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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 63-68, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between reticular macular disease (RMD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted.Thirty-six consecutive patients (71 eyes) with subretinal drusenoid deposits in at least one eye in optical coherence tomography (OCT) images were enrolled as the RMD group, and 29 consecutive patients (50 eyes) with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in at least one eye were identified as the non-RMD group at the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from February to September 2019.In the same period, 32 healthy volunteers (64 eyes) without eye disease were included as the healthy control group.Serum was collected to calculate the estimated creatinine clearance (eCcr) and the eGFR.The choroidal thickness of macular fovea and the flow density of choroidal capillary layer were measured by OCT.The related factors of RMD and the correlation between CKD and RMD were analyzed by multiple logistic regression analysis.The relationship between eGFR and choroidal capillary blood flow density and foveal choroidal thickness in RMD patients was analyzed by Pearson linear correlation analysis.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (No.2022-50)Results:The eGFR value of the RMD group was (66.40±27.58)ml/(min·1.73 m 2), which was significantly lower than (84.40±20.91)ml/(min·1.73 m 2) of the non-RMD group and (87.64±22.32)ml/(min·1.73 m 2) of the healthy control group (both at P<0.01). eGFR was significantly correlated with the occurrence of RMD ([odds ratio, OR]=0.973, 95%[confidence interval, CI]: 0.954-0.992, P=0.005). Subgroup analysis showed that this correlation was significant in the CKD stage (eGFR<60 ml/[min·1.73 m 2]) ( OR=6.482, 95% CI: 1.543-27.236, P=0.011). The choroidal thickness of the macular fovea in the RMD group was significantly lower than that of the non-RMD grup and healthy control group (both at P<0.01). In the RMD group, no significant correlation was found between the choroidal thickness of the macular fovea and eGFR ( r=0.138, P>0.05), and the flow density of choroidal capillary layer was moderately positively correlated with eGFR ( r=0.457, P<0.05). Conclusions:There is a correlation between the occurrence of CKD and RMD, which may be due to the confounding effect of the systemic microcirculation disorder.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 722-738, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971729

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a pathological change caused by repeated injuries and repair dysfunction of the alveolar epithelium. Our previous study revealed that the residues Asn3 and Asn4 of peptide DR8 (DHNNPQIR-NH2) could be modified to improve stability and antifibrotic activity, and the unnatural hydrophobic amino acids α-(4-pentenyl)-Ala and d-Ala were considered in this study. DR3penA (DHα-(4-pentenyl)-ANPQIR-NH2) was verified to have a longer half-life in serum and to significantly inhibit oxidative damage, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and fibrogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, DR3penA has a dosage advantage over pirfenidone through the conversion of drug bioavailability under different routes of administration. A mechanistic study revealed that DR3penA increased the expression of aquaporin 5 (AQP5) by inhibiting the upregulation of miR-23b-5p and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, indicating that DR3penA may alleviate PF by regulating MAPK/miR-23b-5p/AQP5. Safety evaluation showed that DR3penA is a peptide drug without obvious toxicity or acute side effects and has significantly improved safety compared to DR8. Thus, our findings suggest that DR3penA, as a novel and low-toxic peptide, has the potential to be a leading compound for PF therapy, which provides a foundation for the development of peptide drugs for fibrosis-related diseases.

3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 712-716, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939521

ABSTRACT

Using data mining technology, the rules of acupoint selection of acupuncture and moxibustion were explored in treatment of stroke-related pneumonia. The clinical articles of acupuncture and moxibustion in treatment of stroke-related pneumonia were retrieved from CNKI, SinoMed, Wanfang and VIP databases from their inception through to January l 2021, and then, the acupuncture-moxibustion prescription database was set up for stroke-related pneumonia. SPSS Modeler 18.0 Apriori algorithm was adopted to analyze the association rules of acupoints and draw complex network diagrams. SPSS26.0 was used in clustering analysis of acupoints. Finally, a total of 44 articles were included, with 51 acupoint prescriptions and 82 acupoints extracted. The total frequency of acupoints was 340 times. The high-frequency acupoints in treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion for stroke-related pneumonia were Feishu (BL 13), Fenglong (ST 40), Hegu (LI 4), etc. These acupoints were mainly distributed on the limbs and back and mostly from yang meridians. Of these extracted acupoints, the five-shu points, convergent points and back-shu points were selected specially. Regarding acupoint combination, the association of Quchi (LI 11) had the highest support with Hegu (LI 4) and Zusanli (ST 36). The core prescription of acupuncture-moxibustion treatment for stroke-related pneumonia could be composed of Quchi (LI 11), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Fenglong (ST 40) and Taichong (LR 3).


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Moxibustion , Pneumonia/therapy , Stroke/therapy
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 481-486, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognostic value of hemopoietic scoring system composed of hemoglobin (HB), platelet count (PLT) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) in MM patients and its correlation with curative effect.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 172 newly diagnosed MM patients treated by bortezomib as the first-line regimen in our hospital from May 2014 to December 2019 were collected, three variables (HB≤100 g/L, PLT≤150×109/L, MCV≥96 fl) were introduced, each variable was distributed 1 score, the patients were divided into four groups (0, 1, 2 and 3 points in group 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively), and the clinical characteristics and prognosis of the patients in the four groups were analyzed. The initial efficacy evaluation after 3-4 courses of treatment was carried out, and the curative effect of the patients in the different hematopoiesis score groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The median OS time of the patients in group 1, 2, 3 and 4 was 27.0, 22.5, 20.7 and 18.1 months, while the median PFS time were 23.0, 19.0, 18.0 and 14.0 months, respectively. The OS and PFS of the patients in low score group were significantly better than those in high score group (P=0.045, P=0.048). There was no significant difference in the curative effect of the patients treated by bortezomib after 3-4 courses (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Hematopoiesis score can preliminarily predict the overall survival of newly diagnosed MM patients, but there is no significant difference between different scoring groups in the initial curative effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Erythrocyte Indices , Hemoglobins/therapeutic use , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 170-174, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928688

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy and safety of different chemotherapy regimens in elderly multiple myeloma (MM) patients with different Frailty scores.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of elderly patients with MM were retrospectively analyzed, including age, treatment regimen, efficacy, adverse reactions, and the Frailty score included in the activity of daily living score, the instrumental activity of daily living scale and the Charlson comorbidity index. The patients were divided into fit group, mediate fit group and frail group according to the scoring standard. The treatment efficiency and adverse reaction rates of elderly MM with different physical conditions treated by different chemotherapy regimens were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 70 patients, the effective rates of the patients in fit group, the mediate fit group, and the frail group were 79.5%, 81%, and 40%, and the effective rates of the fit patients in double and triple groups were 54.5% and 89.3%, 70% and 90.9% for mediate fit patients, 42.9% and 33.3% for frail patients, the triple regimen in fit patients showed obvious advantages, and the difference showed statistically significant (P<0.05), while the efficacy for mediate patients and frail patients showed no significant difference. During the induction of bortezomib, the incidence of adverse reactions for the patients in the triple group (78.6%) was higher than 67.9% in the double group, and the difference showed no statistically significant (P>0.05).There was no significant difference in the 1-year overall survival rate of the patients and with molecular genetic abnormalities among each groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic effect is related to the patient's physical condition. For patients with healthy physique, the triple regimen should be used first. For patients with weak physical constitution, the chemotherapy regimen with low drug toxicity should be selected for safety.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Bortezomib , Frailty , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 141-145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of multiple myeloma patients with myelofibrosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 263 patients with multiple myeloma (including 92 patients with myelofibrosis) treated in the department of hematology of our hospital from January 1, 2016 to June 31, 2020 were collected and retrospectively analyzed, the patients were divided into combined group and uncombined group. The MM stage, MM type, genetic characteristics and therapeutic effect of the patients in combined group and uncombined group were observed, and the relationship between the curative effect and the degree of myelofibrosis change of the patients in combined group was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There was no statistically difference in the MM staging and classification between multiple myeloma patients with or without myelofibrosis (P>0.05). The positive rate of FISH results of the patients in combined group was significantly higher than those in uncombined group, and was significantly correlated to 1q21 amplification, D13S319 deletion, and IgH breakage (P<0.05). After treatment, the effective rate of the patients in uncombined group was significantly higher than those in combined group, and the degree of fibrosis in the effective patients in combined group was significantly reduced.@*CONCLUSION@#The survival rate of the patients with multiple myeloma complicated with myelofibrosis is shorter than that of the patients without myelofibrosis, and the overall prognosis is poor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , Multiple Myeloma/complications , Primary Myelofibrosis/complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 100-111, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881127

ABSTRACT

@#The antimicrobial peptide APKGVQGPNG (named YD), a natural peptide originating from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CBSYD1, exhibited excellent antibacterial and antioxidant properties in vitro. These characteristics are closely related to inflammatory responses which is the central trigger for liver fibrosis. However, the therapeutic effects of YD against hepatic fibrosis and the underlying mechanisms are rarely studied. In this study, we show that YD improved liver function and inhibited the progression of liver fibrosis by measuring the serum transaminase activity and the expression of α-smooth muscle actin and collagen I in carbon tetrachloride-induced mice. Then we found that YD inhibited the level of miR-155, which plays an important role in inflammation and liver fibrosis. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay indicate that Casp12 is a new target of miR-155. We demonstrate that YD significantly decreases the contents of inflammatory cytokines and suppresses the NF-κB signaling pathway. Further studies show that transfection of the miR-155 mimic in RAW264.7 cells partially reversed the YD-mediated CASP12 upregulation, the downregulated levels of inflammatory cytokines, and the inactivation of the NF-κB pathways. Collectively, our study indicates that YD reduces inflammation through the miR-155–Casp12–NF-κB axis during liver fibrosis and provides a promising therapeutic candidate for hepatic fibrosis.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 81-84, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877552

ABSTRACT

According to the etiology, allergic diseases are related to wind and heat; according to the pathogenesis, most of allergic diseases are


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Hot Temperature , Hypersensitivity/therapy , Meridians
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2015-2024, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887005

ABSTRACT

UDP glucosyltransferase (UDPGT) catalyzes the synthesis of secondary metabolites and plant hormones to regulate plant growth and development, pathogen defense and environmental adaptability. In this study 18 members of the RcUDPGT gene family were cloned from Tibetan Rhodiola crenulata and analyzed using bioinformatics. The tissue-specific expression, abiotic stresses and plant hormones (abscisic acid, auxin, methyl jasmonate) induced expression patterns were identified by real-time quantitative PCR. The bait vector of RcUDPGT (JX228125.1) was constructed to select interacting proteins from an Arabidopsis yeast library. The results of the bioinformatics analysis revealed that RcUDPGT nucleotide sequences were about 1 400 bp and encoded 452-498 amino acids. In the primary protein sequences, C-terminal sequences were more conserved compared with N-terminal regions, which held a PSPG (plant secondary product glycosyltransferase) domain. In the tertiary structures, RcUDPGTs contained a UDP sugar donor recognition binding site. In addition, all genes had multiple phosphorylation sites. The results of qRT-PCR showed that RcUDPGTs genes were expressed in root, stem and leaf. The expression levels were regulated by low temperature/ultraviolet light and various plant hormones (ABA, IAA, MeJA), but the expression patterns were quite different among them. For example, RcUDPGT6, RcUDPGT11, and RcUDPGT17 had the highest expression in leaves and were induced by all three hormones, suggesting that the functions of these genes might be to respond to environmental changes. RcUDPGT9, RcUDPGT10, RcUDPGT14 were most abundantly expressed in roots and were significantly induced by ABA and MeJA hormones, indicating that these genes may be involved in the synthesis and accumulation of salidroside. Yeast two-hybrid results showed that RcUDPGT did not exhibit autoactivation and cell toxicity, and two significant interactional genes were identified, AtKCR1 (AT1G67730.1) and AtSNL4 (AT1G70060). The AtKCR1 gene encodes a β-ketoacyl reductase (KCR) involved in synthesis of very long chain fatty acids. The AtSNL4 gene encodes a homolog of the transcriptional repressor SIN3, which could participate in the ABA hormone signaling pathway and enhance the transcriptional repression of AP2/EREBP class factors in Arabidopsis. These results suggest that the accumulation of the secondary metabolite salidroside in Rhodiola crenulata might be affected by several regulatory mechanisms. The above results may lay the foundation for understanding the adaptive mechanism of Rhodiola crenulata in a high altitude environment and stimulate an in-depth study of the synthesis and accumulation of secondary metabolites in this species.

10.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 936-941, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883088

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the factors influencing patient safety behavior of nursing students during clinical practice.Methods:A cross-sectional study was used, in which a total of 214 participants completed the online survey related to the undergraduate nursing students ′ clinical teaching satisfaction scale, safety attitude questionnaire and nurse safety behavior questionnaire. Results:The mean scores of clinical teaching satisfaction, safety attitude and nurse safety behavior were (3.83±0.81), (3.70±0.65) and (3.93±0.79) respectively. There were positive correlations between clinical teaching satisfaction, safety attitude with the nurse safety behavior ( r=0.82, 0.75, P<0.01). The results also showed that the same shifts with their clinical instructors, clinical teaching satisfaction and safety attitude could affect safety behavior of nursing students ( F=67.81, R2=0.753, ΔR2= 0.742, P=0.00), which accounted for 74.20% of total variation. Conclusions:The same shift arrangement for both clinical instructors and nursing students, enhancement of the demonstration and guidance from clinical instructors, as well as strengthening the cultivating patient safety attitude would be beneficial to promoting the safety behavior of nursing students during clinical practice.

11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1405-1408, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921066

ABSTRACT

The published literature of insomnia in the elderly treated with acupuncture was retrieved in CNKI, Wanfang and VIP from the date of establishment to December 31, 2019. Association rule analysis and cluster analysis were used to summarize the acupoint selection rules of insomnia in the elderly treated with acupuncture. A total of 37 articles were included, involving 60 acupuncture prescriptions. The most commonly used acupoints were Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenmen (HT 7), Anmian (Extra), Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Neiguan (PC 6), Xinshu (BL 15) and Taixi (KI 3). The most commonly used acupoint combinations were Sanyinjiao (SP 6)-Anmian (Extra)-Baihui (GV 20)-Sishencong (EX-HN 1)-Shenting (GV 24)-Shenmen (HT 7)-Xinshu(BL 15), Xinshu(BL 15)-Pishu (BL 20)-Shenshu (BL 23)-Shenting (GV 24), Zhaohai (KI 6)-Shenmai (BL 62), Taichong (LR 3)-Ganshu (BL 18), Daling (PC 7)-Taixi (KI 3), Neiguan (PC 6)- Zusanli (ST 36) and Guanyuan (CV 4)-Qihai (CV 6)-Zhongwan (CV 12). On the basis of acupoint selection according to disease differentiation, the acupoint selection rules and characteristics of insomnia in the elderly treated with acupuncture are regulating and supplementing the spleen and kidney and treating according to spleen-kidney.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cell Differentiation , Publications , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1171-1174, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921028

ABSTRACT

Through analyzing the indication distribution of the different acupoints located at the upper limbs recorded in


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Arm , Goiter , Meridians , Tuberculosis, Lymph Node
13.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 389-397, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912882

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of tendon-regulating and bone-setting manipulation combined with endurance resistance exercises in treating female with chronic neck pain, and explore the mechanism. Methods: A total of 57 female patients with chronic neck pain who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into a manipulation group (29 cases) and a medium-frequency electrotherapy group (28 cases). Patients in both groups received the same endurance exercise therapy, while those in the manipulation group received additional tendon-regulating and bone-setting manipulation, and those in the medium-frequency electrotherapy group received additional medium-frequency electrotherapy. Both groups were treated for 5 weeks. Before and after treatment, the neck function of patients was evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS), Analgesy-Meter, Northwick Park questionnaire (NPQ), root mean square (RMS) and median frequency (MF) of surface electromyography of sternocleidomastoid muscle and posterior cervical extensor muscle, and the patients were followed up at a month after treatment. Results: All patients completed the treatment and were followed up. Compared with the same group before treatment, the VAS scores of both groups decreased, the tenderness values increased, the RMS and MF values increased, and the NPQ scores decreased after treatment (all P<0.05). The improvement of manipulation group was more notable than that of medium-frequency electrotherapy group (all P<0.05). At one-month follow-up, the VAS and NPQ scores of the manipulation group were lower than those before and after treatment, and the VAS and NPQ scores of the medium-frequency electrotherapy group were only lower than those before treatment; the two scores of the manipulation group were lower than those of the medium-frequency electrotherapy group (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Tendon-regulating and bone-setting manipulation combined with endurance resistance exercises can relieve neck pain and cervical dysfunction in female patients with chronic neck pain. The efficacy of this method is more durable and better than that of medium-frequency electrotherapy combined with endurance exercises.

14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 970-975, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically review the effect of Tongfu Xiefei method on prognosis and respiratory mechanics parameters in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods:The randomized controlled trials (RCT) of Tongfu Xiefei method for ARDS published on PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI and Wanfang database from January 1st 2001 to June 30th 2019 were searched. Conventional treatment for ARDS that included mechanical ventilation, prone ventilation, anti-infection, organ function maintenance and nutritional therapy were used in the control group. While the Tongfu Xiefei method was applied in the experimental group based on the conventional treatment. The main outcome was in-hospital mortality, and the secondary outcomes included mechanic ventilation time, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and respiratory mechanics parameters. Two researchers independently searched the literature, collected data and assessed the risk of bias. The bias risk assessment was completed by RevMan 5.3 software. The Meta-analysis was completed by R software. The potential publication bias of main outcome was evaluation.Results:A total of 27 RCTs were included. There were 1 763 patients, including 899 in the experimental group and 864 in the control group. Meta-analysis showed that, compared with the control group, the in-hospital mortality of the experimental group significantly decreased [relative risk ( RR) = 0.46, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.36 to 0.59, P < 0.000 1], the mechanic ventilation time and the length of ICU stay were significantly shortened [mechanical ventilation time: standard mean difference ( SMD) = -1.92, 95% CI was -2.56 to -1.29, P < 0.000 1; length of ICU stay: SMD = -1.84, 95% CI was -2.49 to -1.18, P < 0.000 1], oxygenation index was significantly improved ( SMD = 2.26, 95% CI was 1.56 to 2.96, P < 0.000 1), airway peak pressure, airway platform pressure, mean airway pressure and airway resistance significantly decreased (airway peak pressure: SMD = -1.26, 95% CI was -2.35 to -0.18, P = 0.021 8; airway platform pressure: SMD = -0.61, 95% CI was -1.08 to -0.14, P = 0.010 7; mean airway pressure: SMD = - 1.67, 95% CI was - 2.93 to -0.42, P = 0.009 1; airway resistance: SMD = -0.88, 95% CI was -1.09 to -0.67, P < 0.000 1), while lung compliance increased ( SMD = 1.57, 95% CI was 0.78 to 2.36, P < 0.000 1). The results of publication bias assessment showed that there was no potential publication bias ( P = 0.499). Conclusion:Tongfu Xiefei method is capable of reducing the in-hospital mortality, shortening the mechanical ventilation time and the length of ICU stay, and improving respiratory mechanics parameters for patients with ARDS.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 878-883, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754071

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the influences of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) and conventional or mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR/MCPR) on survival rate and neurological outcome for adult patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), and to assess the effect of ECPR. Methods Databases such as Medline, Embase, ScienceDirect, HighWire, Cochrane Library, Wanfang Database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched from January 2000 to October 2018 to retrieve clinical trials on comparison of the effect of ECPR and CCPR/MCPR on survival rate and neurological outcome of adult patients with OHCA. Thereafter, the studies retrieved were based on predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were extracted and the quality of the included studies was evaluated by two researchers. A meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5.3 software. Sensitivity analysis was used to evaluate the stability of the results, and funnel plot was used to evaluate publication bias. Results A total of 12 studies and 2 519 patients were enrolled, including 615 patients receiving ECPR and 1 904 patients receiving CCPR/MCPR. Meta-analysis showed that compared with CCPR/MCPR, ECPR could not improve the short-term (at hospital discharge or within 1 month) survival rate in patients with OHCA [odds ratio (OR) = 2.26, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.95-5.41, P = 0.07], but could increase long-term (at more than 3 months) survival rate (OR = 3.56, 95%CI = 1.65-7.71, P = 0.001), rate of good neurological outcome at hospital discharge [Glasgow-Pittsburgh cerebral performance categories (CPC) 1-2 was defined as good neurological function; OR = 3.39, 95%CI = 1.73-6.62, P = 0.000 4], and rate of good long-term neurological outcome (OR = 3.45, 95%CI = 2.24-5.32, P < 0.000 01). Sensitivity analysis showed that the overall results did not change significantly, whether using fixed-effect model and random-effect model to analyze the differences of each effect index, or excluding one study with fewer than 50 subjects for data analysis, indicating that the results were more stable. The funnel plot suggested that there was no publication bias in the studies. But due to the small number of studies, the publication bias could not be excluded. Conclusion ECPR could not improve the short-term survival rate at hospital discharge or within 1 month in patients with OHCA, but could increase long-term survival rate at more than 3 months, good neurological outcome at hospital discharge and long-term neurological outcome.

16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 73-80, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744672

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically review the effect of Qingre Jiedu and Liangxue Sanyu method in patients with sepsis,and to discuss its effect in the treatment of sepsis.Methods The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the treatment of Qingre Jiedu and Liangxue Sanyu method for sepsis published on PubMed,Embase,Web of Science,CNKI and Wanfang database from the construction to December 31st,2017 were searched by electronical way.Conventional treatment measures for sepsis,such as fluid resuscitation,maintenance of hemodynamic stability,anti-infection,improvement of tissue perfusion,maintenance of organ function and nutritional support were used in the control group.While traditional Chinese medicine treatment based on Qingre Jiedu and Liangxue Sanyu method were applied in the experimental group besides the conventional treatment,including Chinese patent medicine or Chinese herbal medicine.The main outcome was 28-day mortality,and the second outcome was acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ),coagulation function,inflammatory mediators,procalcitonin (PCT),lactic acid (Lac),and the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay.Two researchers independently searched literatures,collected data and evaluated risk bias.The statistical analysis was completed by RevMan 5.3 and STATA 13.0 software.The funnel plot and Egger test were used to evaluate the potential publication bias of the main outcomes.Results A total of 20 RCTs were enrolled in this Meta-analysis,including 1 347 patients,with 667 patients in the control group and 680 patients in the experimental group.Comprehensive risk bias assessment showed that the risk bias of 11 RCT items was unknown,and the risk bias of 9 RCT items was high.Meta-analysis results showed that compared with the control group,the 28-day mortality of the experimental group was significantly lowered [relative risk (RR) =0.54,95% confidence interval (95%CI) =0.45-0.65,P < 0.00001],the 7-day APACHE Ⅱ score was significantly lowered [mean difference (MD) =-3.86,95%CI =-4.82 to-2.90,P < 0.00001],the 7-day prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) were significantly shortened (PT:MD =-1.72,95%CI =-2.29 to-1.14,P < 0.00001;APTT:MD =-4.36,95%CI =-5.81 to-2.91,P < 0.000 01),the 7-day D-dimer was slightly improved (MD =-0.13,95%CI =-0.37-0.11,P =0.29),the 10-day interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were significantly decreased (IL-6:MD =-40.33,95%CI =-59.55 to-21.11,P < 0.000 1;TNF-α:MD =-7.26,95%CI =-11.31 to-3.21,P =0.000 4),the 7-day Lac was significantly declined (MD =-1.30,95%CI =-1.91 to-0.68,P < 0.000 1),but no significance in PCT (MD =-1.57,95%CI =-3.25-0.11,P =0.07) or the length of ICU stay (MD =-4.02,95%CI =-8.60-0.56,P =0.09)was found.The results of publication bias assessment showed that 19 studies reported 28-day mortality were basically "funnel-shaped" distribution without potential publication bias (P =0.336).Conclusion The Meta-analysis showed that Qingre Jiedu and Liangxue Sanyu method may reduce the release of inflammatory mediators,improve the coagulation function,and reduce the 28-day mortality in patients with sepsis.

17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 578-582, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703693

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Qingfeihuayutongfu prescription on oxygenation and pulmonary fibrosis in patients with sepsis-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Methods A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed. Patients with moderate to severe ARDS admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine from July 2015 to February 2017 were enrolled, and randomly divided into Qingfeihuayutongfu prescription group (observation group, 200 mL of Qingfeihuayutongfu prescription was given through nasal feeding on the first day after admission, one dose per day for 7 days) and placebo control group. Routine treatment of ARDS in both groups was the same. The oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), levels of serum procollagen Ⅲ (PC Ⅲ) and prolidase (PLD) were measured at 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days after treatment, duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay and 60-day survival rate were recorded. Results A total of 32 patients with ARDS were selected, with 16 in each group, and their baseline data were balanced and comparable. As time went on, PaO2/FiO2in both groups was decreased gradually, and serum levels of PC Ⅲand PLD were increased gradually. Compared with placebo control group, PaO2/FiO2was significantly increased at 14 days and 28 days after treatment in observation group [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 185.81±65.07 vs. 137.19±55.72, 250.56±102.72 vs. 178.25±80.97, both P < 0.05], the levels of serum PC Ⅲ were significantly decreased at 14 days and 28 days after treatment (μmol/L: 197.13±26.61 vs. 240.81±45.27, 169.06±36.34 vs. 234.75±46.30, both P < 0.01), the levels of serum PLD was significantly decreased at 28 days after treatment (U/L: 1 166.31±304.84 vs. 1 468.81±387.65, P < 0.05), duration of mechanical ventilation (days: 18.20±5.20 vs. 23.38±7.57) and the length of ICU stay (days: 23.7±5.7 vs. 31.0±7.9 ) were significantly shortened (both P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the 60-day survival rate between the observation group and placebo control group [81.25% (13/16) vs. 68.75% (11/16), χ2= 0.667, P = 0.505]. Conclusion The Qingfeihuayutongfu prescription may improve oxygenation of ARDS patients, reduce the levels of serum PC Ⅲ and PLD, and inhibit pulmonary fibrosis, thus improve prognosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 825-829, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734937

ABSTRACT

We hereby reported the clinical manifestations and genetic diagnosis of a rare case of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) caused by cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase ( POR ) gene mutation. The case was an 11-year-old girl presented with craniofacial and skeletal malformation such as a depressed nasal bridge, radiohumeral synostosis and camptodactyly in feet. Moreover, she was diagnosed with ambiguous genitalia, and her mother had obvious masculine features during pregnancy. Laboratory tests showed that the levels of peripheral blood progesterone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone and adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) had increased significantly, which were consistent with the symptom of CAH. Genetic testing revealed a complex heterozygous mutation in POR gene of maternally inherited c.744C>G (p.Tyr248Ter) and paternal inherited c.1370G>A (p.Arg457His). Therefore, she was diagnosed with cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase deficiency (PORD), which is a rare type of CAH. The patient received oral glucocorticoid therapy and underwent knee arthroplasty.

19.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 85-87, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665251

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the supercritical CO2extraction technology condition of radix cynanchi paniculati. Methods The paeonol extract was used as indexes.The content of paeonol was determined by high performance liquid chromatography method.The extraction condition was optimize tby design-response surface method. Results The optimum process conditions for the extraction pressure was 10.81 MPa,extraction temperature was 55 ℃,flow rate of CO2was 59.91 L·h-1,extraction time was 2.42 h. Conclusion The content of paeonol with optimum extraction process of radix cynanchi paniculati is high,process is stable and feasible.

20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 51-56, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510556

ABSTRACT

Objective To confirm the effects of statin therapy on mortality of patients with acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS). Methods PubMed/Medline, Embase, Web of Science andCochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for articles using the terms acute lung injury, ALI,acute respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS, statin, simvastatin and rosuvastatin updated to November 17,2015. Randomized controlled trial (RCT) or observational cohort studies investigating the effects of statin therapy onmortality in patients with ALI or ARDS were all identified, without date or language restriction. The control group wasgiven conventional treatment, while the experimental group was treated with statins additionally. The primary outcomewas in-hospital mortality. Meanwhile, ventilator-free day, intensive care unit (ICU)-free day, ICU length of stay (LOS)and ICU mortality were also analyzed. RevMan 5.2 and STATA 13 software were used for systematic review and Metaanalysis, and funnel plot was used to analyze the publication bias. Results A total of five trials including threerandomized controlled trials and two observational studies were included. Among 1636 patients enrolled in the study,there were 739 patients in experimental group, and 897 in control group. It was shown by Meta analysis that there was nosignificant difference in in-hospital mortality between experimental group and control group [relative risk (RR) = 0.96,95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.79-1.15, P = 0.63]. The subgroup analysis based on RCT and cohort study, or thesubgroup analysis of different statins showed that there was no significant difference in in-hospital mortality betweenthe experimental group and the control group (both P > 0.05). There were no significant differences in ventilator-freedays [mean difference (MD) = 1.41, 95%CI = -0.32-3.13, P = 0.11], ICU-free days (MD = -0.23, 95%CI = -1.61-1.15,P = 0.75), ICU length of stay (MD = -1.03, 95%CI = -6.55-4.50, P = 0.72), or ICU mortality (RR = 0.88, 95%CI =0.68-1.14, P = 0.33) between the experimental group and the control group. It was shown by funnel plot that there was nopublication bias in in-hospital mortality. Conclusion The systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that statin may not be associated with a significant reduction in mortality, ventilator-free day, ICU-free day and ICU length of stayin patients with ALI/ARDS.

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