystitis in clinical settings. However, the potential role of JYQR in ALI/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and its anti-inflammatory mechanism remains unexplored. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of JYQR in ALI using a mouse model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI and an in vitro RAW264.7 cell model. JYQR yielded substantial improvements in LPS-induced histological alterations in lung tissues. Additionally, JYQR administration led to a noteworthy reduction in total protein levels within the BALF, a decrease in MPAP, and attenuation of pleural thickness. These findings collectively highlight the remarkable efficacy of JYQR in mitigating the deleterious effects of LPS-induced ALI. Mechanistic investigations revealed that JYQR pretreatment significantly inhibited NF-κB activation and downregulated the expressions of the downstream proteins, namely NLRP3 and GSDMD, as well as proinflammatory cytokine levels in mice and RAW2647 cells. Consequently, JYQR alleviated LPS-induced ALI by inhibiting the NF-κB/NLRP3/GSDMD pathway. JYQR exerts a protective effect against LPS-induced ALI in mice, and its mechanism of action involves the downregulation of the NF-κB/NLRP3/GSDMD inflammatory pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Lung , Phosphate-Binding Proteins/therapeutic use , Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins/therapeutic use
3.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 111-115, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of children infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variants, and the impact factors of duration of cycle threshold (Ct) values turning to ≥35 detected by nucleotide test.Methods:Children aged 0 to 14 years with clinical symptoms of Omicron variants infection who admitted to designated hospital in Shanghai City (Renji Hospital, South Branch, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine) from April 7 to June 2, 2022 were enrolled. The daily nasopharyngeal swab specimens were used for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid detecting by polymerase chain reaction and the results were expressed as Ct values. The T Ct≥ x was defined as from the symptom onset or first positive nucleic acid test results (the earlier data) to Ct≥ x of the open reading frame 1ab ( ORF1 ab) gene, which was the time duration from the initial to a specific Ct value.Clinical data were collected, including age, sex, vaccination and comorbidities.Cox model was performed to analyzed the impact factors of T Ct≥35. Results:A total of 871 pediatric cases with a median age of two years (ranging from one month to 14 years old) were included. Among them, 474 cases (54.4%) were male, and 89 cases (10.2%) had underlying diseases including congenital heart disease, solid tumors and epilepsy. There were 572(65.7%) mild cases, 298(34.2%) common cases, one (0.1%) severe case and no critical cases or deaths. The T Ct≥35 was 12(10, 14) days. Cox model indicated that compared to children aged one to 12 months, children aged 37 to 84 months and 85 to 168 months had shorter T Ct≥35 (hazard ratio ( HR)=1.55 and 1.84, respectively, both P<0.001). After adjusted with age, comparing to unvaccinated patients, patients with one or two shots vaccine had shorter T Ct≥35 (adjected hazard ratio (a HR)=1.49, P=0.011), and common patients had longer T Ct≥35 than mild patients (a HR=0.78, P=0.002), and patients with comorbidities had longer T Ct≥35than patients without comorbidities (a HR=0.38, P<0.001).The duration of T Ct≥28, T Ct≥30, T Ct≥33 and T Ct≥35 in children without underlying diseases were 7(6, 9) d, 9(7, 10) d, 10(8, 11) d and 12(10, 14) d, respectively. Conclusions:Age, vaccination, disease severity and underlying diseases could affect the duration of SARS-CoV-2 nucleotide turning to negative (Ct value≥35) in children infected with Omicron variants.

4.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 510-514, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954068

ABSTRACT

Asthma is a common chronic airway inflammatory disease, which is characterized by airway stenosis, airway wall thickening and increased mucus secretion followed by reversible airflow restriction.At present, asthma is considered to be a complex and heterogeneous disease, and its pathogenesis remains elusive.There are diverse immune cells involved in the formation of asthma, including T lymphocytes, eosinophils, neutrophils, etc.Due to the continuous renewal of classification and function of T lymphocytes subsets, their role in asthma has attracted more attention.Here, this review aims to summarize the immunological characteristics and roles of different T cell subsets in asthma, and highlight the new findings of T cell subsets in the pathogenesis of severe asthma, leading to provide inspiration and help for the study of the immunology pathogenesis, clinical diagnosis, treatment and prognosis in asthma.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 33-37, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885693

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficiency of a new scoring system of gastric cancer screening for early gastric cancer in health examination population.Methods:The risk score of gastric cancer was assessed based on the new scoring system in health examination population. A notice for further gastroscopy was sent to the medium-risk and high-risk people. Gastroscopy was performed on those who agreed to undergo the examination.Results:From January to April 2019, a total of 5 357 people in health system visited the Physical Examination Center of Shanghai Songjiang Clinical Medical College of Nanjing Medical University for health examination. Seven hundred and forty people were classified as medium- and high-risk groups by the new screening system, 576 in medium-risk group, and 164 in high-risk group. Among them, 131 cases (17.70%) came for further gastroscopy, of whom 91 (69.47%) were in the medium-risk group and 40 (30.53%) in the high-risk group. After gastroscopy, 4 cases of gastric cancer and 1 case of esophageal cancer were detected, and both were early cancer. In the medium-risk group, 2 cases (2/91, 2.20%) of early gastric cancer and 1 case (1/91, 1.10%) of early esophageal cancer were found. In the high-risk group, 2 cases (2/40, 5.00%)of early gastric cancer were found. The tumor detection rate of high-risk group (5.00%) was higher than that of medium-risk group (3.30%), but there was no significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Risk stratification with the new scoring system of gastric cancer screening can improve the detection rate of early gastric cancer.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 358-363, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873406

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo screen out the mRNAs involved in the resistance of hepatoma cells to anlotinib using ceRNA microarray. MethodsHigh-dose shock combined with low-dose induction was used to culture hepatoma cells resistant to anlotinib, and CCK8 assay was used to verify the difference in the proliferation of drug-resistant hepatoma cells treated by anlotinib. The ceRNA microarray was used to screen out the differentially expressed genes between drug-resistant hepatoma cells and normal hepatoma cells, and real-time PCR was used to verify the differentially expressed genes detected by some microarrays. the independent samples t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the overall survival of hepatoma cells samples, and the log-rank test was used to compare survival rates. Fisher’s exact test was used for chip screening. ResultsThere was a significant difference in gene expression between drug-resistant hepatoma cells and normal hepatoma cells, and 10 genes with the greatest difference were screened out for analysis by reducing the range. There were 4 genes associated with drug resistance and tumor growth, i.e., BIRC2, BIRC7, ABCC2, and MAPK8. There were significant reductions in the expression levels of BIRC2, ABCC2, and MAPK8 (P=0001 4, 0001 2, and 0.011 8), and there was a significant increase in the expression of BIRC7 (P<0.001). The results of real-time PCR were consistent with those of microarray (t=10.74,32.65,18.34, and 2.80; P=0.000 4, 0.000 1, 0.000 1, and 0.044 8). The high expression of BIRC7 and the low expression of MAPK8 were associated with the significant reduction in survival time (P=0.022 0 and 0.005 6). ConclusionBIRC2, BIRC7, ABCC2, and MAPK8 are differentially expressed between anlotinib-resistant hepatoma cells and normal hepatoma cells and may be involved in the resistance of hepatoma cells to anlotinib.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 908-911, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819196

ABSTRACT

Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a clinical syndrome of portal hypertension caused by the occlusion of the hepatic vein or the inferior vena cava, with or without inferior vena cava hypertension, and the formation of inferior vena cava diaphragm and/or hepatic venous obstruction are the main features in the Chinese population. At present, little is known about the etiology and pathogenesis of BCS, and most of the studies are clinical studies of diagnosis and treatment strategies. There is a lack of experimental exploration and research on the pathogenesis of BCS, and stable models are a necessary condition for the research on pathogenesis. This article reviews and analyzes the methods for establishing BCS models, the features of each model, and related research advances, in order to provide a reliable experimental basis for the research on the etiology and pathogenesis of BCS.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 910-913, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800950

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the iodine nutritional status of residents in the newly identified high iodine and non-high iodine areas in Puyang, and to provide evidence for relevant departments to adjust the iodine supplementation policy.@*Methods@#According to the survey results of drinking water iodine content in 2017, in 2018 stratified and systematic sampling methods were used to extract 25 villages in the newly identified high iodine areas and non-high iodine areas in Puyang City. Each village surveyed 40 children and 20 pregnant women, the urinary iodine content of the subjects and the salt iodine content at their home were measured, and the thyroid volume of children in 10 villages in high iodine and non-high iodine areas was measured.@*Results@#In high iodine areas and non-high iodine areas, the household salt samples collected were 1 357 and 1 544, respectively, the iodized salt coverage rate was 87.91% (1 193/1 357) and 85.62% (1 322/1 544), respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (χ2 = 3.291, P > 0.05). A total of 1 028 children and 329 pregnant women in high iodine areas were investigated, their median urinary iodine content was 337.0 and 289.0 μg/L, respectively; a total of 1 041 children and 503 pregnant women in non-high iodine areas were investigated, their median urinary iodine content were 310.0 and 265.0 μg/L, the differences of the urinary iodine content between high iodine and non-high iodine areas were statistically significant (Z = -3.825, -2.795, P < 0.05). Thyroid volume was measured in 407 children in high iodine areas and 423 children in non-high iodine areas. The thyroid enlargement rate was 8.85% (36/407) and 3.78% (16/423), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 9.053, P < 0.05).@*Conclusions@#The iodine nutrition levels of children and pregnant women in high iodine areas are higher than those in non-high iodine areas. Iodized salt should be stopped supplying in high iodine areas as soon as possible. In non-high iodine areas, the feasibility of reducing the iodine concentration of iodized salt should be investigated to ensure the iodine nutrition level of local residents.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 910-913, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824075

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the iodine nutritional status of residents in the newly identified high iodine and non-high iodine areas in Puyang,and to provide evidence for relevant departments to adjust the iodine supplementation policy.Methods According to the survey results of drinking water iodine content in 2017,in 2018 stratified and systematic sampling methods were used to extract 25 villages in the newly identified high iodine areas and non-high iodine areas in Puyang City.Each village surveyed 40 children and 20 pregnant women,the urinary iodine content of the subjects and the salt iodine content at their home were measured,and the thyroid volume ofchildren in 10 villages in high iodine and non-high iodine areas was measured.Results In high iodine areas and non-high iodine areas,the household salt samples collected were 1 357 and 1 544,respectively,the iodized salt coverage rate was 87.91% (1 193/1 357) and 85.62% (1 322/1 544),respectively,and the difference was not statistically significant (x2 =3.291,P > 0.05).A total of 1 028 children and 329 pregnant women in high iodine areas were investigated,their median urinary iodine content was 337.0 and 289.0 μg/L,respectively;a total of 1 041 children and 503 pregnant women in non-high iodine areas were investigated,their median urinary iodine content were 310.0 and 265.0 μg/L,the differences of the urinary iodine content between high iodine and non-high iodine areas were statistically significant (Z =-3.825,-2.795,P < 0.05).Thyroid volume was measured in 407 children in high iodine areas and 423 children in non-high iodine areas.The thyroid enlargement rate was 8.85% (36/407)and 3.78% (16/423),respectively,and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =9.053,P < 0.05).Conclusions The iodine nutrition levels of children and pregnant women in high iodine areas are higher than those in non-high iodine areas.Iodized salt should be stopped supplying in high iodine areas as soon as possible.In non-high iodine areas,the feasibility of reducing the iodine concentration of iodized salt should be investigated to ensure the iodine nutrition level of local residents.

10.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 264-269, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746082

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the resistance of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) strains to common antibiotics and to analyze the sites of genetic mutations carried by clarithromycin-resistant strains in order to provide reference for selecting sensitive antibiotics against H. pylori and for providing individualized treatment for patients in Changchun area. Methods Drug resistance of H. pylori clinical isolates to common antibiotics was detected by disk dilution method. The 23S rRNA genes of clarithromycin-resistant strains were amplified by PCR and then sequenced to analyze the presence of mutations. Results In this study, 69 strains of H. pylori were successfully isolated with a positive rate of 23. 1% . Results of the drug susceptibility test to seven commonly used antibiotics showed that there were 52. 2% of the isolates resistant to clarithromy-cin, 47. 8% to tinidazole, 37. 7% to levofloxacin, 33. 3% to tetracycline hydrochloride, 30. 4% to furazoli-done, 30. 4% to metronidazole and 5. 8% to amoxicillin. Amoxicillin could continue to be used as a first-line antimicrobial agent. Seven mutation sites were found in the 23S rRNA genes carried by the clarithromy-cin-resistant strains, which were A1821G, G1826A, T1830C, G1940A, A2143G, T2182C and A2223G. The A2143G site mutation accounted for 54. 2% and was the predominant mutation resulting in the resistance to clarithromycin of H. pylori strains circulating in this area. Conclusions The H. pylori strains isolated from patients with gastroduodenal diseases in Changchun area had a high resistance rate to clarithromycin, which was mainly caused by the A2143G mutation in 23S rRNA gene.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 49-52, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733757

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the problems of feeble research foundation and inadequate experiment skills,the central laboratory for science and technology at general hospital introduced a series of minilectures with different styles for research-oriented graduate students in Chinese Traditional Medicine,including basic strengthening style,tailored style,leading innovated style and academic salon style.The minilecture contents covered biomedical basic research,the commonly used experimental technologies of cell culture,molecular biology,histochemistry and some others,and the latest research advances.According to the needs of postgraduate research projects,the mini-lectures were also organically combined with the laboratory self-produced micro videos and scientific research training,which aroused the enthusiasm of medical science postgraduates for scientific research participation,and explored a new way to improve the quality of experimental teaching.

12.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 590-594, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806981

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the correlation of lifestyle characteristics with thyroid nodules in a population-based sample of centenarians in Hainan.@*Methods@#The study was based on China Hainan Centenarian Cohort Study (CHCCS) conducted in 18 cities and counties in Hainan province from 2014 to 2016. A group of multidisciplinary team interviewed and examined local centenarians with structured questionnaires and ultrasonography procedures. A total of 918 centenarians were analyzed after excluding those who refused ultrasonographic examinations or had relevant missing data. Thyroids of centenarians were examined by 3-year experienced sonographer, details on lifestyle characteristics and dietary habits were collected by standard procedure.@*Results@#Of the 918 centenarians, 683 (74.4%) had thyroid nodules under the ultrasonography procedures. The prevalence of thyroid nodules in different group of areca nut consumption varied significantly (P<0.05). In multivariate logistic regression model, the results showed female and areca nut intake were independently associated with thyroid nodules in centenarians (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The modifiable variables including areca nut intake as well as non-modifiable such as gender are independent determinants of thyroid nodules in centenarians. Further studies are warranted to explore and verify these associations in populations with different ranges of age.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 349-354, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710955

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of subclinical epileptiform discharges (SED) on the cognition of adult patients with epilepsy,exploring the mechanism of SED that leads to cognitive impairment in adult patients with epilepsy to raise physicians' attention about SED.Methods Patients were collected in the Department of Neurology,China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University from March 2016 to March 2017.Sixty adult patients with epilepsy without clinical episodes in the last three months were selected as SED group and 40 healthy volunteers as control group.Medical history of the SED group was recorded in detail.All patients were examined by Self-rating Anxiety Scale,Self-rating Depression Scale,Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scale in order to exclude organic brain disorders,metabolic diseases,anxiety,depression,sleep disorders and drug-induced cognitive dysfunction.Subjects in the two groups received Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA),electroencephalogram and blood oxygen level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging examination.Finally,the results were compared between the two groups.Results ①SED had different effects on cognitive function in adult patients with epilepsy,and the MoCA score (26(22,27)) showed statistically significant difference compared with the control group (29 (28,29),Z =-6.26,P =0.00).②Different discharges indexes showed different effects on cognitive function aspects.Cognitive impairment was significant when the discharges indexes were > 10% (discharges indexes 1%-10%:MoCA score 26(26,28),discharges indexes 10%-50%:MoCA score 22(19.5,25),Z =-4.74,P =0.00).③The cognitive function of epilepsy patients was positively correlated with the duration of education (r =0.41,P =0.00) and the time interval to recent seizure (r =0.31,P =0.02),and negatively correlated with SED (r =-0.57,P=0.17).There was no correlation between cognitive function and duration of disease and onset age.The SED was the main influencing factor of cognitive function in epilepsy.④Compared with healthy people,epilepsy patients with SED showed differences in resting brain function network connection,with strong connective regions at the right inferior temporal gyrus,right hippocampus,bilateral thalamus,with weak connective regions at the double medial upper frontal gyrus,lateral dorsal frontal gyurs.Conclusions SED had an effect on the cognitive function of adult patients with epilepsy.The mechanism of cognitive impairment in adult epilepsy with SED may be related to abnormal brain function in cognitive-related areas.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 865-870, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700636

ABSTRACT

The laboratory of science and technology center at general hospital explored the appli-cation of PDCA cycle in the bio-safety training for research-oriented medical postgraduates, and then analyzed the effect of the training. The laboratory applied the PDCA cycle (Plan-Do-Check-Act) into the bio-safety training practice based on its own characteristics. The 4 links of bio-safety practice including bio-safety factors analysis, training plan implementation, training effectiveness evaluation and problems feed-back were integrated with 4 processes of PDCA cycle management. In view of the problems existing in the laboratory bio-safety training, the PDCA cycle model was applied to bio-safety training. Though the PDCA cycle, the laboratory can establish a bio-logical safety quality monitoring mechanism and achieve the system-atization, standardization and normalization of biosafety training.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1224-1228, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696564

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the clinical characteristics of acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRIs)induced wheezing,and to explore the impact of wheezing ALRIs on the subsequent respiratory diseases and lung function. Methods A total of 1726 hospitalized infants who were diagnosed with ALRIs in Children′s Hospital of Fudan University between March 2011 and February 2012 were enrolled and classified into wheezing group and non -wheezing group. Data were collected regarding demographic characteristics,family status,clinical presentations,respira-tory pathogens,and pulmonary function tests (PFTs). Subjects were followed up with questionnaires in 6 months and 1 year after discharge. PFTs were performed in 50 wheezing infants at 6 months after discharge. Results In the 1726 hospitalized infants,471 cases had a wheezing episode (27. 3%). The majority (262 / 471 cases,55. 6%)of infants with wheezing were reported with a family history of atopy. The total detection rate of viruses in wheezing group was 73. 7% . The detection rate of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)in wheezing group was higher than that of non-whee-zing group (68. 6% vs. 47. 0%),and the difference was significant (P < 0. 001). For infants less than 3 months,the wheezing group had less time to peak tidal expiratory flow as a percentage of total expiratory time (TPTEF/ TE)and volume to peak tidal expiratory flow as a percentage of total expiratory volume (VPTEF/ VE),compared with the non -wheezing group [(22. 9 ± 9. 8)% vs. (29. 2 ± 12. 3)% and (25. 7 ± 8. 0)% vs. (29. 8 ± 9. 6)%,respectively],and the differences were significant (all P < 0. 05). After 6 months,the wheezing group increased TPTEF/ TE and VPTEF/VE [(24. 0 ± 9. 0)% vs. (19. 9 ± 6. 7)%,(25. 8 ± 7. 0)% vs. (23. 2 ± 5. 0)%,respectively],and the differences were significant (all P < 0. 05),but still below normal level. Patients with wheezing were more likely to develop subse-quent wheezing during the following 1 year (20. 0% vs. 10. 6%),and the difference was significant (P < 0. 001). Conclusion Wheezing in infants with ALRIs is related to family history of atopy and viral infections,especially to RSV. Hospitalization for wheezing ALRIs is associated with impaired lung function and a higher frequency of subsequent wheezing.

16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1267-1270, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609308

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the injury of pulmonary function of children with idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis(IPH) and the changes after treatment,and to provide some guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of IPH.Methods Twenty-one children with IPH who were admiued at Children's Hospital of Fudan University between June 2012 and May 2016 were selected.The pulmonary function and clinical data of them were analyzed.Results The general pulmonary function of 21 children with IPH before treatment with glucocorticoid was reported that 4 cases (19.05%) were normal and 17 cases (80.95%) were abnormal,including 11 cases (52.38%) with restrictive ventilatory disorder,4 cases (19.05%) with mixed ventilatory disorder,1 case (4.76%) with obstructive ventilatory disorder,and 1 case (4.76%) with small airway dysfunction.Pulmonary function test was performed on 15 cases after 1-2 months of treatment with glucocorticoid.The results showed that maximal vital capacity (VCmax%) vs.the expected value was (77.91 ± 18.86)% vs.(60.43 ± 23.70)%,forced vital capacity (FVC%) vs.the expected value was (78.96 ±19.24)% vs.(61.03 ±24.62)% and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1%) vs.the expected value was (86.03 ± 21.69) % vs.(65.17 ± 26.89) %,which were significantly higher than those before treatment,and the differences were statistically significant (t =-4.13,-4.01,-4.54,all P < 0.05).Three cases were followed up for 18 to 40 months by detecting pulmonary function and the results of dynamic monitoring of pulmonary function showed a fluctuation in FVC% [case 1:(69.6-84.2) %;case 2:(56.1-73.7) %;case 3:(40.4-70.2) %].Conclusion The characteristic pulmonary function changes in children with IPH are restrictive ventilatory disorder.Pulmonary function test play a significant role in diagnosis,treatment and prognosis of IPH.

17.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 431-437, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620024

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution of cytotoxin-associated gene A (cagA) of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) and the polymorphism of EPIYA motifs in patients with upper gastrointestinal diseases in Changchun area of China and to evaluate the association between EPYIA motifs patterns and gastrointestinal diseases.Methods Hp strains were isolated from clinical samples.Their cagA gene was analyzed by PCR and sequencing analysis.Nucleotide sequence of cagA gene was translated into amino acid sequence by using DNAMAN software,and then the amino acid sequence was imported into software MEGA6.0 for multiple comparisons and construction of a phylogenetic tree.Results A total of 60 Hp strains were isolated and identified from gastric mucosa specimens collected from 298 patients.Hp infection was not correlated with patient's age or sex (P>0.05).The isolation rate of Hp in peptic ulcer disease (PUD) group was higher than that in non-peptic ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) group (P<0.05).Of the 60 Hp strains,90% (54/60) carried cagA gene.Twenty-three out of 26 successfully sequenced strains (88.4%) were East Asian-type including 22 containing EPIYA-ABD motif and one containing EPIYA-ABBD motif.The other three strains (11.6%) were Western type including two carrying EPIYA-ABC motif and one carrying EPIYA-BC motif.Results of the phylogenetic tree showed that the sequences of cagA gene were clustered into two groups,East Asian-type and Western-type groups.East Asian-type strains caused no disease cluster of statistical significance.All Western-type Hp strains were isolated from patients with peptic ulcer disease (PUD).Four mutant Hp strains were detected in the PUD group and the amino acid mutations preferentially occurred in the EPIYA-B segment.Conclusion The positive rate of Hp cagA gene is 90% in this region.Its distribution is not related to the type of gastrointestinal diseases.EPIYA-ABD (84.6%,22/26) is the predominant EPIYA motif.The amino acid mutation of EPIYA-B segment is closely related to peptic ulcer disease.Neither significant change in the sequence of 3' region of Hp cagA gene nor regional difference is observed in those Hp strains circulating in Changchun area of China.

18.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 599-603, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659619

ABSTRACT

Background:Ulcerative colitis (UC)is a chronic inflammatory disorder. Studies have shown that intestinal injury of UC is related to changes of tight junction proteins. Aims:To investigate the expressions and localizations of tight junction protein claudin-1,-2,-4. Methods:Forty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control group and model group. Rats in model group received 7. 5 mg/ mL oxazolone enema to induce experimental colitis. Rats received 0. 9%NaCl solution enema were served as normal controls. Macroscopic score and histological score were assessed. ELISA was used to determine serum and colon tissue inflammatory factor TNF-α,IL-4,IL-5,IL-10 levels. Protein expressions of tight junction protein claudin-1,-2,-4 were measured by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. mRNA expressions of claudin-1,-2,-4 were determined by real-time PCR. Results:Compared with normal control group,macroscopic score and histological score were significantly increased (P < 0. 05),serum and colon tissue IL-4 and IL-5 levels were significantly increased (P < 0. 05)in model group,however,no significant differences in TNF-α and IL-10 levels were found between the two groups (P > 0. 05). mRNA and protein expressions of claudin-1,-4 were significantly decreased in model group than in normal control group (P < 0. 05),while mRNA and protein expressions of claudin-2 were significantly increased (P < 0. 05). Conclusions:Changes of distributions and expressions of tight junction protein claudin-1,-2,-4 are found in experimental colitis rats,which may lead to impaired epithelial barrier,and might be served as potential target for treatment of UC.

19.
Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine ; (6): 49-51, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe change of peripheral serum levels of soluble ST 2 (sST2 ) and copeptin in patients with chronic heart disease (CHF) ,and explore their diagnostic value for heart failure . Methods :A total of 80 CHF patients ,who hospitalized in our department of cardiology from Jun 1st ,2015 to Dec 1st ,2015 ,were selected as CHF group .Meanwhile ,another 30 patients with cardiac neurosis or arrhythmia were regarded as normal cardiac function group .According to NYHA classification ,CHF group was further divided into class II group (n= 22 ) , class III group (n=32) and class IV group (n=26) .Serum sST2 and copeptin levels were measured and compared a‐mong all groups ,and their correlation was analyzed .Results:Compared with normal cardiac function group ,there were significant rise in serum levels of sST2 [(0.27 ± 0.09) ng/ml vs .(1.18 ± 0.81) ng/ml] and copeptin [(1239.64 ± 229.98) pg/ml vs .(1987.16 ± 426.84) pg/ml] in CHF group , P< 0.01 both .Compared with class II group , there were significant rise in serum levels of sST2 [ (0.46 ± 0.17) ng/ml vs .(0.77 ± 0.18) ng/ml vs .(2.31 ± 0.29) ng/ml] and copeptin [ (1625.61 ± 522.13) pg/ml vs .(2103.15 ± 340.74) pg/ml vs .(2194.31 ± 332.97) pg/ml] in class III and class IV group ,and those of class IV group were significantly higher than those of class III group , P<0.05 or <0.01 .Pearson product‐moment correlation analysis indicated that serum sST2 level was significant posi‐tively correlated with serum copeptin level in CHF group (r=0.66 ,P=0.005) .Conclusion:Serum sST2 and copep‐tin levels are closely associated with severity of heart failure .They can be used as markers for heart failure ,which is worth extending .

20.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 599-603, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662234

ABSTRACT

Background:Ulcerative colitis (UC)is a chronic inflammatory disorder. Studies have shown that intestinal injury of UC is related to changes of tight junction proteins. Aims:To investigate the expressions and localizations of tight junction protein claudin-1,-2,-4. Methods:Forty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control group and model group. Rats in model group received 7. 5 mg/ mL oxazolone enema to induce experimental colitis. Rats received 0. 9%NaCl solution enema were served as normal controls. Macroscopic score and histological score were assessed. ELISA was used to determine serum and colon tissue inflammatory factor TNF-α,IL-4,IL-5,IL-10 levels. Protein expressions of tight junction protein claudin-1,-2,-4 were measured by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. mRNA expressions of claudin-1,-2,-4 were determined by real-time PCR. Results:Compared with normal control group,macroscopic score and histological score were significantly increased (P < 0. 05),serum and colon tissue IL-4 and IL-5 levels were significantly increased (P < 0. 05)in model group,however,no significant differences in TNF-α and IL-10 levels were found between the two groups (P > 0. 05). mRNA and protein expressions of claudin-1,-4 were significantly decreased in model group than in normal control group (P < 0. 05),while mRNA and protein expressions of claudin-2 were significantly increased (P < 0. 05). Conclusions:Changes of distributions and expressions of tight junction protein claudin-1,-2,-4 are found in experimental colitis rats,which may lead to impaired epithelial barrier,and might be served as potential target for treatment of UC.

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