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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 55-62, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013592

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of long non- coding RNA p21 (LncRNA p21) regulating Hippo- Yes-associated protein (Hippo-YAP) signaling pathway on the formation of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in mice. Methods C57BL/6 ApoE

2.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 34-43, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013567

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the capillarization of liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) and its association with hepatic fibrosis during the development of alveolar echinococcosis, so as to provide the basis for unraveling the mechanisms underlying the role of LSEC in the development and prognosis of hepatic injuries and hepatic fibrosis caused by alveolar echinococcosis. Methods Forty C57BL/6 mice at ages of 6 to 8 weeks were randomly divided into a control group and 1-, 2- and 4-week infection groups, of 10 mice in each group. Each mouse in the infection groups was intraperitoneally injected with 2 000 Echinococcus multilocularis protoscoleces, while each mouse in the control group was given an equal volume of phosphate-buffered saline using the same method. All mice were sacrificed 1, 2 and 4 weeks post-infection and mouse livers were collected. The pathological changes of livers were observed using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and hepatic fibrosis was evaluated through semi-quantitative analysis of Masson’s trichrome staining-positive areas. The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition were examined using immunohistochemical staining of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1), and the fenestrations on the surface of LSECs were observed using scanning electron microscopy. Primary LSECs were isolated from mouse livers, and the mRNA expression of LSEC marker genes Stabilin-1, Stabilin-2, Ehd3, CD209b, GATA4 and Maf was quantified using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay. Results Destruction of local liver lobular structure was observed in mice 2 weeks post-infection with E. multilocularis protoscoleces, and hydatid cysts, which were surrounded by granulomatous tissues, were found in mouse livers 4 weeks post-infection. Semi-quantitative analysis of Masson’s trichrome staining showed a significant difference in the proportion of collagen fiber contents in mouse livers among the four groups (F = 26.060, P < 0.001), and a higher proportion of collagen fiber contents was detected in mouse livers in the 4-week infection group [(11.29 ± 2.58)%] than in the control group (P < 0.001). Immunohistochemical staining revealed activation of a few HSCs and ECM deposition in mouse livers 1 and 2 weeks post-infection, and abundant brown-yellow stained α-SMA and COL1A1 were deposited in the lesion areas in mouse livers 4 weeks post-infection, which spread to surrounding tissues. Semi-quantitative analysis revealed significant differences in α-SMA (F = 7.667, P < 0.05) and COL1A1 expression (F = 6.530, P < 0.05) in mouse levers among the four groups, with higher α-SMA [(7.13 ± 3.68)%] and COL1A1 expression [(13.18 ± 7.20)%] quantified in mouse livers in the 4-week infection group than in the control group (both P values < 0.05). Scanning electron microscopy revealed significant differences in the fenestration frequency (F = 37.730, P < 0.001) and porosity (F = 16.010, P < 0.001) on the surface of mouse LSECs among the four groups, and reduced fenestration frequency and porosity were observed in the 1-[(1.22 ± 0.48)/μm2 and [(3.05 ± 0.91)%] and 2-week infection groups [(3.47 ± 0.10)/μm2 and (7.57 ± 0.23)%] groups than in the control group (all P values < 0.001). There was a significant difference in the average fenestration diameter on the surface of mouse LSECs among the four groups (F = 15.330, P < 0.001), and larger average fenestration diameters were measured in the 1-[(180.80 ± 16.42) nm] and 2-week infection groups [(161.70 ± 3.85) nm] than in the control group (both P values < 0.05). In addition, there were significant differences among the four groups in terms of Stabilin-1 (F = 153.100, P < 0.001), Stabilin-2 (F = 57.010, P < 0.001), Ehd3 (F = 31.700, P < 0.001), CD209b (F = 177.400, P < 0.001), GATA4 (F = 17.740, P < 0.001), and Maf mRNA expression (F = 72.710, P < 0.001), and reduced mRNA expression of Stabilin-1, Stabilin-2, Ehd3, CD209b, GATA4 and Maf genes was quantified in three infection groups than in the control group (all P values < 0.001). Conclusions E. multilocularis infections may induce capillarization of LSECs in mice, and result in a reduction in the expression of functional and phenotypic marker genes of LSECs, and capillarization of LSECs occurs earlier than activation of HSC and development of hepatic fibrosis.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 465-472, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007760

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#To perform anatomical anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), tunnels should be placed relatively higher in the femoral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) footprint based on the findings of direct and indirect femoral insertion. But the clinical results of higher femoral tunnels (HFT) in double-bundle ACLR (DB-ACLR) remain unclear. The purpose was to investigate the clinical results of HFT and lower femoral tunnels (LFT) in DB-ACLR.@*METHODS@#From September 2014 to February 2016, 83 patients who underwent DB-ACLR and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into HFT-ACLR (group 1, n = 37) and LFT-ACLR (group 2, n = 46) according to the position of femoral tunnels. Preoperatively and at the final follow-up, clinical scores were evaluated with International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Tegner activity, and Lysholm score. The stability of the knee was evaluated with KT-2000, Lachman test, and pivot-shift test. Cartilage degeneration grades of the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) were evaluated on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Graft tension, continuity, and synovialization were evaluated by second-look arthroscopy. Return-to-sports was assessed at the final follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Significantly better improvement were found for KT-2000, Lachman test, and pivot-shift test postoperatively in group 1 ( P >0.05). Posterolateral bundles (PL) showed significantly better results in second-look arthroscopy regarding graft tension, continuity, and synovialization ( P <0.05), but not in anteromedial bundles in group 1. At the final follow-up, cartilage worsening was observed in groups 1 and 2, but it did not reach a stastistically significant difference ( P >0.05). No statistically significant differences were found in IKDC subjective score, Tegner activity, and Lysholm score between the two groups. Higher return-to-sports rate was found in group 1 with 86.8% (32/37) vs. 65.2% (30/46) in group 2 ( P = 0.027).@*CONCLUSION@#The HFT-ACLR group showed better stability results, better PL, and higher return-to-sports rate compared to the LFT-ACLR group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Treatment Outcome
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 74-80, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009226

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the role and importance of fibular fixation in tibiofibular fractures by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The literature related to the comparison of the efficacy of fixation of the fibula with or without fixation on the treatment of tibiofibular fractures was searched through the databases of China Knowledge Network, Wipu, Wanfang, The Cochrane Library, Web of science and Pubmed, and statistical analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. The rates of malrotation, rotational deformity, internal/external deformity, anterior/posterior deformity, non-union, infection, secondary surgery and operative time were compared between the fibula fixation and non-fixation groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11 publications were included, six randomised controlled trials and five case-control trials, eight of which were of high quality. A total of 813 cases were included, of which 383 were treated with fibula fixation and 430 with unfixed fibulae.Meta-analysis results showed that fixation of the fibulae in the treatment of tibiofibular fractures reduced the rates of postoperative rotational deformity[RR=0.22, 95%CI(0.10, 0.45), P<0.000 1] and internal/external deformity[RR=0.34, 95%CI(0.14, 0.84), P=0.02] and promoted fracture healing [RR=0.76, 95%CI(0.58, 0.99), P=0.04]. In contrast, the rates of poor reduction [RR=0.48, 95% CI(0.10, 2.33), P=0.36], anterior/posterior deformity[RR=1.50, 95%CI(0.76, 2.96), P=0.24], infection[RR=1.43, 95%CI(0.76, 2.72), P=0.27], secondary surgery[RR=1.32, 95%CI(0.82, 2.11), P=0.25], and operative time[MD=10.21, 95%CI(-17.79, 38.21), P=0.47] were not statistically significant (P>0.05) for comparison.@*CONCLUSION@#Simultaneous fixation of the tibia and fibula is clinically more effective in the treatment of tibiofibular fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibula/surgery , Fractures, Bone/complications , Tibia/surgery , Fracture Healing , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 537-543, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992745

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the effects of preperitoneal balloon (PPB) tamponade with different volumes of fluid on hemodynamically unstable pelvic fracture-associated arterial and venous hemorrhage in a swine model.Methods:A model of open-book pelvic fracture with injuries to external iliac vessels was established in 18 female 12-month old Bama miniature pigs. After the successful establishment of hemodynamically unstable pelvic fracture with vascular injury was confirmed by contrast agent imaging, the animals were randomized into 3 even groups ( n=6): a control group (group C) subjected to PPB tamponade with 0 mL fluid injected, group T1 subjected to PPB tamponade with 500-mL fluid injected, and group T2 subjected to PPB tamponade with 1,000-mL fluid injected. The 3 groups were compared in terms of 60-min survival rate, balloon pressure, peritoneal pressure, bladder pressure, 70-min survival rate, blood loss, and infusion volume. Results:There was no statistically significant difference in the basic hemodynamic or other experimental indicators among the 3 groups before experiment, indicating comparability ( P>0.05). The 60-min survival rate in group T2 was 100.0% (6/6), significantly higher than those in group C and group T1 [0.0% (0/6), 0.0% (0/6)] ( P<0.05). After fluid injection, the balloon pressure and preperitoneal pressure in group T2 were respectively (127.2±4.7) mmHg and (34.5±3.6) mmHg, significantly higher than those in group T1 [(78.7±3.8) mmHg and (13.7±2.8) mmHg] and in group C [0 mmHg and (9.0±1.4) mmHg], and the 2 indicators in group T1 were significantly higher than those in group C (all P<0.05). After fluid injection, there was no statistically significant difference among groups C, T1, and T2 in bladder pressure [(6.7±1.0) mmHg, (5.8±1.9) mmHg, and (6.0±1.1) mmHg] or in bleeding volume [(1,163.0±191.3) mL, (1,212.0±148.4) mL, and (975.0±133.2) mL] (all P≥ 0.05). The infusion volume in group T1 [(1,250.0±225.8) mL] was significantly larger than that in group C [(951.7±177.8) mL] ( P<0.05). No colorectal or bladder injuries were found by the anatomy of the experimental animals in 3 groups. Conclusions:PPB tamponade with 1,000-mL fluid injected in a swine model can efficiently control pelvic fracture-associated arterial and venous hemorrhage, and increase the 60-min survival rate with no colorectal or bladder injuries.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 724-728, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992369

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic effect of Jianpi Huoxue Jiedu recipe on upper limb edema of spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation, blood stasis and toxin internal knot type after modified radical surgery for breast cancer.Methods:From January 2020 to May 2022, a total of 60 patients with upper limb edema of spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation, blood stasis and toxin internal knot type after modified radical surgery for breast cancer were selected and treated in Longyan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Xiamen University. They were divided into control group and observation group according to random number table, with 30 cases in each group. The control group was treated with routine western medicine comprehensive swelling reduction surgery, while the observation group was treated with a combination of Jianpi Huoxue Jiedu recipe (1 dose/day, warmly-taken in the morning and evening) for one month on the basis of the control group. The clinical efficacy, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, edema diameter, breast cancer quality of life scale (FACT), and joint range of motion were compared between the two groups after treatment.Results:After one month of treatment, the total clinical effective rate of the observation group (93.33%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (70.00%, P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM syndrome scores (upper limb swelling, pain, fullness, sense of restraint, skin keratinization, itching, heaviness, stuffiness, and fatigue) of both groups of patients decreased compared to those before treatment, and the observation group was lower than the control group (all P<0.05). After treatment, the diameter of edema in the affected limbs was significantly reduced in both groups of patients, and the diameter of 10 cm above the wrist and elbow stripes in the observation group was smaller than that in the control group (all P<0.05). After treatment, the FACT scores of the two groups of patients significantly decreased, and the FACT scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (all P<0.05). After treatment, the joint activity of the two groups of patients significantly increased, and the joint activity of the observation group was greater than that of the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The clinical efficacy of Jianpi Huoxue Jiedu recipe combined with western medicine in treating upper limb edema of spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation, blood stasis and toxin accumulation type after modified radical operation of breast cancer is better than that of western medicine alone. It can significantly improve the clinical symptoms, signs, quality of life, and joint mobility of upper limbs of patients, and reduce upper limb edema.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 222-225, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991609

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of dexmedetomidine on cough reactions and related indexes during recovery from general anesthesia in thyroid tumor surgery.Methods:A total of 90 patients with thyroid tumor who underwent general anesthesia for thyroid tumor surgery from July 2019 to July 2021 in the First People's Hospital of Shangqiu City, Henan Province were selected and divided into the observation group (45 cases) and the control group (45 cases) according to the random number table method. The observation group was given dexmedetomidine 0.5 μg/kg intravenously at the beginning of the surgery, and the intravenous drip time should not be less than 10 min; the control group was given the same dose of normal saline intravenously. The recovery time and extubation time of the two groups were compared, and the incidence of cough reactions during the recovery from general anesthesia was compared. Changes of visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain at 6 h, 24 h and 48 h after surgery, and the changes of stress response indexes [cortisol (Cor), epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE)] and pain factors [prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and β-endorphin (β-EP)] before and 48 h after surgery were compared.Results:The recovery time and extubation time in the observation group [(15.62 ± 3.64), (18.27 ± 4.25) min] were faster than those in the control group [(23.12 ± 4.53), (25.65 ± 3.89) min, P < 0.001]. The incidence of cough reactions during recovery from general anesthesia in the observation group [8.89% (4/45)] was lower than that in the control group [28.89% (13/45), P = 0.015]. The VAS score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group at 6 h, 24 h and 48 h after surgery ( P < 0.001). The levels of serum Cor, E and NE at 48 h after surgery in both groups were higher than those before surgery ( P < 0.001); and the serum Cor, E, and NE levels in the observation group were lower than those in the control group at 48 h after surgery ( P < 0.001). The serum PGE2 and NPY levels of the two groups at 48 h after surgery were higher than those before surgery, while β-EP level was lower than that before surgery ( P < 0.001); the serum PGE2 and NPY levels in the observation group were lower than those in the control group at 48 h after surgery, while β-EP level was higher than that in the control group ( P < 0.001). Conclusion:Dexmedetomidine can reduce the cough reactions during recovery from general anesthesia in thyroid tumor surgery, significantly reduce pain, and has little effect on stress response and pain factors.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1140-1144, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide basis for carrying out standardized training courses of intravenous therapy nursing technology for community nurses and improving the level of intravenous therapy for community nurses.Methods:This was a quasi experimental study. From May to July 2020, 260 nurses from 20 community health service institutions in Dalian were investigated with the convenient sampling method and self-designed evaluation scale for venous treatment nursing skills of community nurses and were given standardized training. The changes of venous treatment nursing skills of community nurses before and after training were compared.Results:The scores of theoretical knowledge, skill operation, complication nursing and health education of the intravenous therapy nursing skill evaluation scale for community nurses after training were (15.32 ± 1.67), (18.26 ± 2.46), (19.32 ± 1.57) and (16.33 ± 1.02) points, which were higher than (10.23 ± 2.43), (12.35 ± 3.42), (14.36 ± 2.48) and (12.31 ± 1.47) points before training. The difference was statistically significant ( t values were 1.32-2.46, all P<0.05). After the training, the total score of the evaluation scale of community nurses' intravenous treatment nursing skills was (77.41 ± 1.21)points, which was higher than that before the training (55.38 ± 1.35) points, with a statistically significant difference ( t=2.38, P<0.05). Conclusions:Higher medical institutions should construct venous treatment training group, strengthen the training of community nurses on intravenous therapy, improve the quality of community intravenous therapy services, and promote the better functioning of community health service institutions.

9.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 202-207, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989544

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory effect of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) FTX on gastric cancer cell proliferation through miR-22-3p/NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome pathway.Methods:The gastric cancer cell line NCI-N87 were divided into blank control group, si-FTX-NC group, si-FTX group, si-FTX+miR-22-3p inhibitor-NC group and si-FTX+miR-22-3p inhibitor group. Quantitative real-time fluorescent PCR was performed to analyze the expression levels of lncRNA FTX and miR-22-3p, clone formation assay was performed to analyze the proliferation ability of NCI-N87 cells, western blotting was performed to analyze the expressions of NLRP3 inflammasome pathway proteins, and dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to analyze the targeting relationship between lncRNA FTX and miR-22-3p.Results:The relative expressions of lncRNA FTX in the blank control group, si-FTX-NC group, si-FTX group, si-FTX+miR-22-3p inhibitor-NC group and si-FTX+miR-22-3p inhibitor group were 1.03±0.09, 1.01±0.15, 0.42±0.08, 0.45±0.06 and 0.46±0.13 respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=52.19, P<0.001). The relative expressions of miR-22-3p were 1.04±0.12, 0.97±0.08, 2.26±0.15, 2.23±0.13 and 1.15±0.11 respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=178.53, P<0.001). Compared with the blank control group and si-FTX-NC group, the relative expressions of lncRNA FTX in the si-FTX group, si-FTX+miR-22-3p inhibitor-NC group and si-FTX+miR-22-3p inhibitor group decreased (all P<0.001). Compared with the blank control group, si-FTX-NC group and si-FTX+miR-22-3p inhibitor group, the relative expressions of miR-22-3p in the si-FTX group and si-FTX+miR-22-3p inhibitor-NC group increased (all P<0.001). The clones of the five groups were 115.50±7.25, 112.33±8.46, 54.83±5.17, 56.17±6.32 and 85.67±9.43, with a statistically significant difference ( F=91.67, P<0.001). The levels of NLRP3 protein in the five groups were 1.84±0.17, 1.86±0.12, 0.95±0.09, 0.97±0.11 and 1.28±0.19, with a statistically significant difference ( F=60.62, P<0.001). Compared with the blank control group and si-FTX-NC group, the number of clones and the level of NLRP3 protein of the si-FTX group, si-FTX+miR-22-3p inhibitor-NC group and si-FTX+miR-22-3p inhibitor group decreased (all P<0.05). Compared with the si-FTX+miR-22-3p inhibitor group, the number of clones and the level of NLRP3 protein in the si-FTX group and si-FTX+miR-22-3p inhibitor-NC group decreased (all P<0.05). The dual-luciferase reporter assay found that miR-22-3p was the target gene of lncRNA FTX. Conclusion:Silencing the expression of lncRNA FTX can inhibit the proliferation of gastric cancer cells, and the mechanism may be related to the regulation of lncRNA FTX on the miR-22-3p/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway.

10.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 461-467, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987666

ABSTRACT

@#In order to study the involatile chemical components in Moutai-flavored distiller’s grains, the Moutai-flavored distiller’s grains were extracted with 75% ethanol, followed by extraction with petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol. Silica gel, ODS, sephadex LH-20, and preparative HPLC were used to separate and identify the petroleum ether and ethyl acetate layers.ESI-MS and NMR were used to identify the compounds, which were respectively identified as pentadecanoic acid (1), palmitic acid (2), trans-2-decenoic acid (3), n-nonyl octadecanoate (4), ethyl octadecanoate (5), ethyl linoleate (6), luric acid (7), 1, 3-dicaprylyl-2-linoleylglycerin (8), cyclic (phenylalanine-proline) (9), cyclo-(proline-leucine) (10), 3, 6-bis-(2-methylpropyl)-2,5-dione piperazine (11), 4-hydroxyphenethyl alcohol (12), 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (13), stigmasterol (14), 2-furancarboxylic acid (15), valine (16), L-alanine acyl-L-proline (17), dihydroquercetin (18), 5, 7, 3'', 4''-tetrahydroxyflavonoids (19), quercetin (20), and naringenin (21). Compounds 1-21 were isolated from distiller’s grains for the first time.

11.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 604-610, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953837

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the immunoprotective effect of active immunization with recombinant peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase from Babesia microti against B. microti infection in mice. Methods Female BALB/c mice at 6 weeks of age, each weighing approximately 20 g, were divided into the recombinant protein immunization group, the infection control group and the normal control group, of 25, 18, 15 mice in each group, respectively. Mice in the recombinant protein immunization group were given active immunization with recombinant BmPPIase protein, and 18 mice with the highest antibody titers were intraperitoneally injected with 100 μL of B. microti-infected whole blood 2 weeks after the last immunization. Mice in the infection control group were intraperitoneally injected with 100 μL of B. microti-infected whole blood, while 15 mice in the normal control group received no treatment. Blood samples were collected from mice in the recombinant protein immunization group and the infection control group on days 0 to 30 post-immunization for detection of B. microti infection, and blood samples were collected on days 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28 post-immunization for routine blood tests with a blood cell analyzer and for detection of serum cytokines using cytometric bead array. Results Anti-BmPPIase antibodies were detected in 25 mice in the recombinant protein immunization group 2 weeks after the last immunization, with titers of 5 × 103 to 8 × 104. B. microti infection rate peaked in mice in both the recombinant protein immunization and the infection control group on day 7 post-immunization, with positive infection rates of 13.3% and 50.0%, and there were significant differences between the two groups in terms of B. microti infection rate on days 3 (χ2= 113.18, P < 0.01), 5 (χ2 = 475.22, P < 0.01), 7 (χ2 = 465.98, P < 0.01) and 9 post-infection (χ2= 18.71, P < 0.01), while the B. microti infection rate tended to be 0 in both groups on day 11 post-immunization. Routine blood tests showed higher red blood cell counts [(5.30 ± 0.50) × 1012 to (9.87 ± 0.24) × 1012 counts/L)] and hemoglobin levels [(89.67 ± 22.80) to (148.60 ± 3.05) g/L)] in the recombinant protein immunization group than in the infection control group on days 0 to 28 post-immunization. Cytometric bead array detected higher serum interferon-γ [(748.59 ± 17.56) to (3 858.28 ± 1 049.10) fg/mL], tumor necrosis factor-α [(6 687.34 ± 1 016.64) to (12 708.13 ± 1 629.79) fg/mL], interleukin (IL)-6 [(611.05 ± 75.60) to (6 852.68 ± 1 554.00) fg/mL] and IL-17a [(167.68 ± 185.00) to (10 849.27 ± 355.40) fg/mL] and lower IL-10 levels [(247.65 ± 138.00) to (18 787.20 ± 2 830.22) fg/mL] in the recombinant protein immunization group than in the infection control group during the study period. Conclusions Recombinant BmPPIase protein induces up-regulation of interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor-α and presents a high immunoprotective activity against B. microti infection in mice, which is a potential vaccine candidate protein.

12.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 496-508, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010954

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This work explores the impact of electroacupuncture (EA) on acute postoperative pain (APP) and the role of stimulator of interferon genes/type-1 interferon (STING/IFN-1) signaling pathway modulation in the analgesic effect of EA in APP rats.@*METHODS@#The APP rat model was initiated through abdominal surgery and the animals received two 30 min sessions of EA at bilateral ST36 (Zusanli) and SP6 (Sanyinjiao) acupoints. Mechanical, thermal and cold sensitivity tests were performed to measure the pain threshold, and electroencephalograms were recorded in the primary somatosensory cortex to identify the effects of EA treatment on APP. Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to examine the expression and distribution of proteins in the STING/IFN-1 pathway as well as neuroinflammation. A STING inhibitor (C-176) was administered intrathecally to verify its role in EA.@*RESULTS@#APP rats displayed mechanical and thermal hypersensitivities compared to the control group (P < 0.05). APP significantly reduced the amplitude of θ, α and γ oscillations compared to their baseline values (P < 0.05). Interestingly, expression levels of proteins in the STING/IFN-1 pathway were downregulated after inducing APP (P < 0.05). Further, APP increased pro-inflammatory factors, including interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α and inducible nitric oxide synthase, and downregulated anti-inflammatory factors, including interleukin-10 and arginase-1 (P < 0.05). EA effectively attenuated APP-induced painful hypersensitivities (P < 0.05) and restored the θ, α and γ power in APP rats (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, EA distinctly activated the STING/IFN-1 pathway and mitigated the neuroinflammatory response (P < 0.05). Furthermore, STING/IFN-1 was predominantly expressed in isolectin-B4- or calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-labeled dorsal root ganglion neurons and superficial laminae of the spinal dorsal horn. Inhibition of the STING/IFN-1 pathway by intrathecal injection of C-176 weakened the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of EA on APP (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA can generate robust analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects on APP, and these effects may be linked to activating the STING/IFN-1 pathway, suggesting that STING/IFN-1 may be a target for relieving APP. Please cite this article as: Ding YY, Xu F, Wang YF, Han LL, Huang SQ, Zhao S, Ma LL, Zhang TH, Zhao WJ, Chen XD. Electroacupuncture alleviates postoperative pain through inhibiting neuroinflammation via stimulator of interferon genes/type-1 interferon pathway. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(5): 496-508.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Electroacupuncture , Pain, Postoperative , Interferons
13.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 49-52, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016051

ABSTRACT

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by repeated abdominal pain and changes in defecation habits, which seriously affects the quality of life of patients. The occurrence and development of IBS are affected by many factors. As an inherent component of the gastrointestinal tract, eosinophils play a role in maintaining the local homeostasis of intestine. The activation of intestinal eosinophils plays a direct or indirect role in the occurrence and development of IBS. This article reviewed the progress of research on the potential role of eosinophils in IBS.

14.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 991-999, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015621

ABSTRACT

Drought is a common limiting factor affecting rice yield and quality. Cerium oxide nanoparticles(nanoceria) have been widely reported to improve crop stress tolerance. However, the effects and mechanisms of nanoceria on rice drought tolerance are still unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate whether nanoceria can improve rice drought tolerance by modulating reactive oxygen species(ROS) homeostasis and nitric oxide(NO) levels. Our results showed that compared with no-nanoparticle treatment, nanoceria significantly increased the fresh weight of rice seedlings under drought stress(19%, P < 0. 05). Also, under drought stress, the ROS level of rice leaves treated with nanoceria was significantly lower(82%, P < 0. 05) than leaves treated with buffer. The leaf NO level after nanoceria treatment, however, is significantly higher(46%, P < 0. 05) than that with no-nanoparticle treatment under drought stress. Moreover, compared with control plants, nanoceria maintained better membrane integrity in rice leaf cells under drought stress, showing a 70% decrease(P < 0. 05) in dead leaf cells. This study explores the mechanisms underlying nanoceria’s improved rice drought tolerance by affecting ROS and NO levels, which not only further enriches our knowledge about the interaction between nanoparticles and crops under abiotic stress but also gives more support on the sustainable development of nano-enabled agriculture.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 972-979, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015596
16.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 70-74, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015260

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role pathway and pattern of the transcription factor myeloma cancer gene (MYC) and its mRNA interaction with microRNA(miRNA, miR) and ciccular RNA(circRNAs) at 0 hour and 6 hour in the rat liver regeneration. Methods The rat 2/3 hepatectomy (partial hepatectomy,PH) model was prepared as described by Higgins, the expression changes of mRNA, miRNA and circRNA together named as competing endogenous RNAs(ceRNA) of remnant liver were detected by the large-scale quantitative detection technology, the interaction network of ceRNA was constructed by Cytoscape 3.2 software, and their correlation in expression and role were analyzed by ceRNA comprehensive analysis. Results It was found that at 0 hour and 6 hours after PH, the ratio value of MYC mRNA showed 0.15±0.03 and 2.36±0.20, miR-540-3p displays 3.00±0.43 and 0.79±0.01, circRNA_04996 showed 1.43±0.43 and 3.14±0.94. At the same time, the four kinds of inflammatory reaction-related genes plasminogen activator urokinase receptor (PLAUR), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin 1 receptor type 2 (IL1R2), ect, which were prometed in expression by MYC, were down-regulated at 0 hour after PH, but the inflammatory reaction-related genes natriuretic peptide A (NPPA), nuclear receptor subfamily O group B member 2 (NROB2) and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPARA), which were inhibited in expression by MYC, were up-regulated at 0 hour after PH. On the other hand, the three kinds of inflammatory reaction-related genes PLAUR, TNF, IL1R2, ect, which are prometed in expression by MYC, were up-regulated at 6 hours after PH, but the inflammatory reaction-related genes NPPA, NROB2 and PPARA, which were inhibited in expression by MYC, were down-regulated at 6 hours after PH. Conclusion The correlation in expression and role of the miRNA, which are inhibited by circRNAs, MYC, its mRNA is inhibited by miRNAs, and the inflammatory reaction-related genes, which are regulated by MYC, and are helpful for the hepatocyte to be in non-inflammatory reaction state at 0 hour after PH and to be in inflammatory reaction state at 6 hours after PH.

17.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 202-207, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015225

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role pathway and pattern of the sex determining region box transcription factor 2 (SOX2) and its mRNA interaction with microRNA(miRNAs, miR) and circular RNA(circRNA) at 0 hour and 2 hours in the rat liver regeneration. Methods The rat 2/3 hepatectomy (partial hepatectomy, PH) model was prepared as described by Higgins, the hepatocytes were isolated according to the method of Smedsrod et al, the expression changes of mRNA, miRNA and circRNA [together named as competing endogenous RNAs(ceRNA)] were detected by the large-scale quantitative detection technology, the interaction network of ceRNA was constructed by Cytoscape 3.2 software, and their correlation in expression and role were analyzed by ceRNA comprehensive analysis. Results It was found that at the 0 hour and 2 hours after PH, the ratio value of SOX2 mRNA shows 1.00±0.09 and 2.15±0.48, miR-3558-3p displays 4.53± 0.10 and 0.81±0.16, circRNA_18404 shows 1.24±0.04 and 11.10±0.57, circRNA_18045 displays 1.97±0.47 and 4.44± 0.23. At the same time, the eight kinds of cell dedifferentiation-related genes AT-rich interaction domain 5A (ARID5A), activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3), BTG anti-proliferation factor 2 (BTG2), etc, which are prometed in expression by SOX2, were down-regulated at 0 h after PH, but the cell differentiation-related genes interferon regulatory factor 6 (IRF6) and somatostatin (SST), which are inhibited in expression by SOX2, were up-regulated at 0 hour after PH. On the other hand, the eight kinds of cell dedifferentiation-related genes ARID5A, ATF3, BTG2, etc, which are promoted in expression by SOX2, were up-regulated at 2 hours after PH, but the cell differentiation-related gene SST, which is inhibited in expression by SOX2, was down-regulated, and IRF6 had no meaningful changes in expression at 2 hours after PH. Conclusion The correlation in expression and role of the miRNA, which are inhibited by circRNA, SOX2, its mRNA is inhibited by miRNA, and the cell stem-related genes, which are regulated by SOX2, are helpful for the hepatocyte to be in differentiation state at 0 hour after PH and to be in stem state at 2 hours after PH.

18.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 420-424, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015204

ABSTRACT

[ Abstract] Objective To explore the role pathway and pattern of the Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) and its mRNA interaction with microRNA (miRNAs) and circular RNA (circRNAs) at 0 hour and the 120 th hour in the rat liver regeneration. Methods The rat 2 / 3 hepatectomy (partial hepatectomy, PH) model was prepared as described by Higgins, the hepatocytes were isolated according to the method of Smedsrod et al, the expression changes of mRNA, miRNA and circRNA together named as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) were detected by the large-scale quantitative detection technology, the interaction network of ceRNA was constructed by Cytoscape 3. 2 software, and their correlation in expression and role were analyzed by ceRNA comprehensive analysis. Results It was found that at the 0 hour and the 120th hour PH, the ratio value of KLF4 mRNA showed 1. 00±0. 16 and 3. 14±0. 27, miR-881-3p displays 18. 30±1. 44 and 0. 47±0. 02, circRNA_20298 indicated 0. 32±0. 10 and 4. 24±0. 22, circRNA_14826 showed 0. 42±0. 13 and 0. 61±0. 08. At the same time, the four kinds of cell apoptosis-related genes adrenoceptor beta 2 (ADRB2), dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 2 (DDAH2), annexin A5 (ANXA5), ect, which were promoted in expression by KLF4, were down-regulated at 0 hour after PH, but the cell apoptosis-related genes synuclein gamma (SNCG), glutathione-disulfide reductase (GSR), FYVE, RhoGEF and PH domain containing 4 (FGD4), ect, which were inhibited in expression by KLF4, were up-regulated at 0 hour after PH. On the other hand, the cell apoptosis-related genes ANXA5 and thymosin beta 10 (TMSB10), which are promoted in expression by KLF4, were up-regulated at the 120th hour after PH, but the cell apoptosis-related genes chloride intracellular channel 4 (CLIC4) and ataxin 3 (ATXN3), ect, which were inhibited in expression by KLF4, were down-regulated at the 120th hour after PH. Conclusion The correlation in expression and role of the miRNAs, which are inhibited by circRNAs, KLF4, its mRNA is inhibited by miRNAs, and the cell apoptosis-related genes, which are regulated by KLF4, are helpful for the hepatocyte to be in active state 0 hour after PH and to be in apoptotic state 120-hour after PH.

19.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 41-419, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015194

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role pathway and pattern of the myeloma cancer gene (MYC) and its mRNA interaction with the microRNAs(miRNAs) and circular RNA(circRNAs) at hour 0, hour 6 and hour 72 in the rat liver regeneration. Methods The rat 2/3 hepatectomy (PH) model was prepared as described by Higgins, the hepatocytes were isolated according to the method of Smedsrod et al. The expression changes of mRNA, miRNA and circRNA [together named as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA)] were detected by the large-scale quantitative detection technology, the interaction network of ceRNA was constructed by Cytoscape 3.2 software, and their correlation in expression and role were analyzed by ceRNA comprehensive analysis. Results It was found that at hour 0 and hour 6 after PH, the ratio value of MYC mRNA showed 0.15±0.03 and 2.36±0.20, miR-134-5p indicated 3.22±0.61 and 0.08±0.02, circRNA_12112 displayed 0.68±0.21 and 13.35±3.53. At the same time, the cell cycle initiation-related genes ras association domain family member 1 (RASSF1), cyclin dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), which were promoted in expression by MYC, were down-regulated at hour 0 after PH, but the cell cycle initiation-related genes nestin (NES), RAD21 cohesin complex component (RAD21), CUE domain containing 2 (CUEDC2), which are inhibieted in expression by MYC, had no meaningful express changes at hour 0 after PH. On the other hand, the cell cycle initiation-related gene SOD2, which was promoted in expression by MYC, was up-regulated at hour 6 after PH, but the cell cycle initiation-related genes NES, RAD21, CUEDC2, which are inhibieted in expression by MYC, were down-regulated at hour 6 after PH. In contrary, at hour 72 after PH, the ratio value of MYC mRNA showed 2.36±0.20, miR-880-3p indicated 0.54±0.01, circRNA_09599 displayd 0.54±0.16. At the same time, the cell cycle termination-related gene hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), which is promoted in expression by MYC, was up-regulated 72 hours after PH, the cell cycle termination-related genes MET proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase (MET) and cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (CDKN1A), which are inhibieted in expression by MYC, were down-regulated 72 hours after PH. Conclusion The correlation in expression and role of the miRNAs, which are inhibited by circRNAs, MYC, its mRNA is inhibited by miRNAs, and the cell cycle initiation-related and cell cycle termination-related genes, which are regulated by MYC, are helpful for the hepatocyte to be in cell cycle initiation state at hour 6 after PH and to be in cell cycle termination state at hour 72 after PH.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 833-838, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013183

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics and gene variants of 2 pedigrees of non-muscle myosin heavy chain 9 related diseases (MYH9-RD) in children. Methods: The basic information, clinical features, gene variants and laboratory tests of MYH9-RD patients from 2 pedigrees confirmed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in November 2021 and July 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. "Non-muscle myosin heavy chain 9 related disease" "MYH9" and "children" were used as key words to search at Pubmed database, CNKI and Wanfang database up to February 2023. The MYH9-RD gene variant spectrum and clinical data were analyzed and summarized. Results: Proband 1 (male, 11 years old) sought medical attention due to epistaxis, the eldest sister and second sister of proband 1 only showed excessive menstrual bleeding, the skin and mucous membrane of the their mother were prone to ecchymosis after bumping, the uncle of proband 1 had kidney damage, and the maternal grandmother and maternal great-grandmother of proband 1 had a history of cataracts. There were 7 cases of phenotypic abnormalities in this pedigree. High-throughput sequencing showed that the proband 1 MYH9 gene had c.279C>G (p.N93K) missense variant, and family verification analysis showed that the variant was inherited from the mother. A total of 4 patients including proband 1 and family members were diagnosed with MYH9-RD. The proband 2 (female, 1 year old) sought medical attention duo to fever and cough, and the father's physical examination revealed thrombocytopenia. There were 2 cases of phenotypic abnormalities in this pedigree. High-throughput sequencing showed that there was a c.4270G>A (p.D1424N) missense variant in the proband 2 MYH9 gene, and family verification analysis showed that the variant was inherited from the father. A total of 2 patients including proband 2 and his father were diagnosed with MYH9-RD. A total of 99 articles were retrieved, including 32 domestic literatures and 67 foreign literatures. The MYH9-RD cases totaled 149 pedigrees and 197 sporadic patients, including 2 pedigrees in our study. There were 101 cases with complete clinical data, including 62 sporadic cases and 39 pedigrees. There were 56 males and 45 females, with an average age of 6.9 years old. The main clinical manifestations were thrombocytopenia, skin ecchymosis, and epistaxis. Most patients didn't receive special treatment after diagnosis. Six English literatures related to MYH9-RD caused by c.279C>G mutation in MYH9 gene were retrieved. Italy reported the highest number of cases (3 cases). Twelve literatures related to MYH9-RD caused by c.4270G>A mutation in MYH9 gene were retrieved. China reported the highest number of cases (9 cases). Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of patients in the MYH9-RD pedigrees varied greatly. MYH9 gene c.279C>G and c.4270G>A mutations are the cause of MYH9-RD.


Subject(s)
Infant , Humans , Female , Male , Child , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Ecchymosis , Epistaxis , Pedigree , Retrospective Studies , Muscular Diseases , Thrombocytopenia , Cytoskeletal Proteins
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