Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 89
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 756-760, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909934

ABSTRACT

Acute spinal cord injury(ASCI),commonly seen in spinal surgery,is usually caused by mechanical injury to the spine. ASCI can lead to secondary lung injury and even acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS),seriously endangering the life safety of patients. Damage-associated molecular pattern(DAMP)is a sort of endogenous substances released after injury,including intracellular proteins,extracellular matrix,secretory factors and nucleic acid-related products. DAMP released after ASCI activates downstream signaling pathways and participates in lung injuries. DAMP-related studies have revealed molecular mechanism of lung injury after ASCI,and explored the possible therapeutic targets of lung injury. In this study,the authors review the mechanism of action of DAMP in lung injury after ASCI and the role of different kinds of DAMP in lung injury,so as to provide new ideas for clinical treatment of lung injury after ASCI.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To confirm the possible pathogen causing an outbreak of respiratory infectious disease in Beijing.Methods:Oropharyngeal swabs were collected from 14 cases with fever and detected by RT-PCR for respiratory viruses and bacteria. For specimens positive for adenoviruses, Fiber, Hexon and Penton gene fragments were amplified with specific primers and sequenced. BLAST and phylogenetic tree were used for sequence analysis.Results:All of the 14 specimens were adenovirus-positive. BLAST analysis of the sequences of Fiber, hexon and Penton genes showed that the 14 cases were all caused by adenovirus 3. The phylogenic tree analysis indicated that this adenovirus was closely related to an adenovirus of 3a51 genotype (GenBank No: KF268123) isolated in the USA in 2007.Conclusions:Human adenovirus genotype 3a51 caused this outbreak of respiratory infectious disease in Beijing.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review the etiology, clinical manifestations, cranial MRI features and outcome of alcoholic and non-alcoholic Wernicke′s encephalopathy (WE).Methods:The clinical data of 51 WE patients admitted in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from May 1999 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 10 cases of alcoholic WE (19.6%) and 41 cases of non-alcoholic WE (80.4%). The clinical manifestations, MRI results, treatment and efficacy of the two groups were compared.Results:The gastrointestinal surgery (17.1%, 7/41) , biliary and pancreatic diseases (14.6%, 6/41) , malignancy (12.2%, 5/41) were the common causes of non-alcoholic WE. Only 39.2% (20/51) of WE patients had typical triad syndrome of mental disorders, ocular symptoms and ataxia. There was no significant difference in the proportion of patients with typical triad syndrome between alcoholic WE and non-alcoholic WE groups [5/10 vs. 36.6% (15/41) , χ 2=0.959, P=0.619]. Mental disorders were more common in non-alcoholic WE [95.1% (39/41) vs. 70.0% χ 2=5.738, P=0.017]. In 45 WE patients undergoing cranial MRI, 53.3% (24/45) had typical symmetry abnormal signals in bilateral thalamus, periaqueductal region and paraventricular region of the third ventricle, in which non-alcoholic WE was more likely to have atypical lesions in comparison with alcoholic WE [66.7% (14/21) vs. 1/3, χ 2=10.578, P=0.001]. Forty-nine patients were treated with vitamin B 1 during hospitalization and symptoms were improved in 91.8% (45/49). The response to vitamin B 1 in non-alcoholic WE was better than that in alcoholic WE [97.4% (38/39) vs. 7/10, χ 2=8.128, P=0.017]. Conclusions:Non-alcoholic Wernicke′s encephalopathy deserves clinical attention. Compared with alcoholic WE, non-alcoholic WE may present mental disorders more frequently, and is more likely to have atypical lesions in cranial MRI, and has better response to vitamin B 1 treatment. Early identification, diagnosis and supplementation of vitamin B 1 can improve the prognosis of WE.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 385-392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867725

ABSTRACT

TSCI have dyskinesia and sensory disturbance that can cause various life-threaten complications. The patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), seriously affecting the quality of life of patients. Based on the epidemiology of TSCI and domestic and foreign literatures as well as expert investigations, this expert consensus reviews the definition, injury classification, rehabilitation assessment, rehabilitation strategies and rehabilitation measures of TSCI so as to provide early standardized rehabilitation treatment methods for TSCI.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867614

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the status of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in pregnant women in Taizhou City in recent years and the effect of immunization management of hepatitis B vaccine project on the status.Methods:The pregnant women hospitalized in Taizhou People′s Hospital, Taizhou Second People′s Hospital, Taizhou Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital and Taixing People′s Hospital from 2014 to 2017 were enrolled. According to the HBV serological results, the pregnant women were divided into non-immune population, successful immunization population, previous HBV infection population, HBV infection population and atypical manifestation population. The year of immunization management for the implementation of the hepatitis B vaccine plan was 1992. The HBV infection status of the pregnant women was analyzed based on the year of delivery and vaccination status, respectively. Chi-square test and trend chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 31 449 cases were included in this study, of which 13 203 (41.98%) were non-immunized, 10 123 (32.19%) were successfully immunized, 6 409 (20.38%) were previous HBV infected, 1 566(4.98%) were HBV infected, and 148(0.47%) cases were atypical manifestation. The negative rate of all HBV serological markers of pregnant women born before 1992 and after 1992 (including 1992) were 42.07%(10 794/25 657) and 41.59%(2 409/5 792), respectively, with no statistically significant difference ( χ2=0.44, P=0.51). The hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) positive rate of pregnant women born before 1992 was 28.95%(7 428/25 657), which was lower than 46.53%(2 695/5 792) of pregnant women born after 1992 (including 1992). The difference was statistically significant ( χ2=668.94, P<0.01), and showed an upward trend year by year ( χ2=602.11, P<0.01). The hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) positive rate of pregnant women born after 1992 (including 1992) was 8.81%(510/5 792), which was lower than 22.99%(5 899/25 657) of pregnant women born before 1992, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=589.10, P<0.01), and the overall trend was declining year by year ( χ2=478.72, P<0.01). The hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive rate of pregnant women born before 1992 was 5.46%(1 402/25 657), which was higher than 2.83%(164/5 792) of pregnant women born after 1992 (including 1992), the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 =69.23, P <0.01), and the overall trend was decreasing ( χ2=49.25, P<0.01). Among pregnant women infected with HBV, the negative rate of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) was 78.16%(1 224/1 566). Conclusions:Pregnant women with HBV infection in Taizhou City are mainly HBeAg negative. Hepatitis B vaccine immunization management significantly reduces the HBsAg positive rate and anti-HBc positive rate of pregnant women, and increases the positive rate of anti-HBs, while the rate of all HBV serum marker negative is not significantly decreased. Horizontal transmission may still be a risk factor for HBV present and previous infections.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764343

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are only a few cognitive screening tests for the Chinese-speaking population, and so this study aimed to validate the Chinese version of Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination III (ACE-III) for detecting mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild dementia. Its diagnostic accuracy was compared with the Chinese versions of the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). METHODS: The 176 included individuals were divided into 3 groups: mild dementia group, MCI group, and normal control group. MMSE, MoCA, and ACE-III were administered to all participants by researchers who were blinded to the clinical grouping. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were analyzed. RESULTS: ACE-III exhibited good internal consistency and convergent validity. Age and education level significantly influenced the total ACE-III scores. When screening MCI, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was significantly larger for ACE-III than for MMSE (0.88 vs. 0.72, p<0.05) and MoCA (0.88 vs. 0.76, p<0.05). ACE-III showed higher sensitivity (0.75) and specificity (0.89) than MMSE (0.64 and 0.63, respectively) and MoCA (0.67 and 0.77) at the optimal cutoff score of 88/89. For detecting mild dementia, ACE-III yielded satisfactory sensitivity (0.94) and specificity (0.83) at the optimal cutoff score of 74/75. The AUC of ACE-III was 0.95, which was comparable to those of MMSE (0.95) and MoCA (0.91). In participants with ≥12 years of education, the AUC was significantly larger for ACE-III than for MMSE when detecting MCI (0.90 vs. 0.68, p<0.05) and mild dementia (0.97 vs. 0.90, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present study has verified that ACE-III is a reliable and accurate tool for screening MCI and mild dementia in the Chinese-speaking population, and is significantly superior to MMSE and MoCA for detecting MCI.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Dementia , Education , Humans , Mass Screening , Methylenebis(chloroaniline) , Cognitive Dysfunction , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803258

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of gastroscopic hemostasis combined with limited fluid resuscitation in the treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis.@*Methods@#From December 2016 to June 2018, 100 liver cirrhosis patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding in Yuncheng Central Hospital were divided into control group(n=50) and observation group(n=50) according to non-randomized non-inferiority.The control group was treated with limited fluid resuscitation, and the observation group was treated with gastroscopic hemostasis combined with limited fluid resuscitation.The therapeutic effects of the two groups were compared.@*Results@#The recovery rate, 24-hour hemostasis rate of the observation group were 98.00%(49/50), 68.00%(34/50), respectively, which were higher than those of the control group [82.00%(41/50), 16.00%(8/50)], and the clinical mortality rate of the observation group was 2.00%(1/50), which was lower than 16.00%(8/50) of the control group, the differences were statistically significant(χ2=5.444, 25.657, 4.396, all P<0.05). The time of hemostasis, ventilator detachment and ICU detachment in the observation group were shorter than those in the control group[(1.34±0.28)d vs.(2.05±0.43)d, (1.68±0.42)d vs.(2.59±0.51)d, (2.85±0.72)d vs.(5.19±1.03)d], the differences were statistically significant(t=9.784, 9.739, 13.166, all P<0.001). The incidence of complications, rehaemorrhage rate within 6 months in the observation group were 4.00%(2/50), 2.00%(1/50), respectively, which were lower than those in the control group [22.00%(11/50), 16.00%(8/50)], the differences were statistically significant(χ2=5.659, 4.396, all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Gastroscopic hemostasis combined with limited fluid resuscitation in the treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis has significant therapeutic effect, high hemostasis rate and few complications.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745684

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the serum level of 3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropanoic acid (CMPF),a significant metabolite offish oil,in subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) in local communities,and to investigate the association of CMPF with fatty acid metabolism.Methods A total of 272 NGT participants from screening for diabetes in Shanghai in 2013 were enrolled.Anthropometric measurements,biochemical evaluation,and questionnaire interview were performed for all the participants.The participants were divided into normal weight group [body mass index (BMI) ≤23.9 kg/m2,n =143] and overweight/obesity group (BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2,n =129).The serum CMPF concentrations were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results Serum CMPF level in overweight/obesity group was lower than that in normal weight group [96.50 (46.11,169.56) μmol/L vs 153.20 (83.16,282.97) μmol/L,P<0.05].The serum CMPF level was negatively correlated with BMI (r =-0.256,P<0.01),triglycerides (r =-0.175,P =0.004),and free fatty acid (r =-0.126,P =0.041) according to bivariate correlation analyses.A multivariate stepwise linear regression analysis showed that the serum CMPF level was independently associated with BMI,triglycerides,free fatty acid,and HbA1C.A logistic regression analysis showed that the CMPF was a protective factor against obesity (OR =0.324,95% CI 0.158,0.664).Conclusion Serum CMPF level is reduced in overweight/obese subjects.CMPF is beneficial to lipid metabolism.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744616

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of evidence-based nursing in patients with cerebral apoplexy in ICU by blind bedside spiral nasointestinal tube application.Methods To choose between September 2016 and September 2017 in our hospital ICU were 140 cases of patients with cerebral apoplexy as analysis object,randomly divided into two groups,two groups all use bedside blind spiral nose long intestinal tube technology,the control group using conventional nursing method for nursing,observation group using evidence-based nursing intervention,compared two groups of a success rate of catheter,accident to take off the tube (unscheduled decannulation rate),reflux hiccups,vomiting incidence of aspiration and patient satisfaction.Results The success rate of catheterization in the observation group was higher than that in the control group,and the incidence of accidental catheterization was lower than that in the control group.The incidence of reflux hiccup and vomiting aspiration was significantly lower than that in the control group,and the patient satisfaction was higher than that in the control group (all P<0.05).Conclusion For patients with cerebral apoplexy in the ICU bed of blind plug spiral nasal bowel technology combined evidence-based nursing intervention,clinical effect is remarkable,improve the success rate of catheter,reduces the surprise success rate of tube,unscheduled tube drawing number,reduces the incidence of reflux hiccups,vomiting aspiration,improve patient satisfaction and quality of life.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743157

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of Ginkgo biloba L. extract (EGB) on the expression of apoptosis-related protein and NF-κB signaling pathway in the spleen tissue of mice with radiation damage. Methods The mice were divided randomly into normal control group (NC), irradiation control group (IC), low dose EGB group (IC+EGBL), medium dose EGB group (IC+EGBM) and high dose EGB group (IC+EGBH) according to the random number table, with 12 rats in each group. The mice in the low, middle and high dose EGB groups were given EGB respectively by 5, 10, 20 mg/kg, and the normal and irradiation control group were given saline by intraperitoneal injection once daily for 14 days. On the 15th day, the mice in all groups were uniformly irradiated with 4.0 Gy γ-rays for one time except normal control group. After 24 hours, Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3 protein expression were measured by immunohistochemical method. The IKKβ expression was detected by qRT-PCR method, and the content of NF-κB p65 and IKKα in serum was detected by Elisa method in spleen tissue. Results Comparing with IC group, the expression of Bax (54.31 ± 1.59, 42.04 ± 1.56, 32.08 ± 2.43 vs. 68.68 ± 3.12) and caspase-3 protein (55.73 ± 2.61, 45.81 ± 2.59, 36.78 ± 2.23 vs. 72.18 ± 1.84) in IC+EGBL, IC+EGBM and IC+EGBH group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), the expression of Bcl-2 protein (30.33 ± 1.28, 39.80 ± 2.86, 44.42 ± 3.64 vs. 22.80 ± 2.01) in IC+EGBL, IC+EGBM and IC+EGBH group significantly increased (P<0.05), the expression of IKKβ mRNA (1.43 ± 0.06, 1.31 ± 0.06, 1.17 ± 0.09 vs. 1.64 ± 0.10) and the level of NF-κB p65 (129.38 ± 8.41 pg/ml, 111.28 ± 9.09 pg/ml, 95.41 ± 6.88 pg/ml vs. 145.64 ± 6.29 pg/ml) and IKKα (160.10 ± 8.94 pg/ml, 144.00 ± 8.36 pg/ml, 108.84 ± 13.74 pg/ml vs. 176.38 ± 8.54 pg/ml) in IC+EGBL, IC+EGBM and IC+EGBH group significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusions The EGB can reduce the expression of apoptotic protein Bax and caspase-3 in spleen cells induced by radiation, elevate the expression level of apoptotic protein Bcl-2, and inhibit the damage caused by radiation by regulating NF-κB signaling pathway.

11.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 626-629, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752410

ABSTRACT

Objective Toinvestigatetheshort-termefficacyoftranscatheterarterialchemoembolization(TACE)combinedwith microwaveablation (MWA;TACE-MWA)inthetreatmentofmultinodularhepatocellularcarcinoma (HCC).Methods 58patients withmultinodularHCCtreatedintheinterventionalmedicinecenterfromJanuary2015toJanuary2017wereincludedingradeAor B.34cases(groupA)receivedTACEand24cases(groupB)underwentTACE-MWAtherapy.Theshort-termefficacywasevaluatedbyfollow-upandanalysisofthetimetoprogression (TTP),localrecurrencerate,newlesionrate,andpostoperativecomplicationsinboth groups.Results TheTTPinthetwogroupswas38-240 (106.2±63.1)daysand90-630 (328.5±178.8)daysrespectively.The incidenceofpostoperativecomplicationsintwogroupswas2.9% (1/34)and4.2% (1/24)respectivelyI.ngroupA,thelocalrecurrenceratewas 52.9% (18/34)andthenewfocusratewas76% (26/34);inthegroupB,thelocalrecurrenceratewas8.3% (2/24)andthenewfocusratewas 66.7% (16/24).Thedifferenceoflocalrecurrenceratebetweenthetwogroupswasstatisticallysignificant(P<0.05),whiletheincidenceofnew lesionwasnotsignificantlydifferent (P>0.05).Conclusion TACE-MWAissafeandeffectiveinthetreatmentofmultinodular HCC.ComparingwithtraditionalTACEtreatment,TACE-MWAcansignificantlyimprovedTTPandlocalcontrolrate.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751528

ABSTRACT

Objective As a chronic inflammation of the airways under the influence of multiple fac-tors, there are at least 300 million asthma patients worldwide, and the incidence of childhood wheezing diseases is increasing year by year. Scholars at home and abroad generally believe that respiratory infection is one of the important factors inducing children' s wheezing. To explore the respiratory infectious factors causing children' s wheezing, including pathogens and pathogenic mechanisms, has important clinical significance for the diagno-sis and treatment of children's wheezing diseases. This review summarizes the status of children's lower respira-tory tract infections, explores the characteristics of different pathogen infections, the pathogenesis of infection and the relationship with wheezing or asthma, briefly describes the current treatment and prevention methods, and deepens the understanding of the status quo of children with wheezing disease.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798201

ABSTRACT

Objective@#As a chronic inflammation of the airways under the influence of multiple factors, there are at least 300 million asthma patients worldwide, and the incidence of childhood wheezing diseases is increasing year by year.Scholars at home and abroad generally believe that respiratory infection is one of the important factors inducing children′s wheezing.To explore the respiratory infectious factors causing children′s wheezing, including pathogens and pathogenic mechanisms, has important clinical significance for the diagnosis and treatment of children′s wheezing diseases.This review summarizes the status of children′s lower respiratory tract infections, explores the characteristics of different pathogen infections, the pathogenesis of infection and the relationship with wheezing or asthma, briefly describes the current treatment and prevention methods, and deepens the understanding of the status quo of children with wheezing disease.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805673

ABSTRACT

Childhood obesity has been an important public health issue worldwide. We searched PubMed, CNKI, and Wanfang databases to perform a systematic review of how to identify early target organ (including heart, vessel, kidney and liver etc) damage in children, the effects of obesity on early target organ damage (including left ventricular hypertrophy, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, increased carotid intima-media thickness, increased arterial stiffness, impaired glomerular filtration rate, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, etc), the possible biological mechanisms (including hemodynamic changes, abnormal metabolic indices, and effects of cytokines and inflammatory factors, etc), and the effects of exercise training and dietary interventions on target organ damage in obese children. Thus, it is important to take effective measures to prevent and control childhood obesity, and finally to reduce the prevalence of target organ damage.

15.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1116-1119, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815956

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To learn the characteristics of drowning deaths and potential years of life lost(PYLL)among residents in Zhoushan,and to provide basis for formulating drowning prevention and control measures. @*Methods@#The death surveillance data in Zhoushan from 2009 to 2018 were collected from Zhejiang Chronic Disease Surveillance Information Management System. Demographic features,causes of drowning,life and labor lost due to drowning were analyzed through indicators such as mortality,standardized mortality,early death index,PYLL and working potential years of life lost(WPYLL). @*Results@#The crude and standardized drowning mortality of Zhoushan residents were 7.97/100 000 and 4.68/100 000. The drowning mortality showed a decreasing trend from 2009 to 2018(P<0.05). The mortality of drowning in males was 8.03/100 000,which was higher than 1.33/100 000 in females(P<0.05). Totally 322 deaths from drowning were fishery workers,accounting for 41.44%. The main cause of drowning death in residents aged 0-14 years,15-29 years and 65 years or above was accidental fall,accounting for 36.11%(13 cases),23.91%(11 cases)and 14.40%(47 cases),respectively. The main cause of drowning death in residents aged 30-44 years and 45-64 years was ship accident,accounting for 33.33%(58 cases)and 36.01%(130 cases),respectively. PYLL and WPYLL caused by drowning death were 22 511 and 11 911 person-years,of which residents aged 30 to 64 years were accounted for 73.33% and 70.55%. The early death index was 28.97. @*Conclusion@#Drowning mortality in Zhoushan showed an downward trend from 2009 to 2018. Men and fishery workers are at higher risk of death from drowning. Drowning can lead to serious life loss,especially for population aged 30-64 years.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1281-1287, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704784

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Yupingfeng powder combined with second- generation antihistamines versus second-generation antihistamines for chronic urticaria(CU)systematically,and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical treatment for CU. METHODS:Retrieved from PubMed,Embase,The Cochrane Library,CJFD,VIP and CBM,RCT about therapeutic efficacy(total response rate,cure rate,recurrence rate)and safety(the incidence of ADR)of Yupingfeng combined with second-generation antihistamines(trial group)versus second-generation antihistamines(control group) in the treatment of CU were collected. The data extraction was performed for included clinical studies,and Meta-analysis was performed by using Rev Man 5.3 statistical software after quality evaluation with Cochrane Handbook 5.1.0 evaluation criteria. RESULTS:A total of 34 RCTs were enrolled,involved 3 405 patients in total. Results of Meta-analysis showed that the total response rate [OR=4.02,95%CI(3.03,5.34),P<0.001],cure rate [OR=2.25,95%CI(1.95,2.60),P<0.001] and recurrence rate [OR=0.33,95%CI(0.26,0.42),P<0.001] of trial group were significantly better than those of control group,with statistical significance. There was no statistical significance in the incidence of ADR between 2 groups [OR=0.98,95%CI(0.71,1.37),P=0.92]. CONCLUSIONS:For CU therapy,Yupingfeng powder combined with second-generation antihistamines is better than second-generation antihistamines alone in improving total response rate and cure rate,reducing recurrence rate,both have similar safety.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692673

ABSTRACT

Objective Broth dilution method was used as a reference method to observe the capability of Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion assay(K-B)for correcting automated ampicillin susceptibility detection of He-mophilus influenzae(HI).Methods A total of 228 HI strains isolated were collected,broth dilution assay,K-B and automated microdilution broth test(ATB)were used to determine the susceptibility of HI to ampicillin. Analyze the essential agreements of the three methods and the correction of K-B to the errors of A TB. Results The essential agreement of K-B or ATB with broth dilution method were 77.19%,70.18% respec-tively,combination of K-B and ATB could make the essential agreement increase up to 86.0%,which was sig-nificantly higher than ATB(χ2=16.600,P=0.000).Major error of ATB(42.0%)was higher than that of K-B(10.0%)(χ2=13.306,P=0.001),but very major error and minor error showed no significant difference be-tween the two methods(χ2=1.208,P=0.272;χ2=1.182,P=0.227),meanwhile,76.19% of major error of ATB could be corrected by K-B.For the very major error of ATB,53.57% could be corrected by K-B.Howev-er,the corrective capability of K-B to minor error of ATB was relative low.Conclusion K-B test could correct some errors generated by ATB.For the β-lactamase negative strains which were judged as ampicillin resistance by A TB,K-B test should be used to correct the errors by ATB.Moreover,it is necessary to apply K-B to confirm am-picillin sensitivity of the β-lactamase positive strains which were judged as ampicillin susceptible by ATB.

18.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1188-1190, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691931

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences in clinical manifestations and prognosis between adult and child Henoch-Schonlein purpura(HSP).Methods The data in 320 cases of HSP in Zhengzhou Municipal Children′s Hospital and First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from November 2013 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Then the differences in clinical manifestations and prognosis between adult and child HSP were compared.Results Purpura was mainly distributed in double lower limbs,but the proportion of double upper extremities distribution in adults was higher than that in children(43.8%vs.20.1%).Child HSP was easier to appear the joint symptoms than adult HSP(55.4% vs.26.0%),adult HSP was easier to ap-pear diarrhea(20% vs.1.6%);adult HSP was easier to appear serum IgA level increase and anemia(26.3% vs.3.5%,25% vs. 7.1%).Renal injury in adult HSP was more severe than that in children(78.1% vs.29.0%);the 31-month follow up found that the proportion of adult HSP progressing to chronic renal insufficiency was 9.4%,which in child HSP was 1.3%.Conclusion The great differences in the HSP clinical manifestations exist between adult and child HSP.Adult HSP is easier to appear renal involve-ment and its prognosis is poorer.

19.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 670-674, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691691

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore relationship between clinical features and peripheral blood test indicators and curative effect in adult patients with acquired hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS). Methods A total of 61 adult patients with acquired HPS who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University and the Affiliated Jiangning Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from April 2014 to March 2017 were enrolled, including 38 males and 23 females, with a median age of 48 years (17-86 years). The retrospective analyses of their clinical data and laboratory examination results were made in this study. Results There was no significant difference in the therapeutic effective rate of 61 HPS patients caused by different inducements after treatment (P =0.184). The prothrombin time (PT) before treatment was higher than that after treatment [(12.90±1.97) s vs. (12.35±1.78) s, P= 0.046]; the level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) before treatment was higher than that after treatment (median: 476 U/L vs. 231 U/L, P = 0.000); the level of D-dimer (D-D) before treatment was higher than that after treatment (median: 1.46 mg/L vs. 0.51 mg/L, P = 0.007); the level of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) before treatment was higher than that after treatment (median: 54.9 U/L vs. 26.0 U/L, P= 0.000); the level of serum calcium before treatment was lower than that after treatment [(2.07±0.20) mmol/L vs. (2.18±0.23) mmol/L, P = 0.043]. The peripheral blood platelet counts (Plt) in the effective group (32 cases) before treatment was higher than that in the ineffective group (29 cases) (median: 104.0×109/L vs. 63.5×109/L, P =0.007), the level of albumin (ALB) in the effective group was higher than that in the ineffective group [(35.50 ±6.17) mmol/L vs. (31.93 ±6.54) mmol/L, P = 0.033], the level of serum calcium in the effective group was higher than those in the ineffective group [(2.18±0.18) mmol/L vs. (2.08±0.20) mmol/L, P = 0.047], the level of prothrombin time (PT) in the effective group was lower than that in the ineffective group [(12.40±1.76) s vs. (13.43±2.06) s, P = 0.041], and the level of LDH in the effective group was lower than that in the ineffective group (median: 415.0 U/L vs. 593.5 U/L, P= 0.032). Conclusion The lower expressions of Plt, ALB and serum calcium, and the higher expressions of PT and LDH may indicate the poor prognosis of adult acquired HPS, and there fore these patients need to be paid attention.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691596

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) is one of the effective methods for treatment of lymphoma. The way to improve the efficacy and control the reverse reactions still needs to be explored further. Several clinical trials have indicated CAR-T could have favorable effects on the B-cell lymphoma patients with controllable reverse reactions. However, antigen loss is a major factor for the acquired resistance to CD19 CAR-T therapy. Other clinical researches, including CD22 for treatment of B-cell lymphoma and CD30 for Hodgkin lymphoma, have increased the efficacy of CAR-T. Moreover, lots of trials have suggested that the patients who received cyclophosphamide or bendamustine plus fludarabine lymphodepletion can get a high effective rate.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL