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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920785

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the serum IgM and IgG antibody levels post-COVID-19 vaccination, and provide scientific evidence for COVID-19 antibody response after vaccination. Methods A total of 980 healthy persons were included in Kunming Third People’s Hospital from July through August, 2021, which had been vaccinated with COVID-19 vaccines and then tested for anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG antibodies. Results After the COVID-19 vaccination, 469 persons (positive rate, 47.86%) were positive for anti-IgG antibody. Of them, 75 were males with (positive rate, 39.06%), and the average IgG level was 0.618 (0.180, 2.526) AU·mL-1[M(Q1,Q3)]; 394 were females (50.00%), and the IgG level was 0.999 (0.305, 3.334) AU·mL-1. In addition, 53 persons (5.41%) were anti-IgM antibody positive. Of them, 14 were males (positive rate, 7.29%), and the average IgM level was 0.057 (0.026, 0.195) AU·mL-1; 39 were females (4.95%), and the IgM level was 0.047 (0.027, 0.110) AU·mL-1. The positive rate of anti-IgG antibody was highest in those aged ≤30 years, which was 51.02% in male (n=25) and 55.88% in female (n=133). The anti-IgG response differed significantly by gender (χ2=7.401, D=0.135 1, P<0.05), whereas the anti-IgM response was not significantly different (χ2=1.656, P>0.05). Among the age groups, anti-IgG antibody level was higher in those aged ≤30 and 51-70 years, with 158 (55.05%) and 122 (52.36%) persons, respectively; the average antibody level was 1.209 (0.426, 4.386) AU·mL-1 and 1.074 (0.191, 7.670) AU·mL-1, respectively. The differences in the positive rates of IgG and IgM antibodies and the levels of IgG antibodies among different age groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). Using Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman correlation analysis, it showed a high correlation between the IgG and IgM antibodies (r=0.836 4, H=64.82, 20.09, P<0.05). Conclusion The Anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody remains high six months post-COVID-19 vaccination, while anti-IgM antibody is low. The IgM and IgG response are higher in the young and elderly. The response differs by gender and age, demonstrating a correlation.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913818

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was aimed to investigate long-term survivals and toxicities of early-stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in endemic area, evaluating the role of chemotherapy in stage II patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Totally 187 patients with newly diagnosed NPC and restaged American Joint Committee on Cancer/ International Union Against Cancer 8th T1-2N0-1M0 were retrospectively recruited. All received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)±chemotherapy (CT) from 2001 to 2010. @*Results@#With 15.7-year median follow-up, 10-year locoregional recurrence-free survival, distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and overall survival (OS) were 93.3%, 93.5%, 92.9% and 88.2%, respectively. Multivariable analyses showed cervical lymph nodes positive and pre-treatment prognostic nutritional index ≥ 52.0 could independently predict DMFS (p=0.036 and p=0.011), DSS (p=0.014 and p=0.026), and OS (p=0.002 and p 45 years (p=0.002) and pre-treatment lactate dehydrogenase ≥ 240 U/L (p 0.05). Unsurprising, patients in IMRT+CT had more acute gastrointestinal reaction, myelosuppression, mucositis, late ear toxicity, and cranial nerve injury (all p < 0.05) than IMRT alone group. @*Conclusion@#Superior tumor control and satisfying long-term outcomes could be achieved with IMRT in early-stage NPC with mild late toxicities. As CT would bring more toxicities, it should be carefully performed to stage II patients.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922357

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#COVID-19 is also referred to as a typical viral septic pulmonary infection by 2019-nCoV. However, little is known regarding its characteristics in terms of systemic inflammation and organ injury, especially compared with classical bacterial sepsis. This article aims to investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis between COVID-19-associated sepsis and classic bacterial-induced sepsis.@*METHODS@#In this retrospective cohort study, septic patients with COVID-19 in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a government-designed therapy center in Shenzhen, China between January 14, 2020 and March 10, 2020, and septic patients induced by carbapenem-resistant klebsiella pneumonia (CrKP) admitted to the ICU of the Second People's Hospital of Shenzhen, China between January 1, 2014 and October 30, 2019 were enrolled. Demographic and clinical parameters including comorbidities, critical illness scores, treatment, and laboratory data, as well as prognosis were compared between the two groups. Risk factors for mortality and survival rate were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression and survival curve, respectively.@*RESULTS@#A total of 107 patients with COVID-19 and 63 patients with CrKP were enrolled. A direct comparison between the two groups demonstrated more serious degrees of primary lung injury following 2019-nCoV infection (indicated by lower PaO@*CONCLUSION@#Critical COVID-19 shares clinical characteristics with classical bacterial sepsis, but the degree of systemic inflammatory response, secondary organ damage and mortality rate are less severe. However, following 2019-nCoV infection, the level of immunosuppression may be increased and thus induce in more death at the later stage of patients' hospitalstay.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Carbapenems , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Klebsiella , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Sepsis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921744

ABSTRACT

Rhizome rot disease is one of the main disease of planted Polygonatum kingianum. In this study, six strains of pathogenic fungus was isolated from P. kingianum samples with rhizome rot disease collected from six counties in Yunnan province. Its pathogenicity was confirmed by inoculation to healthy P. kingianum rhizome according to Koch's postulates. The colonies of the isolated fungi on potato dextrose agar(PDA) were orange with abundant crescentic conidia which were eseptate with a mean size of 19. 3-24. 9 μm×5. 2-5. 9 μm and a L/W ratio of 3. 4-4. 5. There was an oil ball in the center of the conidium. It's easy to see setae on PDA colony.The phylogenetic tree based on ITS, GAPDH, CHS-1, HIS3, ACT, and TUB2 sequences by maximum likelihood(ML) method indicated that the pathogenic fungus for P. kingianum rhizome rot disease was clustered into the clade of Colletotrichum spaethianum species complex, and was close to C. spaethianum. However, there were some differences in morphological and genetic characteristics between the pathogenic fungus and C. spaethianum. Therefore, the pathogenic fungus for rhizome rot disease of P. kingianum was identified as a new Colletotrichum species named C. kingianum. The disease spreads primarily due to the plantation of infected seedlings of P. kingianum. It is necessary to choose healthy seedlings and take rigorous disinfection measures for the disease prevention.


Subject(s)
China , Colletotrichum/genetics , Phylogeny , Polygonatum , Rhizome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920998

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of horizontal penetration needling combined with rizatriptan monobenzoate tablets, simple horizontal penetration needling and simple rizatriptan monobenzoate tablets for migraine without aura in acute stage.@*METHODS@#A total of 99 patients with migraine without aura in acute stage were randomized into an acupuncture plus medication group, an acupuncture group and a western medication group, 33 cases in each one. In the acupuncture group, horizontal penetration needling was applied once at Hanyan (GB 4) to Xuanli(GB 6), Shenting (GV 24) to Yintang (GV 29), Baihui (GV 20) to Qianding (GV 21), etc. for 2 h. In the western medication group, oral rizatriptan monobenzoate tablets for 10 mg were given once. In the acupuncture plus medication group, treatment of acupuncture combined with rizatriptan monobenzoate tablets were given, the application was the same as the acupuncture group and the western medication group. Before treatment and 0.5, 2, 24 h after treatment, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score was observed, the remission rate and the disappearance rate of migraine of 2, 24 h after treatment were compared in the 3 groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the VAS scores of each time point after treatment were decreased in the 3 groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Horizontal penetration needling combined with rizatriptan monobenzoate tablets have significant therapeutic effect on rapid analgesia and continuous analgesia for migraine without aura in acute stage, its effect is superior to simple horizontal penetration needling and simple rizatriptan monobenzoate tablets.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Migraine without Aura , Tablets , Treatment Outcome , Triazoles , Tryptamines
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912624

ABSTRACT

Objective:To comprehensively evaluate the input and output efficiency of scientific research in hospital by bootstrap data envelopment analysis, to provide useful information for optimization of scientific performance appraisal and hospital discipline development strategy.Methods:37 disciplines were included as decision making unit, input variables include research expenditure and number of research personnel, and output variables include number of science and technology awards, research projects, patent transfer, paper, composition, and academic influence. The bootstrap-DEA method was used to evaluate the efficiency of all DMUs.Results:The main of overall efficiency and pure technical efficiency in basic DEA model are 0.858 and 0.909, but are 0.804 and 0.853 in Bootstrap DEA model, the differences between two models have statistically significant ( P<0.001). There are 11 DMUs with an overall efficiency in 0.9~1.0, 14 DMUs in 0.8~0.9, 7 DMUs in 0.6~0.8, 5 DMUs lower than 0.6. There are 3 DMUs are increasing return to scale, 16 DMUs are constant return to scale, 18 DMUs are decreasing return to scale. No statistically significance was observed between different types of DMUs( P>0.05). There are 4 DMUs reveal input slacks in number of research staffs and 10 DMUs reveal output slacks. Conclusions:The results of Bootstrap-DEA are more accurate than the basic methods for the evaluation of the input-output efficiency of hospital scientific research, so that it is worth popularizing and applying. According to the evaluation results, the hospital management department and disciplines could optimize their discipline development strategies and put forward targeted improvement measurements.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911999

ABSTRACT

Mounting evidence indicates that oral health during pregnancy is associated with pregnancy outcomes and the oral health of the offspring. Pregnant women in China have a high prevalence of oral diseases, low attendance to oral health care, and an increased burden of untreated oral infectious diseases such as periodontitis and caries. A joint perinatal oral health program between obstetrics and stomatology may improve pregnant women's and their children's oral health outcomes. This paper briefly summarizes the current status of oral health care for pregnant women and the clinical practice in obstetrics and gynecology related to stomatology in China. It provides future perspectives on the potential role of obstetricians and gynecologists in promoting oral health care through developing an interdisciplinary care model.

8.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 739-748, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911897

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and involved mechanism of naringenin on acute kidney injury (AKI) induced by ischemia-reperfusion (IR).Methods:The IR-AKI rat model was constructed using the classic bilateral renal pedicle clamping method, then renal function and pathological change were assessed, as well as inflammation-associated genes were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. The hub genes were selected through differential gene analysis and protein-protein interaction network analysis, and their transcription factors were predicted, which constructed a protein library together. The proteins binding to naringenin were selected by reverse molecular docking analysis and further their binding patterns were predicted to explore the mechanism of naringenin. Finally, the results of bioinformatics were verified by experimental methods.Results:Compared with the AKI group, the kidney pathology of the rats in the naringenin pretreatment group was significantly improved, and the renal tubular injury score was reduced ( P<0.01); meanwhile the serum creatinine level and the mRNA expression of the kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) were significantly decreased (both P<0.05). Compared to sham group, IR-AKI increased the level of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β (all P<0.05), which reversed by naringenin indicated that naringenin inhibited inflammation in IR-AKI. Differential gene analysis was performed on the GSE98622 data set, and 359 differential genes were obtained. In reverse molecular docking, the proteins with smallest binding energy including NFKBIA, BCL3, NFKB2 and RELA were considered to be related to the preventive effect of naringenin, which were mainly enriched in NF-κB-related inflammation pathways. Domain functional analysis of NF-κB-related genes showed that naringenin could stably bind to its key domain. According to quantitative real-time PCR results, naringenin increased BCL3 level after AKI ( P<0.05), and further decreased the expression level of RELA and NFKB2 (both P<0.05). Conclusion:Naringenin protects IR-AKI by alleviating inflammation, and its mechanism is related to increasing BCL3 and thereby inhibiting the NF-κB pathway.

9.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1128-1133, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911846

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of metagenomics next generation sequencing of cerebrospinal fluid in the diagnosis test of the pathogen of neurobrucellosis.Methods:Medical records of neurobrucellosis patients who were admitted to Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from May 2017 to February 2021 were reviewed. Seven patients who underwent cerebrospinal fluid metagenomics next generation sequencing were enrolled. Their clinical characteristics, cerebrospinal fluid results, serological and pathogenic results were analyzed.Results:Among the seven neurobrucellosis patients, including five males and two females, the age was from 21 to 49 [38 (24, 47)] years. Three patients had a history of exposure to cattle and sheep. The duration from onset to diagnosis was 2 to 30 [12 (5, 18)] months. The main neurological manifestations were headache for seven patients, loss of hearing for three patients, paralysis for four patients and urinary and fecal dysfunction for four patients. The blood tests showed that the rose bengal test was positive in three of seven patients, Brucella serum agglutination test was positive in four of six patients, and the blood culture was negative in four patients. The cerebrospinal fluid tests showed that rose bengal test was positive in one of five patients, Brucella serum agglutination test was positive in two of four patients, and the cerebrospinal fluid culture was positive in two of five patients. Cerebrospinal fluid metagenomics next generation sequencing was positive for Brucella in five patients.Conclusions:Comparing with the cerebrospinal fluid Brucella serum agglutination test and cerebrospinal fluid culture, cerebrospinal fluid metagenomics next generation sequencing is sensitive to the diagnosis of neurobrucellosis. It is recommended to perform cerebrospinal fluid metagenomics next generation sequencing in patients with clinically suspected neurobrucellosis or central nervous system infections of which the pathogen cannot be confirmed.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911625

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in the treatment of obesity with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).Methods:The clinical data of 115 obese patients with NAFLD who underwent LSG surgery at Beijing Tiantan Hospital were analyzed.Results:LSG was successful in a 115 patients, and the body weight and BMI decreased gradually, and were significantly lower than the preoperative level (all P<0.001). EWL% increased and was 73.1%±30.1% at 12 months after operation. The postoperative triglyceride level decreased and was significantly lower than the preoperative level (all P<0.05). Most patients were complicated with abnormal liver function before surgery, and ALT, AST and GGT levels decreased to the normal range 3 months after surgery (all P<0.05). Albumin level was significantly higher 3 months after operation than before operation ( P<0.001). At 12 months postoperatively, the severity grade of fatty liver on ultrasound was significantly lower than that before surgery ( P<0.001). Conclusion:Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy can significantly improve lipid metabolism index, liver function index and fatty liver index in NAFLD patients along with weight loss .

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1401-1406, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the demographic and clinical characteristics of elderly inpatients with osteoporotic femoral neck fractures(OFNF).Methods:Clinical data of 1 227 patients with OFNF treated at the department of orthopedics of Beijing Hospital from January 2010 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 377 male and 850 female patients.Ten-year trends in the OFNF constituent ratio, patient age, average length of stay and hospitalization expenses were examined, and differences in demographic and clinical characteristics between different genders were analyzed.Results:From 2010 to 2017, the constituent ratio of OFNF patients increased each year, and the number of OFNF patients decreased slightly in 2018 and 2019.The age of onset in both male and female patients was the highest at the ages of 80-89(46.8% or 574/1 227). In the distribution of educational level, people with no education made up the highest proportion(36.7% or 450/1 227). The seasonal distribution of the disease was the highest in autumn(27.8% or 341/1 227). The constituent ratio of urban areas was higher than that of rural areas(54.6% or 670/1 227 vs.45.4% or 557/1 227). In the distribution of fracture types, the constituent ratio of 31-B2 fractures was the highest in both male and female patients.Of the causes of injury, the constituent ratio of falls and indoor activities was the highest.Hypertension, spinal degenerative diseases and knee and hip osteoarthritis ranked in the top three of concomitant diseases.The constituent ratio of previous fractures in females was significantly higher than that in males.In the past ten years, the average hospitalization length of OFNF patients showed a downward trend, and the change in average hospitalization cost showed abrupt fluctuations.From 2009 to 2016, the hospitalization cost showed an upward trend, with the highest in 2016, and then decreased year by year. Conclusions:In the past ten years, the number and constituent ratio of OFNF patients increased steadily in the first eight years, but decreased slightly or reached a plateau in the past two years.The education level, history of bone fractures, hypertension, spinal degenerative diseases and knee and hip osteoarthritis of OFNF patients were correlated with sex, while age distribution, seasonal distribution, urban and rural distribution, cause of injury, fracture classification and other concomitant diseases were not correlated with sex.In the past ten years, the average hospitalization length of OFNF patients trended downward, the average hospitalization cost showed an upward trend from 2009 to 2016, and decreased year by year after 2016.The medical policy reform in 2016 played a significant role in controlling medical expenses.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 926-931, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910943

ABSTRACT

Seasonal blood pressure variation is common in elderly patients with hypertension and is associated with stroke and mortality.Therefore, monitoring seasonal blood pressure variation and taking effective measures to keep blood pressure stable are of great significance for reducing the stroke burden.This article reviews research progress in recent years on the correlation of seasonal blood pressure variation with stroke, in order to provide new insights on the research and treatment of seasonal blood pressure variation in elderly patients with hypertension.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 770-773, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910915

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effectiveness of vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures in the elderly aged 90 years and over.Methods:Clinical data of 64 elderly patients aged 90 years and over who had undergone percutaneous vertebroplasty for vertebral compression fractures between January 2015 and January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.Changes in preoperative and postoperative pain, intraoperative bone cement leakage, postoperative pneumonia, bedsores, urinary tract infections, lower extremity venous thrombosis and changes in preoperative and postoperative physical mobility were evaluated.Pain scores, physical mobility scores, bone cement extravasation and complications such as re-fractures of the vertebral body, postoperative pneumonia, bedsores, urinary tract infections and thrombosis were recorded before surgery, 3 and 30 days after surgery.Results:The visual analogue scale(VAS)scores of 64 patients before surgery, 3 and 30 days after the procedure were 8.34±1.12, 2.17±1.45 and 1.83±1.15, retrospectively( F=540.876, P<0.01). The physical mobility scores before surgery, 3 and 30 days after the procedure were 2.83±0.94, 1.59±0.70 and 1.39±0.60, retrospectively( F=65.492, P<0.01). There were 18 cases(28.13%)of bone cement leakage during surgery, 4 cases(6.25%)of pneumonia within 30 days after surgery, 9 cases(14.06%)of urinary tract infections, 3 cases(4.69%)of lower extremity venous thrombosis, 1 case(1.56%)of bedsores, and 2 cases(3.13%)of vertebral re-fractures after surgery.No patient died during the 30-day follow-up. Conclusions:Percutaneous vertebroplasty can reduce pain and improve physical mobility and is an effective and safe minimally invasive treatment for elderly patients with spinal compression fractures aged 90 years and over.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910628

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop and validate a preoperative prediction model based on laboratory parameters in differentiating intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:Data from 833 patients with primary liver cancers treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between January 2016 and May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 652 males and 181 females, aged (59.0±11.1) years, with 649 patients diagnosed to have HCC and 184 patients ICC. Based on the different admission time, they were divided into a development cohort ( n=577) and a validation cohort ( n=256). Logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent differential factors which were then included in the nomogram. The discrimination and calibration ability of the nomogram were evaluated by using concordance indexes (C-index) and calibration curves. Results:Female ( OR=4.989, 95% CI: 2.547-9.772), hepatitis B surface antigen positivity ( OR=0.144, 95% CI: 0.074-0.279), α-fetoprotein (21-399 ng/ml, OR=0.142, 95% CI: 0.072-0.283; ≥400 ng/ml, OR=0.023, 95% CI: 0.006-0.095), carcinoembryonic antigen (>4.7 ng/ml, OR=2.667, 95% CI: 1.352-5.261) and carbohydrate antigen 199 >39 ng/ml ( OR=11.019, 95% CI: 5.739-21.159) were independent differential factors for ICC. A nomogram was established by incorporating these 5 factors. The C-indexes were 0.942 (95% CI: 0.919-0.965) and 0.949 (95% CI: 0.914-0.985) in the development and validation cohorts, respectively. Calibration curves showed good agreement between the predicted risk by the nomogram and real outcomes. Conclusion:In this study, a preoperative nomogram for differential diagnosis between ICC and HCC was established. The model could aid clinicians in clinical treatment decision making.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the heterogeneity of behavioral problems and cognitive function of three subtypes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD), and to analyze the related factors of cognitive function.Methods:The outpatients with ADHD were evaluated by Wechsler children′s intelligence test (C-WISC), SNAP-Ⅳ parental rating scale (SNAP-Ⅳ), Conners parental symptom questionnaire (PSQ) and 12 online cognitive function tests. The differences of behavioral problems and cognitive function of children with different subtypes of ADHD, and the correlation between their intelligence level, PSQ, SNAP-Ⅳ and cognitive function were compared by SPSS 22.0 software.Results:The results of PSQ questionnaire showed that ADHD-C ((1.11±0.59), (1.59±0.58), (1.62±0.50)) had higher behavior problems, impulse-hyperactivity and hyperactivity index than ADHD-I ((0.64±0.27), (1.01±0.54), (1.09±0.32)) and ADHD-HI ((0.75±0.35), (1.22±0.58), (1.05±0.38)) ( F=9.374, F=7.644, F=15.176, P<0.05), while ADHD-C (2.01±0.55) had higher learning problems than ADHD-I (1.66±0.58) and ADHD-HI (1.16±0.43) ( F=11.709, P<0.05). In terms of cognitive function, there were differences in language understanding ability, digital reasoning ability, sequence relationship and short-term memory ability ( χ2=6.734, 7.192, 7.822, 8.646, all P<0.05) among the three groups of ADHD children. ADHD-HI (4.00(4.00, 5.00), 5.00(4.25, 6.00), 5.00(4.00, 7.00)) had better language understanding ability, digital reasoning ability and sequence relationship than ADHD-I (3.00(2.00, 5.00), 3.00(2.50, 6.00), 4.00(3.00, 5.50)). The short-term memory ability of ADHD-HI (5.00(4.00, 6.00)) and ADHD-C (5.00(4.00, 6.00)) were better than that of ADHD-I (4.00(3.00, 5.00)). The intellectual structure of ADHD children was positively correlated with spatial cognitive ability, sequential relationship, Raven reasoning test, short term memory span and Wisconsin card sorting test ( r=0.25-0.57, all P<0.05). Children′s learning problems and psychosomatic problems were negatively correlated with their digital comprehension ability ( r=-0.26, -0.25, both P<0.05). Conclusion:The behavioral problems and cognitive function of children with different subtypes of ADHD are different and have a certain correlation.

16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 51-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862775

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application prospect of the most extensive genome engineering pig internationally in preclinical xenotransplantation. Methods Porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) knockout combined with 3 major heterologous antigen gene knockouts and 9 humanized genes for inhibition of complement activation, regulation of coagulation disorders, anti-inflammatory and anti-phagocytosis were transferred into a pig (PERV-KO/3-KO/9-TG) as a donor, and the heart, liver and kidney were obtained and transplanted to 3 Rhesus macaque recipients respectively to establish a preclinical research model of pig-to-Rhesus macaque xenotransplantation. The functional status of xenografts after blood flow reconstruction was observed and the survival of recipients was summarized. The hemodynamics of xenografts were monitored. The change of hematological indexes of each recipient was compared. The histopathological manifestation of xenografts was observed. Results After the blood flow was reconstructed, all xenografts showed ruddy color, soft texture and good perfusion. The transplant heart, liver and kidney showed full arterial and venous blood flow and good perfusion at 1 d after operation. The postoperative survival time of heart, liver, and kidney transplant recipients was 7, 26, and 1 d, respectively. The levels of creatine kinase, creatine kinase isoenzyme, and lactate dehydrogenase increased in heart transplant recipient at 1 d after operation, and gradually recovered to near normal levels at 6 d after operation. All indexes increased sharply at 7 d after operation. The level of aspartate aminotransferase increased in liver transplant recipients at 2 d after operation, and the alanine aminotransferase basically returned to normal at 10 d after operation, but the total bilirubin continued to increase. Both aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase increased at 12 d after operation, and reached a peak at 15 d after operation. The kidney transplant recipient developed mild proteinuria at 1 d after operation, and died of sudden severe arrhythmia. Histopathology showed that the tissue structure of cardiac and renal xenografts was close to normal, and liver xenografts presented with patchy necrosis, the liver tissue structure was disordered, accompanied by inflammatory damage, interstitial hemorrhage and thrombotic microangiopathy. Conclusions PERV-KO/3-KO/9-TG pig shows advantages in overcoming hyperacute rejection, mitigating humoral rejection and coagulation dysregulation. However, whether it can be used as potential donor for clinical xenotransplantation needs further evaluation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879111

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed through field experiments to study the effect of combined application of organic and chemical fertilizers on the growth and quality of Salvia miltiorrhiza, provide ideas for reducing fertilization while increasing the efficiency as well as improving the quality of produces. The experiment included 6 treatments viz., no fertilization(CK), full application of chemical fertilizer(F), 25% orga-nic fertilizer with 75% chemical fertilizer(M25), 50% organic fertilizer with 50% chemical fertilizer(M50), 75% organic fertilizer with 25% chemical fertilizer(M75), and fully apply organic fertilizer(M100). The results showed that:(1)from the perspective of yield and economic benefits, M75 was the best and M100 second;(2)for effective components, the combined application of organic and chemical fertilizers increased the content of main water-soluble components and the total content of effective components, among which M25 and M50 were better.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Fertilizers/analysis , Nitrogen , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Soil
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879108

ABSTRACT

Nitrogen fertilizers play an important role in the regulation of plant stress resistance. Impacts of nitrogen fertilizers on abiotic stress resistance and biotic stress resistance of Chinese materia medica(CMM) were summarized in this study. Adequate nitrogen application improves the abiotic stress resistance and weed resistance of CMM, however adverse effect appears when excess nitrogen is used. Generally, pest resistance decreases along with nitrogen deposition, while effects of nitrogen application on disease resistance vary with different diseases. Mechanisms underlying the impact of nitrogen fertilizers on plant stress resistance were also elucidated in this study from three aspects including physical defense mechanisms, biochemistry mechanisms and molecular defense mechanisms. Nitrogen availability modulates physical barrier of CMM like plant growth, formation of lignin and wax cuticle, and density of stomata. Growth of CMM promoted by nitrogen fertilizer may cause some decrease in pest resistance of CMM due to an increase in hiding places for pest along with plant growth. High ambient humidity caused by excessive plant growth facilitates the growth and development of CMM pathogen. Nitrogen application can also interfere with the accumulation of lignin in CMM which makes CMM more vulnerable to pest and pathogen attack. Stomatal closing delays due to nitrogen application is also a causal factor of increasing pathogen infection after nitrogen deposition. Biochemical defenses of plants are mainly achieved through nutrient elements, secondary metabolites, defense-related enzymes and proteins. Nutritional level of CMM and various antioxidant enzymes and resistance-related protein activities are elevated along with nitrogen deposition. These antioxidant enzymes can reduce the damage of reactive oxygen species content produced by plant in response to adversity and therefore enhance stress resistance of CMM. Researches showed that nitrogen application could also cause an increase in nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites content and a decrease in non-nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites content respectively. Nitrogen-mediated molecular defense mechanisms includes multiple plant hormones and nitric oxide signals. Plant hormones related to plant defense like salicylic acid, jasmonic acid and abscisic acid can be modulated by nitrogen application. Negative effect of nitrogen deposition was found on salicylic acid accumulation and the expression of related plant disease resistance genes. However, jasmonic acid level can be elevated by nitrogen. Nitric oxide signals constitute an important part of nitrogen mediated defense mechanisms. Nitric oxide signaling is related to many aspects of plant immunity. The roles of nitrogen fertilizers in CMM stress resistance are complex and may vary with different CMM varieties and environments. Further studies are urgently needed to provide a comprehensive understanding of how to improve stress resistance of CMM by using fertilizers.


Subject(s)
Abscisic Acid , China , Materia Medica , Nitrogen , Plant Growth Regulators
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879104

ABSTRACT

Ecological agriculture is a crucial way for agriculture of Chinese materia medica, which emphasizes the application of ecological principles in the cultivation of traditional Chinese medicine. While long-term intensive farming and modern chemical agriculture have threatened soil health, the sustainable development of ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica is constrained. No-til-lage can reduce both frequency and intensity of tillage. Compared with conventional agriculture, no-tillage can reduce soil disturbance, maintain no-tillage for a long or permanent period and keep mulching. The application of no-tillage has a long history. More and more studies have shown that no-tillage has many advantages over conventional tillage, and the ecological and economic benefits of no-tillage are particularly outstandingin long-term. The cultivation of Chinese medicinal materials adheres to the principle of not grabbing land from farmland, making full use of the soil resources under forests, mountains and wasteland. Reducing the risk of soil loss and sustai-nable utilization are the core issues in the process of new land cultivation. No-tillage application, which not only inherits the traditional Chinese concept of natural farming, but also integrates the laws of ecological agriculture, will become the core strategies of sustainable development of Chinese materia medica ecological agriculture. This study will introduce the basic concepts and development process of no-tillage, analyze their ecological benefits in ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica, and put forward their application strategies.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sustainable Development
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879005

ABSTRACT

Coptis chinensis is one of bulk traditional herbal medicines in China. In recent years, the occurrence of various diseases has caused great yield loss and quality reduction of C. chinensis, which has become an important threat of herbal medicine industry. Here we reviewed the symptoms, pathogens, epidemiology and control methods of 6 common diseases of C. chinensis including root rot, southern blight, violet root rot, leaf spot, powdery mildew, and anthracnose. This review aims at providing guidance for the disease diagnostic, pathogen identification, and control strategies of the diseases on C. chinensis, and facilitate the growth of traditional medicine industry.


Subject(s)
Basidiomycota , China/epidemiology , Coptis , Plants, Medicinal
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