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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 299-308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992602

ABSTRACT

The acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults have a higher rate of neurological injury and early death compared with atlas or axial fractures alone. Currently, the diagnosis and treatment choices of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults are controversial because of the lack of standards for implementation. Non-operative treatments have a high incidence of bone nonunion and complications, while surgeries may easily lead to the injury of the vertebral artery, spinal cord and nerve root. At present, there are no evidence-based Chinese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults. To provide orthopedic surgeons with the most up-to-date and effective information in treating acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults, the Spinal Trauma Group of Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts in the field of spinal trauma to develop the Evidence-based guideline for clinical diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults ( version 2023) by referring to the "Management of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults" published by American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)/Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) in 2013 and the relevant Chinese and English literatures. Ten recommendations were made concerning the radiological diagnosis, stability judgment, treatment rules, treatment options and complications based on medical evidence, aiming to provide a reference for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 204-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992589

ABSTRACT

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) combined with spinal fractures with thoracic and lumbar fracture as the most common type shows characteristics of unstable fracture, high incidence of nerve injury, high mortality and high disability rate. The diagnosis may be missed because it is mostly caused by low-energy injury, when spinal rigidity and osteoporosis have a great impact on the accuracy of imaging examination. At the same time, the treatment choices are controversial, with no relevant specifications. Non-operative treatments can easily lead to bone nonunion, pseudoarthrosis and delayed nerve injury, while surgeries may be failed due to internal fixation failure. At present, there are no evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of AS combined with thoracic and lumbar fracture. In this context, the Spinal Trauma Academic Group of Orthopedics Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts to formulate the Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of adult ankylosing spondylitis combined with thoracolumbar fracture ( version 2023) by following the principles of evidence-based medicine and systematically review related literatures. Ten recommendations on the diagnosis, imaging evaluation, classification and treatment of AS combined with thoracic and lumbar fracture were put forward, aiming to standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment of such disorder.

3.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 307-314, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977328

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Depression was common during coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, while the association of perceived stress with depression among vaccinated healthcare workers has not been investigated. This study aimed to address this issue. @*Methods@#We included a total of 898 fully vaccinated healthcare workers during the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 Delta variant in Nanjing, 2021. Depression was ascertained by Patient Health Questionnaire-9, with a cut-off score of ≥5 indicative of mild-to-severe depression. Perceived stress, resilience, and compassion fatigue were assessed by Perceived Stress Scale-10, Resilience Scale-25, and Professional Quality of Life Scale version-5, respectively. Logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI), along with subgroup and mediation analyses. @*Results@#The prevalence of mild-to-severe depression was 41.1% in vaccinated healthcare workers. The odd of mild-to-severe depression was increased with higher perceived stress. Compared with vaccinated healthcare workers with the lowest tertile of perceived stress, those with the highest tertile had increased odds of mild-to-severe depression by 120% (OR 2.20, 95% CI 1.46 to 3.31) after multivariable-adjustment. However, perceived stress was not associated with mild-to-severe depression in vaccinated healthcare workers with strong resilience, but was in those with weak resilience (pinteraction=0.004). Further analysis showed that compassion fatigue mediated the relationship between perceived stress and mild-to-severe depression, with a mediating effect of 49.7%. @*Conclusion@#Perceived stress was related to an increased odd of mild-to-severe depression in vaccinated healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic, and this relationship might be explained by compassion fatigue.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 961-972, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956541

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) can lead to lower back pain and may be even accompanied by scoliosis, neurological dysfunction and other complications, which will affect the daily activities and life quality of patients. Vertebral augmentation is an effective treatment method for OVCF, but it cannot correct unbalance of bone metabolism or improve the osteoporotic status, causing complications like lower back pain, limited spinal activities and vertebral refracture. The post-operative systematic and standardized rehabilitation treatments can improve curative effect and therapeutic efficacy of anti-osteoporosis, reduce risk of vertebral refracture, increase patient compliance and improve quality of life. Since there still lack relevant clinical treatment guidelines for postoperative rehabilitation treatments following vertebral augmentation for OVCF, the current treatments are varied with uneven therapeutic effect. In order to standardize the postoperative rehabilitation treatment, the Spine Trauma Group of the Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized relevant experts to refer to relevant literature and develop the "Guideline for postoperative rehabilitation treatment following vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (2022 version)" based on the clinical guidelines published by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) as well as on the principles of scientificity, practicality and advancement. The guideline provided evidence-based recommendations on 10 important issues related to postoperative rehabilitation treatments of OVCF.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 538-544, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956471

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of refracture of the injured vertebrae after percutaneous vertebral augmentation for acute symptomatic thoracolumbar osteoporotic compression fractures (ASTOCFs).Methods:A case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 2 237 ASTOCFs patients admitted to three hospitals from January 2010 to January 2019. There were 569 males and 1 668 females, with age range of 50-85 years [(66.7±4.8)years]. The patients underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) or percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP). According to the radiographic outcomes, the patients were divided into refracture group ( n=315) and non-refracture group ( n=1 922). Data were recorded for the two groups, including basic demographics (gender, age, height and weight), personal habits (smoking and alcohol consumption), basic diseases (diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), preoperative bone mineral density, fracture segment, number of injured vertebrae, surgical method (PVP or PKP), surgical approach, bone cement viscosity, distance from cement to the upper and lower endplate, cement volume in injured vertebrae, cement leakage, postoperative exercise, and postoperative anti-osteoporosis treatment. The above data were analyzed to identify their correlation with postoperative refracture of the injured vertebrae by univariate analysis. The independent risk factors for postoperative refracture of the injured vertebrae were determined by multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Results:Univariate analysis showed that refracture of injured vertebrae was correlated with gender, age, diabetes, fracture segment, surgical method, distance from cement to the upper and lower endplate, postoperative exercise, and postoperative anti-osteoporosis treatment ( P<0.05 or 0.01), but there was no correlation with height, weight, smoking, alcohol consumption, hypertension, coronary heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, preoperative bone mineral density, number of fractured vertebrae, surgical approach, bone cement viscosity, cement volume in injured vertebrae or cement leakage (all P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that female ( OR=1.92, 95% CI 1.34-2.64, P<0.01), age ≥80 years ( OR=1.21, 95%CI 1.17-1.25, P<0.01), diabetes ( OR=1.92, 95% CI 0.44-2.55, P<0.01), thoracolumbar fracture ( OR=1.46, 95% CI 1.82-7.51, P<0.05), PKP ( OR=4.56, 95% CI 0.86-1.44, P<0.05), no postoperative exercise ( OR=2.14,95% CI 0.27-0.38, P<0.01), and no postoperative anti-osteoporosis treatment ( OR=2.36,95% CI 0.13-0.47, P<0.05) were positively correlated with refracture of injured vertebrae. Conclusion:Female, age ≥80 years, diabetes, thoracolumbar fracture, PKP, no postoperative exercise, and no postoperative anti-osteoporosis treatment are independent risk factors for refracture of injured vertebrae after percutaneous vertebral augmentation for ASTOCFs.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 90-97, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943088

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of icariin on the recombinant Ras homolog family member A (RhoA)/Rho-associated coiled-coil forming protein kinase (ROCK) signaling pathway in rats with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and to explore the mechanism of icariin in ameliorating the neuronal and dendritic damage. MethodThe β-amyloid 1-42 (Aβ1-42, 2.5 g·L-1) was used to induce AD in rats via lateral ventricle injection, and the rats were divided into a model group, a low-dose icariin group (0.03 g·kg-1), a middle-dose icariin group (0.06 g·kg-1), a high-dose icariin group (0.09 g·kg-1), and a control group. The control group and the model group were given an equal volume of normal saline at a dose of 10 mL·kg-1. The cognitive function of rats was assessed by the Morris water maze. The pathological morphology of the rat hippocampal CA1 area was observed by Nissl staining. Dendritic spine density and dendritic length in the CA1 region of the hippocampus were observed by Golgi-Cox staining. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, RhoA, ROCK1, and ROCK2 in the hippocampus. Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, RhoA, ROCK1, and ROCK2 in the hippocampus. ResultAs compared with the control group, the escape latency of the rats in the model group was increased (P<0.01), while the number of crossing the platform and the dwelling time in the target quadrant were decreased (P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the escape latency of the rats in the middle and high-dose icariin groups was decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while the number of crossing the platform and the dwelling time in the target quadrant were increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). As compared with the control group, the number of neurons, dendritic spine density, and dendritic length in the hippocampal CA1 area of the rats in the model group were decreased (P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the number of neurons, dendritic spine density, and dendritic length in the hippocampus of the rats in the middle and high-dose icariin groups were increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). As compared with the control group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, RhoA, ROCK1, and ROCK2 in the hippocampus of the rats in the model group were increased (P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, RhoA, ROCK1, and ROCK2 in the hippocampus of the rats in the middle and high-dose icariin groups were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionIcariin improves cognitive function and neuronal and dendritic damage in AD by inhibiting the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway.

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 848-851, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911290

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the value of ultrasonographic measurement of submental soft tissue distance in predicting poor ventilation with laryngeal mask airway (LMA).Methods:A total of 272 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients, aged 25-78 yr, weighing 40-85 kg, with mechanical ventilation time 30-120 min, scheduled for elective lower limb vascular surgery or lithotripsy under general anesthesia with LMA, were selected.The parameters of submental soft tissue of tongue thickness (TT), distance from skin to the hyoid bone (DSHB), distance from skin to epiglottis midway (DSEM) and distance from skin to anterior commissure of the vocal cords (DSAC) were measured using ultrasonography before operation.The type of LMA was chosen according to the instruction book.The development of failure of LMA placement at the first attempt, air leakage around LMA cuff during mechanical ventilation, peak airway pressure >20 cmH 2O and gastric insufflation detected by ultrasonography were recorded.The development of one or more adverse events mentioned above was considered to be poor ventilation.The patients were divided into normal ventilation group (N group) and poor ventilation group (P group) according to whether poor ventilation occurred.The receiver operating characteristic curve for ultrasonographic measurement of submental soft tissue distance in predicting poor ventilation with LMA was drawn, and the area under the curve (AUC) and 95% confidence interval (CI), sensitivity and specificity and cut-off value were calculated.The risk factors of which P values were less than 0.05 would enter the logistic regression analysis to stratify the risk factors for poor ventilation with LMA. Results:The AUC for TT, DSHB, DSEM and DSAC measured using ultrasonography in predicting poor ventilation with LMA (95%CI) was 0.866 (0.813-0.919), 0.755 (0.683-0.827), 0.835 (0.772-0.899) and 0.705 (0.628-0.782) ( P<0.05 or 0.01), respectively.The results of logistic regression analysis showed that TT≥6.140 cm, DSHB≥1.145 cm, DSEM≥2.175 cm and DSAC≥1.075 cm were risks factor for poor ventilation with LMA. Conclusion:Ultrasonographic measurement of TT, DSHB, DSEM and DSAC can predict the development of poor ventilation with LMA.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 117-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867690

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Almost 70% of patients susceptible to 2019-nCoV are over age of 50 years, with extremely large proportion of critical illness and death of the elderly patients. Meanwhile, the elderly patients are at high risk of osteoporotic fractures especially osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). During the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic, the orthopedists are confronted with the following difficulties including how to screen and protect OVCF patients, how to accurately diagnose and assess the condition of suspected or confirmed COVID-19 patients, and how to develop reasonable treatment plans and comprehensive protective measures in emergency and outpatient clinics. In order to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19, the authors jointly develop this expert consensus to systematically recommend the standardized emergency and outpatient screening and confirmation procedures for OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and protective measures for emergency and outpatient clinics. Moreover, the consensus describes the grading and classification of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19 according to the severity of illness and recommends different treatment plans and corresponding protective measures.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 117-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811517

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Almost 70% of patients susceptible to 2019-nCoV are over age of 50 years, with extremely large proportion of critical illness and death of the elderly patients. Meanwhile, the elderly patients are at high risk of osteoporotic fractures especially osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). During the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic, orthopedists are confronted with the following difficulties including how to screen and protect OVCF patients, how to accurately diagnose and assess the condition of OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19, and how to develop reasonable treatment plans and comprehensive protective measures in emergency and outpatient clinics. In order to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of patients with OVCF diagnosed with COVID-19, the authors jointly develop this expert consensus. The consensus systematically recommends the standardized emergency and outpatient screening and confirmation procedures for OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and protective measures for emergency and outpatient clinics. Moreover, the consensus describes the grading and classification of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19 according to the severity of illness and recommends different treatment plans and corresponding protective measures based on the different types and epidemic prevention and control requirements.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 322-328, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737955

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of major human parasitic diseases and related factors in Henan province.Methods This stratified sampling survey was carried out according to the requirement of national survey protocol of major human parasitic diseases,2014-2015.The prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths infection,taeniasis and intestinal protozoiasis were surveyed in 104 sites selected from 35 counties (districts) and the prevalence of clonorchiasis was surveyed in 62 sites selected from 37 townships.In each survey spot,250 persons were surveyed.A total of 26 866 persons and 15 893 persons were surveyed.Modified Kato-Katz thick smear was used to detect the eggs of intestinal helminthes.Tube fecal culture was used to identify the species of hookworm.The Enterobius eggs were detected in children aged 3 to 6 years by using adhesive tape.The cyst and trophozoite of intestinal protozoa were examined with physiological saline direct smear method and iodine stain method.Results The overall infestation rate of intestinal parasites was 2.02% in Henan,and the worm infection rate was higher than protozoa infection rate.Fourteen kinds of intestinal parasites were found,including nematode (5 species),trematode (2 species),and protozoan (7 species).The infection rate of Enterobius vermicularis was highest,and Qinba Mountain ecological area had the highest infestation rate of intestinal parasites in 4 ecological areas of Henan.There was no significant difference in intestinal parasite infection rote between males and females (x2=3.630,P=0.057),and the differences in intestinal parasite infection rate among different age groups had significance (x2=124.783,P=0.000 1).The infection rate reached the peak in age group ≤9 years and the major parasite was Enterobius vermicularis.Furthermore the overall human infection rate of parasite showed a downward trend with the increase of educational level of the people (x2=70.969,P=0.000 1),the differences had significance (x2=120.118,P=0.000 1).For different populations,the infection rate of intestinal parasites was highest among preschool children.The infection of intestinal helminth was mainly mild,only 2 severe cases were detected.The infection rate of Clonorchis sinensis in urban residents was only 0.006%.Logistic regression analysis showed that being preschool children (x2=15.765,P=0.000 1) and drinking well water (X2=45.589,P=0.000 1) were the risk factors for intestinal parasite infection,and annual income per capita of farmers was the protective factor against intestinal parasite infection.The infection rates of protozoa and intestinal parasites decreased sharply compared with the results of previous two surveys,and the rate of intestinal helminth infection also dropped sharply compared with the second survey.The numbers of protozoa,helminth and intestinal parasites detected in this survey were all less than the numbers found in the previous two surveys.Conclusions Compared the results of three surveys in Henan,the infection rate of protozoa and intestinal parasites showed a downward trend.The prevention and treatment of Enterobius vermicularis infection in children should be the key point of parasitic disease control in the future.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 322-328, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736487

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of major human parasitic diseases and related factors in Henan province.Methods This stratified sampling survey was carried out according to the requirement of national survey protocol of major human parasitic diseases,2014-2015.The prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths infection,taeniasis and intestinal protozoiasis were surveyed in 104 sites selected from 35 counties (districts) and the prevalence of clonorchiasis was surveyed in 62 sites selected from 37 townships.In each survey spot,250 persons were surveyed.A total of 26 866 persons and 15 893 persons were surveyed.Modified Kato-Katz thick smear was used to detect the eggs of intestinal helminthes.Tube fecal culture was used to identify the species of hookworm.The Enterobius eggs were detected in children aged 3 to 6 years by using adhesive tape.The cyst and trophozoite of intestinal protozoa were examined with physiological saline direct smear method and iodine stain method.Results The overall infestation rate of intestinal parasites was 2.02% in Henan,and the worm infection rate was higher than protozoa infection rate.Fourteen kinds of intestinal parasites were found,including nematode (5 species),trematode (2 species),and protozoan (7 species).The infection rate of Enterobius vermicularis was highest,and Qinba Mountain ecological area had the highest infestation rate of intestinal parasites in 4 ecological areas of Henan.There was no significant difference in intestinal parasite infection rote between males and females (x2=3.630,P=0.057),and the differences in intestinal parasite infection rate among different age groups had significance (x2=124.783,P=0.000 1).The infection rate reached the peak in age group ≤9 years and the major parasite was Enterobius vermicularis.Furthermore the overall human infection rate of parasite showed a downward trend with the increase of educational level of the people (x2=70.969,P=0.000 1),the differences had significance (x2=120.118,P=0.000 1).For different populations,the infection rate of intestinal parasites was highest among preschool children.The infection of intestinal helminth was mainly mild,only 2 severe cases were detected.The infection rate of Clonorchis sinensis in urban residents was only 0.006%.Logistic regression analysis showed that being preschool children (x2=15.765,P=0.000 1) and drinking well water (X2=45.589,P=0.000 1) were the risk factors for intestinal parasite infection,and annual income per capita of farmers was the protective factor against intestinal parasite infection.The infection rates of protozoa and intestinal parasites decreased sharply compared with the results of previous two surveys,and the rate of intestinal helminth infection also dropped sharply compared with the second survey.The numbers of protozoa,helminth and intestinal parasites detected in this survey were all less than the numbers found in the previous two surveys.Conclusions Compared the results of three surveys in Henan,the infection rate of protozoa and intestinal parasites showed a downward trend.The prevention and treatment of Enterobius vermicularis infection in children should be the key point of parasitic disease control in the future.

12.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 2229-2231, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610653

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of detection rates of IL-2,IL-6 and serum anti-Chlamydia immunodominant protein antibody in the patients with Chlamydia trachomatis genital tract infection.Methods Sixty women with genital tract infection (CT group) and 60 healthy women (control group) were selected in our hospital from January to May 2016.The serum levels of IL-2,IL-6 and anti-Chlamydia immunodominant protein and IL-2 and IL-6 levels in cervical secretions were detected in the two groups.Results The IL-2 and IL-6 levels of serum and cervical secretions in the CT group were significantly higher than those in the control group,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05);the positive detection rates of serum OmcBc antibody,Pgp3 antibody,HSP60 antibody and CTT841 antibody in the CT group were 45.00%,75.00%,23.33% and 38.33% respectively,which were significantly higher than those in the control group,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion The positive detection rates of IL-2,IL-6 and serum anti-Chlamydia immunodominant protein antibody in the patients with genital tract Chlamydia infection are significantly increased,which has some guiding significance for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 165-167, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621564

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided polyglycol in patients with scar pregnancy. Methods Thirty-six patients with scarring treated in Third People's Hospital of Hangzhou from November 2014 to November 2016 were selected as subjects. All patients underwent ultrasound-guided polyglycol administration. The results were analyzed and analyzed. The results were analyzed. Gonadotropin (β-HCG) returned to normal time and the occurrence of adverse symptoms. Results The average recovery time, treatment cost, average recovery time and adverse reaction rate of blood β-HCG in the study group were lower than those in the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The effect of ultrasound on the injection of polyphenols in patients with scar pregnancy is safe, feasible and easy to be accepted by patients and their families. It has clinical significance.

14.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 942-949, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494380

ABSTRACT

A benzyl functionalized ionic liquid, 1-benzyl-3-methylimidazolium bis [( trifluoromethyl ) sulfonyl]imide ([BeMIM][Tf2 N]), was synthesized and characterized as an extraction solvent of dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction ( DLLME) for enrichment and determination of 5 organophosphorus pesticides (phoxim, fenitrothion, chlorpyrifos, phorate and parathion) and 2 aromatic compounds (chloronaphthalene and anthracene) from environmental water samples by high-performance liquid chromatography ( HPLC). [BeMIM] [ Tf2 N] had higher extraction efficiency than 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium bis [( trifluoromethyl) sulfonyl]imide and common organic solvents such as CCl4 and C2 Cl4 . The extraction was performed using 40 μL of [BeMIM][Tf2N] and 1 mL of methanol as extraction solvent and dispersive solvent respectively with centrifugal time of 5 min. Under the optimal conditions, the method proposed here provided a good linearity for all analytes with correlation coefficients between 0. 9994 and 0. 9998. The repeatability values, described as intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviations (RSDs) of five replicate experiments at three different concentrations of 10, 40 and 100 μg / L, were 1. 1% -4. 3% and 0. 8% -4. 8% , respectively. The limits of detection (LOD) were 0. 01 μg / L-1. 0 μg / L at a signal-to-noise ratio (S / N) of 3. This developed method was convenient and speedy, and could be employed to detect the analytes in three real environmental water samples with satisfactory relative recovery of 82. 7% -118. 3% and RSD of 0. 7% -5. 6% . Introduction of benzyl group into the imidazolium could obviously enhance the extraction efficiecny for analytes due to the π-πinteraction between [BeMIM] [ Tf2 N] and analytes. [ BeMIM] [ Tf2 N] was a satisfactory extraction solvent with a high enrichment factor of 339 and extraction efficiency of 81. 4% . Partition coefficients of all analytes in [BeMIM][Tf2 N]-DLLME system were determined and the extraction mechanism was discussed.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1275-1276,1281, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604488

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical application and value of percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGD)under CT guide in high-risk emergency.Methods In all 57 old patients with high-risk acute cholecystitis in emergency,cuff-PTGD in 39 was performed and fractional step PTGD in 18 was also used.Results PTGD was successfully in all patients.After PTGD,except for 1 patient died of severe cardiac insufficiency,the abdominal pain and fever were alleviated during 72 hours,and the complications was not demonstrated.Conclusion As a safe,noninvasive and accurate method,CT-guided PTGD may relieve symptoms quickly,reduce the mortality and improve the treatment for some old patients with high risk acute cholecystitis.

16.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 53-55, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445414

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate effect of applying nursing flowchart in the post-anesthesia care unit(PACU).Method The nursing flowchart in PACU are as follous,including a ventilator connection,monitoring instrument connection,handover of pipeline and skin and training for PACU nurses.Results After application of the nursing flowchart,the nursing time for postoperative patients was reduced from 7.0 min to 4.0 min.No nursing risks and adverse events occurred.Conclusion Application of nursing flowchart in PACU can improve the quality of nursing and enhance patients safety.

17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 948-951, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268958

ABSTRACT

Discrimination of abnormal images from the numerous wireless capsule endoscope (WCE) video sequence images is laborious and time-consuming, so that a computer-based automatic image recognition system is desired for this task. We propose an algorithm to allow feature extraction from each image channel and decision fusion using multiple BP neural networks. The algorithm was tested and the results demonstrated its high efficiency and accuracy in identification of abnormalities in the WCE images.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Capsule Endoscopy , Methods , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Methods , Pattern Recognition, Automated , Methods
18.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Cardiology ; (4)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-583369

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical features diagnosis and treatment of left main coronary artery (LM) disease. Methods According to the results of coronary angiography,significant stenosis was defined as ≥50% stenosis. Isolated LM group had 9 patients (4.62%),one-vessel stenosis LM group 15 patients (7.69%),two-vessel stenosis LM group 53 patients (27.18%) and three-vessel stenosis LM group 118 patients (60.51%). Results 195 cases (6.74%) of LM stenosis were found. The incidence rate was low. 164 patients (84.1%) had unstable angina,and 125 patients (64.1%) had myocardial infarction. Coronary artery bypass surgery was performed in 57 patients (29.2%) and the angina disappeared in most of them (84.2%). Five patients received unprotected LM stenosis and angina disappeared in all. Conclusion LM stenosis has sever symptoms. Coronary angiography is the only way for diagnosis and CABG the best treatment. Unprotected LM stenosis is valuable for some patients.

19.
Journal of Chongqing Medical University ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-581145

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)on plasma monoamine neurotransmitters. Methods:80 healthy adult male coke oven workers were selected from a coke plant of a state-owned steel enterprise,80 controls were selected from the oxygen factory. Concentration of benzo[a]pyrene(B[a])P in the working environment was monitored by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC)with fluorescence detector. The level of urinary 1-hydroxypyrene(1-OHP)was determ ined by HPLC with fluorescence detector.The plasma noradrenaline(NE),adrenaline(AD),dopamine(DA)and serotonin(5-HT)levels were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with electrochemical detection. Results:In the working environment of B[a]P, concentration in coke oven workers were significantly higher than controls (P

20.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539024

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of different restorati ve materials on the health of periodontal tissue. Methods: A total of 40 posterior teeth were divided into four groups with 10 in each. Sil ver amalgam, glass ionomer cements, GlasIonomer Cement FX and light curing Mic roglass composite resin were used to restore Class Ⅱ cavity in each tooth of th e 4 groups respectively . 6 months after restoration gingival cervical fluid (GC F) was collected , GCF aspartate aminotransferase (GCF AST) level was tested a nd plaque index was assessed for each case. Results: The s ilver amalgam and light curing Microglass composite resin groups presented less amount of GCF ( P

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