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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908371

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the vancomycin dose, therapeutic drug monitoring(TDM) situation and therapeutic effect of children after liver transplantation.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the data of 98 children who received intravenous vancomycin treatment after liver transplantation were conducted in the Department of Critical Care Medicine of Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2017 to June 2019, including demographic data, vancomycin dose, serum trough concentration, drug-related adverse reactions and clinical outcome data.Results:A total of 98 children received intravenous vancomycin treatment and at least one steady-state TDM blood sample was collected.Among them, 53 cases (54.1%) were male, and the median age was 9 months(5 months to 14 years old). The median first daily dose of vancomycin treatment was 50(30-60)mg/(kg·d), and the median duration of treatment was 14(3-54)days.Only 27.5%(27/98)of the children′s initial trough concentration reached the target concentration (10-20 mg/L), while 26 cases(26.5%) did not reach the target after adjusting the treatment.Six children(6.1%)had renal toxicity caused by vancomycin, and two children had skin rash.The effective treatment rate accounted for 51.7%(15/29). The initial trough concentrations of vancomycin in the effective and ineffective groups were(5.92±3.82)mg/L and(10.43±5.37)mg/L, respectively.The difference was statistically significant ( P=0.041). Conclusion:The rate of intravenous vancomycin in children after liver transplantation is low, and the dose needs to be adjusted individually.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1203-1208, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the characteristics of renal cortical microcirculation and its relationship with the expression of plasma endothelial microparticle (EMP) in septic rats, and to evaluate the effect of Xuebijing injection as an adjuvant therapy of antibiotics on septic AKI.Methods:The 8-10 weeks old specific pathogen free (SPF) male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into sham operation group (Sham group), positive drug control group and Xuebijing group by the random number table method, with 10 rats in each group. The cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) with large ligation (ligated 75% of the cecum) was used to prepare a rat high-grade sepsis model; in the Sham group, the cecum was stretched without ligation or puncture. Due to the high mortality of CLP with large ligation, Xuebijing injection (4 mL/kg, 12 hours per time) and imipenem/cilastatin injection (90 mg/kg, 6 hours per time) were administered to the rats in the Xuebijing group via the tail vein immediately after the model was produced. Normal saline and imipenem/cilastatin were administered to the rats by the same methods in the positive drug control group. The rats in the Sham group were treated with the same volume of normal saline as any of the other two groups at the same frequency. At 48 hours after model reproduction, the mean arterial pressure (MAP) and blood lactic acid (Lac) of the rats were measured. The renal cortical microcirculation was monitored by using side stream dark-field imaging. Renal hypoxia signals were assessed by pimonidazole chloride immunohistochemistry. Plasma EMP levels were determined by using flow cytometry, and then the correlation between EMP and microcirculation parameters of renal cortex was analyzed. At the same time, the serum creatinine (SCr) was measured, and the renal injury score (Paller score) was used to evaluate the severity of renal tissue pathological damage.Results:Compared with the Sham group, perfused vessel density (PVD), microvascular flow index (MFI) and MAP in the positive drug control group and the Xuebijing group decreased significantly, the positive expression of hypoxia probe (pimonidazole) increased, Lac, EMP, Paller score and SCr increased significantly. However, compared with the positive drug control group, the renal cortical microcirculation in the Xuebijing group was improved significantly, PVD and MFI were increased significantly [PVD (mm/mm 2): 16.20±1.20 vs. 9.77±1.12, MFI: 2.46±0.05 vs. 1.85±0.15, both P < 0.05], Lac was reduced significantly (mmol/L: 4.81±1.23 vs. 6.08±1.09, P < 0.05), MAP increased slightly [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 84.00±2.00 vs. 80.00±2.00, P > 0.05], suggested that Xuebijing injection improved renal microcirculation perfusion in septic rats, and this effect did not depend on the change of MAP. The positive expression of pemonidazole in renal cortex of the Xuebijing group was significantly lower than that of the positive drug control group [(35.89±1.13)% vs. (44.93±1.37) %, P < 0.05], suggested that Xuebijing injection alleviated renal hypoxia. The plasma EMP levels of rats in the Xuebijing group were significantly lower than those in the positive drug control group (×10 6/L: 3.49±0.17 vs. 5.78±0.22, P < 0.05), and the EMP levels were significantly negatively correlated with PVD and MFI ( r values were -0.94 and -0.95, respectively, both P < 0.05), indicated that the increase of plasma EMP was highly correlated with renal microcirculation disorder, and Xuebijing injection inhibited the increase of plasma EMP levels. The Paller score in the Xuebijing group was significantly lower than that in the positive drug control group (46.90±3.84 vs. 62.70±3.05, P < 0.05), and the level of SCr was also significantly lower than that in the positive drug control group (μmol/L: 121.1±12.4 vs. 192.7±23.9, P < 0.05), which suggested that Xuebijing injection relieved kidney injury and improved renal function in septic rats. Conclusion:As an adjuvant therapy of antibiotics, Xuebijing injection could inhibit the expression of plasma EMP in rats with sepsis, improve renal cortex microcirculation, and reduce kidney injury.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 646-651, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866904

ABSTRACT

The high incidence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and high mortality of critical patients have posed a great challenge to global public health resources. Currently there are no specific antiviral drugs and vaccines available for COVID-19, which has drawn the attention to the usefulness of convalescent plasma (CP) again, so the application of CP in the adult patients with COVID-19 is reviewed. The main contents include the possible mechanism of CP, the evidence of CP in the treatment of COVID-19 patients, the safety of clinical application of CP and the main factors affecting the clinical effect of CP, which may provide some basis for clinicians to choose CP for the treatment of adult patients with COVID-19.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 449-453, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866836

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of lactic acid (Lac), lactate clearance (LCR) and procalcitonin (PCT) in assessing the severity and predicting the prognosis in sepsis.Methods:18-80-year-old patients with sepsis admitted to the department of critical care medicine of Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from April 2009 to December 2019 were enrolled. The gender, age, basic illness, infection site, organ function, acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ (APACHEⅡ), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), Lac and PCT were collected on admission to intensive care unit (ICU), as well as Lac after 24 hours, 24-hour LCR, and 28-day prognosis. The patients were divided into sepsis group and septic shock group according to Sepsis-3 criteria. According to the 28-day prognosis, the septic shock patients were divided into survival group and death group, and the differences of each index between the two groups were compared. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of death in septic shock patients. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the role of Lac, LCR, PCT, SOFA score and APACHEⅡscore in predicting prognosis of the patients with septic shock.Results:A total of 998 patients with sepsis were enrolled, including 642 males and 356 females; with (59.56±13.22) years old. There were 478 patients with septic shock, among which 180 died and 298 survived during the 28-day observation. ① Compared with the sepsis group, the age of the sepsis shock group was significantly higher (years old: 60.49±12.31 vs. 58.72±13.97), APACHEⅡ score, SOFA score, Lac, PCT and 24 h Lac increased [APACHEⅡ: 24.57±7.04 vs. 19.37±6.93, SOFA: 7.78±3.31 vs. 4.38±3.42, Lac (mmol/L): 3.00 (1.70, 5.00) vs. 1.40 (1.00, 2.30), PCT (μg/L): 0.05 (0.00, 4.00) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 1.10), 24-hour Lac (mmol/L): 2.60 (1.60, 4.40) vs. 1.40 (1.00, 2.20)], and the 28-day mortality was significantly higher [41.63% (199/478) vs. 19.42% (101/520)], with significant statistic differences (all P < 0.05).② Compared with the survival group, APACHEⅡ score, SOFA score, Lac, 24-hour Lac significantly increased in the septic shock death group, and 24-hour LCR decreased [APACHEⅡ: 26.19±6.52 vs. 22.25±6.07, SOFA: 9.07±2.90 vs. 7.50±3.10, Lac (mmol/L): 3.80 (2.50, 5.10) vs. 2.80 (2.00, 3.90), 24-hour Lac (mmol/L): 3.20 (2.20, 5.60) vs. 2.10 (1.60, 3.30), 24-hour LCR: 1.43 (-37.50, 30.77)% vs. 16.67 (0.00, 33.98)%, all P < 0.05]. In assessment of organ function, central venous pressure (CVP) and oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) were lower in death group [CVP (mmHg; 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 5.00 (2.00, 8.00) vs. 6.00 (2.00, 9.00), PaO 2/FiO 2 (mmHg): 184.21±84.57 vs. 199.20±86.98], alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and serum creatinine (SCr) increased [ALT (U/L): 376.56±41.43 vs. 104.17±14.10, SCr (μmol/L): 213.53±8.06 vs. 181.91±5.03], with significant statistic differences (all P < 0.05).③ Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that PaO 2/FiO 2, SCr, Lac and SOFA were independent risk factors of prognosis in septic shock [PaO 2/FiO 2: odds ratio ( OR) = 0.997, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.996-0.999, P = 0.001; SCr: OR = 1.001, 95% CI was 1.000-1.002, P = 0.041; Lac: OR = 0.925, 95% CI was 0.871-0.982, P = 0.011; SOFA: OR = 1.178, 95 %CI was 1.110-1.251, P = 0.000]. ROC curve analysis showed that SOFA, SOFA+APACHEⅡ, Lac+24-hour LCR+PCT+SOFA+APACHEⅡcould predict mortality in septic shock patients, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.769 (95% CI was 0.740-0.798), 0.787 (95% CI was 0.759-0.815), 0.800 (95% CI was 0.773-0.827), respectively. The joint of the five indicators, Lac, 24-hour LCR, PCT, SOFA and APACHEⅡ has the largest AUC. Conclusions:Lac is an independent risk factor for death in patients with septic shock, however, the prognosis cannot be predicted. Comprehensive analysis of LCR, PCT, SOFA, APACHEⅡand the clinical organ functions are required for analysis.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 346-350, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703652

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate different inflammation markers for predicting the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in sepsis patients. Methods A retrospective observational study was conducted. The adult patients with sepsis for more than 24 hours admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 1st, 2010 to November 1st, 2017 were enrolled. Inflammatory markers such as white blood cell count (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rata (ESR), neutrophil and lymphocyte ratio (NLR), C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), etc. were collected at ICU admission. The patients were divided into different groups according to the 24-hour AKI, and subgroup analysis was conducted according to the criteria of the Global Renal Disease Prognostic Organization (KDIGO)-AKI staging. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was plotted with statistically significant inflammatory markers to assess the predictive value of AKI for patients with systemic infection. Results A total of 753 patients with sepsis were enrolled. 405 AKI patients were diagnosed within 24 hours, with a prevalence of 53.8%. There were 118 cases (15.7%) in AKI stage 1, 48 cases (6.4%) in stage 2 and 239 cases (31.7%) in stage 3. PCT in AKI group was significantly higher than that in non-AKI group [μg/L: 4.98 (1.51, 32.75) vs. 3.00 (0.37, 11.40), P < 0.01]. PCT of AKI stage 2 group was significantly higher than that of AKI stage 1 and 3 groups [μg/L: 27.86 (4.80, 37.26) vs. 3.00 (0.98, 16.10), 4.98 (1.51, 42.55), both P < 0.01]. Although ESR in AKI group was lower than that of non-AKI group (mm/1 h: 45.25±37.42 vs. 52.28±34.89, P < 0.01), there was no significant difference among the subgroups. CRP in AKI group was slightly higher than the non-AKI group [mg/L: 96.00 (42.20, 160.00) vs. 73.60 (21.01, 157.50)], but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in WBC or NLR between AKI group and non-AKI group. It was shown by ROC curve analysis that the area under ROC curve (AUC) of PCT in predicting the occurrence of septic AKI was 0.619, with the 95% confidence interval (95%CI) of 0.545-0.689 (P < 0.01). When the cut-off value of PCT > 0.4 μg/L, the sensitivity was 94.2%, the specificity was 26.5%, the accuracy was 64.2%, the positive predictive value was 61.6%, and the negative predictive value was 78.6%. Conclusion PCT could be a marker to predict AKI with sepsis patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613768

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of maximal sterile barrier precaution during deep venous/arterial catheterization on preventing catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI)in patients in the department of critical care medicine.Methods 996 patients who were hospitalized in Beijing Friendship Hospital and underwent deep ve-nous/arterial catheterization from September 2011 to April 2014 were analyzed retrospectively,patients were divided into standard sterile barrier precaution group (SSB group,September 2011-December 2012,n=560)and maximal sterile barrier precaution group (MSB group,January 2013-April 2014,n=436)based on whether they received maximal sterile barrier precaution,incidence of CRBSI and mortality were compared between two groups.Results There was no statistical difference in constitute of intubation sites between patients in SSB group and MSB group(χ2=6.750,P=0.08).The incidence of CRBSI per 1000 catheter days in SSB group and MSB group were 2.41‰(1.64‰-4.02‰)and 1.91‰(0‰-4.56‰)respectively,rank test revealed no significant difference(Z=-0.057, P>0.05);24 (4.29%)patients in SSB group and 26(5.96%)patients in MSB group developed CRBSI,difference between two groups was not statistically significant(χ2=1.447,P>0.05).The mortality in SSB group and MSB group were (18.43±5.53)% and (11.68±4.14)% respectively,independent sample t-test revealed that difference was significant(t=3.907,P<0.05).Conclusion Maximal sterile barrier precaution did not reduce the incidence of CRBSI.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506908

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the diagnostic value of serum procalcitonin ( PCT ) for early postoperative bacterial infection after pediatric living donor liver transplantation.Methods A retrospective study was conducted in pediatric patients after living donor liver transplantation recipients admitted to department of critical care medicine of Beijing Friendship Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University during June 2013 to October 2015.According to the clinical data , all pediatric patients were divided into infection group(n=60) and non-infection group (n=100).Primary disease, PCT post operation day 1 to day 5 for non-infection group and day 1 to day 9 for infection group , temperature , white blood cell , cold ischemia time, warm ischemia time, operation time, volume of blood loss during operation were recorded.All parameters above were compared between groups.Receiver operating characteristic ( ROC) curve was plotted, and the diagnostic value of PCT was evaluated.Results PCT of both groups were elevated after liver transplantation , there was a markedly resolution in non-infection group within 48 to 72 hours.PCT of pediatric patients with bacterial infection was significantly higher than that of non-infected patients , and the difference was of greatly significant (4.62 ±1.39) ng/ml vs (0.85 ±0.19) ng/ml,t=26.56,P=0.00.ROC curve showed that the peak level of PCT might be valuable in the diagnosis of bacterial infection ( AUC=0.985).There was no significant difference of cold ischemia time [(109.92 ±19.22) min vs (108.04 ± 13.20) min, t=1.05, P=0.29], warm ischemia time[(1.49 ±0.17) min vs (1.52 ±0.12) min, t=1.08, P=0.28], operation time[(8.01 ±0.77)vs (8.00 ±1.05) h, t=0.06, P=0.94], WBC[(8.95 ±1.69) ×109/L vs (8.98 ±2.00) ×109/L,t=-0.08, P=0.93]and body temperature[(37.5 ±0.7) vs (37.5 ±0.8) ℃,t=-0.05, P=0.96] on the first day after surgery between infection and non-infection groups.Amount of bleeding in infection group was higher than that of non infection group [ ( 650.87 ± 90.36) ml vs (240.29 ±67.67) ml, t=32.33, P=0.00], there was longer length of ICU stay in the infection group[(11.01 ±1.81)d vs (6.03 ±1.65)d, t=17.78, P=0.00].Conclusion Peak PCT level was a valuable indicator for early postoperative bacterial infection after pediatric living donor liver transplantation.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 164-168, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488145

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of change in plasma cholesterol level in patients with sepsis, and to explore its relationship with prognosis and its clinical significance. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted. 568 patients with sepsis admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from August 2013 to August 2015 were enrolled, and 475 patients without sepsis hospitalized in the same period served as the control. The basic clinical data of the two groups were collected, and the results of blood fat and biochemical parameters were compared. The patients with sepsis were divided into death group and survival group, and risk factors influencing the prognosis of patients with sepsis were analyzed with multivariate logistic model regression analysis. Results Compared with non-sepsis patients, the levels of plasma total cholesterol (TC) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in the patients with sepsis were significantly lower [TC (mmol/L): 2.5±1.2 vs. 3.4±1.4, t = 4.274, P = 0.021; HDL-C (mmol/L): 1.6±0.9 vs. 2.5±0.8, t = 3.413, P = 0.018], and that of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) showed no statistically significant difference (mmol/L: 1.9±0.9 vs. 2.1±0.9, t = 0.749, P = 0.614). In the patients with sepsis, the patients in death group (n = 227) were older than those of the survival group (n = 341, years: 74.3±15.5 vs. 65.5±17.5, t = 4.037, P = 0.012), serum creatinine (SCr) was higher than that of survival group (μmol/L: 251.0±115.6 vs. 167.4±108.7, t = 3.254, P = 0.023), the levels of plasma TC, HDL-C and LDL-C were significantly lower than those of survival group [TC (mmol/L): 2.2±1.6 vs. 2.9±1.1, t = 3.057, P = 0.023; HDL-C (mmol/L): 1.4±0.8 vs. 1.9±0.8, t = 4.692, P = 0.016; LDL-C (mmol/L): 1.7±0.7 vs. 2.0±0.8, t = 2.541, P = 0.038]; there was no significant difference in the proportion of male, body mass index (BMI), based disease, intensive care unit (ICU) hospitalization time, the severity of the disease and other biochemical indexes between two groups. With single factor analysis with indicators of statistical significance as a covariate into binary logistic regression equation, the results show that age was the risk factor of death in patients with sepsis [odds ratio (OR) = 1.024, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 1.010-1.048, P = 0.009], and TC was the protective factor on the prognosis of patients with sepsis (OR = 0.747, 95%CI = 0.682-0.811, P = 0.013). Conclusions Plasma cholesterol levels in patients with sepsis were significantly lowered, and the levels in death group was significantly lower than that in the survival group. TC may be used as a clinical indicator to assess the outcome of patients with sepsis.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 285-288, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487300

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most common serious complications in critically ill patients, and it is an independent risk factor for death. In recent years, renal replacement therapy (RRT) has become one of the routine treatments for AKI patients, however there is no accepted consensus on the optimal timing of RRT over the world. This paper reviewed the clinical studies carried out by researchers in the field of critical care and nephrology, thereby summarized and analyzed the related parameters of the optimal time to carry out, with the exception of previously acknowledged classic RRT indications such as hyperkalemia, severe metabolic acidosis, volume overload and so on. The feasible parameters such as serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urine volume, the time admitted in the intensive care unit (ICU) and several standards distinguished AKI stages are discussed in order to find out the cutoff points of those parameters which were best for the patients' outcome, and to provide guidance of decision making for the optimal timing of RRT for AKI patients.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 395-400, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501934

ABSTRACT

Objective To monitor the association between the expression of ve-cadherin and mesentery microcirculation blood flow of sepsis CASP rats,Analysis the relationship of each other.Methods Based on the standard criteria,we established sepsis CASP rats,and the rats were divided into several groups according to the gauge of the vein detained needle in the ascending colon,every group has six rats.The groups consisted of Sepsis A group 22 G(0.9 mm× 25 mm,33 ml/min),sepis B group 20 G(1.1 mm ×32 mm,54 ml/min),sepsis C group 18 G(1.3 mm ×32 mm,80 ml/min),sepsis D group 14 G(2.0 mm ×45 mm,270 ml/min),in addition we established the control group.Real-time observation was performed by microscope on the 6 h's blood velcocity of each sepsis CASP rats group.Then we applied the immunohistochemistry to quantitatively analyze the expression of ve-cadherin of each group.Results The blood velcocity of the mesentery microcirculation in control group was (583.21 ±52.39) μm/s,it was higher compared with the sepsis D group(213.30 ±52.39) μm/s (P <0.05),the blood velocity in sepsis A group was (482.71 ± 58.62) μm/s,higher compared with the sepsis D group(P < 0.05).The score of the immunohistochemistry quantitative analysis of mesentery ve-cadherin in control group was 11.17 ±0.34,higher compared with the sepsis D group(5.43 ±0.43)(P <0.01).The score of sepsis A group was 10.07 ±0.30,higher compared with the sepsis D group(P<0.05).Conclusions The expression of ve-cadherin of sepsis CASP rats had positive correlation with the blood velocity of the mesentery microcirculation of sepsis CASP rats,and it can indirectly reflect the degree of the sepsis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470797

ABSTRACT

Objective In order to prevent the infection of Acinetobacter baumannii and use antibiotics rationally,the clinical infection and drug resistant data of multi-drug resistance Acinetobacter baumannii (MRAB)detected in intensive care unit (ICU)of Beijing Friendship Hospital from 2011 to 2013were analyzed.Methods This study is a retrospective study.One hundred and eighty five strains of MRAB were collected from the patients in ICU from January 2011 to December 2013.Identificationand antibiotic susceptibility of strains were determined with Vitek-2 Compact automatic bacteria identification system.The annual infection rate of MRAB was counted.PCR was used to detect the resistance genes.The clinical features of the patients with MRAB were analyzed.The average age,acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) Ⅱ score,duration in ICU and mortality ratio of the MRAB patients were compared with the patients without MRAB.Rank-sum test was used to analyze the average age,APACHE Ⅱ score and duration in ICU.Chi-squared test was used to analyze the mortality ratio and annual infection rate.Results The average age [(67 ± 17)vs (59-± 19) years old,Z =-5.365,P =0],APACHE Ⅱ score [(25.68±7.93) vs (17.62±8.39),Z=-14.821,P=0],duration in ICU [(27 ±29) vs (5 ±8) d,Z =-4.342,P =0] and mortality ratio [10.82% (53/185) vs 28.65% (147/1 359),x2 =45.92,P =0] of the patients infected by MRAB were significantly higher than those without the infection.The MRAB was found mostly in sputum and bronchial precipitates (83.78%,155/185).Though detection rate reduced yearly and there was a significant reduction in 2013 compared with 2011 [11.07% (69/469) vs 8.37% (52/621),x2 =8.755,P =0.003],the drug resistant rate was in high level and did not show any change in the 3 years.OXA-23 and OXA-51 were detected in all MRAB.Conclusions The main drug resistant mechanism of MRAB in ICU is related to OXA-23.More active methods of coutrol and prevention of MRAB should be used in elderly aud severely pneumonic patients.Intensive disinfection and isolation measures can decrease MRAB detection rate.Combined antibiotics should be used in patients with MRAB infection.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 171-174, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465882

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics and mortality risk factors of severe sepsis patients admitted into intensive care unit (ICU).Methods The clinical data of 419 severe sepsis patients admitted to an adult ICU of Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2009 to December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed and evaluated.Logistic regression analysis was employed to identify independent risk factors for the death of patients with severe sepsis during ICU stay.Results Overall ICU mortality was 43.9% (184/419),and the respiratory tract was the most common site of infection (50.8%),followed by infection of the gastrointestinal tract and abdominal cavity (27.8%),and hematogenous infection (4.3%).Gram-negative bacteria were the most common pathogens [46.0% (214/465)].Iatrogenic infections accounted for 53.7% (225/419) of the enrolled patients.Logistic regression analysis showed that age [odds ratio (OR)=0.003,95% confidence interval (95%CI) 1.015-1.056,P=0.O00],vasoactive drug application (OR=3.251,95%CI 1.562-6.768,P=0.002),failure of 3 or more organs (OR=2.452,95% CI 1.015-5.924,P=0.046),and iatrogenic infection (OR =1.775,95% CI 0.981-3.221,P=0.046) were independent risk factors for ICU mortality.Conclusions Severe sepsis is a common cause of ICU admission.Patients with risk factors for high mortality should be carefully monitored,and aggressive treatment should be administered.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528705

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of Tongfu granules(通腑颗粒) on the gastro- intestinal dysfunction in patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome(MODS).Methods: The trial was prospective,multi-centric and clinically controlled.One hundred and forty patients with MODS who had been selected were randomly divided into two groups: mosapride citrate group and Tongfu granules group.Respectively at 0 hour,the 48 th hour,the 7 th day or before death, the following scoring systems were calculated: the intestinal dysfunction score,acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ((APACHEⅡ)) score and Marshall score.The duration of mechanical ventilation,hospitalization in intensive care unit(ICU) and the prognosis within 28 days were recorded.Results: After treatments,the intestinal dysfunction score,(APACHEⅡ) score and Marshall score of all patients decreased,at the same time,the therapeutic effects of Tongfu granules group were more significant than those in mosapride citrate group(P20 scores.The mortality was elevated with the increased number of dysfunction organs.Conclusion: Tongfu granules can ameliorate the severity of the disease situation andimprove the prognosis of patients with MODS.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682721

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the action of penehyclidine hydrochloride on the treatment for septic shock. Methods Total 40 admitted patients for septic shock,were randomly divided into four groups,Group A:654-2 30 mg, Q 30 min;Group B:penehvclidine hydrochloride 2 mg,Q 1 h;Group C:penehyclidine hydrochloride 2 mg,Q 6 h; Group D:penehyclidine hydrochloride 6 mg,Q 6 h,The medication dosage was not abated until twig were improved.The heart rate (HR),mean arterial pressure (MAP),diameter of the pupil,the time and duration of the twig improvement, saturation of pulse oxygen (SpO_2),consciousness,intestinal sound and the level of lactolose in blood were observed. Results penehyclidine hydrochloride could improve the microcirculation in patients with septic shock.The administration time was few.It didn't make the heart rate increase and inhibit the intestinal motion.Conclusion Penehyclidine hydrochloride would be one of the ideal vasoactive drugs in treatment for septic shock.

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