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1.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 66-71, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005113

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo retrospectively analyze the effect of modified Shugan Dingji Decoction (疏肝定悸汤) on the occurrence of endpoint events in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation of liver constraint and qi stagnation. MethodsA retrospective cohort study was conducted using the electronic medical record database of Longhua Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine to screen and include patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation of liver constraint and qi stagnation from January 1st, 2018, to December 31th, 2021. The included patients were divided into an exposure group and a non-exposure group, each consisting of 100 cases, based on whether they received modified Shugan Dingji Decoction. General information of the patients including age, gender, body mass index, duration of illness and comorbidities, medication history, cardiac structure and function indicators such as left atrial diameter, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, stroke volume and ejection fraction, and the occurrence of endpoint events assessed through 24-hour dynamic electrocardiography or electrocardiogram to determine the recurrence of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation were collected. Kaplan-Meier (K-M) curves and Log-Rank tests were used to conduct survival analysis on the occurrence of endpoint events in the two groups of patients. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to analyze the impact of various factors on entry into endpoint events. Additionally, a safety assessment was performed by comparing liver and kidney function indicators before and after treatment. ResultsIn the non-exposure group, a total of 49 cases (49.0%) experienced endpoint events, while in the exposure group, there were 26 cases (26.0%). The Log-rank test indicated significant difference between the two groups (χ2=11.211, P=0.001). Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that age, duration of illness, hypertension, diabetes, chronic heart failure, left atrial diameter, stroke volume, and the use of modified Shugan Dingji Decoction may be the influencing factors for the occurrence of endpoint events in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation of liver constraint and qi stagnation (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the risk of endpoint events in the exposure group was significantly lower than that in the non-exposure group (P<0.01). Patients with a duration of illness >12 months had a significantly higher risk of endpoint events compared to those with a duration of illness ≤12 months (P<0.01). Patients without concomitant hypertension had a lower risk of endpoint events compared to those with hypertension (P<0.05). Patients with left atrial diameter >40 mm had significantly higher risk of endpoint events than those with left atrial diameter ≤40 mm (P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in liver and kidney function indicators between the two groups before and after treatment (P>0.05). ConclusionThe use of modified Shugan Dingji Decoction is a protective factor for patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation of liver constraint and qi stagnation, which can help to reduce the recurrence and progression of atrial fibrillation. Long duration of illness, concomitant hypertension, and enlarged left atrial diameter are risk factors for patients to experience endpoint events.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 231-236, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961703

ABSTRACT

Under the national policy background of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)registration review and approval reform, TCM preparations in medical institutions(hereinafter referred to as medical institution preparations) have human use experience, conform to the characteristics of TCM clinical practice, and have advantages in the research and development of innovative Chinese medicines. Therefore, the research and development mode based on clinical experience prescription-medical institution preparations-innovative Chinese medicines has attracted widespread attention from the industry. However, in the process of development and use of medical institution preparations, there are generally clinical problems that restrict their transformation into innovative Chinese medicines, resulting in a relatively weak collection basis of human use experience and insufficient clinical evidence for supporting the research and development of new TCM medicines. In this paper, on the basis of sorting out the supporting regulations and relevant technical requirements of human use experience, and analyzing the clinical problems restricting the transformation of medical institution preparations, it provides suggestions for medical institutions to carry out high-quality research on human use experience of preparations in the process of TCM clinical practice from the aspects of continuously exploring clinical value, improving the construction of information system, focusing on the TCM clinical practice and giving full play to the advantages of discipline cooperation. By realizing the whole life cycle management of medical institution preparations based on three-combination evaluation evidence system, we can promote the transformation of medical institution preparations into innovative Chinese medicines.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 626-635, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976693

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is an established therapeutic target for various kinds of solid tumors. HER2 amplification occurs in approximately 1% to 6% of colorectal cancer. In this study, we aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of trastuzumab in combination with chemotherapy in HER2-positive metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). @*Materials and Methods@#An open-label, phase II trial (Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03185988) was designed to evaluate the antitumor activity of trastuzumab and chemotherapy in HER2-positive digestive cancers excluding gastric cancer in 2017. Patients from this trial with HER2-positive, KRAS/BRAF wild-type, unresectable mCRC were analyzed in this manuscript. Eligible patients were treated with trastuzumab (8 mg/kg loading dose and then 6 mg/kg every 3 weeks) and irinotecan (120 mg/m2 days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks). The primary endpoint was the objective response rate. @*Results@#Twenty-one HER2-positive mCRC patients were enrolled in this study. Seven patients (33.3%) achieved an objective res-ponse, and 11 patients (52.4%) had stable disease as their best response. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 4.3 months (95% confidence interval, 2.7 to 5.9). Four of the 21 patients (19.0%) had grade 3 adverse events, including leukopenia, neutropenia, urinary tract infection, and diarrhea. No treatment-related death was reported. Exploratory analyses revealed that high tumor tissue HER2 copy number was associated with better therapeutic response and PFS. Alterations in the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, HER2 gene, phosphoinositide 3-kinase/AKT pathway, and cell cycle control genes were potential drivers of trastuzumab resistance in mCRC. @*Conclusion@#Trastuzumab combined with chemotherapy is a potentially effective and well-tolerated therapeutic regimen in mCRC with a high HER2 copy number.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 152-157, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976550

ABSTRACT

High quality is the premise for the implementation of high quality and good price for decoction pieces, and grade is the most direct manifestation of high quality of decoction pieces. However, there is still a lack of scientific and reasonable methods for evaluating the grade of decoction pieces, and it is urgent to establish a widely recognized and unified standard for the grade of decoction pieces to ensure the quality of the decoction pieces and guarantee the safety and efficacy of clinical use. Based on this, this paper focused on analyzing the problems of the current grade evaluation methods, such as unclear distinction between quality standards and grade standards, unreasonable selection of grade evaluation indicators, and inaccurate application of mathematical statistical methods. Based on the analysis of the grade evaluation of decoction pieces, this paper proposed four criteria for establishing the grade evaluation method of decoction pieces, namely universality, comprehensiveness, reliability and convenience, in order to establish a more reasonable and unified grade standard for decoction pieces and promote the quality improvement of decoction pieces and the development of the industry.

5.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 384-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985936

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the quality of life and associated factors in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in China. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 25 provinces and cities in China was performed from June to September 2020. A questionnaire was used to collect the socio-demographic and clinical information of patients with CHD, while the European Five-dimensional Quality of Life Scale (EQ-5D) was used to assess the quality of life. Multiple linear regression model was performed to analyze the associated factors. Results: The median age of the 1 075 responders was 60 (52, 67) years, and 797 (74.1%) were men. The EQ-5D and EQ-VAS indices were 0.7 (0.5, 0.8) and 60.0 (40.0, 80.0). Among the five dimensions in the quality of life scale, the frequency of anxiety/depression was the highest (59.8%), while problems in self-care was the lowest (35.8%). In the multiple linear regression model, female, increasing age, obesity, comorbidity(ies), anxiety/depression, social media channels, and receiving the CABG therapy were associated with the lower EQ-5D index (all P<0.05). In addition, increasing age, obesity, comorbidity (ies), depression, anxiety and depression, social media channels, and receiving the CABG therapy were associated with lower EQ-VAS index (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Over half of the patients with CHD in China have a low quality of life, which is related to gender, age, obesity, treatment pathway, the presence or absence of comorbidity (ies), and psychological state. In addition to managing the adverse effects of traditional socio-demographic factors on the quality of life, clinical practices should pay attention to the psychological state of patients. Moreover, establishing a WeChat group for doctor-patient communication could improve the quality of life of CHD patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Quality of Life/psychology , Self Report , Cross-Sectional Studies , Coronary Disease , Surveys and Questionnaires , Obesity
6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 18-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the practical efficacy of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound(LIPUS)and its effects on hemodynamics in patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris.Methods:As a single-center randomized controlled study, 66 elderly patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris treated at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University between November 2021 and August 2022 were consecutively recruited.Participants were divided into an ultrasound group and a control group via the random number table method, with 33 in each group.Both groups were given conventional drug treatment, and the ultrasound group was supplemented with LIPUS treatment.After 20 sessions of treatment, the clinical efficacy, blood lipid levels, inflammatory factors and hemodynamics from noninvasive monitoring before and after treatment were compared.Results:There were no statistically significant differences in baseline data between the two groups( P>0.05). After treatment, marked effectiveness was seen in 12 cases(36.4%), effectiveness in 18 cases(54.5%), ineffectiveness in 2 cases(6.1%)and aggravation in 1 case(3%)in the ultrasound group, with a total effectiveness rate of 90.9 %.In the control group, marked effectiveness was seen 2 cases(6.1%), effectiveness in 19 cases(57.6%)and ineffectiveness in 9 cases(27.3%), with a total effectiveness rate of 63.6%.Statistically significant favorable results were achieved in the ultrasound treatment group, compared with the control group( P<0.05). Also, compared with the control group, patients in the ultrasound group showed lower total cholesterol[(2.31±1.03)mmol/L vs.(4.36±0.76)mmol/L, P<0.01], decreased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol[(1.24±0.70)mmol/L vs.(1.74±0.44)mmol/L, P<0.01], decreased triglycerides[(1.04±0.40)mmol/L vs.(1.28±0.49)mmol/L, P<0.05], decreased apolipoprotein B[(0.67±0.25)g/L vs.(0.90±0.14)g/L, P<0.01], decreased interleukin-6[(2.87±2.52)ng/L vs.(4.66±3.30)ng/L, P<0.05], and decreased high-sensitivity C-reactive protein[(1.04±1.41)mg/L vs.(3.80±5.78)mg/L, P<0.05]. Concerning hemodynamics, there was an increase in cardiac output[(4.92±1.05)L/min vs.(4.39±0.97)L/min, P<0.05], stroke volume[(75.85±17.50)ml/beat vs.(66.97±15.57)ml/beat, P<0.05], cardiac index[(37.50±7.14)ml·beat -1·m -2vs.(43.29±7.96)ml·beat -1·m -2, P<0.01], and stroke volume index[(3.05±0.45)L/min 2vs.(2.51±0.43)L/min 2, P<0.01], but a decrease in systemic vascular resistance[(1 358.29±325.23)dyne·s -1·cm -5vs.(1 617.94±526.27)dyne·s -1·cm -5, P<0.05], total vascular resistance[(4.07±24.30)% vs.(21.32±31.94)%, P<0.05], and average heart rate[(63.43±7.42)beats/min vs.(69.11±10.89)beats/min, P<0.05]. Conclusions:LIPUS treatment can improve symptoms, blood lipid profiles, inflammatory factors and hemodynamics in patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris.It is a safe and effective adjuvant therapy for elderly patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 554-560, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990881

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of measurement and characteristics of intraocular lens (IOL) tilt using the swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) biometer (IOLMaster 700) and to explore its potentially relevant parameters.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted.Two hundred and forty-two eyes (119 right eyes, 123 left eyes) of 185 patients after phacoemulsification and IOL implantation were included in Beijing Tongren Hospital from July to September 2018.The IOL position, angle κ, angle α, corneal curvature, anterior chamber depth (ACD), pupil diameter (PD), and axial length (AL) were obtained by IOLMaster 700, and the IOL tilt direction and magnitude were calculated.The within-subject standard deviation and intraclass correlation coefficient were used to evaluate the repeatability of three IOL tilt measurements.Binocular symmetry of IOL tilt and the correlation between IOL tilt and different influencing factors were evaluated by Pearson linear correlation analysis or Spearman rank correlation analysis.Influencing factors for IOL tilt were assessed by multiple linear regression analysis.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University (No.TRECKY2018-049). Patients were informed of the purpose and methods of this study and signed the written informed consent.Results:The repeatability of IOL tilt measurements was excellent with a within-subject standard deviation of 5.16° for IOL tilt direction and 0.13° for IOL tilt magnitude.IOL tilt was mirror symmetric in both eyes.The IOL tilt direction in right eyes ranged from -89.60° to 87.53° with a mean of (18.85±29.65)°, and the tilt magnitude ranged from 1.32° to 7.05° with a mean of (4.16±1.26)°.The IOL tilt direction in left eyes ranged from -84.30° to 89.44° with a mean of (21.17±32.38)°, and the tilt magnitude ranged from 0.58° to 7.40° with a mean of (3.80±1.31)°.There were moderate and weak positive correlations of IOL tilt direction and tilt magnitude between both eyes ( r=0.473, P<0.001; r=0.335, P=0.011). IOL tilt magnitude was weakly positively correlated with angle α and IOL diopter ( rs=0.272, P=0.003; r=0.285, P=0.002), and was weakly negatively correlated with ACD, PD and AL ( r=-0.303, P=0.001; r=-0.233, P=0.011; rs=-0.331, P<0.001). In backward stepwise regression analysis, the regression equation of IOL tilt magnitude, angle α, ACD, PD, AL and IOL diopter in multiple linear regression analysis was as follows: IOL tilt magnitude=10.503+ 1.456×angle α-0.532×ACD-0.196×AL ( R2=0.400; F=8.588, P<0.001). Conclusions:The SS-OCT biometer can be an effective method to assess IOL tilt.IOL tilt is mirror symmetric between the right eyes and left eyes.

8.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 1045-1053, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002737

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To verify effects of rs1061622 at tumor necrosis factor-α receptor II (TNF-RII) gene (TNF-RII) on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its interactive effects with PTSD on serum lipids levels in adolescents. @*Methods@#PTSD was measured by PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) in 699 adolescent survivors at 6 months after Wenchuan earthquake in China. A polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism assay were utilized for TNF-RII rs1061622 genotyping followed by verification using DNA sequencing. Serum triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were tested using routine methods. @*Results@#G (deoxyguanine) allele carriers had higher PCL-C scores than TT (deoxythymidine) homozygotes in female subjects. Female adolescents had higher PCL-C scores than male subjects in TT homozygotes. Predictors of PTSD prevalence and severity were different between G allele carriers and TT homozygotes. Subjects with PTSD had lower TG, TG/HDL-C, TC/HDL-C, and higher HDL-C than adolescents without PTSD in male G allele carriers. G allele carriers had higher TG/HDL-C and TC/HDL-C than TT homozygotes in male adolescents without PTSD, and lower TG and TG/HDL-C in male PTSD patients. G allele carriers had higher TG than TT homozygotes only in female adolescents without PTSD. @*Conclusion@#These results suggest reciprocal actions of TNF-RII rs1061622 with other factors on PTSD severity, interplays of TNF-RII rs1061622 with PTSD on serum lipid levels, and novel treatment strategies for PTSD and comorbidities of PTSD with hyperlipidemia among adolescents with different genetic backgrounds of TNF-RII rs1061622 after experiencing traumatic events.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 362-366, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the progress and promotion effect of the national multidisciplinary team(MDT) pilot project of digestive system tumor diagnosis and treatment, for the reference in promoting the popularition of tumor MDT model.Methods:The data of MDT project evaluation forms of 231 digestive system tumor MDT pilot hospitals in 2018(July 2017 to June 2018), 2019(July 2018 to June 2019)and 2020(July 2018 to June 2019)were obtained. The MDT of digestive system tumors, the development of outpatient and inpatient MDT, the distribution of cases, and the management, charging and regional radiation of MDT in the pilot hospital were analyzed. Descriptive analysis and frequency analysis were used for all the data.Results:With pilot hospitals of missing data excluded, the number of pilot hospitals included in the analysis from 2018 to 2020 was 227, 224 and 224, respectively.The number of pilot hospitals carrying out digestive system tumor MDT increased from 174 in 2018 to 222 in 2020, the number of outpatient and inpatient MDT cases increased from 48 332 and 61 823 to 72 493 and 106 899 respectively, and the proportion of pilot hospitals implementing the MDT management system increased from 159 to 214. In 2020, the average expenses of outpatient and inpatient MDT were mainly 200-500 yuan, and 135(60.3%) pilot hospitals became the leading MDT hospitals in the region.Conclusions:The MDT pilot project of digestive system tumors in China has achieved remarkable results.For example, the number of pilot hospitals carrying out MDT keeps increasing year by year, and the pilot hospitals have played a leading role in the region. In order to accelerate the coverage of the tumor MDT model, the authors suggested that the hospitals should optimize MDT in terms of patient accessibility, optimize management mode, promote the medical insurance reimbursement, and strengthen regional influence.

10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 560-566, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939775

ABSTRACT

Aberrant regulation of DNA methylation plays a crucial causative role in haematological malignancies (HMs). Targeted therapy, aiming for DNA methylation, is an effective mainstay of modern medicine; however, many issues remain to be addressed. The progress of epigenetic studies and the proposed theory of "state-target medicine" have provided conditions to form a new treatment paradigm that combines the "body state adjustment" of CM with targeted therapy. We discussed the correlation between Chinese medicine (CM) syndromes/states and DNA methylation in this paper. Additionally, the latest research findings on the intervention and regulation of DNA methylation in HMs, including the core targets, therapy status, CM compounds and active components of the Chinese materia medica were concisely summarized to establish a theoretical foundation of "state-target synchronous conditioning" pattern of integrative medicine for HMs, simultaneously leading a new perspective in clinical diagnosis and therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA Methylation/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1381-1385, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957390

ABSTRACT

Vascular senescence is one of the important causes of cardiovascular diseases.Functional evaluation of vascular endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells is an important means to identify vascular senescence.A convenient and effective vascular senescence assessment method applicable to clinical practice can identify high-risk populations early and is of great significance to the prevention, treatment and prognosis evaluation of related diseases.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 626-630, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957269

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases have become a major cause of disability and death among the elderly in China.The continuous improvement of medical care has provided effective treatment for elderly patients with cardiovascular diseases in the acute phase, while how to improve the quality of life and prognosis of patients in the chronic phase has become a medical imperative to be solved.Cardiac rehabilitation, with exercise rehabilitation at its core, is expected to improve cardiopulmonary function, enhance exercise tolerance, alleviate anxiety and depression, and reduce mortality and rehospitalization rates, and has therefore become an effective intervention for cardiovascular diseases in the elderly.In the light of special concerns for the elderly population, such as cognitive impairment, frailty, sarcopenia and polypharmacy, this article systematically introduces the characteristics, obstacles and clinical strategies of cardiac rehabilitation for geriatric cardiovascular diseases, in an effort to provide a clinical reference guide for geriatric cardiac rehabilitation.

13.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 34-37, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004980

ABSTRACT

Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm (GEP-NEN) is a rare heterogeneous tumor. The heterogeneity in pathology, differentiation, grade and clinical stages results in different prognosis and treatment strategy. Patients with recurrent or metastatic NEN have limited treatment options and poor prognosis.Programmed cell death 1(PD-1) blockade has played indispensable roles in management of cancers recently.Immunotherapy is being explored in NENs in the world with emerging clinical trials. The results of the trials provide evidence and guidance in the application of NEC.The article analizes and summarizes of the findings of major investigations in this field.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 307-310, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935692

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to summarize the clinical and imaging characteristics of post-primary tuberculosis in children, so as to improve the early identification and diagnosis of post-primary tuberculosis. Methods: This was a retrospective study which enrolled children who were admitted to the Department No.2 of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University between January 2015 to December 2020 and with a diagnosis of post-primary tuberculosis. Results: A total of 30 patients were enrolled, including 10 males and 20 females. The age on admission were 13.0 (12.0, 13.3) years. Their common symptoms were cough and fever, there were 26 cases (87%) with cough and 23 cases (77%) with fever, but only 4 cases (13%) had other toxic symptoms (night sweat, weakness or weight loss) of tuberculosis other than fever. Blood examination showed that the white blood cell count was (10±3)×109/L, accompanied by elevated proportion of neutrophils (0.69±0.11) and increased level of C-reactive protein (31 (15,81) mg/L). The common radiographic findings of CT were nodular or mass shadow with cavitation (19 cases (63%)), consolidation (13 cases (43%)), bronchogenic spread (12 cases (40%)), hilar or mediastinal lymphadenopathy (5 cases (17%)) in this cohort. The affected locations included the right upper lobe (21 cases (70%)), the left lower lobe (17 cases (57%)) and the right lower lobe (15 cases (50%)). Acid-fast bacillus smears and mycobacterial cultures were attempted for all cases, resulting in 33% (10/30) with smear positivity and 50% (15/30) with culture positivity. Conclusions: Post-primary tuberculosis in children has no specific clinical manifestations. Imaging of chest CT is mainly manifested as nodular shadow with cavitation, consolidation or bronchogenic spread. Accurate identification of post-primary tuberculosis is crucial for preventing the spread and early treatment of tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Cough/etiology , Lung , Lung Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Tuberculosis/diagnosis
15.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 191-196, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the ultrasonographic features of adenoma of the nonpigmented ciliary epithelium (ANPCE).Methods:A retrospective series of case studies. From January 2014 to October 2021, 31 patients (31 eyes) with ANPCE (ANPCE group) were diagnosed in the eye center of Beijing Tongren Eye Center of Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, and 17 patients (17 eyes) with ciliary body melanoma (control group) diagnosed at the same time were selected as the control group. There was no significant difference in age ( t=-0.564) and sex composition ratio ( χ 2=0.182) between the two groups ( P=0.576, 0.670). All patients underwent ultrasound biomicroscopy to obtain the measurement parameters: tumor height, maximum basal diameter, maximum diameter, ratio of maximum diameter to basal diameter and ratio of maximum diameter to height; tumor location, shape, internal echogenicity intensity, echogenicity uniformity, degree of sound attenuation, invasion of iris, anterior displacement of the iris, lens subluxation were observed. The measurement parameters and observation indexes of the two groups were compared by independent sample t-test and χ 2 test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn, area under the ROC curve (AUC) was determined, and parameter indicators with differential diagnosis value were screened. Results:The maximum diameter, height, maximum basal diameter, ratio of the maximum diameter to the maximum basal diameter, and the ratio of the maximum diameter to the height of the tumors in the ANPCE group and the control group were 5.64±0.98 mm, 4.24±0.59 mm, 3.66±0.71 mm, 1.58±0.34, 1.34±0.19 and 7.82±2.03 mm, 4.47±2.44 mm, 7.02±1.96 mm, 1.13±0.16, 2.09±1.06. The maximum diameter, the maximum basal diameter, and the ratio of the maximum diameter to the height of the tumor in the ANPCE group were all smaller than those of the control group, and the ratio of the maximum diameter to the maximum basal diameter was greater than that of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-4.159,-6.808, -2.924, 6.257; P<0.05). The tumors in the ANPCE group were mainly spherical (87.1%, 27/31), with no significant acoustic attenuation (77.4%, 24/31), less invading the root iris (77.4%, 24/31), and the tumors were mostly located in the ciliary body coronal (74.2%, 23/31); tumors in the control group were mainly hemispherical (47.1%, 8/17) or spherical (47.1%, 8/17), with significant sound attenuation (76.5%, 13/17), most of the tumors invaded the iris (70.6%, 12/17), and the tumors were mostly located from the pars plana to the coronal (76.5%, 13/17). There were statistically significant differences in the position, shape, sound attenuation degree, and whether it invaded the iris between the two groups of eyes ( χ 2=15.132, 19.767, 13.118, 10.581; P<0.05). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that the ratio of the largest diameter to the largest base diameter, the degree of sound attenuation and the AUC of whether the iris was violated were higher, which were 0.881, 0.769, and 0.740, respectively. Conclusions:Ultrasound biomicroscopy is helpful in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of ANPCE and ciliary body melanoma. The ratio of maximum diameter to maximum basal diameter, the degree of sound attenuation and whether it invades the root iris are important parameters to distinguish the two tumors.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1871-1880, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928183

ABSTRACT

In this study, low-field nuclear magnetic resonance(LF-NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) were employed to analyze the water distribution, status, and migration in the moistening process of Arecae Semen. Peleg model was adopted to study the water absorption kinetics of Arecae Semen moistened at different water temperatures(10, 30, and 50 ℃). The Arecae Semen samples soaked at different water temperatures all contained four water states: binding water T_(21), non-flowing water T_(22), free water T_(23), and unbound water T_(24). Non-flowing water had the largest increase in peak area during the moistening process, followed by free water. The peak areas of non-flowing water, free water, and total water were correlated with the water content(P<0.01). Therefore, LF-NMR can quickly and non-destructively predict the water content of Arecae Semen during moistening. The peak area of non-flowing water and the content of free water were correlated with the content of arecoline in the soaking solution(P<0.01), which indicated that the faster flow of non-flowing water and more free water corresponded to more arecoline dissolved. The MRI images showed that the water migration pathway varied at different soaking temperatures, and the moistening degree obtained by this means was consistent with that obtained based on traditional experience. The rate constant K_1 fitted by Peleg model decreased with the increase in water temperature, while the capacity constant K_2 showed an opposite trend. The Arrhenius equation fitting of K_1 with temperature showed that the activation energy of Arecae Semen in the moistening process was 32.98 kJ·mol~(-1). LF-NMR/MRI can be used to analyze the water status and content and determine the end moisturing point of Arecae Semen. Peleg model can accurately describe the water absorption properties of Arecae Semen in the moistening process. The findings of this study can guide the moistening optimization and mechanism research of other seed Chinese medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Areca , Arecoline/analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Kinetics , Seeds/chemistry , Water/analysis
17.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 754-759, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911701

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a comprehensive ability evaluation system for general practice management post in community health service institutions.Methods:Based on the previous studies and literature search on competency of general practitioners in various clinical posts, the first draft of the comprehensive ability indicator system for general management posts was designed. From November 2019 to January 2020, the comprehensive ability indicator system, classification and scoring method and evaluation method for general management posts were determined through three rounds of Delphi consultation.Results:Seventeen experts with administrative management experiences were invited for consultation, including 3 directors in charge and 14 general practice managers. The response rate of valid questionnaires in the three rounds of consultation were all 17/17, the authority of experts were all>0.7, and the coordination coefficients of expert opinions were 0.142, 0.212, and 0.532 (all P<0.01). The 11 evaluation indexes of the comprehensive ability of community general management posts were: achievement orientation, initiative, interpersonal understanding, service consciousness, influence, organization, training others, teamwork, team leadership, professional skills and confidence. Methods suitable for evaluation the ability of psychological test indicators were achievement orientation, interpersonal understanding, service consciousness and self-confident;appropriate indicators for no-leader group discussion were initiation, influence, team work, team leadership;appropriate indicators for in-tray test ability were organized cognition, professional skills;and the appropriate indicator for the ability of the structured interview was training others. Conclusions:The comprehensive ability evaluation system for community general management posts established in this study is scientific and practical, which may provide objective standard basis for the ability evaluation of community health management talents.

18.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 896-900, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910137

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the ultrasonic features, contrast-enhanced ultrasound findings and long-term follow-up results of melanocytoma of the optic disc(MCOD).Methods:The data of 35 patients (35 eyes, 35 lesions) diagnosed with MCOD in Beijing Tongren Ophthalmic Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital from September 2012 to October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The B-mode ultrasonography and color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) were performed on them. The size, morphology, internal echo and secondary changes of the lesions were analyzed. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound was performed on 13 patients. At the same time, 9 patients were followed up for long-term observation.Results:Six lesions (17.1%) showed hemispherical high echo, and 29 lesions (82.9%) showed limited uplift high echo. The largest base diameter of the lesions was (4.0±0.8)mm, average height was(1.9±0.4)mm. Internal echo characteristics: 8 lesions (22.9%) showed uniform echo and 27 lesions (77.1%) showed uneven echo.Lesion boundary: 35 lesions (100%) showed clear lesion boundary. Fifheen lesions (42.9%) showed secondary vitreous opacity. CDFI: blood flow signals could be detected inside the lesions in 19 lesions(54.3%), and not in 16 lesions(45.7%). Contrast-enhanced ultrasound showed 11 of the 13 lesions (84.6%) were completely filled with contrast agent.Conclusions:MCOD has certain ultrasonographic characteristics, which can provide a reliable basis for clinical diagnosis and differential diagnosis. There is no significant change in tumor size after long-term follow-up.

19.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 563-568, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910092

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the perfusion characteristics of choroidal metastasis using contrast-enhanced ultrasound, and compare with choroidal hemangioma.Methods:This was a retrospective study.From January 2016 to February 2018 in Beijing Tongren Hospital, a total of 21 eyes from 21 patients who were clinically diagnosed as choroidal metastasis were included as the choroidal metastasis group and 46 eyes from 46 patients who were diagnosed as choroidal hemangioma during the same period were included as the choroidal hemangioma group. All patients underwent contrast-enhanced ultrasound examination, and Sonoliver was used to obtain the data on quantitative parameters of the tumor and the adjacent normal orbital tissues, including maximum of intensity (IMAX), rise time (RT), time to peak (TTP), and mean transit time (mTT). The quantitative parameters between choroidal metastasis and normal orbital tissues were compared. And the quantitative parameters between choroidal metastasis and choroidal hemangioma were compared. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance.Results:The IMAX of choroidal metastasis was significantly higher than that of normal orbital tissues, while RT, TTP and mTT were significantly shorter than these of normal orbital tissues (all P<0.01). The IMAX of choroidal metastasis was lower than that of choroidal hemangioma, and RT, TTP and mTT were shorter than choroidal hemangioma (all P<0.01). The ROC curve analysis showed that area under curves of the IMAX, RT, TTP and mTT were 0.775 (95% CI=0.666-0.884), 0.970 (95% CI=0.896-0.996), 0.729 (95% CI=0.607-0.831) and 0.992 (95% CI=0.931-1.000) respectively. The sensitivities were 71.7%, 95.7%, 76.1% and 95.7%, and the specificities were 85.7%, 90.5%, 66.7% and 95.2%, respectively. Conclusions:Contrast-enhanced ultrasound can reflect the differences in perfusion characteristics between choroidal metastasis and choroidal hemangioma. RT and mTT are useful parameters in differential diagnosis between the two types of tumors.

20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 861-866, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942983

ABSTRACT

Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) is a rare and heterogeneous tumor. Different pathologic morphology, differentiation, grade and clinical stages of the tumors had various treatment and prognosis. Patients with recurrent or metastatic NEN have limited treatment options and poor prognosis. In recent years, PD-1 pathway blockade has become integral components of disease management for many cancers. Immunotherapy is being explored in NEN. Studies have shown that the efficacy of immune monotherapy in NEN is limited, and it can be considered for selected patients. Biomarkers for predicting efficacy of immunotherapy include PD-L1 expression, TMB-H, MSI-H/dMMR, etc. Combined regimens of anti-CTLA-4 and anti-PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors, and immune checkpoint inhibitor combined with anti-angiogenic drugs or chemotherapy are promising in patients with NEN, and it is worthwhile to further explore of the responding populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen , Biomarkers, Tumor , Immunotherapy , Microsatellite Instability , Neoplasms , Neuroendocrine Tumors/therapy
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