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1.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 493-496, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of speech training based on mirror neuron theory on children with functional articulation disorder (FAD).Methods:Fifty children with FAD were randomly divided into a training group and a control group, each of 25. Both groups received 30 minutes of conventional speech training 5 times a week for 24 weeks, while the training group was additionally given 20 minutes of speech training based on mirror neuron theory simultaneously. Before and after the intervention, both groups were evaluated using the articulation speech ability assessment scale and the oral motor ability assessment scale.Results:Before the treatment, there were no significant differences between the 2 groups in any of the measurements. After the treatment, significant improvement was observed in all of the measurements for both groups, but at that point the training group′s articulation, motor ability of the lower jaw, tongue and lips were all significantly superior to the control group′s averages.Conclusions:Speech training based on mirror neuron theory can significantly improve the articulation, intelligibility and oral motor functioning of children with functional articulation disorder.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3535-3548, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921446

ABSTRACT

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of persistent pollutants that are widely distributed in the environment. Due to their stable structure and poor degradability, PAHs exhibit carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic toxicity to the ecological environment and organisms, thus increasing attentions have been paid to their removals and remediation. Green, safe and economical technologies are widely used in the bioremediation of PAHs-contaminated soil. This article summarizes the present status of PAHs pollution in soil of China from the aspects of origin, migration, fate, and pollution level. Meanwhile, the types of microorganisms and plants capable of degrading PAHs, as well as the underlying mechanisms, are summarized. The features of three major bioremediation technologies, i.e., microbial remediation, phytoremediation, and joint remediation, are compared. Analysis of the interaction mechanisms between plants and microorganisms, selection and cultivation of stress-resistant strains and plants, as well as safety and efficacy evaluation of practical applications, are expected to become future directions in this field.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons/toxicity , Soil , Soil Microbiology , Soil Pollutants
3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 73-79, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799354

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish a quantitative three-dimensional method based on intraoral scan to evaluate the changes of soft tissue, and to evaluate the changes of supracrestal gingival thickness (SGT) in skeletal class Ⅲ patients induced by periodontal regenerative and corticotomy surgery (PRCS).@*Methods@#Twenty-two systematically and periodontally healthy skeletal class Ⅲ patients (4 males and 18 females, aged between 19 and 35 years), who were in need of combined orthodontic-orthognathic treatment and referred to the Department of Periodontology from the Department of Orthodontics and the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from January, 2018 to March, 2019, were collected in the study. The teeth involved were 112 anterior teeth (46 maxillary anterior teeth and 66 mandibular anterior teeth). PRCS in anterior tooth area was conducted before orthodontic decompensation. Probing depth (PD), bleeding index (BI) and keratinized gingiva width (KGW) were recorded before surgery and 6 months post-surgery. The intraoral digital impressions of maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth were obtained by 3-shape intraoral scanner before surgery and 6 months after surgery. The Standard Tessellation Language (STL) files were processed using Geomagic qualify 12.2 software to establish the soft tissue morphological measurement model, and to quantitatively analyze the changes of gingival thickness situated 1 to 2 mm apical to the free gingival margin on the median sagittal measurement plane.@*Results@#Probing depth and bleeding index had no significant difference before and 6 months after operation (P>0.05). KGW in 6-month post-operation group [(5.18±2.32) mm] was significantly higher than that in pre-operation group [(4.22±1.43) mm] (P<0.05). Supracrestal gingival thickness situated 1 to 2 mm apical to the free gingival margin also significantly increased 6 months after surgery (P<0.05). The changes of gingival thickness situated 1 to 2 mm apical to the free gingival margin in the upper anterior area were (0.68±0.56) and (1.00±0.69) mm, respectively. The changes in the lower anterior area were (0.38±0.42) and (0.58±0.45) mm, respectively. The gingival changes of the upper anterior teeth were also significantly higher than those of the lower anterior teeth (P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#The described quantitative measurement based on intraoral scan could be an effective method for quantitative evaluation of the changes of soft tissue. PRCS could safely increase the supracrestal gingival thickness as well as KGW in skeletal class Ⅲ patients who were in need of combined orthodontic-orthognathic treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 417-422, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707691

ABSTRACT

Objective To analysis the change of hip joint in healthy infants by ultrasound,and establish the normal reference value of the developmental dysplasia of the hip(DDH). Methods A total of 8 000 healthy infants from 0 to 24 weeks were collected from the Multi-center study of 10 children′s medical centers. Among them,3 855 infants(2 065 females and 1 790 males) with complete data and follow-up were included in this study. All subjects were divided into 6 groups ( <4,4~7,8~11,12~15,16~19 and≥20 weeks group). α angle,femoral head length and width,femoral head coverage ratio by acetabulum ( FHC) were measured in the coronal view on the neutral position;distance from pubis to femoral head ( P-H) and distance from ischium to femoral head ( I-H ) were measured in the transverse view on neutral position;distance from femoral head topubis ( H-P) was measured in the posterolateraltransverse view on the flexion position. The results of each group changes with age were analysised. Results ① The α angle of healthy infants from 0 to 20 weeks were increased with age,the difference among the groups were statistically significant( P <0.05),but there was no significant difference between 16~19 and ≥20 weeks group( P >0.05). ②The femoral head length and width of all age groups were increased with age,the difference among all the groups was statistically significant( all P <0.05). ③ FHC from 0 to 20 weeks were increased with age,the difference among the groups were statistically significant( P <0.05) except between 16~19 and ≥20 weeks group( P >0.05). ④ The P-H and I-H in all age groups showed no statistically significant ( all P>0.05). ⑤The H-P of all age groups were increased with age,the difference between the groups were statistically significant(all P <0.05).Conclusions The development of hip joints have the certain regular developmental pattern in healthy infants less than 5 months of birth and are relatively constant after birth more than 5 months. The ultrasound normal reference value of the hip joints can be used for the early diagnosis of the DDH.

5.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 703-707, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666985

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influencing factors and clinical significance of ultrasonic quantitative analysis of the hip-flexion coronal section in the normal infants.Methods Totally 100 normal infants were enrolled.Angle α,angle β and FHC on different positions(mild-flexion and flexion of the hip) were mearured.And angle β on different points(the labrum central and the acetabular tips) were measured.The variation of the measurement index between different positions were analyzed.Results ①There was no significant difference in angle α between the neutral position and hip-flexion position (P >0.05).② FHC decreased in the hip-flexion position,and there was significant difference compared with the neutral position (P <0.05).③βc were greater than βt in the two positions (P <0.05);βc and βt were all greater in hip-flexion position than those in neutral position,the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05).Conclusions The results obtained from angle α is stable under the coronal flexion view of the normal infants,and does not vary with changing position.The change of the angle β and FHC with the hip flexion could be used to evaluate the stability of the hip.Measured angle β on the labrum tip has good repeatability.So this point should be selected to measure the angle β.

6.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 724-727, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495704

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of self-designed Chinese medicine decoction on the expression of c-myc, caspase-3 in the rats with precancerous lesion of chronic atrophic gastritis. Methods The 120 Wistar rats were randomly divided into the normal group, the model group, the Weifuchun group and the high-, medium-and low-dose decoction groups, with 20 rats each group. Except the normal group, the rats in the other groups were prepared for chronic atrophic gastritis precancerous lesion model. After establishing the models successfully, the rats of the high-, medium-and low-dose groups were given decoction via intragastric administration which contained crude drug 2.088, 1.044, 0.522 g/ml respectively, and the Weifuchun group was given drug liquid of Weifuchun with the concentration of 0.076 g/ml. The normal group and the model group were given the equal volume of normal saline. Medicines were given once a day for 12 weeks. Then the expression of c-myc and caspase-3 in the gastric mucosa of rats were detected by using immunohistochemical staining. Results Compared to the model group, the expression of c-myc in the high-, medium-dose decoction groups and the Weifuchun group (30.25%± 3.56 %, 45.37% ± 4.81%, 38.79%± 4.02% vs. 63.45% ± 7.08%) significantly decreased (P<0.01 or P<0.05);and the expression of caspase-3 (36.85%± 5.02%, 31.24%± 4.55%, 31.57%± 4.62%vs. 23.43%± 2.95%) significantly increased (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusions Self-designed Chinese medicine decoction could inhibit the expression of c-myc, and activate caspase-3 expression,which may be one of the mechanisms of treating the disease.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3066-3069, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500969

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore the effects of recombinant adenovirus vector Adxsi-GFP-VP3 carrying apoptin gene VP3 on the apoptosis of human lung squamous carcinoma SK-MES-1 cell lines and human lung adenocarcinoma NCI-H1299 cell lines. METHODS:The exponential phase SK-MES-1 and NCI-H1299 cell lines were respectively divided into a recombinant adenovirus (Adxsi-GFP-VP3) group,a empty virus (Adxsi-GFP) group and a cell control (phosphate buffer) group,which were marked as group A,B and C respectively. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot method were used to detect the ex-pressions of VP3 mRNA and Apoptin in the cells of groups A and B 48 and 72 h after transfection. The change in the ultrastructure of the cells in group A was observed under transmission electron microscope 72 h thereafter. MTT method was adopted to detect the cell proliferation activities of three groups 24,48,72 and 96 h thereafter and flow cytometry to determine the apoptosis rates and cell cycle changes 24,48 and 72 h thereafter. RESULTS:Compared to group B,group A demonstrated the expression of VP3 mRNA in SK-MES-1 and NCI-H1299 cell lines 48 h after transfection,and Apoptin expression and ultrastructure change for apopto-sis of SK-MES-1 and NCI-H1299 cell lines 72 h thereafter. Compared to groups B and C,group A showed lower proliferation activ-ities and higher apoptosis rates of SK-MES-1 and NCI-H1299 cell lines,which had a positive correlation with transfection time;and in the group A,there was a decrease in the proportion of the SK-MES-1 and NCI-H1299 cell lines in S phase and an increase in the proportion of those in G2/M phase,72 h after transfection. There was statistically difference (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Adxsi-GFP-VP3 can effectively induce the apoptosis of SK-MES-1 and NCI-H1299 cell lines.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3812-3814,3815, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of cetuximab in the adjuvant chemotherapy treat-ment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC),and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical treatment. METH-ODS:Retrieved from Cochrane Library,PubMed,CJFD and Wanfang database,randomized controlled trials (RCT) about cetux-imab adjuvant chemotherapy (test group) versus single chemotherapy (control group) in the treatment of advanced NSCLC were collected,and Meta-analysis was performed by using Rev Man 5.2 statistical software after extracting data and evaluating quality. RESULTS:A total of 8 RCT were included,involving 2 367 patients. Results of Meta-analysis showed survival rate in 1 year [OR=1.33,95%CI(1.08,1.64),P=0.006],partial remission rate [OR=1.48,95%CI(1.23,1.78),P0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Cetuximab has good efficacy in the adjuvant chemotherapy treatment of advanced NSCLC,however,the incidence of ADR should be prevented in clinic. Duo to the methodology limit of included studies,large-scale and high quality RCT are required for further validation of the conclusions.

9.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2986-2990, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459033

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of high-dose Ambroxol in treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Methods Retrieved from PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP and WanFang databases by computer, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about high-dose of Ambroxol in treatment of AECOPD were included. According to the inclusive and exclusive criteria, literatures and data were independently screened and extracted by two researchers, and the quality of the studies were assessed, Meta-analysis was conducted by RevMan 5.2 software. Results A total of 7 RCTs were included, involving 534 patients. Meta-analysis showed that experiment group can obviously improve the overall effective rate [OR = 4.11, 95%CI (2.31, 2.31), P < 0.000 01), shorten hospital stays(OR = 3.60, 95% CI (4.66, 2.55), P < 0.00001), compared with the control group was statistically difference, and no obvious adverse reactions. Conclusion High-dose of Ambroxol could improve AECOPD overall effective rate, shorten hospital stays, improve pulmonary function and blood gas analysis, and no serious adverse reactions, be worth clinical promote using.

10.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 1005-1007, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622142

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the potential role of angiopoietin-2 in the rats model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups(n=10): control group; in LPS groups, rats were divided into three subgroups, treated with different dosage of LPS (2 mg/kg, 4 mg/kg and 8 mg/kg). ALI model was established by intravenous injection with LPS, while control group was with NS. The lung histopathology change was observed by HE stain. Western blot was used to measure the expression of Ang-2 in serum. RESULTS: Histologically, alveolar edema, hemorhag, and massive inflammatory cell, infiltration were observed in LPS groups, but not in control group. The pathological score in LPS groups were significantly higher than that in NS group. Compared with 2 mg/kg LPS group, the pathological score in 4 mg/kg LPS group was significantly higher. While the pathological score in 8 mg/kg LPS group was higher than those in other LPS groups. The expression of Ang-2 protein in plasma was significantly higher in LPS groups, but weak in control group. Compared with 2 mg/kg LPS group, the expression of Ang-2 protein in 4 mg/kg LPS group was significantly higher. While the expression of Ang-2 protein in 8 mg/kg LPS group was higher than those in other LPS groups.The expression of Ang-2 protein in plasma were significantly positively correlated with the pathological score (r=0.862, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Ang-2 could participate the pathological course in the rats model of LPS-induced acute lung injury. The expression of Ang-2 protein in serum was significantly positively correlated with the extent lung injury.

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