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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 553-556, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873782

ABSTRACT

(±)-Bicoryanhunine B (1), a new dimeric benzylisoquinoline alkaloid was isolated from the dried tubers of Corydalis yanhusuo by various chromatographic methods, including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, reverse phase C18, and semi-preparative HPLC. Its structure was determined by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, ESI-MS, HR-ESI-MS and 1D/2D NMR. (±)-Bicoryanhunine B (1) was a moderate PD-1/PD-L1 interaction inhibitor with an IC50 value of 7.80 ± 0.49 μmol·L-1. In addition, 1 exhibited potent inhibitory activities against LPS-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages with an IC50 value of 4.83 ± 2.21 μmol·L-1.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922762

ABSTRACT

In a continuing search for biological natural products with structure diversity from traditional Chinese herbs, five new sesquineolignans (1-5) were isolated from an ethyl acetate extract of the twigs of Litsea cubeba. Their structures were elucidated based on MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data, as well as experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compounds 1-5 showed moderate inhibitory effects against LPS-induced NO production in RAW264.7 macrophages, with IC


Subject(s)
Litsea , Macrophages , Molecular Structure
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887957

ABSTRACT

A new phenolic acid ester, 4'-hydroxyphenylethyl 4,8(R)-dihydroxyphenylpropionate(1), was isolated from an endophytic fungus Colletotrichum capsici of Paeonia lactiflora roots, along with eight known phenolic derivatives, tyrosol(2), 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl) ethyl acetate(3), methyl p-hydroxyphenylacetate(4), methyl m-hydroxyphenylacetate(5), 4-(4-hydroxyphene-thoxy)-4-oxobutanoic acid(6), 4-hydroxyphenethyl methyl succinate(7), trichodenol B(8) and 4-hydroxyphenethyl 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl) acetate(9). Their structures were identified by a combination of high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry(HR-ESI-MS), nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) spectroscopy, ultraviolet(UV) spectroscopy and electronic circular dichroism(ECD) spectroscopy. Compounds 2-9 were isolated from this fungus for the first time.


Subject(s)
Colletotrichum , Esters , Hydroxybenzoates , Paeonia
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1096-1099, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886997

ABSTRACT

Bidehydrocorydaline A (1), a new dimeric alkaloid of proberberine connected by a methylenedioxy group, was isolated from the vinegar-prepared Corydalis yanhusuo by various chromatographic methods, including column chromatography over macroporous adsorption resin and silica gel, reverse-phase MPLC, and semi-preparative HPLC. Its structure was determined by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR. Bidehydrocorydaline A (1) showed potent inhibitory activity against LPS-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages, with an IC50 value of 2.33 ± 0.57 μmol·L-1.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878890

ABSTRACT

According to human carboxylesterase 2(hCE2) inhibitors reported in the literature, the pharmacophore model of hCE2 inhibitors was developed using HipHop module in Discovery Studio 2016. The optimized pharmacophore model, which was validated by test set, contained two hydrophobic, one hydrogen bond acceptor, and one aromatic ring features. Using the pharmacophore model established, 5 potential hCE2 inhibitors(CS-1,CS-2,CS-3,CS-6 and CS-8) were screened from 20 compounds isolated from the roots of Paeonia lactiflora, which were further confirmed in vitro, with the IC_(50) values of 5.04, 5.21, 5.95, 6.64 and 7.94 μmol·L~(-1), respectively. The results demonstrated that the pharmacophore model exerted excellent forecasting ability with high precision, which could be applied to screen novel hCE2 inhibitors from Chinese medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Carboxylesterase/metabolism , Humans , Hydrogen Bonding , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify differentiation related miRNA and evaluate roles of miRNA during ATRA induced myeloid differentiation.@*METHODS@#The small RNA sequencing was used to analyze differential expressed miRNAs in ATRA induced NB4 cells. Then the several up or down-regulated miRNA were selected as the research candidates. SgRNAs targeting the genome of each miRNA were designed and NB4 cells with inducible expression of Cas9 protein were generated. After transduced sgRNA into NB4/Cas9 cells, the mutation level by PCR and surveyor assay were evaluated. The cell differentiation level was investigated by surface CD11b expression via flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#A total of 410 mature miRNAs which expressed in NB4 cells were detected out after treated by ATRA, 74 miRNAs were up-regulated and 55 were down-regulated miRNAs with DNA cleavage generated by CRISPR/Cas9 was assayed directly by PCR or surveyor assay, quantitative PCR showed that the expression of miRNA was downregulated, which evaluated that gene edition successfully inhibitied the expression of mature miRNA. MiR-223 knockout showed the myeloid differentation of NB4 significantly inhibitied, while miRNA-155 knockout showed the myeloid differentation of NB4 cells significantly increased.@*CONCLUSION@#CRISPR/Cas9 is a powerful tool for gene editing and can lead to miRNA knockout. Knockouts of miR-223 and miR-155 have shown a differentiation-related phenotype, and the potential mechanism is the integrative regulation of target genes.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems , Cell Differentiation , Gene Editing , MicroRNAs/genetics , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Tretinoin
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781222

ABSTRACT

Purpurolides D-F (1-3), three new polyoxygenated bergamotanes bearing a 6/4/5/5 tetracyclic ring system, were isolated from the endophytic fungus Penicillium purpurogenum IMM 003. Their structures were unambiguously elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic data analyses, C NMR chemical shifts calculations coupled with the DP4+ probability method, and the calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compounds 1-3 showed significant inhibitory activity against pancreatic lipase (PL). The result highlights that the presence of 3-hydroxylated decanoic acid moiety at C-14 is important for increasing the inhibition potency against PL.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 134-138, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787656

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinicopathological manifestations, molecular genetic, diagnostic histology and differential diagnosis of alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) in children. A total of 13 cases of ASPS diagnosed at Beijing Children's Hospital from August 2009 to November 2018 were collected. HE staining, histochemical staining for PAS and D-PAS, immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for TFE3, INI1 and CD68 and florescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for TFE3 gene translocation were performed. There were four males and nine females, age ranged from 1 year and 2 months to 13 years and 8 months (mean 7.8 years); and four patients were under 5 years old. Histologically, the tumors showed a distinctive and characteristic nested or organoid growth pattern (11 cases) or solid, diffuse growth (2 cases). The tumor cells possessed abundant eosinophilic, or glycogen-rich and clear to vacuolated cytoplasm. The chromatin was relatively dispersed, with prominent and pleomorphic nucleoli; mitotic figures were rare. Vascular invasion was frequently seen. IHC staining showed specific nuclear TFE3 staining. The tumor cells were also positive for INI1,CD68 and vimentin; but were negative for MyoD1, Myogenin, CK and S-100 protein. Seven cases showed PAS and D-PAS staining, with fuchsia acicular or rod-shaped crystals in tumor cytoplasm. Nine cases showed TFE3 break-apart signals by FISH. ASPS is a rare soft tissue sarcoma in children. Compared with ASPA in adults, it has both similarities and unique clinicopathologic characteristics. The diagnosis needs to be confirmed by combining clinical, pathologic, IHC and genetic testing.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878849

ABSTRACT

Chemical investigation on the constituents of the ethyl acetate soluble extraction of Litsea cubeba has resulted in the isolation and structure elucidation of thirty compounds, including one sesquiterpene(1), four monoterpenes(2-5), two γ-butyrolactone derivatives(6 and 7), seven tyramine derivatives(8-14), fifteen aromatic compounds(15-29), and one pyrone derivative(30) via various chromatographic techniques and spectroscopic data analysis(MS, IR, 1 D and 2 D NMR). Compounds 1-7, 13 and 14 were obtained from the genus Litsea for the first time.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Litsea , Monoterpenes , Sesquiterpenes
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878847

ABSTRACT

Pain is a complex, unpleasant feeling and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, and manifests itself in certain autonomous psychological and behavioral responses. The commonly used opioid and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics(NSAIDs) may cause adverse reactions to the kidney, liver, cardiovascular or gastrointestinal system and cause problems of drug abuse. Therefore, it is necessary to study new analgesic drugs with less side effects and significant analgesic effects. A variety of natural products derived from terrestrial plants, microorganisms, marine organisms and fungi have been an important source of clinical medicines and provide an inexhaustible resource for the development and innovation of modern medicines. Therefore, this paper mainly reviews the natural non-alkaloids with analgesic activity in order to provide reference for the research and development of analgesic drugs derived from natural products.


Subject(s)
Analgesics/therapeutic use , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Humans , Pain/drug therapy
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878846

ABSTRACT

Pain is a protective defense response of the body to harmful stimuli. Long-term pain not only seriously affects the body of the patient and brings great pain to the patient, but also brings huge economic burden to the patient's family and society. It has become one of the most serious problems affecting human health. At present, opioids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs) are commonly used as painkillers, but they tend to cause a variety of adverse reactions or risk of addiction. To find and develop new analgesic drugs, which are safer and more effective, has become the hot spot and difficulty in medical research. A variety of alkaloids derived from terrestrial plants, microorganisms, marine organisms and fungi have been an important source of clinical analgesic medicines. Various alkaloids have been proved to have good analgesic effects, such as morphine and the related to opioids, the main analgesic active components from Corydalis Rhizoma and Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata. Here we summarized the research progress of natural alkaloids with analgesic activity, in order to provide reference for the research and development of analgesic drugs based on natural products.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Alkaloids , Analgesics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Rhizome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690381

ABSTRACT

Dihydrochelerythrine was isolated from the ethanol extract of Corydalis yanhusuo by chromatographic and recrystallization techniques. To our knowledge, this is the first report that dihydrochelerythrine was found to be unstable. The NMR, HPLC, and LC-MS were applied to monitor the structural conversion process of dihydrochelerythrine. The results showed that when dissolved in polar deuteration solvent (e.g., DMSO-₆ & MeOD), dihydrochelerythrine is directly converted to chelerythrine gradually. However, if used non-polar reagent (e.g.,CD₂Cl₂), the sample of dihydrochelerythrine undergoes the formation of pseudobase, chelerythrine, and bimolecular ether then followed by oxidation to oxychelerythrine as the major final product. Which leads to this phenomenon maybe is that the C-6 in dihydrochelerythrine is highly reactive to nucleophiles, and is easily converted to different derivatives in different solvents attributed to the solvent effect. This finding will contribute to the extraction and isolation, bioactivity screening, and quality evaluation of medicinal materials containing dihydrochelerythrine and other similar derivatives.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687361

ABSTRACT

Nineteen compounds were isolated from the water-soluble extract of the dry roots of Paeonia lactiflora by using various chromatographic techniques. Their structures were identified by MS, NMR and other spectroscopic analysis as paeoniflorin(1), 4--ethylpaeoniflorin(2), 2'--benzoylpaeoniflorin(3), benzoylpaeoniflorin(4), 4"-hydroxy-benzoyloxypaeoniflorin(5), moudanpioside C(6), 6'--benzoyl-4"-hydroxy-3"-methoxy-paeoniflorin(7), paeoniflorin B(8), 6--benzoylalbiflorin(9), secoisolariciresinol (10), (+)-lyoniresinol(11), dihyrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol(12), ()-threo-7,9,9'-trihydroxy-3,3'-dimethoxy-8--4'-neolignan(13), (+)-neo-olivil (14), [()-5-methyl-2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-3-yl]methanol(15), 5-hydroxy--hydroxymethyl-6-methyl-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran(16), (+)-()-2-hydroxy-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-propan-1-one(17), (+)-(2)-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-propanol(18), (+)-()-()-4-hydroxy-2-nonenoic acid(19). Compounds 15 and 18 are new natural products, while compounds 10, 11, 13, 14, 17 and 19 are isolated from the genus Paeonia for the first time.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665541

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation of patellar stability with age ,knee Kellgren-Lawrence grading and patellar Wiberg typing of adults with Kaschin-Beck disease (KBD) .Methods Through cross-sectional study , we asked 143 adult patients with KBD from several villages in Gansu Province to receive digital radiographic x-ray (DR) which included lateral slice of knee joint and axis slice of patellar .Meanwhile ,each patient had to undergo patellar stability measurement on the DR film which included some indexes such as Insall index , lateral patellofemoral angle ,sulcus angle ,congruence angle ,lateral migrating ratio of patella ,and patellofemoral index . Then ,all the participants were divided into four groups based on the patella Wiberg typing and three groups based on KBD clinical grading .Last ,we analyzed the correlation of patellar stability with patellar Wiberg typing ,clinical KBD grading ,and Kellgren-Lawrence grading of the patients by Spearman test .Results ① By ANOVA test on the patella Wiberg typing ,lateral patellofemoral angle decreased with increased level of patella Wiberg typing ,but congruence angle ,lateral migrating ratio of patella ,and patellofemoral index were increased with increased level of patella Wiberg typing . P values of the six indexes were all <0 .05 ,which indicated that these differences between groups were significant .By ANOVA test on the KBD clinical grading ,lateral patellofemoral angle decreased with increased level of KBD clinical grading ,but congruence angle ,lateral migrating ratio of patella ,sulcus angle ,and patellofemoral index increased with increased level of KBD clinical grading .Besides that P value of Insall index was>0 .05 , P value of the other five indexes were all <0 .05 ,which indicated these differences between groups were significant .② Spearman test :a strong correlation lay between Wiberg patellar typing and other indexes including age ,lateral patellofemoral angle ,congruence angle ,lateral migrating ratio of patella ,and patellofemoral index ( R=0 .684 ,0 .752 ,0 .582 ,0 .533 ,0 .735 , P< 0 .05) .However ,there was no correlation between Wiberg patellar typing and K-L photographical grading (R=0 .030 ,P>0 .05) .K-L grading was strongly correlated with age (R=0 .782 , P< 0 .05 ) , weakly correlated with lateral migrating ratio of patella ( R = 0 .104 , P> 0 .05 ) , but not correlated with the others ( R < 0 .1 , P> 0 .05 ) . Age was strongly correlated with K-L grading and lateral patellofemoral angle (R=0 .782 ,0 .506 ,P<0 .05) ,moderately correlated with congruence angle ,lateral migrating ratio of patella ,and patellofemoral index (R=0 .403 ,0 .361 ,0 .475 , P< 0 .05) ,but not correlated with Wiberg typing ,sulcus angle ,or Insall index ( R=0 .024 ,0 .074 ,0 .053 , P>0 .05) .Conclusion Patellar Wiberg typing is the key factor which influences latellar stability ;age has a limited influence ,while K-L grading does not affect patellar stability .

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 598-602, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779634

ABSTRACT

A new phomapyrone derivative (1), and 9 known compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of solid fermentation of Fusarium redolens, the endophytic fungus from Edgeworthia chrysantha, by using various isolation techniques such as Sephadex LH-20, MCI GEL and Semi pre-HPLC, etc. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic analysis, including MS, UV, CD, specific rotation, IR, 1D and 2D NMR, as (+)-7S-4-deoxy-9-hydroxyphomapyrone C (1), uracil (2), uridine (3), 2'-deoxyuridine (4), adenosine (5), 2'-deoxyadenosine (6), cordysinin B (7), ergosterol (8), ergosta-5α, 8β-epidioxy-6, 22-dien-3β-ol (9), and (22E, 24S)-3α-hydroxy-24-methylcholesta-5, 8, 22-trien-7-one (10).

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275441

ABSTRACT

A new styrene dimer derivative has been isolated from the branch of Litsea greenmaniana by column chromatography over silica gel and Sephadex LH-20, as well as semi-preparative HPLC. Its structure was identified by spectroscopic data analysis (MS, UV, IR, 1D and 2D NMR) as (E)-2,4-bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butenol, named as listeanol. At a concentration of 1×10-5 mol•L⁻¹, compound 1 was inactive in the assays, including cytotoxicity against human tumor cell lines (HCT-8, Bel-7402, BGC-823, A549 and A2780), antioxidant activity in Fe²⁺-cystine-induced rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation, neuroprotective activity against serum deprivation or glutamate induced neurotoxicity in cultures of PC12 cells, and the inhibitory activity against protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B).

17.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 798-802, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of depressive symptoms among adolescents in Wuhan city and explore the association among childhood trauma,resilience and depressive symptom.Methods:Totally 5906 students were chosen from 5 primary schools,3 middle schools and 2 high schools in Wuhan.The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) was used to evaluate childhood trauma experience,the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) were used to assess resilience level and depressive symptoms respectively.Results:The rates of depressive symptoms and childhood trauma were 16.1% (953/5906) and 32.4% (1915/5906).The subjects with experience of childhood trauma (n =1915) showed higher CES-D scores lower CD-RISC scores and each factor scores compared with those without experience of childhood trauma (n =3991).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the experience of childhood trauma (OR =2.81,95% CI:2.41-3.29) was risk factor for depressive symptoms.Resilience (51 ≤ CD-RISC ≤ 63:OR =0.53,95 % CI:0.44-0.64;64 ≤ CD-RISC ≤ 77:OR =0.32,95 % CI:0.26 ~ 0.39;78 ≤ CD-RISC ≤ 100:OR =0.17,95% CI:0.13-0.22) was protective factor for depressive symptoms.Conclusion:The adolescences with experience of childhood trauma are more likely to suffer from depressive symptoms.Resilience may be a protective factor for depressive symptoms.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256046

ABSTRACT

Twenty five known aromatic glycosides (1-25) and three known sesquiterpene glycosides (26-28) have been isolated from the twigs of Litsea cubeba by using various chromatographic techniques. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic data analysis (MS, IR, 1D and 2D NMR) as (7S,8R)-dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4,9'-di-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(1),(7S,8R)-5-methoxydihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(2), (7S,8R)-urolignoside(3), (7R,8S)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(4), saposide B(5), lanicepside A(6), matairesinol-4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7), tyraxjaponoside B(8), (+)-lyoniresinol-9'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (9), alaschanisoside A (10), syringin (11), psoralenoside (12), isopsoralenoside (13), scopolin(14), 2,6-dimethoxy-4-hydroxyphenol-1-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (15), 3-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxyphenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (16), 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethyl-β-D-glucopyrnoside (17), 2-(4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (18), (+)-catechin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (19), 3'-O-methylepicatechin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (20), kaempferitrin (21), quercetin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranside (22), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (23), kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2)-O-β-D-galactopyr anoside-7-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (24), quercetin 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→6)-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→3)-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→2)-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (25), staphylionoside D(26), vomifoliol 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (27), dihydrovomifoliol-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (28). Compounds 1-21 and 24-28 were obtained from this genus for the first time.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250413

ABSTRACT

Two new phenylpropanoids(1 and 2), together with thirteen known compounds(3-15), have been isolated from the root of Paeonia lactiflora by using various chromatographic techniques. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic data analysis(MS,IR,1D and 2D NMR)as(+)-(7R,8R)-1-guaiacyl-1,2-propanediolacetonide(1),(-)-(7R,8S)-1-guaiacyl-1,2-propanediolacetonide(2),O-senecioyllomatin(3),O-angeloyllomatin(4),(+)-cis-3'-senecioyloxy-4'-angeloyloxy-3',4'-dihydroseselin(5),columbianadin(6), benzyl 2,5-dihydroxybenzoate(7),3,6-dimethyl-5-hydroxyBenzo-furan(8),(S)-evofolin-A(9),2,3-dihydroxy-4-methoxyacetophenone(10), 2,5-dihydroxy-4-methoxyacetophenone(11), 2,5-dihydroxy-4-methyl acetophenone(12),ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate(13), vanillic acid(14),and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde(15).Compounds 1 and 2 were new compounds,and compounds 3-9 were obtained from the genus Paeonia for the first time.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305342

ABSTRACT

A new aporphine alkaloid (1), together with five known analogues (2-6), has been isolated from the branch of Litsea greenmaniana by using various chromatographic techniques. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic data analysis ( MS, IR, 1D and 2D NMR) as 2,9-dihydroxy-1,10-dimethoxy-4,5-dihydro-7-oxoaporphine (1), laurotetanine (2), N-methyllaurotetanine (3), isodomesticine (4), isocorydine (5), and norisocorydine (6). Compound 1 was a new compound, and compounds 2-6 were obtained from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chemistry , Aporphines , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Litsea , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
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