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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e12989, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528107

ABSTRACT

Peri-implant disease (PID) is a general term for inflammatory diseases of soft and hard tissues that occur around implants, including peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis. Cytokines are a class of small molecule proteins, which have various functions such as regulating innate immunity, adaptive immunity, and repairing damaged tissues. In order to explore the characteristics and clinical significance of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and tumor growth factor (TGF)-β1 expression levels in serum of patients with peri-implant disease, 31 patients with PID and 31 patients without PID were enrolled. The modified plaque index (mPLI), modified sulcus bleeding index (mSBI), and peri-implant probing depth (PD) were recorded. The levels of serum TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, and TGF-β1 were detected by ELISA. TNF-α, mPLI, mSBI, and PD levels were significantly higher in the PID group. TGF-β1 levels were significantly higher in the control group. There was a significant positive correlation between TNF-α and mPLI, mSBI, and PD. TGF-β1 was negatively associated with TNF-α, mPLI, mSBI, and PD. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that TNF-α and PD were risk factors for the severity of PID. The receiver operating curve analysis showed that high TNF-α levels (cut-off value of 140 pg/mL) and greater PD values (cut-off value of 4 mm) were good predictors of PID severity with an area under the curve of 0.922. These results indicated that TNF-α and PD can be used as a biological indicator for diagnosing the occurrence and progression of PID.

2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 787-792, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922158

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and clinical efficiency of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in the treatment of small-volume BPH (SBPH) complicated by severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 82 cases of SBPH with severe LUTS treated by HoLEP from January 2017 to December 2018. The patients were aged (65.5 ± 7.6) years, with a mean prostate volume of <40 ml, a total IPSS of 24.8 ± 4.6, a QOL score of 5.2 ± 0.8, the maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) of (7.6 ± 3.7) ml/s, and a mean PSA level of (1.8 ± 1.4) μg/L.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed, the mean operation time averaging (30.2 ± 5.0) min, enucleation time (26.7 ± 5.6) min and comminution time (3.5 ± 1.1) min, and the enucleated tissue weighing (20.3 ± 4.9) g. After surgery, the bladders were irrigated for (3.5 ± 1.9) h, with (3.0 ± 1.7) L of rinse solution, and catheterization lasted (24.8 ± 9.7) h. Histopathology revealed moderate or severe lymphocytic infiltration in 69 cases (84.1%). At 6 months after operation, significant improvement was observed in the IPSS, QOL, Qmax and PSA level compared with the baseline (P < 0.05). To date, no urethral stricture-related reoperation was ever necessitated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HoLEP is safe and effective for the treatment of SBPH complicated by severe LUTS and can be employed after adequate preoperative evaluation of the patient.《.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Lasers, Solid-State , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/surgery , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
3.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 76-79, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849850

ABSTRACT

The invasion and metastasis of malignant tumors are the main factors affecting the prognosis of patients. Tumor parenchymal cells are significantly heterogeneous and their biological characteristics are very different. The tumor cells of the tumor invasive front (TIF) often play a decisive role in invasion and metastasis. It was found that the cells in this region may have more stem cell characteristics, more invasiveness and therapeutic resistance, which can better predict the progression of tumors and provide a reference for the formulation of personalized treatment schemes. This article summarizes the clinical significance of the TIF from three aspects: pathology, biological characteristics, imaging, especially molecular imaging.

4.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 628-633, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484163

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the differences in intestinal flora of normal and type 2 diabetic mice, the effect of alcoholic extract of Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt on mouse intestinal flora, and explore the possible relationship between alcoholic extract of Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt, intestinal flora and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in mice.Methods Stool samples were collected from the normal control group (A), high dose (1.8 g/kg) (B) and moderate dose (1.2 g/kg) (C) alco-holic extract of Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt model groups, metformin (0.2 g/kg) treatment group (D) and blank control (E) group.16S rDNA real-time quantitative PCR assay was used to determine the levels of Clostridium coccoides and Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron in the stool samples.Pearson analysis method was used to analyze the correlation between the levels of tar-get bacterial species and the fasting blood glucose ( FBG) in the mice.Results 1.Compared with the normal control group, the levels of Clostridium coccoides and Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron in the T2DM model group were significantly low-ered (P=0.017, P=0.002).2.Compared with the model group, the levels of Clostridium coccoides and Bacteroides the-taiotaomicron of the high dose Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt alcohol extract group were significantly different ( 2 weeks: P =0.027, P=0.006;4 weeks:P=0.007, P=0.012).3.The levels of Clostridium coccoides and Bacteroides thetaiotaomi-cron were positively correlated with the FBG level in the mice.Conclusions The alcohol extract of Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt has certain effect on the intestinal flora in type 2 diabetic mice and there is certain correlation between the effect of alcohol extract of Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt and their blood glucose level.

5.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 368-370, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451490

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the dynamic visual acuity ( DVA) before and after vestibular habituation of subjects in order to optimize the DVA assessment criteria .Methods The vestibular function examination system was applied to the detection of static and dynamic visual function in 16 healthy subjects .Results When the speed of left or right swinging was fast enough , DVA before and after vestibular habituation was different .Conclusion Subjects with vestibular habituation can reduce their sensitivity to the vestibular system , the changes in DVA are better than before habituation , and the vestib-ular function adaptability training may have effect on DVA .

6.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1493-1496, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456611

ABSTRACT

[ABSTRACT]AIM:Toinvestigatetheroleofcysteine-rich61(Cyr61/CNN1)inproliferationandmigrationof bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells ( BMSCs ) .METHODS: The lentiviral vector carrying CCN 1 ( Lenti-GFP-CCN1 ) was constructed and then transfected into the rat BMSCs .The cells were divided into non-transfection group , transfection group ( transfected with Lenti-GFP-CCN1 ) and negative control group ( Lenti-GFP ) .The fluorescence intensity of the transfected BMSCs was observed under inverted fluorescence microscope .The effects of CCN1 on the proliferation and mi-gration of BMSCs were detected by MTT assay and scratch wound healing assay .RESULTS:The proliferation of BMSCs transfected with Lenti-GFP CCN1 had no significant difference compared with negative control group and control group .The width/thickness ratio of migrated BMSCs in wound healing was significantly higher in Lenti-GFP-CCN1 group than that in negative control group and control group (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:Exogenous CCN1 promotes the migration of BMSCs.

7.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1491-1493, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733168

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of ultrasound-guided liver biopsy for infantile hepatitis syndrome regarding diagnosis,treatment and prognosis.Methods Fifty children with infantile hepatitis syndrome hospitalized in Guiyang Maternal and Child Hospital during Aug.2010 to May 2012 were involved in this study.Ultrasoundguided liver biopsies were performed to evaluate the inflammation grade and fibrosis stage.Immunohistochemical staining was used for pathogen diagnosis.The clinical outcomes were followed-up.Results Thirty-four cases (68%)were CMV infection,6 cases(12%) were vanishing bile duct syndrome,4 cases(8%) were chronic intrauterine infection,4 cases(8%) were congenital anomaly of bilirubin metabolism,and 2 cases (4%) were obstructive cholangitis.All 50 cases showed mild inflammation at portal area(G1-G2 grade).All 50 cases exhibited liver fibrosis.Sixteen cases were S1 stage,20 cases were S2 stage,8 cases were S3 stage and 6 cases were S4 stage.Pathogen analysis:all 50 cases showed intrahepatic cholestasis:38 cases were diffuse cholestasis,and 12 cases were moderate cholestasis.Treatment:all cases were treated using 2-week heteropathy; antivirus was used for CMV infected cases,thus 39 cases were finally cured,9 cases were relieved,and 2 cases were ineffective.Conclusion Liver biopsy is valuable for diagnosis,treatment and prognosis infantile hepatitis syndrome.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 763-766, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436071

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of low-dose prednisone combined with methotrexate (MTX) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods In this 12-week study,150 patients with active rheumatoid arthritis were randomly divided into two groups:prednisone group (70 cases who were received prednisone 5 ~ 10 mg/d + MTX 10 mg/w +HCQ 0.2 g/d) and control group (80 cases who were treated by Meloxicam 7.5 mg/d + MTX 10 mg/w +Leflunomide (LEF) 20 mg/d).The primary end-points were tender and swollen joint counts,visual analogue scales (VAS),and global physician and patients assessments of disease.The secondary end-points were morning stiffness time,C-reactive protein,erythrocyte sedimentation rate,the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ),DAS28 and ACR20,ACR50.Results After 12 weeks,in terms of primary endpoints,tender and swollen joint counts,VAS and global physician assessments in the prednisone group were improved significantly [(4.5 ± 2.5),(3.2 ± 3.36),(21 ± 15),(24.2 ± 16.4),(20.2 ± 10.4) vs (6.4 ±5.84),(6.6±5.5),(46±14),(37.9±19.7),(34.1±12.4),P <0.05orP <0.01].In terms of secondary end-points,the prednisone group produced higher response rates [HAQ score (0.93 ± 0.52),CRP(10.2 ± 5.8) mg/L,ESR(30 ± 14) mm/h,morning stiffness time (32.0 ± 32.3) min,DAS 28 score (3.1±0.9) vs (1.22 ±0.81),(16.3±10.1)mg/L,(33±29)mm/h,(54.7±45.4)min,(4.9±1.9),P <0.05 orP <0.01].The incidence of adverse events was similar between two groups (43% vs 49%,P > 0.05).Conclusions Low-dose prednisone combined with MTX and HCQ produced rapid and relevant improvements in RA signs and symptoms.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 244-247, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425115

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantify the heart and liver iron overload in thalassemia patients and discuss the relationship of iron deposition between them,and to evaluate the accuracy of using hepatic iron concentration > 15 mg/g dry tissue as an index to predict heart iron deposition as used in clinical practice.Methods One hundred and three transfusion-dependent patients with thalassemia,who were older than 5 years,underwent MRI heart and liver measurement to obtain T2 * values.The Spearman rank correlation was employed to analyze the relationship between cardiac T2 * and liver T2 * values.By using liver T2 * =0.96 ms as standard setting,patients were divided into two groups,and the differences of cardiac T2 * values between the two groups were compared by Wilcoxon rank sum test.Then by using cardiac T2 * =10,20 ms as standard setting,patients were divided into 3 groups,and the differences of liver T2 * values among the 3 groups were compared by Wilcoxon rank sum test.The ROC curves were drawn to predict the possibility of using hepatic iron concentration > 15 mg/g dry tissue as an index of cardiac iron deposition.Results The cardiac and liver T2 * values of the 103 thalassemia patients showed low correlation(r =0.453,P =0.000).With the liver T2 * value reduced,the cardiac T2* value did not decline proportionally.The cardiac T2 * value range and median of 25 patients' group whose liver T2 * < 0.96 ms were 4.70 to 41.70 ms and 12.10 ms,respectively.The cardiac T2 * value range and the median of 78 patients' group whose liver T2 * > 0.96 ms were 4.80 to 51.10 ms and 26.10 ms,respectively.There was statistically significant difference between those of the two groups(Z =-3.566,P =0.000).The liver T2 * value range and the median of 20 patients'group whose cardiac T2 * < 10 ms was 0.68 to 3.83 ms and 1.06 ms,respectively.The liver T2 * value range and the median of 58 patients' group whose cardiac T2 * ≥20 ms were 0.74 to 14.80 ms and 1.76 ms,respectively.There was statistical difference between those of the two groups(Z =-3.553,P =0.000).The liver T2 * value range and the median of 25 patients' group with cardiac 10 ms≤T2 * <20 ms were 0.69 to 13.59 ms and 0.99 ms,respectively.The values were significantly different from that of T2* ≥20 ms group(Z =-3.951,P =0.000).The liver T2 * values of cardiac T2* < 10 ms group was not statistically different from that of 10 ms≤T2* <20 ms group(Z =-0.046,P =0.964).To predict cardiac iron deposition with the index of hepatic iron concentration > 15 mg/g dry tissue,the area under the ROC curve was 0.771.The sensibility was 42.2%,the specificity was 89.7%.Conclusions There is low correlation between heart and liver iron level in thalassemia patients with long-term transfusions.Patients with hepatic iron concentration > 15 mg/g dry tissue have a higher incidence of heart iron deposition,but the accuracy of using hepatic iron concentration as an index to predict myocardial iron deposition is low to moderate.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 993-997, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430067

ABSTRACT

Objective Using MRI-T2 * method to quantify the cardiac iron overload in patients with β-thalassemia major and to evaluate the correlation between cardiac T2 * values and serum ferritin (SF),liver iron concentration(LIC).Methods Fifty-eight over 10 years old transfusion-dependent patients with β-thalassemia major were underwent MRI heart measurement to obtain T2 * values.Spearman rank correlation was used to analyze the relationship between cardiac T2*,SF,and LIC.Patients were divided into two groups based on standard setting (SF >2500 μg/L or LIC > 15 mg/g of dry tissue).Differences of cardiac T2 * values between two groups were evaluated by Wilcoxon rank sum test with cardiac T2 * < 20 ms as diagnosis standard.The sensibilities and specificities of prediction for cardiac iron deposition with the index of SF > 2500 μg/L or LIC > 15 mg/g dry tissue were calculated,and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed.Results The range (median) of cardiac T2 * values,SF and LIC in 58 patients were 4.7-51.1 ms (14.0 ms),1345-23 640 μg/L (5741 μg/L),9.0->43.0 mg/g dry tissue (41.4 mg/g),respectively.There was no linear correlation between cardiac T2 * values and SF (r =-0.240,P =0.070).Cardiac T2 * values and LIC was weakly correlated (r =-0.420,P =0.002).The range (median) of cardiac T2 * values was 6.1-47.6 ms (23.7 ms) in 7 patients of SF ≤ 2500 μg/L group.The range (median) of cardiac T2 * values was 4.7-51.1 ms(13.5 ms) in 51 patients of SF >2500 μg/L group.There was no statistically significant difference between two groups (Z =-0.489,P =0.625).The range (median) of cardiac T2 * values was 24.4-51.1 ms (44.8 ms) in 5 patients of the LIC ≤15 mg/g dry tissue group.The range (median) of cardiac T2 * values was 4.7-45.5 ms (13.2 ms) in 53 patients of HIC > 15 mg/g dry tissue group.There was significant difference between T2 * values of the two groups(Z =-2.895,P =0.004).To predict cardiac iron deposition,the sensibilities and specificities were 90.9% (30/33) and 16.0% (4/25) for the index of SF >2500 μg/L,100.0% (33/33) and 20.0%(5/25) for LIC > 15 mg/g dry tissue respectively.The areas under the ROC curve were 0.652 with the index of SF and 0.775 with the index of LIC.Conclusions MRI-T2 * method can directly quantify the cardiac iron overload in patients with β-thalassemia major.There is no linear correlation between cardiac T2 * values and SF.Cardiac T2 * values and LIC is weakly correlated.Using SF or LIC as an indirect index to predict cardiac iron deposition is not reliable in clinical.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 431-435, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330733

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relevant factors of liver histological changes in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with mildly elevated ALT and to explore the clinical values of these factors on anti-viral treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 152 CHB patients with mildly elevated ALT (less than 2 x ULN) who underwent liver biopsy were included in the study. Correlations between routine laboratory markers, liver histological inflammation grade and fibrosis stage were statistically assessed by Spearman correlation analysis, one-way ANOVA, area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) and Logistic regression statistical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients in the study showed various hepatic histological damages. Among the 152 patients 50 (32.9%) were found with inflammation grade 1 (G1), 42 (27.6%) with G2, 46 (30.3%) with G3 and 14 (9.2%) with G4. 16 patients (10.5%) were found with fibrosis stage 2 (S2), 25 (16.5%) with S3 and 41 (27.0%) with S4. Routine laboratory markers Alb, BPC and WBC were significantly correlated with hepatic histological inflammation grade and fibrosis stage. Marked liver fibrosis and moderate to severe liver damage were significantly higher in patients aged more than 40 years as compared to those less than 40 years of age (P = 0.002, P = 0.010). The regression equation P = 1/[1+e-(9.36250-1625Alb-0.0234BPC)] was established with sensitivity and specificity of 83.3% and 65.0%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>67.8% of CHB patients with mildly elevated ALT have significant injury to the liver tissue. CHB patients aged more than 40 years have a significant increase of marked liver fibrosis and moderate to severe liver damage. The regression equation is valuable to predict whether CHB patients need antiviral therapy or not.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Alanine Transaminase , Metabolism , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Metabolism , Pathology , Liver , Pathology , Liver Cirrhosis , Pathology
12.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 712-720, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294473

ABSTRACT

Glioma stem/progenitor cells (GSPCs) are considered to be responsible for the initiation, propagation, and recurrence of gliomas. The factors determining their differentiation remain poorly defined. Accumulating evidences indicate that alterations in autophagy may influence cell fate during mammalian development and differentiation. Here, we investigated the role of autophagy in GSPC differentiation. SU-2 cells were treated with rapamycin, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) plus rapamycin, E64d plus rapamycin, or untreated as control. SU-2 cell xenografts in nude mice were treated with rapamycin or 3-MA plus rapamycin, or untreated as control. Western blotting and immunocytochemistry showed up-regulation of microtubule-associated protein light chain-3 (LC3)-II in rapamycin-treated cells. The neurosphere formation rate and the number of cells in each neurosphere were significantly lower in the rapamycin treatment group than in other groups. Real-time PCR and immunocytochemistry showed down-regulation of stem/progenitor cell markers and up-regulation of differentiation markers in rapamycin-treated cells. Transmission electron microscopy revealed autophagy activation in rapamycin-treated tumor cells in mice. Immunohistochemistry revealed decreased Nestin-positive cells and increased GFAP-positive cells in rapamycin-treated tumor sections. These results indicate that rapamycin induces differentiation of GSPCs by activating autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Adenine , Pharmacology , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Pharmacology , Autophagy , Brain Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line, Tumor , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Glioma , Metabolism , Pathology , Leucine , Pharmacology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Sirolimus , Pharmacology , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
13.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 765-770, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813802

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a NF-kappaB siRNA expression vector and to detect the specific silencing effect of the siRNA on the expression of NF-kappaB protein.@*METHODS@#pcDNA3.1/CT-GFP-TOPO recombinant eukaryotic expression vector and pSilencer 1.0-U6-siRNA-NF-kappaB recombinant vector were constructed respectively. These 2 recombination plasmids were co-transfected into COS-7 cells, and the NF-kappaB silence induced by RNAi was detected by Western blot and the inverted fluorescence microscope.@*RESULTS@#The levels of NF-kappaB protein in COS-7 cells could be silenced effectively and specifically by pSilencer 1.0-U6-siRNA- NF-kappa recombinant vector. The expression of NF-kappaB protein was reduced gradually with the increase of pSilencer 1.0-U6-siRNA- NF-kappaB recombinant vector,which could be detected by Western blot under the inverted fluorescence microscope.@*CONCLUSION@#NF-kappaB siRNA expression vector is constructed successfully.


Subject(s)
Animals , COS Cells , Chlorocebus aethiops , Genetic Vectors , NF-kappa B , Genetics , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering , Transfection
14.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640879

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of menin in regulation of SOX4 gene expression. Methods Reporter gene vectors with SOX4 promoter were constructed,and the influence of menin on SOX4 gene promoter activity was analyzed by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay system.Real-time PCR was employed to detect the expression of SOX4 gene in mef cells of MEN1-/-mice and wild-type mef cells. Results Compared with wild-type mef cells,the SOX4 gene promoter activity was significantly higher in mef cells of MEN1-/-mice.After MEN1 gene was transfected into mef cells of MEN1-/-mice,the SOX4 gene promoter activity significantly descreased.The expression of SOX4 gene in mef cells of MEN1-/-mice was 2.5 time higher than that in wild-type mef cells. Conclusion Menin can inhibit the expression of SOX4 gene.

15.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640870

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the glucose tolerance and ability of insulin secretion in SD rats in second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Methods SD rats with pregnancy of 15 d were selected as experimental group(n=6),and another 6 rats of the same batch without pregnancy were served as controls(n=6).Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance trials(IPGTT) were conducted in these two groups.Rat islets were isolated after in situ collagenase digestion through pancreatic duct perfusion,islet morphology was observed by inverted phase contrast microscope,and insulin secretion was determined by radioimmunoassay. Results It was revealed by IPGTT that the levels of glucose at 30,60,90 and 120 min were significantly lower in experimental group than those in control group(P

16.
Journal of Environment and Health ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-675859

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of perinatal bisphenol A BPA exposure on brain development of F1 male offspring. Methods Pregnant SD rats were given BPA at 2 20 and 100 mg/kg body weight per day respectively from eleventh day of gestation to the whole lactation by gavage until their pups were weaned on postnatal day 21  the control group had no BPA exposure. Every six F1 male pups from each of the four groups were killed at differential time points on postnatal day 1510152130 and 45 respectively. Histopathological examination by HE stain was done on the brains. Results The results showed no abnormal change was found on postnatal day 1-10. Three dosage groups showed abnormal change of different degree on 15th 21th 30th postnatal day the mainly abnormal change was karyopyknosis of pyramidal cell in CA3 of hippocampus and cortical neuron in cerebral cortex. The cell numbers of pyramidal cell in CA3 of hippocampus and cerebral cortex were decreased on 45th postnatal day. Conclusion Perinatal BPA exposure may have an adverse effect on the brain developmnent of F1 male offspring.

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