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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 886-890, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993259

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of primary hepatic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PDLBCLL) with the aim to improve the diagnosis of this disease.Methods:The clinical data of 15 patients with PDLBCLL confirmed by biopsy or surgical resection specimens at Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University and Yiwu Central Hospital from May 2015 to August 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 8 males and 7 females, aged (58.3±12.0) years old. Thirteen patients underwent conventional Gd-DTPA enhanced MR examinations, and 2 patients underwent hepatobiliary specific contrast agent (Gd-EOB-DTPA) enhanced MR examinations. Image analysis included the number, location, size, shape, signal intensity and enhancement features of the lesions. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of lesions and surrounding liver parenchyma were measured on the ADC map, and paired sample t-test was used to compare the differences between the two groups. Results:In 15 patients, 10 patients had a single, 4 had multiple lesions. In 1 patient, there was diffuse, mild enhancement in the arterial phase, slow decrease in the early portal venous, late portal venous and equilibrium phases, and ring low signal signals were detected in the hepatobiliary specific phase. The average ADC value of the 15 patients was (0.826±0.379)×10 -3 mm 2/s, and the average ADC value of the adjacent liver parenchyma was (1.311±0.236)×10 -3 mm 2/s. The difference was significant ( P<0.05). Uniform signals were detected in lesions in 3 patients, in the scar tissues of 2 patients, moderate enhancement scan lesions were improved in 10 patients, mild aggrandizement in 5 patients, lesions showing a " floating vessels" sign in 6 patients, lesions showing a typical " target" appearance in 7 patients, abnormal perfusion around the lesion in 7 patients, and compression of bile ducts with perifocal bile duct dilatation in 2 patients. Conclusion:The MRI findings of PDLBCLL showed certain characteristics. The lesion boundary was clear and the signal was uneven. Contrast-enhanced scans showed a lack of blood supply, most of which were accompanied by necrosis, and the " vessel floating sign" and " target sign" were characteristic.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1060-1065, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of quadriceps femoris thickness with the length of stay in intensive care unit (ICU) in patients with sepsis, and to evaluate the diagnostic value of muscle changes in mortality.Methods:A prospective study was conducted, and 92 patients with sepsis who were admitted to the ICU of the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College from January 2020 to December 2021 were enrolled. The thickness of quadriceps femoris [including the quadriceps femoris muscle thickness at the midpoint of the anterior superior iliac spine and the upper edge of the patella (M-QMLT), and at the middle and lower 1/3 of the patella (T-QMLT)] measured by ultrasound 1 day (D1), 3 days (D3), and 7 days (D7) after admission to the ICU were collected. The atrophy rate of quadriceps femoris was calculated 3 and 7 days after admission to the ICU compared with 1 day [(D3-D1)/D1 and (D7-D1)/D1, (TD3-TD1)/TD1 and (TD7-TD1)/TD1, respectively]. The demographic information, underlying diseases, vital signs when admission to the ICU and in-hospital mortality of all patients were recorded, and the differences of the above indicators between the two groupswere compared. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the influence of quadriceps femoris muscle thickness and atrophy rate on in-hospital mortality of septic patients. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to analyze the predictive value of quadriceps femoris muscle thickness and atrophy rate on in-hospital mortality of septic patients.Results:A total of 92 patients with severe sepsis were included, of which 41 patients died in hospital, 51 patients discharged. The in-hospital mortality was 44.6%. The muscle thickness of quadriceps femoris in severe septic patients decreased with the prolongation of ICU stay, and there was no significant difference between the two groups at the first and third day of ICU admission. The muscle thickness of quadriceps femoris at different measuring positions in the survival group was significantly greater than those in the death group 7 days after admission to the ICU [M-QMLT D7 (cm): 0.50±0.26 vs. 0.39±0.19, T-QMLT D7 (cm): 0.58±0.29 vs. 0.45±0.21, both P < 0.05]. The atrophy rate of quadriceps femoris muscle thickness at different measuring positions 3 and 7 days after admission to ICU in the survival group was significantly lower than those in the death group [(D3-D1)/D1: (8.33±3.44)% vs. (9.74±3.91)%, (D7-D1)/D1: (12.21±4.76)% vs. (19.80±6.15)%, (TD3-TD1)/TD1: (7.83±4.26)% vs. (10.51±4.75)%, (TD7-TD1)/TD1: (11.10±5.46)% vs. (20.22±6.05)%, all P < 0.05]. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that M-QMLT D7, T-QMLT D7, (D3-D1)/D1, (D7-D1)/D1, (TD3-TD1)/TD1, (TD7-TD1)/TD1 were independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality (all P < 0.05). The results were stable after adjusting for confounding factors. ROC curve analysis showed that (TD7-TD1)/TD1 [area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.853, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.773-0.934] was superior to (D7-D1)/D1, T-QMLT D7, M-QMLT D7, (TD3-TD1)/TD1 and (D3-D1)/D1 [AUC was 0.821 (0.725-0.917), 0.692 (0.582-0.802), 0.683 (0.573-0.794), 0.680 (0.569-0.791), 0.622 (0.502-0.742)]. Conclusions:For septic patients in ICU, bedside ultrasound monitoring of quadriceps femoris muscle thickness and atrophy rate has a certain predictive value for in-hospital mortality, and a certain guiding significance in clinical treatment and predicting the prognosis of sepsis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 114-119, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934280

ABSTRACT

Objective:To propose automatic measurement of global and local tessellation density on color fundus images based on a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) method.Methods:An applied study. An artificial intelligence (AI) database was constructed, which contained 1 005 color fundus images captured from 1 024 eyes of 514 myopic patients in the Northern Hospital of Qingdao Eye Hospital from May to July, 2021. The images were preprocessed by using RGB color channel re-calibration method (CCR algorithm), CLAHE algorithm based on Lab color space, Retinex algorithm for multiple iterative illumination estimation, and multi-scale Retinex algorithm. The effects on the segmentation of tessellation by adopting the abovemetioned image enhancement methods and utilizing the Dice, Edge Overlap Rate and clDice loss were compared and observed. The tessellation segmentation model for extracting the tessellated region in the full fundus image as well as the tissue detection model for locating the optic disc and macular fovea were built up. Then, the fundus tessellation density (FTD), macular tessellation density (MTD) and peripapillary tessellation density (PTD) were calculated automatically.Results:When applying CCR algorithm for image preprocessing and the training losses combination strategy, the Dice coefficient, accuracy, sensitivity, specificity and Jordan index for fundus tessellation segmentation were 0.723 4, 94.25%, 74.03%, 96.00% and 70.03%, respectively. Compared with the manual annotations, the mean absolute errors and root mean square errors of FTD, MTD, PTD automatically measured by the model were 0.014 3, 0.020 7, 0.026 7 and 0.017 8, 0.032 3, 0.036 5, respectively.Conclusion:The DCNN-based segmentation and detection method can automatically measure the tessellation density in the global and local regions of the fundus of myopia patients, which can more accurately assist clinical monitoring and evaluation of the impact of fundus tessellation changes on the development of myopia.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 275-279, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship and the role of leptin in children with biliary atresia and hepatic fibrosis to provide a treatment basis for these patients.Methods:The clinical data of children with biliary atresia or congenital biliary dilatation (CBD) who underwent surgical treatment at the Department of General Surgery of Tianjin Children's Hospital from August 2019 to August 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 31 children included in this study, there were 14 males and 17 females, with age of 60 (30, 63) d. Children with biliary atresia served as the study group ( n=26) and children with CBD served as the control group ( n=5). Leptin protein, α-smooth muscleactin (α-SMA) and phosphorylation of extracellular-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (p-ERK1/2) in liver tissues were detectd by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The expression level of leptin mRNA in liver tissues were detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Results:The average optical density values of leptin protein, α-SMA protein and p-ERK1/2 protein in the liver tissues of children in the study group were significantly higher than the control group ( P<0.05). The expression levels of leptin, α-SMA and p-ERK1/2 in liver tissues of children with biliary atresia significantly increased with increase in fibrosis degree ( P<0.05). The expression level of leptin in liver tissues of children with biliary atresia was positively correlated with the liver fibrosis grade ( rs=0.876), α-SMA ( r=0.723) and p-ERK1/2 ( r=0.725) ( P<0.01). The results of qRT-PCR showed that the content of leptin mRNA in liver tissues of children with biliary atresia was significantly higher than that of children with CBD ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Expressions of leptin increased with aggravation of degrees of hepatic fibrosis in biliary atresia. Leptin may be involved in activation of HSCs through the ERK1/2 signaling pathway in the process of hepatic fibrosis due to biliary atresia.

5.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 396-400, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700230

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors for cervical lymph node metastasis in patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC). Methods The clinical data of 289 patients with PTMC from January 2013 to December 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent thyroidectomy and thyroid isthmectomy/total thyroidectomy plus central (and lateral) cervical lymph node dissection. Results In 289 patients, postoperative pathology confirmed that the central lymph node metastasis was in 118 cases (40.8% ); 64 of them performed central and lateral cervical lymph node dissection, and the rate of lateral cervical lymph node metastasis was 42.2% (27/64). The smooth curve fitting chart showed that the risk of central cervical lymph node metastasis was significantly increased when the tumor diameter > 6 mm. Univariate analysis result showed that central cervical lymph node metastasis was associated with gender, number of primary lesions, unilateral and bilateral tumor, capsule invasion, tumor diameter and Hashimoto thyroiditis (P<0.05 or<0.01); multivariate Logistic regression analysis result showed that the tumor diameter>6 mm was the independent risk factor for central cervical lymph node metastasis ( OR = 2.036, 95% CI 1.160 - 3.573, P = 0.013). Univariate analysis result showed that lateral cervical lymph node dissection was associated with central cervical lymph node dissection (P<0.05); multivariate Logistic regression analysis result showed that central cervical lymph node dissection was the independent risk factor for lateral cervical lymph node dissection in patients with PTMC ( OR=9.630, 95% CI 1.150-80.628, P=0.037). Conclusions PTMC patients with central or lateral cervical lymph node metastasis is very common, and central lymph node metastasis risk increases significantly when tumor diameter > 6 mm; the risk of lateral cervical lymph node metastasis also significantly increases in patients with central cervical lymph node metastasis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 804-807, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704162

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between two single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs356219,rs356165 sites) and cognitive dysfunction in Parkinson disease.Methods 236 patients with Parkinson's disease were randomly selected from November 2014 to November 2017.According to the results of MoCA cognitive function evaluation,the patients were divided into group A (cognitive dysfunction group)and group B (normal cognition group).At the same time,65 patients were randomly selected as group C (Health control group).The allele frequency and genotype distribution of rs356219 and rs356165 were compared,and the differences among the three group were compared.Results In the rs356165 allele frequency,group A (G:57.14%,A:42.86%),group B (G:56.45%,A:43.55%) and group C (G:52.31%,A:47.69%) had no statistical significance (P> 0.05).In the rs356165 genotype,G/G (21.43%) and A/A (14.29%) in group A were higher than group C (G/G:4.62%,A/A:1.54%),G/G (22.58%) in group B and A/A (14.52%) were higher than group C G/G (4.62%) and A/A (1.54%) (P< 0.05).In the rs356219 allele frequency,group A (G:64.29%,A:64.29%) and group B (G:64.52%,A:35.486%) and group C (G:46.15%,A:53.85%) was statistically significant (P<0.05),but no statistical significance between group A and group B (P>0.05);In the rs356219 genotype,group A (G/G:35.71%,A/A:21.43%,A/G:42.86%),group B (G/G:35.48%,A/A:22.58%,A/G:41.94%) and group C (G/G:30.77%,A/A:26.15%,A/G:43.08%) had no statistical significance (P> 0.05),and there was no statistical significance between group A and group B (P>0.05).Conclusions The polymorphism of rs356219 and rs356165 sites in rho-synaptic nucleoprotein plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease.However,there was no correlation with cognitive dysfunction in patients with Parkinson disease.

7.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 3113-3114,3115, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602407

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of the duodenum double lumen cannula suction in duodenal rupture repair.Methods According to the operation methods,60 patients with duodenal rupture undergoing duodenal repair were divided into the surgical drainage alone group(26 cases)and double sets attract tube group (34 cases).The surgery effect and complications were observed.Results The difference of traffic flow 7 days after the operation between the two groups was statistically significant(t =7.564,P <0.05).The length of stay and hospital costs of the surgical drainage alone group were more than those of the double sets attract tube group,the differences were statistically significant(t =3.567,4.123,all P <0.05).The fistula,intra -abdominal infections,wound infec-tions,pulmonary infection rates of the surgical drainage alone group were 30.77%,42.31%,46.15%,26.92%, which were higher than 2.94%,11.76%,8.82%,2.94%,5.88% of the double sets attract tube group,the differ-ences were statistically significant(χ2 =8.949,7.330,10.950,2.986,5.116,all P <0.05).Conclusion Applica-tion of the double lumen cannula duodenal suction in duodenal rupture repair can significantly reduce the incidence of postoperative complications,has certain security,it is recommended in clinical practice.

8.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 353-358,封3, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592211

ABSTRACT

Nanopore single molecule sequencing(SMS) is considered as one of the most promising third generation DNA sequencing method by virtue of fast sequencing and low cost. As the most significant part of the sequencing system, the synthetic solid nanopore has recently been the research highlight in the field of nanopore DNA sequencing because of its fine-controlled size, high reliability and wide applicability. Also, its fabrication method is currently one of the main challenges in this field. In this article, the principles of the nanopore SMS are introduced followed by the review of the difficulties and challenges in the current research stage with emphasis on the nanopore fabrication methods.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-624485

ABSTRACT

In the item bank construction of medical microbiology examination questions,the accurate difficulty coefficient is an important parameter to guarantee the quality of the bank.Thus,the accurate difficulty estimate plays an important role in the item bank construction of examination questions.Methods of estimating the difficulty of medical microbiology test questions were explored,based on the knowledge points,the type of test questions,the structure of test questions and the degree of students’ familiarity with the questions and so on.Finally,the feasibility of methods was confirmed through the simulated tests.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-624214

ABSTRACT

The training of basic scientific research skills is very important for seven-year medical program students. Through various kinds of scientific research training in preclinical medical teaching stage, the students’ abilities of scientific thinking, performing experiments, and writing scientific papers have been improved.

11.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12)1985.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544610

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of analyzing neutrophil cell surface marker CD64 in diagnosis of premature infants infection.Methods:109 infants inpatient in neonatal department(including NICU)were enrolled in the study.CD64 was measured by FCM,which was compared with C-reactive protein(CRP)and IL-6.Results:There was a statistically significant difference in quantitation of CD64 on neutrophil cells(P

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