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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0721, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423467

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Aerobic gymnastics will be implemented in several universities' physical education elective course schedules due to its unique advantages, including lower physical environment demands and rapid applicability. Objective: Study the effects of physical training with aerobic gymnastics on the physical fitness of female university students. Methods: The controlled experiment was performed on female undergraduate students of the physical education course at a university. The volunteers were divided into a control group, subjected to the existing aerobics teaching plan, and the experimental group, which practiced an enhanced program compared to the existing aerobics teaching plan. The competitive aerobics physical training method, along with a 30-minute physical training plan, was performed in each class. Another course design and organization were performed according to the existing teaching plan. Results: The mean score of the experimental group before the experiment was 45.22; 49.36 in the second week; 55.22 in the fourth week, 62.89 in the sixth week, 70.2 at the eighth week, and 76.73 at the end of 10 weeks of training. Conclusion: The aerobic physical training program proposed in this work presented a better effect on the fitness gain of female university students. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: A ginástica aeróbica será implementada na grade de cursos eletivos de educação física em várias universidades devido a suas vantagens singulares que incluem menores exigências do ambiente físico e rápida aplicabilidade. Objetivo: Estudar os efeitos do treinamento físico com a ginástica aeróbica sobre a aptidão física das estudantes universitárias. Métodos: O experimento controlado foi executado em universitárias do curso de educação física de uma universidade. As voluntárias foram divididas em grupo controle, submetido ao plano de ensino de aeróbica existente; e o grupo experimental, que praticou um programa aperfeiçoado em relação ao plano de ensino de aeróbica existente. O método de treinamento físico em aeróbica competitiva, juntamente a um plano de treinamento físico de 30 minutos foi realizado em cada aula. Outro projeto e organização do curso foram realizados de acordo com o plano de ensino existente. Resultados: A pontuação média do grupo experimental antes do experimento foi de 45,22; 49,36 na segunda semana; 55,22 na quarta semana, 62,89 na sexta semana, 70,2 na oitava semana e 76,73 ao final de 10 semanas de treinamento. Conclusão: O programa de treinamento físico aeróbico proposto neste trabalho apresentou um melhor efeito sobre o ganho da aptidão física das universitárias. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La gimnasia aeróbica será implementada en la programación de cursos electivos de educación física en varias universidades debido a sus ventajas únicas que incluyen menores exigencias del ambiente físico y rápida aplicabilidad. Objetivo: Estudiar los efectos del entrenamiento físico con gimnasia aeróbica en la aptitud física de estudiantes universitarias. Métodos: El experimento controlado se realizó en estudiantes universitarias del curso de educación física de una universidad. Los voluntarios se dividieron en un grupo de control, sometido al plan de enseñanza de aeróbic existente; y el grupo experimental, que practicó un programa mejorado en relación con el plan de enseñanza de aeróbic existente. El método de entrenamiento físico en aeróbic de competición, junto con un plan de entrenamiento físico de 30 minutos, se llevó a cabo en cada clase. El diseño y la organización de otro curso se llevaron a cabo de acuerdo con el plan de enseñanza existente. Resultados: La puntuación media del grupo experimental antes del experimento era de 45,22; 49,36 en la segunda semana; 55,22 en la cuarta semana, 62,89 en la sexta semana, 70,2 en la octava semana y 76,73 al final de las 10 semanas de entrenamiento. Conclusión: El programa de entrenamiento físico aeróbico propuesto en este trabajo presentó un mejor efecto en la ganancia de la aptitud física de las estudiantes universitarias. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0738, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423334

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Intermittent training can effectively promote better physical and psychological quality in athletes. Due to the great increase in aerobic gymnastics practice, interval training has also been gradually considered in the daily training of aerobic sports practitioners. Objective: Study the effects of the interference of high-intensity interval training interventions on strength quality and other physical indicators related to aerobic specialties. Methods: 25 subjects participated in the experimental group, and 25 participated in the control group. The participants had 12 weeks of training, with one hour of physical training on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. The training mode of the subjects in the experimental group was interval training, while the training mode of the subjects in the control group was daily training. Results: The results of long jump, push-up, 100m run, and 30m round-trip run in the experimental group increased by 17.59%, 23.63%, 17.83%, and 23.98%, respectively. Conclusion: Aerobic gymnastic athletes' physical quality can improve through high-intensity interval training. Thus, if the teaching method of intermittent training can be combined within a given period of classroom training, it will enable an efficient and diversified training method for teaching aerobic gymnastics more innovatively and diversely. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: O treinamento intermitente pode promover efetivamente a uma melhor qualidade física e psicológica dos atletas. Devido ao grande aumento da prática de ginástica aeróbica, o treinamento intervalado também tem sido paulatinamente considerado no treinamento diário dos praticantes do esporte aeróbico. Objetivo: Estudar os efeitos da interferência das intervenções de treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade sobre a qualidade da força e outros indicadores físicos relacionados às especialidades de aeróbica. Métodos: No grupo experimental participaram 25 sujeitos e 25 sujeitos no grupo de controle. Os participantes tiveram 12 semanas de treinamento com uma hora de treinamento físico na segunda, quarta e sexta-feira. O modo de treinamento dos sujeitos no grupo experimental foi o treinamento intervalado, enquanto o modo de treinamento dos sujeitos no grupo de controle foi o treinamento cotidiano. Resultados: Os resultados do salto em distância, flexão, corrida de 100m e corrida de 30m de ida e volta no grupo experimental aumentaram em 17,59%, 23,63%, 17,83% e 23,98% respectivamente. Conclusão: A qualidade física dos atletas de ginástica aeróbica pode ser melhorada através de treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade. Desta forma, se o método de ensino do treinamento intermitente puder ser combinado dentro de um período determinado de treinamento em sala de aula, ele possibilitará um método de treinamento eficiente e diversificado para o ensino de ginástica aeróbica de forma mais inovadora e diversificada. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El entrenamiento intermitente puede promover eficazmente una mejor calidad física y psicológica en los atletas. Debido al gran aumento de la práctica de la gimnasia aeróbica, el entrenamiento por intervalos también se ha ido considerando gradualmente en el entrenamiento diario de los practicantes de deportes aeróbicos. Objetivo: Estudiar los efectos de interferencia de las intervenciones de entrenamiento interválico de alta intensidad sobre la calidad de la fuerza y otros indicadores físicos relacionados con las especialidades aeróbicas. Métodos: 25 sujetos participaron en el grupo experimental y 25 sujetos en el grupo de control. Los participantes tuvieron 12 semanas de entrenamiento con una hora de entrenamiento físico los lunes, miércoles y viernes. El modo de entrenamiento de los sujetos del grupo experimental fue el entrenamiento por intervalos, mientras que el modo de entrenamiento de los sujetos del grupo de control fue el entrenamiento diario. Resultados: Los resultados de salto de longitud, flexiones, carrera de 100 m y carrera de 30 m ida y vuelta en el grupo experimental aumentaron un 17,59%, 23,63%, 17,83% y 23,98% respectivamente. Conclusión: La calidad física de los atletas de gimnasia aeróbica puede mejorar mediante el entrenamiento por intervalos de alta intensidad. Por lo tanto, si el método de enseñanza del entrenamiento intermitente puede combinarse dentro de un periodo determinado de formación en el aula, permitirá un método de entrenamiento eficaz y diverso para enseñar la gimnasia aeróbica de una forma más innovadora y diversa. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine ; (12): 251-254, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403240

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influences of different sexes and ages on children static balance at the basis of quantitative comparison study of static postural balance of children aged 6-8(-year-odl).Method:A total of 499 children aged 6-8-year-old were recruited,which include 254 boys and 245 girls.Static postural balance test of these subjects was performed by using KY-1112 system for stabilometric analysis with subjects opening and closing eyes situations.Result:①There was a significant gender difference in static balance.At gender comparison,there was a significant difference on 3 indicators at the situations with eyes opening(P<0.05),and 3 indicators at the situations with eyes closing(P<0,01).②A significant difference Was shown in age comparison on 5 indicators(P<0.05).The mean of 5 indicators decreased with age growing.As compared with the value among Eve Area(with eyes opening and closing)and Track location Variance (with eyes opening).there Was a significant difference between children aged 8-year-old and 6-7-year-old(P<0.01),and no significant difference between 6-year-old and 7-year-old.There was a very significant difference on the LNG indicators at the situations with eyes opening and closing(P<0.01).③The value R indicator Was less than 1.Conclusion:To the children aged 6-8-year-old,there was significant gender difference in static balance,the balance function of girls was better than that of boys;there was significant age difference in static balance,with age growing the static balance rose also;relatively speaking,the gravity center shaking area was larger at forward and backward than that at leftward and rishtward.

4.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 9121-9124, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To test the static balance function of boys aged from 6 to 8 years and then to establish a system of evaluating the static balance function.METHODS:A total of 388 boys aged from 6 to 8 years were randomly selected from 16 kindergartens of 8 counties(cities)in 4regions of Hebei Province.The inclusive cdteria were as follows:no systematic training of sports,no myopia,normal body shape and no obvious obesity.The balance force-measuring plates made by Hefei Institute of Intelligent of Chinese Academy of Sciences,computer and the supporting software were adopted.The subjects received an indoor test of 6 testing postures,namely,standing on two feet with eyes open(and closed),standing on left leg with eyes open(and closed),standing on right leg with eyes open(and closed).Six indexes relating to balance abilities including the mean of X direction,the mean of Y direction,R value,track length per unit time and track location variance of the envelop area.RESULTS:The original screening of all indexes showed that 6 kinds of postures reduced to 4 and that indexes reduced from 36 to 24.The second screening with cluster analysis which was conducted to the 4 kinds of postures showed that 24 indexes reduced to 17 when selecting typical indexes from each cluster.The third screening with factor analysis showed that 7 out of the 17 indexes were remained.Seven representative indexes corresponding to these 7 factors were concluded and considered as the comprehensive evaluation indexes of the static balance.The comprehensive static balance evaluation index systems for 6-year-old.7-year-old and 8-year-old boys were established respectively.CONCLUSION:Three systems for evaluating the static balance function of the boys aged from 6 to 8 years are established successfully based on 7 indexes.The evaluation of static balance function should be based on the comprehensive evaluation of multiple indexes.The evaluation indexes for 6-year-old,7-year-old and 8-year-old boys are identical in number,but different in content.Accordingly,a specific evaluation index system should be established for them separately.

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