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1.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 1-4+10, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965455

ABSTRACT

Interpretation and consideration of “Substitution of in vivo method(s) by in vitro method(s) for the quality control of vaccines” in General Texts of European Pharmacopoeia@#Potency is a critical quality attribute for controlling relevant biological properties and batch consistency of vaccines.The methods can be divided into in vivo and in vitro methods according to whether animals are used.The in vivo methods are large consuming of animals and time,as well as have large variant detection results.In contrast,the in vitro alternative methods have been the hotspot of research due to their simple operations,in line with 3Rs principles,and more stable results.However,owing to the complexity of experimental design and the lack of corresponding guidance,the research progress of alternative methods is slow.Recently,“Substitution of in vivo method(s) by in vitro method(s) for the quality control of vaccines” was adopted in the European Pharmacopoeia(10th Edition),which clarifies the critical points of consideration for substitution.This paper interprets the chapter and puts forward some thoughts on that in China,which is expected to speed up the alternative methods research and improve the ability of vaccine quality control and supervision in China.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1012-1014, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823166

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of maternal passive smoking during pregnancy and girls’ overweight /obesity on the age at menarche(AAM), and to provide a reference for improving healthy development of children and adolescents.@*Methods@#Based on the school entrance physical examination in 2016, a cross-section study was conducted by convenient sampling method, in a total of 2 722 students of 7th grade, from 26 middle schools in urban areas of Guangzhou. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to investigate the relationship between maternal passive smoking during pregnancy and girls’ overweight /obesity and AAM. A four-way decomposition method was used to explore the mediated effect of girls’ overweight/obesity on the relationship between maternal passive smoking during pregnancy and AAM.@*Results@#The proportion of girls who had menstruate was 90.82%(2 472/2 722). The median AAM was 12.00 years old, with an early menarche rate of 34.91%(863/2 472). Compared with girls whose mother hadn’t passive smoking during pregnancy, the risk of early AAM in girls with mother passive smoking during pregnancy≤3 days/week increased by 32%(OR=1.32, 95%CI=1.06-1.65), the risk in girls with maternal passive smoking during pregnancy>3 days/week increased by 58%(OR=1.58, 95%CI=1.21-2.07). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that, overweight or obesity girls had a 77% higher risk of early AAM than non-overweight/obesity girls(OR=1.77, 95%CI=1.36-2.31). The four-way decomposition analysis showed 79.60% of early AAM risk could be accounted by maternal passive smoking during pregnancy(P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Girls’ overweight/obesity and maternal passive smoking during pregnancy were associated with early menarche. The effect on daughters’ age at menarche is mainly in a direct effect manner of maternal passive smoking during pregnancy.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1415-1421, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827573

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been demonstrated as a better source of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) than plasma for brain tumors. However, it is unclear whether whole exome sequencing (WES) is qualified for detection of ctDNA in CSF. The aim of this study was to determine if assessment of ctDNA in CSF by WES is a feasible approach to detect genomic alterations of glioblastoma.@*METHODS@#CSFs of ten glioblastoma patients were collected pre-operatively at the Department of Neurosurgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. ctDNA in CSF and genome DNA in the resected tumor were extracted and subjected to WES. The identified glioblastoma-associated mutations from ctDNA in CSF and genome DNA in the resected tumor were compared.@*RESULTS@#Due to the ctDNA in CSF was unqualified for exome sequencing for one patient, nine patients were included into the final analysis. More glioblastoma-associated mutations tended to be detected in CSF compared with the corresponding tumor tissue samples (3.56 ± 0.75 vs. 2.22 ± 0.32, P = 0.097), while the statistical significance was limited by the small sample size. The average mutation frequencies were similar in CSF and tumor tissue samples (74.1% ± 6.0% vs. 73.8% ± 6.0%, P = 0.924). The R132H mutation of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and the G34V mutation of H3 histone, family 3A (H3F3A) which had been reported in the pathological diagnoses were also detected from ctDNA in CSF by WES. Patients who received temozolomide chemotherapy previously or those whose tumor involved subventricular zone tended to harbor more mutations in their CSF.@*CONCLUSION@#Assessment of ctDNA in CSF by WES is a feasible approach to detect genomic alterations of glioblastoma, which may provide useful information for the decision of treatment strategy.

4.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 430-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876252

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the application effect of day-parting appointment for elderly hypertensive contracted outpatients in community. Methods In May 2018 two groups (experiment and control) of 103 elderly hypertensive contracted outpatients, aged between 60 and 80 and looked after by the team of family doctors, who had been diagnosed with hypertension and with medication for at least one year were set up.The experimental group used self-made community hypertension visiting card for appointments, and the control group used the original way of treatment.Six months later, comparison was made in blood pressure control, the number of outpatients, the time consumed and the satisfaction between the two groups. Results It was found in comparison that the blood pressure standard-reaching rate of the experimental group was better than that of the control group (P < 0.05);outpatients′ visits and time consumed were less than those of the control group, the time used in the clinic room was longer than that in the control group; the differences in these aspects between the two groups were significant (P < 0.05);the satisfaction of the overall outpatient perception, attitude of family doctors, treatment technology, visits control, dosage, cost and safety of medication in the experimental group were better than in the control group; there were significant differences in these aspects between the two groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion Community day-parting appointment proves to be more convenient, more time-saving and safer for outpatients, greatly improving the medical quality and satisfaction for community outpatients.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1894-1900, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690697

ABSTRACT

This experiment focuses on the effect of Yunkang oral liquid on abortion rate, endocrine system and VEGF signal pathway in Clark classical recurrent abortion model mice. RSA mice were randomly divded into model group, low, middle and high-dose groups and progesterone group. The normal pregnancy mice were included into normal group. Since the first day of pregnancy, the normal group and the RSA model group were given the same dose of distilled water, while low, middle and high-dose groups were given Yunkang oral liquid at the dose of 9, 18, 36 mL·kg¹·d⁻¹; progesterone group were given progesterone by 0.039 g·kg¹·d⁻¹. The mice were put to deathat the 15th day of pregnancy, and the embryo loss rate of each group was observed. Serum estradiol (E₂), progesterone (P), prolactin (PRL), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level were tested; the protein expressions of estrogen receptor(ER), progesterone receptor (PR), prolactin receptor (PRLR) in decidua and RAS, MAPK, VEGF, VEGFR-2 gene and protein expressions in deciduas were studied. The results showed that middle, high dose Yunkang and progesterone could significantly decrease the embryo loss rate of RSA mice. The levels of FSH, LH, PRL, P and E₂ in serum in Yunkang and progesterone groups were increased, and the serum levels of FSH, LH, and E₂ in Yunkang group were higher than those in progesterone group. Western blot analysis showed that Yunkang oral liquid and progesterone can significantly increase the expressions of PRLR, PR in the uterine decidua of RSA mice, and the expression of ER in Yunkang group was higher than that in progesterone group. Western blot and PCR showed that the Yunkang oral liquid and progesterone can significantly increase RAS, MAPK, VEGF, VEGFR-2 gene and protein expressions in the uterine decidua of RSA mice. The results showed that Yunkang oral liquid can effectively reduce the embryo loss rate of RSA model mice, increase the levels of FSH, LH, PRL, P and E₂ in serum, promote the expressions of PRLR, PR, ER protein in decidua and the RAS, MAPK, VEGF, VEGFR-2 gene and protein expressions in the decidua, improve the vascular remodeling of fetal interface, the endometrial receptivty, the development of decidua and the blastocyst implantation.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 147-153, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776410

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the antihypertensive effect and possible mechanism of Dendrobium officinale flos on hypertensive rats induced by high glucose and high fat compound alcohol. The hypertensive models were successfully made by high-glucose and high-fat diet, with gradient drinking for 4 weeks, and then divided into model control group, valsartan (5.7 mg·kg⁻¹) positive control group and D. officinale flos groups (3,1 g·kg⁻¹). After 6 weeks of treatment, the blood pressure of rats was measured regularly. After the last administration, endothelin-1 (ET-1), thromboxane B₂ (TXB₂), prostacyclin (PGI₂) and nitric oxide (NO) were tested. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression and lesion status in thoracic aorta were detected. The vascular endothelium dependent dilation of the thoracic aorta was detected by the isolated vascular loop tension test. The results showed that D. officinale flos could significantly reduce systolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure in hypertensive rats, inhibit the thickening of thoracic aorta and the loss of endothelial cells, reduce plasma content of ET-1 and TXB₂, and increase the content of PGI₂ and NO. After long-term administration, vascular endothelium dependent dilation of the thoracic aorta was significantly increased, and could be blocked by the eNOS inhibitor (L-NAME) and increase the expression of eNOS. Therefore, D. officinale flos has an obvious antihypertensive effect on high glucose and high fat compound alcohol-induced hypertensive rats. Its mechanism may be correlated with the improvement of vascular diastolic function by protecting vascular endothelial cells, and finally resist hypertension.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Antihypertensive Agents , Pharmacology , Blood Pressure , Dendrobium , Chemistry , Diet, High-Fat , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Endothelin-1 , Blood , Endothelium, Vascular , Epoprostenol , Blood , Glucose , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Nitric Oxide , Blood , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , T-Box Domain Proteins , Blood , Vasodilation
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1757-1761, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256101

ABSTRACT

To study the anti-obesity effect of Mori Folium extract on diet-induced obesity(DIO) and to explore the preliminary mechanism in rats. DIO rat models were established by high glucose and high fat diet for 8 weeks. Then high(10 mg•kg⁻¹) and low(5 mg•kg⁻¹) does Mori Folium extracts were given by intragastric administration for 13 weeks. After the last administration, their body weight, 24 h food intake, water intake, Lee's index, liver/body mass index, and fat/body mass index were determined. The levels of lipoprotein lipase(LPL), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha(C/EBPα) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma(PPARγ) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Phosphorylated AMP-activated protein kinase alpha(p-AMPKα), C/EBPα and PPARγ expression levels in adipose tissues were detected by Western blot. The hematoxylin-eosin staining(HE) was used to observe the histopathological changes of adipose tissues. The results showed that both high dose and low dose Mori Folium extract can decrease body weight, Lee's index, renal fat/body mass ratio and testicle fat/body mass ratio, and the high dose group could decrease the total fat/body mass ratio. Both high dose and low dose groups had no significant effect on the food intake and water intake; however, they could decrease levels of LPL in fat, up-regulate p-AMPKα protein expression, down-regulate C/EBPα and PPARγ protein expression, and reduce fat cell volume. In conclusion, Mori Folium extract had a slimming effect on DIO rats, and its mechanism may be associated with up-regulating the expression of p-AMPKα, down-regulating the expression of PPARγ, C/EBPα and LPL, inhibiting the differentiation of preadipocytes into mature fat cells, and reducing the volume of fat cells.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1370-1375, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350175

ABSTRACT

To study the relaxation effect of buddleoside combined with luteolin on aortic rings in SD rats and its mechanism. The effect of buddleoside alone(7.5×10⁻⁶g•mL⁻¹), luteolin alone(7.5×10⁻⁶g•mL⁻¹) and the combination of buddleoside and luteolin(1∶4) on norepinephrine-induced contractility of complete, endothelium-denuded, and L-NAME and indomethacin-pretreated thoracic aorta in SD rats were observed in the in vitro ring tension test. Western blot was used to detect p-Akt and p-eNOS protein expressions in the thoracic aorta. The experimental results showed that buddleoside combined with luteolin could significantly increase the relaxation rate of blood vessels and endothelium and L-NAME-pretreated vascular rings compared with the two single administrations. And buddleoside combined with luteolin could also significantly increase p-Akt and p-eNOS protein expressions.The results suggested that the combination of buddleoside and luteolin could effectively relax the blood vessel, and the mechanism may be to increase the synthesis and release of NO and reach the role of relaxing blood vessel by activating PI3K/Akt/NO signaling pathway and enhancing the activity of eNOS.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1679-1684, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241739

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (Cox A16) are major causative agents for hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). Studies indicate that the frequent HFMD outbreaks result in a few hundreds children's death in China in recent years. The vaccine and other research for HFMD need to be developed urgently.</p><p><b>THE AIMS OF OUR STUDY WERE</b>to explore dynamic development of mother-source neutralizing antibodies against EV71 and Cox A16 in infants from Jiangsu Province, China, and to provide the fundamental data for further establishing of corresponding immunization course.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood samples were collected from 133 of parturient women once immediately before delivery and their infants at two and seven months of age. Method of micro-dose cytopathogenic effect was used to measure neutralizing antibodies against EV71 and Cox A16, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seropositive rates of anti-EV71 and anti-Cox A16 in prenatal women were 79.7% (106/133) and 92.5% (123/133), respectively; geometric mean titers (GMTs) were 29.0 and 61.9; 75.9% (101/133) prenatal women were both positive in anti-EV71 and anti-Cox A16; seropositive rates of anti-EV71 and anti-Cox A16 were 25.6% (34/133) and 38.3% (51/133) in infants at two months of age; GMTs were 12.3 and 18.0, respectively. GMTs of anti-EV71 were significantly higher for infants at seven months (82.6) compared with that at two months (P < 0.05), showing infants had inapparently infected by EV71 during two to seven months. Although only one offspring (0.75%) at seven months was found having anti-Cox A16 transfered from maternal, this observation suggested no maternal antibody may remain in infants at seven months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prevalence of EV71 and Cox A16 were relatively high in Jiangsu Province. Bivalent vaccine against both EV71 and Cox A16 should be developed, and the ideal time point for prime immunization for infants is around 2-5 months of age.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Cells, Cultured , Enterovirus , Allergy and Immunology , Enterovirus A, Human , Allergy and Immunology , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Allergy and Immunology , Virology
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 729-732, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261342

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characterization of the complete genome of EV71 in Beijing, 2008 and to provide basis for selecting appropriate virus strain to develop vaccine. Methods 12 throat swab samples were collected from children with hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD). One sample named 08YM-3 was cultured and isolated in vero cells. Viral RNA was extracted and carried out by RT-PCR and 5' , 3' rapid amplification of eDNA ends (RACE) to obtain the sequence from 08YM-3. PCR products were cloned and analyzed. Nucleotide identity between sequences was calculated and sequence alignments were made to generate phylogenetic trees using MegAlign in DNAStar. Results 3 clones were constructed that covered EV71 complete genome. Data from sequences analysis showed that this viral strain named BJ08 shared 95.6%-96.7%, 88.3%-96.1%,78.1%-94.0%,90.8%-94.6%, 85.9%-94.1% and 90.9%-93.9% in 5' UTR, PI, P2, P3, 3' UTR region and complete genome with C4 subtype, respectively. B J08 showed low nucleotides identity (<90%) with other subtypes. Phylogenetic trees established from alignment of the complete genome and VPI region indicated that B J08 belonged to C4 subtype. BJ08 and C4 subtype strains shared the same amino acids in 6 sites in VP1 region, which were associated with EV71 subtype. There was no mutation in VP1 antigen epitope (92-107aa). Conclusion This BJ08 strain belonged to C4 subtype. Further study on EV71 complete genome would have great significance for vaccine research.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 841-844, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261267

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the analytical sensitivity on 31 HBsAg enzyme immunoassy (EIA) test kits.Methotis Thirty one HBsAg EIA kits produced by domestic or overseas manufactories and applied for approval during May 2007 to May 2008,were evaluated using the national reference panels.The hyperbolic curve of the log A value and log concentration for the national sensitivity standards was established.The cut-off value of each kit was substituted into the curvilinear equation to determine the analytical sensitivity which was compared between different HBsAg EIA kits.Results Twenty seven(351 lots) domestic and 4(27 lots) overseas kits were compared.Among 378 lots of the 31 HBsAg EIA kits,only 2 lots of the domestic kits had a lower sensitivity when tested with the national HBsAg reference panels,with an average approvalr ate of 99.43%(349/351).The mean analytical sensitivity of the domestic kits for adr,adw,ay serotypes were 0.307,0.419,0.513 ng/ml,respectively.There was a significant difierence between serotypes (F=97.30,P<0.01).The mean analytical sensitivity of the overseas kits for adr,adw,ay serotypes were 0.054,0.066,0.050 ng/ml respectively,with no significant difference between serotypes(F=0.65,P>0.05).The analytical sensitivity of the overseas kits for all the three serotypes was higher than that of the domestic kits(P<0.01).There was no significant difference found between the analytical sensitivities of the kits produced by the same manufactory using 30- or 60- minute incubation of detection(P>0.05).In contrast,there was significant diffefence noticed between the analytical sensitivities of the kits produced by the same manufactory when tested for 10 or 15- minute coloration of the results(P<0.01).Conclusion Analytical sensitivity of the HBsAg EIA domestic kits should be further improved,especiatry for detecting adw and ay serotypes.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1240-1242, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329569

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the multiplex nucleic acid testing (NAT) assays for HBV,HCV and HIV in detecting HBV DNA in plasma samples. Methods 534 plasma samples collected form several areas were detected with Abbott Architect i2000 HBsAg, ani-HBs, HBeAg, anti-HBe, anti-HBc and anti-HBc IgM diagnostic kits. HBV DNA levels of those samples were detected with Roche COBAS AmpliPrep/ COBAS TaqMan HBV Test. Two kinds of multiplex NAT assays for HBV, HCV and HIV were used to test HBV DNA of those 534 samples. Results of serology-markers and quantitative HBV DNA levels with results of NAT were compared. Results HBV DNA was positive in all 81 HBsAg, HBeAg and anti-HBc positive samples,detected by both of NAT assays. HBV DNA was positive in 11 and 19 of 200 HBsAg negative samples when detected with the two kinds of NAT assays separately. Compared with the quantitative results detected by Roche COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan HBV Test, the HBV DNA positive rates were 96.9% and 94.3% in 193 samples of HBV DNA levels over 500 IU/ml while 40.2% and 45.3% in 117 samples of HBV DNA levels below 500 IU/ml while 99.3% and 96.0% in 151 samples of DNA negative HBV. Conclusion There are some occult low level HBV DNA carriers with HBsAg negative results in China. NAT assays for HBV, HCV and HIV may be useful to improve the transfusion safety.

13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 810-814, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298379

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the kinesis of cellular and humoral immune responses to different kinds of recombinant hepatitis B(rHB) vaccines in the immunized mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>At serial time points, the levels of IFN-gamma and IL-2 secreted by spleens mononuclear cells (MNC) of the vaccinated mice were detected by enzyme-linked immunospot methods (ELISPOT) after stimulation in vitro with HBsAg MHC class I peptide S28-39 or HBsAg. The lymphocytotoxicity of the immunized mice were also detected (CTL) by a specific lysis assay and the levels of anti-HBs were measured by the Abbott IMX kit.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The peak values of IFN-gamma and IL-2 in vaccinated mice were detected by ELISPOT, 10 - 14 days after immunization. The CTL and the level of IFN-gamma induced by rHB vaccine derived from yeast cells (Hansenula polymorpha) (rHP vaccine) were significantly higher than the other two vaccines (P < 0.05). The maximum lysis of CTL appeared in the vaccinated mice on day 10 after immunization, with the percentage of 39.8%. The levels of IL-2 induced by rHP vaccine were significantly higher than the other two vaccines (P < 0.05). However, the IL-2 levels in the rSC (saccharomyces cerevisiae) vaccine group were higher as compared with the rCHO vaccine group at day 7 and day 14 (7 d t = 4.595, P = 0.001 < 0.05; 14 d t = 5.721, P = 0.000 < 0.05) after immunization. The cellular immune response to the rHP vaccine was the strongest while it was the lowest to the rCHO vaccine at day 7 after immunization. The sero-positive rates and the titers of anti-HBs in the vaccinated mice increased with time after vaccination. The titers of anti-HBs in the rCHO vaccine group at day 7 were similar to the rSC vaccine group, but significantly higher than that of the rHP vaccine group (P = 0.044 < 0.05). The anti-HBs titers of the rCHO vaccine group at day 14 were significantly higher as compared to the rSC (P = 0.012 < 0.05) and rHP (P = 0.009 < 0.05) vaccine groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The immune responses induced by the three kinds of rHB vaccines were different in their patterns and levels. According to the intensity of early cellular immune response, the two yeast HB vaccines were superior to the rCHO vaccine, especially to the rHP vaccine. In contrast, the rCHO vaccine induced early seroconversion and high levels of anti-HBs.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Antibodies, Viral , Blood , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Methods , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Classification , Allergy and Immunology , Immunity, Cellular , Immunity, Humoral , Interferon-gamma , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-2 , Allergy and Immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology , Vaccines, Synthetic , Classification , Allergy and Immunology
14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 915-918, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298353

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare and analyze the sensitivity,specificity of 4 domestic ELISA kits for detection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) markers (HBsAg,anti-HBs,HBeAg,anti-HBe,and anti-HBc).Methods Five hundred and ninety four serum samples collected from patients with chronic hepatitis B and abnormal blood donors were detected for HBV markers and by 4 domestic ELISA kits.Samples with conflicting results by different diagnostic kits were retested.Samples with the HBsAg values close to the cut-off point were detected by Abbott HBsAg confirmation kit (Architect HBsAg confirm).Sensitivity of the kits was determined,using the national sensitivity reference panels for HBsAg,anti-HBs,HBeAg,anti-HBe and anti-HBc.Results The rates of sensitivity on 4 domestic kits for detection of HBsAg were 4 to 10 times lower,and on the 4 domestic kits for detection of anti-HBs,HBeAg,anti-HBc and anti-HBc were 4 to 16 times lower,as compared to Abbott Architect kits.In addition,the domestic HBV ELISA kits had some false positive results.The total coincidence rates of HBsAg,anti-HBs,HBeAg,anti-HBe,anti-HBc were 96.46%-98.15%,94.28%-98.15%,98.15%-99.49%,90.07%-96.30%,92.09%-96.80%,respectively.Conclusion Both sensitivity and specificity of the domestically produced HBV ELISA kits should be improved.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 706-711, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313109

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the kinetics of immune response in mice and human immunized with rHB vaccine or rHBsAg derived from yeast cells(Hansenula polymorpha).Methods With different doses,the level of IFN-γ secreted by spleen mononuclear cells(MNC)including CD8+T cells by MACs of mice were detected by enzyme-linked immunospot(ELISPOT)methods after stimulation in vitro with HBsAg MHC class Ⅰ peptide S28-39,respectively.At serial time points.the immunized mice were detected for IFN-γ by ELISPOT as above and for the lymphocytotoxicity test(CTL)by specific lysis assay.The levels of IFN-γ,IL-2,IL-5 and anti-HBs in mice induced by rHB vaccine were detected after single or three doses.Four adults were vaccinated with rHB vaccine according to 0,1 and 2 month schedule.The peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs)were collected at the 3,8,21,34 and 65 days after the first dose.The CD8+T cells with high purity obtained by sorting from PBMcs were stimulated with rHBsAg or HBsAg peptides.The SFC of IFN-γ,IL-2 and IL-4 of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were determined by ELISPOT.Results The cytokine of IFN-γ became detectable on day 7 and its peak value appeared on day 14 by ELISPOT.The CTL was detected on day 7 and the maximum lysis of CTL appeared on day 28.The cellular immune response of IFN-γ of MNCs were significantly correlated with the doses vaccinated from 1 μg to 8 μg(Υpositive rates=0.951,Ppositive rates=0.049<0.05;rSFC=0.996,PSFC=0.000<0.05).IFN-γSFC of CD8+T cells were significantly associated with the doses from 1 μg to 4 μg(Υ=0.999,P=0.025<0.05).The HBsAg specific cellular immune and humoral responses of mice immunized with three doses were significantly higher than that with a single dose(P<0.05).The characteristics of IFN-γ,IL-2 and IL-4 of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were variable between individuals immunized with the same rHB vaccine.The level of IL-2 and IL-4 of responders were significantly related to the titer of anti-HBs.Conclusion Data from this study showed the kinesis of cellular immunity in mice and adults vaccinated with rHBsAg or rHB vaccine respectively.and the characteristics of cellular immune response in adults induced by the vaccine.Our data provided the basis of standardizing the analysis of cellular immune response to rHB vaccine.

16.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 319-321, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232313

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the immune memory in vaccinees after the completion of a full schedule hepatitis B immunization.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One thousand and two hundred one infants born in 1987 -1989 were immunized with 3 doses of plasma derived hepatitis B vaccine, while 2484 newborn babies during 1996-1999 were injected with 3 doses of the yeast recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. All of the infants under observation were tested for HBsAg, anti-HBs and anti-HBc, in 2005. Of 959 individuals negative for anti-HBs (< 10 mIU/ml), HBsAg and anti-HBc, 228 were immunized with plasma-derived vaccine and 731 with yeast recombinant vaccine after birth. All of them were detected for anti-HBs 15 days after a booster of 10 Ipg yeast recombinant vaccine. In addition, interleukin-2 (IL-2) was detected in 11 non-responders and 22 responders after boostering, using an enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT). The anti-HBs levels of 190 individuals (91 with plasma derived vaccine and 99 with yeast recombinant vaccine) who had had quantitative data on their antibody status after the primary hepatitis B vaccination, were compared with that after the boostering.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the individuals who received plasma derived vaccine 16-18 years ago, 79.82% of them showed the signs of immune memory after one booster, with a geometric mean titer (GMT)of 325.69 mIU/ml. Of the individuals who received the yeast recombinant vaccine 6-9 years ago, 95.62% showed immune memory after one booster,with its GMT of 745.18 mIU/ml. Anti-HBs levels induced by the booster were associated with that after the primary immunization. The positive rate of IL-2 was 40.91% in subjects with good immune memory. However, IL-2 was not detected in non-responders after the booster (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Most of the individuals who had received a completed schedule of primary hepatitis B vaccination and seroconverted from anti-HBs positive to negative,showed the signs of having immune memory after the booster. Only a small proportion of the vaccinees had lost their immune memory during the long term follow-up period, suggesting that these individuals should receive a booster of hepatitis B vaccine in the highly endemic areas of hepatitis B. Hepatitis B virus; Immune memory; Booster immunization</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Antibody Formation , Hepatitis B , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Immunization, Secondary , Immunologic Memory , Interleukin-2 , Blood
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 322-325, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232312

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy of hepatitis B viruse (HBV) vaccination and its influencing factors among children in rural area of Jiangsu province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-five hundred and twenty-two children born after 1998 in rural area were selected as the study population using multistage cluster sampling method. HBsAg and anti-HBs were detected by enzyme linked immunoassay (ELISA) and radio-immunoassay (RIA), respectively. Anti-HBs negative children were boosted using different hepatitis B vaccines and the efficacy was compared. Factors causing HBV infection in HBsAg positive children were also investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HBsAg positive rates in 1-7 year olds were 0.28%-1.28%, and the anti-HBs positive rates decreased from 76.7% to 45.5%. The HBsAg positive rate in children not timely vaccinated was significantly higher than those with HBV vaccine injection within 24 hours after birth (1.4% vs. 0.5%, P = 0.031). More than 90% of the anti-HBs negative children had protective level of anti-HBs after boosted with HBV vaccine.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HBsAg positive rate in children born after 1998 in rural area of Jiangsu province decreased significantly, with an average of 0.8%. The reason for HBsAg carriage in children might be attributed to mother-to-infant transmission or not timely HBV vaccination.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Pregnancy , China , Epidemiology , Hepatitis B , Epidemiology , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Rural Population
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 326-330, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232311

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the kinesis of cellular immunity in adults who were vaccinated with yeast recombinant hepatitis B(rHB) vaccine and the correlation between cellular and humoral immune responses induced by the vaccine.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eight adults were vaccinated with rHB vaccine according to 0, 1,2 month schedule. The peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs) were collected at the 3, 8, 21, 34 and 65 days after the first dose. The high purity of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells obtained by sorting from PBMCs were restimulated with recombinant hepatitis B surface antigens (rHBsAg) or peptides. The spot forming cell (SFC) of IFN-gamma, IL-2 and IL-4 of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were detected by enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The characteristics of IFN-gamma, IL-2 and IL-4 of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells appeared different after immunization with rHB vaccine. IFN-gamma of CD8+ and CD4+ T cells could be detected early with stable SFC, while the IL-2 and IL-4 of CD4+ T cells appeared late but increased after the second and third dose of vaccination. The positive rate of IL-4 of CD4+ T cells were significantly correlated with the positive rate of anti-HBs, while the SFCs of IL-4 and IL-2 of CD4+ T cells were also significantly related to the titers of anti-FIBs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IFN-gamma could be detected early after rHB vaccination in adults, and the positive rates of IL-4 and IL-2 were correlated with that of anti-HBs.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Immunization Schedule , Interferon-gamma , Blood , Interleukin-2 , Blood , Interleukin-4 , Blood , Vaccines, Synthetic , Allergy and Immunology
19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 331-333, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232310

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association of heptitis B virus (HBV) genotypes and precore(PreC)/basal core promoter(BCP) mutation with interruption failure of HBV vaccination in mother-to-infant transmission.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total number of 208 serum samples were collected from infants and mothers,including 16 infants who had become HBsAg-positive despite a complete and timely course of immunization and another 88 infants successfully protected from mother-to infant HBV transmission. HBV genotypes were determined by type-specific primers PCR method. PreC/BCP mutations were detected by direct sequencing of PCR products, and Clustal W 1.8 software was applied to analyzing the sequences.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 16 mothers who were having vaccine failure infants, 15 (93.8%) were HBeAg positive and infected with genotype C (15/15, 100%). Among 88 mothers of having children being protected by vaccine, 51 (58.0%) were HBeAg positive, with 45.1% (23/51) of genotype C. The proportion of genotype C in HBeAg mothers of infants with vaccine failure, was significantly higher than that of mothers with vaccine protected infants (chi2 = 14.3, P = 0.003). However, the frequencies of T1762/A1764 mutations had no significant differences between genotype C HBeAg positive mothers with vaccine failure or protected infants (33.3% and 13.3%, respectively, P = 0.4). No A1896 mutation was found in these two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HBV genotype C might contribute to the immune failure of HBV vaccination in mother-to-infant transmission, while PreC/BCP mutation might not have correlation with it.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Genes, Viral , Genotype , Hepatitis B , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Mutation , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Promoter Regions, Genetic
20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 334-337, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232309

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study how hepatitis B virus(HBV) 'a' determinant hotpoint mutations were influecing the hepatitis B vaccine efficacy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Primers were designed in HBV conservative region, and the degenerate probes for detecting 16 'a' determinant hotpoint mutations were developed for gene chips. Sensitivity and specificity of the gene chips were evaluated by clone sequencing. Sera of 47 pairs of mothers and infants with immune failure and 323 mothers of children with immune protection of HB vaccine were detected by the gene chips.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Result from clone sequencing demonstrated that the gene chips were specific for the detection of 'a' determinant hotpoint mutations. The wild type of HBV was still dominant, with the prevalence of 78.66%, and the mutation frequencies of 126A, 145R, 126S-1, 126S-2, 129H, 144A, and 129R were 11.27%, 5.76%, 5.28%, 4.56%, 1.20%, 0.72% and 0.24%, respectively. The prevalence of 126A mutation was significantly higher than that of other mutations(P < 0.01). No significant differences were found in mother-infant transmission rates of 126A, 126S-1, 126S-2 and 145R variants.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The currently available hepatitis B vaccine could block mother-infant transmission of 126A, 126S and 145R variants. It appears that there is no need to develop a new hepatitis B vaccine against 126 and 145 variants at present, but the consistent epidemiological surveillance on HBV mutants should be carried out.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Genotype , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Mutation , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Virology
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