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1.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 123-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986759

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the differences existing in the auditory mismatch negativity (MMN) amplitude and latency between children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and normal children, and to probe into the significance of MMN latency and amplitude for assessing the auditory perception and attention level in ADHD children and normal children. MethodsOn December 1, 2022, a systematic search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform and VIP databases to identify all well qualified literature focusing on MMN of ADHD children, then the valid data relevant to MMN amplitude and latency were extracted. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used to assess the quality of the included studies, and Stata 20.0 was employed for Meta-analysis. ResultsA total of 9 qualified studies comparing ADHD children (n=170) against healthy controls (n=159) were finally included. Among the included literature, there were 18 matched pairs of MMN amplitude data and 10 matched pairs of MMN latency data at different recording sites. Meta-analysis denoted that ADHD group resulted in potentials of slightly lower MMN amplitude (WMD=-0.334, 95% CI: -1.426~0.758, P=0.549) and notably longer MMN latency (WMD=14.768, 95% CI: 4.660~24.876, P=0.004) compared to control group, and the Bgger's funnel plot did not reveal any publication bias. ConclusionCompared with healthy controls, ADHD children have longer MMN latency, suggesting that the auditory perception and attention level of ADHD children may be reduced.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 957-960, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955573

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of heuristic teaching combined with anchored instruction in nursing teaching in emergency department.Methods:A total of 80 nursing students assigned to the Emergency Department of The First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University from July 2019 to October 2020 were divided into control group and research group, with 40 cases in each group. The control group used traditional teaching, and the research group used heuristic teaching combined with anchored instruction. At the end of the practice, the teaching effect was evaluated through the examination results (theoretical examination and scenario simulation practice skills examination) and questionnaire survey of teaching quality and teaching satisfaction. SPSS 22.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:The theoretical examination scores [(93.20±2.88) vs. (90.53±3.06)] and the practical skill examination scores (basic operation examination, specialized operation examination and comprehensive quality) of the study group were higher than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The overall situation of teaching quality and teaching satisfaction of nursing students in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Heuristic teaching combined with anchored instruction is helpful to improve the theoretical knowledge, practical skills, operation level and comprehensive quality of nursing students, and has good popularization value in clinical nursing teaching.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1061-1065, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of sivelestat, a neutrophil elastase (NE) inhibitor, in the treatment of acute lung injury (ALI) in the intensive care unit (ICU).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 171 patients with ALI in the ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2020 to June 2021, including 77 patients in the sivelestat group and 94 patients in the conventional treatment group. Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) Ⅱ score, Murray lung injury score, oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2 ratio), inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α), ventilator-free days (VFD), the length of ICU stay, and the 28-day mortality were collected to assess the efficacy of sivelestat. At the same time, adverse reactions and laboratory test results within 30 days after the use of sivelestat were recorded to assess the safety. Results:Compared with conventional treatment, oxygenation index, Murray lung injury scores, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α were significantly improved after 7 days of sivelestat treatment. Compared with the conventional treatment group, the VFD was significantly longer ( P = 0.0119) and the length of ICU stay was significantly shorter ( P = 0.0269) in the sivelestat group. The mortality was 14.29% in the sivelestat group and 22.34% in the conventional treatment group and, with no statistically significant. In the meantime, sivelestat did not increase adverse reactions within 30 days after treatment. Conclusions:Sivelestat treatment is safe and more effective than conventional treatment for ALI patients in the ICU.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 540-543, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867883

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of fixed-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) in the treatment of anteromedial knee osteoarthritis or spontaneous osteonecrosis of the femoral condyle.Methods:Between June 2017 and June 2018, 62 consecutive patients were treated at Department of Joint Surgery, Fuzhou Second Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University for anteromedial knee osteoarthritis or spontaneous osteonecrosis of the femoral condyle using a fixed-bearing UKA system. They were 27 men and 35 women, aged from 58 to 85 years (average, 69.8 years). There were 58 cases of anteromedial knee osteoarthritis and 4 cases of spontaneous osteonecrosis of the femoral condyle. The courses of disease ranged from 2 to 10 years (average, 5.1 years). Medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty was performed for all the patients on the fixation platform SLED. Recorded were the hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA) of the patients 2 days after operation, Oxford knee score (OKS) and American Knee Society score (KSS) at the final follow-up and post-operative complications.Results:The 62 patients were followed up for 9 to 21 months (average, 15.6 months). Tibial plateau fracture occurred in one case who eventually obtained bony union after open reduction and internal fixation. Another case had a wound healing problem which responded to drainage and debridement with prosthesis preservation. Another case presented prepatellar pain which was improved after physical therapy. In the 62 patients, the HKA 2 days after operation (172.27°±1.61°) was significantly improved compared to the preoperative value (177.79°±1.32°), the OKS at the final follow-up (19.8±2.7) significantly lower than the preoperative value (50.2±3.1), and the KSS at the final follow-up (89.7±2.6) significantly higher than the preoperative value (49.6±5.2) (all P<0.05). Follow-ups revealed no cases of joint infection or prosthetic loosening. Conclusion:Fixed-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty can lead to fine short-term outcomes for anteromedial knee osteoarthritis or spontaneous osteonecrosis of the femoral condyle.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1072-1077, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863838

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Hsp22 on the activation of cardiac fibroblasts stimulated by TGFβ1 and its possible molecular mechanism.Methods:Cardiac fibroblasts of adult mice were isolated and cultured, and stimulated with TGFβ1 to induce fibroblast activation. Fibroblasts were incubated with Hsp22 of different concentrations (1, 2, 4, 8, 10 μg/mL) for 24 h, and their activation, proliferation and secretion were observed. CCK8 kit was used to detect cell proliferation. RT-PCR was used to detect the transcription of fibrogenic factor. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of α-SMA protein. Immunoblotting was used to detect the possible signal protein.Results:CCK8 results showed that fibroblast increased significantly after TGFβ1 stimulation ( P<0.05). The expression of α-SMA in fibroblasts and the transcription of fibrosis-related genes increased significantly after TGFβ1 stimulation ( P<0.05). Different concentrations (1, 2, 4, 8, and 10 μg/mL) of Hsp22 all inhibited the proliferation of fibroblasts significantly (( P<0.05). Eight μg/mL and 10 μg/mL Hsp22 inhibited the expression of α-SMA ( P<0.05). and reduced the transcription of fibrosis-related genes ( P<0.05). Immunoblotting results indicated that after induced by TGFβ1, the expression of WNT and β-catenin, the phosphorylation level of GSK3β, and the nuclear translocation of β-catenin increased ( P<0.05). Ten μg/mL Hsp22 inhibited the expression of WNT and β-catenin, and reduced the phosphorylation of GSK3β the nuclear translocation of β-catenin and the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3( P<0.05). Conclusions:Hsp22 could block TGFβ1-induced fibroblast activation, proliferation and secretion via inhibiting the WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway.

6.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3117-3123, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743920

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Direct anterior approach has been reported to be associated with a risk of reaming the anterior column of the acetabulum,but there is little evidence supporting this opinion.OBJECTIVE:To reveal differences in the bone stock of the anterior and posterior columns between the direct anterior approach and the posterolateral approach in total hip arthroplasty by CT measurement.METHODS:Sixty cases of primary total hip arthroplasty through direct anterior approach (n=30) or posterolateral approach (n=30) at Fuzhou Second Hospital of Xiamen University from October 2015 to December 2017 were enrolled.The cross-sectional area of the anterior and posterior column of the acetabulum,the height of the anterior and posterior column,acetabular diameter,and anteversion were measured by CT.All researchers had 5-10 years of clinical experience,and the surgeons were associate chief physicians or above.The trial has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Fuzhou Second Hospital of Xiamen University on June 1,2017.All patients signed the written informed consents.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) The postoperative cross-sectional area of the anterior and posterior column of the acetabulum,and the height of the anterior and posterior column in the two groups were less than those at baseline (P < 0.05),the acetabular diameter was larger than that at baseline (P < 0.01),and the anteversion showed no significant difference (P > 0.05).The area of the anterior column in the direct anterior approach group was higher than that in the posterolateral approach group (P < 0.05),and other parameters were insignificantly different between two groups (P > 0.05).(2) in summary,compared with posterolateral approach in total hip arthroplasty,direct anterior approach leads to increased area of the anterior column,and made no effect on other parameters.Thereafter,direct anterior approach is not a risk factor for eccentric reaming the anterior column of acetabulum,and the conclusion needs to be confirmed by multicenter,prospective randomized controlled trials.

7.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 563-566, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743269

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) with non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in patients with traumatic cervical spinal cord injury complicated with acute respiratory failure (ARF).Methods A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed in EICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 2016 to January 2018.One hundred sixty-eight consecutive patients with traumatic cervical spinal cord injury complicated with ARF,who did not respond to conventional oxygen therapy,were assigned to the HFNC or NPPV treatment group sequenced by the random number table.The baseline clinical characteristics of randomized participants and respiratory frequency (RR),PaCO2,mean arterial pressure (MAP) at 1,12,24,48 h after treatment were evaluated.Comfortable scale,tracheal intubation rate within 28 d,duration of mechanical ventilation,length of stay in ICU and mortality rate were compared as well.Results There was no significant differences in baseline clinical characteristics,such as sex,age.between the two groups (P>0.05).RR and PaCO2 were lower in the HFNC group at all time point.In addition,the HFNC group had significantly lower PaCO2 than the NPPV group at 24 and 48 h after treatment (P<0.01);Oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) was improved in both groups,and the HFNC group had superior oxygenation index than the NPPV group at 12,24,48 h after treatment (P<0.01).Furthermore,the HFNC group had better comfort scale (6.93±0.71 vs 4.29±0.93,P<0.01),shorter length of stay in ICU and duration of mechanical ventilation compared to the NPPV group (P<0.01).There was no significant differences in tracheal intubation rate and mortality rate between the two groups (P>0.05).Conclusions In addition to the superior efficacy in improving respiratory function and shortening length of stay in ICU,HFNC was well tolerated by patients with traumatic cervical spinal cord injury complicated with ARF,and could be recommended in clinical practice.

8.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 344-349, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743250

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Hsp22 on phenylephrine-induced cardiomyocytes hypertrophy.Methods Primary rat myocardial cells were isolated and cultured in Department of Cardiology,the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.Cells were divided into four groups randomly:Control group,model group,treatment group with 1 μg/mL Hsp22,and treatment group with 10 μg/mL Hsp22.Phenylephrine stimuli was used to induce cardiomyocytes hypertrophy model.Cell viability was measured by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay.Cardiomyocytes surface area was evaluated by α-actin immunofluorescence staining.Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the transcription level of hypertrophic markers.Reactive oxygen species level was detected by 2',7'-Dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) fluorescent probe.Apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining.Signal pathway protein expression was detected by Western blot.SPSS 13.0 was used for statistical analysis.Data were expressed as mean + standard deviation.All data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA between groups.Comparisons between two groups were performed using LSD-t test.A P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results Different concentrations of Hsp22 had no effect on cardiomyocytes viability (F=6.622;P>0.05).Phenylephrine stimulation significantly increased cardiomyocytes area (t=10.80;P<0.05),increased the transcription level of hypertrophy markers atrial natriuretic peptide (t=37.72;P<0.05),type B natriuretic peptide (t=16.85;P<0.05),and myosin heavy chain beta (t=41.53;P<0.05).Different concentrations of Hsp22 significantly reduced cardiomyocytes area (PE+ 1 μg/mL Hsp22 t=4.018;P<0.05;PE+10 μg/mL Hsp22 t=10.80;P<0.05),reduced the transcription level of hypertrophic markers atrial natriuretic peptide (PE+1 μg/mL Hsp22 t=27.12,P<0.05;PE+10 μg/mL Hsp22 t=37.72,P<0.05),type B natriuretic peptide (PE+1 μg/mL Hsp22 t=4.82,P<0.05;PE+10 μg/mL Hsp22 t=12.74,P<0.05),and myosin heavy chain beta (PE+1 μg/mL Hsp22 t=23.68,P<0.05;PE+10 μg/mL Hsp22 t=30.54,P<0.05).Westem blot showed that Hsp22 increased the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase α (PE+1 μg/mL Hsp22 t=5.89,P<0.05;PE+10 μg/mL Hsp22 t=5.88,P<0.05),reduced mTOR phosphorylation level (PE+1 μg/mL Hsp22 t=16.80,P<0.05;PE+10.μg/mL Hsp22 t=20.46,P<0.05).Conclusions Hsp22 inhibits cardiomyocytes hypertrophy by activating AMP-activated protein kinase α.Hsp22 may become a potential anti-hypertrophic drug.

9.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 1-6, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807931

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the modulation role of Gas6 in silica-induced inflammatory effect on human macrophages.@*Methods@#Differentiated THP-1 macrophages were exposed to different concentrations of silica for 6 h and 24 h. Additionally, silica-activated macrophages were treated with different concentrations of recombine human Gas6 and Gas6 antibody respectively. Cell viabilities were determined by CCK-8 kit. Expression levels of Gas6 and inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6) were measured by ELISA assay kits.@*Results@#Silica particles induced clear dose-dependent decreases of cell viability and Gas6 expression at both 6 h and 24 h. The cell viability of 24 h is lower than 6 h at the same concentration of silica (P<0.05). Furthermore, silica activated macrophages treated with Gas6 antibody induced significant decreases of Gas6 both at 6 h and 24 h (P<0.05). After pretreated with various concentrations of Gas6 antibody, silica induced higher expressions of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6) in dose-dependent manners at two time points. Addition of exoge-nous Gas6 significantly suppressed silica-induced inflammatory cytokines concentrations mentioned above in the cell culture supernatants in clear dose-dependent manners.@*Conclusion@#Exogenous Gas6 could inhibit the secre-tion of inflammatory cytokines in macrophages, while the block of Gas6 might enhance this inflammation.

10.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 16-19, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662496

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the impact of improved pipe-washing on blockage of PICC for infusion of polyene phosphatidylcholine injection (PPI). Methods A total of 15 patients treated with infusion of PPI from April 2014 to March 2015 were chosen as the control group by convenience sampling method, while another 18 patients treated with PPI from April 2015 to March 2016 were selected as the experimental group. In the control group the pipes were washed with 0.9%10 mL sodium chloride injection before PPI infusion, while in the experimental group improved pipe washing method was applied. We compared the two groups in terms of the maximum number of transfusion drops and rate of unplanned extubation caused by pipe blockage. Results The maximum number of transfusion drops for pipe biockage test in the experimental group was significantly greater than that in the control group (P<0.01). The incidence of pipe blockage was smaller than that in the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion Improved pipe washing method caneffectively reduce rate of tube blockage.

11.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 16-19, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660156

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the impact of improved pipe-washing on blockage of PICC for infusion of polyene phosphatidylcholine injection (PPI). Methods A total of 15 patients treated with infusion of PPI from April 2014 to March 2015 were chosen as the control group by convenience sampling method, while another 18 patients treated with PPI from April 2015 to March 2016 were selected as the experimental group. In the control group the pipes were washed with 0.9%10 mL sodium chloride injection before PPI infusion, while in the experimental group improved pipe washing method was applied. We compared the two groups in terms of the maximum number of transfusion drops and rate of unplanned extubation caused by pipe blockage. Results The maximum number of transfusion drops for pipe biockage test in the experimental group was significantly greater than that in the control group (P<0.01). The incidence of pipe blockage was smaller than that in the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion Improved pipe washing method caneffectively reduce rate of tube blockage.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 381-383, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501424

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the contents determination of triamcinolone acetonide acetate and tretinoin in Dimensional ointment. METHODS:HPLC was performed on the column of Diamonsil C18 with mobile phase of methanol-0.1%Phosphoric acid solution(87:13,V/V),detection wavelength was 254 nm(0-5 min)and 350 nm(5-20 min),at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min,column temperature was 25℃,and volume injection was 10 μl. RESULTS:The linear range was 0.5-5 μg/ml for triamcin-olone acetonide acetate(r=0.999 9)and 4.96-49.6 μg/ml for tretinoin(r=0.999 8);RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were lower than 1%;recoveries were 98.37%-100.03%(RSD=0.58%,n=6)and 98.21%-100.38%(RSD=0.78%,n=6). CON-CLUSIONS:The method is simple,accurate and fast,and suitable for the contents determination of triamcinolone acetonide ace-tate and tretinoin in Dimensional ointment.

13.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 470-473, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497425

ABSTRACT

Background:Chronic atrophic gastritis(CAG)is a kind of chronic gastritis with atrophic changes of gastric mucosa. The studies on peripheral blood biomarkers in CAG are rare. Aims:To investigate the methylation of peripheral blood CpG sites in Runx3 gene promoter region in CAG patients. Methods:Eighty-two mild CAG patients,73 moderate to severe CAG patients from June 2013 to May 2014 at Daqing Oilfield General Hospital were enrolled,and 45 patients with normal gastric mucosa were served as controls. The methylation of CpG sites in Runx3 gene promoter region was measured by MALDI-TOF-MS. mRNA expression of Runx3 was determined by fluorescent quantitative PCR,and the protein expression of Runx3 was determined by Western blotting. Results:Compared with the control group and mild CAG group,methylation levels of CpG13,CpG14 and CpG15 sites in Runx3 gene promoter region were significantly increased in moderate to severe CAG group(P 0. 05 ). Conclusions:The hypermethylation of peripheral blood CpG13,CpG14 and CpG15 sites in Runx3 gene promoter region can inhibit the expression of Runx3 in CAG patients,and can be used potentially as the biomarker for clinical staging of CAG.

14.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 801-805, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283021

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate oxidative stress and mitochondria-related cell apoptosis induced by silica dust in human normal bronchial epithelial 16HBE cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), cell apoptotic rate, the expression level of Bax and Bcl-2 mRNA were measured after 16HBE cells were exposed to 37.5, 75, 150, 300 µg/mL respirable silica dust (diameter<2 µm, d50=1 µm)for 24 h in vitro. Reactive oxygen species (ROS)were tested after 16HBE cells were exposed to silica dust at above concentrations for 1.5, 3, 6, 12 h, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Dose-dependent decreases of cell viability and the activity of SOD were observed when silica concentrations increased. The activity of LDH increased when silica concentrations elevated. Compared with the control group, cell viability significantly reduced in 75, 150, 300 µg/mL silica-treated groups (P<0.05). The activity of LDH significantly increased in 150, 300 µg/mL silica-treated groups when compared with the control group (P<0.05). The activity of SOD in all silica-treated groups were significantly lower in comparison with controls (P<0.05). Intracellular ROS levels reached peak values at 1.5 h of silica exposure and gradually dropped to the base level at 12 h. The relationship between ROS levels and silica exposure were dose-response at 1.5 h, 3 h and 6 h of exposure (P<0.05). Similar dose-dependent increase were observed for apoptotic rate and silica exposure (P<0.05). The expression levels of Bcl-2 mRNA decreased, and the expression levels of Bax mRNA increased when silica concentrations increased. The results showed that significantly positive correlations between ROS level and apoptotic rate (r=0.892,P<0.05)or the expression level of Bax mRNA (r=0.850,P<0.05). There was a negative correlation between ROS level and the expression level of Bcl-2 mRNA (r=-0.703,P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Silica dust could induce cytotoxicity, oxidative stress and mitochondria-related cell apoptosis in 16HBE cells. Oxidative stress may play role in the processes of mitochondria-related apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Dust , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Mitochondria , Oxidative Stress , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Silicon Dioxide , Toxicity , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 5269-5273, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479203

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Previous studies have shown that apoptosis, a central feature of articular chondrocytes, plays a dominant role in cartilage damage, which is one of the pathological factors of articular cartilage degeneration. OBJECTIVE:To observe the effects of meditcated serum containingDuhuojisheng Decoction on the expression of cytochrome C, proCaspase-9 and proCaspase-3 in rat degenerative chondrocytes in vitro and to investigate the possible molecular biological mechanism ofDuhuojisheng Decoction in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. METHODS:A cultivation system of degenerative chondrocytes in vitro was established. After treatment with meditcated serum containingDuhuojisheng Decoction or blank serum for 24 and 48 hours, the protein expression of cytochrome C, proCaspase-9 and proCaspase-3 was measured by western blot assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In the cytoplasm, the release of cytochrome C was reduced gradualy in both groups in a time-dependent manner, and the release amount of cytochrome C was significantly lower in the medicated serum group than the blank serum group (P < 0.05). In mitochondria, cytochrome C leakage was gradualy decreased in both groups, and it was decreased significantly in the medicated serum group compared with the blank serum group (P < 0.05). The protein expression of proCaspase-9 and proCaspase-3 was gradualy increased in both groups, especialy in the medicated serum group; the medicated serum containingDuhuojisheng Decoction could promote the protein expression of proCaspase-9 and proCaspase-3 in a time-dependent manner, and there was a significant difference at 24 and 48 hours (P< 0.01). These findings indicate that the medicated serum containingDuhuojisheng Decoction can inhibit the apoptosis of osteoarthritis chondrocytes through inhibiting the release of cytochrome C and the activation of Caspase-9 and Caspase-3.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 521-524, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345751

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of rituximab (RTX) in children with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Five cases of children with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome seen from May 2012 to February 2013 in whom only steroid plus calcineurin inhibitor was effective and the disease recurred on reduction of dose were enrolled into this study, including 3 males and 2 females. Calcineurin inhibitors were stopped and steroids was changed to full dose. After the general condition improved, RTX was given at a dose of 375 mg/m(2), once a week for a total of three times for one course. After urine protein became negative for five days, the dose of steroid was changed to 2 mg/kg every other day, thereafter the dose was reduced by 5 mg per every 2 weeks, until discontinuation. After regular monitoring, when peripheral blood B cells were ≥ 3%, a second RTX was added.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Urine protein was negative in 2-7 days in 5 patients after the first RTX treatment. Before treatment B lymphocytes in peripheral blood was 7.8% to 13.0% and after the first course of RTX treatment decreased to 0 in the first 6 to 8 months at the beginning of recovery, while in the first 7 to 10 months to 3.3%-6.1%, after a second RTX was given, B lymphocytes were reduced to 0, but in two cases (cases 1 and 3) B lymphocytes rose again at 16 and 17 months, in the first 17 and 18 months rose to 4.16% and 4.17%, RTX was given once again respectively. B lymphocytes were reduced to 0 again. Currently the 5 patients continued to be negative for urine protein, maintaining remission for 12 to 20 months.RTX infusion had no significant side effects, and side effects of steroid and calcineurin inhibitor disappeared.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In children with steroid-dependent and only calcineurin inhibitor effective nephritic syndrome, relapse may still occur after improvement of nephrotic syndrome, after the first RTX treatment, regular monitoring of B lymphocytes, RTX supplementary treatment in advance can help discontinuation of steroids and immunosuppressive agents and maintain remission.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived , Therapeutic Uses , Antigens, CD19 , Metabolism , B-Lymphocytes , Metabolism , Calcineurin Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Administration Schedule , Follow-Up Studies , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Lymphocyte Count , Nephrotic Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Proteinuria , Urine , Recurrence , Remission Induction , Rituximab , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 659-662, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452402

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect and safety of rituximab (RTX) in children with frequently relapsed nephrotic syndrome.Methods Twelve children (8 male and 4 female) with frequently relapse nephrotic syndrome were treated with RTX.They all showed resistance to various immunosuppressive agents and relapsed when steroid was reduced at 1.5-2.0 mg/kg.All immunosuppressive agents were stopped.Steroid was prescribed at doses of 2 mg/(kg · d),followed by alternate-day dosing (2 mg/kg) after proteinuria was negative for 5 days,and then tapered by 5 mg every 2 weeks until to low dose (< 0.5 mg/kg on alternate day) or discontinued.RTX was administered at a dose of 375 mg/m2 once every week for 3 weeks.Results The patients were followed up for 4-19 months [median (7.79 ± 3.00) months].Proteinuria turned negative on 1-14 d after first RTX treatment.Mean steroid dosages were significantly reduced than before treatment [alternate-day dosing (1.83 ± 1.02) mg/kg vs alternate-day dosing (0.34 ± 0.16) mg/kg,t =3.78,P =0.002].Gingival hyperplasia and Cushing appearance were significantly improved and steroid-induced glaucoma disappeared.The height was significantly increased compared with before treatment [(2.21 ± 1.40) cm/year vs (8.27 ±2.10) cm/year].Six cases had no relapse during follow-up.Another 6 cases relapsed in 5.5-19.0 months.All patients showed CD19 + B lymphocytes depletion after RTX treatment.However,CD19 + recovery could be seen in 5.5-12.0 months.Serum immunoglobulin did not significantly change.None of the patients was found with adverse events.Conclusions RTX can significantly reduce the dosage of steroid or even stop medication in children free of immunosuppressive agents,maintain remission for (7.79 ± 3.00) months,significantly improve the adverse reaction induced by steroid and immune-suppression.Thus,for children with frequently relapsed nephritic syndrome/steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome who show resistance to immunosuppressive therapies,RTX treatment may be considered.

18.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 771-774, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419371

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of virtual touch tissue quantification(VTQ) technique in differentiating small solid thyroid nodules.Methods The patients with suspiciously malignant thyroid nodules(solitary,size range 5-15 mm),homogeneous and normal color Doppler flow imaging in the rest of thyroid parenchyma,were enrolled in this study.Five repeated measurements were performed on both nodules and extra-nodular tissues using VTQ.A receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drew according to shear wave velocity(Vs).Results 62 patients with a total of 67 lesions were included in this study,turned out to be 39 malignant and 28 benign.The Vs of malignant group nodules,malignant group extra-nodular tissues,benign group nodules and benign group extra-nodular tissues were (3.91 ±1.85) m/s,(2.03 ± 0.42)m/s,(2.29 ± 0.56)m/s,(1.84 ± 0.45)m/s,respectively.The Vs difference between malignant and benign nodules was statistically significant (P =0.000),while the Vs difference between malignant and benign extra-nodular tissues had no statistical significance (P =0.07).The best cutoff Vs value for distinguishing malignant from benign nodules was 2.78 m/s,with the sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of 76.9%,78.6% and 80.6% respectively.The area under ROC curve was 0.84.Conclusions VTQ could evaluate the elasticity of thyroid nodules,and was helpful in the diagnostic work-up of thyroid nodules.

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