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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2824-2829, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990121

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the experience of teachers from Guangdong and Macao in nursing teaching cooperation, the existing problems in current teaching cooperation and suggestions for improvement.Methods:From January to April 2021, using descriptive qualitative method to conduct in-depth among eight clinical tutors from The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University who teach Macao nursing students, and four teachers from Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macao using the purposive sampling method. And adopted content analysis for data analysis.Results:A total of 4 themes and 2 sub-themes were analyzed: the positive impact of cross-border teaching cooperation projects including developed the nursing business of the two places and deepened the cooperative relationship between the two places; limiting the depth and breadth of knowledge transfer because of the short cross-border learning time; the imbalance between students′ abilities and teachers′ expectations; expectations for homogeneous internships for heterogeneous groups.Conclusions:Cross-border nursing teaching cooperation is an important promoter for the development of nursing education between Guangdong and Macao, but there are still deficiencies in cooperation, and it is necessary for the two places to strengthen the construction of a sharing platform for teaching resources to promote the development of nursing education in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2587-2593, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide theoretical reference for the construction of effective prevention and control strategies. The study deeply investigates the impact of traumatic birth events on compassion fatigue and inner feelings of midwives.Methods:Fifteen midwives from five tertiary hospitals in Guangzhou were interviewed in depth by semi-structured interview method from April to June 2021. Colaizzi analysis and Nvivo12 plus software were used to analyze and integrate the data and extract themes.Results:Three main themes were extracted, including the characteristics of traumatic birth events (high incidence, sudden and dangerous, preventable and controllable); exacerbating compassion fatigue (reducing compassion satisfaction levels; exacerbating burnout; and aggravating traumatic stress responses); and exploring effective coping strategies (time required for adjustment, seeking stress release).Conclusions:As a strong stressor, traumatic birth events aggravate the symptoms of compassion fatigue in midwives. Managers should pay attention to the occupational exposure of traumatic childbirth events, actively guide midwives to make psychological adjustments. In addition, managers can increase social support and strengthen the ideological and political education of midwives, so that they have good stress tolerance and excellent professional psychological quality.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 525-529, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of USP41 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and its correlation with malignant phenotype and adriamycin sensitivity.Methods:The expression of USP41 in TNBC resistant cell lines and clinical tissue samples was detected by Western blot and qPCR. Subsequently, the high expression of USP41 molecule was determined, and the role and possible mechanism of USP41 in the malignant phenotype and adriamycin resistance of TNBC were evaluated by cell biological methods such as CCK8, colony formation assay, transwell, Western blot, and CoIP-MS.Results:USP41 expression was significantly higher in triple-negative breast cancer samples than in adjacent non-cancerous tissues. USP41 expression was nearly 40-fold higher in the doxorubicin-resistant cell line MDA-MB-231/DXR, with an IC50 value of 6.86 μM. Interference with USP41 significantly increased the sensitivity of MDA-MB-231/DXR cells to doxorubicin. Interference with USP41 significantly inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation and migration of cells, with a decrease in the number of clones of 30%-80% and a decrease in the number of migrating cells of more than 70%, and the difference was statistically significant. In addition, USP41 knockdown improved the sensitivity of MDA-MB-231 cells to doxorubicin, with an IC50 decrease from 5.49 μM to 2.36 μM and 2.56 μM. CO-IP results showed that USP41 could directly interact with RACK1, and the expression of RACK1 was significantly higher in cancer tissues than in adjacent non-cancerous tissues. Interference with RACK1 inhibited MDA-MB-231 cell proliferation, with IC50 decreasing from 9.87 μM to 4.67 μM and 4.36 μM. Colony formation capacity decreased by more than 30% and the difference was statistically significant. USP41 knockdown decreased cell migration by more than 70% compared to control.Conclusion:High expression of USP41 is associated with malignant surface and adriamycin resistance in TNBC, and RACK1 may be a key molecule in the role of USP41.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 399-406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923550

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To perform a visualized analysis of the current status, hotspots and frontiers of research on denervated muscle atrophy in the past five years.Methods The Web of Science core database was used to retrieve relevant documents in the field of denervated muscle atrophy, and visualized analysis was performed on CiteSpace 5.8.R3 in terms of annual number of published papers, frequency of citations, countries, institutions, authors, keywords and references.Results A total of 516 articles were retrieved from 2017 to 2021. The annual number of published papers was on the rise, and the number of citations was increasing year by year. The United States, Canada and England were high-influence countries, the University of Padua in Italy was the leading institution. The author SUN Hualin published the most articles. The authors Bodine S C and Sandri M were the main influencers. Physiological and pathological mechanisms based on cytology, molecular biology and tissue morphology, as well as prevention and treatment measures based on physical factor therapy, drugs and exercise were the research hotspots in this field. It might be coming that taking reactive oxygen species as the target and looking for multi-targeted proteolytic system drugs as the goal for prevention and treatment.Conclusion This visualized analysis has comprehensively summarized the trends and development of denervated muscle atrophy research, and identified the potential research frontiers and hot directions in the near future.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 79-89, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923472

ABSTRACT

@#Obective To analyze the risk factors during pregnancy and perinatal period leading to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children using scoping review. Methods The literatures related to the risk factors of children's ADHD during pregnancy and perinatal period were searched from CNKI, Wanfang Data, PubMed and Web of Science, from the establishment to July 1st, 2021. The content of author, country, publication time, research object, age, sample size, inclusion time, study design, diagnostic criteria, evaluation tools and related risk factors were extracted. Results A total of 2 721 articles were returned, and 35 articles were finally included, from eleven countries. Most of the articles came from journals related to pediatrics, psychiatry, neurology and epidemiology. The researches were mainly concentrated from 2008 to 2021, mainly were controlled studies and cohort studies. The researches mainly involved the methods of diagnosis, evaluation of risk factors during pregnancy and perinatal period, and related risk factors. The diagnostic criteria of ADHD mainly were the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and International Disease Classification Standards, combined with the questionnaires used by parents and teachers to make the final diagnosis. The risk factors during pregnancy and perinatal period were extracted from medical records of birth, birth records, maternal medical history, perinatal hospitalization and outpatient records, and maternal drug use records during pregnancy, or questionnaire survey (parents/newborns). The risk factors for ADHD in children during pregnancy and perinatal period might be divided into four aspects: maternal factors, intrauterine factors, environmental factors and perinatal accidents. Among them, the maternal factors included young mother, obesity, poor living behavior, substance exposure, medical history, and nutrient deficiency during pregnancy; intrauterine factors included poor fetal development in the mother's uterus, miscarriages and the number of pregnancies; environmental factors included living environment and social environment; perinatal accidents included childbirth accidents and poor health of newborns. Conclusion The pregnancy and perinatal risk factors related to ADHD in children mainly include maternal factors, intrauterine factors, environmental factors and perinatal accidents. The poor mental health of mothers during pregnancy is the main risk factor leading to children's ADHD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 998-1003, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a scientific and objective evaluation system for the in-service training of "double-qualified" clinical nursing teachers.Methods:From August 2020 to March 2021, the framework was preliminarily constructed through literature analysis, and the evaluation system was constructed by Delphi method and analytic hierarchy process.Results:The authority coefficients of the two rounds of expert consultation are 0.82 and 0.81 respectively, and the overall coordination coefficients are 0.24 and 0.21 respectively. As a result, we construct the evaluation system for the in-service training of "double-qualified" clinical nursing teachers, included 8 first-level indicators, 39 second-level indicators and 39 groups of grading rules.Conclusions:The evaluation index system for the on-the-job training of "dual-teacher" clinical nursing teachers constructed in this study can provide a reference for the reform of the current "dual-teacher" clinical nursing teachers′ on-the-job training, and improve the quality of teacher training, and guarantee the quality of nursing teaching.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 7-17, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882937

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop the evaluation index system for clinical teaching quality supervision of nursing undergraduates.Methods:Based on the theory of Donabedian's structure-process-outcome quality model, literature review, semi-structured interviews, Delphi method and Analytic Hierarchy Process were adopted to determine the teaching quality supervision index system for clinical nursing interns.Results:After two rounds of expert consultation, questionnaire response rates were 92.86%(26/28), 100.00%(26/26); expert authority coefficients were 0.871, 0.887 and the two rounds of expert consultation authority coefficient was 0.879; coefficients of variation ranged from 0.00 to 0.15 and 0.04 to 0.12; coordination coefficients ranged from 0.256 to 0.667 and 0.402 to 0.804 ( χ2 values were 60.276-427.571, P<0.01). The final index system consisted of 3 first-level indicators, 9 second-level indicators, and 36 third-level indicators. The analytic hierarchy process was used to determine the weights of all indexes, and the consistency test (CR<0.1) was performed. Conclusions:The construction of the index system for clinical teaching quality supervision of nursing undergraduates is scientific with reasonable weight. It can provide reference for the improvement and reform of clinical nursing teaching work.

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 502-507, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691825

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the application efficacies of the peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) and venous port access (VPA) during chemotherapy in the patients with malignant tumor.Methods The research data published in CNKI,WanFang Database and Pubmed Database were collected from October 2008 to December 2016.The related researches were screened according to the inclusion criteria.Then the meta analysis was performed by using the Revman Manager 5.3 software.Results Finally 63 articles were included for conducting the meta analysis,involving 11 296 patients.The one-time catheter placing success rate of VPA and PICC was investigated by 30 included articles,and the merged effect showed that the difference had no statistical significance (OR =0.96,95 % CI:0.75-1.23,P>0.05).The analysis results of 16 articles showed that the proportion of the catheter indwelling time ≥ 1 year in the patients adopting VAP was higher than that in the patients adopting PICC (OR =27.17,95 % CI:18.08-40.83,P<0.05).The incidence rate of complications in the patients adopting VPA was lower than that in the patients adopting PICC (OR =0.19,95 % CI:0.16-0.22,P<0.01).The living quality of VPA and PICC was investigated by 11 included articles,which showed that the living quality in the VAP group was significantly higher than that in the PICC group (OR=8.53,95%CI:5.88-12.38,P<0.05).Conclnsion The indwelling time of VPA during chemotherapy in the patients with malignant tumor is longer,the incidence rate of complications is lower and the patient's living quality is higher.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine ; (12): 618-623, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618576

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of stroke patients received rehabilitation treatment at different medical units in the Rehabilitation Medical Association.Method:Totally 183 stroke patients were recruited from October 12,2012 to February 5,2016 by Shenzhen Rehabilitation Medical Association(SRMA).SRMA consists of 4 members,including the Second People's Hospital of Shenzhen,Shenzhen Nan'ao People's Hospital,Shenzhen Baoxing Hospital and Community Healthcare Center in Futian District,which belong to tertiary hospital,secondary hospital,and primary healthcare unit,respectively.According to the time of onset of stroke,all the patients were divided into recovery phase or sequelae phase.The rehabilitation facilities were standardized.All patients received rehabilitation treatment for 4 weeks,which included functional rehabilitation training of limb,functional electrical stimulation training,activities of daily living training.Fugl-Meyer Assessment(FMA),balance subscale of the Fugl-Meyer test(FMB),National Institute of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS) and modified Barthel Index(MBI) before and after rehabilitation treatment were used to evaluate the effects.Result:The scores of FMA,FMB,NIHSS and MBI were significantly improved in all the groups after rehabilitation treatment(P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in all assessments among the groups(P> 0.05).Conclusion:Based on the standardized rehabilitation treatment programs,the stroke patients come from the members of Rehabilitation Medical Association can achieve homogeneous effects after rehabilitation treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1756-1760, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498802

ABSTRACT

Different maternal positions and movement are utilized gradually in clinic while today it appears that the majority of women in the world birth in supine position or lithotomy position. To know the current situation and progress of the studies concerning different maternal positions and movement during labour and to explore the current relevant problems in clinic. The search strategy was designed to identify the relevant literature. The search was limited to the last 20 years as current literature was sought. Thirty eight papers were identified as relevant and included in this literature review. The majority studies is concerning about the outcome of mother and fetus. There is no unitized clinical pathway currently, and the objects implemented are limited. There is no study related to the requirement of implementing different maternal positions and movement during labor in clinic and the effect of pelvic floor function after parturition. The positive effect of implementing different maternal positions and movement during labor can be sure for the process of parturition and the outcome of mother and baby. Childbirth in different maternal positions and movement is the trend in the future. Therefore, how to utilize different maternal positions and movement during labor well, it is still a huge challenge for medical staff. And more convincing studies and information are needed as evidence in clinic.

11.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1075-1081, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815130

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) on the classification of breast imaging-reporting and data system (BI-RADS) and its significance.
 Methods: A total of 832 patients with breast diseases, who came from Second Clinical College of Fujian Medical University from May 2013 to November 2013, were collected. The patients were examined by double position radiography (including craniocaudol and mediolateral oblique) and COMBO mode [including DBT and full-field digital mammography (FFDM)]. Meanwhile, the results of FFDM and DBT were classified. The number of glands, the characteristics of mass and other indirect signs were compared by COMBO and FFDM modes. Paired Wilcoxon rank sum text was adopted to investigate the differences between COMBO mode and FFDM mode in the 832 patients, and receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) was applied to analyze the 79 patients with the pathological results.
 Results: The patients with large amount of glands (including Class c and Class d) accounted for 87.6% in the 832 patients, while the patients with small amounts of glands (including Class a and Class b) accounted for 11.7%. In estimating the content of glands, more details about the distribution of glands were found in the COMBO mode compared with those in the FFDM mode. According to the results of paired Wilcoxon rank sum test, there was significant statistical difference in BI-RADS classcification in breast masses between the COMBO mode and the FFDM mode (P<0.05), though the overall classification of the COMBO mode is higher than that of the FFDM mode. The pathology was served as a standard to estimate the diagnostic efficiency. The area under ROC curve was 0.805 in the FFDM mode, while that in the COMBO mode was 0.941. The optimal sensibility in the COMBO mode was 82.9%, which was higher than that in the FFDM mode. However, the specificity was 93.2% in both COMBO mode and the FFDM mode.
 Conclusion: DBT has a high clinical significance in BI-RADS classification for breast X-ray examination.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Mammography , Methods , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 521-524, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466838

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the expression of leukocyte-associated immunoglobulin(Ig)-like receptor-1 (LAIR-1) on Treg cells in children with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) and the level of soluble LAIR-1 (sLAIR-1),LAIR-2 in peripheral blood,and to discuss the possible role of LAIR in the pathogenesis of childhood ITP.Methods The levels of LAIR-1 on Treg cells of peripheral blood were measured in 36 children with ITP by using flow cytometry.Plasma levels of sLAIR-1 and LAIR-2 were measured by adopting enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).Real-time PCR was used to measure both LAIR-1 mRNA and LAIR-2 mRNA.Twenty-eight healthy children served as the healthy control group.Results The expression of Treg cells in children with ITP was significantly lower than that in the healthy control group [(2.05 ± 0.85) % vs (3.04 ± 1.03) %,t =4.198,P < 0.001].The expression rate of LAIR-1 on Treg cells and tyrosine phosphatase-2 (SHP-2) in children with ITP group had no statistically significant difference with the healthy control group [(71.18 ± 13.36) % vs (67.69 ± 13.07)%,t=1.045,P>0.05;(1.20 ± 0.97) % vs (0.85 ±0.66)%;t=1.718,P>0.05].The levels of sLAIR-1 and LAIR-2 in plasma in children with ITP group were increased significantly than those in the healthy control group [(20.53 ±4.32) μg/L vs (17.51 ± 5.15) μg/L,t =2.424,P <0.05;(5.83 ± 1.08) μg/L vs (5.19 ± 1.24) μg/L,t =2.267,P < 0.05].The LAIR-1 mRNA expression level in children with ITP group was significantly increased compared with the healthy control group (t =2.851,P < 0.05),but not the LAIR-2 mRNA expression level (t =1.715,P > 0.05).Conclusions The expression of Treg cells in children with ITP is decreased,and it may be associated with the onset of ITP,and it may suggest that LAIR-1 does not play a leading role in Treg cells when ITP occurrs.And the levels of sLAIR-1,LAIR-2 in plasma are both increased,suggesting that LAIR-1,LAIR-2 may be one of the factors of immune disorders in children with ITP.

13.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 258-260, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447917

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the resilience and its influencing factors of nurses.Methods I 356 nurses from 11 comprehensive hospitals of Guangzhou were assessed by Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale,General Self-Efficacy Scale,Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire and Chinese Nurse Job Stress Scale.Results ①The score of nurses' resilience was (59.99± 13.59) and it was significantly lower (t=-t4.656,P<0.001) than that of the domestic norm (65.4±13.9,n=560).There were statistic difference (P<0.05) among the total score and 3 dimensions scores of resilience on different educational level and professional rank of nurses.②Nurses' resilience had a obvious positive correlation with the educational level,professional rank,self-efficacy,positive coping(P< 0.01),and a obvious negative correlation with the negative coping and job stress(P<0.01).It can be assumed that educational level,self-efficacy,coping style and job stress had good predictive ability (47.4%).Conclusion The nurses have low resilience than general population.Educational level,self-efficacy,coping style and job stress are influencing factors of resilience.

14.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 14-17, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458004

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the incidences of postpartum depression as well as the influencing factors in Guangzhou.Method Nine hundred and seventy women participated in the investigation with the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale(EPDS)to analyze the influenceing factors.Results The incidence rate was 38.87%(377/970). The influencing factors included age,feeding mode,delivery mode and education level.Conclusions The incidence of postpartum depression is at a higher level.The feeding mode,delivery mode and education level are the influencing factors.

15.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 70-73, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435855

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of using problem-based learning in nursing clinical teaching in the obstetrics and gynecology department.Methods Sixty-six nursing students were randomly divided into PBL group and lecture-based learning(LBL)group .At the end of their internship,the two groups were compared in terms of examination performance,learning attitude and aptitude,and their feedback on the two learning modes.Results The students in the PBL group were significantly better than those in the control group in terms of examination performance,learning attitude and aptitude,and their feedback on the learning mode(P<0.001).Conclusions PBL may be effective in the improvement of their attitude to learning and aptitude,the comprehensive ability.It can provide an environment to promote internal learning motivation for students.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 7-10, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439132

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status of nurses' resilience and to explore the related factors.Methods 1356 nurses from 11 level Ⅱ and level Ⅲ hospitals of Guangzhou were assessed by using the general information questionnaire and the Chinese version of Conner-Davidson resilience scale.Results The score of nurses' resilience was(59.99±13.59)points and it was significantly lower than that of the domestic norm.There was statistical difference of the score of nurses' resilience on different genders,educational background,professional titles,hospital level and night shifts.There was a positive correlation among educational background,night shifts and nurses' resilience,and a negative correlation between hospital level and nurses' resilience.The hospital level,night shifts and educational background were the influencing factors of nurses' resilience.Conclusions The level of nurses' resilience is low.The higher hospital level and educational background,and the less night shift,the higher of nurses' resilience.

17.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 19-21, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438405

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate postpartum family visits to the parturients in communities.Method Eighty six post-natal parturient women took part in the investigation by using a self-designed questionnaire.Results 57.0%of them received one postpartum visit and the visit time ranged between 15~30 min.72.1%of visits were about check of the wounds and lochia;23.3%of visitors were from milk companies.74.4%of mothers thought that the visitors lacked of professional knowledge.47.7%of them thought the visits lacked of professional content.24.4%of them thought that the visits were not in time.Conclusion Enriching the knowledge of postpartum care,updating visitors' knowledge,enriching the contents of health care and standardizing visit management are of importance for the increase of visits.

18.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-585897

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To cut down the occurring rate of the hospital infections in the neonate ward. METHODS To summarize the experiences and to approach the methods for the infection control and the nursing management for hospital infections in neonate ward in last ten years(1995-2004). RESULTS Thermostats,blue-ray boxes,resuscitators,respirator tubes and some other devices which usually applying in neonate ward were easily lead to the hospital infections. CONCLUSIONS The nursing department plays an important role in controlling the hospital infections,and the head nurse is the key to the question,and all the members mobilization is the guarantee for putting the measures into effect.

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