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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): E004-E004, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811597

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical characteristics and prognosis of the new coronavirus 2019-nCoV patients combined with cardiovascular disease (CVD).@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 112 COVID-19 patients with CVD admitted to the western district of Union Hospital in Wuhan, from January 20, 2020 to February 15, 2020. They were divided into critical group (ICU, n=16) and general group (n=96) according to the severity of the disease and patients were followed up to the clinical endpoint. The observation indicators included total blood count, C-reactive protein (CRP), arterial blood gas analysis, myocardial injury markers, coagulation function, liver and kidney function, electrolyte, procalcitonin (PCT), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), blood lipid, pulmonary CT and pathogen detection.@*Results@#Compared with the general group, the lymphocyte count (0.74×109 (0.34×109, 0.94×109)/L vs. 0.99×109 (0.71×109, 1.29×109)/L, P=0.03) was extremely lower in the critical group, CRP (106.98 (81.57, 135.76) mg/L vs. 34.34 (9.55,76.54) mg/L, P<0.001) and PCT (0.20 (0.15,0.48) μg/L vs. 0.11 (0.06,0.20)μg/L, P<0.001) were significantly higher in the critical group. The BMI of the critical group was significantly higher than that of the general group (25.5 (23.0, 27.5) kg/m2 vs. 22.0 (20.0, 24.0) kg/m2, P=0.003). Patients were further divided into non-survivor group (17, 15.18%) group and survivor group (95, 84.82%). Among the non-survivors, there were 88.24% (15/17) patients with BMI> 25 kg/m2, which was significantly higher than that of survivors (18.95% (18/95), P<0.001). Compared with the survived patients, oxygenation index (130 (102, 415) vs. 434 (410, 444), P<0.001) was significantly lower and lactic acid (1.70 (1.30, 3.00) mmol/L vs. 1.20 (1.10, 1.60) mmol/L, P<0.001) was significantly higher in the non-survivors. There was no significant difference in the proportion of ACEI/ARB medication between the critical group and the general group or between non-survivors and survivors (all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#COVID-19 patients combined with CVD are associated with a higher risk of mortality. Critical patients are characterized with lower lymphocyte counts. Higher BMI are more often seen in critical patients and non-survivor. ACEI/ARB use does not affect the morbidity and mortality of COVID-19 combined with CVD. Aggravating causes of death include fulminant inflammation, lactic acid accumulation and thrombotic events.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 289-292, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414148

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the rs501120 and rs17465637 gene polymorphisms,and their relationship with the risk of coronary heart disease(CHD)in Chinese Han population.Methods 775 CHD without treatment and 775 age and gender matched controls were selected for this study,the genotypes of two single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNP)rs501120 and rs17465637 were tested with TaqMan-MGB probes.Results There was no significant difference in the frequency of genotypes of the 2 SNPs between CHD group and control group(P >0.05).Stratified analysis showed that SNP rs501120 had significant protection with CHD in people younger than 60 years old(OR 0.4,95% CI 0.2-0.9,P < 0.05)or people with diabetes(OR0.3,95%CI0.1-0.7,P <0.05).Conclusions The results suggested that rs501120 was tightly associated with CHD in people younger than 60 years or had diabetes.

3.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 452-6, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635391

ABSTRACT

Associations between "lipid-related" candidate genes, blood lipid concentrations and coronary artery disease (CHD) risk are not clear. We aimed to investigate the effect of three newly identified lipids loci from genome-wide association studies on CHD and blood lipid levels in Chinese Han population. The genotypes of SNPs at three newly identified lipid loci and blood lipids concentrations were examined in 1360 CHD patients and 1360 age- and sex-frequency matched controls from an unrelated Chinese Han population. Allele T of rs16996148 occurred less frequently in CHD patients with the odds ratio (OR) being 0.64 (95% CI 0.50 to 0.81), after adjusting for conventional risk factors and was associated with a 33% decreased CHD risk (P<0.01) comparing with the major allele G. Individuals with GT genotype had the lowest CHD risk. No associations were found between the polymorphisms of other two loci with CHD risk and all three SNPs had no effect on lipid profile in this population. SNP rs16996148 on chromosome 19p13 is significantly associated with lower risk for CHD in Chinese Han population. However, it remains unresolved why these lipid-related loci had significantly less effects than the correspondingly expected effects on blood lipids levels in this population.

4.
Acta Medicinae Universitatis Scientiae et Technologiae Huazhong ; (6): 13-17, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404077

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the associations of atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP)rs5065 and brain natriuretic peptide(BNP)rs198389 gene polymorphisms with human essential hypertension(EH).Methods A total of 976 patients with EH and 976 age-and sex-frequency matched normotensive(NT)control subjects were collected.The ANP rs5065 and BNP rs198389 polymorphisms were genotyped by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(real-time Q-PCR)method--Taqman probe.Results There was significant difference in frequency distribution of AA and AG+GG genotypes,A and G allele of BNP rs198389 between the EH and NT groups(P<0.05).The frequency of AG+GG genotype and G allele was significantly higher in the EH group(30.5% and 17.3%)than in the NT group(26.1% and 14.1%).There was no difference in distribution of ANP rs5065 polymorphism between EH and NT groups(P>0.05).By unconditional Logistic regression analysis of rs198389,before adjusted for the EH risk factors,AG+GG genotype presented a significantly higher risk of EH(P=0.04)than AA genotype,and this risk was still significant after adjusted for the EH risk factors(P=0.02).G allele had more significantly increased risk of EH than A allele(P=0.04).However,there was no significant difference before or after adjusted for the EH risk factors in unconditional Logistic regression analysis of rs198389.Conclusion rs198389 polymorphisms of BNP gene may be associated with EH,but rs5065 polymorphisms of ANP gene may be not associated with EH.

5.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 399-403, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634736

ABSTRACT

The relation between the expression and activity of MMP-9 in C-reactive protein (CRP)-induced human THP-1 mononuclear cells and the activation of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kappaB) was studied to investigate the possible role of CRP in plaque destabilization. Human THP-1 cells were incubated in the presence of CRP at 0 (control group), 25, 50 and 100 mug/mL (CRP groups) for 24 h. In PDTC (a specific NF-kappaB inhibitor) group, the cells were pre-treated with PDTC at 10 mumol/L and then with 100 mug/mL CRP. The conditioned media (CM) and human THP-1 cells in different groups were harvested. MMP-9 expression in CM and human THP-1 cells was measured by ELISA and Western blotting. MMP-9 activity was assessed by fluorogenic substrates. The expression of NF-kappaB inhibitor alpha (IkappaB-alpha) and NF-kappaB P(65) was detected by Western blotting and ELISA respectively. The results showed that CRP increased the expression and activity of MMP-9 in a dose-dependent manner in the human THP-1 cells. Western blotting revealed that IkappaB-alpha expression was decreased in the cells with the concentrations of CRP and ELISA demonstrated that NF-kappaB P65 expression in the CRP-induced cells was increased. After pre-treatment of the cells with PDTC at 10 mumol/L, the decrease in IkappaB-alpha expression and the increase in NF-kappaB P(65) expression in the CRP-induced cells were inhibited, and the expression and activity of MMP-9 were lowered too. It is concluded that increased expression and activity of MMP-9 in CRP-induced human THP-1 cells may be associated with activation of NF-kappaB. Down-regulation of the expression and activity of MMP-9 may be a new treatment alternative for plaque stabilization by inhibiting the NF-kappaB activation.

6.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 385-387, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238742

ABSTRACT

To explore the role of mechanosensitive potassium channel TREK-1, Western blot analysis was used to investigate the expression changes of TREK-1 in left ventricle in acute mechanically stretched heart. Forty Wistar rats were randomly divided into 8 groups (n=5 in each group),subject to single Langendorff perfusion for 0, 30, 60, 120 min and acute mechanical stretch for 0, 30,60, 120 min respectively. With Langendorff apparatus, an acute mechanically stretched heart model was established. There was no significant difference in the expression of TREK-1 among single Langendorff perfusion groups (P>0.05). As compared to non-stretched Langendorff-perfused heart, only the expression of TREK-1 in acute mechanically stretched heart (120 min) was greatly increased (P<0.05). This result suggested that some course of mechanical stretch could up-regulate the expression of TREK-1 in left ventricle. TREK-1 might play an important role in mechanoelectric feedback,so it could reduce the occurrence of arrhythmia that was induced by extra mechanical stretch.

7.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 520-523, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238706

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the association of G+1688A (Ser563Asn) polymorphism of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) gene with myocardial infarction (MI) in the Chi- nese Han population, the G+1688A polymorphism in PECAM-1 gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment-length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method among 502 subjects, including 218 patients with MI and 284 controls. The results showed that there was significant dif-ference in AA frequencies of genotype G+1688A polymorphism between case and control groups (39% vs 24%, P<0.001). A similar trend was observed on the allele frequencies (A/G: 62% vs 49%, P<0.001). Among the subjects with high serum total cholesterol level or high systolic blood pressure level, the variant AA genotype was associated with high risk of MI (adjusted OR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.08-4.41 and adjusted OR, 2.53; 95%CI, 1.63-3.63). The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at position +1688 in the exon 8 of PECAM-1 gene was associated with MI and the allele A might be a risk factor for MI in the Chinese Han population.

8.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 175-179, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669946

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism of ventricular dilation-induced arrhythmias by dilating isolated rat hearts. Methods Isolated rat hearts were perfused by Langerdorff method. After equilibration, 80 hearts were randomly divided into four groups as follows: (1) control group (n=20), (2) Ca2+ preconditioning (CPC) group (n=20), (3) streptomycin group (n=20), and (4) CPC + streptomycin group (n=20). A latex balloon which can be filled with fluid was anchored in the left ventricle through the left atrium and mitral valve. Epicardial ECG of the left ventricle, left ventricular pressure, coronary flow and heart rate were recorded before and during ventricular dilation by injecting fluid into the latex balloon. The rate and duration of ventricular dilation-induced arrhythmias were recorded. Results Under the same increase in ventricular end-diastolic pressure made by inflation of the balloon, the rate of arrhythmias was 100% and duration of arrhythmias was 2.56±0.46 s in the control group. Both the rates of premature ventricular beat (90 %) and ventricular tachycardia 70 % ) were high. Compared with the control group, the total rate (60 % ) of arrhythmias was lower, and duration (1.67±0.61 s ) of arrhythmias was shorter in the CPC group. Both the rates of premature ventricular beat (60%) and ventricular tachycardia (40%) were low comparatively. The rate of arrhythmias (45 %) was lower and duration ( 1.64±0.42 s)of arrhythmias was shorter, and the rates of premature ventricular beat (30 % ) or ventricular tachycardia (35 %) were lower in the streptomycin group than in the control one. The least ventricular dilation-induced arrhythmias occurred in the CPC + streptomycin group. The rate of arrhythmias (10%) was the lowest and duration (1.01±0.37s) of arrhythmias was the shortest; both the rates of premature ventricular beat (5%) and ventricular tachycardia (10%) were the lowest. Conclusions Ventricular dilation may induce arrhythmias in isolated rat hearts. Stretch-activated ion channel and the increase in [Ca2+]I are supposed to play important roles in the pathological mechanism.

9.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 385-7, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634866

ABSTRACT

To explore the role of mechanosensitive potassium channel TREK-1, Western blot analysis was used to investigate the expression changes of TREK-1 in left ventricle in acute mechanically stretched heart. Forty Wistar rats were randomly divided into 8 groups (n=5 in each group), subject to single Langendorff perfusion for 0, 30, 60, 120 min and acute mechanical stretch for 0, 30, 60, 120 min respectively. With Langendorff apparatus, an acute mechanically stretched heart model was established. There was no significant difference in the expression of TREK-1 among single Langendorff perfusion groups (P>0.05). As compared to non-stretched Langendorff-perfused heart, only the expression of TREK-1 in acute mechanically stretched heart (120 min) was greatly increased (P<0.05). This result suggested that some course of mechanical stretch could up-regulate the expression of TREK-1 in left ventricle. TREK-1 might play an important role in mechanoelectric feedback, so it could reduce the occurrence of arrhythmia that was induced by extra mechanical stretch.


Subject(s)
Feedback , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Mechanotransduction, Cellular , Potassium Channels, Tandem Pore Domain/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Stress, Mechanical
10.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 31-33, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234514

ABSTRACT

The expression of stretch-activated potassium channel TREK-1 mRNA and protein of hypertrophic myocardium was measured. Using a model of hypertrophy induced by coarctation of abdominal aorta in male Wistar rats, the expression of TREK-1 mRNA and protein was detected by using semi quantitative RT PCR and Western blot respectively. At 4th and 8th week after constriction of the abdominal aorta, rats developed significant left ventricular hypertrophy. As compared to sham operated group, stretch activated potassium channel TREK-1 mRNA was strongly expressed and protein was up regulated in operation groups (P<0.05). It was concluded that the expression of TREK 1 was up regulated in hypertrophic myocardium induced by chronic pressure overload in Wistar rats.

11.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 528-530, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313415

ABSTRACT

The association between atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) polymorphism and coronary heart disease (CHD) was studied in Chinese population. The genotypes of ANP T2238C and ANP C-664G were detected by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methods in 158 consecutive CHD patients and 165 controls. It was found that the distribution of A2A2 genotype in CHD group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). Stepwise Logistic regression analysis revealed that male, smoking, history of hypertension,history of diabetes, family history of hypertension, high level of serum cholesterol, and ANP T2238C polymorphism were the possible risk factors in patients with CHD (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the patients with CHD and the control group in the distribution of ANP C-664G polymorphism (P>0.05). The results suggest that A2A2 T2238C genotype could be one of the risk factors for CHD (P<0.05, OR: 1.80, 95% CI:1.03-3.15).

12.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 528-30, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634408

ABSTRACT

The association between atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) polymorphism and coronary heart disease (CHD) was studied in Chinese population. The genotypes of ANP T2238C and ANP C-664G were detected by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methods in 158 consecutive CHD patients and 165 controls. It was found that the distribution of A2A2 genotype in CHD group was significantly higher than that in control group (P0.05). The results suggest that A2A2 T2238C genotype could be one of the risk factors for CHD (P<0.05, OR: 1.80, 95 % CI: 1.03-3.15).

13.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 17-20, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737135

ABSTRACT

The relationship between hyperhomocysteinemia and coronary artery disease (CAD) was investigated and the influence of environmental factors (Folate, VitB12) and genetic factors [N5,N10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) or MTHFR gene mutation] on plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels and the risk of CAD observed. Fifty-one CAD patients and 30 CAD-free subjects were recruited in the study. The polymorphisms of MTHFR gene were analyzed by PCR-RFLP and plasma total Hcy levels were measured by high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. Plasma folate and vitamin B12 concentrations were measured by an automated chemiluminescence method. It was found that mean total plasma Hcy concentrations were significantly higher in CAD patients than in CAD-free subjects (P<0.01). The differences were also apparent among the three genotypes of MTHFR gene in CAD group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the genotype distributions and allele frequencies between the two groups. A strong inverse correlation was found between folate or vitamin B12 and plasma Hcy levels according to MTHFR genotype (P<0.01). It was concluded that hyperhomocysteinemia is a new independent risk factor for CAD. However, MTHFR gene mutation alone does not relate significantly to the morbidity of CAD since hyperhomocysteinemia and its influence on the risk of CAD are decided by both environmental and genetic factors. Supplementary treatment with vitamins B can effectively lower the plasma levels of Hcy, thus maybe reduceing the risk of CAD.

14.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 17-20, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735667

ABSTRACT

The relationship between hyperhomocysteinemia and coronary artery disease (CAD) was investigated and the influence of environmental factors (Folate, VitB12) and genetic factors [N5,N10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) or MTHFR gene mutation] on plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels and the risk of CAD observed. Fifty-one CAD patients and 30 CAD-free subjects were recruited in the study. The polymorphisms of MTHFR gene were analyzed by PCR-RFLP and plasma total Hcy levels were measured by high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. Plasma folate and vitamin B12 concentrations were measured by an automated chemiluminescence method. It was found that mean total plasma Hcy concentrations were significantly higher in CAD patients than in CAD-free subjects (P<0.01). The differences were also apparent among the three genotypes of MTHFR gene in CAD group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the genotype distributions and allele frequencies between the two groups. A strong inverse correlation was found between folate or vitamin B12 and plasma Hcy levels according to MTHFR genotype (P<0.01). It was concluded that hyperhomocysteinemia is a new independent risk factor for CAD. However, MTHFR gene mutation alone does not relate significantly to the morbidity of CAD since hyperhomocysteinemia and its influence on the risk of CAD are decided by both environmental and genetic factors. Supplementary treatment with vitamins B can effectively lower the plasma levels of Hcy, thus maybe reduceing the risk of CAD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-525376

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effects of mechanical stretch under simulated anoxia and reoxygenation conditions on action potential (AP) and effective refractory period (ERP) of calcium preconditioning (CPC) in isolated papillary muscles of guinea pig hearts. METHODS: The intracellular standard glass microelectrode technique was used, and effects of stretch (intensity: 200 mg) on AP and ERP were recorded and observed in CPC papillary muscles. RESULTS: After stretching was implied during anoxia, the reductions of Vmax, RP, APA, APD_(50), ERP and APD_(90) in CPC group were less than those in anoxia-reoxygenation (AR) group, and the CT in CPC group was less elongated. Moreover, after the papillary muscles were stretched during reoxygenated reperfusion, the decreases in Vmax, RP, APA, APD_(50) and ERP in CPC group were less than those in AR group, and the CT and APD_(90) in CPC group were less extended. Streptomycin inhibited the effect of stretch on AP and ERP in CPC group. CONCLUSIONS: Under simulated anoxia and reoxygenation conditions, papillary muscles in CPC group may have better tolerance to the same stretch than those in the AR. Furthermore, streptomycin (a blockade of stretch-activated ionic channels) may inhibit the effect of mechanical stretch on action potential changes in CPC papillary muscles.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12)1986.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-522156

ABSTRACT

AIM: The aim of this study was to study the changes of rabbit heart electrophysiological properties caused by increasing left ventricular afterload, and to assess the effects of streptomycin or verapamil on these changes. METHODS: The rabbit heart preparation in situ was used,and the afterload of left ventricle was increased by clipping in part the root of ascending aorta. The changes of heart electrophysiological parameters including relative refractory period (RRP),effective refractory period (ERP),monophasic action potential duration (MAPD_ 90 ) and ventricular fibrillation threshold(VFT) were observed before and after altering the afterload of left ventricle and were compared in the absence and presence of streptomycin or verapamil. RESULTS: The rising of left ventricular afterload [(72?11)mmHg] led to shortening of RRP,ERP and MAPD_ 90 ,and to descent of VFT ( P 0.05) except increasing of VFT ( P

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