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1.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1135-1138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010180

ABSTRACT

Pseudoaneurysms of the neck are seldom, and those caused by neck infections especially parapharyngeal abscess are even rarer. However, it is life-threatening and may bring sudden death due to the obstruction of airway and the pseudoaneurysms rupture. We analyzed the clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of the disease through a case summary and literature review in order to guide clinical diagnosis and treatment of pseudoaneurysms. The patient, whom we presented was an 87-year-old male and admitted in emergency of our hospital with the chief complaint of neck swelling for 7 days and shortness of breath for 2 days. Cervical ultrasound examination showed that there was an liquid dark area next to the left common carotid artery which was approximately 8.0 cm × 5.0 cm, consideration of formation of left carotid artery pseudoaneurysm, and the liquid dark area which was visible on the right considered of pseudoaneurysm or infection. Angiography of neck showed a clustered high-density shadow around the bifurcation of the left carotid artery, with an overall range of approximately 65 mm × 52 mm × 72 mm, the pseudoaneurysms for sure, while on the right side of the lesion, mixed low density shadows with air could be seen, the parapharyngeal abscess for sure.Then he was diagnosed as the pseudoaneurysm of left internal carotid artery which was caused by parapharyngeal abscess. After tracheal intubation and anti-infection treatment, the patient died due to hemorrhagic shock of the ruptured of the pseudoaneurysm. Morever we performed literature search on PubMed, Wanfang database and CNKI with keywords of "neck pseudoaneurysm, neck infection, parapharyngeal abscess" and enrolled 10 cases. Then we summarized the clinical characteristics and treatment. We analyzed and summarized the 10 case reports, in which the number of male was 7. Among them, there were 4 pediatric, and 6 adults were enrolled overall. Most of the symptoms were neck swelling, and the diseased blood vessel was mainly the right internal carotid artery which accounted for half overall. All the patients underwent surgical intervention, and recovered well. So we draw the conclusion that the clinical incidence of cervical pseudoaneurysms is low and can be caused by a variety of factors, especially caused by infectious factors. When a patient has a progressive pulsating mass in the neck, the preliminary diagnosis should be made by ultrasound as soon as possible, and the aortic enhancement CT should be used to further confirm.For a patient with cervical pseudo-aneurysms caused by parapharyngeal infections, he should take operation timely combined with antibiotic treatment in time.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Abscess/diagnosis , Aneurysm, False/diagnosis , Carotid Artery, Common/surgery , Carotid Artery, Internal/surgery , Neck , Parapharyngeal Space
2.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1023-1035, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015622

ABSTRACT

Myocardial infarction(MI), an acute coronary syndrome that poses a serious risk to human health, involves multiple pathophysiological processes, including calcium overload. Existing therapeutic approaches and preventive measures have limitations and cannot effectively repair myocardial cells with poor regenerative potential. Exploring multiple programmed modes of cardiomyocyte death could help find potential targets for the treatment of myocardial infarction, and the potential role of ferroptosis as a novel mode of cell death in myocardial infarction has attracted great attention. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Ca

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2464-2470, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981322

ABSTRACT

This paper explored the chemical constituents of Boswellia carterii by column chromatography on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS column chromatography, and semi-preparative HPLC. The structures of the compounds were identified by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data such as infrared radiation(IR), ultra violet(UV), mass spectrometry(MS), and nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR). Seven diterpenoids were isolated and purified from n-hexane of B. carterii. The isolates were identified as(1S,3E,7E,11R,12R)-11-hydroxy-1-isopropyl-4,8,12-trimethyl-15-oxabicyclo[10.2.1]pentadeca-3,7-dien-5-one(1),(1R,3S,4R,7E,11E)-4,8,12,15,15-pentamethyl-14-oxabicyclo[11.2.1]hexadeca-7,11-dien-4-ol(2), incensole(3),(-)-(R)-nephthenol(4), euphraticanoid F(5), dilospirane B(6), and dictyotin C(7). Among them, compounds 1 and 2 were new and their absolute configurations were determined by comparison of the calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroisms(ECDs). Compounds 6 and 7 were obtained from B. carterii for the first time.


Subject(s)
Molecular Structure , Boswellia/chemistry , Diterpenes/chemistry , Mass Spectrometry
4.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 356-361, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953577

ABSTRACT

Traditional Mongolian medicine (TMM) is an important part of Chinese traditional culture, which plays an important role within the medical system of China. The processing of Mongolian medicinal materials is a pharmaceutical technology, which is the unique characteristics of Mongolian medicine. In this paper, the basic concepts related to the processing of Mongolian medicinal materials were introduced, and its scientific research points were put forward, in order to deeply excavate the connotation of Mongolian pharmacy and further study the processing mechanism of Mongolian medicinal materials, so as to provide important basis for the development of Chinese traditional medicine. The essence of Mongolian medicinal materials processing is to use drugs safely and dialectically to ensure the quality of Mongolian medicinal materials. The scientific research sites of Mongolian medicinal materials processing have two categories: reducing toxicity (increasing) effect and synergistic effect of excipients and processing factors. Because of the not perfect research platform of Mongolian medicinal materials and the weak processing power, the development of research of Mongolian medicinal materials is relatively slow. Therefore, there are many research breakthroughs in the interdisciplinary research on the processing of Mongolian medicinal materials, and it is expected to become a research hotspot.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 751-754, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934720

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the progression of depressive and anxiety symptoms of children, especially whose parents were frontline workers in the combat of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and to provide evidence for children s mental health promotion.@*Methods@#In June and December 2020, two surveys were conducted among the children in a primary school in Qiaokou District, Wuhan. The questionnaire included demographic information, student learning conditions, and depressive/anxiety symptoms.@*Results@#A total of 963 children completed both surveys. The detection rate of depressive and anxiety symptoms at follow up was significantly higher than that at the baseline survey (depressive symptoms: OR=1.45, 95%CI =1.16-1.83; anxiety symptoms: OR=1.79, 95%CI =1.41-2.28, P <0.01). There was no statistically significant change in depressive/anxiety symptoms among children whose parents were frontline workers compared with those whose parents were not( P >0.05). Girls, lower learning efficiency, and less interaction with teachers in class were risk factors for depressive or anxiety symptoms of children( P < 0.05 ).@*Conclusion@#Mental health status of children requires continuous attention. Moreover, timely psychological protection should be given to prevent the occurrence of psychological problems and the further deterioration of psychological problems.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 250-257, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940197

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial autophagy is a process to clear dysfunctional mitochondria in the cytoplasm to maintain the integrity of mitochondrial function and cell homeostasis. Mitochondrial autophagy is a complex physiological process, which can maintain the balance of mitochondrial quality and quantity, cell survival under starvation and harsh conditions, and the stability of the intracellular environment. Its molecular mechanism involves a variety of proteins. Many factors can induce mitochondrial autophagy, such as starvation, oxidative stress, hypoxia, depolarization, and other stresses. The accumulation of unfolded proteins can also induce mitochondrial autophagy. In recent years, as a research hotspot, the abnormality of mitochondrial morphology and function is closely related to the occurrence of a variety of diseases. The research on mitochondrial autophagy and the pathogenesis of clinical diseases has attracted more attention, such as tumors, cardiovascular diseases, liver diseases, nervous system diseases, and glucose metabolism disorders. It has been found that regulating mitochondrial autophagy may inspire the treatment of some diseases. Meanwhile, clinical researchers have paid more attention to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). As revealed by in-depth research, Chinese medicine has a certain value in regulating mitochondrial autophagy. The research on the pathogenesis of mitochondrial autophagy in related diseases and the intervention of Chinese medicine has found that there are many reports on the regulation of mitochondrial autophagy by Chinese medicine in tumors, cardiovascular diseases, and nervous system diseases. However, the mechanism of mitochondrial autophagy, the balance of mitochondrial autophagy, and the difference in the activation or inhibition of mitochondrial autophagy by Chinese medicine remain unclear. The regulation of mitochondrial autophagy has become a new research target strategy of Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of diseases. This paper reviewed the available literature in recent years to provide reference materials for the regulation of mitochondrial autophagy by Chinese medicine and ideas for the follow-up research of Chinese medicine in mitochondrial autophagy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 250-257, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940165

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial autophagy is a process to clear dysfunctional mitochondria in the cytoplasm to maintain the integrity of mitochondrial function and cell homeostasis. Mitochondrial autophagy is a complex physiological process, which can maintain the balance of mitochondrial quality and quantity, cell survival under starvation and harsh conditions, and the stability of the intracellular environment. Its molecular mechanism involves a variety of proteins. Many factors can induce mitochondrial autophagy, such as starvation, oxidative stress, hypoxia, depolarization, and other stresses. The accumulation of unfolded proteins can also induce mitochondrial autophagy. In recent years, as a research hotspot, the abnormality of mitochondrial morphology and function is closely related to the occurrence of a variety of diseases. The research on mitochondrial autophagy and the pathogenesis of clinical diseases has attracted more attention, such as tumors, cardiovascular diseases, liver diseases, nervous system diseases, and glucose metabolism disorders. It has been found that regulating mitochondrial autophagy may inspire the treatment of some diseases. Meanwhile, clinical researchers have paid more attention to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). As revealed by in-depth research, Chinese medicine has a certain value in regulating mitochondrial autophagy. The research on the pathogenesis of mitochondrial autophagy in related diseases and the intervention of Chinese medicine has found that there are many reports on the regulation of mitochondrial autophagy by Chinese medicine in tumors, cardiovascular diseases, and nervous system diseases. However, the mechanism of mitochondrial autophagy, the balance of mitochondrial autophagy, and the difference in the activation or inhibition of mitochondrial autophagy by Chinese medicine remain unclear. The regulation of mitochondrial autophagy has become a new research target strategy of Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of diseases. This paper reviewed the available literature in recent years to provide reference materials for the regulation of mitochondrial autophagy by Chinese medicine and ideas for the follow-up research of Chinese medicine in mitochondrial autophagy.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 377-380, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of cluster acupuncture at scalp points in treating limb spasm after stroke on the basis of conventional exercise therapy.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with limb spasm after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (36 cases, 5 cases dropped off) and a control group (36 cases, 6 cases dropped off). The control group was treated with exercise therapy. In the observation group, on the basis of the control group, penetrating technique of acupuncture was exerted at Qianding (GV 21) to Baihui (GV 20), Xinhui (GV 22) to Qianding (GV 21), etc. once a day, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the changes of the modified Ashworth scale (MAS), simplified Fugl-Meyer motor assessment (FMA), and modified Barthel index (MBI) scores of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the MAS scores of upper and lower limbs in the two groups were lower than before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of FMA and BMI in the two groups were higher than before treatment (P<0.05), and the score of MBI in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional exercise therapy, cluster acupuncture at scalp points can reduce the spasm, improve motor function and activities of daily living in patients with limb spasm after stroke.


Subject(s)
Humans , Activities of Daily Living , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Exercise Therapy , Lower Extremity , Scalp , Spasm , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 679-684, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929715

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Children were vulnerable groups in major public health emergencies. In 2020, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic was widespread in the world. The mental health of school age children has become a worldwide concern. Herein, we conducted this review to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on the mental health of general children and special children with a high risk of psychological problems, focusing on the prevalence of anxiety, depression, and post traumatic stress disorder among school age children in different countries and regions during the COVID-19 epidemic. Considering the susceptibility between individuals and the accessibility of social resources, we further explored the child, family, and social related factors affecting the mental health of school age children. Finally, some suggestions on the construction of children s mental health service system in major public health emergencies were put forward at the national, school family community, and individual levels. Building a safe and reliable child mental health protection network required the joint efforts of all sectors of society.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 300-304, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the metabolic characteristics of anti-human T-cell porcine immunoglobulin (p-ATG) in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) . Methods: For patients with SAA treated with p-ATG combined cyclosporine A (CsA) immunosuppressants between February 2017 and December 2017, the p-ATG dose was 20 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) over 12 h of intravenous administration for 5 consecutive days. The blood concentration of p-ATG was detected by the three-antibody sandwich ELISA method, the pharmacokinetic analysis software was fitted, and the second-chamber model method was used to calculate the pharmacokinetic parameters and plot the pharmacokinetic curve. Adverse events were recorded and the hematologic reactions were determined at 6 months after treatment. Results: Sixteen patients with SAA treated with p-ATG were enrolled, including 8 females and 8 males, with a median age of 22 years (range, 12 to 49 years) and a median weight of 62.5 kg (range, 37.5 to 82.0 kg) . The pharmacokinetics of p-ATG could be evaluated in 14 cases. p-ATG is distributed in vivo as a two-chamber model, with an average drug concentration peak (T(max)) of (5.786±2.486) days, a peak concentration (C(max)) of (616±452) mg/L, and a half-life of (10.479±8.242) days. The area under the drug time curve (AUC) was (5.807±3.236) mg/L·d. Six months after treatment, 8 of 14 patients received a hematologic response; the AUC (0-t) of the effective group and ineffective groups was (7.50±3.26) mg/L·d vs (4.50±2.18) mg/L·d, and the C(max) was (627±476) mg/L vs (584±382) mg/L, respectively. Conclusion: The plasma concentration of p-ATG reached a peak after 5 days of continuous infusion, and then decreased slowly, with a half-life of 10.479 days, and the residual drug concentration was detected in the body 60 days after administration. A relationship between drug metabolism and efficacy and adverse reactions could not be determined.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , Antilymphocyte Serum/therapeutic use , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Immunosuppression Therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Swine , T-Lymphocytes , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 115-119, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929542

ABSTRACT

Objective: To reveal the compensatory features of bone marrow (BM) erythropoiesis in hereditary spherocytosis (HS) and to explore the effect of diferent hemoglobin levels on this compensation. Methods: Clinical and laboratory data of patients with HS were collected, and the peripheral blood absolute reticulocytes counts value was taken as the surrogate parameter to evaluate the ability of erythropoiesis compensation. BM erythropoiesis compensation in HS with diferent degrees of anemia were evaluated. Results: ①Three hundred and two patients were enrolled, including 115 with compensated hemolytic disease, 74 with mild anemia, 90 with moderate anemia, and 23 with severe anemia. ②Hemoglobin (HGB) was negatively correlated with serum erythropoietin in the decompensated hemolytic anemia group (EPO; rs=-0.585, P<0.001) . ③The median absolute reticulocyte count (ARC) of HS patients was 0.34 (0.27, 0.44) ×10(12)/L, up to 4.25 times that of normal people. The maximum ARC was 0.81×10(12)/L, about 10 times that of normal people. The median ARC of patients with compensated hemolytic disease was 0.29 (0.22, 0.38) ×10(12)/L, up to 3.63 times that of normal people. The median ARC of patients with hemolytic anemia was 0.38 (0.30, 0.46) ×10(12)/L, which was significantly higher than the patients with compensated hemolytic disease, up to 4.75 times that of normal people (z=4.999, P=0.003) . ④ ARC was negatively correlated with HGB in the compensated hemolytic disease group (rs=-0.177, P=0.002) and positively correlated with HGB in the decompensated hemolytic anemia group (rs=0.191, P=0.009) . There was no significant difference in the ARC among patients with mild, moderate, and severe anemia (χ(2)=4.588, P=0.101) . ⑤The median immature reticulocyte production index of the mild, moderate, and severe anemia groups was 13.1% (9.1%, 18.4%) , 17.0% (13.4%, 20.8%) , and 17.8% (14.6%, 21.8%) , respectively; the mild anemia group had lower index values than the moderate and severe anemia groups (P(adj) values were both<0.05) , but there was no significant difference between the latter groups (P(adj)=1.000) . The median immature reticulocyte count of patients in the mild, moderate, and severe groups was 5.09 (2.60, 7.74) ×10(10)/L, 6.24 (4.34, 8.83) ×10(10)/L, and 7.00 (3.07, 8.22) ×10(10)/L, respectively; there was no significant difference among the groups (χ(2)=3.081, P=0.214) . Conclusion: HGB can be maintained at a normal level through bone marrow erythropoiesis, while red blood cells are reduced in HS. However, once anemia develops, the bone marrow exerts its maximum erythropoiesis capacity and does not increase, regardless of anemia aggravation or serum EPO increase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Erythropoiesis , Reticulocyte Count , Reticulocytes , Spherocytosis, Hereditary
12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 412-416, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974569

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the distribution status and agglomeration degree of radiological diagnosis and treatment resources in Beijing, and provide references for rationally coordinating the allocation of radiological diagnosis and treatment resources, formulating resource allocation policies, and promoting the stable development and efficient use of radiological diagnosis and treatment resources. Methods Based on the medical radiation protection monitoring data of Beijing medical and health institutions from 2019 to 2020, the current situation of radiological diagnosis and treatment resources is described by the number of radiological diagnosis and treatment resources, the average service volume, and the resource composition, and the distribution of radiological diagnosis and treatment resources in Beijing is evaluated with the aid of the agglomeration degree. Results The number of radiological diagnostic equipment, the number of service personnel, and the number of radiological workers engaged in third-level hospitals is the largest; for the number of service personnel for each type of single equipment, third-level hospitals account for a larger proportion, and radiotherapy and nuclear medicine services are concentrated in third-level hospitals. Human resource pressure and equipment service pressure are relatively high in third-level hospitals. First-level hospitals mainly undertake radiological diagnosis services. There is little difference in the amount of radiological diagnosis services per capita between second-level hospitals and third-level hospitals. Nuclear medicine and radiotherapy in third-level hospitals per capita service volume is significantly higher than that insecond-level hospitals. Radiological diagnosis and radiotherapy resources are concentrated in urban areas to a large extent. Conclusion There are obvious differences in the utilization of radiological diagnosis and treatment resources in different levels of hospitals. There is a significant concentration of radiological diagnosis and treatment resources in various districts. There is a certain degree of unbalanced distribution and inadequate utilization of radiological diagnosis and treatment resources in Beijing.

13.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 184-191, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907414

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role and regulatory mechanism of UGT2A3 differential expression in colorectal carcinogenesis.Methods:Nine CRC datasets were downloaded from GEO database and TCGA. R language was used to analyze the differential expression of UGT2A3 in cancer and normal tissues. According to the expression level of UGT2A3 in TCGA, the top 20 samples with the highest expression and the lowest expression were selected from normal tissues and CRC tissues, respectively. The abundance of immune cells and immune enrichment score were compared, the differentially expressed genes and differentially expressed miRNAs were screened, and the pathway enrichment analysis of differentially expressed genes was performed.Results:UGT2A3 was down regulated in all 9 CRC datasets. In all sample types, compared with the UGT2A3 high expression group, the UGT2A3 low expression group had significantly higher ImmuneScore, EstimateScoreandStromalScore, and had higher abundance of immune cells (except memory B cells). In normal tissues, the differential expression of UGT2A3 mainly affects cancer-related pathways, while in tumor tissues, it mainly affects metabolic pathways. miR-194-2, miR-224 and miR-551b were differentially expressed in all groups, which were considered as potential UGT2A3 upstream regulatory genes in CRC.Conclusions:UGT2A3, miR-194-2, miR-224 and miR-551b can be used as potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of CRC.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4150-4156, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888075

ABSTRACT

The current study aims to rapidly and comprehensively profile the chemical composition of Cistanche salsa using direct infusion coupled with MS/MS~(ALL)(DI-MS/MS~(ALL)). The C. salsa extract was directly imported into electrospray ionization(ESI) source of quadrupole time-of-flight(Q-TOF) mass spectrometer with an infusion pump at a flow rate of 10 μL·min~(-1). Acquisition program was applied under negative ionization polarity to collect one MS~1 spectrum(m/z 50-1 200), followed by 1 150 MS~2 spectra with precursor isolation window(m/z 1) amongst mass range m/z 50-1 200. After each MS~2 spectrum was matched to its precursor ion, putative identification was conducted through matching mass spectral data with literature and database. A total of 31 components were identified from C. salsa, including 9 phenylethanoid glycosides, 2 iridoids, 4 saccharides, 9 organic acids, and 7 other compounds, similar to those from C. tubulosa and C. deserticola. In conclusion, DI-MS/MS~(ALL), a facile and reliable analytical tool, can be employed for qualitative analysis of chemical constituents in C. salsa. The research offers a promising strategy to achieve rapid chemome profiling of herbal medicine and provides an alternative source of Cistanches Herba.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cistanche , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycosides , Plants, Medicinal , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4131-4138, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888072

ABSTRACT

Eleven condensed tannins were isolated from the roots of Indigofera stachyodes by various column chromatography techniques including silica gel, octadecyl silica(ODS), Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). These compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and mass spectrometry(MS) data as stachyotannin A(1), epicatechin-(2β→O→7,4β→8)-epiafzelechin-(4β→8)-catechin(2), cinnamtannin D1(3), cinnamtannin B1(4), epicatechin-(2β→O→7,4β→8)-epiafzelechin-(4α→8)-epicatechin(5), gambiriin C(6), proanthocyanidin A1(7), proanthocyanidin A2(8), aesculitannin B(9), proanthocyanidin A4(10), and procyanidin B5(11). Compound 1 is a new compound. Compounds 2-11 were isolated from Indigofera for the first time. Furthermore, compounds 1, 2, and 4-11 showed inhibitory effects on thrombin-induced ATP release in platelets.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Indigofera , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Plant Extracts , Proanthocyanidins
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3599-3604, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888012

ABSTRACT

Isomers are widely distributed in Chinese herbal medicines,and can be discriminated by energy-resolved mass spectrometry( ER-MS). However,ER-MS was performed through direct injection of reference compounds with syringe pump,which encountered a significant technical barrier for high-throughput and automated measurements. Herein,online ER-MS was conducted using LC-MS platform,and a pair of isomers,kaempferol vs luteolin,were employed as a case study to illustrate and assess the utility of online ER-MS for isomeric discrimination. High-resolution tandem mass spectrometry data of both flavonoids were acquired on LC-QE-Orbitrap-MS,and the fragmentation pathways responsible for the primary fragment ions were proposed. The primary signal in MS1 occurred at m/z 285( [M-H]-),and the primary signals of either compound generated by retro-Diels-Alder fragmentation were observed at m/z 151 and 133. The spectral information was subsequently transferred onto LC-Qtrap-MS platform to carry out online ER-MS. Two precursor-to-product ion transition candidates were constructed as m/z 285>151 and 285>133,and either afterward derived a set of pseudo-ion transitions( PITs) and so forth,exactly corresponding to a series of progressive collision energies( eg-5,-8,-11 e V,and so on). All PITs were typed into the monitoring list of multiple reaction monitoring program to generate the peak area datasets. Either dataset was normalized using the highest values in the set and imported into Graph Pad Prism software to plot the Gaus-sian-shaped curve that was termed as the break-down graph. The apex of the regressive curve was termed as optimal collision energy( OCE). The OCE values corresponding to m/z 285>151 were calculated as-29. 06 e V and-35. 71 e V for kaempferol and luteolin,respectively. In the case of m/z 285>133,the OCEs were yielded as-44. 15 e V for kaempferol and-49. 01 e V for luteolin. With re-ference to their chemical structures,the location of hydroxyl group was regarded to be responsible for the differences of either m/z 285>151 or 285>133 between the isomers,attributing to their different bond properties. Above all,online ER-MS offers an eligible tool for isomeric discrimination,and provides meaningful information for the accurate chemical composition characterization based on LC-MS,which is not limited to Chinese herbal medicines.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Flavonoids , Kaempferols , Luteolin , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 946-951, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942280

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare well-known preload dynamic parameters intraoperatively including stroke volume variation (SVV), pulse pressure variation (PPV), and plethysmographic variability index (PVI) in children who underwent craniotomy for epileptogenic lesion excision.@*METHODS@#A total of 30 children aged 0 to 14 years undergoing craniotomy for intracranial epileptogenic lesion excision were enrolled. During surgery, we measured PPV, SVV (measured by the Flotrac/Vigileo device), and PVI (measured by the Masimo Radical-7 monitor) simultaneously and continuously. Preload dynamic parameter measurements were collected at predefined steps: after induction of anesthesia, during opening the skull, intraoperative electroencephalogram monitoring, excision of epileptogenic lesion, skull closure, at the end of the operation. After exclusion of outliers, agreement among SVV, PPV, and PVI was assessed using repeated measures of Bland-Altman approach. The 4-quadrant and polar plot techniques were used to assess the trending ability among the changes in the three parameters.@*RESULTS@#The mean SVV, PPV, and PVI were 8%±2%, 10%±3%, and 15%±7%, respectively during surgery. We analyzed a total of 834 paired measurements (3 to 8 data sets for each phase per patient). Repeated measures Bland-Altman analysis identified a bias of -2.3 and 95% confidence intervals between -1.9 and -2.7 (95% limits of agreement between -6.0 and 1.5) between PPV and SVV, showing significant correlation at all periods. The bias between PPV and PVI was -5.0 with 95% limits of agreement between -20.5 and 10.5, and that between SVV and PVI was -7.5 with 95% limits of agreement between -22.7 and 7.8, both not showing significant correlation. Reflected by 4-quadrant plots, the con-cordance rates showing the trending ability between the changes in PPV and SVV, PPV and PVI, SVV and PVI were 88.6%, 50.4%, and 50.1%, respectively. The concordance rate between PPV and SVV was higher (92.7%) in children aged less than 3 years compared with those aged 3 and more than 3 years. The mean angular bias, radial limits of agreement, and angular concordance rate in the polar analysis were not clinically acceptable in the changes between arterial pressure waveform-based parameters and volume-based PVI (PPV vs. PVI: angular mean bias 8.4°, angular concordance rate 29.9%; SVV vs. PVI: angular mean bias 2.4°, angular concordance rate 29.1%). There was a high concordance between the two arterial pressure waveform-based parameters reflected by the polar plot (angular mean bias -0.22°, angular concordance rate 86.6%).@*CONCLUSION@#PPV can be viewed as a surrogate for SVV, especially in children aged less than 3 years. The agreement between arterial pressure waveform-based preload parameters (PPV and SVV) and PVI is poor and these two should not be considered interchangeable. Attempt to combine PVI and PPV for improving the anesthesiologist's ability to monitor cardiac preload in major pediatric surgery is warranted.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Arterial Pressure , Blood Pressure , Craniotomy , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Stroke Volume
18.
The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics ; : 333-342, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918851

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To evaluate the impact of five different tooth preparation designs on the marginal and internal fit discrepancies of cobalt-chromium (CoCr) crowns produced by computer-aided designing (CAD) and selective laser melting (SLM) processes. @*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#Five preparation data were constructed, after which design crowns were obtained. Actual crowns were fabricated using an SLM process. After the data of actual crowns were obtained with structural light scanning, intaglio surfaces of the design crown and actual crown were virtually superimposed on the preparation. The fit-discrepancies were displayed with colors, while the root means square was calculated and analyzed with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey’s test or Kruskal-Wallis test (α =.05). @*RESULTS@#The marginal or internal color-coded images in the five design groups were not identical. The shoulder-lip and sharp line angle groups in the CAD or SLM process had larger marginal or internal fit discrepancies compared to other groups (P < .05). In the CAD process, the mean marginal and internal fit discrepancies were 10.0 to 24.2 µm and 29.6 to 31.4 µm, respectively. After the CAD and SLM processes, the mean marginal and internal fit discrepancies were 18.4 to 40.9 µm and 39.1 to 47.1 µm, respectively. The SLM process itself resulted in a positive increase of the marginal (6.0 – 16.7 µm) and internal (9.0 – 15.7 µm) fit discrepancies. @*CONCLUSION@#The CAD and SLM processes affected the fit of CoCr crowns and varied based on the preparation designs. Typically, the shoulder-lip and sharp line angle designs had a more significant effect on crown fit. However, the differences between the design groups were relatively small, especially when compared to fit discrepancies observed clinically.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2220-2228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879181

ABSTRACT

A new method of MS/MS~(ALL) was designed to sequentially record a MS~2 spectrum at each unit mass window through gas phase fractionation concept, so as to offer an opportunity for universal MS~2 spectral recording with direct infusion(DI). As a proof-of-concept, DI-MS/MS~(ALL) was applied for rapid chemome profiling of a famous herbal medicine named Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. After each MS~2 spectrum was correlated to its precursor ion, the structural annotation was conducted by applying well-defined mass cracking rules, matching the mass spectral data with literatures and referring to those accessible databases. As a result, a total of 54 components were identified from Lonicerae Japonicae Flos extract, including 21 phenolic acids, 13 flavonoids, 12 iridoids, 4 triterpenoids and 4 other compounds. Therefore, DI-MS/MS~(ALL) is a powerful tool for comprehensive, rapid qualitative analysis of chemical profiles of traditional Chinese medicine and other chemical components of complex systems.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Lonicera , Plant Extracts , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2215-2219, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879180

ABSTRACT

This study aims to study the chemical components from the gum resin of Boswellia carterii. Five cembranoid diterpenes were isolated from the gum resin of B. carterii by various of column chromatographies including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, mass spectrometry(MS), nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR), Ultraviolet(UV) and infrared(IR) spectroscopic data. These compounds were identified as(1S,2E,4R,5S,7E,11E)-4-methoxy-5-hydroxycembrane(1),(1R~*,4R~*,5E,8E,12E,15E)-4-hydroxycembra-5,8,12,15-tetraene(2), cembrene A(3),(3S,4S,7R)-4-hydroxycembrane(4), and pavidolide D(5). Compound 1 was a new compound. Compounds 2, 4, and 5 were obtained from the gum resin of B. carterii for the first time. Compound 2 showed weak inhibition on the human liver cancer cell line HepG2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Boswellia , Cell Line , Diterpenes , Molecular Structure , Resins, Plant
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