Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 744
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862500

ABSTRACT

@#Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine are both classic 4-aminoquinoline antimalarial drugs with similar chemical structures and mechanisms of action. As the toxicity and side effects of hydroxychloroquine are lower than those of chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine is the main clinical application at present, with good efficacy and safety. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine are widely used in the clinic because of their immunosuppressive, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antitumor and photoprotective effects. The main mechanisms by which chloroquine/hydroxychloroquine inhibits immunity include inhibiting lysosome activity, autophagy, immune response signaling pathways production of proinflammatory cytokines. Chloroquine stabilizes the lysosomal membrane and reduces the release of lysosomal enzymes. As a prostaglandin antagonist, chloroquine can reduce the production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes, thus playing an anti-inflammatory role. Chloroquine/hydroxychloroquine can inhibit virus proliferation in the early stage of virus replication by inhibiting the glycosylation of the angiotensin converting enzyme 2 receptor. At present, hydroxychloroquine has been found to have significant efficacy in discoid lupus erythematosus, oral lichen planus, chronic cheilitis, pemphigus foliaceus, Sjögren’s syndrome and other stomatological diseases. However, eye damage is the most important adverse reaction of hydroxychloroquine, and its occurrence is related to the cumulative dose of drugs.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 879-889, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876534

ABSTRACT

Although the guiding principles for molecular identification of traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) using DNA barcoding have been recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, there is still a lack of systematic research on its application to commercial TCM decoctions. In this study, a total of 212 commercial TCM decoctions derived from different medicinal parts such as root and rhizome, fruit and seed, herb, flower, leaf, cortex, and caulis were collected to verify applicability and accuracy of the method. DNA barcodes were successfully obtained from 75.9% (161/212) of the samples, while other samples failed to be amplified due to genomic DNA degradation. Among the 161 samples, 85.7% of them were identified as recorded species in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2020 edition). In addition, 14 samples could be identified as species recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and their closely related species in the same genus. Morphological identification for the unconfirmed samples showed that eight were genuine species and three were adulterants, while the other three were unidentifiable due to lack of morphological characteristics. Furthermore, the DNA barcodes of seven samples accurately mapped to the sequences of adulterants. Remarkably, counterfeit products were detected in two samples. These results demonstrate that DNA barcoding is suitable for the identification of commercial TCM decoctions. The method can effectively detect adulterants and is appropriate for use throughout the industrial chain of TCM production and distribution, and by the supervisory agencies as well.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the safety of measles-containing vaccines (MCV) in Shanghai city. Methods:Adverse event following immunization cases related to measles attenuated live vaccine (MV), measles and rubella combined attenuated live vaccine (MR) and measles, mumps and rubella combined attenuated live vaccine (MMR) vaccination in Shanghai during 2011—2018 were collected from the National AEFI Surveillance System for epidemiological analysis. Results:A total of 15 055 MVC-related AEFI cases were reported, for an incidence of 139.74 per 100 000 doses. Among all MVC-related AEFI cases, the male to female ratio was 1.17∶1, and 12 068 (111.70 per 100 000 doses) were common reactions, with 1 050 from MV(64.66 per 100 000), 5 484 from MR(134.36 per 100 000)and 5 534 from MMR(108.60 per 100 000. Most of common reactions were fever (96.01 per 100 000), but 2 939 (27.20 per 100 000) were rare reactions, with 408 from MV (25.12 per 100 000), 1 983 from MR (48.59 per 100 000) and 548 from MMR (10.75 per 100 000). Most of rare reactions were allergic rash (25.00 per 100 000). Conclusion:MCV has a good safety profile but we should continue to strengthen MCV-related AEFI surveillance.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879114

ABSTRACT

Kaempferiae Parviflorae Rhizoma is the dried rhizome of Kaempferia parviflora in Zingiberaceae. It is originated and widely distributed in Thailand and other tropical and subtropical regions, where it has been used as food and medicine for thousands of years. K. parviflora is also planted in Yunnan and other places of China, but its traditional Chinese medicine properties are not clear, which greatly limits its compatibility with traditional Chinese medicines. In this article, the English and Chinese literatures of K. parviflora were searched from Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP databases for research and analysis. The medicinal properties of K. parviflora were preliminarily discussed based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine under the guidance of clinical application and research literatures. The traditional Chinese medicine properties of K. parviflora were inferred as follows: flat, acrid, sweet. The channel tropisms of K. parviflora included kidney, spleen, stomach, and liver. The function of K. parviflora included tonifying kidney to strengthen essence, tonifying Qi and invigorating spleen, soothing liver and relieving depression. K. parviflora was clinically applied for the diseases such as syndrome of kidney essence deficiency, sex apathy, deficiency of spleen Qi, lassitude and asthenia, a weary spirit, obesity, diabetes, liver Qi stagnation, depression, and restless. The equivalent of dry power is 1.5 g·d~(-1) and the equivalent of decoction is 1.5-6 g·d~(-1). The determination of traditional Chinese medicine properties of K. parviflora has indeed laid a theoretical foundation for its application in the field of traditional Chinese medicine and enriched traditional Chinese medicine resources.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Rhizome , Thailand , Zingiberaceae
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879112

ABSTRACT

Myrtus communis is a traditional medicinal aromatic plant in the Mediterranean. At present, the plant has been introduced and cultivated in the southern part of China, and it is mostly used for ornamental or cosmetic purposes. Based on literature analysis and the theory of Chinese medicine, we discussed the medicinal parts and properties of M. communis in this paper to provide a theoretical basis for exploring the medicinal value of M. communis and its compatibility with traditional Chinese medicines. Literatures were searched from Web of Science(core collection), PubMed, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang by using the set conditions as key words. Then the obtained literatures were screened and classified. Finally, a total of 376 articles were included, consisting of 44 reviews, 54 germplasm resources, 78 chemical researches, 48 studies on application, extraction, or quality, 18 human trials, 132 pharmacological studies, and 2 safety studies. Based on literature analysis and theories of Chinese medicine, the leaves of M. communis were finally selected as the medicinal part of Chinese medicine, and the traditional Chinese medicine properties of M. communis leaves were deduced as pungent, bitter, and cool. The channel tropisms of M. communis leaves included lung, liver, and large intestine, with functions of detoxifying, resolving a mass, and insecticide. It was used for mouth sores, vaginal itching, hemorrhoids and warts, etc.; appropriate amount shall be applied for external use, and the decoction form shall be used for washing the affected parts; 3-12 g equivalent product shall be used in decoction, and this herb shall be put into the decoction in a later stage. The clarification of the medicinal parts of M. communis, and the determination of the Chinese medicine properties of M. communis leaves would lay a theoretical foundation for its compatibility and application with Chinese medicines, and can do more contribution to the medical and healthcare industry in our country.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Myrtus , Plant Leaves , Plants, Medicinal
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878910

ABSTRACT

ATP-binding cassette(ABC) transporters are one of the largest protein families in organisms, with important effects in regulating plant growth and development, root morphology, transportation of secondary metabolites and resistance of stress. Environmental stress promotes the biosynthesis and accumulation of secondary metabolites, which determines the quality of medicinal plants. Therefore, how to improve the accumulation of secondary metabolites has been a hotspot in studying medicinal plants. Many studies have showed that ABC transporters are extremely related to the transportation and accumulation of secondary metabolites in plants. Recently, with the great development of genomics and transcriptomic sequencing technology, the regulatory mechanisms of ABC transporters on secondary metabolites have attached great attentions in medicinal plants. This paper reviewed the mechanisms of different groups of ABC transporters in transporting secondary metabolites through cell membranes. This paper provided key theoretical basis and technical supports in studying the mechanisms of ABC transporters in medicinal plant, and promoting the accumulation of secondary metabolites, in order to improve the quality of medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters/metabolism , Biological Transport , Plant Development , Plants, Medicinal/metabolism , Stress, Physiological
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878897

ABSTRACT

Network Meta-analysis was used to compare the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris. PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and other databases were retrieved by computers from the establishment of the databases to June 2020. Randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Chinese patent medicines for the treatment of unstable angina pectoris were collected. Two investigators independently screened out the literatures, and extracted data according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The quality of the included RCTs was evaluated according to the bias risk assessment tool recommended by the Cochrane System Reviewer Manual, and the Stata 13.0 software was used for data analysis and mapping. Through screening, 28 eligible studies were finally included, with the sample size of 2 885 cases, involving 8 Chinese patent medicines. The results of the network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of total effective rate for angina symptom improvement, the order was as follows: Shenshao Capsules > Naoxintong Capsules > Ginkgo Ketone Ester Dripping Pills > Compound Danshen Dripping Pills > Ginkgo Leaf Tablets > Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Tongxinluo Capsules > Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules; in terms of total effective rate for ECG curative effect, the order was as follows: Ginkgo Ketone Ester Dripping Pills>Compound Danshen Dripping Pills > Tongxinluo Capsules > Shenshao Capsules > Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules; in terms of hypersensitivity-C-reactive protein curative effect, the order was as follows: Tongxinluo Capsules > Shenshao Capsules > Ginkgo Leaf Tablets>Compound Danshen Dropping Pills> Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Naoxintong Capsules > Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules > Ginkgo Ketone Ester Dropping Pills. Chinese patent medicine combined with conventional therapy can improve the clinical efficacy of unstable angina pectoris. Due to the differences in the quantity and quality of the included studies, the order results of Chinese patent medicines need to be further verified.


Subject(s)
Angina, Unstable/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate the application value of a modified retroauricular hairline incision and a sternocleidomastoid flap with an inferior pedicle in the resection of benign parotid gland tumors.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight patients with benign parotid gland tumors were retrospectively analyzed: 19 cases were included in the experimental group with an improved retroauricular hairline incision and a sternocleidomastoid flap with an inferior pedicle, and 29 cases were assigned in the control group with a modified facelift incision. Operation time, postoperative drainage, postoperative esthetic degree, and incidence of facial nerve paralysis, salivary fistula, and Frey's syndrome were compared.@*RESULTS@#After the esthetic procedure, the average score of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group, and the esthetic effect of the former was better than that of the latter (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The modified retroauricular hairline incision and sternocleidomastoid flap with an inferior pedicle can be applied to resect benign parotid gland tumors safely. It shows a better cosmetic effect and does not cause obvious postoperative complications. Therefore, it should be promoted for tumor treatments.


Subject(s)
Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Parotid Gland/surgery , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Sweating, Gustatory
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1181-1190, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878169

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pre-operative non-invasive histological evaluation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a challenge. Tumor perfusion is significantly associated with the development and aggressiveness of HCC. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical value of quantitative liver perfusion parameters and corresponding histogram parameters derived from traditional triphasic enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans in predicting histological grade of HCC.@*METHODS@#Totally, 52 patients with HCC were enrolled in this retrospective study and underwent triple-phase enhanced CT imaging. The blood perfusion parameters were derived from triple-phase CT scans. The relationship of liver perfusion parameters and corresponding histogram parameters with the histological grade of HCC was analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the optimal ability of the parameters to predict the tumor histological grade.@*RESULTS@#The variance of arterial enhancement fraction (AEF) was significantly higher in HCCs without poorly differentiated components (NP-HCCs) than in HCCs with poorly differentiated components (P-HCCs). The difference in hepatic blood flow (HF) between total tumor and total liver flow (ΔHF = HFtumor - HFliver) and relative flow (rHF = ΔHF/HFliver) were significantly higher in NP-HCCs than in P-HCCs. The difference in portal vein blood supply perfusion (PVP) between tumor and liver tissue (ΔPVP) and the ΔPVP/liver PVP ratio (rPVP) were significantly higher in patients with NP-HCCs than in patients with P-HCCs. The area under ROC (AUC) of ΔPVP and rPVP were both 0.697 with a high sensitivity of 84.2% and specificity of only 56.2%. The ΔHF and rHF had a higher specificity of 87.5% with an AUC of 0.681 and 0.673, respectively. The combination of rHF and rPVP showed the highest AUC of 0.732 with a sensitivity of 57.9% and specificity of 93.8%. The combined parameter of ΔHF and rPVP, rHF and rPVP had the highest positive predictive value of 0.903, and that of rPVP and ΔPVP had the highest negative predictive value of 0.781.@*CONCLUSION@#Liver perfusion parameters and corresponding histogram parameters (including ΔHF, rHF, ΔPVP, rPVP, and AEFvariance) in patients with HCC derived from traditional triphasic CT scans may be helpful to non-invasively and pre-operatively predict the degree of the differentiation of HCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Perfusion , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 316-322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885751

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of functional esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) and to improve the knowledge of functional EGJOO.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2019, at the Gastrointestinal Motility Center of The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, 91 patients who underwent high resolution esophageal manometry (HREM) and met the EGJOO criteria of Chicago Classification for esophageal motility disorders, 3rd edition and excluded organic diseases by examination such as gastroscopy or upper gastrointestinal radiography were collected. The clinical manifestations, treatment methods, effect and clinical outcome of patients with functional EGJOO, the HREM parameters of patients with different clinical manifestations as well as symptoms and HREM parameters of patients with different treatments were analyzed. Least significant difference test or Tamhanes T2 test, Mann-Whitney U or Wilcoxon test, chi-square test or Fisher exact test were used for statistical analysis. Results:The most common symptom of 91 functional EGJOO patients was dysphagia (34/91, 37.4%). The lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP) and the intrabolus pressure during relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (IBP LESR) of patients with dysphagia were both higher than those of patients without dysphagia (30.95 mmHg (26.27 mmHg, 39.37 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. 27.35 mmHg (24.60 mmHg, 34.87 mmHg); (8.25±4.64) mmHg vs. (5.69±4.65) mmHg), and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=2.076, t=2.539; P=0.038, 0.013). Thirty patients (33.0%) had no special treatment, 52 patients (57.1%) were treated with medication, and nine patients (10.0%) underwent peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). The incidence of dysphagia before treatment and maximum intrabolus pressure of patients who underwent POEM were both higher than those of patients without special treatment and medication treatment (8/9 vs 43.3%, 13/30 and 25.0%, 13/52; 21.80 mmHg (15.45 mmHg, 28.95 mmHg) vs. 12.20 mmHg (10.00 mmHg, 18.10 mmHg) and 13.70 mmHg (11.07 mmHg, 17.82 mmHg)), and the differences were statistically significant (Fisher exact test, Fisher exact test; Z=2.814, 2.390; P=0.023, P<0.01, P=0.005, 0.017). The incidences of delayed esophageal emptying or esophageal dilation of patients who underwent POEM, without special treatment and with medication treatment was 6/9, 5/14 and 3/18, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant among three groups (Fisher exact test, P=0.039). Among them, the incidence of delayed esophageal emptying or esophageal dilation of patients received POEM before treatment was higher than that of patients with medication treatment (Fisher exact test, P=0.026). The symptoms of 24.2% (22/91) was spontaneously relieved, and two patients (2.2%) developed type Ⅱ achalasia during follow-up. Conclusions:The main manifestation of patients with functional EGJOO is dysphagia. Patients with significantly increased LESP and IBP LESP are more likely to have dysphagia. Patients with obvious signs of esophageal gastric junction obstruction are more inclined to choose POEM treatment. Some patients with functional EGJOO can relieve themselves, and a few patients can develop achalasia.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 88-93, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of esophagogastric junction contractile index (EGJ-CI) in distinguishing patients with refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (RGERD) from functional heartburn (FH).Methods:From March 2014 to January 2018, 82 patients with proton pump inhibitor (PPI) refractory heartburn and/or regurgitation, who visited the Outpatient Department of Gastroenterology at The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University were enrolled, among them 50 patients with RGERD (RGERD group) and 32 patients with FH (FH group). EGJ-CI of RGERD group and FH group were compared. The sensitivity and specificity of EGJ-CI to distinguish RGERD from FH patients. The correlation between EGJ-CI and high resolution esophageal manometry parameters, baseline impedance level and 24 h impedance-pH monitoring parameters were analyzed. Mann-Whitney U test, receiver operator characteristic curve analysis and Spearman correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results:The EGJ-CI of RGERD group was lower than that of FH group (25.8 mmHg·cm (14.1 mmHg·cm, 35.9 mmHg·cm)(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. 39.2 mmHg·cm (23.0 mmHg·cm, 60.8 mmHg·cm)), and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.833, P=0.005). When the cut-off value of EGJ-CI was 35.8 mmHg·cm, the sensitivity and specificity to distinguish RGERD from FH were 76.0% and 62.5%, respectively; area under the curve was 0.69 (95% CI 0.57 to 0.81). EGJ-CI was positively correlated with lower sphincter resting pressure, integrated relaxation pressure, distal contractile integral, distal esophageal pressure, and mean nocturnal baseline impedance ( r=0.812, 0.631, 0.451, 0.490 and 0.401, all P<0.01). EGJ-CI was negatively correlated with DeMeester score, acid exposure time, total reflux episodes, acid reflux episodes, long reflux episodes and longest reflux time ( r=-0.363, -0.372, -0.346, -0.318, -0.300 and -0.291, all P<0.01). Conclusions:EGJ-CI can help to distinguish patients with FH from RGERD.

12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 402-407, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of nicastrin (nct) gene on the biological functions of melanocytes in zebrafish.Methods:By using a morpholino oligonucleotide (MO) technology, a nct-MO sequence targeting the zebrafish nct mRNA was designed, so was a MO control (ctrl-MO) sequence. Then, the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) mRNA with MO target sequence at its 5′ end was synthesized, and co-microinjected with the nct-MO or ctrl-MO sequence into the zebrafish embryos to verify the silencing efficiency of nct-MO and observe changes in developmental phenotypes in zebrafish. With wild-type zebrafish as a blank control group, real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) was conducted to determine the mRNA expression of melanin synthesis-and notch signaling pathway-related genes, including mitfa, tyr, tyrp1a, tyrp1b, dct, pmela, notch1a, notch1b and hey1 genes. One-way analysis of variance was used for the comparison of means among multiple groups, and least significant difference (LSD) - t test for multiple comparisons. Results:Eight hours after zebrafish fertilization, green fluorescence was observed in the zebrafish embryos in the ctrl-MO+EGFP mRNA group, but not in the nct-MO+EGFP mRNA group or blank control group. Forty-eight hours after fertilization, the proportion of pigmented area among the whole area of the tail of zebrafish larvae was significantly lower in the nct-MO group (0.169 ± 0.083) than in the ctrl-MO group (0.258 ± 0.042, t=3.202, P=0.005) , and disorderly pigment distribution in the tails was observed in the nct-MO group. RT-PCR revealed significant differences in the mRNA expression of pmela, tyrp1a and hey1 genes among the nct-MO group, ctrl-MO group and blank control group (all P < 0.05) , but no significant difference was observed in the mRNA expression of mitfa, tyr, tyrp1b, dct, notch1a or notch1b genes among the 3 groups (all P>0.05) ; the relative expression levels of pmela and tyrp1a mRNAs were significantly lower in the nct-MO group (0.708 ± 0.028, 0.558 ± 0.136, respectively) than in the ctrl-MO group (1.023 ± 0.142, 1.016 ± 0.134, respectively, both P < 0.05) . Conclusion:The nct gene may affect biological functions of melanocytes by regulating melanin synthesis in zebrafish.

13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 318-324, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a presenilin enhancer-2 (PSENEN) gene-silenced human immortalized keratinocyte (HaCaT) cell model, and to evaluate the effect of PSENEN gene silencing on the proliferation of and γ-secretase expression in HaCaT cells.Methods:Three shRNAs targeting the PSENEN gene were constructed, and inserted into the linearized LV3-pGLV-h1-GFP-puro vector to establish a recombinant lentiviral expression plasmid. After restriction enzyme digestion and sequencing, lentiviral packaging and purification were performed, and lentiviral titer was determined. Cultured HaCaT cells were divided into 5 groups: shRNA1, shRNA2 and shRNA3 groups treated with the lentivirus solutions containing PSENEN gene-targeted shRNA1, shRNA2 and shRNA3 respectively, NC group treated with the lentivirus solution containing a negative control shRNA (shNC) , and blank group treated without lentivirus solution. After transfection, inverted fluorescence microscopy was performed, and transfection efficiency was determined by flow cytometry. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay was performed to evaluate the effect of PSENEN gene silencing on the proliferation of HaCaT cells, and real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR (qPCR) and Western blot analysis were conducted to determine the mRNA and protein expression of PSENEN, nicastrin (NCT) , presenilin-1 (PS1) and anterior pharynx defective 1a (APH1a) genes respectively. Statistical analysis was carried out by using repeated measures analysis of variance, one-way analysis of variance, and least significant difference t test for multiple comparisons. Results:Inverted fluorescence microscopy showed that fluorescence was observed in the shRNA1 group, shRNA2 group, shRNA3 group and NC group, and flow cytometry showed that the transfection efficiency was over 98% in the above 4 groups. qPCR and Western blot analysis revealed that the mRNA and protein expression of PSENEN gene significantly decreased in the shRNA1 (0.187 ± 0.010, 0.219 ± 0.097, respectively) , shRNA2 (0.163 ± 0.022, 0.208 ± 0.014, respectively) and shRNA3 (0.174 ± 0.009, 0.185 ± 0.062, respectively) groups compared with the NC group (1.054 ± 0.272, 1.076 ± 0.075, respectively, all P < 0.001) . CCK8 assay showed that the cellular proliferative activity significantly increased in the shRNA1 group compared with the NC group at 0, 12, 36 and 48 hours (all P < 0.05) , and there was no significant difference between the 2 groups at 24 or 60 hours (both P > 0.05) ; the cellular proliferative activity was significantly higher in the shRNA2 and shRNA3 groups than in the NC group at 0, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 hours (all P < 0.05) . There was no significant difference in the mRNA expression of NCT, PS1 and APH1a genes among the shRNA1 group, shRNA2 group, shRNA3 group, NC group, and blank group ( F= 8.168, 4.644, 1.981, respectively, all P > 0.05) , while the relative protein expression level of mature NCT (mNCT) , immature NCT (imNCT) , carboxyl-terminal fragment of PS1 (PS1-CTF) and APH1a significantly differed among the above 5 groups ( F= 39.268, 5.929, 27.842, 20.663, respectively, all P ≤ 0.01) . Compared with the NC group, the shRNA1, shRNA2 and shRNA3 groups all showed significantly decreased protein expression of mNCT, PS1-CTF and APH1a (all P < 0.01) , but insignificant changes in imNCT protein expression (all P > 0.05) . Conclusion:The PSENEN gene-silenced HaCaT cell model was successfully constructed, and the PSENEN gene silencing could lead to an increase in the cellular proliferative activity of HaCaT cells and a decrease in the protein expression of γ-secretase subunits mNCT, PS1-CTF and APH1a.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885089

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between metabolically healthy obesity(MHO) and atherosclerosis risk among Chinese community population aged 40 or older.Methods:A total of 9 525 participants without cardiovascular diseases (3 621 men and 5 904 women) from Jiading community in Shanghai were enrolled to complete questionnaires, undergo extensive physical examination including brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and blood pressure (BP) assessment, and laboratory screening. According to body mass index (BMI) and metabolic status, these participants were categorized into 4 groups including metabolically healthy non-obese (MHNO), metabolically unhealthy non-obese (MUNO), MHO, and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO). High baPWV was defined as baPWV>1 400 mm/s, and high pulse pressure (PP) was defined as PP above fourth quartile of the population. Multivariate logistic regression model was conducted to explore the relationship between MHO and high baPWV as well as high PP after adjusting for confounders. Results:After multivariable adjustment, such as sex, age, current smoking, current drinking, and education, logistic regression analysis showed that MHO was significantly correlated with high baPWV ( OR=1.18, 95% CI 1.02-1.37) and high PP ( OR=1.72, 95% CI 1.43-2.08) in comparison with MHNO. Otherwise, both MUNO and MUO subjects were at higher risk for suffering from high baPWV (MUNO: OR=3.02, 95% CI 2.60-3.50; MUO: OR=3.26, 95% CI 2.87-3.70) and high PP (MUNO: OR=2.56, 95% CI 2.17-3.02; MUO: OR=3.49, 95% CI 3.01-4.06). Conclusion:On the basis of Chinese community population, there was a pronounced correlation between the MHO phenotype and the increased risk of developing atherosclerosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882012

ABSTRACT

A case report of pneumonia vaccination followed by death due to Guillain-Barré syndrome was fully presented and discussed. The association between the vaccination and Guillain-Barré syndrome could not be completely ruled out; however, the diagnosis of coincidental event was preferred, which may provide a reference for future similar case investigation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880164

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the causes, treatment options and outcomes of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) patients with splanchnic venous thrombosis (SVT).@*METHODS@#The clinical diagnosis, treatment and outcomes data of one 26-year-old male ITP patient with SVT as initial manifestation were collected. The possible causes and treatment options of the patients were discussed through literatures review.@*RESULTS@#The result of blood routine tests of the patient showed that Plt(17-38)×10@*CONCLUSION@#ITP combined with large scale of SVT is rare, and it is difficult to cure. It should be pay more attention to the possible thrombosis risk triggered by a transiently increased EOS in the blood stream. Promptly etiological treatment and the balance between anticoagulant therapy and bleeding risks should be taken in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight , Humans , Male , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/complications , Splanchnic Circulation , Venous Thrombosis
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879883

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the influence of placental pathological chorangiosis in the mother on the mortality of neonates and the incidence rate of complications.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the neonates who were hospitalized within 3 days after birth in the Department of Neonatology, Xiamen Maternal and Child Health Hospital, from July 2016 to February 2020. According to whether the placental pathology showed chorangiosis, the neonates were divided into an observation group and a control group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the observation group had a significantly higher cesarean section rate (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neonates born to mothers with placental pathological chorangiosis tend to have a higher morbidity rate and incidence rate of complications. It is important to improve the understanding of chorangiosis and provide intervention as soon as possible, in order to reduce complications and improve prognosis.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Child , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879803

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the safety of two ventilator weaning strategies after high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) for the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted for 101 preterm infants with NRDS, with a gestational age of ≤32@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the failure rate of ventilator weaning within 72 hours (8% vs 14%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with NRDS, the strategy of weaning directly from HFOV is safe and reliable and can reduce the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation, and therefore, it holds promise for clinical application.


Subject(s)
High-Frequency Ventilation , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Prospective Studies , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Ventilator Weaning
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200791, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250185

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: IGF-1 may be an important factor in bone remodeling, but its mechanism of action on osteoclasts during orthodontic tooth movement is complex and unclear. Methodology: The closed-coil spring was placed between the left maxillary first molar and upper incisors with a force of 50 g to establish an orthodontic movement model. Eighty SD rats were randomized to receive phosphate buffer saline or 400 ng rhIGF-1 in the lateral buccal mucosa of the left maxillary first molar every two days. Tissue sections were stained for tartrate-resistant acidic phosphatase (TRAP), the number of TRAP-positive cells was estimated and tooth movement measured. Results: The rhIGF-1 group exhibited evidential bone resorption and lacuna appeared on the alveolar bone compared to the control group. Moreover, the number of osteoclasts in compression side of the periodontal ligament in the rhIGF-1 group peaked at day 4 (11.37±0.95 compared to 5.28±0.47 in the control group) after the orthodontic force was applied and was significantly higher than that of the control group (p<0.01). Furthermore, the distance of tooth movement in the rhIGF-1 group was significantly larger than that of the control group from day 4 to day 14 (p<0.01), suggesting that rhIGF-1 accelerated orthodontic tooth movement. Conclusion: Our study has showed that rhIGF-1 could stimulate the formation of osteoclasts in the periodontal ligament, and accelerate bone remodeling and orthodontic tooth movement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Osteoclasts , Tooth Movement Techniques , Periodontal Ligament , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Bone Remodeling , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
20.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833863

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#It is known that post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index represents the chemical clearance of the esophagus. However, few studies have explored why some reflux episodes could induce PSPW while others in the same patient could not. The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of reflux episodes which could elicit PSPW. @*Methods@#In this study, 269 reflux episodes were detected, of which 90 with a PSPW and 179 without a PSPW. Comparisons were made between the characteristics of reflux episodes with a PSPW and without a PSPW. The characteristics were including nadir pH, pH drop, proximal extent (cm, sec), ascending velocity (cm/sec), volume clearance time, acid clearance time, percentage acidic (%), 15 to 60-minute acid burden (seconds), and 15- to 60-minute volume burden (seconds). The characteristics between the 2 groups were compared through performing Wilcoxon signed rank test. @*Results@#Reflux episodes followed by a PSPW were significantly associated with a higher proximal extent than those without a PSPW. After the reflux episodes, higher volume clearance time and larger volume burden were more likely to trigger a PSPW. However, there were no significant differences between the 2 groups in nadir pH, pH drop, ascending velocity, acid clearance time, percentage acidic, or acid burden. @*Conclusions@#The role of acid seems to be less important in a reflux episode inducing a PSPW. Proximal reflux episodes are more likely to induce a PSPW. The depression of volume clearance may also be an important factor in eliciting a PSPW.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL