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1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 627-633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984759

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the incidence of radiation-related toxicities between conventional and hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and to explore the risk factors of hypofractionated radiotherapy-induced toxicities. Methods: Data were retrospectively collected from consecutive limited-stage SCLC patients treated with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from March 2016 to April 2022. The enrolled patients were divided into two groups according to radiation fractionated regimens. Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 5.0) was used to evaluate the grade of radiation esophagus injuries and lung injuries. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with radiation-related toxicities in the hypofractionated radiotherapy group. Results: Among 211 enrolled patients, 108 cases underwent conventional IMRT and 103 patients received hypofractionated IMRT. The cumulative incidences of acute esophagitis grade ≥2 [38.9% (42/108) vs 35.0% (36/103), P=0.895] and grade ≥ 3 [1.9% (2/108) vs 5.8% (6/103), P=0.132] were similar between conventional and hypofractionated IMRT group. Late esophagus injuries grade ≥2 occurred in one patient in either group. No differences in the cumulative incidence of acute pneumonitis grade ≥2[12.0% (13/108) vs 5.8% (6/103), P=0.172] and late lung injuries grade ≥2[5.6% (6/108) vs 10.7% (11/103), P=0.277] were observed. There was no grade ≥3 lung injuries occurred in either group. Using multiple regression analysis, mean esophageal dose ≥13 Gy (OR=3.33, 95% CI: 1.23-9.01, P=0.018) and the overlapping volume between planning target volume (PTV) and esophageal ≥8 cm(3)(OR=3.99, 95% CI: 1.24-12.79, P=0.020) were identified as the independent risk factors associated with acute esophagitis grade ≥2 in the hypofractionated radiotherapy group. Acute pneumonitis grade ≥2 was correlated with presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, P=0.025). Late lung injuries grade ≥2 was correlated with tumor location(P=0.036). Conclusions: Hypofractionated IMRT are tolerated with manageable toxicities for limited-stage SCLC patients treated with IMRT. Mean esophageal dose and the overlapping volume between PTV and esophageal are independently predictive factors of acute esophagitis grade ≥2, and COPD and tumor location are valuable factors of lung injuries for limited-stage SCLC patients receiving hyofractionated radiotherapy. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Retrospective Studies , Lung Injury , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiation Injuries/epidemiology , Esophagitis/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 175-178, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868574

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate localized regional recurrence after chemotherapy and chest radiotherapy in limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC),and explore the relationship between recurrence location and radiotherapy and chemotherapy and its influencing factors.Methods From 2006 to 2014,pathological LS-SCLC treated in CAMS,125 patients had local recurrence,Kaplan-Meier statistical method was used to analyze the survival rate and PFS of each recurrence site.Log-rank was used to compare the survival rate of each group.Univariate analysis includes Chi-squareand t-test for the factors for the recurrence site.Multivariate analysis using Logistic regression.Results The 1-,2-and 5-year overall survival rates were 92.0%,46.4% and 14.7%,respectively.The median progression time was 12.96 months,The median survival time after progression was 1 1.5 months,and the 1-,2-,and 5-year overall survival rates were 45.0%,23.0%,and 10.0%,respectively.The recurrence sites include intrapulmonary recurrence (67 patients),regional lymph nodes (21 patients),simultaneous intrapulmonary and regional lymph nodes (28 patients),and contralateral or supraclavicular lymph nodes (9 patients).The median survival time were 23.96 months,24.76 months,23.23 months,and 18.66 months,and the 2-year survival rates were 49%,52%,46%,and1 1%,respectively (P=0.000,0.004,0.008).In 6 patients (4.0%),5 patients were located in the supraclavicular region,and 1 patient (0.8%) in the field.Conclusions For LS-SCLC undergoing IMRT and chemotherapy,the local failure location is mainly located in the pulmonary,and further treatment of the split dose and targets requires further clinical exploration.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 735-740, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791418

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of symptomatic radiation-induced lung toxicity (SRILT) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with modern radiotherapy after surgery.Methods Clinical data of consecutive NSCLC patients treated with postoperative three-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated radiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between November 2002 and December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE,version 3.0),SRILT was defined as ≥ grade 2 radiationinduced lung toxicity.Potential clinical risk factors and dosimetric parameters for SRILT were evaluated using logistic regression model.Results Among 227 enrolled patients,190 cases underwent lobectomy and 37 patients received pneumonectomy.Twenty-three patients (10.1%) developed SRILT after lobectomy.Seventeen patients experienced grade 2 SRILT,5 cases of grade 3 SRILT and 1 case of grade 4 SRILT.Univariate analysis showed that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy,relatively large PTV,mean lung dose and V20-V40 were significantly correlated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.015,0.048 and<0.001).Multivariate analysis demonstrated that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 were significantly associated with the incidence of SRILT (P =0.017 and P =0.009).Conclusions The incidence of SRILT is relatively low in NSCLC patients after postoperative radiotherapy.Concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 are risk factors of SRILT.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 735-740, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796672

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of symptomatic radiation-induced lung toxicity (SRILT) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with modern radiotherapy after surgery.@*Methods@#Clinical data of consecutive NSCLC patients treated with postoperative three-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated radiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between November 2002 and December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 3.0), SRILT was defined as ≥grade 2 radiation-induced lung toxicity. Potential clinical risk factors and dosimetric parameters for SRILT were evaluated using logistic regression model.@*Results@#Among 227 enrolled patients, 190 cases underwent lobectomy and 37 patients received pneumonectomy. Twenty-three patients (10.1%) developed SRILT after lobectomy. Seventeen patients experienced grade 2 SRILT, 5 cases of grade 3 SRILT and 1 case of grade 4 SRILT. Univariate analysis showed that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy, relatively large PTV, mean lung dose and V20- V40 were significantly correlated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.015, 0.048 and<0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 were significantly associated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.017 and P=0.009).@*Conclusions@#The incidence of SRILT is relatively low in NSCLC patients after postoperative radiotherapy. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 are risk factors of SRILT.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 334-338, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745306

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy and toxicity between nedaplatin-and cisplatin-based regimens in patients with unresectable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Methods From January,2015 to December,2016,patients with unresectable locally advanced NSCLC receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy were included in this study.Patients received thoracic radiotherapy (RT) combined with nedaplatin-based concurrent chemotherapy were enrolled in the nedaplatin group (n=38).Those treated with thoracic RT combined with cisplatin-based chemotherapy were allocated into the cisplatin group (n=84).The chemotherapy regime consisted of platinumin combination with paclitaxel or etoposide.Platinum combined with pemetrexed was adopted in patients with adenocarcinoma.Overall,the median age was 58 years old.Most of the patients were male (86.1%),77.0% of them had a history of smoking and 63.9% of the patients were pathologically diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma.Besides,59.0% of the patients had Ⅲ B NSCLC.Results In the nedaplatin and cisplatin groups,the overall response rate (ORR) was 79% and 86%,and the disease control rate was 94% and 94%.The median follow-up time was 20 months.In the nedaplatin group,the 1-and 2-year PFS was 49% and 23%,and 67% and 39% in the cisplatin group (P=0.160).In the nedaplatin group,the 1-and 2-year OS was 91% and 72%,and 89% and 68% in the cisplatin group (P=0.552).Nine patients (24%) had ≥grade 3 adverse events in the nedaplatin group and 25 patients (30%) in the cisplatin group (P=0.488).No statistical significance was found in radiation-induced esophagitis,bone marrow suppression and gastrointestinal toxicity between two groups.One patient in the nedaplatin group presented with grade 3 radiation-induced pneumonitis and 2 patients died of radiation-induced pneumonitis in the cisplatin group.Conclusions Thoracic radiotherapy combined with nedaplatin-based chemotherapy is a promising option for patients with unresectable locally NSCLC.Compared with the cisplatin-based chemotherapy,nedaplatin-based regime yields equivalent clinical efficacy and less adverse events,especially suitable for the elderly patients with poor tolerance.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 123-127, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809844

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the pathological features, immunophenotypes, differential diagnoses and prognostic parameters of collecting duct carcinoma of the kidney (CDC).@*Methods@#Clinical imaging, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and survival data of 10 patients at First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2009 to August 2017 were retrospectively analyzed along with a review of literatures.@*Results@#The clinical symptoms of CDC were not specific, and image examinations showed space-occupying mass lesions. Tumors were mainly located in renal medulla with grey and firm cut face and the presence of focal hemorrhage and necrosis. Microscopically, there were predominant tubular or tubular-papillary structures with associated focal sarcomatoid areas, desmoplastic stromal reaction and lymphoplasmacytic cells infiltration. Tumor cells had marked cytological atypia with high grade nuclei, conspicuous nucleolus and numerous mitoses. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were strongly positive for CK19, E-cadherin, vimentin, HCK, CK7 and PAX8. The main treatment was radical nephrectomy in the patients. Seven cases died of CDC with median survival of 10 months.@*Conclusions@#CDC is a rare, highly aggressive malignancy of kidney with poor prognosis. Definitive diagnosis should be made by histology and immunohistochemistry. Differential diagnoses include papillary renal cell carcinoma(type Ⅱ), renal medullary carcinoma, infiltrating high grade urothelial carcinoma, renal pelvis adenocarcinoma and metastatic adenocarcinomas.

7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 446-451, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806730

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of pretreatment Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio(NLR) in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) patients treated with thoracic radiotherapy.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyze 420 patients who received thoracic radiotherapy alone, sequential chemoraiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced stage NSCLC from January 2007 to December 2010 of our hospital. The patients were divided into two groups (high NLR group and low NLR group) with appropriate cutoff point using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve method. The survival curve was established by Kaplan-Meier method. The Log-rank test was used to compare the survival of the two NLR groups and the multivariate analysis was carried out by Cox regression model.@*Results@#Among the 420 patients, 99 received radiotherapy alone, 139 received sequential chemoradiotherapy and 182 received concurrent chemoradiotherapy. 345 patients died and 75 were still alive. The median follow-up time was 5.2 years and the median overall survival was 22 months. The cut-off value of pretreatment NLR was 2.1. The 5-year PFS and OS rates in high NLR group and low NLR group were 10.6% vs 15.7% (P=0.033) and 15.5% vs 22.7% (P=0.012). Multivariate analysis confirmed that pretreatment NLR (hazard ratio 1.06, P=0.041) was independent prognostic factor of OS.@*Conclusions@#Our study revealed that the pretreatment NLR is the independent prognostic factor of OS in patients with locally advanced stage NSCLC treated with thoracic radiotherapy. However, NLR is still greatly influenced by patient′s condition and treatment which needs further research.

8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 280-283, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806407

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Investigated the status quo of quality control of cancer chemotherapy in hospitals in Beijing to discover the main problems and provide the improvement measures.@*Methods@#One medical record of cancer chemotherapy was taken every month for examination of quality control, and a total of 10 medical records in each hospital were examined. A total of 756 medical records from 76 hospitals were examined.@*Results@#The results of analysis showed that the overall standardization and quality control of cancer chemotherapy was positively correlated with the grade of hospital. Only 36.8% of the hospitals were equipped with Pharmacy Intravenous Admixture Services (PIVAS). In terms of quality control of chemotherapy and medicine, the department of oncology had better performance than other departments (P<0.01). The scores of quality control of chemotherapy and medicine in the hospitals with clinical specialist pharmacists were 50.6 and 14.5, significantly higher than 47.2 and 12.7 of those without clinical specialist pharmacists (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#We should focus on the quality control of cancer chemotherapy in secondary hospitals, reinforce the training of oncology specialists, establish the admission system of oncologists, enhance the training of oncology clinical pharmacists and promote the standardization of cancer chemotherapy.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 559-563, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708235

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the objective response rate, survival and safety of radiotherapy combined with Iressa for patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) unsuitable for surgery or concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Methods The patients with locally advanced NSCLC unsuitable for surgery or concurrent chemoradiotherapy were recruited and received thoracic intensity-modulated radiotherapy ( IMRT) combined with Iressa 250 mg daily. Results A total of 30 patients were enrolled between July 2014 and March 2017. Twenty-nine patients were analyzed. At 1 month after radiotherapy,the complete response (CR) was 0,partial response (PR) was 21(72%),stable disease (SD) was 6(21%), progressive disease (PD) was 2(7%),the disease control rate (CR+PR+SD) was 93%,and the objective response rate was 72%. The median follow-up time was 25 months. Fourteen ( 48%) patients died,and 15 (52%) survived. Twenty-three (79%) patients obtained PD including local progression in 18(62%) and distant metastasis in 14(48%). The median survival time (MST) was 26 months and the median PFS was 11 months. The 1-year OS and PFS were 79% and 44%,and the 2-year OS and PFS were 55% and 18%. Univariate analysis demonstrated that smoking history and disease stage were influencing factors for OS ( P=0. 035,0. 031) . Moreover, disease stage, the primary tumor diameter, the volume of GTV and PTV were influencing factors for PFS (P=0. 000,0. 016,0. 039,0. 030). Multivariable analysis revealed that disease stage and the volume of PTV were independent prognostic factors for PFS (P=0. 000,0. 012).Two patients ( 7%) developed grade 3 acute adverse events and 7 ( 24%) experienced grade 2 acute irradiation pneumonitis. Conclusions For patients with locally advanced NSCLC unsuitable for surgery or concurrent chemoradiotherapy,IMRT combined with Iressa yields high objective response rate and well tolerance. The long-term clinical efficacy remains to be validated.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 951-955, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617808

ABSTRACT

Charged particle therapy offers a better effect and obvious dosimetric and biological advantages over conventional radiotherapy in tumor control.Charged particles form Bragg peak in the dose distribution in tissue, enable most of energy to be deposited in the target region, and thus enhance tumor control and reduce the damage to normal tissues surrounding the tumor.With the increasing demand for charged particle therapy and the advances in particle accelerator, particle therapy technology is developing rapidly.The core apparatus of particle therapy facility is particle accelerator, and the accelerator type, particle type, and implementation technique determine the performance and therapeutic effect of the facility.This article provides a detailed comparative analysis of various particle therapies.Statistical data show that proton therapy is dominant in particle therapy, and high construction difficulty, large facility size, and extremely high cost have limited the development of heavy ion therapy.Nowadays, there are still some technical problems regarding charged particle therapy, and more clinical trials are required.

11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 917-922, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304475

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the impact of AJCC TNM Staging 7th edition on survival outcome of limited stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four hundred and thirty-seven SCLC patients with completed diagnosis and treatment data treated in our department between January 1996 and December 2006 were reclassified according to the AJCC TNM Staging 7th edition. The patients of stages IA, IB, IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB were 8, 44, 7, 64, 192 cases, respectively. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis and log-rank test was used to identify the prognostic factors. The survival rate was determined using chi-square test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median follow-up time was 64 months. The median survival time was 26.2 months and median progression free survival time was 13.7 months. The 1-, 2- and 5-year overall survival rates were 86.0%, 52.7%, and 29.7%, respectively. The log-rank test showed that TNM stage is a statistically significant prognostic factor for OS in LS-SCLC (P<0.001). TNM staging system generally allowed a good separation in pairwise comparison for OS between successive stages except there was no significant difference between stages I and II (P=0.061). The 5-year progression free survival rates of patients of stage I, II, IIIA and IIIB were 53.2%, 43.2%, 16.8%, and 10.9%, respectively. TNM stage also was a statistically significant prognostic factor for PFS in LS-SCLC (P<0.001), but there was no significant difference between successive stages (P>0.05 for all). The T staging confirmed significant influence on OS (P<0.001) with no significant difference between successive stages (P>0.05 for all), while T stage was not a significant prognostic factor for PFS in the LS-SCLC patients (P=0.194). N stage also had a significant influence on OS (P<0.001), but with no significant differences between successive stages except N1 and N2 (P=0.001). N staging also showed significant influence on PFS (P=0.001), but with no significant difference between successive stages (P>0.05) except that between the 5-year survival rates of N2 and N3 cases (P=0.013). The cumulative brain metastasis rates of stages I, II, IIIA, and stage IIIB were 17.3%, 28.6%, 33.3%, and 35.8%, respectively(P=0.072), and were 12.8% and 30.8% for pathological stage I and clinical stage I (P=0.203).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>AJCC TNM Staging 7th edition criteria for LS-SCLC patients have a high prognostic impact and therefore are preferable in clinical practice and future therapeutic trials.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lung Neoplasms , Mortality , Pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Methods , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Mortality , Pathology , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate , Time Factors
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 223-226, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248378

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of comprehensive treatment and examine the impact of clinical factors on the survival outcome of limited-stage small cell lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical records of 335 patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer treated in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between January 1996 and December 2006 were analyzed retrospectively in this study. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and log-rank test and Cox regression were used for univariate and multivariate analyses of prognostic factors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median follow-up time was 54 months for all patients, the median survival time was 23.8 months, and progression-free survival was 12.5 months. The 2-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates were 47.3%, 32.9%, and 22.9%, respectively. The acute toxicity during comprehensive treatment was tolerable. The incidence of ≥grade 3 hematological toxicity, ≥grade 3 gastrointestinal toxicity, ≥grade 2 radiation pneumonitis and ≥grade 2 acute esophagitis were 37.0%, 14.9%, 11.0%, and 38.8%, respectively. The univariate analysis showed that KPS<80, smoking and high LDH level significantly reduced the overall survival time in patients with limited-stage SCLC. The multivariate analysis showed that KPS and weight loss were independent factors affecting the prognosis for the limited stage SCLC patients (P<0.05 for all).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Sequential chemoradiotherapy can be safely and effectively performed in limited-stage small cell lung cancer. Krnofsky performance status and weight loss are independent prognostic factors for the overall survival of LS-SCLC.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemoradiotherapy , Disease-Free Survival , Esophagitis , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Pathology , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Pathology , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate
13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 863-867, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286707

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the efficacy and toxicity of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 251 patients with stage III (76 IIIA and 175 IIIB) NSCLC who received CCRT as initial treatment between Jan 2001 and Dec 2010 in our hospital were reviewed. A median total radiotherapy dose of 60 Gy (range, 50-74 Gy) were delivered. 174 patients were treated with IMRT, 51 with 3D-CRT and 26 with 2D-radiotherapy. EP chemotherapy regimen was administered in 112 patients, PC regimen in 99 patients, topotecan regimen in 18 patients and other regimens in the remaining 22 patients. The efficacy and toxicity of CCRT were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>244 patients were assessable for response, including 6 (2.5%) patients with CR, 183 (75.0%) with PR, 42 (17.2%) with SD and 13 (5.3%) with PD. At a median follow-up period of 20 months, the 1-, 3-, 5- year OS were 69.2%, 31.2%, 23.2%, respectively, and the median OS was 21 months. The 1-, 3-, 5- year PFS were 40.9%, 22.1%, 17.7%, respectively, and the median PFS was 10 months. Patients with stage IIIA NSCLC achieved better 5-year OS than that with IIIB NSCLC (29.2% vs. 20.7%, χ2=2.254, P=0.133). Failure pattern was assessable in 244 patients, including 61 (25.0%) locoregional progression alone, 55 (22.5%) distant metastasis alone and 77 (31.6%) with both. The rates of grade≥3 radiation pneumonitis, esophagitis and hematologic toxicity were 4.4%, 11.2% and 26.4%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CCRT provide stage III NSCLC patients favorable outcome with acceptable toxicity. CCRT is standard therapeutic approach for patients with unresectable locally advanced NSCLC.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Pathology , Therapeutics , Chemoradiotherapy , Cisplatin , Cyclophosphamide , Esophagitis , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , Therapeutics , Neoplasm Staging , Radiation Pneumonitis , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Retrospective Studies , Topotecan
14.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 242-244, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452779

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a Taqman fluorescence quantitative PCR for the detection of Salmonella in drugs. Methods:Based on Salmonella specific gene, a pair of primers and a probe were designed, and DNA of Salmonella was extracted for the detec-tion. Results:The method was much specific, and the detection limit was 160 cfu/ml. The detection rate was 100% for the artificially contaminated samples. Conclusion:Fluorescence quantitative PCR can be applied in the rapid detection of Salmonella in drugs.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 513-517, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430118

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze survival and recurrence rates of patients with Masaoka stage Ⅲ thymoma and to explore the prognostic factors.Methods Between September 1965 and December 2010,a total of 111 patients with stage Ⅲ thymoma treated in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed.Sixty-eight patientsreceived comple te rescction ± radiotherapy,whilc 23 patients received incomplete resection ±radiotherapy and 20 patients received biopsy ± radiotherapy.Eighty-seven patients received postoperative radiotherapy (12 patients received preoperative radiotherapy) while 24 patients received surgery alone.Results The median follow-up time was 66 months (5-540) with a follow-up rate of 92.5% (111/120).Compared with incomplete resection ± radiotherapy and biopsy ± radiotherapy,the 5-year overall survival (OS) (88% vs.59% and 57%,x2 =12.11,P =0.002),disease free survival (DFS) (74% vs.40% and 41%,x2 =11.49,P =0.003) and disease specific survival (DSS) (94% vs.69% and 60%,x2 =10.95,P =0.004) could be improved with complete resected ± radiotherapy.Compared with surgery alone,postoperative radiotherapy did not improve OS,DFS and DSS (55% vs.77% (x2 =1.01,P =0.316),61%vs.61% (x2 =0.12,P =0.729) and 72% vs.85% (x2 =0.27,P =0.601),respectively).For the 68 patients received complete resection,radiotherapy after complete resection (56 patients) did not improve OS,DFS and DSS (82% vs.89% (x2 =0.31,P =0.576),72% vs.81% (x2 =0.05,P=0.819) and 89%vs.95 % (x2 =0.05,P =0.825),respectively) compared with surgery alone (8 patients).Conclusions Stage Ⅲ thymoma patients received complete resection had better outcome than patients received incomplete resection or biopsied only.The role of postoperative radiotherapy is still controversial for stage Ⅲ thymoma,randomized clinical trial is needed

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 388-391, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427063

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the effect on lung injury of gefitinib or/and radiation.Methods Totally 160 mice were divided into five groups:control (C) ;gefitinib (G) ;radiation (R) ;gefitinib followed by irradiation ( G + R) ;and R + G.12 Gy irradiation was delivered.Geiitinib fed by 200 mg/kg once daily for 3 weeks.Mice were sacrificed on 1,2,4 or 6 months after radiation.Macrophage count of lung lavage fluid and hydroxyproline assessed,lung fibrosis scored.and plasma TGF-β1 concentration assayed.One-way ANOVA was used to test the significance. Results The lung lavage macrophage cell number were significantly higher in group R,R + G and G + R than group C ( q =2.95 - 8.61,all P < 0.05 ) on 4 and 6months,yet no significant difference between the three groups ( q =0.37 -3.49,all P < 0.05 ) ; The macrophage was significantly lower in month 1,4 and 6 in group G than R,R + G and G + R ( q =3.37- 6.25,all P < 0.05 ).The hydroxyproline content and the fibrosis score of G,R,R + G and G + R were significantly higher than C ( q =3.14 - 4.76,all P < 0.05 ),but no significant difference between the four groups ( q =0.70 - 4.19,all P > 0.05 ).The TGF-β1 concentration of R,G + R,R + G at all time points and TGF-β1 concentration of G at 1 st and 2nd months were significantly higher than C ( q =3.76 -8.09,all P < 0.05).ConclusionsGefitinib could cause lung fibrosis in vivo in BalB/C mouse.The combination of gefitinib and radiation did not significantly exacerbate lung injury caused byeither alone.The mechanism of lung fibrosis caused by gefitinib might be different from that by radiation which needs further research.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 289-292, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425926

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate whether oral administration of Chinese tradiational medicine,Qing-Xue granula,can prevent mouse lung injury caused by thoracic radiation.Methods128 BalB/C mice were divided into 4 groups:control (C) group; radiation (R) group; radiation plus high dose Qing-Xue granula (H) group and radiation plus median dose Qing-Xue granula ( M ) group.The H and M groups were fed 0.64 g and 0.32 g of Qing-Xue granula dissolved in 0.5 nl anline once daily for two months,which were 4 and 2 times of human dosage,respectively.Whole thorax radiation of 12 Gy was delivered with a single ventral-dorsal field with 6 MV X-ray.Group C and group R received 21 days of 0.5 ml saline feeding.Mice were sacrificed at 1,2,4 or 6 months after radiation. Macrophage cell count of lung lavage fluid and hydroxyproline content of left lung were assayed,and the lung fibrosis was scorred according to the Ashcroft's criteria.The plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) concentration were assayed with ELISA method.The One-way ANOVA was used to test the significance of any differences between groups at each time point. Results The macrophage cell number of lung lavage fluid was significantly lower in the 1st month in group M than in group R (2∶4,q =3.92,P < 0.05 ),but had no significant difference between group M and C ( 1 ∶ 4,q =2.13,P>0.05 ).The hydroxyproline content of group H was significantly lower than group R in the 1st and 6th months (q =3.62,3.54,all P < 0.05 ),but still higher than group C ( q =4.09,3.72,all P < 0.05 ).The fibrosis score of group H was significantly lower than group R in the 2nd,4th and 6th months (q=3.38 -4.16,all P<0.05).The IL-6 concentration of group H was significantly lower than group R in the 1st month ( q=3.53,P<0.05 ),but not significantly higher than group C (q =1.41,P>0.05).The VEGF concentration was significantly higher in group R than group C since the 2nd month ( q =3.12 - 3.78,P < 0.05 ).The VEGF concentration was significantly higher in group H and M than group R in the 2nd and 6th months ( q =3.08 - 3.92,all P < 0.0 5 ).Conclusions Oral Chinese traditional medicine,Qing-Xue granula,could prevent radiation induced lung fibrosis in mice,especially at high dosage.The degree of elevation of VEGF in plasma was not parallel with that of lung fibrosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 217-221, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425903

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the value of the international union against cancer (UICC)stage,pathologic complete response (pCR),and the estimated treatment response as various means for prognostic stratifying patients after surgery in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus who received preoperative radiotherapy (RT).MethodsA retrospective review was performed on 311 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who received RT before the esophagectomy. Data collected included the demographics,the RT details,the pathologic findings,and the survival.Prognostic survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method and Logrank test.ResultsThe follow-up rate was 96.5%,89 and 43 patients,respectively were followed up more than 5 and 10 years.In univariate analysis,residual disease and the number of positive lymph node were predictors of the overall survival ( T-pCR,x2 =11.53,P =0.001 ;0,1 -3,≥4,x2=42.13,P=0.000,respectively).Further study found the 7th stage system of UICC cannot (can or cannot) entirely predict the prognosis of this group of patients.If categorizing the stages of their lymph nodes into three groups:N0(0),N1 (1-3) and N2(≥4)),and the modified UICC system can accurately distinguish ypStage Ⅰ with ypStage Ⅱ ( T0.3 N 1 M0 + T3 N0 M0 ) ( x2 =11.15,P =0.001 ) and ypStage Ⅱ with ypStage Ⅲ ( T4 N0-1 M0 and T0-3 N2 M0 ) ( x2 =23.39,P =0.000 ).ConclusionsThe pathologic post-radiotherapy T stage and the number of positive lymph node are predictors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma receiving preoperative radiotherapy.The modified UICC stage system can be a better survival predictor than the 7th UICC stage system.

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Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 282-285, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416595

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the variation of gross tumor volume (GTV) and clinical target volume (CTV) definition for lung cancer between different doctors.Methods Ten lung cancer patients with PET-CT simulation were selected from January 2008 to December 2009.GTV and CTV of these patients were defined by four professors or associate professors of radiotherapy independently.Results The mean ratios of largest to smallest GTV and CTV were 1.66 and 1.65, respectively.The mean coefficients of variation for GTV and CTV were 0.20 and 0.17, respectively.System errors of CTV definition in three dimension were less than 5 mm, which was the largest in inferior and superior (0.48 cm,0.37 cm,0.32 cm;F=0.40,0.60,0.15,P=0.755,0.618,0.928).Conclusions The variation of GTV and CTV definition for lung cancer between different doctors exist.The mean ratios of largest to smallest GTV and CTV were less than 1.7.The variation was in hilar and mediastinum lymphanode regions.System error of CTV definition was the largest (<5 mm) in cranio-caudal direction.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 198-201, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415522

ABSTRACT

Objective This study was to assess the three-dimensional gross tumor volume(GTV)motion of lung cancer caused by respiration using four-dimensional computed tomography(4DCT),and to analyze the influenee factors.Methotis Four-DCT scans of 22 lung focuses in 21 patients with lung cancer were analyzed.The gross tumor volume was contoured in all 10 respiration phases of 4DCT scans.The changes in volume of GTV,the 3D motion of the centroid,boundary of GTV and the 3D spatial motion vectors were calculated and the irdluenee factors were analyzed.Results The average change in volume of GTV was+14.3%(0.2%.42.5%)/-8.4%(0.4%-38.6%),the average movement amplitude of GTV centroid and GTV boundary were(0.18±0.12)cm,(0.20±0.16)cm,(0.53±0.59)cm and(0.42±0.23)cm,(0.41±0.22)cm,(0.57±0.70)cm in medio-lateral,vertro-dorsal,cranio-caudal(CC) direction,respectively.The CC movement was larger than other directions(Z=-2.12,P=0.034;Z:-2.10,P=0.035),and no significant difference was observed in 3D motion of GTV boundary(Z=-0.81.P=0.417;Z=-0.86,0.391).The CC motion of GTV eentroid in lower lobe was larger than that in upper lobe[(0.87±0.64)and(0.35±0.49)cm,(t=-2.12,P=0.047)],and no significant difference was found in other directions[(0.23±0.10)and(0.19±0.18)em(t=-0.49,P=0.629),(0.21±0.13)and(0.17±0.11)cm(t=0.76,P=0.460)].There was no correlation of the 3D movement and 3D spatial motion vector of GTV to the volume of GTV(r=-0.306,-0.062,-0.279,-0.300;P=0.189,0.796.0.234,0.199).Conclusions GTV motion of patients with lung cancer is individual,the CC movement is the moat obvious,using 4DCT to assess is comparatively accurate.The motion amplitude of lower lobe focuses is larger.No significant correlation of the GTV motion to the volume was observed.Larger sample study is needed to analyze the influence of adjacency to the GTV motion.

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