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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1205-1208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992444

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors for complications of the retromandibular approach in patients with parotid gland posterior and lower pole tumors.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 140 patients with parotid posterior lower pole tumors admitted to the Xingtai Third Hospital from October 2019 to October 2021. They were divided into two groups based on whether complications occurred: the occurrence group and the non occurrence group. General data of the two groups of patients were collected, including age, gender, course of disease, previous surgical history, number of tumors, tumor length, resection range, facial nerve dissociation, tumor site resection frequency, and fascia preservation; Single factor and logistic multivariate analysis were conducted to determine the risk factors for complications of the posterior retromandibular approach in patients with parotid gland posterior and lower pole tumors.Results:A total of 140 patients with parotid gland posterior lower pole tumors underwent retromandibular approach treatment, with complications occurring in 38 cases (27.14%), including 7 cases of temporary facial paralysis, 10 cases of facial depression, 11 cases of Frey syndrome, 2 cases of fistula, and 8 cases of sensory abnormalities of the greater auricular nerve. Through logistic multivariate analysis, it was found that the number of tumors ≥ 2 ( OR=2.856), the resection range (total resection) ( OR=2.477), the number of surgeries ≥3 ( OR=5.637), facial nerve dissociation ( OR=3.526), and lack of fascia preservation ( OR=2.551) were all risk factors for postoperative complications in patients with parotid posterior pole tumors (all P<0.05). Conclusions:In clinical practice, relevant prevention and treatment measures should be formulated for these high-risk factors to reduce the incidence of postoperative complications.

2.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1252-1256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the laboratory diagnostic methods of Mycoplasma pneumonia(MP) and evaluate its clinical value.Methods:A prospective study.Throat swabs and double sera of children with MP infection were collected from December 2016 to January 2017 in Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University; throat swab samples of healthy children aged 3 to 5 in Chaoyang District, Beijing were collected from March to May 2017.Passive agglutination (PA) was used to detect the double serum.Taking the 4-fold increase or decrease of the specific antibody titer of the double serum as the gold standard, the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn, and the laboratory methods for detecting MP infection were compared and evaluated.Results:(1)A total of 93 children with MP infection were clinically diagnosed, including 42 males (45.2%) and 51 females (54.8%), with an average age of 5.5 years.Sixty cases (64.5%) of MP infection were diagnosed.There were 349 healthy children, 198 males and 151 females, with an average age of 4.3 years.The positive rate of throat swab culture was 0.6% (2 cases), and the positive rate of fluorescent quantitative PCR(qPCR) was 18.9% (66 cases). (2) The culture specificity was the highest (100.0%) and the sensitivity was the lowest (65.0%). PA and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to detect a single serum in the acute phase, the sensitivity was 71.7% and 86.5% respectively.ROC curve suggested that the current clinical diagnostic threshold MP specific antibody IgM ≥ 1∶160 was not the best diagnostic threshold.Molecular biological diagnostic methods were the most sensitive, RNA simultaneous and testing (SAT) was 85.0% and qPCR was 93.0%; while the specificity was low, 75.7% (SAT) and 63.6% (qPCR), respectively.(3) At the same time, MP nucleic acid (SAT, PCR) of throat swabs and a single serum (ELISA, PA) of children in acute phase were detected, the sensitivity was increased to 95.0%-100.0%, and the specificity was 63.6%-75.7%.Conclusions:Molecular biology is highly sensitive in diagnosing MP infection.It has asymptomatic infection or is carried after infection.Whether it needs treatment needs to be combined with clinical practice, when MP detection is positive.The detection of a single serum in the acute phase with a course of about 1 week has high sensitivity and is of reference value for the diagnosis of MP infection, but the diagnosis needs to be combined with clinical practice.The sensitivity and accuracy of detecting MP infection by single serological test combined with SAT in acute phase are higher than that by single application.

3.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 903-908, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the common bacteria in the oropharynx of children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) and its clinical significance.Methods:A total of 134 children with MPP who were hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Respiratory, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from December 2016 to June 2017 were selected as the research subjects, and 42 healthy children in the same hospital were selected retrospectively as the healthy control group during the same period.Fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction Taqman probe was used to detect common oropharyngeal bacteria[ Streptococcus pneumoniae(SP), Moraxella catarrhalis(CTA), Haemophilus influenza(HI)] for the enrolled children.Firstly, the bacterial detection rate of MPP children and healthy children was compared.Then, according to age(<1 years old, 1-<3 years old, 3-<6 years old and 6-14 years old), bacterial detection[Mycoplasma pneumoniae(MP), MP+ bacteria]and bacterial species(MP+ SP, MP+ CTA, MP+ HI), 134 children with MPP were divided into groups to compare.Moreover, the relevant clinical datas were retrospectively analyzed by rank sum test and chi- square test. Results:Among 134 children with MPP, 79 (58.96%) children were detected bacteria, and 17 (40.48%) children were detected bacteria among 42 healthy children, with statistically significant differences( χ2=4.404, P<0.05). Compared with the MP group, the level of white blood cell (WBC)[8.5(6.7, 12.0)×10 9/L vs.7.8(5.8, 9.3)×10 9/L, Z=-2.232], C reactive protein(CRP)[19.2(7.2, 35.0) mg/L vs.8.4(3.4, 24.6) mg/L, Z=-2.810], lactate dehydrogenase(LDH)[286(244, 365) U/L vs.250(210, 302) U/L, Z=-2.474] and the incidence of lobar pneumonia[40.51%(32/79 cases) vs.18.18%(10/55 cases), χ2=7.510], pleural effusion[13.92%(11/79 cases) vs.3.64%(2/55 cases), χ2=3.917], refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP)[34.18%(27/79 cases) vs.18.18%(10/55 cases), χ2=4.151] in MP+ bacteria group were higher; the course of fever[10(7, 12) d vs.8(6, 10) d, Z=-2.706] and duration of antibiotic use[16(13, 19) d vs.12(9, 16) d, Z=-3.747] in MP+ bacteria group were longer (all P<0.05). The level of WBC in MP+ SP group[12.20(7.80, 17.30)×10 9/L] was higher than that in MP+ HI group [6.75(5.37, 9.44)×10 9/L], and the differences were statistically significant( Z=11.574, P<0.05), and the incidence of lobar pneumonia in MP+ SP group [56.67%(17/30 cases)]was higher than that in MP+ CTA group [0(0/3 cases)]and MP+ HI group[18.75%(3/16 cases)], and the differences were statistically significant( χ2=9.770, P<0.05). Conclusions:Bacterial colonization or infection is more likely to occur in the oropharynx of children with MPP.When WBC, CRP, and LDH are significantly increased and the image shows a large consolidation or pleural effusion, it may indicate mixed bacterial infection, longer course of fever and higher incidence of RMPP, and the common mixed bacteria is SP.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1084-1087, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of the cannula under laparoscopy, percutaneous puncture cannula, and conventional surgery cannula for peritoneal dialysis.Methods:From May 3, 2015 to February 14, 2020, 87 patients with end-stage renal disease needing peritoneal dialysis in Ningbo Zhenhai People's Hospital were enrolled. These patients were divided into three groups including cannula under laparoscopy (23 cases), percutaneous puncture cannula (29 cases), and conventional surgery cannula (35 cases). The baseline characteristics, perioperative conditions (surgical time, post-surgical hospitalization time), the incidence of recent complications (abdominal hemorrhage, direct abdominal hemorrhage, incision pain, leakage, catheter shift, peritonitis), and long-term complications (catheter shift, peritonitis, hernia, thoracic and abdominal fistula, abdominal tube obstruction) among the three groups were compared.Results:Compared with the group of conventional surgery cannula, the operation time in the group of cannula under laparoscopy and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula were significantly shorter (minutes: 32.5±12.3, 28.9±11.8 vs. 61.3±15.4, both P < 0.05), the in-hospital stay in the group of cannula under laparoscopy and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula were reduced (days: 9.8±3.4, 9.2±2.6 vs. 10.7±3.2), but there was no statistical significance among the three groups ( P > 0.05). The incidence of abdominal bleeding, rectus abdominis bleeding, and incision pain in the group of cannula under laparoscopy and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula were significantly lower than those in the group of conventional surgery cannula [incidence of abdominal bleeding: 4.3% (1/23), 3.4% (1/29) vs. 22.9% (8/35), incidence of rectus abdominis bleeding: 4.3% (1/23), 3.4% (1/29) vs. 22.9% (8/35), incidence of incision pain: 8.7% (2/23), 10.3% (3/29) vs. 42.9% (15/35), all P < 0.01]. The difference between the group of cannula under laparoscopy and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula had no statistical significance. Compared with the group of conventional surgery cannula and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula, the incidence of catheter displacement in the group of cannula under laparoscopy was significantly reduced [4.3% (1/23) vs. 27.6% (8/29), 31.4% (11/35), both P < 0.05]. Compared with the group of conventional surgery cannula and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula, the incidence of catheter displacement in long-term complications in the group of cannula under laparoscopy was significantly reduced [4.3% (1/23) vs. 24.1% (7/29), 31.4% (11/35), both P < 0.05], however, the difference of that between the group of conventional surgery cannula and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula was not statistically significant. The incidence of hernia in the group of cannula under laparoscopy was significantly higher than that in the group of percutaneous puncture cannula or in the group of conventional surgery cannula [21.7% (5/23) vs. 3.4% (1/29), 2.8% (1/35), both P < 0.05], and all of that were umbilical hernia, however, the difference of that between the group of percutaneous puncture cannula and the group of conventional surgery cannula was not statistically significant. Conclusion:Compared with the traditional conventional surgical cannula placement methods, percutaneous puncture has the advantages of simple operation, short operation time, small trauma, but still cannot reduce the incidence of drift tube; laparoscopic peritoneal dialysis tube has the advantages of short operation time, small trauma and low catheter displacement rate, but increases the risk of umbilical hernia.

5.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 673-678, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908356

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of plastic bronchitis caused by severe mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in children, to find the risk factors for plastic bronchitis, and to provide references for judging the prognosis and comprehensively formulating treatment plans.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data(146 cases)of children with severe mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia who underwent bronchoscopy in the Department of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from January 2017 to December 2019.According to whether it was plastic bronchitis, all patients were divided into plastic bronchitis group(68 cases) and non-plastic bronchitis group(78 cases), and the gender, age, laboratory examination indicators, imaging characteristics and treatment of children were collected under the circumstances.The single factor with clinical significance and statistical significance would be subjected to multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:There were no significant differences in gender, age, heat duration, white blood cell count, C-reactive protein value, and interleukin-6 value between the two groups(all P>0.05). The percentage of neutrophils, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, D-dimer, number of cases of pleural effusion, length of hospital stay, and number of endoscopy in the plastic bronchitis group were higher than those in non-plastic bronchitis group, the number of right upper lobe consolidation cases was less than that in the non-plastic bronchitis group, and the differences were statistically significant( P<0.05). Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that pleural effusion( OR=4.898, 95% CI 2.195-10.926) and lactate dehydrogenase ( OR=1.051, 95% CI 1.003-1.101) were independent predictors of plastic bronchitis in children with severe mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. Conclusion:For children with severe mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia, if lung CT shows that the upper lobe of the non-right lung is uniformly compacted and complicated with pleural effusion, lactate dehydrogenase is significantly increased, and attention should be paid to the possibility of plastic bronchitis.Timely improvement of fiberoptic bronchoscopy may shorten the course of the disease and reduce the occurrence of complications.

6.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 615-618, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907289

ABSTRACT

Asthma is one of the most common diseases in childhood which is characterized by chronic airway inflammation.With the increasing incidence, the impact of asthma on children′s quality of life, family income and society economy becomes more and more nonnegligible, and people now pay more attention on the effective treatment of asthma.The aim of asthma treatment is to achieve symptom control and improve prognosis.In order to achieve this aim, the effective managemant of asthma is particularly important.The effective management includes monitoring quality of life, using of spirometry and asthma medications.This review discusses the management of children asthma.

7.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 652-657, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863038

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of children with atopic mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia and to provide evidence for the diagnosis and treatment of children with atopic mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia.Methods:One hundred and eighty cases of children diagnosed with mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from January 2018 to December 2018 were selected. According to whether they had atopic constitution, they were divided into atopic mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia(AMPP)group(84 cases)and non-atopic mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia(NAMPP)group(96 cases). The clinical data of age, sex, fever time, hospital stay, application time of macrolides, white blood cells, CRP, LDH, and lung CT were collected from the two groups, and the differences in clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations and imaging manifestations of the two groups were analyzed retrospectively.Results:(1)Both the absolute value of eosinophils and total IgE values in the AMPP group were higher than those in the NAMPP group, and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.05). The incidence of severe mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia(SMPP)and/or refractory mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia(RMPP)and chest imaging manifestations of interstitial pneumonia in the AMPP group was higher, and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.05). (2)The incidence of wheezing in the AMPP group was 48.81%(41 cases/84 cases), which was significantly higher than that in the NAMPP group 22.92%(22 cases/96 cases). The duration of cough and wheezing in the AMPP group was longer than that in the NAMPP group( P<0.05), with statistically significant differences( P<0.05). (3)In the AMPP group, 36.90%(31 cases /84 cases)of the children received intravenous methylprednisolone treatment, which was significantly higher than the 20.83%(20cases /96 cases)of the NAMPP group. Lung rales absorption time in the AMPP group[(9.73±3.59)d] was significantly longer than that in the NAMPP group[(7.52±2.44)d], and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.05). Lung CT examination showed that the absorption of lung inflammation in the AMPP group was worse than that in the NAMPP group, with a statistically significant difference( P<0.05). The hospitalization time of children in the AMPP group[(10.88±4.17)d] was longer than that in the NAMPP group[(9.68±2.68)d], with a statistically significant difference( P<0.05). Conclusion:The condition of AMPP is more serious than that of NAMPP, and it is more likely to cause incomplete absorption of pulmonary inflammation.

8.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 456-459, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692529

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of atomized budesonide on neonatal bronchopulmonary dysplasia after discharge from hospital to 6 months of gestational age correction.Methods Analyse clinical data of fifty children with BPD,observe the effects of atomized budesonide (0.5mg inhaled q12h,at least 4weeks,course(15.4 ±6.16) weeks.When wheezing or dyspnea occurred:1mg of budesonide and 1.25ml of albuterol and ipratropium bromide inhaled q12h,2 ~ 4weeks.When respiratory frequency,heart rate and blood oxygen saturation reached normal,three concave improved obviously,lung rale disappeared,gradually reduce to no treatment)improving the clinical symptoms of children with BPD in 6 months after discharge,and observe the effects of atomized budesonide on reducing respiratory tract infection (including upper respiratory tract infection,pneumonia,wheezing and hospitalization).Results Through budesonide aerosol therapy,respiratory frequency and heart rate of children with BPD could be reduced,blood oxygen saturation could be elevated,and three concave could be improved at corrected gestational age of 3 months and 6 months.(P < 0.05),and at 3 months of corrected gestational age,the mean therapy time in treatment group is(56.8 ±26.9) d,this shows that 4weeks'treatment of budesonide aerosol could improve clinical symptoms;Also with budesonide aerosol therapy,the time of oxygen inhalation after hospital could be shortened (P <0.05);but respiratory infection of children with BPD in 6 months after discharge could not reduced (P > 0.05).Conclusion The treatment of budesonide atomization can improve the clinical symptoms of children with BPD after discharge from hospital to 6 months of gestational age correction,improve oxygen and shorten the time of oxygen inhalation after hospital,cannot reduce the incidence of respiratory infection.

9.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 100-103, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692447

ABSTRACT

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common pathogen leading to pediatdc respiratory infection,which belongs to self-limited disease and has a great response to macrolide antibiotics.In recent years,the morbidity of pediatric severe/refractory mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia has been increasing.Some of the patients suffer sequelae,even die.This disease seriously threatens the health of children.This review will introduce the treatment of mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia including general therapy,antibiotics,immunosuppressor,fiber bronchoscope and traditional Chinese medicine.

11.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 241-244, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608596

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease,a type of intestinal chronic inflammatory disease caused by multi-factors,which include ulcerative colitis,Crohn's disease and inflammatory bowel disease unclassified.The morbidity of inflammatory bowel disease has been increasing by years with a younger age trend.Nowadays the pediatric inflammatory bowel disease is prevalent.Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease is different from adult at many aspects such as clinical manifestation,disease type,treatment,complications etc.It is because children are in a special condition with fast growth and development.This article will elaborate the current status of treatment and progresses of inflammatory bowel disease especially pediatric inflammatory bowel disease.

12.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 126-143, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357840

ABSTRACT

In this study we performed Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI), two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D- STI) and three-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (3D-STI) on enrolled healthy, overweight and obese groups (34 subjects in each group), respectively, to analyze cardiac structure and its function. Compared with healthy group, global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), global area strain(GAS) and global radial strain (GRS) decreased progressively (P < 0.05). The ratio of early diastolic mitral inflow velocity to global early diastolic strain rate of left ventricle (E/e'sr) (r = 0.466, P < 0.001), GLS (r = 0.502, P < 0. 001), GCS (r = 0.426, P < 0.001), GAS (r = 0.535, P < 0.001) and GRS (r = -0.554, P < 0.001) were correlated with body mass index (BMI). E/e'sr (r = 0.37, P = 0.003), GLS (r = 0.455, P < 0.001), GCS (r = 0.282, P = 0.02), GAS (r = 0.412, P < 0.001) and GRS (r = -0.471, P < 0.001) were correlated with free fatty acid (FFA). Stepwise multiple linear regression revealed that BMI was independently correlated with E/e'sr, GLS, GCS, GAS and GRS. Waist to hip ratio (WHR) was independently correlated with GLS, GCS, GAS and GRS. FFA was independently correlated with E/e'sr (P < 0.05). The study showed that cardiac structure changed and impaired left ventricular global systolic and diastolic function in overweight and obes population. Moreover, BMI, WHR and FFA may be independent influence factors of cardiac function in overweight and obese population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional , Heart , Heart Ventricles , Linear Models , Obesity , Overweight , Reproducibility of Results , Ventricular Function, Left
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2850-2859, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318524

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To review the experimental drugs for the treatment of autoimmune myocarditis.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>The literatures published in English about different kinds of experimental drugs based on different therapeutic mechanisms for the treatment of autoimmune myocarditis were obtained from PubMed from 2002 to 2013.</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>Original articles regarding the experimental drugs for treatment of autoimmune myocarditis were selected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>This study summarized the effects of the experimental drugs for the treatment of autoimmune myocarditis, such as immunomodulators and immunosuppressants, antibiotics, Chinese medicinal herbs, cardiovascular diseases treatment drugs, etc. These drugs can significantly attenuate autoimmune myocarditis-induced inflammation and fibrosis, alleviate autoimmune myocarditis-triggered overt lymphocyte proliferation, and meanwhile reduce Th1 cytokines (IFN-γ and IL-2) and increase Th2 cytokines (IL-4 and IL-10).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This study summarized recent advances in autoimmune myocarditis treatment and further proposes that traditional Chinese medicine and immune regulators will play important roles in the future.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Autoimmune Diseases , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Investigational , Therapeutic Uses , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Myocarditis , Drug Therapy , Therapies, Investigational
14.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 7487-7493, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437500

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Studies have found that the glass fiber splint which is embedded into the groove on the lingual surface of the affected tooth plus fluid resin fixation between the gap of mobile teeth can achieve more satisfactory clinical effects on the stabilization of loose front teeth. OBJECTIVE:To observe the clinical effects of glass fiber splints prepared using two tooth preparation methods on splinting loose front teeth and their debonding rate through a 5-year fol ow-up visit. METHODS:Ninety-four chronic periodontal disease patients, who had received periodontal treatment, were enrol ed in this study for their loose front teeth of degree II-III. Al the enrol ed patients were good candidates for periodontal splinting strictly in accordance with the indications for periodontal splinting. According to whether the fluid resin was used to seal the gap between the mobile teeth, the 96 patients were divided into two groups:patients undergoing glass fiber splint+fluid resin between the mobile teeth served as experimental group, and those only undergoing glass fiber splint as control group. Al the patients were fol owed by regular clinical referral or telephone fol ow-up for 5 year, to evaluate the fixed effects. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:During the 5 years of regular clinical referral or telephone fol ow-up, seven of the 76 cases and 12 of the 18 cases were found in the experimental and control groups, respectively, to have debonding between the abutment and the splint. Compared with the control group, the probing depth and attachment loss of affected teeth were improved significantly (P<0.05), and the percentage of alveolar bone height accounting for the root length increased significantly in the experimental group (P<0.05) after 5 years of fol ow-up. Patients in the experimental group felt comfortable without foreign body sensation. The results confirmed that the glass fiber splinting plus fluid resin fixation between the gap of mobile teeth was a better treatment for loose front teeth during the 5-year fol ow-up.

15.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 623-630, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of combined treatment with angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) on diabetic kidney disease.@*METHODS@#Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified from CoChrane library, PubMed, EMbase, CNKI and VIP. Eleven RCTs involving 602 patients were included and analyzed with Rev Man 5.1 software.@*RESULTS@#Compared with ACEI alone, combined treatment with ARB and ACEI was more effective on decreasing 24 h albuminuria, systolic pressure, average 24 h systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, and average 24 h diastolic pressure but with a high level of serum potassium. Compared with ARB alone, combined treatment with ARB and ACEI was more effective on decreasing systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. Compared with ACEI or ARB alone, we didn't get a definite conclusion that whether combined treatment with ARB and ACEI was more effective on decreasing 24 h proteinuria.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on this Meta analysis, combined treatment with ARB and ACEI is safer and has positive effect on diabetic kidney disease. However, small sample size and low methodological quality appeared in most of the trials included in this systematic review. Therefore, available evidence is insufficient to recommend a routine clinical application of combined treatment with ARB and ACEI on diabetic kidney disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Diabetic Nephropathies , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
16.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 765-770, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188465

ABSTRACT

Aspirin is a kind of anti-inflammatory drug and may be used to reverse hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and dyslipidemia by improving insulin resistance. We hypothesized that aspirin improves insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes by inhibiting hepatic nuclear factor kappa-beta (NF-kappaB) activation and serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control, untreated diabetic, diabetic treated with metformin (100 mg/kg/day), and diabetic treated with aspirin (120 mg/kg/day). Diabetes was induced by high-fat feeding and a low dose of streptozotocin (30 mg/kg). After treatment, plasma glucose, insulin, lipids, free fatty acids (FFAs) concentrations and serum TNF-alpha were determined. The expression of NF-kappaB in hepatocytes was analyzed by immunohistochemistry and western blot. The results showed administration of aspirin caused no significant lowering in fasting glucose level but significant reduction of hepatic NF-kappaB expression and serum TNF-alpha level with improved insulin resistance compared to the diabetic group. The relevant analysis showed positive correlation between the expression of homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and NF-kappaB (r = 0.799, P < 0.01); HOMA-IR and serum TNF-alpha (r = 0.790, P < 0.01). It is concluded that aspirin improves insulin resistance by inhibiting hepatic NF-kappaB activation and TNF-alpha level in streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetic rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Aspirin/pharmacology , Blood Glucose/analysis , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/blood , Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/blood , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Insulin/blood , Insulin Resistance , Liver/metabolism , Metformin/therapeutic use , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood
17.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 13-18, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404261

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of cochinchina momordica seed ethanol extract (CMSEE) on the proliferation of melanoma B16 cells and the underlying mechanism. Methods: MTT and clone formation assay were used to assess the effect of CMSEE on the growth of B16 cells. Morphological changes of B16 cells were observed under phase-contrast microscope and Giemsa staining. Cell cycle and apoptosis rate were examined by flow cytometry (FCM). The effect of CMSEE on melanin production and tyrosinase activity of B16 cells was assessed by colorimetry. The effect of CMSEE on the expression of C-myc, P38, and Tyr genes was examined by RT-PCR. Results: CMSEE (10-100 mg/L) inhibited the proliferation of B16 cell in a dose-and time-dependent manner. After treatment with 10-40 mg/L CMSEE, B16 cells showed typical differentiation morphology, and melanin production and tyrosinase activity were increased. B16 cells treated with 100 mg/L CMSEE showed apoptotic morphology, decreased melanin production and tyrosinase activity. B16 cell number in G_0/G_1 phase was significantly increased (P<0.01); C-myc mRNA expression was down-regulated, and P38, Try mRNA expression was up-regulated in B16 cells after treatment with 10-40 mg/L CMSEE. Conclusion: CMSEE can markedly inhibit the proliferation of melanoma B16 cells, which is related to induction of differentiation and promotion of apoptosis of B16 cells.

18.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 39-40, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391163

ABSTRACT

Objective To know the influence of psychological nursing on depression of patients with hypokalemic periodic paralysis.Methods Evaluated the mental condition by SDS for 46 patients with hypokalemic periodic paralysis and 30 health control, and then carried out certain psychological nursing measures for patients.Divided 46 patients with hypokalemic periodic paralysis into the intervention group and the control group randomly.There were 23 cases in each group.Psychological nursing cares and routine cares was used in the two group respectively, and then compared the incidence rate of depression in the two groups.Results The negative emotion in the patients with hypokalemie periodic paralysis was significant more obvious than that of in the health control.After the psychological nursing intervention, the SDS scores in the intervention group was released significantly than themselves before the intervention and the scores in the control group in the same time.Conclusions Depression was a common phenomenon in patients with hypokalemic periodic paralysis, characteristic psychological nursing intervention can effective release this kind of negative emotion, and then improve their rehabilitation.

19.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1066-1067, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389423

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the result of different method of airway humidification in cerebral infarction patients after tracheotomy. Methods 60 cerebral infarction patients after tracheotomy were divided into experiment group and control group randomly. 0.45% normal sodium was dropt with infusion pump consistently to humidify airway in experiment group and liquid was dropt with injector every 30 ~ 60 minutes in control group. Cough, sputum crusts,mucosa bleeding and pulmonary infection were compared between two groups. Result Therapeutic effect of experiment group was significantly better than control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion 0. 45% normal sodium been dropted with infusion pump consistently to humidify airway could reduce the incidence of sputum crusts and pulmonary infection, prevent cough and mucosa bleeding obviously.

20.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1092-1095,1099, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597505

ABSTRACT

Objective:Effect of ICA (Icariin) was observed on immunosuppression mice caused by Cyclophosphamide(Cy).Methods:A total of 60 mice,expect control group mice,were injected Cy intraperitoneally [300 mg/(kg·d)],then randomly divided into modelgroup(saline),positive (shenqi,1 ml/d)groups,ICA groups[150,80,40 mg/(kg·d)].Saline,shenqi and ICA were perfused respectively for 10 successive days;All mice were sacrificed after 12 h of last administration for performing following experiments.Measuring SI and TI and calculating amounts of lymphocyte from spleen and peripheral blood;Proliferative reaction of splenic lymphocyte stimulated by ConA and LPS were detected by MTT assays.Killing activity of NK and CTL cells for colon26 and level of TNF-α production were measured by LDH method.Ratios of CD3~+ T and NKT in splenic lymphocyte (SPL) were studied by FACS.Results:ICA can recovery TI and SI of mice to normal level and boost the population of splenic lymphocyte (SPL) (P<0.01).After treatment with ICA,activities of NK cell and CTL cell were significantly improved,and the level of TNF-α was significantly elevated.The ratios of NKT and CD3+T in the ICA-treated group were increased obviously (P<0.01).Conclusion:ICA can enhance immunological function and alleviate the side effect of chemotherapy effectively.

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