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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(6): e202202853, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518733

ABSTRACT

Se informa de un lipoblastoma perineal en una niña de 5 años localizado en el labio mayor derecho. La lesión aumentó gradualmente en 6 meses. En la ecografía y la resonancia magnética (RM), se observó un tumor heterogéneo sólido limitado con componente graso. Tras su extirpación quirúrgica, el estudio anatomopatológico confirmó un lipoblastoma. El lipoblastoma es un tumor mesenquimatoso benigno poco frecuente de la lactancia y la primera infancia. Los síntomas varían en función de la localización; pueden observarse signos de compresión de los órganos adyacentes. Este tipo de tumores inusuales de los tejidos blandos son más frecuentes en menores de 3 años. Los lipoblastomas se localizan predominantemente en las extremidades, pero también pueden encontrarse en la cabeza y el cuello, el tronco, el mediastino, el riñón, el mesenterio, el retroperitoneo y el perineo. Se debe sospechar su presencia en función de los hallazgos de la ecografía y la RM.


We reported a perineal lipoblastoma in a 5-year-old girl located in the right labia mayor. The lesion gradually increased within 6 months. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a limited solid heterogenous tumor with fatty component. After it had been surgically removed, the anatomopathological examination confirmed that it was a lipoblastoma. Lipoblastoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor of infancy and early childhood. Symptoms vary depending on localization; signs of compression of adjacent organs may be seen. This type of unusual soft tissue tumors occurred most often in under 3 years old. The localization of lipoblastomas is predominantly in the extremities but may be also found in other sites including the head and neck, trunk, mediastinum, kidney, mesentery, retropritoneum and perineum. The suspicion should be considered according to ultrasound and MRI findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Lipoblastoma/surgery , Lipoblastoma/diagnosis , Lipoblastoma/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Kidney/pathology , Neck/pathology
2.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 365-371, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986799

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the risk factors for complications of endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) of upper gastrointestinal submucosal tumors (SMTs). Methods: This was a retrospective observational study. The indications for EFTR included: (1) SMTs originating from the muscularis propria layer and growing out of the cavity or infiltrating the deep part of the muscularis propria layer; (2) SMTs diameter <5 cm; and (3) tumor identified as closely adherent to the serous layer during endoscopic submucosal dissection or endoscopic mucosal resection. This study included patients with SMTs originating from the muscularis propria layer in upper digestive tract, diagnosed preoperatively by endoscopic ultrasonography or computed tomography, who were successfully treated with EFTR. Those with incomplete clinical data were excluded. The clinical data of 154 patients with upper gastrointestinal SMTs who underwent EFTR at the Department of Gastroenterology, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2016 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Post-EFTR complications (such as delayed perforation, delayed bleeding, and postoperative infection, including electrocoagulation syndrome) were monitored and the risk factors for them were analyzed. Results: Among the 154 study patients, 33 (21.4%) developed complications, including delayed bleeding in three (1.9%), delayed perforation in two (1.3%), and postoperative infection in 28 (18.2%). One patient with bleeding was classified as having a major complication (hospitalized for more than 10 days because of complication). According to univariate analysis, complication was associated with tumor diameter >15 mm, operation time >90 minutes, defect closure method(purse string suture), and diameter of resected specimen ≥20 mm (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that operation time >90 minutes (OR=6.252, 95%CI: 2.530-15.446, P<0.001) and tumor diameter >15 mm (OR=4.843, 95%CI: 1.985-11.817, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for complications after EFTR in patients with upper gastrointestinal SMTs. The independent risk factors for postoperative infection in these patients were operation time>90 minutes (OR=4.993, 95%CI:1.964-12.694, P=0.001) and purse string suture (OR=7.142, 95%CI: 1.953-26.123, P=0.003). Conclusion: Patients with upper gastrointestinal SMTs undergoing EFTR with tumor diameter >15 mm or operation time >90 minutes have a significantly increased risk of postoperative complications. Postoperative monitoring is important for these patients with SMTs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods , Gastroscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Endosonography/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Gastric Mucosa/surgery
3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1116-1120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985435

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Child abuse is a global public health problem, which has emerged as a neglected yet pressing issue in global development. Early and accurate identification of abuse at a lower-age group is of great significance for treatment, which might reduce the risk of re-maltreatment and promote children s physical and mental health development. Therefore, by reviewing the clinical characteristics, risk factors and existing abuse identification and screening tools of child abuse, the study aims at providing basic evidence for the development of child abuse risk identification tools and the establishment of child maltreatment system in China, so as to take timely intervention measures to prevent adverse outcomes or reduce their severity.

4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21639, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439506

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Herein, we examined the protective effect of metoprolol combined with atractylenolide I (Atr I) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) by regulating the SIRT3 (silent information regulator 3)/ß-catenin/peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) signaling pathway. Briefly, 50 rats were randomly divided into the sham operation, model, metoprolol, Atr I, and combination metoprolol with Atr I groups (combined treatment group). The AMI model was established by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. After treatment, infarct size, histopathological changes, and cell apoptosis were examined using 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining, hematoxylin-eosin staining, and the TUNEL assay. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular fraction shortening (LVFS), and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) were detected by echocardiography. Endothelin-1 (ET-1), nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Furthermore, we measured lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK) isoenzyme (CK-MB), and CK levels. Western blotting was performed to determine the expression of SIRT3, ß-catenin, and PPAR-γ. Herein, the combined treatment group exhibited increased levels of LVEF, LVFS, and NO, whereas LVMI, ET-1, TNF-α, IL-6, LDH, CK-MB, and CK levels were decreased. Importantly, the underlying mechanism may afford protection against AMI by increasing the expression levels of SIRT3, ß-catenin, and PPAR-γ


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Sirtuin 3/pharmacology , Metoprolol/agonists , Myocardial Infarction/chemically induced , Echocardiography/instrumentation , Creatine Kinase/classification , Catenins/adverse effects
5.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 158-162, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965859

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To evaluate the pharmacodynamics of human interferon(IFN)α1b against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2)Omicron strain in vitro.Methods Total four drugs human IFNα1b bulk,human IFNα1b eye drops,human IFNα1b spray and Remdesivir were detected for cytotoxicity by CCK-8 assay.The inhibitory effect of human IFNα1b on SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strains(BA.5/BA.2/BA.1)was determined by qPCR.Results Human IFNα1b bulk of the maximum concentration(1 × 107IU/mL)and Remdesivir of the maximum concentration(150 μmol/L)did not achieve half cytotoxicity to Vero cells;The median cytotoxicity concentrations(CC_(50))of human IFNα1b eye drops and human IFNα1b sprays were 29 958 and 37 550 IU/mL,respectively,showing toxicity to Vero cells.The median effective concentrations(EC_(50))of human IFNα1b against virus strains BA.1,BA.2 and BA.5 after incubation for 2 h in advance were 9.30,13.38 and 12.33 IU/mL and those of Remdesivir were 0.314 7,0.291 0 and0.300 3 μmol/L.When incubation with virus simultaneously,the EC_(50)of human IFNα1b to BA.1,BA.2 and BA.5 were19.68,10.91 and 18.84 IU/mL and those of the control drug Remdesivir were 0.320 5,0.274 4 and 0.304 1 μmol/L,respectively.Conclusion At the cell level in vitro,human IFNα1b of very low activity showed a good inhibitory effect on SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain,which was expected to be a clinical specific drug for the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain infection.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 361-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965858

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding tuberculosis prevention and control among college students in Wuhan, China, while analyzing the factors affecting tuberculosis prevention behavior.@*Methods@#Referring to the National KAP Questionnaire for Tuberculosis Prevention and Control among College Students, which was designed by China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 22 colleges and universities in Wuhan were selected using a judgment sampling method, and a questionnaire survey was carried out through the online questionnaire platform. The formation of tuberculosis prevention and control behavior among this population was analyzed by single factor and multi factor Logistic regression.@*Results@#The total awareness rate of KAP regarding tuberculosis prevention and control among college students in Wuhan was 79.69%; the awareness rate of core knowledge was 79.28%, and the passing rate was 92.46%. The correct attitude holding rate was 89.69%, while the passing rate was 90.56%. In respect to correct behavior, the formation rate was 72.11%, with a passing rate of 96.62%. The multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the following factors were more likely to promote tuberculosis prevention and control behaviors that met the target: female college students ( OR =1.86); college students whose father had a primary school education level, junior high school and equivalent, high school and equivalent, and junior high school students ( OR =2.94, 3.05, 3.17, 3.24 ); no history of tuberculosis ( OR =3.32); the passing knowledge of core knowledge ( OR =9.91), and the passing attitude holding score ( OR =7.35)( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The overall awareness rate of KAP regarding tuberculosis prevention and control among college students in Wuhan is acceptable,the mainly influenced factors are gender, history of tuberculosis, awareness rate of core knowledge about prevention and control, attitudes and cognition, and parents educational background.

7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(6): e278-e282, dic. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1399732

ABSTRACT

La displasia frontometafisaria 2 (DFM2) es una enfermedad rara causada por una mutación en el gen MAP3K7. En este artículo, se informa sobre un paciente de 7 años con DFM2 causada por una variante nueva de corte y empalme en MAP3K7. El paciente presenta las características frecuentes de la DFM2, pero algunas nunca antes informadas. No se dispone de una descripción sistemática de las características de las imágenes tomográficas de la DFM2. Describimos ciertas diferencias en las características de la DFM2, la bibliografía publicada y las manifestaciones imagenológicas generales de la DFM2. Este caso resalta la importancia del valor clínico de la tomografía computada (TC) y la renderización de volúmenes (VR) en el diagnóstico de la DFM2. Las características de la DFM2 pueden observarse claramente en los estudios tomográficos, lo que señala la gran importancia de la TC para el diagnóstico y el tratamiento precoces de los pacientes con DFM2.


Frontometaphyseal dysplasia 2 (FMD2) is a rare disease caused by MAP3K7 gene mutation. We report a 7-year-old sporadic patient with FMD2 due to a de novo splicing variant in MAP3K7. He has the common characteristics of FMD2 but also has some characteristics that have never been reported, which increases the clinical phenotype of FMD2. Moreover, no systematic description of the imaging characteristics of FMD2 in computed tomography (CT) is available. In the present work, we found some different features of FMD2, reviewed previous literature, and summarized the general imaging manifestations of FMD2. This case emphasizes the important clinical value of CT and VR in the diagnosis of FMD2. We can clearly find the characteristics of FMD2 by CT examination, indicating its great significance for the prompt diagnosis and treatment of FMD2 patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Osteochondrodysplasias/complications , Osteochondrodysplasias/diagnosis , Osteochondrodysplasias/genetics , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension , Phenotype , Forehead
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 429-432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927401

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces professor MA Hui-fang's experience in age-related macular degeneration treated with acupuncture at Jingming (BL 1). It is believed that the basic pathogenesis of this disease refers to liver and kidney insufficiency and weakness of spleen qi. Based on the academic ideas of yang qi and meridian-collateral system, the treatment principle is proposed as "invigorating yang qi, replenishing the liver and kidney and nourishing the spleen and stomach". Regarding acupoint selection, Jingming (BL 1) is specially used, combined with the 4 front-mu points (Zhongwan [CV 12], Guanyuan [CV 4] and bilateral Tianshu [ST 25]), as well as the empirical points for eye diseases (Jingming [BL 1], Baihui [GV 20] and Zulinqi [GB 41]). Concerning to needling technique, shuci (transport needling), fenci (intermuscular needling) and yuandaoci (distal needling) are dominated. Eventually, a set of unique therapeutic method has been accumulated through professor MA Hui-fang's clinical practice in treatment of age-related macular degeneration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Macular Degeneration/therapy , Meridians
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 183-191, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940708

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo conduct phylogenetic analysis of internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and chloroplast gene segments including psbA-trnH, rbcL, and matK of Sophora japonica cv. jinhuai resource samples from different geographical sources, and to explore the genetic diversity of S. japonica cv. jinhuai. MethodPolymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was used to amplify the nucleic acid sequences of ITS2, psbA-trnH, rbcL, and matK of S. japonica cv. jinhuai. Neighbor joining (NJ) method was used to construct phylogenetic trees, and Kimura 2-Parameter (K2P) model was used to calculate the genetic distance of different samples. MEGA and BIOEDIT softwares were applied for mutiple alignment and analysis of ITS2, psbA-trnH, rbcL, and matK sequences of S. japonica cv. jinhuai. ResultThe lengths of ITS2 sequence were 278-279 bp. The lengths of psbA-trnH were 289 bp. The lengths of rbcL sequence were 673 bp. The lengths of matK sequences were 786-792 bp. There were 3 mutation points in ITS2 and psbA-trnH, no mutation point in rbcL, and 13 mutation points in matK. The samples of S. japonica cv. jinhuai were clustered into two groups based on the phylogenetic tree constructed by ITS2 sequences. The sample of seedling tree in Baibao was clustered into one group, while the other 25 samples were clustered into another group. For the psbA-trnH sequence, the success rate of PCR amplification of 28 samples of S. japonica cv. jinhuai was 100%. The 28 samples of S. japonica cv. jinhuai were clustered into three groups based on the clustering results of psbA-trnH sequence. The sample of seedling tree in Shaoshui was clustered into one group. The five samples of grafting tree and seedling tree in Miaotou, grafting trees in Jiantang, Wenqiao, and Daxu, and seeding tree in Xianshui were clustered into one group. The other 21 samples were clustered into another group. The 26 samples of S. japonica cv. jinhuai were clustered into two groups based on the phylogenetic tree constructed by matK sequences. The sample of seedling tree in Xianshui was clustered into one group, while the other 25 samples were clustered into another group. The clustering results of the rbcL sequence of S. japonica cv. jinhuai could not distinguish 28 resource samples. The phylogenetic tree constructed by the combined sequence of ITS2+psbA-trnH+rbcL+matK divided S. japonica cv. jinhuai resource samples into 4 groups. The 13 samples of seedling trees in Qiyang, Daoxian, Miaotou, Shaoshui, Shitang, Xianshui, Jiantang, and Xiangli, and grafting trees in Qiyang, Miaotou, Yongsui, Wenqiao, and Yangtang were clustered into one group. The sample of seedling tree in Wenqiao was clustered into one group. The sample of seedling tree in Daxu was clustered into one group. The remaining samples were clustered into another group. ConclusionPhylogenetic and mutation analysis provide the theoretic foundation to investigate the evolution of the resources of S. japonica cv. jinhuai, and evaluate their genuineness. The results of mutation points can be used to identify the related S. japonica cv. jinhuai resources. The findings of this study show that the combination of different gene sequences has an optimal effect on plant identification.

10.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 1107-1112, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906697

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:分析miR-19对PTEN及PI3K-Akt通路的调节作用,揭示miR-19和PTEN对子宫内膜癌KLE细胞侵袭、迁移的影响及其机制。方法:收集2017年5月至2020年8月河北医科大学第一医院收治的74例子宫内膜癌患者经手术切除(术前未接受放化疗等治疗)且病理确诊为子宫内膜癌的肿瘤组织及对应癌旁组织,采用qPCR和WB法检测PTEN在子宫内膜癌组织中的表达水平以及转染miR-19模拟物或抑制物对KLE细胞中PTEN表达的影响。通过TargetScan及双荧光素酶报告基因实验预测并验证PTEN是否为miR-19的靶基因,将KLE细胞随机分为对照(NC)组、miR-19模拟物组和miR-19+PTEN组,分别转染阴性对照片段(miR-NC)、miR-19模拟物或共转染miR-19模拟物+PTEN过表达载体,采用Transwell和细胞划痕实验检测miR-19和PTEN对KLE细胞迁移和侵袭能力的影响,WB法检测对PI3K-Akt通路相关蛋白表达的影响。结果:子宫内膜癌组织中PTEN的mRNA和蛋白表达水平均明显低于癌旁组织(均P<0.01)。miR-19能与PTEN mRNA的3’-UTR特异性结合,上调miR-19的表达能抑制PTEN的mRNA和蛋白的表达,下调miR-19的表达则出现相反的结果(均P<0.01)。与miR-NC组相比,miR-19 模拟物组的迁移、侵袭细胞数以及划痕愈合率均显著升高(均P<0.01),而miR-19+PTEN组的细胞迁移和侵袭能力以及划痕愈合率较miR-19摸拟物组则明显降低(均P<0.01);与miR-NC组相比,miR-19模拟物组中PTEN蛋白的表达明显降低,而p-Akt 308和p-Akt 473蛋白的表达明显升高,Akt蛋白的表达无明显变化(均P<0.01);而在miR-19+PTEN组中,p-Akt 308和p-Akt 473蛋白的表达均明显低于miR-19模拟物组(均P<0.01)。结论:miR-19可能通过抑制PTEN的表达从而活化PI3K-Akt通路,进而促进子宫内膜癌KLE细胞的迁移和侵袭。

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1670-1673, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906554

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the associations between sleep duration and negative emotions among junior college students,and to provide reference for mental health promotion among college students.@*Methods@#Cluster sampling method were used to select 2 524 freshmen from a college in Huainan, Anhui Province. Questionnaires were used to investigate general demographic characteristics, sleep timing, negative emotions and other information. The restricted cubic spline and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analyze the relationship between sleep duration and negative emotion among junior college students.@*Results@#The prevalence of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, stress associated symptoms were 19.41%(490), 28.2%(713), 9.9%(250) respectively.The prevalence of negative emotions was higher among boys(24.3%,34.0%,19.1%) than girls(18.7%,27.4%,8.5%). The differences between groups were statistically significant( P <0.01). After adjusting for confounding factors, sleep duration and negative emotions showed a non linear dose response relationship. Compared with the reference group(8-<9 h), sleep duration <7 h was significantly associated with an increased risk of depressive symptoms and stress symptoms, and <8 h was associated with an increased risk of anxiety symptoms. The additional sleep time on weekends ≥5 h was associated with negative emotions compared with the reference group(<1 h)( P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Short sleep duration and extra weekend sleep are associated with negative emotions. Reasonable sleep schedule among junior college students might be helpful for the prevention and control of negative emotions.

12.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 906-909, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904794

ABSTRACT

@#Phthalic acid esters (PAEs) are commonly used plasticizers and solvents. Human body is exposed and absorbed mainly through diet, skin and air inhalation. The biological samples such as urine, blood, saliva, semen and breast milk generally contain PAEs and their metabolites, but the concentrations of PAEs metabolites vary in different samples. In the general population, the levels of PAEs are higher in children than in adults, and higher in women than in men; the levels of PAEs are higher in the occupational population than in the general population. In this paper, the research of PAEs related human biomonitoring in the general population and occupational population at home and abroad is reviewed, so as to provide the basis for reducing the exposure of PAEs and related health risk.

13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 413-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Xiajuxu" (ST 39) on intestinal flora and Toll-like receptors-4 (TLR4) in brain and intestinal tissue in rats with stress gastric ulcer (SGU), and to explore the possible mechanism of acupuncture for SGU.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the gastric mucosal damage index was significantly increased in the model group (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Xiajuxu" (ST 39) could alleviate SGU in rats, and its mechanism may be related to increasing the diversity of intestinal flora, promoting the disorder of intestinal flora to normal, and reducing the overexpression of TLR4 in brain and intestinal tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stomach Ulcer/therapy , Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics
14.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(6): 565-569, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153489

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT COVID-19 has raised worldwide concern as spiraling into a pandemic. Reports about comprehensive investigation of COVID-19 viremia are extremely scanty. Herein, we present four COVID-19 patients with positive SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test in blood, accounting for 12.12% of 33 detected cases. Rapid deterioration of these cases with septic shock, accompanying with lung CT images enlarged rapidly, decrease of blood oxygen, heart rate drop (with asynchrony of hypoxemia) accompanied with SARS-CoV-2 viremia. It indicates that massive replication and releasing into blood of SARS-CoV-2 and secondary inflammation storm may lead to injury of multiple organs and poor prognosis. So, positive COVID-19 nucleic acid test in blood may be a good forecasting marker of rapid deterioration of COVID-19 pneumonia. In addition, clearance of viremia may indicate tendency for recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral , Coronavirus Infections , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Viremia , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
15.
J Biosci ; 2020 May; : 1-9
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214294

ABSTRACT

In this study, the regulatory effect of the overexpression of polarity protein Lgl2 on the nuclear export ofinfluenza A virus nucleoprotein in infected cells was investigated. A stable Tet-Off inducible MDCK cell lineexpressing a fusion protein comprising Lgl2 and an enhanced yellow fluorescent protein were used. TCID50analysis and neuraminidase activity analysis revealed that replication of influenza A virus was inhibited in Lgl2overexpressing cells. By immunofluorescence microscopical observation at different time point post virusinfection, a retention of NP in cellular nucleus was found in Lgl2 overexpressing cells. Compared with normalMDCK cells, change in claudin-1 distribution between cell contacts caused by Lgl2 overexpression impairedthe barrier function of tight junction. These results suggest that changes in cell polarity induced by Lgl2overexpressing will affect virus NP transportation.

16.
Clinics ; 75: e1546, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: High incidence and case fatality of unstable angina (UA) is, to a large extent, a consequence of the lack of highly sensitive and specific non-invasive markers. Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been widely recommended as potential biomarkers for numerous diseases. In the present study, we characterized distinctive miRNA expression profiles in patients with stable angina (SA), UA, and normal coronary arteries (NCA), and identified promising candidates for UA diagnosis. METHODS: Serum was collected from patients with SA, UA, and NCA who visited the Department of Cardiovascular Diseases of the Meizhou People's Hospital. Small RNA sequencing was carried out on an Illumina HiSeq 2500 platform. miRNA expression in different groups of patients was profiled and then confirmed based on that in an independent set of patients. Functions of differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted using gene ontology classification and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis. RESULTS: Our results indicated that circulating miRNA expression profiles differed between SA, UA, and NCA patients. A total of 36 and 161 miRNAs were dysregulated in SA and UA patients, respectively. miRNA expression was validated by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that circulating miRNAs are potential biomarkers of UA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Angina, Unstable , Base Sequence , Biomarkers , Gene Expression Profiling , Circulating MicroRNA
17.
Clinics ; 75: e1865, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133469

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Hypoxia leads to endothelial cell inflammation, apoptosis, and damage, which plays an important role in the complications associated with ischemic cardiovascular disease. As an oxidoreductase, p66Shc plays an important role in the regulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and apoptosis. Ketamine is widely used in clinics. This study was designed to assess the potential protective effect of ketamine against hypoxia-induced injury in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Moreover, we explored the potential mechanism by which ketamine protected against hypoxia-induced endothelial injury. METHODS: The protective effects of ketamine against hypoxia-induced injury was assessed using cell viability and adhesion assays, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and western blotting. RESULTS: Our data showed that hypoxia reduced HUVEC viability, increased the adhesion between HUVECs and monocytes, and upregulated the expression of endothelial adhesion molecules at the protein and mRNA levels. Moreover, hypoxia increased ROS accumulation and upregulated p66Shc expression. Furthermore, hypoxia downregulated sirt1 expression in HUVECs. Alternatively, ketamine was shown to reverse the hypoxia-mediated reduction of cell viability and increase in the adhesion between HUVECs and monocytes, ameliorate hypoxia-induced ROS accumulation, and suppress p66Shc expression. Moreover, EX527, a sirt1 inhibitor, reversed the protective effects of ketamine against the hypoxia-mediated reduction of cell viability and increase in adhesion between HUVECs and monocytes. CONCLUSION: Ketamine reduces hypoxia-induced p66Shc expression and attenuates ROS accumulation via upregulating sirt1 in HUVECs, thus attenuating hypoxia-induced endothelial cell inflammation and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Apoptosis/drug effects , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Ketamine/pharmacology , Hypoxia , Umbilical Veins , Cell Survival , Oxidative Stress , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Src Homology 2 Domain-Containing, Transforming Protein 1
18.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 425-435, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827227

ABSTRACT

Emodin (1, 3, 8-trihydroxy-6-methylanthraquinone) is a derived anthraquinone compound extracted from roots and barks of pharmaceutical plants, including Rheum palmatum, Aloe vera, Giant knotweed, Polygonum multiflorum and Polygonum cuspidatum. The review aims to provide a scientific summary of emodin in pharmacological activities and toxicity in order to identify the therapeutic potential for its use in human specific organs as a new medicine. Based on the fundamental properties, such as anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, antivirs, anti-diabetes, immunosuppressive and osteogenesis promotion, emodin is expected to become an effective preventive and therapeutic drug of cancer, myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis, diabetes, acute pancreatitis, asthma, periodontitis, fatty livers and neurodegenerative diseases. This article intends to provide a novel insight for further development of emodin, hoping to reveal the potential of emodin and necessity of further studies in this field.

19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 526-532, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20), "Zhongwan" (CV 12) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) on intestinal flora in rats with stress gastric ulcer (SGU) , and to explore the mechanism of acupuncture promoting SGU recovery.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one SPF SD rats were randomly divided into a control group (7 rats), a model control group (8 rats), an acupuncture group (8 rats) and a medication group (8 rats). The rats in the model group, acupuncture group and medication group were selected to applied the improved restraint water-immersion stress method to establish the SGU model. After modeling, the rats in the control group and model group were fixed and restrained for 20 min every day for a total of 5 days; the rats in the acupuncture group were intervented with acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20), "Zhongwan" (CV 12) and "Zusanli" (ST 36), once a day, 20 min each time, and twisting needle for 30 s every 5 min for a total of 5 days; the rats in the medication group were gavaged by solution of omeprazole enteric-coated tablet (200 mg/mL), 2 mL for each rat, once a day. Guth method was used to calculate the gastric mucosal damage index (GMDI), HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of gastric mucosa, and 16SrDNA identification was used to detect the structural abundance of intestinal flora.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the GMDI of rats in the model group was increased (<0.01), the gastric mucosal pathological changes were significant, and the intestinal flora richness index Chao1, Observed species and diversity index Shannon were all decreased (<0.05), the diversity index Simpson was increased (<0.05). Compared with the model group, the GMDI of rats in the acupuncture group and medication group was reduced (<0.01, <0.05), the gastric mucosal damage degree was reduced, and the intestinal flora richness index Chao1, Observed species and diversity index Shannon were all increased (<0.05) and the diversity index Simpson decreased (<0.05). Compared with the medication group, the GMDI of rats in the acupuncture group was reduced (<0.01), the recovery of gastric mucosal injury was better than that of the medication group.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture can effectively improve gastric mucosal injury of SGU, and the mechanism may be related to increasing the diversity of intestinal flora and promoting the correction of the disordered intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stomach Ulcer , Microbiology , Therapeutics
20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1159-1161, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817585

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the status of awarences and the influencing factors of food safety among medical students in Shangdong Province,and to provide a reference for improving a healthy eating habit among students on their knowledge about food safety,attitude and behavior.@*Methods@#A total of 2 322 students from 2 medical colleges and universities in Shandong province selected through stratified cluster sampling were investigated with questionnaires.@*Results@#Univariate analysis of variance showed that food safety knowledge differed by gender, grade, major, origin of student, whether learned nutrition knowledge, monthly cost on food (χ2/H=20.48, 128.02, 98.61, 36.50, 77.60, 171.03,P<0.01). In multiple Logistic regression analysis, results showed that gender, major,origin of student, monthly cost on food and the attention of food affect college students’ food safety awareness (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Food safety awareness among medical students in Shandong Province is relatively high but varies by multiple factors. It is necessary to improve food safety awareness of medical students through various channels.

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