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1.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 929-934, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997682

ABSTRACT

With the establishment of modern traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) as an oncology discipline, it has made great development and progress in the prevention and treatment of tumors. As a result, a number of academic thoughts and viewpoints have emerged. In the tumor field of TCM, the current representative theories include the theory of strengthening the body and treating cancer, the theory of treating from the membrane, the theory of surviving with tumor, the pathogenesis theory of cancer virus, the theory of consolidating the root and clearing the source, and the theory of regulating qi and detoxing. In TCM oncology, a large number of results have been achieved in the research of the thoughts of famous TCM doctors. However, discussions on these thoughts together are relatively few. This article summarizes and studies the above innovative theories from the aspects of academic connotation and clinical application to provide new ideas for further guiding the clinical practice of TCM oncology.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 1185-1191+1197, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996675

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the influence of immunotherapy by antibiotic(ATB) combined with programmed cell death protein 1(PD1) on curative effect of hepatocellular carcinoma in mice.Methods H_(22) tumor-bearing male BALB/c mouse model was established.Eight model mice were injected i.p.with anti-PD1,250 μg for each,and administered intragastrically with ceftriaxone sodium(100 mg/kg) plus lincomycin hydrochloride(200 mg/kg),using eight normal mice administered intragastrically with normal saline(0.2 mL for each) as control.The anticancer effect of ATB combined with PD1 was evaluated by tumor size,hematoxylin-eo sin(HE) staining of tumor tissue and spleen index.The secretion levels of IL-2,IL-10 and IFN_γ in sera of mice were determined by ELISA,while the proportions of CD3~+ and CD8~+ T cells in mouse lymphocytes by flow cytometry,and the expression levels of CD3 and CD8 in mouse tumor tissue by immunohistochemistry(IHC) method.Results The therapy by ATB combined with anti-PD 1 showed significantly inhibitory effect on tumor growth,which increased the proportions of CD3~+ and CD8~+ T cells in T lymphocytes,up-regulated the secretion levels of IL-2,IL-10 and IFN_γ,and regulated the immune function of T cells by up-regulating the expression levels of CD3 and CD8 in tumor tissue to continuously activate the immune system and suppress the tumor.Conclusion Narrow-spectrum ATB may promote the effect of anti-PD 1 immunotherapy on tumors by improving immune function.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 202-206, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994564

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate factors associated with acute kidney injury(AKI) in postoperative colorectal cancer patients.Methods:The clinical data of 376 colorectal carcinoma (CRC) patients at Department of General Surgery, Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from Jan 2018 to Jun 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into acute kidney injury (AKI) ( n=29) and non-AKI groups ( n=347). The demographic information, perioperative status, laboratory results and other relevant data of the two groups were compared . Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for postoperative AKI. Results:Twenty-nine CRC patients (7.7%) had postoperative AKI. Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative hypertension ( OR=3.487, 95% CI: 1.081-11.251, P=0.037), anemia ( OR=3.158, 95% CI: 1.114-8.953, P=0.031), inadequate intraoperative crystalloid infusion ( OR=0.998, 95% CI: 0.997-0.999, P=0.007), low intraoperative mean arterial pressure ( OR=0.915, 95% CI: 0.863-0.970, P=0.003) and moderate to severe postoperative decline in hemoglobin levels ( OR=4.105, 95% CI: 1.487-11.335, P=0.006) were independent risk factors. Conclusion:Preoperative hypertension, anemia, inadequate intraoperative crystalloid infusion, low intraoperative mean arterial pressure, and moderate to severe postoperative decline in hemoglobin levels were independent risk factors for AKI development in colorectal cancer patients.

4.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1813-1818, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984536

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can be categorized into “xiao ke (消渴)” in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The theory of “yin restricts fire” originates from Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor (《黄帝内经》) which states that “yin essence restricts chief fire”, and the crucial pathogenesis and treatment of xiao ke coincide with this theory. ZHANG Zhongjing,s three prescriptions of Jizizhuang (egg yolk) are Baihe Jizizi Decoction (百合鸡子汤), Huanglian Ejiao Decoction (黄连阿胶汤) and Painong Powder (排脓散), which are scattered in different chapters of Treatise on Cold Damage and Miscellaneous Diseases (《伤寒杂病论》). By analyzing and summarizing the mechanism and characteristics of the three prescriptions, it is found that the three prescriptions are in line with the characteristics of “yin restricts fire” and the pathogenesis of T2DM. These three prescriptions are composed of Jizizhuang and different medicinals. Baihe Jizizi Decoction is composed of Jizizhuang and Baihe (Bulbus Lilii), and can be used to treat T2DM and mental diseases. Huanglian Ejiao Decoction is composed of Jizihuang, Ejiao (Colla Corii Asini), Shaoyao (Radix Paeoniae Alba seu Rubra), Huanglian (Rhizoma Coptidis) and Huangqin (Radix Scutellariae), which could be used to treat T2DM and cardiorenal system diseases. Painong Powder is composed of Jizizhuang, Shaoyao, Jiegeng (Radix Platycodonis) and Zhishi (Fructus Aurantii Immaturus), which can be used to treat T2DM and carbuncle. Therefore, based on the theory of “yin restricts fire” and “many different diseases can be treated in the same wa”, this paper propose that the three Jizihuang prescriptions could be used in T2DM, which could provide ideas for clinical treatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1003-1007, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984484

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of COVID-19 infection and health related behaviors on the health related quality of life of children and adolescents aged 8-15 years in Nanjing, so as to provide a theoretical basis for improving HRQoL in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#From December 2022 to January 2023, a total of 2 398 students aged 8-15 years from the third grade of primary school to junior middle school in Nanjing were selected by multistage random cluster sampling. The 3 level EuroQol 5 dimension Questionnaire Youth Vension (EQ-5D-Y-3L) was completed by the respondents on their own, and the parents assisted in completing the rest of the questionnaire.@*Results@#The EuroQol-index(EQ-index) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores of being infected individuals were lower than those of uninfected and previously infected ( P <0.05). The proportion of being infected individuals reporting difficulty on "Pain/Discomfort" was higher than that of uninfected and previously infected individuals, and the proportion of reporting difficulty on "Mobility" was also higher than that of uninfected individuals ( P <0.05). Lack of parental companionship( OR=10.19, 95%CI =3.12-33.22), irregular breakfast consumption ( OR=10.63, 95%CI =3.20-35.25), and excessive screen time ( OR=8.24, 95%CI =3.02-22.51) increased the risk of difficulty on "Mobility" in being infected individuals ( P <0.05). Irregular breakfast consumption ( OR=1.93, 95%CI =1.31-2.84) and consumption of sweetened beverages and snacks (OR=1.56, 95%CI =1.17-2.10) increased the risk of having lower EQ index in previously infected individuals compared to uninfected individuals. Furthermore, consumption of sweetened beverages and snacks ( OR=1.57, 95%CI =1.21-2.05) and excessive screen time ( OR=1.49, 95%CI =1.12-1.98) also increased the risk of VAS scores being lower in previously infected individuals compared to uninfected individuals ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The COVID-19 infection impairs HRQoL, and unhealthy behaviors deteriorate its negative impact. Healthy behaviors and lifestyles should be advocated to reduce the impact of COVID-19 infection on HRQoL.

6.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1847-1852, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987267

ABSTRACT

Cancer toxin is the key pathogenesis of malignant tumors. The basic principle of cancer treatment is “dispelling pathogen and resolving toxins, reinforcing healthy qi and reinforcing the foundation”. As one of the “eight methods of anticancer and detoxification”, the counteracting toxin with toxin therapy is a commonly used clinical treatment of malignant tumors. This paper discussed the method of counteracting toxin with toxin and its application in the prevention and treatment of malignant tumors from the aspects of history tracing, academic connotation, application principles and clinical application. Toxic Chinese medicinals with anticancer function are required to eliminate cancer toxins based on the principles of excessive cancer toxicity and plentiful healthy qi, as well as in accordance with the various stages and classifications of tumors, thereby improving the theoretical connotation of the method of counteracting toxin with toxin, and promoting the popularization and application of the pathogenesis theory of cancer toxin in the prevention and treatment of malignant tumors.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 553-557, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972744

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the factors influencing parents willingness to vaccinate their children against influenza in Guangzhou, and to provide a scientific basic for effectively improving the coverage rate of influenza vaccine in children.@*Methods@#According to economic level, one secondary school and one elementary school in each of the central administrative and peripheral districts of Guangzhou were selected by stratified cluster sampling. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 5 133 parents of the school students. Questionnaire content included the basic characteristics of children and their parents, and parents knowledge of influenza vaccination for children.@*Results@#A total of 14.57%(748/5 133) of parents were unwilling to have their children vaccinated against influenza. The results of the multivariate Logistic regression analysis found that, compared with parents aged ≤35 years old, parents aged 41-45 years and ≥46 years were 49% (adjusted OR=1.49, 95%CI =1.11-2.00) and 86% (adjusted OR= 1.86 , 95%CI =1.33-2.60), respectively, more likely to refuse vaccinating their children. Parents with an annual income ≥ 200 000 yuan were 52% more likely to be unwilling to vaccinate their children than those with annual income <100 000 yuan (adjusted OR=1.52, 95%CI =1.12-2.06). Parents living within a walking distance ≥30 minutes from the vaccination clinic were 52% more likely to be vaccinereluctant than those living within a walking distance of ≤10 minutes (adjusted OR=1.52, 95%CI = 1.16- 1.99). Compared with parents who regarded the vaccine as safe, parents who did not believe that it was safe or who were unsure of its safety were more likely to refuse vaccinating their children, with adjusted OR(95%CI ) of 12.75(9.44-17.23) and 3.37(2.73- 4.15 ), respectively( P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Parents age, annual income, recognition of the safety of influenza vaccines, and walking distance to the vaccination clinic are associated with parents willingness to vaccinate children against influenza. Hospitals, communities and schools should cooperate to carry out vaccination and popular science propaganda, and arrange vaccination sites rationally to improve the coverage of influenza vaccines.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 498-501, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972731

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of the comprehensive intervention on overweight and obesity among middle school students at the population level (health education lecture and official account push) and individual level (personalized dietary guidance), so as to provide a reference for preventing and controlling their overweight and obesity.@*Methods@#Three junior high schools and three senior high schools were randomly selected in Guangzhou in 2018 by convenience sampling. Through physical examination, 1 457 overweight and obese students aged from 12 to 18 years old were screened. Intervention was administered through "Student Personalized Dietary Guidance" manual, health tweets on the official accounts, and health education lectures from September 2018 to December 2019. The Chi square test was used to compare the difference in overweight and obesity constituent ratio between the two groups before and after the intervention. And intervention effect was evaluated by analyzing the number needed to treated(NTT).@*Results@#The proportion of overweight before the intervention was 66.71% (972/1 457), and decreased to 59.92% (873/1 457) after the intervention; the proportion of obesity before the intervention was 33.29% (485/1 457), which decreased to 26.63% (388/1 457) after the intervention. Among obese students, the smallest NNT was seen in the girl group aged 12-13 years (NNT=2.6, 95% CI =1.9-4.1), while the largest NNT in the boy group aged 14-18 years (NNT=5.9, 95% CI =4.7-8.1). The NNT of the girls aged 12-13 years was the smallest (NNT=2.7, 95% CI =2.2-3.5), and the NNT of the boys aged 14-18 years was the largest (NNT=7.4, 95% CI =6.0-9.7).@*Conclusion@#Health education at population level (health education lectures, official account push) with individual level (personalized dietary guidance) can effectively intervene overweight and obesity among middle school students in Guangzhou.

9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 732-738, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982020

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the genotypes of the pathogenic gene COL4A5 and the characteristics of clinical phenotypes in children with Alport syndrome (AS).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the genetic testing results and clinical data of 19 AS children with COL4A5 gene mutations.@*RESULTS@#Among the 19 children with AS caused by COL4A5 gene mutations, 1 (5%) carried a new mutation of the COL4A5 gene, i.e., c.3372A>G(p.P1124=) and presented with AS coexisting with IgA vasculitis nephritis; 3 children (16%) had large fragment deletion of the COL4A5 gene, among whom 2 children (case 7 had a new mutation site of loss51-53) had gross hematuria and albuminuria at the onset, and 1 child (case 13 had a new mutation site of loss3-53) only had microscopic hematuria, while the other 15 children (79%) had common clinical phenotypes of AS, among whom 7 carried new mutations of the COL4A5 gene. Among all 19 children, 3 children (16%) who carried COL4A5 gene mutations also had COL4A4 gene mutations, and 1 child (5%) had COL4A3 gene mutations. Among these children with double gene mutations, 2 had gross hematuria and proteinuria at the onset.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study expands the genotype and phenotype spectrums of the pathogenic gene COL4A5 for AS. Children with large fragment deletion of the COL4A5 gene or double gene mutations of COL4A5 with COL4A3 or COL4A4 tend to have more serious clinical manifestations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nephritis, Hereditary/pathology , Hematuria/complications , Retrospective Studies , Collagen Type IV/genetics , Genotype , Mutation
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2352-2359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981311

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the mechanism of Yanghe Decoction(YHD) against subcutaneous tumor in pulmonary metastasis from breast cancer, which is expected to lay a basis for the treatment of breast carcinoma with YHD. The chemical components of medicinals in YHD, and the targets of the components were retrieved from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) and SwissTargetPrediction. The disease-related targets were searched from GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM). Excel was employed to screen the common targets and plot the Venn diagram. The protein-protein interaction network was constructed. R language was used for Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment. A total of 53 female SPF Bablc/6 mice were randomized into normal group(same volume of normal saline, ig), model group(same volume of normal saline, ig), and low-dose and high-dose YHD groups(YHD, ig, 30 days), with 8 mice in normal group and 15 mice in each of the other groups. Body weight and tumor size was measured every day. Curves for body weight variation and growth of tumor in situ were plotted. In the end, the subcutaneous tumor sample was collected and observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining. The mRNA and protein levels of hypoxia inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α), pyruvate kinase M2(PKM2), lactate dehydrogenase A(LDHA), and glucose transporter type 1(GLUT1) were detected by PCR and Western blot. A total of 213 active components of YHD and 185 targets against the disease were screened out. The hypothesis that YHD may regulate glycolysis through HIF-1α signaling pathway to intervene in breast cancer was proposed. Animal experiment confirmed that the mRNA and protein levels of HIF-1α, PKM2, LDHA, and GLUT1 in the high-and low-dose YHD groups were lower than those in the model group. YHD has certain inhibitory effect on subcutaneous tumor in pulmonary metastasis from breast cancer in the early stage, which may intervene pulmonary metastasis from breast cancer by regulating glycolysis through HIF-1α signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Female , Mice , Animals , Glucose Transporter Type 1/genetics , Network Pharmacology , Animal Experimentation , Saline Solution , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Signal Transduction , Glycolysis , RNA, Messenger , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Molecular Docking Simulation
11.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0742, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423448

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The proportion of tactical activities athletes perform through explosive strength is relatively high in the authentic game of badminton. And weight training has the effect of improving the explosive power of players. Objective: Study the effects of weight training incorporated with explosive strength training on badminton players. Methods: The article adopts a controlled experiment, in which the control group practices standardized explosive strength training in training activities. In contrast, the experimental group has the addition of weightlifting exercises using sandbags in its protocol. The experiment was performed completely according to the dedicated badminton teaching plan for freshmen, lasting eight weeks. Results: Before the intervention, the wrist joint speed in the experimental group was 11.76 km/h, and the final speed was 162.30 km/h. After the experiment, the joint velocity increased to 12.35 km/h, and the final velocity to 177.50 km/h. Conclusion: The addition of 10% weight training showed statistical benefits to explosive strength training, and its implementation in usual protocols is indicated to improve the indicators of explosive strength in athletes. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: A proporção de atividades táticas realizadas pelos atletas através da força explosiva é relativamente alta no autêntico jogo de badminton. E o treinamento com pesos tem como efeito a melhoria do poder explosivo dos jogadores. Objetivo: Estudar os efeitos do treinamento de peso incorporado ao treinamento da força explosiva nos jogadores de badminton. Métodos: O artigo adota um experimento controlado, no qual o grupo de controle pratica um treinamento de força explosiva padronizado nas atividades de treinamento enquanto o grupo experimental tem em seu protocolo a adição do exercício de levantamento de pesos utilizando sacos de areia. O experimento foi realizado completamente de acordo com o plano de ensino de badminton dedicado para calouros, com duração 8 semanas. Resultados: Antes da intervenção, a velocidade articular do pulso no grupo experimental era de 11,76 km/h, e a velocidade final de 162,30 km/h. Após o experimento, a velocidade articular elevou-se para 12,35 km/h, e a final para 177,50 km/h. Conclusão: A adição de 10% de treinamento com pesos apresentou benefícios estatísticos ao treinamento de força explosiva, sendo indicada a sua implementação nos protocolos usuais para que os indicadores de força explosiva nos atletas possam ser melhorados. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La proporción de actividades tácticas realizadas por los atletas mediante la fuerza explosiva es relativamente alta en el auténtico juego del bádminton. Y el entrenamiento con pesas tiene el efecto de mejorar la potencia explosiva de los jugadores. Objetivo: Estudiar los efectos del entrenamiento con pesas incorporado al entrenamiento de fuerza explosiva en jugadores de bádminton. Métodos: El artículo adopta un experimento controlado, en el que el grupo de control practica un entrenamiento de fuerza explosiva estandarizado en las actividades de entrenamiento, mientras que el grupo experimental tiene en su protocolo la adición del ejercicio de levantamiento de pesas con sacos de arena. El experimento se llevó a cabo siguiendo íntegramente el plan de enseñanza dedicado al bádminton para estudiantes de primer año, con una duración de 8 semanas. Resultados: Antes de la intervención, la velocidad articular de la muñeca en el grupo experimental era de 11,76 km/h, y la velocidad final fue de 162,30 km/h. Tras el experimento, la velocidad conjunta aumentó a 12,35 km/h, y la velocidad final a 177,50 km/h. Conclusión: La adición de un 10% de entrenamiento con pesas mostró beneficios estadísticos en el entrenamiento de la fuerza explosiva, y su implementación en los protocolos habituales está indicada para poder mejorar los indicadores de fuerza explosiva en los atletas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(10): e20230407, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514705

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of life for patients with in-stent restenosis after interventional therapy of peripheral artery disease and the influencing factors. METHODS: A total of 72 in-stent restenosis patients after interventional therapy of peripheral artery disease were enrolled, whose general data were obtained. SF-12 scale was used to evaluate the quality of life. Tilburg Frailty Scale was used to assess senile debilitation. Pittsburgh Quality Index Scale was used to evaluate sleep quality. Activity of Daily Living Scale was used to evaluate the self-care ability. The general data and in-stent restenosis-related indicators were compared between patients with low and high quality of life, respectively. Multivariate regression analysis was made on the factors affecting quality of life. RESULTS: The average total quality of life score of 72 patients was 74.06±19.26 points. The gender, Fontaine stage and smoking, Activity of Daily Living Scale score, painless walking distance, senile debilitation score, sleep quality score, white blood cells, and C-reactive protein had significant differences between the two groups, respectively (p<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that the female gender, low Fontaine stage (OR=0.186), low senile debilitation score (OR=0.492), and high sleep quality score (OR=0.633) were the protective factors for high quality of life (all p<0.05), and the low Activity of Daily Living score (OR=1.282) was the risk factor for high quality of life (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Quality of life of in-stent restenosis patients after interventional therapy of peripheral artery disease is low. Gender, Fontaine stage, senile debilitation, sleep quality, and Activity of Daily Living score are the influencing factors of quality of life for in-stent restenosis patients.

13.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(6): 635-640, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422000

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To explore the effectiveness of oral motor intervention combined with non-nutritive sucking in treating premature infants with dysphagia. Methods: Sixty preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of the present study's hospital were selected and randomly divided into the control and intervention groups. The control group was given non-nutritive sucking intervention alone, while the intervention group was given oral motor intervention combined with non-nutritive sucking. The oral motor ability, milk sucking amount and sucking rate, feeding efficiency and outcomes, and the occurrence of adverse reactions were measured and compared. Results: Compared to first-day interventions, preterm infant oral feeding readiness assessment scale-Chinese version (PIOFRAS-CV) scores of the two groups significantly increased after 14 days of intervention, and this score was higher in the intervention group compared to the control group. Similarly, after 14 days of intervention, the intervention group's milk sucking rate and amount were significantly higher than the control group. Also, after the intervention, the intervention group's total oral feeding weeks were considerably lower, while the feeding efficiency and body weight were significantly higher than the control group. Moreover, the overall adverse reaction rate in the intervention group was lower than that in the control group. Conclusions: Oral motor intervention combined with non-nutritive sucking can significantly improve the oral motor ability of premature newborns, promote the process of oral feeding, improve the outcome of oral feeding, and reduce the occurrence of adverse effects. The combined intervention seems to have a beneficial effect on oral feeding proficiency in preterm infants.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 703-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976107

ABSTRACT

@#Promoting the construction of healthy enterprises in the China's coal industry will help coal enterprises to fulfill their , , legal and social responsibilities contribute to the construction of healthy cities and protect the health of occupational , , individuals from various aspects. In recent years the patriotic health campaign the health promotion project of industrial and , , , mining enterprises the construction of standardized management system of coal mine safety the construction of green mines and the construction project of staff quality have laid the foundation for the construction of healthy enterprises in China's coal , industry. However the development of coal industry in China is unbalanced and insufficient. There are many problems such as a , general lack of professional talents the exist of a large number of small coal mines and the underprivileged technology of coal , , , mining poor working environment in underground coal mines many occupational hazards in workplace and relatively few special incentive measures for the construction of healthy enterprises in the coal industry. It is recommended that coal , enterprises with advanced productivity take the lead to demonstrate coal mine industry construction actively promote advanced , , and applicable technology and equipment steadily improve the professional level of coal industry workers comprehensively , , improve the environment of mining areas strengthen the monitoring and treatment of occupational hazards improve and , - implement special incentive measures for healthy enterprises and comprehensively promote the high quality development of coal industry and the construction of healthy enterprises. So as to effectively protect the health occupational rights and interests of workers and provide assistance for occupational health work in the new era.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 36-43, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940827

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the mechanism of Shenbai Jiedu prescription inhibiting the proliferation of HCT116 colorectal cancer (CRC) cells by regulating the phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/ protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway. MethodShenbai Jiedu prescription was extracted by water extraction and alcohol precipitation to prepare freeze-dried powder. HCT116 cells were cultured in vitro, and treated with different concentrations of Shenbai Jiedu prescription (2, 4, 8, 16 g·L-1). The inhibitory effect of Shenbai Jiedu prescription on the proliferation of HCT116 cells was tested by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT). Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of PTEN, PI3K, Akt, glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β), c-Myc, survivin and Cyclin D1. Western blot was employed to measure the protein expression levels of PTEN, phosphorylated PTEN (p-PTEN), PI3K, Akt, phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), GSK-3β, phosphorylated GSK-3β (p-GSK-3β), c-Myc, survivin and Cyclin D1, β-catenin nuclear import was explored by immunofluorescence assay. ResultCompared with the control group, Shenbai Jiedu prescription inhibited the proliferation of HCT116 cells in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression levels of PTEN and GSK-3β were up-regulated whereas those of PI3K, Akt, c-Myc, survivin and CyclinD1 were down-regulated after treatment with Shenbai Jiedu prescription (P<0.01). The protein expression levels of PTEN, p-PTEN and GSK-3β were up-regulated whereas those of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, GSK-3β, p-GSK-3β, c-Myc, survivin and CyclinD1 were down-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01). Immunofluorescence assay showed that Shenbai Jiedu prescription suppressed β-catenin nuclear import in HCT116 cells. ConclusionShenbai Jiedu prescription inhibited the proliferation of HCT116 cells via the mechanism of regulating the PTEN/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 34-41, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940657

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the mechanism by which Shenbai Jiedu prescription (SBJDF) inhibits the proliferation of colorectal cancer (CRC) HCT116 cells. MethodAfter 48 h treatment of HCT116 cells with SBJDF (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 g·L-1), the viability of HCT116 cells were determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetry. Following the classification of cells into blank control group and SBJDF (1, 2, 4 g·L-1) groups, the effect of SBJDF on HCT116 cell morphology was observed under an inverted microscope. The effects of SBJDF on the proliferation of HCT116 cells and mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm) were detected by colony formation assay and JC-1 probe, respectively. The flow cytometry was then performed for determining cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. The effects of SBJDF on cell cycle-, apoptosis-, and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathway-related proteins were determined by Western blot. ResultSBJDF effectively inhibited the vitality of HCT116 cells and changed their morphology in a concentration-dependent manner. Compared with the blank control group, SBJDF at 1, 2, 4 g·L-1 significantly reduced cell colony formation (P<0.05, P<0.01),and SBJDF at 2 and 4 g·L-1 arrested the HCT116 cell cycle at G0/G1 phase (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the blank control group, SBJDF at 1, 2, 4 g·L-1 remarkably down-regulated the protein expression of CyclinD1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). SBJDF at 2 and 4 g·L-1 lowered the CyclinA2 and cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) (P<0.05, P<0.01). SBJDF at 4 g·L-1 reduced the cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1) (P<0.01). Compared with the blank control group, SBJDF at 2 and 4 g·L-1 induced HCT116 cell apoptosis, down-regulated the protein expression of anti-apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl as well as the NF-κB signaling pathway-related proteins IκB kinase α (IKKα),inhibitor α of NF-κB (IκBα),and phospho-NF-κB p65 (p-p65) (P<0.05, P<0.01), and diminished the mitochondrial membrane potential of HCT116 cells. ConclusionSBJDF inhibits the proliferation of HCT116 cells, which may be related to its inhibition of the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway and the induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 79-85, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940389

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect of Xianlian Jiedu prescription (XLJDP) on the activation of nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway induced by bromodomain-containing protein 4 (Brd4) in hypoxic microenvironment and to explore its mechanism in inhibiting the proliferation of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells. MethodThe human colorectal cancer HT-29 cells were cultured in a hypoxic incubator or normoxia incubator and treated with XLJDP at 0.8,1,1.2,1.6,3.2,6.4,and 12.8 g·L-1 for 48 h, respectively. Following the detection of cell vitality using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetry, the effects of XLJDP (1.25,2.5,and 5 g·L-1) on the cell mitochondrial membrane potential were determined using a fluorescent probe (JC-1), and the apoptosis of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The cell colony formation assay and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EDU) staining were conducted to test the proliferation of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells. The Western blot was carried out to measure the expression levels of Brd4 and its downstream relevant proteins such as c-Myc and hexamethylene bisacetamide-inducible protein 1 (HEXIM1), as well as the effects of XLJDP on related proteins in the NF-κB signaling pathway. ResultCompared with the blank control group, XLJDP at 0.8,1,1.2,1.6,3.2,6.4,and 12.8 g·L-1 inhibited the vitality of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells (P<0.05 , P<0.01), with the median inhibitory concentration (IC50) under the hypoxic condition higher than that under the normoxia condition. Compared with the blank control group, XLJDP at 1.25,2.5,and 5 g·L-1 significantly decreased the mitochondria membrane potential, enhanced the apoptosis (P<0.05,P<0.01), and lowered the number of cell colonies and also the EDU-positive cells (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of Western blot showed that compared with the blank control group, XLJDP at 1.25,2.5,and 5 g·L-1 down-regulated Brd4, c-Myc, p-NF-κB p65, and p-IκBα protein expression to varying degrees and up-regulated the expression of HEXIM1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionIn the hypoxic microenvironment, XLJDP inhibits the proliferation of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells regulated by Brd4, which may be related to its inhibition of the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 72-78, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940388

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Xianlian Jiedu prescription (XLJDP) on the proliferation and glycolysis of human colorectal cancer HCT-116 cells and the underlying mechanism. MethodHCT-116 cells were cultured with XLJDP and then the survival rate was examined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. The effect on the HCT116 cell proliferation was detected by colony formation assay and 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine (EDU) incorporation assay. The amount of glucose consumed by HCT-116 cells was measured by glucose test kit, and the amount of produced lactic acid was determined by lactic acid test kit 48 h after the treatment with XLJDP. The expression of glycolysis-related proteins mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR), glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDHA) was detected by Western blot. ResultThe half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of XLJDP against HCT-116 cells was 6.82 g·L-1. Compared with the blank group, XLJDP (1.625, 3.25, 6.50 g·L-1) inhibited the proliferation of HCT-116 cells (P<0.05, P<0.01). Moreover, compared with the blank group, XLJDP (1.625, 3.25, 6.50 g·L-1) suppressed glucose uptake and lactic acid production in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05, P<0.01). The expression of p-mTOR/mTOR, LDHA, and GLUT1 was down-regulated by XLJDP (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionXLJDP can significantly inhibit the proliferation and the Warburg effect of glycolysis in colorectal cancer cells by regulating the mTOR signaling pathway and the down-regulating the expression of LDHA, GLUT1, and other key proteins and enzymes in glycolysis.

19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1015-1018, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936525

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the prevalence of depressive symptoms among middle school students in Nanjing and the relationship between screen time, sleep duration and depressive symptoms, and to provide a scientific reference for depression prevention in adolescents.@*Methods@#Using stratified cluster random sampling method, a total of 2 010 students from 5 middle schools in urban areas and 3 middle schools in suburban counties were selected. Screen time and sleep duration were evaluated through questionnaires, and depressive symptom was assessed by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D).@*Results@#The prevalence of depressive symptoms (CES-D≥16) was 27.71%(557). Logistic regression analysis showed that students with screen time >2 h/d( OR=1.90, 95%CI =1.53-2.37), sleep duration <7 h/d ( OR=2.54, 95%CI =1.88-3.42) were statistically associated with depressive symptoms. stratified analysis showed that, sleep duration of <7 h/d was associated with increased odds of depressive symptoms, the magnitude among students with screen time >2 h/d( OR=2.46, 95%CI =1.64-3.71) was higher than those with screen time ≤2 h/d( OR=2.35, 95%CI =1.51-3.65).@*Conclusion@#High prevalence of depressive symptoms was observed among middle school students in Nanjing. Prolonged screen time and insufficient sleep duration are associated with increased odds of depressive symptoms. Attention should be paid to the mental health of adolescents with the combined exposure of screen based activities and lack of sleep.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 280-283, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920633

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and dual energy X ray absorptiometry (DXA) for measuring body mineral content (BMC) of children and adolescents, and to provide a basis for BIA to accurately measure BMC in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#By using the convenience sampling method, among 1 469 children and adolescents aged 7-17 were recruited in Guangzhou from April to May 2019, the BMC was measured by DXA and BIA. The intraclass correlation coefficient ( ICC ) and Bland Altman analysis were used to evaluate the agreement between BIA and DXA. Bland Altman analysis was performed on log transformed data. The BMC was categorized into age and specific tertiles, and the agreement between methods was evaluated based on the kappa coefficients. Treating the BMC with DXA as the dependent variable, a prediction model was constructed for correcting the BIA measure.@*Results@#The ICC s were 0.93 and 0.94 for boys and girls, respectively. In Bland Altman analysis, the limits of agreements for the BIA to DXA ratio were wide in boys and girls, ranging from 0.27-0.76 and 0.17-0.72, respectively. The kappa coefficients for categorized BMC levels were 0.57 and 0.45 for boys and girls, respectively, showing a fair to good degree of agreement. When sub grouped by BMI, the kappa coefficients for all BMI groups of boys and overweight girls were all >0.75 , with an excellent agreement. The prediction models for boys and girls were as follows: BMC DXA =-0.51+0.44× BMC BIA + 0.06× Age +0.02× BMI ; and BMC DXA =-0.55+0.43× BMC BIA +0.06× Age +0.02× BMI , respectively. The R 2 for models of boys and girls were 0.87 and 0.87, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The agreement between BIA and DXA was poor for measuring BMC, but acceptable when evaluating the categorized BMC levels, suggesting the BIA may be applied in assessment of the BMC levels when compared to the age and gender specific population. Additionally, the prediction model for correcting BMC by BIA fis well to the measurement by DXA.

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