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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 85-95, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007910

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study explored the potentially modifiable factors for depression and major depressive disorder (MDD) from the MR-Base database and further evaluated the associations between drug targets with MDD.@*METHODS@#We analyzed two-sample of Mendelian randomization (2SMR) using genetic variant depression ( n = 113,154) and MDD ( n = 208,811) from Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS). Separate calculations were performed with modifiable risk factors from MR-Base for 1,001 genomes. The MR analysis was performed by screening drug targets with MDD in the DrugBank database to explore the therapeutic targets for MDD. Inverse variance weighted (IVW), fixed-effect inverse variance weighted (FE-IVW), MR-Egger, weighted median, and weighted mode were used for complementary calculation.@*RESULTS@#The potential causal relationship between modifiable risk factors and depression contained 459 results for depression and 424 for MDD. Also, the associations between drug targets and MDD showed that SLC6A4, GRIN2A, GRIN2C, SCN10A, and IL1B expression are associated with an increased risk of depression. In contrast, ADRB1, CHRNA3, HTR3A, GSTP1, and GABRG2 genes are candidate protective factors against depression.@*CONCLUSION@#This study identified the risk factors causally associated with depression and MDD, and estimated 10 drug targets with significant impact on MDD, providing essential information for formulating strategies to prevent and treat depression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depressive Disorder, Major/genetics , Depression , Genome-Wide Association Study , Mendelian Randomization Analysis , Risk Factors , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 175-182, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005267

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the scientific connotation of fried charcoal survivability of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos(LJF) by analyzing the correlation between the color change and the intrinsic components during the processing of LJF Carbonisata(LJFC), and taking pH, charcoal adsorption and microscopic characteristics as indexes. MethodLJFC samples with different degrees of processing were prepared according to the stir-frying time of 0.0, 1.5, 3.0, 4.5, 6.0, 7.5, 9.0, 10.5 min(numbered S1-S8), and the contents of gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, rutin, luteoloside, isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid C were determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), and the L*(brightness), a*(red-greenness) and b*(yellow-blueness) of LJFC samples with different degrees of processing were determined by spectrophotometer, and the correlation analysis and principal component analysis(PCA) between the contents of seven representative components and the color of the samples were carried out by SPSS 26. 0 and SIMCA-P 14.1. Then pH, adsorption force and characteristic structure of different samples of LJFC were detected and the processing pattern of LJFC was analyzed. ResultThe results of quantitative analysis revealed that the contents of luteoloside, rutin, chlorogenic acid and isochlorogenic acid A gradually decreased, and the contents of cryptochlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid C and gallic acid firstly increased and then decreased. The L* and b* of the sample powders decreased, and a* showed a trend of increasing and then decreasing. The L* and b* were positively correlated with the contents of chlorogenic acid, rutin, luteoloside, isochlorogenic acid A, b* was positively correlated with the content of gallic acid, and a* was positively correlated with the contents of cryptochlorogenic acid and isochlorogenic acid C. PCA revealed that samples could be clearly divided into 3 groups, S1-S2 as one group, S3-S5 as one group, and S6-S8 as one group, with S3 having the highest score. The results of regression analysis showed that only isochlorogenic acid C could be used to predict the contents of components by colorimetric values combined with regression equations. Physicochemical analysis showed that pH of LJFC increased with the increase of degree of charcoal stir-frying, while adsorption force showed a tendency of increasing and then decreasing, with the highest adsorption force in the S5 sample, and the non-glandular hairs, calcium oxalate clusters and pollen grains had a varying degree of decreasing with the deepening of processing degree, and the microstructures of S6-S8 samples were obviously charred with pollen grains almost invisible. ConclusionThe changes in chemical composition and color characteristics of LJFC during the processing have certain correlations, combined with the changes in physicochemical properties, S5 sample is found to be the optimal processed products, which can provide a reference for the processing standardization and quality evaluation of LJFC, and enrich the scientific connotation of fried charcoal survivability of LJF.

3.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 261-267, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016447

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of morin treatment on bone metabolism and bone mass in aged rats, and to clarify the possible mechanism. MethodsTen young female Sprague-Dawley rats (3 months old) and 20 old female Sprague-Dawley rats (24 months old) were randomly divided into three groups: Control group (CON, 10 young rats); Model group (MOD, 10 young rats); 10 old rats and SangHuangSu Group (SSS, 10 old rats). During the experiment, the SSS group received intraperitoneal injection of morin (10 mg / kg) daily. The treatment lasted for 12 weeks. After treatment, Micro-CT, HE stained sections, serological tests and Western blot were used to observe the treatment effect and possible mechanism. ResultsAfter 12 weeks of treatment, compared with MOD group, the number and density of bone trabeculae in SSS group were significantly improved. The BMD, Conn. D, Tb. N, Tb.Th and Tb.Sp of the left femur in the SSS group were significantly better than those in the MOD group(P <0.05). After 12 weeks of treatment, the levels of CTX-1, osteocalcin, TRACP-5b and PINP in SSS group were significantly lower than those in MOD group(P <0.05). Compared with the MOD group, the ERK1/2-p38 signal pathway was significantly inhibited and the levels of ERK1/2 and p38 were significantly decreased in the SSS group(P <0.05). ConclusionMorin pigment mediates the protective effect on the bones of aged rats by inhibiting the ERK1/2-p38 signaling pathway and reducing bone turnover.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 455-461, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013637

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the mechanism of ligu aged 2 months of the same strain were used as the constilide (LIG) in delaying the senescence of auditory trol (Ctrl) group. Auditory brainstem response test was cortex and treating central presbycusis. Methods used to detect the auditory threshold of mice before and Forty C57BL/6J mice aged 13 months were randomly di after treatment. Levels of serum MDA and activity of vided into ligustilide low-dose(L-LIG) group, ligustil serum SOD were detected to display the level of oxidative ide medium-dose (M-LIG) group, ligustilide high-dose stress. The pathological changes of auditory cortex were (H-LIG) group and aging (Age) group, and 10 mice observed by HE staining. Ferroptosis was observed by

5.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 84-89, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012854

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 is a severe respiratory pathogen infection, showing a distinct "hospital cluster" transmission characteristics. This paper illustrated the concept of occupational exposure and COVID-19. Combined with the actual situation of COVID-19, the infection status of medical personnel in this outbreak was analyzed from three aspects: the transmission risk and infection rate of medical personnel, the clinical characteristics and the undiscovered super-spreader. Through the analysis of the present situation, this paper summarized the possible occupational exposure risk factors of medical personnel in COVID-19 from five aspects: biological occupational risk factors, chemical occupational risk factors, physical occupational risk factors, violence factors and psychological factors. From isolating the source of infection and cutting off the transmission route, the "safety supervisor" mechanism is established to avoid the risks of biological, chemical and physical occupational exposure, from providing professional psychological counseling for medical personnel to reduce their psychological stress, and from improving the relevant legal level to reduce the risk of medical personnel’s violent occupational exposure.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 210-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996063

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation and influencing factors of patients′ satisfaction with nursing humanistic care, and to provide reference for improving the quality of such care provided by hospitals.Methods:From July to August 2022, outpatients and inpatients in 30 provinces were selected by multi-stage stratified sampling as the survey objects. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on an online platform, using the general information questionnaire and Chinese version of methodist health care system nurse caring instrument revised by the research group. The latter instrument consists of 12 dimensions. namely care coordination, competence, teaching/learning, emotional support, respect for individuality, physical comfort, availability, helping/trusting relationship, patient/family engagement, physical environment, spiritual environment and outcomes. Descriptive analysis was performed on the data collected by the questionnaires, and independent sample t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the influencing factors of patient satisfaction. Results:A total of 107 hospitals were selected for questionnaire survey, including 86 tertiary hospitals and 21 secondary hospitals, and 29 108 valid questionnaires were recovered. The patient satisfaction with nursing humanistic care scored (5.40±0.86); the top three dimensions were competence (5.50±0.89), emotional support (5.47±0.88) and helping/trusting relationship (5.46±0.86); the lowest scoring dimensions were teaching/learning (5.38±1.01), spiritual environment (5.36±1.04) and patient/family engagement (5.11±1.28). Differences with gender, age, marital status, child status, educational level, occupation, place of residence, economic region, per capita monthly income of the family, type of medical insurance, medical department visited and surgery or not presented significant differences on the patient satisfaction with nursing humanistic care scores ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The satisfaction of patients with hospital′s nursing humanistic care in China was at the middle to upper level. In the future, health education for patients should be strengthened, and a mode of family-engaged nursing humanistic care should be constructed in line with the Chinese cultural background. In the process of nursing services, the particularity of patient groups should be considered to better meet their needs.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 189-195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995373

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate artificial intelligence constructed by deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) for the site identification in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.Methods:A total of 21 310 images of esophagogastroduodenoscopy from the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2019 to June 2021 were collected. A total of 19 191 images of them were used to construct site identification model, and the remaining 2 119 images were used for verification. The performance differences of two models constructed by DCCN in the identification of 30 sites of the upper digestive tract were compared. One model was the traditional ResNetV2 model constructed by Inception-ResNetV2 (ResNetV2), the other was a hybrid neural network RESENet model constructed by Inception-ResNetV2 and Squeeze-Excitation Networks (RESENet). The main indices were the accuracy, the sensitivity, the specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV).Results:The accuracy, the sensitivity, the specificity, PPV and NPV of ResNetV2 model in the identification of 30 sites of the upper digestive tract were 94.62%-99.10%, 30.61%-100.00%, 96.07%-99.56%, 42.26%-86.44% and 97.13%-99.75%, respectively. The corresponding values of RESENet model were 98.08%-99.95%, 92.86%-100.00%, 98.51%-100.00%, 74.51%-100.00% and 98.85%-100.00%, respectively. The mean accuracy, mean sensitivity, mean specificity, mean PPV and mean NPV of ResNetV2 model were 97.60%, 75.58%, 98.75%, 63.44% and 98.76%, respectively. The corresponding values of RESENet model were 99.34% ( P<0.001), 99.57% ( P<0.001), 99.66% ( P<0.001), 90.20% ( P<0.001) and 99.66% ( P<0.001). Conclusion:Compared with the traditional ResNetV2 model, the artificial intelligence-assisted site identification model constructed by RESENNet, a hybrid neural network, shows significantly improved performance. This model can be used to monitor the integrity of the esophagogastroduodenoscopic procedures and is expected to become an important assistant for standardizing and improving quality of the procedures, as well as an significant tool for quality control of esophagogastroduodenoscopy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 861-866, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993906

ABSTRACT

The impact of climate change on the health of elderly individuals is a growing concern.Research has shown that fluctuations in blood glucose levels, resulting from temperature changes, can trigger ischemic stroke in elderly patients.This effect is observed in both high and low temperatures, highlighting the need for effective prevention strategies to mitigate the risk of stroke among vulnerable populations.It is necessary to analyze the seasonal variation of blood glucose fluctuation and its correlation with elderly ischemic stroke, and explore the blood glucose management strategies to cope with temperature change among the elderly population.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 303-309, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of staged percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI)after emergency PCI and emergency culprit-only PCI on clinical outcomes of elderly patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI)and multivessel disease.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 389 elderly patients with STEMI and multivessel lesions, aged ≥70 years and within 12 h of onset, admitted to the Clinical College of Thoracic Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, between January 2014 and September 2019.According to different revascularization strategies, enrolled patients were divided into the culprit-only PCI group(79.18%, 308)and the staged PCI group(20.82%, 81). Kaplan-Meier analysis and the Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to compare the incidences of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events(MACCE), all-cause death, cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, stroke and ischemia-driven revascularization between the two groups and to evaluate the effects of different revascularization strategies on MACCE and all-cause death.Then subgroup analysis was performed.Results:During a 56-month follow-up, 131 patients developed MACCE and 96 patients died.Compared with the culprit-only PCI group, the staged PCI group had a lower risk of MACCE( HR: 0.404, 95% CI: 0.227-0.716, P=0.002), all-cause death( HR: 0.354, 95% CI: 0.171-0.730, P=0.005), cardiac death( HR: 0.363, 95% CI: 0.157-0.838, P=0.018), and recurrent myocardial infarction( HR: 0.229, 95% CI: 0.055-0.953, P=0.043). There was no significant difference in the incidence of stroke or ischemia-driven revascularization between the two groups( P>0.05). The reduced risk with staged PCI for MACCE and for all-cause mortality persisted in all subgroups.Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression revealed that, after adjusting for confounding factors, staged PCI was an independent protective factor for MACCE( HR: 0.44, 95% CI: 0.239-0.815, P=0.009)and for all-cause death( HR: 0.390, 95% CI: 0.90, P=0.020). Conclusion:Compared with culprit-only PCI, staged PCI can significantly improve the long-term prognosis of elderly patients ≥70 years with STEMI and multivessel disease within 12 h of onset.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 683-688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the failure patterns and survival after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients with T 1-2N 0M 0 non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Methods:Clinical data of early-stage NSCLC patients who received SBRT at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2012 to September 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The primary observed endpoint was the pattern of disease progression, which was divided into intra-field recurrence, regional lymph node recurrence and distant metastasis. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate analysis was conducted by log-rank test, and multivariate analysis was performed by Cox's model.Results:A total of 147 patients with 156 lesions were included. The median follow-up time was 44.0 months (16.5-95.5 months). A total of 57 patients (38.8%) progressed: 14 patients (24.5%) had recurrence with the 1-, 3-, and 5-year local recurrence rates of 2.0%, 10.9%, and 14.3%, respectively; 36 patients (63.2%) had Distant metastasis with the 1-, 3- and 5-year distant metastasis rates of 12.2%, 22.4% and 28.6%, respectively; and 7 patients (12.3%) had recurrence complicated with distant metastasis. The 3-, 5- and 7-year OS rates were 80.5%, 64.2% and 49.9% for all patients, respectively. The median OS was 78.4 months. The 3-, 5- and 7-year PFS rates were 64.8%,49.5% and 41.5%, with a median PFS of 57.9 months (95% CI: 42.3-73.5 months). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that biologically equivalent dose and age were the factors affecting the efficacy of SBRT (both P<0.05). Conclusion:Distant metastasis is the main failure pattern in patients with T 1-2N 0M 0 NSCLC after SBRT. High-risk population should be selected for further systematic treatment to improve the efficacy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 301-306, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the fail mode of neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) after long-term follow-up.Methods:Clinical data of consecutive 238 patients with locally advanced resectable ESCC who underwent neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from September 2012 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The failure mode in the whole cohort was analyzed after long-term follow-up. The overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) rates were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. Survival differences were determined by log-rank test.Results:The pathological complete response (pCR) rate was 42.0% in 238 patients. After a median follow-up of 46.1 months, tumor progression occurred in 96 patients (40.3%), including 25 patients (10.5%) with local recurrence, 61 patients (25.6%) with distant metastases, and 10 patients (4.2%) with simultaneous local recurrence and distant metastases. The median OS and DFS were 64.7 months and 49.9 months. And the 3-, 5-, and 7-year OS and DFS rates were 70.0%, 52.8%, 36.4% and 63.5%, 42.5%, and 30.0%, respectively. The 3-, 5-, and 7-year locoregional recurrence-free survival rates and distant metastasis-free survival rates were 86.0%, 71.4%, 61.2% and 70.6%, 55.9%, 43.0%. Compared with non-pCR patients, the overall progression rate and distant metastasis rate of pCR patients were lower (26.0% vs. 50.7%, 16.0% vs. 32.6%, both P<0.05). And the 3-, 5-, and 7-year OS (83.0% vs. 60.2%, 69.7% vs. 41.7%, 50.4% vs. 27.7%, all P<0.001) and DFS rates (80.4% vs. 51.4%, 63.9% vs. 31.2%, 45.9% vs. 20.3%, all P<0.001) were significantly better in pCR patients. Conclusions:Distant metastasis is the main failure mode of patients with locally advanced ESCC after neoadjuvant therapy. Patients with postoperative pCR can achieve better long-term survival.

12.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 886-892, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988738

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the risk factors and construct a predictive model for severe myelosuppression due to chemotherapy in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). MethodsPatients with TNBC who received anthracycline combined with cyclophosphamide sequential paclitaxel chemotherapy regimen at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from September 2, 2016 to September 2, 2021 were selected and assigned to severe myelosuppression group and no/mild myelosuppression group. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors for severe myelosuppression due to chemotherapy and to develop a prediction model. Hosmer-Lemeshow test and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to evaluate the predictive efficiency of the regression model. Kappa consistency test was used to verify the regression model externally. ResultsA total of 207 patients who met the inclusion were enrolled and 106 patients (51%) had severe myelosuppression. Binary logistic regression multivariate analysis showed that age 40 to 60 years (OR = 3.463, 95% CI: 1.144 to 10.486, P = 0.028), age >60 years (OR = 3.474, 95% CI: 1.004 to 12.020, P = 0.049), body mass index (BMI) 18.5 to 24.0 (OR = 1.445, 95% CI: 0.686 to 3.087, P = 0.328), BMI <18.5 (OR = 3.582, 95% CI: 1.260 to 10.182, P = 0.017), tumor TNM stage Ⅱ (OR = 1.698, 95% CI: 0.831 to 3.468, P = 0.146), tumor TNM stage Ⅲ (OR = 2.943, 95% CI: 1.199 to 7.227, P = 0.019), previous diabetes (OR = 2.441, 95% CI: 1.076 to 5.539, P = 0.033), low pre-treatment albumin level (OR = 2.759, 95% CI: 1.141 to 6.669, P = 0.024) and low pre-treatment lymphocytes (OR = 3.428, 95% CI: 1.689 to 6.958, P = 0.001) were independent risk factors for severe myelosuppression due to chemotherapy. The χ2 value for the logistic regression model Hosmer-Lemeshow test was 11.507, P= 0.175, the area under the ROC curve was 0.763, standard error 0.033, 95% CI: 0.698-0.828, P=0.000. External validation showed that the prediction model had a specificity of 88% and a sensitivity of 80%; the kappa value was 0.679, standard error 0.081, P=0.000. conclusionThis logistic regression model had high predictive efficacy and is useful for clinicians to predict whether patients with TNBC develop severe myelosuppression.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1732-1736, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987899

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the efficacy of preoperative intravitreal injection of conbercept combined with 25G+ pars plana vitrectomy(PPV)in the treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR).METHODS: The clinical data of 154 patients(176 eyes)with PDR admitted to our hospital from January 2019 to June 2021 were collected for retrospective analysis. According to the treatment methods, 80 patients(92 eyes)in combined treatment group were treated with preoperative intravitreal injection of conbercept combined with 25G+PPV, and 74 patients(84 eyes)in control group were given 25G+PPV only. The postoperative clinical efficacy and levels of adipokines [adiponectin(APN), retinol binding protein 4(RBP4)] before and after surgery were compared between both groups of patients.RESULTS: The combined treatment group showed better clinical efficacy than the control group at 1mo after surgery(P&#x003C;0.05). Both groups had lower RBP4 levels at 3mo after surgery(P&#x003C;0.05), with the combined treatment group showing a lower level than the control group(P&#x003C;0.05). Serum APN levels significantly increased in both groups after surgery(P&#x003C;0.05), with the combined treatment group having a higher level than the control group(P&#x003C;0.05). The combined treatment group had lower incidence rates of retinal proliferation and postoperative complications after than the control group 3mo of follow-up(P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Preoperative intravitreal injection of conbercept combined with 25G+PPV is beneficial in improving the therapeutic effect of PDR and reducing the incidence rates of complications, which may be related to the regulations of the expressions of adipokines.

14.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 579-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986930

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, prognosis, and related risk factors of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain in mainland China. Methods: Data of patients with SARS-CoV-2 from December 28, 2022, to February 21, 2023, were collected through online and offline questionnaires from 45 tertiary hospitals and one center for disease control and prevention in mainland China. The questionnaire included demographic information, previous health history, smoking and alcohol drinking, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, olfactory and gustatory function before and after infection, other symptoms after infection, as well as the duration and improvement of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The self-reported olfactory and gustatory functions of patients were evaluated using the Olfactory VAS scale and Gustatory VAS scale. Results: A total of 35 566 valid questionnaires were obtained, revealing a high incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain (67.75%). Females(χ2=367.013, P<0.001) and young people(χ2=120.210, P<0.001) were more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Gender(OR=1.564, 95%CI: 1.487-1.645), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), oral health status (OR=0.881, 95%CI: 0.839-0.926), smoking history (OR=1.152, 95%CI=1.080-1.229), and drinking history (OR=0.854, 95%CI: 0.785-0.928) were correlated with the occurrence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2(above P<0.001). 44.62% (4 391/9 840) of the patients who had not recovered their sense of smell and taste also suffered from nasal congestion, runny nose, and 32.62% (3 210/9 840) suffered from dry mouth and sore throat. The improvement of olfactory and taste functions was correlated with the persistence of accompanying symptoms(χ2=10.873, P=0.001). The average score of olfactory and taste VAS scale was 8.41 and 8.51 respectively before SARS-CoV-2 infection, but decreased to3.69 and 4.29 respectively after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recovered to 5.83and 6.55 respectively at the time of the survey. The median duration of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was 15 days and 12 days, respectively, with 0.5% (121/24 096) of patients experiencing these dysfunctions for more than 28 days. The overall self-reported improvement rate of smell and taste dysfunctions was 59.16% (14 256/24 096). Gender(OR=0.893, 95%CI: 0.839-0.951), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), history of head and facial trauma(OR=1.180, 95%CI: 1.036-1.344, P=0.013), nose (OR=1.104, 95%CI: 1.042-1.171, P=0.001) and oral (OR=1.162, 95%CI: 1.096-1.233) health status, smoking history(OR=0.765, 95%CI: 0.709-0.825), and the persistence of accompanying symptoms (OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.332-0.388) were correlated with the recovery of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2 (above P<0.001 except for the indicated values). Conclusion: The incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain is high in mainland China, with females and young people more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Active and effective intervention measures may be required for cases that persist for a long time. The recovery of olfactory and taste functions is influenced by several factors, including gender, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status, history of head and facial trauma, nasal and oral health status, smoking history, and persistence of accompanying symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , SARS-CoV-2 , Smell , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Incidence , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Taste Disorders/etiology , Prognosis
15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 438-444, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986910

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic transnasal surgery for sinonasal and skull base adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), and to analyze the prognostic factors. Methods: Data of 82 patients (43 females and 39 males, at a median age of 49 years old) with sinonasal and skull base ACC who were admitted to XuanWu Hospital, Capital Medical University between June 2007 and June 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were staged according to American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th edition. The disease overall survival(OS) and disease-free survival(DFS) rates were calculated by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Cox regression model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis. Results: There were 4 patients with stage Ⅱ, 14 patients with stage Ⅲ, and 64 patients with stage Ⅳ. The treatment strategies included purely endoscopic surgery (n=42), endoscopic surgery plus radiotherapy (n=32) and endoscopic surgery plus radiochemotherapy (n=8). Followed up for 8 to 177 months, the 5-year OS and DFS rates was 63.0% and 51.6%, respectively. The 10-year OS and DFS rates was 51.2% and 31.8%, respectively. The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that late T stage and internal carotid artery (ICA) involvement were the independent prognostic factors for survival in sinonasal and skull base ACC (all P<0.05). The OS of patients who received surgery or surgery plus radiotherapy was significantly higher than that of patients who received surgery plus radiochemotherapy (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Endoscopic transonasal surgery or combing with radiotherapy is an effective procedure for the treatment of sinonasal and skull base ACC. Late T stage and ICA involvement indicate poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Skull Base/pathology , Disease-Free Survival , Prognosis
16.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 875-884, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010285

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate protective effect of Cordyceps sinensis (CS) through autophagy-associated adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway in acute kidney injury (AKI)-induced acute lung injury (ALI).@*METHODS@#Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups according to a random number table, including the normal saline (NS)-treated sham group (sham group), NS-treated ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) group (IRI group), and low- (5 g/kg·d) and high-dose (10 g/kg·d) CS-treated IRI groups (CS1 and CS2 groups), 12 rats in each group. Nephrectomy of the right kidney was performed on the IRI rat model that was subjected to 60 min of left renal pedicle occlusion followed by 12, 24, 48, and 72 h of reperfusion. The wet-to-dry (W/D) ratio of lung, levels of serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin- β and tumor necrosis factor- α, and biomarkers of oxidative stress such as superoxide dismutase, malonaldehyde (MDA) and myeloperoxidase (MPO), were assayed. Histological examinations were conducted to determine damage of tissues in the kidney and lung. The protein expressions of light chain 3 II/light chain 3 I (LC3-II/LC3-I), uncoordinated-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1), P62, AMPK and mTOR were measured by Western blot and immunohistochemistry, respectively.@*RESULTS@#The renal IRI induced pulmonary injury following AKI, resulting in significant increases in W/D ratio of lung, and the levels of Scr, BUN, inflammatory cytokines, MDA and MPO (P<0.01); all of these were reduced in the CS groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the IRI groups, the expression levels of P62 and mTOR were significantly lower (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while those of LC3-II/LC3-I, ULK1, and AMPK were significantly higher in the CS2 group (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CS had a potential in treating lung injury following renal IRI through activation of the autophagy-related AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway in AKI-induced ALI.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Cordyceps/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Kidney/pathology , Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Mammals/metabolism
17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 929-933, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010151

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the clinical characteristics about sequence diagnosis and treatment of oral complications in patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) through retrospective analysis, and to provide some guidance for clinical work.@*METHODS@#Some SS patients who underwent oral sequence management in the Department of General Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from January 2015 to September 2021 were enrolled. For the SS patients included in this study, a comprehensive oral examination was performed, including parotid region examination, oral mucosal exa-mination, dentition examination, dental examination, periodontal examination, unstimulated salivary flow rate, Candida infection and radiological imaging examination. According to the examination results, the patients were given fluoride application, antifungal treatment, root canal therapy, direct filling repair, and indirect repair treatment in sequence and the results recorded.@*RESULTS@#A total of 9 patients with SS, with 4 primary SS patients (pSS) and 5 secondary SS patients (sSS) were enrolled in the study. For all the 9 patients, the average age was (49.2±16.2) years and the median xerostomia duration 5 years. The unstimulated salivary flow rate of the 9 patients was all less than 1 mL/10 min. Eight of the 9 cases was diagnosed as oral Candidiasis, with positive salivary Candida culture result (>200 cfu/mL), and 1 of the 9 cases was not. The average decay, missing, filling teeth (DMFT) was 24.8±4.2; the average decay, missing, filling tooth surfaces (DMFS) was 59.2±21.9, the average incisal caries was 2.5±1.3, and the average number of crown restorations at baseline was 4.5±3.6. All the 9 SS patients were applied with topical fluoride usage, and 8 were prescribed with antifungal treatment. One sSS patient was conducted with filling restoration treatment, one pSS patient was conducted with full mouth rehabilitation, and the remaining 7 patients were conducted with direct filling combined with fixed repair treatment. The average 3.2 full crown restorations in 6 patients had to be removed and restored because of secondary caries, and 3 of the 9 patients underwent implant denture restorations finally.@*CONCLUSION@#Management of oral complications in SS patients needs to be carried out in sequence. A comprehensive examination and diagnosis should be carried out first, followed by infection control, and then restoration of oral function at last.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Retrospective Studies , Antifungal Agents , Xerostomia , Fluorides
18.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 356-361, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969898

ABSTRACT

Objective: Exploring the neuropsychological developmental characteristics and influencing factors of children with speech disorder. Methods: A case-control study was conducted. A total of 395 children diagnosed with speech disorders were selected as speech sound disorder (SSD) group from January 2019 to September 2021 in the speech-speech outpatient department of the Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics, and 1 179 healthy children who underwent physical examination in the health department during the same period were selected as the control group. All the children were examined by the "Children's Neuropsychological Behavior Scale 2016 Edition" (Children's Mind Scale 2016 edition). Independent sample t test was used to compare the developmental levels of the two groups of children, including total developmental quotient, gross motor, fine motor, adaptive ability, language and social behavior ability. The influential factors of children's speech disorders were analyzed by univariate Chi-square analysis and multivariate logistic regression. Results: There were 395 SSD children, including 296 males and 99 females, 4≤ age ≤6, (4.71±0.76) years. There were 1 179 children in the control group, including 864 males and 315 females, 4≤ age ≤6, (4.64±0.78) years. The mean value of total developmental factors in SSD group was lower than that in control group [(86.45±11.57)/(91.24±8.0), t=-7.78, P<0.01], and the mean values of total developmental markers in both boys and girls in SSD group were lower than those in control group [(86.00±11.40)/(90.78±7.86), t=-6.70, P<0.01; (87.82±12.03)/(92.87±8.49), t=-3.88, P<0.01]. The mean values of gross motor, fine motor, adaptive ability, language ability and social behavior in SSD group were lower than those in control group [(89.76±12.47)/(92.01±10.69), t=-3.21, P<0.01; (80.62±13.64)/(84.49±11.55), t=-5.06, P<0.01; (87.92±15.25)/(92.98±12.06), t=-6.00, P<0.01; (86.48±16.30)/(94.55±12.08), t=-9.04, P<0.01; (87.02±15.18)/(92.63±12.57), t=-6.62, P<0.01]; The mean value of fine motor in boys was lower than that in girls in SSD group [(79.80±13.42)/(83.08±14.05), t=-2.08, P<0.05]. Independent mealtimes. 2 years old (OR=1.527, 95%CI: 1.180-1.977, P=0.001), delay in adding supplemental food (OR=1.510, 95%CI: 1.123-2.029, P=0.006), dialect in the home language environment (OR=1.351, 95%CI: 1.060-1.723, P=0.015) were risk factors for children with speech disorders. Conclusion: Children with speech disorders are more common in boys. The overall development level of SSD children is lower than that of normal children, and the fine motor of SSD boys is lower than that of girls. The incidence of children's speech disorders is related to the addition time of supplementary food, independent meal time and family language environment.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Child, Preschool , Speech Sound Disorder/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Speech Disorders , Cognition
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 686-691, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of electromyography on the clinical manifestations and prognosis after posterior lumbar interbody fusion(PLIF) of degenerative lumbar diseases.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 68 patients with degenerative lumbar diseases, including 29 males and 39 females, aged 21 to 84 years old, who underwent electromyogram (EMG) from January 2018 to October 2019. The patients were divided into negative and positive groups according to whether theresults of EMG was normal or abnormal, PLIF surgery was performed in both groups. The preoperative duration of illness, postoperative recovery time, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative ambulation time and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by visual analogue scale(VAS) of low back and lower limb, the Japanese Orthopedic Association(JOA) score before and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were follow-up from 26 to 39 months. The subjective symptoms, clinical signs, daily activities and JOA total scores after operation in two groups were significantly higher than those before preoperation(P<0.05);the clinical signs score and total JOA score in the negative group at 3 months after operation were higher than those in the positive group(P<0.05). The VAS score of leg pain in the negative group after 1 and 3 months was less than that in the positive group(P<0.05). Patients 's illness time, postoperative recovery time, hospitalization time and implantation time in the negative group were shorter than those in the positive group(P<0.05). At other time points, there was no significant difference in low pain VAS, leg pain VAS, JOA scores in the two groups(P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the operation time and intraoperative bleeding volume between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with normal electromyography had shorter disease duration than ones with abnormal electromyography in lumbar degenerative disease;after PLIF, patients with normal electromyography recovered faster than ones with abnormal electromyography, but the results of electromyography had no effect on the final prognosis of PLIF surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Pain
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4057-4074, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008011

ABSTRACT

Artificial nerve guidance conduits (NGCs) are synthetic nerve grafts that are capable of providing the structural and nutritional support for nerve regeneration. The ideal NGCs have plenty of requirements on biocompatibility, mechanical strength, topological structure, and conductivity. Therefore, it is necessary to continuously improve the design of NGCs and establish a better therapeutic strategy for peripheral nerve injury in order to meet clinical needs. Although current NGCs have made certain process in the treatment of peripheral nerve injury, their nerve regeneration and functional outcomes on repairing long-distance nerve injury remain unsatisfactory. Herein, we review the nerve conduit design from four aspects, namely raw material selection, structural design, therapeutic factor loading and self-powered component integration. Moreover, we summarize the research progress of NGCs in the treatment of peripheral nerve injury, in order to facilitate the iterative updating and clinical transformation of NGCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/therapy , Guided Tissue Regeneration , Nerve Regeneration/physiology , Sciatic Nerve
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