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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3252-3260, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906843

ABSTRACT

Drug combination can effectively enhance the anti-tumor effect, reduce the drug dose, and improve medication safety. The use of nano-carrier for drug co-delivery can effectively avoid the differences in drug delivery behavior in vivo. Triptolide and celastrol are the main anti-tumor active components of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f. Modern studies have shown that the combination of triptolide and celastrol can significantly enhance the antitumor effect, but they are limited by poor water solubility and low tumor tissue delivery rate. In this study, a biomimetic erythrocyte membrane liposome co-loaded with triptolide and celastrol was prepared to characterize the morphology, particle size, potential, drug release, serum stability, and other properties. The immunogenicity, uptake behavior, and anti-cell proliferation ability of the biomimetic liposome was compared. All the animal experiments were carried out in accordance with protocol evaluated and approved by the Ethics Committee of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Chengdu, China). The results showed that the biomimetic erythrocyte membrane liposome co-loaded with triptolide and celastrol (C+T/RBCm@Lip) in this study had an average particle size of 119.12 ± 2.78 nm and a spherical "core-shell" structure. The zeta potential value was -16.9 ± 1.2 mV, and the drug release behavior in vitro was slow. In addition, the process of coating the cell membrane maintained the characteristics of erythrocyte membrane protein, had good stability in serum, and could effectively avoid the recognition and clearance of macrophages, without causing immunogenicity in vivo. The uptake effect of co-loaded biomimetic liposomes on HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells was enhanced compared with that of uncoated cell membrane liposomes, and the inhibitory effect on proliferation of HepG2 cells was enhanced. In conclusion, the biomimetic liposomes coated with erythrocyte membrane prepared in this study is beneficial to the anti-tumor delivery of triptolide and celastrol, and could enhance the inhibitory effect on the growth of HepG2 liver cancer cells, providing a new idea for the anti-tumor application of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906638

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution and epidemiological characteristics of disease spectrum in patients with pre-hospital care in Urumqi, so as to provide reference for the establishment of mature pre-hospital care system. Methods Data retrieved from Urumqi Emergency Medical Center Command System were collected, and stratified random sampling method was used to selected 2400 patients from 8 districts and counties. The disease spectrum was analyzed, then the epidemiological characteristics was analyzed from the aspects of age, gender, season and aid time. Results The top 6 diseases were trauma in 696 cases (29.00%), cardiovascular disease in 521 cases (21.71%), poisoning in 328 cases (13.67%), respiratory system disease in 245 cases (10.21%), nervous system disease in 202 cases (8.42%) and digestive system disease in 139 cases (5.79%). Trauma and cardiovascular disease were the main types of pre-hospital care for both males and females, moreover, the incidence of trauma, nervous system disease, digestive system disease and other diseases in male was significantly higher than that in female (P<0.05). The distribution of trauma, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, poisoning, respiratory disease, nervous system disease, digestive system disease and other diseases showed significant difference among patients in difference age groups (P<0.05). The distribution of trauma, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, poisoning, respiratory system diseases, nervous system disease and digestive system diseases showed significant difference in different seasons (P<0.05). The emergency calls in three shifts were the most on middle shift and were the least on night shift in Urumqi, accounting for 43.88%( 1 053 / 2 400) and 15.33% (368 / 2 400). Conclusion The distribution of disease types of pre-hospital care in Urumqi varies with gender, age, season and times, so relevant departments should improve the professional abilities of first aid and allocate first aid resources reasonably.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the hepatotoxicity of different doses of geniposide on the liver of rats and the effects on bile acid profile in serum, liver tissue and feces. Method:The 60 Sprague Dawley rats, half male and half female, were randomly divided into 5 groups according to body weight: blank group and four different doses (50, 100, 200, 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) geniposide groups, 12 rats in each group. The rats were treated by gavage once a day for 7 consecutive days, and the serum, liver and cecal contents were collected on the 8<sup>th</sup> day of treatment. The activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), the contents of albumin (ALB), total bilirubin (TBIL), total bile acid (TBA), creatinine (Crea) and carbamide (Urea) were detected in each group. The sections of liver tissue were stained with hematoxylin-eosin(HE), and the protein expressions of cytokeratin 7(CK7) and cytokeratin 19(CK19) were detected by immunohistochemistry. The protein expressions of CK7 and CK19 in the liver tissue were detected by Western blot. And the mRNA expressions of cholesterol 7<italic>α</italic>-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), cholesterol 27<italic>α</italic>-hydroxylase ( CYP27A1) and cholesterol 12<italic>α</italic>-hydroxylase (CYP8B1) were detected by real-time PCR. The contents of 18 kinds of bile acids in serum, liver and cecal contents were determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS). Result:Compared with the control group, TBIL level in each dose of geniposide group was increasesd significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01). ALT, AST activity and TBA content in 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> geniposide group were increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). HE staining showed that, compared with control group, there was bile duct reaction in the portal area and inflammatory cells infiltrate around bile duct in 200 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> and 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> geniposide groups, especially 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>. The expressions of CK7 and CK19 in liver tissue of 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> geniposide group were significantly higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the control group, the contents of glycoursodeoxycholic acid (GUDCA) and glycohyodeoxycholic acid (GHDCA) in liver tissue of 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> geniposide group decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), the contents of sodium taurochenodeoxycholate (TCDCA), hyodeoxycholic acid (HDCA), cholic acid (CA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) in liver tissue increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the contents of glycocholic acid hydrate (GCA), glycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDCA), glycodeoxycholic acid hydrate (GDCA), glycocholic acid (GLCA), tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA), GUDCA, GHDCA, ursodeoxycholic (UDCA) and taurolithocholic acid (TLCA) decreased, the proportions of TCDCA, HDCA, CA, CDCA and deoxycholic acid (DCA) in liver tissue increased, the contents of GHDCA and lithocholic acid (LCA) in serum decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while sodium taurohyodeoxycholate hydrate (THDCA), taurocholic acid (TCA), GCA, TCDCA, UDCA, CA, CDCA, DCA in serum decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The contents of CA, UDCA, CA, CDCA and DCA increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the ratio of CA/DCA increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the ratio of CA and CDCA increased by 19.60% and 4.63%, respectively; Compared with the control group, the contents of all bile acids in cecal contents of 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> were decreased, and the contents of GCA, UDCA, HDCA, GCDCA, GDCA, TLCA, GLCA, CDCA, DCA and LCA were decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). In addition, real-time PCR results showed that the mRNA expressions of CYP7A1, CYP27A1 in the 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> geniposide group were significantly higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:The 400 mg·kg<sup>-1 </sup>geniposide can cause obvious hepatotoxicity in rats, and the bile acid profile in liver, serum and excrement changes significantly, and the changes of the each bile acid in liver, serum and feces are different. However, the causal relationship between the gardenoside-induced liver injury and the changes in bile acid profile are<italic> </italic>not clear. It needs to be further studied.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906008

ABSTRACT

Volatile oil is widely distributed in Chinese medicinal materials with complex chemical components. The main components are terpenes, aromatics, aliphatics, and nitrogen and sulfur containing. It has a variety of pharmacological activities. Such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-aging and so on. It is widely used in medical and health care, agricultural efficiency enhancement, and daily products. In recent years, there have been a large number of studies on the pain relief of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) essential oils, but there is no systematic generalization. The author found that the mechanism of TCM essential oils to exert analgesic effects mainly includes regulation of the central nervous system, anti-inflammatory and analgesic, antispasmodic and analgesic effects by consulting Chinese and foreign literatures in recent years, but the exact mechanism needs to be further verified. This article reviews the research progress of TCM essential oil pain relief from the aspects of pain classification, generation, analgesic mechanism and combination of other technologies, in order to provide reference for related research in the future.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905268

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of physical therapy and heel sound feedback on lower limbs motor function, mobility and activities of daily living (ADL) for stroke patients based on International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) core set. Methods:From April, 2018 to May, 2020, 113 stroke patients with motor dysfunction were divided into ischemia group (n = 67) and hemorrhagia group (n = 46) according to the cause of stroke. They received physical therapy for lower limbs and heel sound feedback for eight weeks, and assessed with ICF core set for stroke-gait, Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremities (FMA-LE), Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUGT), and modified Barthel index (MBI) before and after intervention. Results:The main effect of time was significant for qualifiers of ICF core set for stroke-gait, the scores of FMA-LE and MBI, and TUGT time (F > 100.59, P < 0.001), and it improved time by time as Post Hoc test. The main effect of groups was not significant (F < 2.29, P > 0.05), nor as Post Hoc test. The interactive effect between time and groups was significant for TUGT time (F = 6.45, P < 0.01), perhaps improved more in the hemorrhagia group, however, the interactive effect was not significant for the others. Conclusion:Physical therapy and heel sound feedback can improve motor function of lower limb, mobility and ADL for stroke patients.

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1429-1435, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922276

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the in vivo traceable acute myeloid leukemia mice model with Luciferase-Expressing KG1a Cells.@*METHODS@#KG1a cells with stable luciferase gene expression (called as KG1a-Luc cells) were constructed by lentivirus transfection, then sifted out by puromycin. Eighteen male NOD-SCID-IL2rg@*RESULTS@#KG1a cells expressing luciferase stably were successfully obtained. The tumor luminescence wildly spread at day 17 captured by in vivo imaging. The KG1a-Luc tumor cells could be detected in the peripheral blood of the mice, with the average percentage of (16.27±6.66)%. The morphology and pathology result showed that KG1a-Luc cells infiltrate was detected in bone marrow, spleens and livers. The survival time of the KG1a-Luc mice was notably shorter as compared with those in the control group, the median survival time was 30.5 days (95%CI: 0.008-0.260).@*CONCLUSION@#The acute myeloid leukemia NOD-SCID-IL2rg


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin Receptor Common gamma Subunit , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Luciferases/genetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1896-1902, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922220

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and factors affecting prognosis in children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA).@*METHODS@#Two hundred and five children with SAA treated in our department from January 2008 to April 2018 were selected, and the clinical characteristics and factors affecting prognosis were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 205 SAA children, the effective rate (CR+PR) at 3, 6 and 12 months after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) treatment was 50.9%, 59.0% and 73.9%, respectively, and 5-year overall survival rate was 93.1%±2.0%. Univariate analysis showed that 5-year overall survival rate of SAA children of spontaneous delivery was higher than that of cesarean section (P=0.039), while multivariate analysis showed that birth way had no significant influence on 5-year overall survival rate (P>0.05). The response rate at 3 months after IST of children with a recent history of decoration before SAA onset was higher than those without history of decoration (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Most of the SAA children can achieve high response rate and overall survival rate. Patients with recent history of home/school decoration may be the factor affecting hematological response after 3 months of IST, but have no influence on long-term overall survival.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Cesarean Section , Child , Female , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Pregnancy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921811

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the effects and mechanisms of Jiaotai Pills on depressed mice induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress(CUMS). The CUMS-induced depression model mice were established and the depression behaviors of mice were evaluated by sucrose preference test, open field test, tail suspension test, and forced swimming test. Molecular docking was employed to simulate the interaction of six main active ingredients in Jiaotai Pills with SIRT1. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the level of SIRT1 in the hippocampus of mice. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of SIRT1, p-NF-κB p65, NF-κB p65, and FoxO1 in the hippocampus of mice. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) kits were used to detect the levels of interleukin(IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF) in the hippocampus and serum of mice. Biochemical kits were used to detect superoxide dismutase(SOD) activity and malondialdehyde(MDA) and glutathione(GSH) levels in the hippocampus and serum of mice. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS) was used to detect the levels of dopamine(DA), 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT), and norepinephrine(NE) in the hippocampus and serum of mice. The results showed that the sucrose preference rate, movement distance, and the number of crossing centers were reduced in the model group(P<0.01), and the tail suspension time and swimming immobility time were increased(P<0.01). Molecular docking results indicated good binding of six main active ingredients in Jiaotai Pills to SIRT1. In the hippocampus, the expression level of SIRT1 was reduced(P<0.01), and the levels of p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65 and FoxO1 were increased(P<0.01). In the hippocampus and serum, the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and MDA were increased(P<0.01), and the activity of SOD and the levels of GSH, DA, 5-HT, NE, and BDNF were reduced(P<0.01). The treatment with high-dose Jiaotai Pills increased the sucrose preference rate, movement distance, and the number of crossing centers(P<0.05), reduced tail suspension time and swimming immobility time(P<0.01), elevated hippocampal SIRT1 expression level(P<0.01), decreased hippocampal and serum IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and MDA levels(P<0.01), potentiated SOD activity, and up-regulated GSH, DA, 5-HT, NE, and BDNF levels in the hippocampus and serum(P<0.05, P<0.01) in model mice. In conclusion, the results showed that Jiaotai Pills could improve the depression behaviors of model mice with CUMS-induced depression, and the underlying mechanism was related to the up-regulation of SIRT1 in the hippocampus of mice to exert anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antidepressive Agents , Behavior, Animal , Chromatography, Liquid , Depression/etiology , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hippocampus , Mice , Molecular Docking Simulation , Sirtuin 1/genetics , Stress, Psychological , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921533

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of antiretroviral therapy(ART)for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission(PMTCT)of acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS)on the growth and development of 18-month-old children born by human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)-positive pregnant women in Lingshan County,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,and provide scientific evidence for improving the ART medication plan for PMTCT.Methods Lingshan County,ranking the first in the HIV-epidemic counties of Guangxi,was selected as the research site.According to the design of retrospective case-control study,we assigned all the subjects into the case group and the control group:(1)The case group included the HIV-positive pregnant women who had received ART for PMTCT and their HIV-negative infants in Lingshan County from 2010 to 2017.The historical cards and PMTCT data of them were collected from the national PMTCT database.(2)The control group included the healthy pregnant women and their healthy babies born in the Lingshan Maternity and Infant Hospital in 2017,and the children's growth and development data were collected.The stunted growth in children was defined as at least one of the three main indicators of body height,body weight,and head circumference below the normal range.Results The number of HIV-positive mothers and their infants in the case group was 391 and 368,respectively,and 87.21%(341/391)and 95.38%(351/368)of mothers and infants respectively received ART medication.The HIV positive rate,mortality rate,and mother-to-child transmission rate of 18-month-old children were 1.36%(5/368),4.35%(16/368),and 2.01%(5/249),respectively.The incidence of stunted growth of 18-month-old children in the case group and the control group was 42.12%(155/368)and 23.06%(101/438),respectively,with significant difference(


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Female , Growth and Development , HIV , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Humans , Infant , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Mothers , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888790

ABSTRACT

Three new coumarins, integmarins A-C (1-3), and a new coumarin glycoside, integmaside A (4) were isolated from the leaves and stems of Micromelum integerrimum. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR and MS data, and their absolute configurations were assigned according to the ECD data of the in situ formed transition metal complexes and comparison of experimental and calculated ECD data. Compounds 1 and 2 are two rare coumarins with butyl and propyl moieties at the C-6 position; compound 3 is a novel coumarin with a highly oxidized prenyl group, and compound 4 is a rare bisdihydrofuranocoumarin glycoside.


Subject(s)
Coumarins/isolation & purification , Glycosides/isolation & purification , Molecular Structure , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Plant Stems/chemistry , Rutaceae/chemistry
11.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 111-119, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Shenyankangfu Tablet (SYKFT) is a Chinese patent medicine that has been used widely to decrease proteinuria and the progression of chronic kidney disease.@*OBJECTIVE@#This trial compared the efficacy and safety of SYKFT, for the control of proteinuria in primary glomerulonephritis patients, against the standard drug, losartan potassium.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Primary glomerulonephritis patients, aged 18-70 years, with blood pressure ≤ 140/90 mmHg, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 45 mL/min per 1.73 m@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was change in the 24-hour proteinuria level, after 48 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 735 participants were enrolled. The percent decline of urine protein quantification in the SYKFT group after 48 weeks was 8.78% ± 2.56% (P = 0.006) more than that in the losartan 50 mg group, which was 0.51% ± 2.54% (P = 1.000) less than that in the losartan 100 mg group. Compared with the losartan potassium 50 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 50 mg group had a 13.39% ± 2.49% (P < 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein level. Compared with the losartan potassium 100 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 100 mg group had a 9.77% ± 2.52% (P = 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein. With a superiority threshold of 15%, neither was statistically significant. eGFR, serum creatinine and serum albumin from the baseline did not change statistically significant. The average change in TCM syndrome score between the patients who took SYKFT (-3.00 [-6.00, -2.00]) and who did not take SYKFT (-2.00 [-5.00, 0]) was statistically significant (P = 0.003). No obvious adverse reactions were observed in any group.@*CONCLUSION@#SYKFT decreased the proteinuria and improved the TCM syndrome scores of primary glomerulonephritis patients, with no change in the rate of decrease in the eGFR. SYKFT plus losartan potassium therapy decreased proteinuria more than losartan potassium therapy alone.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT02063100 on ClinicalTrials.gov.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880138

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospective analyze the reason of death in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol, and the experience was summarized in order to reduce the mortality.@*METHODS@#916 children diagnosed as ALL and accepted CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol from April 2008 to April 2015 in our hospital were enrolled, the dead cases in them were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#169 children died, including 111 (65.7%) males and 58 (34.3%) females. Recurrence was the main reason of death. 150 (88.7%) children died due to recurrence, among them, 86 (57.3%) cases gave up directly. The second reason of death was infection. The main clinical sites of infection were concentrated in respiratory system and digestive system. Bacterial infection was most common (Gram-negative was common).@*CONCLUSION@#Enough finance and improving family compliance can decrease the mortality in children with ALL. Early rational use of antibiotics can reduce infection-related mortality in children with ALL.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Child , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the outcomes of the children suffered from philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph@*METHODS@#21 cases of firstly diagnosed Ph@*RESULTS@#Among 21 patients, 17 were male and 4 were female with a median age of 8 years old (range, 4-12 years), the median follow-up time was 30 moths (range, 10-133 months). All the patients were treated with chemotherapy induced by the high-risk project of CCLG-ALL 2008. Among 14 patients treated with TKI plus chemotherapy, nine patients achieved complete remission. During 3 months after treatment, patients without complete molecular response or with the second complete remission and intensity desire of transplantation were treated with allo-HSCT, among 9 patients with allo-HSCT, six patients achieved long term survival.@*CONCLUSION@#At TKI era, TKI combined with strong chemotherapy can make Ph


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Infant , Male , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879865

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the association of early nutrition intake with the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, and Weipu Periodical Database were searched for the observational studies on the association between early nutrition intake and BPD. RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of eligible studies.@*RESULTS@#Eight observational studies were included, with 548 infants with BPD and 522 infants without BPD. The Meta analysis showed that the BPD group had a significantly lower caloric intake than the non-BPD group within the first week after birth and in the first 2 weeks after birth (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early nutrition deficiency may be associated with the development of BPD, and more attention should be paid to enteral feeding of infants at a high risk of BPD to achieve total enteral feeding as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , China , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Malnutrition , Parenteral Nutrition
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879845

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features and prognosis of childhood acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 14 children who were diagnosed with AML-MRC from June 2014 to March 2020, including clinical features, laboratory examination results, and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Among the 14 children with AML-MRC, there were 9 boys and 5 girls, with a median age of 11 years (range: 1-17 years), a median leukocyte count of 8.3×10@*CONCLUSIONS@#Childhood AML-MRC is often observed in boys, and AML-M5 is the most common type based on FAB classification. Such children tend to have a poor prognosis. HSCT is expected to improve the poor prognosis of children with AML-MRC. However due to the small number of cases, it is necessary to increase the number of cases for further observation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1042-1049, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821672

ABSTRACT

italic>Inula japonica, Inula hupehensis and Inula linaariifolia are all medicinal plants of Inula L. in the Compositae family, and Inula hupehensis is endemic to China. In order to compare their genomic sequence differences and provide scientific basis for their germplasm conservation and development, we obtained and analyzed the complete chloroplast genomes of these three species. Total DNAs were extracted from fresh leaves and subjected to next-generation DNA sequencing. NOVOPlasty was used to assemble the chloroplast genomes from the sequence reads. CPGAVAS2 was used to annotate the genes and repeats in each genome. Lastly, phylogenomics analysis was conducted using RAxML. The results showed that the total length of the chloroplast genome of Inula japonica, Inula hupehensis and Inula linaariifolia is 150 754, 150 909, and 150 812 bp respectively, each consisting of a large single copy region, a small single copy region and a pair of inverted repeat regions. In addition, the G/C content of all three chloroplast genomes was approximately 37.7% and each encoded 111 unique genes, including 79 protein-coding, 28 tRNA and 4 rRNA genes. Meanwhile, 32, 33, 34 simple repeat sequences, 18, 22, 18 tandem repeat sequences and 33, 37, 38 scattered repeat sequences were identified in three species. Phylogenomic analysis showed that all three species of Inula L. and Pluchea indica were clustered together, with the relationship between Inuleae and Senecioneae closer, suggesting that Inuleae may have originated from the Senecioneae, not the Cardueae. The data in this study not only enriches the chloroplast genome database of Inula L., but also lays the foundation for the future studies of species identification, phylogenetic relationships, evolution history and genetic diversity of Inula species.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876250

ABSTRACT

Objective To ascertain the characteristics of the parturient women in the district, the requirement and satisfaction for postpartum visits, and to explore the present situation of postpartum visits in the district, providing theoretical basis for the formulation and improvement of targeted work mechanism for postpartum visits. Methods A total of 540 parturients were selected to complete the questionnaire survey according to the proportion of parturients in each community, then statistical analysis of questionnaire information was made. Results Among the 540 parturients, 400 were primiparas and 140 multiparas.More than 94% of the respondents believed that postpartum visits were necessary.The demand for postpartum visits was different between primiparas and multiparas.The primiparas needed more guidance on the nursing of the newborn, and the multiparas wanted to have more concern for postpartum recovery and health care.Respondents had high satisfaction with postpartum visits. Conclusion The form and content of postpartum visits directly affect the satisfaction of puerperants, who need higher quality and personalized services.The professional quality of visitors should be improved by professional training.And the personalized postpartum visiting service should be properly carried out by making full use of modern means of information dissemination.And postpartum psychological health care also needs attention in this regard.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1175-1181, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827630

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients carrying the HongKongαα (HKαα) allele and -α/ααα could be misdiagnosed as -α/αα by the current conventional thalassemia detection methods, leading to inaccurate genetic counseling and an incorrect prenatal diagnosis. This study was aimed to accurately analyze the genotypes of HKαα carriers and -α/ααα.@*METHODS@#Samples were collected in our hospital from July 2017 to October 2019. Twenty-four common types of Chinese thalassemia were screened by gap-polymerase chain reaction (Gap-PCR) and reverse dot blot (RDB). Anti-4.2 multiplex-PCR was used to confirm carriers of the ααα duplication with -α deletion. Two-round nested PCR and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) were applied to accurately identify and confirm their genotypes. For data analysis, we used descriptive statistics and Fisher's exact tests.@*RESULTS@#Two thousand five hundred and forty-four cases were identified as thalassemia in 5488 peripheral blood samples. The results showed that α, β, and αβ compound thalassemia were identified in 1190 (46.78%), 1286 (50.55%), and 68 (2.67%) cases, respectively. A total of 227 samples from thalassemia patients were identified as -α/αα by Gap-PCR, and the genotypes of two samples were uncertain. There was a difference between Gap-PCR and combined groups (Gap-PCR combined with nested PCR and MLPA) in detecting HKαα (P < 0.05). Among the 229 patients, 20 patients were identified as HKαα carriers and one was identified as -α/ααα by two-round nested PCR and MLPA, including 15 patients with HKαα/αα, three with HKαα/αα and β-thalassemia coinheritance, one with HKαα/--, one with HKαα/-α and β-thalassemia coinheritance, and one with -α/ααα and β-thalassemia coinheritance.@*CONCLUSIONS@#ααα and HKαα genotypes of patients carrying -α need to be detected to reduce the misdiagnosis rate of patients carrying HKαα and -α3.7/ααα alleles. More accurate genetic counseling can be provided in the clinic using nested PCR combined with MLPA.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846210

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore and verify the potential antioxidation mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine Heyan Kuntai Capsule (HKC). Methods: Gene targets of 21 ingredients of HKC were searched for through Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP) database and analysis platform, followed by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis with Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) tools. Further, the anti-oxidative function of HKC was validated in an in vitro H2O2-induced oxidative stress model in MII oocytes. Results: A total of 151 genes were obtained as targets to 21 components of HKC, whose GO were further significantly enriched in mitochondrion, superoxide dismutase activity and energy pathways, while KEGG showed the enrichment in PI3K/AKT, mTOR and ErbB1 signaling pathways. Afterwards, it was confirmed that HKC increased ATP production in H2O2-treated MII oocytes by improving mitochondrial function and reduced the dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) to exert the antioxidation effect. Conclusion:s HKC exerts anti-oxidative effect by improving mitochondrial function.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865815

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of tutorial system for medical undergraduates in a non-affiliated hospital of a medical university in Jiangsu.Methods:32 senior medical undergraduates in non-affiliated hospitals were divided into two groups. The experimental group adopted tutor-guided teaching, and the control group adopted traditional teaching. Professional theoretical knowledge, clinical ability, operational ability, foreign language level, basic research ability and participation of scientific research activities of students in the two groups were evaluated. SPSS 19.0 was used for t test, chi-square test and U test. Results:The results of operational ability ( t=3.537, P=0.000), the number of papers that had been read ( t=6.961, P=0.000), quality of these ( U=68.000, P=0.017), the number of literature reviews that had been written and reading notes ( χ2=4.747, P=0.000), participation in scientific research activities ( t=6.788, P=0.009) of students in the experimental group were better and higher than those in the control group. In the same period, there was no significant difference between the two groups in the scores of theoretical exam, clinical competence and foreign language tests. Conclusion:The implementation of tutorial system for medical students in non-affiliated hospitals is an effective measure to improve the quality of training. We should make full use of the short intership, to improve the comprehensive quality of students by establishing perfect rules, regulations and teaching evaluation system, and educate students in accordance with their own ability.

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