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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 6-10, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992252

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of immune microenvironment and prognosis of bladder cancer patients with positive urinary nuclear matrix protein 22 (NMP22).Methods:Retrospective analysis was made on 86 patients who were diagnosed with bladder cancer in Xuzhou Central Hospital from January 2019 to September 2020. All patients were tested for urinary NMP22 by colloidal gold method. The patients with positive test results were NMP22 positive group, and the patients with negative test results were NMP22 negative group. The expression of CD8, programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) and PanCK were detected by multiple fluorescent immunohistochemical method on the pathological tissue sections of all enrolled patients with bladder cancer after surgery. Follow-up data of enrolled patients were collected after discharge, and univariate and multivariate Cox analysis was performed on the follow-up data.Results:There were 69 patients in the NMP22 positive group and 17 patients in the NMP22 negative group. The percentage of CD8 and PD-L1 positive cells in NMP22 positive group was significantly higher than that in NMP22 negative group, and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that tumor stage was correlated with bladder cancer progression ( HR=2.67, P=0.017). Multivariate analysis showed that positive NMP22 was significantly correlated with bladder cancer recurrence and disease progression (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The density of CD8 + T cells and PD-L1 in tumor parenchyma of urinary NMP22 positive bladder cancer patients was higher than that of NMP22 negative patients. Urinary NMP22 positive can be one of the bad prognostic factors of bladder cancer, and the patients with NMP22 positive should strengthen reexamination.

2.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1319-1325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009062

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate short-term effectiveness and clinical application advantages of orthopedic robot-assisted resection for osteoid osteoma compared with traditional open surgery.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data of 48 osteoid osteoma patients who met the selection criteria between July 2022 and April 2023. Among them, 23 patients underwent orthopedic robot-assisted resection (robot-assisted surgery group), and 25 patients received traditional open surgery (traditional surgery group). There was no significant difference ( P>0.05) in gender, age, disease duration, lesion location and size, and preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and musculoskeletal tumor society (MSTS) score between the two groups. The surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative lesion localization time, initial localization success rate, infection, and recurrence were recorded and compared. VAS scores before surgery and at 24 hours, 1, 3, 6, and 9 months after surgery and MSTS score before surgery and at 3 months after surgery were assessed.@*RESULTS@#All patients completed the surgery successfully, with no significant difference in surgical time between the two groups ( P>0.05). Compared to the traditional surgery group, the robot-assisted surgery group had less intraoperative blood loss, shorter lesion localization time, and shorter hospitalization time, with significant differences ( P<0.05). The initial localization success rate was higher in the robot-assisted surgery group than in the traditional surgery group, but the difference between the two groups was not significant ( P>0.05). All patients in both groups were followed up, with the follow-up time of 3-12 months in the robot-assisted surgery group (median, 6 months) and 3-14 months in the traditional surgery group (median, 6 months). The postoperative MSTS scores of both groups improved significantly when compared to those before surgery ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the changes in MSTS scores between the two groups ( P>0.05). The postoperative VAS scores of both groups showed a gradually decreasing trend over time ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups after surgery ( P>0.05). During follow-up, except for 1 case of postoperative infection in the traditional surgery group, there was no infections or recurrences in other cases. There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative infection between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Orthopedic robot-assisted osteoid osteoma resection achieves similar short-term effectiveness when compared to traditional open surgery, with shorter lesion localization time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotics , Blood Loss, Surgical , Osteoma, Osteoid/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications , Bone Neoplasms/surgery
3.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 211-214, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of treating external iliac artery dissection in renal transplantation by artificial vascular replacement.Methods:Four sudden intraoperative cases of external iliac artery dissection were selected.After removing vascular sutures, intimal arterial peeling blocked external iliac artery( n=3)and transplanted renal artery( n=1). Artificial vascular replacement of external iliac artery was performed using artificial vessels made from puffed polytetrafluoride ethylene(ePTFE). Secondary perfusion was performed in four transplanted kidneys for anastomosing with internal iliac artery. Results:One patient regained normal renal function within 1 week post-operation.Two cases had delayed graft function.Another case had delayed graft function plus acute rejection.After hemodialysis, renal function normalized at 2-3 weeks post-operation.During a follow-up period of(0.5-5.0)years, transplanted kidney function remained stable, blood supply, skin temperature and movement of operated lower extremities normalized.Conclusions:The incidence of vascular dissection of external iliac artery is not high during renal transplantation.However, the disease has a rapid and dangerous progression.The consequences of delayed intervention are quite serious.Treating external iliac artery dissection with renal transplantation may achieve satisfactory clinical outcomes.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1199-1202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929507

ABSTRACT

AIM: To assess the astigmatism-correcting efficiency and clinical effects of cataract phacoemulsification combined with bifocal Toric intraocular lens(IOL)implantation. METHODS: Retrospective analysis. The clinical data of 46 patients(46 eyes)with cataract complicated with regular corneal astigmatism by the treatment of cataract phacoemulsification and bifocal Toric IOL implantation in our hospital from August 2020 to September 2021 were included. The patients were followed up for 3mo after operation, and the changes of uncorrected distant visual acuity(UDVA), uncorrected near visual acuity(UNVA), best corrected distant visual acuity(BCDVA), best corrected near visual acuity(BCNVA)and astigmatism before and 1, 3mo after operation were evaluated. The IOL axial rotation was measured and calculated, and a questionnaire was conducted to investigate the necessity of using glasses at different distances and overall satisfaction.RESULTS:After operation at 1 and 3mo, there were significant differences in UDVA, BCDVA, UNVA and BCNVA compared with those before operation(all P&#x003C;0.001), and there was no significant difference in UDVA, BCDVA, UNVA and BCNVA at 1mo after operation and 3mo after operation(all P&#x003E;0.0167). At 3mo after operation, 46 eyes(100%)of UDVA reached 0.20(LogMAR), 40 eyes(87.0%)of UNVA reached 0.20(LogMAR). Astigmatism vector analysis showed that the mean preoperative corneal astigmatism in this group was 1.88±0.70D, and the centroid value was 0.61D@177°±1.93D, the mean residual astigmatism at 3mo postoperatively was 0.33±0.30D, and the centroid value was 0.03D@34°±0.45D. After operation at 3mo, the axial rotation of IOL was 3°(0°, 5°). Only 5 eyes(11%)required some degree of refractive correction for near or intermediate distances. 83%(38 eyes)were satisfied or very satisfied with the surgical results CONCLUSION: The implantation of bifocal Toric IOL during cataract surgery could effectively correct corneal regular astigmatism, improve uncorrected distance and near vision, and had high patient satisfaction.

5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 669-672, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939512

ABSTRACT

Professor YANG Jun's clinical experience of acupuncture and moxibustion for oculomotor paralysis is summarized. Professor YANG Jun pays attention to disease differentiation and syndrome differentiation in the treatment of this disease. According to the characteristics of oculomotor paralysis, "early diagnosis and seeking treatment from the source" is advocated. According to the etiology and pathogenesis, professor YANG divides oculomotor paralysis into three types: the syndrome of wind-evil attacking collaterals, the syndrome of spleen-stomach weakness and the syndrome of qi-deficiency and blood-stasis. As such, the acupoints are selected according to syndrome differentiation, and several different acupuncture methods (pricking needling at eyelids, penetrating needling and lifting eyelids and contralateral- balance needling on the healthy side) are adopted to improve the symptoms of oculomotor paralysis. It is also suggested to use the combination of scalp acupuncture and electroacupuncture to achieve the best dose-effect state. Moreover, local stimulation around the eyes is important to achieve the effects of "qi reaching affected area".


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Ophthalmoplegia , Syndrome
6.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 260-264, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911648

ABSTRACT

Objective:Discuss the etiological characteristics of pulmonary infection after renal transplantation and the diagnostic value of metagenomics nextgeneration sequencing (mNGS) technique.Methods:A total of 40 patients with pulmonary infection who were admitted to the Department of Renal Transplantation of the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January, 2018 to January, 2021 were selected, and identification of pathogens through routine pathogen detection methods and mNGS. The routine pathogen detection methods included: blood culture, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and sputum culture and smear staining, lung histopathology, antigen detection and PCR, etc. BALF were used to search for pathogens by mNGS. Combined with the results of the two groups to give accurate anti-infection treatment, the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Eventually 36 patients were cured and discharged, and 4 patients deaths. In 40 cases of pulmonary infection, the BALF mNGS pathogens detection of BALF was positive in 37 cases and negative in 3 patients, with a detection sensitivity of 92.5%. In addition, there were 15 cases of single pulmonary infection and 22 cases of mixed pulmonary infection, including 8 cases of bacterial infection, 9 cases of viral infection and 20 cases of fungal infection, among which pneumocystis (20/40, 50%) and cytomegalovirus (10/40, 25%) were the most common. In contrast, the positive rate of pathogens by routine detection were only 30% (12/40), and the difference between the two detection methods was statistically significant ( χ2=32.92, P<0.05). The diagnostic rates of mixed pulmonary infection were 55% and 10% respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=18.46, P<0.05), the single type pulmonary infection was 30% and 20% respectively, the difference was not statistically significant( χ2=2.99, P>0.05). Conclusions:mNGS has more advantages than routine pathogen detection methods in terms of pathogen species and distribution, detection time, sensitivity, mixed infection diagnosis rate and benefit. Using mNGS can be more efficient to find pathogens of pulmonary infection after renal transplantation, take accurate treatment, reduce costs, and improve cure rate, such as worth wide application..

7.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 417-422, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870609

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of pneumocystis jirovecii pneumoniae (PJP) after renal transplantation.Methods:A total of 20 PJP patients were selected from January 2018 to January 2020. The major symptoms included fever, chest tightness, dyspnea and cough with minimal sputum. Chest computed tomography (CT), laboratory tests and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of bronchoscopic pulmonary alveolar perfusion fluid (BALF) were performed. They received cotrimoxazole (SMZ: 18.75-25 mg/kg + TMP: 3.75-5 mg/kg q6 h) and basic regimen of caspofungin (50-70 mg/d) for 14-21 days. At the same time, bacterial, fungal or viral infections were treated, immunosuppressants were tapered or discontinued, supportive therapy and methylprednisolone, immunoglobulin and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) were provided. Chest CT examination was performed for 5-7 days to evaluate the therapeutic effect and clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among them, fever was predominant in 13 cases with an average body temperature of (38.8±0.68) ℃ while chest tightness and dyspnea occurred in 7 cases. Fourteen patients presented hypoxemia, 13 received non-invasive ventilator assisted breathing, 1 received mechanical ventilation via endotracheal intubation and the remainders received mask oxygen therapy. Seventeen patients were cured and discharged from hospital for 12~90 days. Three patients died of respiratory and circulatory failures due to deteriorating pulmonary infection. And 19 patients had elevated renal function initially and basically normalized around 2 weeks.Conclusions:PJP is one of the most serious complications after renal transplantation. Timely diagnosis and targeted treatment are essential. And mNGS examination plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of PJP. The basic anti-infective scheme of compound sulfamethoxazole plus carbophennet is efficacious. At the same time, appropriate tapering or discontinuation of immunosuppressants, supportive therapy and assisted respiration are also important.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 828-839, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869038

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the oncological efficacy and functional evaluation of total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) for the reconstruction of tumor around elbow joint.Methods:A retrospective case series study was made on the clinical data of 26 patients who underwent total elbow joint replacement after tumor resection in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from June 1988 to June 2019. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 23 patients were enrolled in the final study, there were 14 males and 9 females, the mean and median age was 37.6±19.9 and 35.0 years respectively. 23 patients included 3 cases of giant cell tumor, 4 cases of metastatic cancer, 4 cases of Ewing's sarcoma, 2 cases of osteosarcoma, 2 cases of aneurysmal bone cyst, 1 angiosarcoma, 1 primary malignacy in giant cell tumor, 1 low-grade central osteosarcoma, 1 parosteosarcoma, 1 synovial sarcoma, 1 plasma cell myeloma, 1 tendon sheath giant cell tumor and 1 case of mixed tumor. There were 6 cases of benign tumor, 4 cases of low grade sarcoma and 13 cases of high grade malignancy. With 19 cases of distal humerus, 3 cases of proximal ulna and 1 case of elbow. Each patient underwent tumor resection followed by restrictive tumor prosthesis and semi-restrictive of coonrad-morrey prosthesis were used for reconstruction.The duration of the operation, the amount of blood loss, epidemiological data, reconstruction length, oncology parameter, complications and functional evaluation were enrolled and statistical analyzed.Results:The mean length of the osteotomy followed by reconstruction was 12.5±3.9 cm, the mean operative time was 154.1±50.1 minutes, and the mean bleeding was 262.2±100.9 ml. Thirteen patients were treated with customized tumor limited prosthesis while 10 patients with Coonrad-Morrey semi-limited prosthesis. The 5-year survival rates of 23 patients was 64.3%, benign tumors, low-grade and high-grade malignancies were 100%, 100% and 39.7%, respectively. Three cases of lung cancer and three cases of Ewing's sarcoma died during the follow-up period (6/23, 26.1%), one case of giant cell tumor and one case of synovial sarcoma developed local recurrence (2/23, 8.7%). The median range of motion for the elbow increased from 35 to 85 degrees ( t=-13.787, P<0.05), the median NRS score decreased from 5.0 to 0.5 ( t=14.391, P<0.05). Postoperative complications occurred in 9 cases (9/23, 39.1%), the recent complications were nerve injury in 4 cases and infection in 1 case, late complications were prosthesis loosening and failure in 4 cases, the 5 year survival rate of prosthesis was 82.0%. The mean and median MSTS 93 score was 84.5%±11.0% and 88.3% respectively. Conclusion:The local control around the elbow is satisfactory after tumor resection. Total elbow arthroplasty can relieve pain and significantly improve function.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 220-224, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868584

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the quality control data of linear accelerator detected by Daily QA3 and to evaluate this quality control process using statistical process control.Methods After the calibrations of the accelerator and Daily QA3,Daily QA3 device was used to perform daily quality control by technicians and physicists and 100 groups and 30 groups of daily quality control data were collected.After the accelerator and Daily QA3 were re-calibrated,Daily QA3 device was utilized to perform daily quality control by technicians and 100 groups of the daily quality control data were repeatedly collected.The variations of normalized signal-to-noise ratio of quality control data collected after two calibrations were analyzed.The first 30 groups of daily quality control data measured by technicians and physicists were adopted to calculate the I-MR control chartsand compare the location of CL and the range of UCL and LCL.The process capability indices were calculated for three different quality control processes bytechnicians and physicists,respectively.Results For twice calibrations,normalized signal-to-noise ratio of quality control data significantly changed before 6 weeks,became stable between 6 and 8 weeks,and the changes became smaller after 8 weeks.For dose output measured by physicists,the rang of UCL and LCL was more narrow.In terms of flatness and symmetry,the location of CL was closer to zero.Regarding dose output and flatness,the process capability indices of three different quality control process were all satisfied ≥ 1,whereas unsatisfied for transverse symmetry.Conclusions The first 30-40 data points should be adopted to delineate I-MR control chart of the linear accelerator in daily quality control process.The quality control process should be completed by a fixed and small group of personnel and an optimal tolerance level should be customized.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 573-581, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of 125I-RSOAds-hTERT/PSA oncolytic adenovirus on targeted therapy of prostate cancer and its effect on tumor microenvironment. Methods:125I-RSOAds-hTERT/PSA ( 125I-virus complex) oncolytic adenovirus was constructed by PCR amplification and double restriction enzyme ligation. TUNEL staining, flow cytometry and Caspase-3 immunoblotting assay were used to detect the killing effect of 125I-RSOAds-hTERT/PSA oncolytic adenovirus on prostate cancer cells in vitro and in vivo, respectively. To explore the effect of 125I-virus complex on tumor tissue cytokine secretion levels, interleukin 2 (IL-2), IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in the culture supernatant of human prostate cancer cell line PC3, mouse prostate adenocarcinoma cell line RM-1, and mice serum were detected by ELISA. We explored the regulation of 125I-virus complex on the expression of CD24, CD44 and prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) in prostate tumor tissues and tumor cells through immunohistochemistry. Meanwhile, the expression levels of CD32 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), as well as CD4+ , CD8+ and macrophage infiltration in tumor tissue were detected through immunofluorescence experiments. Results:125I-virus complex oncolytic adenovirus significantly increased tumor cell apoptosis in vitro and in vivo that was significantly higher than that of 125I group and virus complex group. Meanwhile, IL-2 ( t=-183.30, -38.20, P<0.05), IL-10 ( t=113.80, 92.71, P<0.05), TNF-α ( t=-73.20, -73.91, P<0.05), IFN-γ ( t=-65.37, -139.70, P<0.05) increased in vitro and in vivo. 125I-virus complex reduced the expression of CD24, CD44 and PSCA in tumor cells and tumor tissue, reduced the weight of tumor tissue, inhibited angiogenesis of tumor tissue ( t=8.55, P<0.05), and regulated the immune response in tumor tissue. Conclusions:125I-virus complex targeting prostate cancer can significantly kill cancer cells, reduce the weight and angiogenesis of tumor, and improve tumor microenvironment.

11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 66(7): 986-991, 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1136303

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2)/ antioxidant response element (ARE) is a novel defensive pathway involved in the oxidative and chemical stress of cells. The aim of the study was to explore the role of Nrf2 on the apoptosis of human disc nucleus pulpous cells induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). METHODS The degeneration model of human intervertebral disc nucleus pulpous cells was established. The expression of Nrf2 was interfered with using sulforaphane (SFN); for that end, three groups were established: a blank group (H2O2-/SFN-), control group (H2O2+/SFN-), and an experimental group (H2O2+/SFN+). CCK8, Hoechst 33258 living cell staining was used to detect reactive oxygen species (ROS) content. RESULTS The apoptotic rates of the three groups were [(0.40±0.46)%], [(25.98±11.28)%], and [(3.83±2.06)%, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). The relative content of ROS in the three groups was [(100±7)%], [(1538±91)%], and [(818±63)%]; the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). In Western blotting, Nrf2 content in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group. CONCLUSION Nrf2 exists in the nucleus pulpous cells of human intervertebral discs, which is related to the degeneration of the intervertebral disc. It has negative feedback regulation and can prevent the degeneration of the intervertebral disc by inhibiting the apoptosis of nucleus pulpous cells of human intervertebral discs caused by excessive ROS, which provides a new intervention strategy for the prevention and treatment of the degeneration of intervertebral discs.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O fator 2 relacionado a NF-E2 (Nrf2)/elemento de resposta antioxidante (ARE) é uma nova via defensiva envolvida no estresse oxidativo e químico das células. O objetivo deste estudo foi explorar o papel do Nrf2 na apoptose das células do núcleo pulposo do disco humano induzida pelo peróxido de hidrogênio (H2O2). MÉTODOS O modelo de degeneração das células do núcleo pulposo do disco intervertebral humano foi estabelecido. A expressão do Nrf2 foi interferida utilizando-se sulforafano (SFN). Para isso foram estabelecidos três grupos: um grupo vazio (H2O2-/SFN-), um grupo de controle (H2O2+/SFN-), e um grupo experimental (H2O2+/SFN+). Utilizando CCK8 e Hoechst 33258, o conteúdo de espécies reativas de oxigênio (ERO) foi detectado. RESULTADOS As taxas de apoptose dos três grupos foram [(0,40 ± 0,46)%], [(25,98 ± 11,28%)] e [(3,83 ± 2,06)%], respectivamente. A diferença apresentou significância estatística (p < 0,05). O conteúdo relativo de ERO nos três grupos foi [(100±7)%], [(1538±91%)], e [(818±63%); a diferença foi estatisticamente significativa (p < 0,05). O método de Western blotting indicou um maior conteúdo de Nrf2 no grupo experimental do que no grupo de controle. CONCLUSÃO O Nrf2 existe em células do núcleo pulposo do disco intervertebral humano, que estão relacionadas à degeneração do disco intervertebral. Ele apresenta regulação por feedback negativo e pode evitar a degeneração do disco intervertebral inibindo a apoptose de células do núcleo pulposo do disco causada por excesso de ERO. Essa informação proporciona uma nova estratégia de intervenção para a prevenção e o tratamento da degeneração do disco intervertebral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Oxidative Stress , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide
12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 620-626, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the insomnia status and relevant factors for the medical staff in the medical aid team for Hubei Province during the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019.@*METHODS@#A convenient sampling survey was conducted among 1 056 medical staff in the national medical team of Hubei Province by using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and the Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy (RES).@*RESULTS@#The incidence from moderate to severe insomnia was 35.14%, and the total self-efficacy of emotion regulation was 3.60±0.91. Univariate analysis showed that the incidence of insomnia in female medical workers in Hubei Province was higher than that of male medical workers, which was increased with the elongation of work time and frequency. In addition, insomnia was associated with age, perceived ambient exposure and infection, and RES scores. Stepwise regression analysis showed that the occurrence of insomnia was mainly related to gender, perceived peripheral exposure, infection, and RES scores.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Insomnia is very common among medical workers in Hubei Province during the COVID-19 epidemic. Insomnia is related to the medical work status, the gender and their own emotional management and regulation in the epidemic area.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Betacoronavirus , China , Coronavirus Infections , Psychology , Emotional Regulation , Medical Staff , Psychology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychology , Sex Factors , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 184-188, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744846

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect and mechanism of Momordica anti-HIV protein of 30 ku (MAP30) on the migration of bladder cancer.Methods The IC50 of human bladder cancer 5637 and T24 cells was calculated by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method.The migration ability of these two cells was evaluated by scratch migration test and Transwell cell migration test.The expression of migrating proteins such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and adhesion molecule N-cadherin were compared by Western blot.Results Scratch migration test:there were significant differences in migration rates of 5637 cells at 8 h and 22 h (P < 0.05).There were significant differences in migration rates of T24 cells at 22 h (P < 0.05),but no significant differences in migration rates at 8 h (P > 0.05).The expression of Vimentin,Fibronectin,MMP-2,MMP-9 and N-Cadherin in 5637 cells and T24 cells of human bladder cancer decreased significantly after adding MAP30.The E-Cadherin expression in human bladder cancer 5637 cells were decreased,but no target band was detected in human bladder cancer T24 cells.Conclusions The ribosome-inactivating protein MAP30 can effectively inhibit the migration of human bladder cancer 5637 and T24 cells by inhibiting the EMT pathway and inhibiting the expression of MMPs.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 173-192, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802017

ABSTRACT

Saponin is a kind of complex compounds with triterpenoid or spiral aglycones.Natural saponins are used as substrates,and many novel compounds are obtained by biotransformation technology. Especially, converted products of saponins with strong activities provide valuable lead compounds for the research and development of new drugs. Saponins can be divided into triterpenoid saponin and steroidal saponin according to the structure of the mother nucleus. There are about 89 reported saponin components,including 56 triterpenoid saponins and 33 steroidal saponins. Biological enzyme catalysis,microbial transformation and intestinal microflora transformation are the main bioconversion technologies and key development directions of saponins. The research and optimization technology of biological enzyme and microbial transformation of saponins are the effective methods to prepare active secondary saponins. The biotransformation reaction of saponins mainly includes hydrolysis,redox and rearrangement,resulting in the formation of aglycones,secondary glycosides and their derivatives. The hydrolysis of saponin sugar chains was the main biological transformation pathway, and could generate a number of secondary saponins with less glycosyl groups. The secondary saponins could be absorbed into blood and become real active ingredients in body. Preparation of rare secondary saponins,discovery of lead compounds and development of new drugs are the main directions of biotransformation of saponins. The studies on the metabolism and mechanism of natural saponins by microbial and intestinal microbial biotransformation will also become hotspots. According to relevant papers at home and abroad,the researches on transformation technique,transformation approach and transformation reaction of saponins from natural products in the past thirty years were summarized, and the prospects of research and development were also analyzed to provide scientific basis for further study and comprehensive utilization of these conversion products.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 856-861, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754236

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of enhancer of rudimentary homolog (ERH) gene on migration and invasion in human bladder cancer T24 and 5637 cells.Methods After knocking out the ERH gene of human bladder cancer T24 and 5637 cells,Wound healing assay,Transwell cell migration assay and Transwell cell invasion assay were used to verify the migration and invasion function.Cell migration related protein was detected by Western blot.Nude mouse tail vein transfer assay was used to study the metastasis ability of bladder cancer cells in vivo.Results (1) The Wound healing assay showed that there were significant differences in the migration cell counts of human bladder cancer 5637 and T24 (P < 0.05).(2) There were significant differences in migration and invasion cell counts of Transwell assay (P <0.05).(3) Western blot showed that the expression of E-Cadherin in human bladder cancer 5637 cells and T24 cells was significantly increased (P < 0.05) after knocking out ERH gene,while the expression of Fibronectin,Twist,Vimentin and Snail2 protein were significantly decreased (P < 0.05).(4) Nude mouse tail vein transfer assay showed that lung metastases were significantly reduced in the ERH knockout group compared with the normal ERH group.Conclusions Both in vitro and in vivo experiments suggest that ERH knockout affects the migration and invasion of human bladder cancer T24 and 5637 cells.

16.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 344-350, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776028

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics of autoimmune disease with dual seropositive antibodies of leucine-rich glioma inactivated 1(LGI1)and contactin-associated protein 2(Caspr2).Methods The clinical data of seven patients with dual seropositive LGI1 and Caspr2 antibodies who were admitted to the Neurology Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from July 2014 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.Results Central,peripheral and autonomic nervous systems were all involved in the seven cases;100%(7/7)presented with insomnia,myokymia,neuropahic pain and hyperhydrosis;71%(5/7)showed memory decline or psychiatric and behavioral symptoms;57%(4/7)had urinary hesitation or constipation;and 43%(3/7)had seizure.Electromyography showed 100%(6/6) of the patients had prolonged afterdischarges following normal M waves and/or abnormal spontaneous firing.Electroencephalography revealed slow waves or basic rhythm slowing in 71%(5/7)of patients.Electrocardiography showed sinus tachycardia,axis deviation,and prolonged QT intervals in 71%(5/7)of patients.One patient died from arrhythmia before immunotherapy.One died from pulmonary infection after immunotherapy.Improvement with immunotherapy was documented in the other five cases.No relapse was noted during the 1-2-year follow-up.Conclusions Autoimmune disease with dual seropositive antibodies of LGI1 and Caspr2 can diffusely affect the central,peripheral,and autonomic nervous systems.The possibility of this disease should be considered in patients with acute and subacute onset of neuropsychiatric symptoms,especially in patients with accompanying insomnia,myokymia,and hyperhydrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies , Blood , Autoimmune Diseases , Allergy and Immunology , Membrane Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 42-47, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713038

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To analyze the perioperative outcome of consecutive 1 000 patients undergoing robotic lung resection and summarize surgical experience. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 1 000 patients undergoing robotic lung resection between May 2009 and June 2018 in Shanghai Lung Tumor Clinical Medical Center. Robotic lobectomy was compared with traditional VATS over the same period using a propensity-matched analysis. There were 327 males and 673 females at average age of 56.21±11.33 years. Lobectomy was performed in 866 patients (11 bilobectomy included), sublobar resection was performed in 129 patients, sleeve lobectomy was performed in the remaining 5 patients. Pathology was as follows: adenocarcinoma in 875 patients, squamous carcinoma in 52 patients, benign tumors in 73 patients. 90.5% of the primary lung cancer were in stage Ⅰ. Results The mean operative time was 90.31±19.70 min; 95.70% of patients’ estimated blood loss was less than 100 ml. Conversion rate to thoracotomy was 0.90% (9 patients) . The average lymph node station and count harvested was 5.59±1.36 and 9.60±3.21 respectively. The mean volume of chest tube drainage on the first postoperative day was 229.19±131.67 ml. Median chest tube time was 3.85±1.43 d. There was 1 in-hospital death due to pulmonary embolism. A total of 189 patients had postoperative complications (18.90%) whose majority was postoperative air leak more than 5 days. The mean overall hospital costs was 92 710.53±12 367.23 Yuan. Compared with VATS, RATS was associated with significant reduction in intraoperative blood loss, time to chest tube removal and postoperative hospital stay. The operative time, conversion rate, lymph nodes removed, morbidity and mortality were similar between the two groups. Conclusion Robotic-assisted lung resection is safe and effective with low conversion rate and less complications, and it can overcome many disadvantages of traditional VATS.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1565-1572, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698579

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Micro-arc oxidation (MAO) treatment can improve the biological properties of titanium alloy implants. Previous studies mostly focused on the evaluation of titanium alloy plate, while the effects of the MAO-modified 3D titanium scaffold on the cell growth and differentiation were rarely reported. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of MAO coating on the biological performance of cells seeded onto the 3D-printed porous titanium alloy scaffold. METHODS: Rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were seeded onto the MAO-modified Ti6Al4V alloy scaffolds (experimental group) and unmodified scaffolds (control group). After 4 and 7 days of culture, cell/scaffold constructs were retrieved and processed for the assessment of cell morphology by using scanning electron microscopy, cytoskeletal staining analysis and cell viability assay were also evaluated. At 4, 7 and 11 days of culture, the levels of alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin in the cell supernatant were detected. At 1, 4, 7 and 11 days of culture, the cell proliferation rate was measured using the MTT assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) At 4 and 7 days of culture, live/dead staining showed that the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells grew well on the two kinds of scaffolds. The analysis of cytoskeleton staining showed that the cytoskeleton of the experimental group was stereo and polygonal, while the cells on the scaffold surface in the control group were flat and spindle-shaped, spreading along the macro structure of the scaffolds. Under the scanning electron microscopy, the cells in the experimental group arranged closely and spread in a good condition, with interconnected lamellipodia and filopodia that firmly adhered to the scaffold surface in an anchor-shaped structure; in the control group, less filopodia interconnected, less extracellular matrix, and flat and sheet-like cells were observed. (2) With the time increase, the levels of alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin increased gradually in both groups. The alkaline phosphatase level in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group at 7 and 11 days of culture (P < 0.05), while the osteocalcin level was higher in the experimental group than the control group at 11 days of culture (P < 0.05). (3) With the prolongation of culture time, the number of cells in the two groups increased gradually. The number of cells cultured in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group at 7 and 11 days of culture (P < 0.05). To conclude, the MAO-modified titanium alloy scaffold is favorable for cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation.

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Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 141-146, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806121

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the impact of surgery in pain relief, quality of life, neurological function, survival status and prognosis of spinal myeloma patients.@*Methods@#Twenty spinal myeloma patients from January 1990 to June 2016 who underwent surgery were reviewed. Compare the preoperative and postoperative neurological function and quality of life, via visual analogue scale (VAS), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score and Frankel classification, survival rate based follow-up were statistical analyzed by Wilcoxon and Kaplan-Meier respectively, univariate and multivariate analysis with Cox regression model.@*Results@#There were 12 males and 8 females enrolled with average age of 53.3 (range from 31 to 75 years). Lesions location distribution: cervical spine 1 case, 12 in thoracic spine, 6 in lumbar and 1 in sacral tumor. The majority of symptom was pain in 20 cases and 5 cases had incomplete paraplegia with spinal cord compression. Single posterior approach in 15 cases, single anterior in 3 cases, anterior and posterior combined approach in 2 cases. The average operation time was 225 min, average blood loss was 2 320 ml. The patients with postoperative median VAS score and ECOG score were 2.00 and 1 respectively, it is significantly decreased (P<0.001) compared with the preoperative score (7.50 and 3), the median Frankel classification was level 5 in postoperative patients and increased significantly (P<0.001) than preoperative patients (level 4). One patient had local recurrence, 2 patients had complications. The overall 5 and 10 year survival rate was 61.7% and 42.3%, respectively. The 3 years survival rate between surgery combine chemotherapy and without chemotherapy group was 87.1% and 25.0%, 5 years survival rate was 79.1% and 0 respectively (P<0.01). LDH, ALB and chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors of survival from Cox regression. The odds ratio (OR) was 1.037 (P=0.006), 0.746 (P=0.009) and 0.077 (P=0.012) respectively.@*Conclusion@#Surgical strategy is effective to improve quality of life for spinal myeloma patients. Combine chemotherapy could improve the survival.

20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 677-686, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810153

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the local recurrent rate, the persistence of reconstruction and functional recovery of Giant Cell Tumor (GCT) after the treatments of extensive curettage or resection.@*Methods@#A retrospective review was conducted on the clinical data of 50 patients who had giant cell tumor with pathological tracture around the knee treated in our hospital from January 2001 to July 2014. There were 30 males and 20 females. The average age was 33.7 years respectively (range, 17 to 71 years). The fracture localizations of 45 cases were distal femur and of 5 cases were proximal tibia. According to AO fracture classification, 3 cases were in type A, 36 cases in type B and 11 cases in type C. In Campanicci system for image grading study, 5 cases were in grade Ⅱ and 45 cases in grade Ⅲ. Surgical treatment included 20 cases of extensive curettage and 30 cases of resection. The surgical reconstructive methods included 16 cases of cement reconstruction with internal fixation, 5 cases of unicompartmental arthroplasty with allograft, 1 case of segment osteoarticular allograft transplantation and 28 cases of prosthesis replacement. Final statistical analysis of surgery and therapeutic effect were carried out by SPSS, version 16.0 for Windows. Enrolling parameters collected gender, age, location, fracture type, surgical treatment, surgical margin, reconstruction, complications, local recurrence (LR) and functional evaluation. Categorical data were described by result frequencies.The comparison of the rate was performed by chi-square or Fisher′s exact test. Between the two groups compared using independent t-test. The recurrence-free survival was estimated by the method of Kaplan-Meier.@*Results@#The mean postoperative follow-up time was 66.9 months (range, 24-149 months). Four patients developed local recurrence (4/50, 8.0%)including 3 cases of curettage group (3/20, 15.0%)and 1 case of resection group (1/30, 3.3%), there was no significant difference between curettage and resection group (P=0.289). The comparison of local recurrence between this curettage group (3/20, 15.0%) and the GCT group without fracture published before(10/116, 8.6%) in our institution also had no significant difference (P=0.407). There was no significant difference among the three types of fracture regarding the rate of local recurrence (P=0.160), but there was significant difference in the choice of surgical procedures for different fracture types (P=0.006). The complications: 2 patients (2/20, 10.0%)had joint degeneration in curettage group. 15 cases (15/30, 50.0%) had complications in resection group, 1 case of unicompartmental arthroplasty allograft absorption, 2 cases of infection and 12 cases of aseptic loosening after prosthesis replacement (including 1 case with periprosthetic fracture and 1 case with prosthesis fracture). The postoperative complications in curettage group had a significant reduction (P=0.005) when compared with the resection group. The mean score of functional evaluation with Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) for curettage and resection group were (93.5±6.5)% and (82.6±12.9)% (F=4.838, P=0.033).@*Conclusions@#(1) Extensive curettage did not increase the risk of local recurrence of giant cell tumor with pathological fracture around the knee. (2)The different fracture type had no effect on the local recurrence rate, but affect the decision of surgical procedures options. (3)The reconstructive complications in resection group was significant higher than curettage group, and the postoperative function of curettage group was better than resection group.

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