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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 98(3): 324-330, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439195

ABSTRACT

Abstract Backgroud Homocitrulline (Hcit), is involved in the pathological processes of some diseases. However, the role and function of Hcit (CBL) in human skin remains largely obscure. Objective To investigate the correlation of the level of Hcit in seborrheic keratosis, skin aging, and its clinical significance. Methods Immunohistochemistry was used to analyze the level of Hcit in skin lesions of seborrheic keratosis (SK), unaffected skin (distant 0.5 centimeters from SK lesion), and normal skin of healthy subjects in the control group. ELISA test was used to detect the serum level of CBL in SK patients and healthy subjects of different ages. Results Hcit was mainly localized in the nucleus of epidermal cells. In healthy control skin, the expression of Hcit increased with age and showed a positive correlation with age (the correlation coefficient was 0.806, p = 0.0002). The expressional level of Hcit in SK lesions was higher than that in healthy control skin (Z = −3.703, p = 0.0002). The serum level of CBL in healthy subjects and in SK patients increased with age (the correlation coefficient were 0.5763, p = 0.0032; 0.682, p = 0.004. respectively). The serum level of CBL in SK patients was higher than that in healthy subjects (Z = −2.19, p = 0.030). Study limitations The small serum sample size in the study. Conclusion The high expressional level of Hcit is correlated with seborrheic keratosis and skin aging. HCit may be one of the potential biomarkers of skin aging.

2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 308-318, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430503

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Gastrin plays a vital role in the development and progression of gastric cancer (GC). Its expression is up-regulated in GC tissues and several GC cell lines. Yet, the underlying mechanism remains to be investigated. Here, we aim to investigate the role and mechanism of gastrin in GC proliferation. Gastrin-overexpressing GC cell model was constructed using SGC7901 cells. Then the differentially expressed proteins were identified by iTRAQ analysis. Next, we use flow cytometry and immunofluorescence to study the effect of gastrin on the mitochondrial potential and mitochondria-derived ROS production. Finally, we studied the underlying mechanism of gastrin regulating mitochondrial function using Co-IP, mass spectrometry and immunofluorescence. Overexpression of gastrin promoted GC cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. A total of 173 proteins were expressed differently between the controls and gastrin- overexpression cells and most of these proteins were involved in tumorigenesis and cell proliferation. Among them, Cox17, Cox5B and ATP5J that were all localized to the mitochondrial respiratory chain were down-regulated in gastrin-overexpression cells. Furthermore, gastrin overexpression led to mitochondrial potential decrease and mitochondria-derived ROS increase. Additionally, gastrin-induced ROS generation resulted in the inhibition of cell apoptosis via activating NF-kB, inhibiting Bax expression and promoting Bcl-2 expression. Finally, we found gastrin interacted with mitochondrial membrane protein Annexin A2 using Co-IP and mass spectrometry. Overexpr ession of gastrin inhibits GC cell apoptosis by inducing mitochondrial dysfunction through interacting with mitochondrial protein Annexin A2, then up-regulating ROS production to activate NF-kB and further leading to Bax/Bcl-2 ratio decrease.


La gastrina juega un papel vital en el desarrollo y progresión del cáncer gástrico (CG). Su expresión está regulada al alza en tejidos de CG y en varias líneas celulares de CG. Sin embargo, el mecanismo subyacente aun no se ha investigado. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar el papel y el mecanismo de la gastrina en la proliferación de CG. El modelo de células CG que sobre expresan gastrina se construyó usando células SGC7901. Luego, las proteínas expresadas diferencialmente se identificaron mediante análisis iTRAQ. A continuación, utilizamos la citometría de flujo y la inmunofluorescencia para estudiar el efecto de la gastrina en el potencial mitocondrial y la producción de ROS derivada de las mitocondrias. Finalmente, estudiamos el mecanismo subyacente de la gastrina que regula la función mitocondrial utilizando Co-IP, espectrometría de masas e inmunofluorescencia. La sobreexpresión de gastrina promovió la proliferación de células CG in vitro e in vivo. Un total de 173 proteínas se expresaron de manera diferente entre los controles y las células con sobreexpresión de gastrina y la mayoría de estas proteínas estaban implicadas en la tumorigenesis y la proliferación celular. Entre estas, Cox17, Cox5B y ATP5J, todas localizadas en la cadena respiratoria mitocondrial, estaban reguladas a la baja en las células con sobreexpresión de gastrina. Además, la sobreexpresión de gastrina provocó una disminución del potencial mitocondrial y un aumento de las ROS derivadas de las mitocondrias. Por otra parte, la generación de ROS inducida por gastrina resultó en la inhibición de la apoptosis celular mediante la activación de NF-kB, inhibiendo la expresión de Bax y promoviendo la expresión de Bcl-2. Finalmente, encontramos que la gastrina interactuaba con la proteína de membrana mitocondrial Anexina A2 usando Co-IP y espectrometría de masas. La sobreexpresión de gastrina inhibe la apoptosis de las células CG al inducir la disfunción mitocondrial a través de la interacción con la proteína mitocondrial Anexina A2, luego regula el aumento de la producción de ROS para activar NF-kB y conduce aún más a la disminución de la relación Bax/Bcl-2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Gastrins/metabolism , Annexin A2/metabolism , Mitochondria/pathology , Mass Spectrometry , NF-kappa B , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Reactive Oxygen Species , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Immunoprecipitation , Cell Proliferation , Carcinogenesis , Flow Cytometry
3.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 16-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974103

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics of HCV genotypes and subtypes in patients with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus, HIV)/HCV co-infection in Kunming based on the nucleocapsid protein gene sequence of HCV (hepatitis C virus). Methods Serum was collected from HIV/HCV co-infected patients with household registration in 14 county-level cities, districts and counties under the jurisdiction of Kunming, who admitted to Yunnan Provincial Infectious Disease Hospital from March to August 2019. The viral RNA was extracted from the serum, reverse transcribed to synthesize cDNA, and the HCV nucleocapsid protein gene-specific primers were used for nested PCR amplification. The positive amplification products were sequenced, bioinformatics software such as DNAstar and MEGAX were used for sequence analysis. Results A total of 64 samples from co-infected patients with clinical diagnosis of suspected HIV/HCV were collected and amplified by HCV nucleocapsid protein gene-specific primers, of which 17 samples were amplified positively. The results of sequence analysis showed that the sequences of 9 cases were located in the same evolutionary branch as the HCV 3b subtype sequence, and the nucleotide homology was 93.3%-95.2%; the sequences of 5 cases were located in the same evolutionary branch as the HCV 1b subtype sequence, and the nucleotide homology was 96.8%-97.6%; the sequence of one case and the subtype sequence of HCV 3a gene were located in the same evolutionary branch, and the nucleotide homology was 95.2%; the sequence of one case and HCV 6n gene subtype sequence were located in the same evolutionary branch, and the nucleotide homology was 97.9%; One case was located in the same evolutionary branch as the HCV 6u gene subtype sequence, and the nucleotide homology was 98.4%. Conclusions HCV 1b, HCV 3a, HCV 3b, HCV 6n and HCV 6u genotypes or subtypes of HCV are prevalent in Kunming, and HCV 3b is the most prevalent genotype.

4.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(6): 101334, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528114

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: The Lateral Arm Free Flap (LAFF) offers advantageous features like variable thickness and minimal hair growth. LAFF is primarily used in orofacial and pharyngeal reconstructions, with limited reports on tracheal/esophageal applications. Also, the psychological prognosis and quality of life in patients with LAFF reconstruction are lacking. Methods: This retrospective case series presents outcomes of LAFF reconstruction for head and neck surgical defects which included 19 patients. The disease type, location of reconstruction, TNM staging, tumor size, chemoradiation status, anxiety, depression, quality of life and detailed perioperative information of the LAFF reconstruction surgery were presented in a descriptive pattern. Subgroup analysis was conducted using Mann-Whitney U and Pearson r test Conclusions: The lateral arm free flap exhibits remarkable versatility and multifunctionality, providing advantageous outcomes in head and neck reconstruction. Level of evidence: Level 4 according to OCEBM.

5.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2022 Jan; 70(1): 138-142
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-224074

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To propose a three?step sterilization method for Goldmann tonometer prism (GTP) and to analyze the sterilization effects of each step. Methods: 120 patients (240 eyes) who underwent Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) IOP measurement were enrolled in this study. GTPs were used individually for each patient and wiped by swabs soaked with 75% ethyl alcohol, ofloxacin eye drops, and 75% ethyl alcohol for at least 5 s. GTPs were directly pressed onto the surface of agar plates before (W0) and after three?step sterilization (W1, W2, and W3). All the agars were sent to the laboratory in 2 h and incubated at 37°C for 48 h. Subsequently, the growth of microbial species was assessed through visual inspection of the colonies at the inoculation points on the agar surface. Results: Staphylococcus. epidermidis was the most frequently isolated bacterium and was observed in 23.33% of all prisms. Most of the bacteria were eliminated at W3 except Staphylococcus. epidermidis and Kocuria roseus in one case. The isolation rates of Staphylococcus genus and Staphylococcus. epidermidis were significantly decreased (both with P < 0.001). The number of bacteria types isolated from prisms at time point W2 and W3 had a statistically significant difference compared with W1 and W (both with P < 0.05), while W2 and W3 exhibited no significant difference. Conclusion: This three?step sterilization method for GTP proved to be effective and safe for repeated use. We recommend using ofloxacin to prevent the transmission of pathogens based on ethyl alcohol, which could also bring some economic benefits.

6.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 284-293, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924659

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:探索抗HSP90单克隆抗体28C10通过靶向肿瘤干细胞促进顺铂(cisplatin,DDP)对人胃癌细胞PAMC82恶性生物学行为的抑制效果及其可能的作用机制。方法: 28C10单独或与DDP联合处理人胃癌细胞PAMC82,采用不同实验方法检测该细胞的无血清成球能力、迁移和侵袭能力与克隆形成能力,CCK-8法检测28C10对PAMC82细胞恶性生物学行为和协同DDP抗癌能力的影响。采用细胞免疫荧光及流式细胞术检测PAMC82细胞中HSP90及eHSP90(extracellular HSP90)的表达、定位、eHSP90+亚群比例,以及28C10处理后对ALDH+、CD44+、eHSP90+细胞亚群的影响。采用WB实验检测28C10作用后PAMC82细胞中HSP90、干性相关蛋白以及PI3K/AKT/mTOR信号通路蛋白表达的变化。结果:胃癌细胞PAMC82膜表面表达eHSP90,具有2%~3%的eHSP90+细胞亚群,且eHSP90+细胞多为与ALDH+或CD44+共阳性细胞。28C10处理能显著抑制PAMC82细胞的成球、克隆形成、增殖、耐药、迁移及侵袭能力,而且和DDP联用的效果更明显(P<0.05或P<0.01)。流式细胞术分析发现28C10处理显著抑制PAMC82细胞的eHSP90+、ALDH+和CD44+亚群数量(均P<0.01)。免疫荧光实验发现28C10作用后eHSP90发生内吞,WB实验结果显示eHSP90、CD44、ALDH和干性相关蛋白OCT4、SOX2表达量均降低(P<0.05或P<0.01)。结论:抗HSP90单克隆抗体28C10可靶向胃癌PAMC82细胞的ALDH+、CD44+肿瘤干细胞相关亚群、内化eHSP90且降低细胞总HSP90的水平、抑制PI3K/AKT/mTOR信号通路,从而有效地抑制PAMC82细胞的干性、耐药和其他恶性生物学行为,协同DDP显著提高抗癌效果。

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 378-381, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923109

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the PE sport load and its influencing factors of primary school students and to provide the basis for scientific and reasonable arrangement of PE sport load and increase its exercise effect.@*Methods@#A total of 208 students from grade 5 and grade 6 of Small Wild Goose Pagoda Primary School in Xi an were selected. Stopwatch and PolarOH1 photosensitive heart rate sensor were used to record the time of each PE lesson, the students practice time and the continuous heart rate of the students during PE lesson. The exercise intensity and sport load of PE lesson were calculated by heart rate interval and training impulse (TRIMP) to evaluate the scientific nature and effectiveness of physical education.@*Results@#The average continuous heart rate was (132.5±15.2)time per min. The primary school students PE classes were mainly of low moderate intensity, and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) accounted for 36.7% of the total class time.The average TRIMP of PE was (76.62±26.69). The average exercise density was 53.6%, and the average time of preparation, basic and end parts was 13.32, 25.57 and 0.50 min, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The PE intensity and TRIMP of primary school students are too small, the cumulative time of MVPA is insufficient, the PE exercise density is appropriate, the preparation part is too long, and the end part is too short. Therefore, the PE exercise load should be strengthened to improve the sports quality of PE students.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 724-730, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922899

ABSTRACT

The α-conotoxins are peptide toxins that are identified from the venom of marine cone snails and they hold outstanding potency on various subtypes of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). nAChRs have an important role in regulating transmitter release, cell excitability, and neuronal integration, so nAChR dysfunctions have been involved in a variety of severe pathologies. Four types of α-3/5 conotoxins MI, MIA, MIB and MIC have been found from Conus magus. Among them, the activity and selectivity of MIA and MIB have not been well studied. In this study, four α-3/5 conotoxins MI, MIA, MIB and MIC were synthesized by solid peptide synthesis method, and the bioactivities of them were screened by double electrode voltage clamp electrophysiology. The results showed that MIA and MIB selectively inhibited muscle type acetylcholine receptors with IC50 values of 14.45 and 72.78 nmol·L-1, respectively, which are slightly weaker than MI and MIC. Molecular docking results have shown MIA and MIB interact with muscle-type nAChRs with similar mechanism. The reasons for activity differences may relate to the size of the N-terminal amino acids. Together, the conotoxins MIA and MIB may have the potential to develop as a tool for detect the function of muscle type nAChRs, as well as the diagnosis or treat of related diseases.

9.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 827-831, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936415

ABSTRACT

@#Deep bite is a common clinical malocclusion that has a great impact on patients’ facial aesthetics and oral function. Bite opening is the key step in the treatment of deep bite, playing a decisive role in the development of mandible and the progress of orthodontic treatment. Torque and tip control during the correction of deep bites is a hot topic in orthodontics. The three-dimensional finite element method can accurately simulate clinical processes and conduct dynamic stress analysis, which provides the basis of the biomechanical mechanism. This paper reviewed the finite element analysis of various orthodontic systems for bite opening to provide a reference for clinical application. The emergence of mini-implants provided a new idea for anchorage control in bite opening. Finite element studies found that high-positioned mini-implants are beneficial for bodily tooth intrusion and proposed the ideal position for force application. For the finite element simulation of the reverse curve archwire, it was found that the intrusion and inclination of the anterior teeth increased with the curve depth of the archwire. The application of clear aligners has also been flourishing, but these forces are still difficult to effectively control. Finite element studies on their attachment design and corresponding tooth movement may be helpful to open the bite quickly and effectively. However, the existing studies still have modeling limitations. The structural simplification, linearization and nonstandard parameter definition of the model reduce model accuracy. Additionally, the existing research mostly focused on initial tooth movement, and studies on long-term tooth movement after bone remodeling are lacking. These studies are needed in the future.

10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 178-185, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the fixation model of anterior cervical transpedicular system (ACTPS) after subtotal resection of two segments of lower cervical spine(C3-C7) in order to provide a finite element modeling method for anterior cervical reconstruction.@*METHODS@#The CT data of the cervical segment (C1-T1) of a 30-year-old adult healthy male volunteer was collected. Used Mimics 10.0, Rapidform XOR3, HyperMesh 10.0, CATIA5V19 and ANSYS 14.0 to establish the three-dimensional nonlinear complete model of lower cervical spine(C3-C7) as the intact group. The number of units and nodes of the complete model were recorded. After the effectiveness of the complete model was verified, the C5 and C6 vertebral subtotal resection was performed, and the ACTPS model was established as the ACTPS group. The axial force of 75 N and moment couple of 1N·m was loaded on the upper surface of C3 in intact group and ACTPS group, the range of motion(ROM)and stress distribution in states of flexion extension, lateral flexion, rotation was compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 85 832 elements and 23 612 nodes in the complete model of lower cervical spine(C3-C7) which was established in this experiment. The stress distribution of ACTPS internal fixation model was relatively uniform. Comparing with the intact group, the overall range of motion in ACTPS group was decreased in flexion extension, lateral flexion and rotation directions, and the corresponding compensation of adjacent C3,4 segment was increased slightly.@*CONCLUSION@#The stress distribution of ACTPS fixation system is uniform, there is no stress concentration area at the joint of screw and titanium plate, and the fracture risk of internal fixation is low. It is suitable for stability reconstruction after anterior decompression of two or more cervical segments.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Screws , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Range of Motion, Articular , Spinal Fusion
11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 759-763, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877148

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the status of follow-up cell testing of HIV/AIDS cases among young students aged 15-24 in Guangdong Province from 2008 to 2019.@*Methods@#Using the historical database downloaded from the AIDS Comprehensive Prevention and Control Information System from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019, eligible newly discovered cases were screened by year and were linked with follow-up database. Joinpoint regression model and trend test were used to explore the annual changes in the follow-up and CD4 testing status, and Logistic regression was used to analyze relevant influencing factors.@*Results@#The number of infected students showed a rapid upward trend before 2015(APC=41.7,β=0.3,P<0.01), and the growth rate slowed down(APC=3.6,β=-0.3,P<0.01). The proportion of follow-up and CD4 testing completed within one year increased from 58.3% in 2008 to 93.6% in 2019, and the timely detection rate increased from 33.3% in 2008 to 86.2% in 2019. The Cochran Armitage trend test was statistically significant. Pairwise comparison test showed time trends of the idnex differed in regions and education groups (Z=4.7,8.7,9.8,P<0.01). The Pearl River Delta region, cases from other cities in the province, with precise transmission routes, from voluntary counseling and testing, and cases flowing within the province, the proportion of follow up and testing completed within one year is relatively high (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The growth rate of HIV/AIDS cases among young students aged 15-24 in Guangdong Province has slowed down in recent years. The route of infection, source and flow of cases affect follow-up and testing compliance. And to do a good job of referrals for off-site mobility, and explore and promote student-friendly VCT service models.

12.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 239-246, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876050

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To explore the effect of anti-ENO1 (enolase 1) antibody and metformin (MET) treatment on the proliferation, migration, invasion and stemness of cetuximab (CTX) -resistant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells through targeting cancer stem cells and the possible mechanism. Methods: 10 mmol/L MET combined with 40 μg/ml anti-ENO1 antibody was used to treat CTX(35 µg/ml)-resistant NSCLC A549 cells for 4 d, and the effects of combined treatment on A549 cells were detected with proliferation experiment, colony formation assay, migration and invasion experiments and methylcellulose ball formation experiment. In the meanwhile, FCM was used to detect the effects of CTX, MET and anti-ENO1 antibody single-drug treatment as well as the three-drug combination treatment on ALDH+ and CD44+ lung cancer stem cell subsets. Results: CTX combined with MET and anti-ENO1 antibody treatment significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion and self-renewal capacity of A549 cells. FCM analysis found that MET could significantly inhibit ALDH+ stem cell subpopulations, while anti-ENO1 antibody could significantly inhibit CD44+ stem cell subpopulations, and the three-drug combination treatment could simultaneously suppress ALDH+ and CD44+ stem cell subpopulations. Conclusion: MET and anti-ENO1 antibody respectively target ALDH+ and CD44+ cancer stem cell subsets, and the combined treatment of MET and anti-ENO1 antibody can effectively reverse the resistance of A549 cells to CTX, and thereby more effectively inhibiting stemness, proliferation, metastasis of A549 cells and tumor recurrence.

13.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 340-345, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873683

ABSTRACT

@#Orthodontic tooth movement is a complex physiological process based on periodontal tissue remodeling. Numerous factors, such as the anatomical characteristics of oral and maxillofacial complications, occlusal interference, mechanical factors and systematic factors, may play critical roles in orthodontic tooth movement, leading to tooth movement difficulty. In recent years, many scholars have focused on factors related to tooth movement difficulty, but current research mostly involves animal experiments and retrospective studies. Clinical trials of high-quality and evidence-based medicine studies are required. Although no sound theory system is available that is universally recognized and the mechanism of many factors remains debatable, alveolar bone defects, the maxillary sinus, the gingiva, tooth ankylosis, bone islands and friction may cause orthodontic tooth movement. Understanding the factors related to the difficulty of orthodontic tooth movement is advantageous to develop a more comprehensive personalized treatment plan for patients and achieve more efficient and safer tooth movement. In this paper, the current factors related to orthodontic tooth movement are reviewed to provide references for clinical orthodontic treatment.

14.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 431-435, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942455

ABSTRACT

Objective: In order to assess ET more comprehensively, sonotubometry (STM)combined with CT images were applied to investigate the opening features of eustachian tube (ET) in normal subjects. STM was also used as a monitor training ET opening maneuver and optimizing CT scan parameters. Methods: Following ET opening training monitored by STM, STM data of ET opening duration and maximum sound pressure from 13 healthy volunteers (10 males and 3 females, 22 to 26 years old) were acquired using maneuvers of swallowing and Valsalva in standing and supine positions. Two trials of CT scan, setting A (slice thickness 6.0 mm, manually simulated to 0.6 mm, reconstruction thickness 0.6 mm) for normal and Valsalva scans and setting B(slice thickness 0.4 mm,reconstruction thickness 0.4 mm)for Valsalva scan, were conducted in each subject. The bone area and cartilage area of ET were measured respectively in reconstructed CT images. Statistical software SPSS 19.0 was employed in data analysis. Results: The duration of ET opening and maximum sound pressure by Valsalva were longer and stronger than those by swallowing in both positions. For Valsalva maneuver, standing position resulted in longer ET opening duration compared to supine position (P<0.05). Under setting A, ET cartilage area was measured larger by Valsalva scan than by normal scan (P<0.05). By Valsalva scan, setting A captured larger ET cartilage area compared to setting B (P<0.05). CT setting B resulted in longer scan time in comparison to setting A (P<0.05). Conclusions: Techniques of STM in supine position plus CT scan under setting A can be combined by Valsalva passive ET opening. Not only the invisible ET lumen through routine CT scan can be illustrated, but also relevant ET open-close process is shown, therefore, this study provides the technique for ET research of function and structure.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Deglutition , Eustachian Tube/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Valsalva Maneuver
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 45-50, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879404

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare accuracy of anterior cervical pedicle screws between assist of rapid prototyping 3D guide plate and free-hand insertion, and evaluate the safety of two methods.@*METHODS@#Eight adult cervical cadaver specimens after formaldehyde immersion, including 4 males and 4 females, aged 32 to 65(40.3±5.6) years old. After X-ray examination to exclude bone damage and deformity, 4 of them (3D guide plate group) randomly selected were for CT scan to obtain DICOM format data, and the data was imported into Mimics software for model, designed the ideal entry point and nail path for anterior cervicaltranspedicular screw (ATPS). After obtaining the personalized guide plate of the nail channel, it was exported as STL data, and the individual guide plate was printed by rapid prototyping and 3D printing technology. In turn, with the assistance of 3D guide plates, one-to-one personalized ATPS screws were placed on the four lower cervical cadaver specimens. Another 4 (free-hand group) lower cervical cadaver specimens were implanted with ATPS screws using free-hand technique. All specimens were performed CT thin-layer scanning and three-dimensional reconstruction after operation. The Tomasino method was used to evaluate the safety of the screws on the CT cross-sectional and sagittal images, to determine whether there was a cortical puncture of the lower and inner edges of the pedicle. According to the CT rating results, gradeⅠandⅡwere safe, and grade Ⅲ- Ⅴ were dangerous.And the accuracy of screws was recorded and analyzed between two groups.@*RESULTS@#Two screws were inserted in each segment from C@*CONCLUSION@#The 3D printing rapid prototyping guide plate assisted insertion of the anterior cervical pedicle screw can significantly improve the accuracy and safety, and provide a theoretical basis for further clinical application.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Plates , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pedicle Screws , Printing, Three-Dimensional
16.
Biol. Res ; 54: 27-27, 2021. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505815

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Demethylzeylasteral (T-96) is a pharmacologically active triterpenoid monomer extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TWHF) that has been reported to exhibit anti-neoplastic effects against several types of cancer cells. However, the potential anti-tumour effects of T-96 against human Prostate cancer (CaP) cells and the possible underlying mechanisms have not been well studied. RESULTS: In the current study, T-96 exerted significant cytotoxicity to CaP cells in vitro and induced cell cycle arrest at S-phase in a dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, T-96 promoted the initiation of autophagy but inhibited autophagic flux by inducing ROS-mediated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress which subsequently activated the extrinsic apoptosis pathway in CaP cells. These findings implied that T-96-induced ER stress activated the caspase-dependent apoptosis pathway to inhibit proliferation of CaP cells. Moreover, we observed that T-96 enhances the sensitivity of CaP cells to the chemotherapeutic drug, cisplatin. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our data demonstrated that T-96 is a novel modulator of ER stress and autophagy, and has potential therapeutic applications against CaP in the clinic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Autophagy , Triterpenes , Reactive Oxygen Species , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor
17.
J Biosci ; 2020 May; : 1-10
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214291

ABSTRACT

Although the B-cell translocation gene 1 (BTG1) plays an important role in apoptosis and negatively regulatescell proliferation, BTG1 expression in skin squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has not been reported. In this study,we wanted to investigate the significance of BTG1 expression in SCC and adjacent tissues. The expression ofBTG1 protein and mRNA in SCC tissues and adjacent tissues were detected by immunohistochemistrytechnique (IHC), Western blot and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). IHC stainingshowed that the positive expression rate of BTG1 protein in SCC tissues was 54.00%; and the positive rate was90.50% in the adjacent tissues. Western blot showed that the expression of BTG1 protein in SCC tissues wassignificantly lower than that in the adjacent tissues (P\0.05). RT-PCR showed that the positive rate of BTG1mRNA in SCC was 50.50%, which was significantly lower than that in adjacent tissues 89.00% (P\0.05).Both BTG1 mRNA and protein expression are related to tumor diameter, stage, tumor metastasis and thedegree of tumor differentiation in SCC. Patients exhibiting lower BTG1 protein expression in the SCC tissueshad a significantly shorter disease-specific survival rate. BTG1 protein expression, tumor diameter, tumors siteand stage were independent factors affecting the overall survival of postoperative patients. Further, BTG1overexpression inhibited A431 cell proliferation ability, while BTG silencing enhanced A431 cell proliferationability. The lower expression of BTG1 in SCC may be associated with the occurrence, development andprognosis of SCC.

18.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 996-1000, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849650

ABSTRACT

With the continuously increasing of the elderly population, cardiovascular diseases have gradually become the main cause of death of the elderly. Traditional treatments can only temporarily relieve the clinical symptoms of patients, but can't solve the problem fundamentally. The emergence of tissue engineering technology provides a new approach for treating cardiovascular diseases, which is to plant the cells on biodegradable scaffold materials and, in turn, play a role of extracellular matrix. The present paper will describe the application of tissue engineering technology in myocardium, heart valve and blood vessels to understand the role of tissue engineering technology in cardiovascular diseases, and provide new ideas and treatments for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 126-130, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792982

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of posterior osteotomy on spinopelvic parameters in lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis who underwent osteotomy from January 2012 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 16 females, aged from 55 to 76 years with an average of (66.24±5.13) years. All patients had taken preoperative and postoperative full length spinal X-ray, analyzing the spinopelvic parameters as thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT) and sacral slope (SS).@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful, the average operative time was 190 min (160 to 220 min) and intraoperative blood loss was 1 000 ml (800 to 1900 ml). Parameters of the patients between preoperative and period 1-year follow-up were as follows : preoperative TK increased from (31.67±21.13) ° to (34.67±11.60) °, LL corrected from (4.76±3.17) ° to (37.41±6.28) °, PT reduced from (33.94±5.01) ° to (20.12±5.36) °, and SS improved from (18.47±2.60) ° to (31.71±4.30) °, SVA restored from (13.24±3.60) cm to (2.82±1.33) cm. There were significant differences of spinopelvic parameters between preoperation and postoperation (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Posterior osteotomy can effectively reconstruct the sagittal balance of spinopelvis in patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis. The recovery of lumbar lordosis and sacral slope is closely related to the reconstruction of sagittal balance.

20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 524-530, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773885

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The 3D model of lumbar spine was established by using Mimics software. To observe the applicability and needling parameters of lumbar vertebral kyphoplasty with unilateral puncture by backward rotation method using simulated puncture.@*METHODS@#Twenty-four patients (12 males and 12 females) with osteoporotic thoracic fracture in the first time and no signs of lumbar misalignment and bone destruction were scanned by spiral CT on the lumbar spine. The original DICOM file was modeled in 3D with Mimics software, and the vertebral bodies were separated. After being imported into 3-matic software, the posterior wall of the vertebral body was restrained for standardized measurement. A sketch perpendicular to the mid-section of the pedicle and the posterior wall of the vertebral body was drawn. The simulated puncture was performed on the sketch. The angle and distance parameters of the range of motion of the puncture needle were recorded, and the puncture needle was recorded at the top. The crossing points of the anterior, middle and posterior zones of the tangential line of the vertebral body were located at the high extraversion angle, and the results were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the data in the left and right sides had no significantly differences(>0.05). Data of different segments in different gender were significantly differences(<0.05). The maximal extraversion angle in lumbar spine increased gradually from (33.41±1.31) degree to (56.53±4.71) degree in males, as same as in females from(28.58±2.55) to (53.86±2.68) degree. There was no crossing point in area A, 3.3% of males and 26.67% of females in area B, rest in area C. The distribution areas on gender showed statistically significance (<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Backward rotation method can theoretically meet the requirements of puncture point for vertebral compression fracture, especially for males and lower lumbar spine. The determination of the maximum inclination angle is of guiding significance to the backward rotation method.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Fractures, Compression , Kyphoplasty , Lumbar Vertebrae , Osteoporotic Fractures , Punctures , Rotation , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome
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